Search results for 'Suzanne Fitzpatrick' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Suzanne Fitzpatrick & Sarah Johnsen (2009). The Use of Enforcement to Combat 'Street Culture' in England: An Ethical Approach? Ethics and Social Welfare 3 (3):284-302.score: 240.0
  2. Tony Fitzpatrick (2008). Applied Ethics and Social Problems: Moral Questions of Birth, Society and Death. Policy Press.score: 60.0
    "In Applied Ethics and Social Problems Tony Fitzpatrick presents introductions to the three most influential moral philosophies: consequentialism, Kantianism ...
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  3. Peter Fitzpatrick (2001). Modernism and the Grounds of Law. Cambridge University Press.score: 60.0
    Modern society takes on a civilized, secular solidity in its rejection of worlds contrary to it, worlds of the savage and the sacred. Yet, as Fitzpatrick shows, these are also worlds intrinsic to modernity itself. It is with the resulting fracture in modernity's self-creation that law now finds its grounds - grounds that match the varieties of modern nation, whether this be the territorially bounded nation or nation as universally oriented in such modes as imperialism, globalism and human rights. (...)
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  4. Jeanne Fitzpatrick (2010). A Better Way of Dying: How to Make the Best Choices at the End of Life. Penguin Books.score: 60.0
    Foreword -- Prologue -- Attorney Eileen Fitzpatrick -- Dr. Jeanne Fitzpatrick -- section 1. Death and dying in America -- 1. The need for change : the cautionary tale of Phyllis Shattuck -- Dr. Fitzpatrick tells Phyllis Shattuck's story -- Reflections -- How this book will help -- Lessons to learn -- New name, old concept -- 2. Your right to die -- Your right to die is born : the case of Karen Ann Quinlan -- The (...)
     
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  5. Simon Fitzpatrick (2009). The Primate Mindreading Controversy : A Case Study in Simplicity and Methodology in Animal Psychology. In Robert W. Lurz (ed.), The Philosophy of Animal Minds. Cambridge University Press. 224--246.score: 30.0
  6. William J. FitzPatrick (2009). Recent Work on Ethical Realism. Analysis 69 (4):746-760.score: 30.0
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  7. Simon Fitzpatrick (2013). Doing Away with the No Miracles Argument. In Dennis Dieks & Vassilios Karakostas (eds.), Recent Progress in Philosophy of Science: Perspectives and Foundational Problems. Springer.score: 30.0
    The recent debate surrounding scientific realism has largely focused on the “no miracles” argument (NMA). Indeed, it seems that most contemporary realists and anti-realists have tied the case for realism to the adequacy of this argument. I argue that it is mistake for realists to let the debate be framed in this way. Realists would be well advised to abandon the NMA altogether and pursue an alternative strategy, which I call the “local strategy”.
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  8. Simon Fitzpatrick (2014). Moral Realism, Moral Disagreement, and Moral Psychology. Philosophical Papers 43 (2):161-190.score: 30.0
    This paper considers John Doris, Stephen Stich, Alexandra Plakias, and colleagues’ recent attempts to utilize empirical studies of cross-cultural variation in moral judgment to support a version of the argument from disagreement against moral realism. Crucially, Doris et al. claim that the moral disagreements highlighted by these studies are not susceptible to the standard ‘diffusing’ explanations realists have developed in response to earlier versions of the argument. I argue that plausible hypotheses about the cognitive processes underlying ordinary moral judgment and (...)
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  9. William J. FitzPatrick (2005). The Practical Turn in Ethical Theory: Korsgaard's Constructivism, Realism, and the Nature of Normativity. Ethics 115 (4):651-691.score: 30.0
  10. William J. FitzPatrick (2009). Thomson's Turnabout on the Trolley. Analysis 69 (4):636-643.score: 30.0
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  11. William J. FitzPatrick (2003). Acts, Intentions, and Moral Permissibility: In Defence of the Doctrine of Double Effect. Analysis 63 (280):317–321.score: 30.0
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  12. William J. Fitzpatrick (2006). The Intend/Foresee Distinction and the Problem of “Closeness”. Philosophical Studies 128 (3):585 - 617.score: 30.0
    The distinction between harm that is intended as a means or end, and harm that is merely a foreseen side-effect of one’s action, is widely cited as a significant factor in a variety of ethical contexts. Many use it, for example, to distinguish terrorist acts from certain acts of war that may have similar results as side-effects. Yet Bennett and others have argued that its application is so arbitrary that if it can be used to cast certain harmful actions in (...)
