Search results for 'Survival' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Heidi Savage, What Matters in Survival: Life Trajectories and the Possibility of Virtual Immersion.score: 18.0
    The immediate goal of this paper is to establish that one can both agree with Parfit that identity is not what matters in survival and yet still maintain that the concept of a persisting person requires singularity over time. That is, fission cannot preserve what matters in survival. This can be maintained once one recognizes an externalist constraint on preserving what matters. Specifically, I claim that what matters in the survival of persons is something Parfit might call (...)
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  2. Andrew A. Brennan (1982). Personal Identity and Personal Survival. Analysis 42 (January):44-50.score: 18.0
    Parfit argues that survival, Not identity, Is the important thing in cases of personal resurrection, Fission, Etc. I argue that parfit's and dennett's well known cases--And fantasies about cloning and telecloning--Suggest a distinction between type and token persons, Memories, Intentions, Etc. Parfit is wrong, I suggest, To think survival more determinate than identity; with quine I hold that there is no objective matter to be right or wrong about.
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  3. Barry F. Dainton (1996). Survival and Experience. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 96:17 - 36.score: 18.0
    (Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 1996: 17-36) I If I am to survive until some later date, what must happen, and what must not happen, over the intervening period? I am talking here about survival in the strict sense. Take an earlier and a later person, if they are one and the same, what is it about them that makes this so? In addressing this question the preferred tool has long been the exploitation of imaginary or science fiction cases. (...)
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  4. Scott Campbell (2005). Is Causation Necessary for What Matters in Survival? Philosophical Studies 126 (3):375-396.score: 18.0
    In this paper I shall argue that if the Parfitian psychological criterion or theory of personal identity is true, then a good case can be made out to show that the psychological theorist should accept the view I call “psychological sequentialism”. This is the view that a causal connection is not necessary for what matters in survival, as long as certain other conditions are met. I argue this by way of Parfit’s own principle that what matters in survival (...)
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  5. Torin Alter & Stuart Rachels (2005). Nothing Matters in Survival. Journal of Ethics 9 (3-4):311-330.score: 18.0
    Do I have a special reason to care about my future, as opposed to yours? We reject the common belief that I do. Putting our thesis paradoxically, we say that nothing matters in survival: nothing in our continued existence justifies any special self-concern. Such an "extreme" view is standardly tied to ideas about the metaphysics of persons, but not by us. After rejecting various arguments against our thesis, we conclude that simplicity decides in its favor. Throughout the essay we (...)
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  6. James Baillie (1993). What Matters in Survival. Southern Journal of Philosophy 31 (3):255-61.score: 18.0
    I examine Derek Parfit’s claim that it doesn’t matter whether he survives in the future, if someone survives who is psychologically connected to him by “Relation R.” Thus, were his body to perish and be replaced by an exact duplicate, both physically and psychologically identical to him, this would be just as good as “ordinary” survival. Parfit takes the corollary view that replacement of loved ones by exact duplicates is no loss. In contrast, Peter Unger argues that we place (...)
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  7. Bouchard Frédéric (2011). Darwinism Without Populations: A More Inclusive Understanding of the “Survival of the Fittest”. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 42 (1):106-114.score: 18.0
    Following Wallace’s suggestion, Darwin framed his theory using Spencer’s expression “survival of the fittest”. Since then, fitness occupies a significant place in the conventional understanding of Darwinism, even though the explicit meaning of the term ‘fitness’ is rarely stated. In this paper I examine some of the different roles that fitness has played in the development of the theory. Whereas the meaning of fitness was originally understood in ecological terms, it took a statistical turn in terms of reproductive success (...)
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  8. L. Dennis, R. W. Gray, L. H. Kauffman, J. Brender McNair & N. J. Woolf (2009). A Framework Linking Non-Living and Living Systems: Classification of Persistence, Survival and Evolution Transitions. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 14 (3):217-238.score: 18.0
    We propose a framework for analyzing the development, operation and failure to survive of all things, living, non-living or organized groupings. This framework is a sequence of developments that improve survival capability. Framework processes range from origination of any entity/system, to the development of increased survival capability and development of life-forms and organizations that use intelligence. This work deals with a series of developmental changes that arise from the uncovering of emergent properties. The framework is intended to be (...)
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  9. Cynthia D. Rittenhouse (1996). Survival Skills and Ethics Training for Graduate Students: A Graduate Student Perspective. Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (3):367-380.score: 18.0
    Graduate students in the sciences must develop practical skills geared toward scientific survival and success. This is particularly true now, given the paucity of research funds and jobs. Along with more elementary skills, research ethics should be an integral part of students’ scientific training. Survival skills include research skills, communication skills, general efficiency, and preparation for post-graduate work. Ethics training covers guidelines for use of animal and human subjects, data treatment, disclosure, credit issues, conflicts of interest, and response (...)