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  13. Kathy Fitzpatrick & Candace Gauthier (2001). Toward a Professional Responsibility Theory of Public Relations Ethics. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 16 (2 & 3):193 – 212.score: 30.0
    This article contributes to the development of a professional responsibility theory of public relations ethics. Toward that end, we examine the roles of a public relations practitioner as a professional, an institutional advocate, and the public conscience of institutions served. In the article, we review previously suggested theories of public relations ethics and propose a new theory based on the public relations professional's dual obligations to serve client organizations and the public interest.
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  14. William J. FitzPatrick (2004). Reasons, Value, and Particular Agents: Normative Relevance Without Motivational Internalism. Mind 113 (450):285-318.score: 30.0
    While differing widely in other respects, both neo-Humean and neo-Kantian approaches to normativity embrace an internalist thesis linking reasons for acting to potential motivation. This thesis pushes in different directions depending on the underlying view of the powers of practical reason, but either way it sets the stage for an attack on realist attempts to ground reasons directly in facts about value. How can reasons that are not somehow grounded in motivational features of the agent nonetheless count as reasons for (...)
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  15. David Braddon-Mitchell & J. Fitzpatrick (1990). Explanation and the Language of Thought. Synthese 83 (1):3-29.score: 30.0
    In this paper we argue that the insistence by Fodor et. al. that the Language of Thought hypothesis must be true rests on mistakes about the kinds of explanations that must be provided of cognitive phenomena. After examining the canonical arguments for the LOT, we identify a weak version of the LOT hypothesis which we think accounts for some of the intuitions that there must be a LOT. We then consider what kinds of explanation cognitive phenomena require, and conclude that (...)
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  16. William J. FitzPatrick (2007). Climate Change and the Rights of Future Generations. Environmental Ethics 29 (4):369-388.score: 30.0
    Despite widespread agreement that we have moral responsibilities to future generations, many are reluctant to frame the issues in terms of justice and rights. There are indeed philosophical challenges here, particularly concerning nonoverlapping generations. They can, however, be met. For example, talk of justice and rights for future generations in connection with climate change is both appropriate and important, although it requires revising some common theoretical assumptions about the nature of justice and rights. We can, in fact, be bound by (...)
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  17. by William J. FitzPatrick (2008). Moral Responsibility and Normative Ignorance: Answering a New Skeptical Challenge. Ethics 118 (4):589-613.score: 30.0
  18. Simon Fitzpatrick (2013). Simplicity in the Philosophy of Science. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 30.0
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  19. William J. FitzPatrick (forthcoming). Debunking Evolutionary Debunking of Ethical Realism. Philosophical Studies:1-22.score: 30.0
    What implications, if any, does evolutionary biology have for metaethics? Many believe that our evolutionary background supports a deflationary metaethics, providing a basis at least for debunking ethical realism. Some arguments for this conclusion appeal to claims about the etiology of the mental capacities we employ in ethical judgment, while others appeal to the etiology of the content of our moral beliefs. In both cases the debunkers’ claim is that the causal roles played by evolutionary factors raise deep epistemic problems (...)
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  20. William J. FitzPatrick (2012). The Doctrine of Double Effect: Intention and Permissibility. Philosophy Compass 7 (3):183-196.score: 30.0
    The Doctrine of Double Effect (DDE) is an influential non-consequentialist principle positing a role for intention in affecting the moral permissibility of some actions. In particular, the DDE focuses on the intend/foresee distinction, the core claim being that it is sometimes permissible to bring about as a foreseen but unintended side-effect of one’s action some harm it would have been impermissible to aim at as a means or as an end, all else being equal. This article explores the meaning and (...)
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  21. Sheila Fitzpatrick (2007). Revisionism in Soviet History. History and Theory 46 (4):77–91.score: 30.0
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  22. John R. Fitzpatrick (2006). John Stuart Mill's Political Philosophy: Balancing Freedom and the Collective Good. Continuum.score: 30.0
    Utilitarianism and rights -- Libertarianism, classical economics and liberty -- Mill's minimalist ethics -- The Rawlsian objection.
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  23. William Joseph FitzPatrick (2000). Teleology and the Norms of Nature. Garland Pub..score: 30.0
    This work is an examination of teleological attributions (i.e. ascriptions of proper functions and natural ends) to the features and behavior of living things, with a view ultimately to understanding their application to human life and the significance they may or may not have for an understanding of human nature and values. The author argues that such teleological attributions do indeed apply to living things, including human beings, and that this sheds substantial light on what living things are; interestingly, it (...)