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  10. Stuart Rachels & Torin Alter (2005). Nothing Matters in Survival. Journal of Ethics 9 (3/4):311 - 330.score: 18.0
    Do I have a special reason to care about my future, as opposed to yours? We reject the common belief that I do. Putting our thesis paradoxically, we say that nothing matters in survival: nothing in our continued existence justifies any special self-concern. Such an "extreme" view is standardly tied to ideas about the metaphysics of persons, but not by us. After rejecting various arguments against our thesis, we conclude that simplicity decides in its favor. Throughout the essay we (...)
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  11. W. Ford Doolittle (forthcoming). Natural Selection Through Survival Alone, and the Possibility of Gaia. Biology and Philosophy:1-9.score: 18.0
    Here I advance two related evolutionary propositions. (1) Natural selection is most often considered to require competition between reproducing “individuals”, sometimes quite broadly conceived, as in cases of clonal, species or multispecies-community selection. But differential survival of non-competing and non-reproducing individuals will also result in increasing frequencies of survival-promoting “adaptations” among survivors, and thus is also a kind of natural selection. (2) Darwinists have challenged the view that the Earth’s biosphere is an evolved global homeostatic system. Since there (...)
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  12. C. Verharen, J. Tharakan, G. Middendorf, M. Castro-Sitiriche & G. Kadoda (2013). Introducing Survival Ethics Into Engineering Education and Practice. Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (2):599-623.score: 18.0
    Given the possibilities of synthetic biology, weapons of mass destruction and global climate change, humans may achieve the capacity globally to alter life. This crisis calls for an ethics that furnishes effective motives to take global action necessary for survival. We propose a research program for understanding why ethical principles change across time and culture. We also propose provisional motives and methods for reaching global consensus on engineering field ethics. Current interdisciplinary research in ethics, psychology, neuroscience and evolutionary theory (...)
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  13. Kevin J. Corcoran (2001). Physical Persons and Postmortem Survival Without Temporal Gaps. In , Soul, Body, and Survival. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.score: 18.0
     
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  14. Ryuta Kawashima Rui Nouchi (2012). Effect of the Survival Judgment Task on Memory Performance in Subclinically Depressed People. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 18.0
    Many reports have described that a survival judgment task that requires participants to judge words according to their relevance to a survival situation can engender better recall than that obtained in other judgment tasks such as semantic or self-judgment tasks. We investigated whether memory enhancement related to the survival judgment task is elicited or not in subclinically depressed participants. Based on the BDI Score, participants were classified as either depressed or non-depressed participants. Then 20 depressed participants and (...)
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  15. J. Seibt (2002). Fission, Sameness, and Survival: Parfit's Branch Line Argument Revisited. Metaphysica 1 (2):95-134.score: 18.0
    Parfit’s Branch Line argument is intended to show that the relation of survival is possibly a one-many relation and thus different from numerical identity. I offer a detailed reconstruction of Parfit’s notions of survival and personal identity, and show the argument cannot be coherently formulated within Parfit’s own setting. More specifically, I argue that Parfit’s own specifications imply that the “R-relation”, i.e., the relation claimed to capture of “what matters in survival,” turns out to hold not only (...)
     
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  16. Charles Verharen, John Tharakan, Flordeliz Bugarin, Joseph Fortunak, Gada Kadoda & George Middendorf (2014). Survival Ethics in the Real World: The Research University and Sustainable Development. Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (1):135-154.score: 18.0
    We discuss how academically-based interdisciplinary teams can address the extreme challenges of the world’s poorest by increasing access to the basic necessities of life. The essay’s first part illustrates the evolving commitment of research universities to develop ethical solutions for populations whose survival is at risk and whose quality of life is deeply impaired. The second part proposes a rationale for university responsibility to solve the problems of impoverished populations at a geographical remove. It also presents a framework for (...)
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  17. Eric Steinhart (2007). Survival as a Digital Ghost. Minds and Machines 17 (3):261 – 271.score: 16.0
    You can survive after death in various kinds of artifacts. You can survive in diaries, photographs, sound recordings, and movies. But these artifacts record only superficial features of yourself. We are already close to the construction of programs that partially and approximately replicate entire human lives (by storing their memories and duplicating their personalities). A digital ghost is an artificially intelligent program that knows all about your life. It is an animated auto-biography. It replicates your patterns of belief and desire. (...)
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  18. Rebecca Roache (2010). Fission, Cohabitation and the Concern for Future Survival. Analysis 70 (2):256-263.score: 15.0
    (No abstract is available for this citation).
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  19. Terence W. Penelhum (1959). Personal Identity, Memory, and Survival. Journal of Philosophy 56 (June):319-328.score: 15.0
  20. Jenefer M. Robinson (1988). Personal Identity and Survival. Journal of Philosophy 85 (June):319-28.score: 15.0
  21. Neil McKinnon & John C. Bigelow (2001). Parfit, Causation, and Survival. Philosophia 28 (1-4):467-476.score: 15.0
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  22. Scott Campbell (2001). Is Connectedess Necessary to What Matters in Survival? Ration 14 (3):193-202.score: 15.0
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  23. Nicholas Measor (1980). On What Matters in Survival. Mind 89 (3):406-11.score: 15.0
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  24. Marya Schechtman (2004). Personality and Persistence: The Many Faces of Personal Survival. American Philosophical Quarterly 41 (2):87-106.score: 15.0
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  25. L. Nathan Oaklander (1988). Shoemaker on the Duplication Argument, Survival, and What Matters. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 66 (June):234-239.score: 15.0
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  26. Douglas E. Ehring (1987). Survival and Trivial Facts. Analysis 47 (January):50-54.score: 15.0
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  27. Steve Matthews (2000). Survival and Separation. Philosophical Studies 98 (3):279-303.score: 15.0
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  28. John E. Pogue (1993). Identity, Survival, and the Reasonableness of Replication. Southern Journal of Philosophy 31 (1):45-70.score: 15.0
  29. R. Martin (1992). Self-Interest and Survival. American Philosophical Quarterly 29 (4):319-30.score: 15.0
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  30. Karen Bailie, Iain Dobie, Stephen Kirk & Michael Donnelly (2007). Survival After Breast Cancer Treatment: The Impact of Provider Volume. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (5):749-757.score: 15.0
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  31. Wei‐Chu Chie, Yi‐Hsin Chang & Hsiu‐Hsi Chen (2007). A Novel Method for Evaluation of Improved Survival Trend for Common Cancer: Early Detection or Improvement of Medical Care. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (1):79-85.score: 15.0
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  32. Li‐Sheng Chen, Ming‐Fang Yen, Hui‐Min Wu, Chao‐Sheng Liao, Der‐Ming Liou, Hsu‐Sung Kuo & Tony Hsiu‐Hsi Chen (2005). Predictive Survival Model with Time‐Dependent Prognostic Factors: Development of Computer‐Aided SAS Macro Program. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 11 (2):181-193.score: 15.0
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  33. Dhaval Ghelani, John L. Moran, Andy Sloggett, Richard J. Leeson & Sandra L. Peake (2009). Long‐Term Survival of Intensive Care and Hospital Patient Cohorts Compared with the General Australian Population: A Relative Survival Approach. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (3):425-435.score: 15.0
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  34. Ole Hagen (1992). Survival Through the Allais Paradox. Theory and Decision 32 (2):209-217.score: 15.0
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  35. Karla Hemming & Jane Luise Hutton (2012). Bayesian Sensitivity Models for Missing Covariates in the Analysis of Survival Data. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (2):238-246.score: 15.0
  36. Colin Luke, Grantley Gill, Stephen Birrell, Vlad Humeniuk, Martin Borg, Christos Karapetis, Bogda Koczwara, Ian Olver, Michael Penniment & Ken Pittman (2007). Treatment and Survival From Breast Cancer: The Experience of Patients at South Australian Teaching Hospitals Between 1977 and 2003. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (2):212-220.score: 15.0
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  37. John L. Moran, Andrew D. Bersten, Patricia J. Solomon, Cyrus Edibam & Tamara Hunt (2008). Modelling Survival in Acute Severe Illness: Cox Versus Accelerated Failure Time Models. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (1):83-93.score: 15.0
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  38. Adel Shahnam, David M. Roder, Elizabeth A. Tracey, Susan J. Neuhaus, Michael P. Brown & Michael J. Sorich (2014). Can Cancer Registries Show Whether Treatment is Contributing to Survival Increases for Melanoma of the Skin at a Population Level? Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (1):74-80.score: 15.0
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  39. Mark Vincent (2012). Cancer: A de‐Repression of a Default Survival Program Common to All Cells? Bioessays 34 (1):72-82.score: 15.0
  40. Alexander R. P. Walker & Karen E. Charlton (1999). Brief Communication: Evaluating Changes in Life Expectancy and Survival in the Elderly. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 5 (1):57-63.score: 15.0
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  41. Jenna Wong, Monica Taljaard, Alan J. Forster, Gabriel J. Escobar & Carl van Walraven (2013). Addition of Time‐Dependent Covariates to a Survival Model Significantly Improved Predictions for Daily Risk of Hospital Death. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (2):351-357.score: 15.0
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  42. Dean W. Zimmerman (1999). The Compatibility of Materialism and Survival. Faith and Philosophy 16 (2):194-212.score: 12.0
    It is not easy to be a materialist and yet believe that there is a way for human beings to survive death. Peter van Inwagen identifies the central obstacle the materialist faces: Namely, the need to posit appropriate “immanent-causal” connections between my body as it is at death and some living body elsewhere or elsewhen. I offer a proposal, consistent with van Inwagen’s own materialist metaphysics, for making materialism compatible with the possibility of survival.