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  24. Simon Fitzpatrick (2008). Doing Away with Morgan’s Canon. Mind and Language 23 (2):224–246.score: 30.0
    Morgan’s Canon is a very widely endorsed methodological principle in animal psychology, believed to be vital for a rigorous, scientific approach to the study of animal cognition. In contrast I argue that Morgan’s Canon is unjustified, pernicious and unnecessary. I identify two main versions of the Canon and show that they both suffer from very serious problems. I then suggest an alternative methodological principle that captures all of the genuine methodological benefits that Morgan’s Canon can bring but suffers from none (...)
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  25. William J. FitzPatrick (2004). Totipotency and the Moral Status of Embryos: New Problems for an Old Argument. Journal of Social Philosophy 35 (1):108–122.score: 30.0
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  26. Tony Fitzpatrick (2008). From Contracts to Capabilities and Back Again. Res Publica 14 (2):83-100.score: 30.0
    It has been common for researchers and commentators within the discipline of Social and Public Policy to evoke Rawlsian theories of justice. Yet some now argue that the contractualist tradition cannot adequately incorporate, or account for, relations of care, respect and interdependency. Though contractualism has its flaws this article proposes that we should not reject it. Through a critique of one of its most esteemed critics, Martha Nussbaum, it proposes that contractualism can be defended against the capabilities approach she prefers. (...)
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  27. Simon Fitzpatrick (2013). Kelly on Ockham's Razor and Truth-Finding Efficiency. Philosophy of Science 80 (2):298-309.score: 30.0
    This paper discusses Kevin Kelly’s recent attempt to justify Ockham’s Razor in terms of truth-finding efficiency. It is argued that Kelly’s justification fails to warrant confidence in the empirical content of theories recommended by Ockham’s Razor. This is a significant problem if, as Kelly and many others believe, considerations of simplicity play a pervasive role in scientific reasoning, underlying even our best tested theories, for the proposal will fail to warrant the use of these theories in practical prediction.
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  28. William Fitzpatrick (2008). Robust Ethical Realism, Non-Naturalism, and Normativity. Oxford Studies in Metaethics 3:159-205.score: 30.0
  29. William J. FitzPatrick (2010). Thomson, Judith Jarvis . Normativity . Chicago: Open Court, 2008 . Pp. Ix+271. $27.97 (Paper). Ethics 120 (2):417-422.score: 30.0
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  30. William J. FitzPatrick (2012). Book Reviews Kitcher , Philip . The Ethical Project Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2011. Pp. 422. $49.95 (Cloth). [REVIEW] Ethics 123 (1):167-174.score: 30.0
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  31. F. J. Fitzpatrick (1981). The Onus of Proof in Arguments About the Problem of Evil. Religious Studies 17 (1):19 - 38.score: 30.0
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  32. Kathleen Fitzpatrick (2011). Peer-to-Peer Review and the Future of Scholarly Authority. Social Epistemology 24 (3):161-179.score: 30.0
    The nature of authority is shifting in online scholarly communication. This examination of the history and future of peer review argues that effective online communication requires the development of an open, community?oriented, post?publication system of peer?to?peer review, transforming peer review from a process focused on gatekeeping to one concerned with filtering the wealth of scholarly material made available via the Internet.
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  33. P. J. FitzPatrick (1966). To Gödel Via Babel. Mind 75 (299):332-350.score: 30.0
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  34. Peter Fitzpatrick (2005). Bare Sovereignty: Homo Sacer and the Insistence of Law. In Andrew Norris (ed.), Politics, Metaphysics, and Death: Essays on Giorgio Agamben's Homo Sacer. Duke University Press.score: 30.0
  35. William Fitzpatrick, Morality and Evolutionary Biology. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 30.0
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  36. Simon Fitzpatrick (2014). Distinguishing Between Three Versions of the Doctrine of Double Effect Hypothesis in Moral Psychology. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 5 (4):505-525.score: 30.0
    Based on the results of empirical studies of folk moral judgment, several researchers have claimed that something like the famous Doctrine of Double Effect may be a fundamental, albeit unconscious, component of human moral psychology. Proponents of this psychological DDE hypothesis have, however, said surprisingly little about how the distinction at the heart of standard formulations of the principle—the distinction between intended and merely foreseen consequences—might be cognised when we make moral judgments about people’s actions. I first highlight the problem (...)
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  37. P. J. FitzPatrick (1967). Errata: To Gödel Via Babel. Mind 76 (302):307.score: 30.0
    ‘To Gödel via Babel’, MIND, July 1966.In (1), the last clause should read: ‘then the GN of the resulting P-sentence is x100.y’ In (21), the expression in Roman numerals should read: ‘$$Y.\frac{\hbox{ L }Y}{\hbox{ XIX }}$$’ In (25) and (27), the expression in Roman numerals should read: ‘$${(\hbox{ C }}^{\hbox{ XVII }}.\hbox{ D })\hbox{ . }\frac{\hbox{ L }\left({\hbox{ C }}^{\hbox{ XVII }}.\hbox{ D }\right)}{\hbox{ XIX }}$$’.