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  43. Stephen E. Braude (2005). Personal Identity and Postmortem Survival. Social Philosophy and Policy 22 (2):226-249.score: 12.0
    The so-called “problem of personal identity” can be viewed as either a metaphysical or an epistemological issue. Metaphysicians want to know what it is for one individual to be the same person as another. Epistemologists want to know how to decide if an individual is the same person as someone else. These two problems converge around evidence from mediumship and apparent reincarnation cases, suggesting personal survival of bodily death and dissolution. These cases make us wonder how it might be (...)
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  44. Thérèse-Anne Druart (2000). The Human Soul's Individuation and its Survival After the Body's Death: Avicenna on the Causal Relation Between Body and Soul. Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 10 (2):259-273.score: 12.0
    As for Avicenna the human soul is a complete substance which does\nnot inhere in the body nor is imprinted in it, asserting its survival\nafter the death of the body seems easy. Yet, he needs the body to\nexplain its individuation. The paper analyzes Avicenna's arguments\nin the De anima sections, V, 3 and 4, of the Shifa' in order to explore\nthe exact causal relation there is between the human soul and its\nbody and confronts these arguments with relevant passages in the\nMetaphysics. It (...)
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  45. Mark T. Nelson (2010). Y and Z Are Not Off the Hook: The Survival Lottery Made Fairer. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (4):396-401.score: 12.0
    In this article I show that the argument in John Harris's famous "Survival Lottery" paper cannot be right. Even if we grant Harris's assumptions—of the justifiability of such a lottery, the correctness of maximizing consequentialism, the indistinguishability between killing and letting die, the practical and political feasibility of such a scheme—the argument still will not yield the conclusion that Harris wants. On his own terms, the medically needy should be less favored (and more vulnerable to being killed), than Harris (...)
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  46. Robert Williams, Indeterminate Survival.score: 12.0
    Most views of personal identity allow that sometimes, facts of personal identity can be borderline or indeterminate. Bernard Williams argued that regarding questions of one’s own survival as borderline “had no comprehensible representation” in one’s emotions and expectations. Whether this is the case, I will argue, depends crucially on what account of indeterminacy is presupposed.
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  47. Robert Shaw & Jeffrey Kinsella-Shaw (2007). The Survival Value of Informed Awareness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (1):137-154.score: 12.0
    Various hypotheses about the importance of psycho-neural concomitants are reviewed and their implications discussed for the 'easy' and 'hard' problems of consciousness -- especially, as viewed by cognitive and ecological psychology. In Ecological Psychology, where the subjective-objective dichotomy is repudiated, these concepts are without foundation, and are replaced by informed awareness, which is argued to play an important, perhaps, indispensable role in goal- directed actions and thus to have survival value. The significance of informed awareness is illustrated in several (...)
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  48. Raymond Martin (1998). Self-Concern: An Experiential Approach to What Matters in Survival. Cambridge University Press.score: 12.0
    This book is a major contribution to the philosophical literature on the nature of the self, personal identity, and survival. Its distinctive methodology is one that is phenomenologically descriptive rather than metaphysical and normative. On the basis of this approach Raymond Martin shows that the distinction between self and other is not nearly as fundamental a feature of our so-called egoistic values as has been traditionally thought. He explains how the belief in a self as a fixed, continuous point (...)
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  49. Herman Tennessen (1973). Knowledge Versus Survival. Inquiry 16 (1-4):407 – 414.score: 12.0
    Our biological survival is often taken as an argument in favour of the validity of our present conceptual scheme and cognitive frame of reference. A twofold counterargument is offered: (1) Given any notion of ?knowledge?, ?insight?, etc. within our present scheme, it is possible, even plausible, that such ?knowledge? and ?insight? be extended and perfected beyond what is beneficial to the survival of mankind; (2) The alleged link between survival and veridicality is not logical but contingent and (...)
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  50. C. Kenneth Waters (1986). Natural Selection Without Survival of the Fittest. Biology and Philosophy 1 (2):207-225.score: 12.0
    Susan Mills and John Beatty proposed a propensity interpretation of fitness (1979) to show that Darwinian explanations are not circular, but they did not address the critics' chief complaint that the principle of the survival of the fittest is either tautological or untestable. I show that the propensity interpretation cannot rescue the principle from the critics' charges. The critics, however, incorrectly assume that there is nothing more to Darwin's theory than the survival of the fittest. While Darwinians all (...)
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