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  38. Kathy R. Fitzpatrick (2002). From Enforcement to Education: The Development of Prsa's Member Code of Ethics 2000. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 17 (2):111 – 135.score: 30.0
    The Public Relations Society of America's (PRSA) Member Code of Ethics 2000 assumes professional standing for PRSA members, emphasizes public relations' advocacy role, and stresses education rather than enforcement as key to improving industry standards. Code development involved more than 2 years of research and writing and the counsel of outside ethics experts. In this article I review the code development process, providing an insider's perspective on the ethics initiative.
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  39. Tony Hope, Jacinta Tan, Anne Stewart & Ray Fitzpatrick (2011). Anorexia Nervosa and the Language of Authenticity. Hastings Center Report 41 (6):19-29.score: 30.0
    It feels like there’s two of you inside—like there’s another half of you, which is my anorexia, and then there’s the real K [own name], the real me, the logic part of me, and it’s a constant battle between the two. The anorexia almost does become part of you, and so in order to get it out of you I think you do have to kind of hurt you in the process. I think it’s almost inevitable. We came to the (...)
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  40. Vanya Kovach & John Fitzpatrick (1999). Resolutions. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 77 (2):161 – 173.score: 30.0
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  41. Kathy R. Fitzpatrick (2002). Evolving Standards in Public Relations: A Historical Examination of Prsa's Codes of Ethics. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 17 (2):89 – 110.score: 30.0
    The Public Relations Society of America (PRSA) adopted its first code of ethics in 1950, 2 years after PRSA was formed. During the next 50 years, the code was revised and updated several times to keep pace with industry practices and increased expectations for ethical performance. In 2000 a new code was adopted to heighten awareness of ethical issues and address concerns regarding code enforcement. In this article I trace the 50-year evolution of PRSA's codes of ethics and related code-enforcement (...)
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  42. Ray Fitzpatrick (1999). Principles and Problems in the Assessment of Quality of Life in Health Care. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 2 (1):37-46.score: 30.0
    A remarkable surge in efforts to assess the quality of life of patients has occurred in recent years in medical research. Philosophical discussions of these developments have focused, on the one hand, on epistemological reservations about the plausibility of measuring quality of life and, on the other hand, on moral and ethical qualms about the meaning of life conveyed in such assessments. Whilst providing an important note of caution, such critiques fail to recognise two basic principles of quality of life (...)
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  43. R. Fitzpatrick (1996). The International Assessment of Health-Related Quality of Life: Theory, Translation, Measurement and Analysis. Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (4):248-249.score: 30.0
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  44. Simon Fitzpatrick (forthcoming). Nativism, Empiricism, and Ockham’s Razor. Erkenntnis:1-28.score: 30.0
    This paper discusses the role that appeals to theoretical simplicity (or parsimony) have played in the debate between nativists and empiricists in cognitive science. Both sides have been keen to make use of such appeals in defence of their respective positions about the structure and ontogeny of the human mind. Focusing on the standard simplicity argument employed by empiricist-minded philosophers and cognitive scientists—what I call “the argument for minimal innateness”—I identify various problems with such arguments—in particular, the apparent arbitrariness of (...)
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  45. William J. FitzPatrick (2014). Skepticism About Naturalizing Normativity: In Defense of Ethical Nonnaturalism. Res Philosophica 91 (4):559-588.score: 30.0
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  46. William J. Fitzpatrick (2004). Valuing Nature Non-Instrumentally. Journal of Value Inquiry 38 (3):315-332.score: 30.0
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  47. Jacinta Tan, Anne Stewart, Ray Fitzpatrick & R. A. Hope (2007). Competence to Make Treatment Decisions in Anorexia Nervosa: Thinking Processes and Values. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 13 (4):267-282.score: 30.0
  48. R. Fitzpatrick (1981). Caring and Curing: A Philosophy of Medicine and Social Work. Journal of Medical Ethics 7 (4):213-213.score: 30.0
  49. William J. FitzPatrick (2008). Moral Responsibility and Normative Ignorance: Answering a New Skeptical Challenge. Ethics 118 (4):589-613.score: 30.0
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  50. Michael Fitzpatrick (2013). The Metaphysics of Evolution: Against Ted Sider's “Against Parthood”. Process Studies 42 (2):254-282.score: 30.0
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