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  1. Sven Ove Hansson, Fallacies of Risk.
    discussions of risk contain logical and argumentative fallacies that are specific to the subject-matter. Ten such fallacies are identified, that can commonly be found in public debates on risk. They are named as follows: the sheer size fallacy, the converse sheer size fallacy, the fallacy of naturalness, the ostrich's fallacy, the proof-seeking fallacy, the delay fallacy, the technocratic fallacy, the consensus fallacy, the fallacy of pricing, and the infallability fallacy.
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  2. Sven Ove Hansson, Latinska Fraser Som Är Vanliga I Filosofiska Texter.
    Inom hakparentes anges den ordagranna betydelsen, när denna skiljer sig mycket från frasens gängse filosofiska innebörd. På tre- och fler-staviga ord har har ett accenttecken satts in före den betonade vokalen. (Tvåstaviga latinska ord har alltid betoningen på första stavelsen.).
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  3. Sven Ove Hansson, Seven Myths of Risk.
    The purpose of this presentation is to introduce both the concept of risk and the precautionary principle, that is a major policy principle in present-day risk management. Since risk has been the subject of many misconceptions I will do this in large part by criticizing seven views on risk that I believe to have caused considerable confusion both among scientists and policy-makers. But before looking at the seven myths of risk, let us begin with the basic issue of defining “risk”. (...)
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  4. Sven Ove Hansson, The Dual Nature of Technological Concepts.
    Value statements can be divided into three major groups according to how their criteria of evaluation are specified. The first of these groups consists of those value statements that are unspecified with respect to the criteria of evaluation. Here is one example: Her decision was very good. The second group consists of the viewpoint-specified value statements. In these value statements, an explicit point of view is given, from which the evaluation is made. We often use adverbs such as “morally”, “aesthetically” (...)
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  5. Sven Ove Hansson, Teknik Och Etik.
    Avdelningen för Filosofi, Institutionen för Filosofi och Teknikhistoria, KTH, Stockholm. Detta dokument får tills vidare fritt användas och kopieras.
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  6. Sven Ove Hansson & I. I. I. Carmen, Konsten Att Vara Vetenskaplig.
    Förord .................................................................................................... ............... 4 1 Vilken kunskap vill vi ha?................................................................................ 6..
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  7. Sven Ove Hansson, Att Publicera I Internationella Tidskrifter.
    Som de första vetenskapliga tidskrifterna brukar man räkna den franska Journal des Sça- vants och den engelska Philosophical Transactions, som båda började ges ut år 1665. Redan under dessa tidskrifters första årtionden skaffade sig redaktörerna vanan att ta hjälp av experter inom olika områden med att granska manuskript. Detta system har sedan dess kommit att utvecklas och systematiseras, och kallas med en svåröversättlig engelsk term ”peer review”. Termen anger att manuskripten granskas av experter inom sitt specialområde. Dessa experter, som kallas (...)
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  8. Sven Ove Hansson, Kan Moralfilosofin Hantera Riskproblemen?
    Den moralfilosofiska traditionen har sina begränsningar. De frågor som stått i centrum för den moralfilosofiska diskussionen har ofta varit helt andra än de som människor i det praktiska livet har uppfattat som centrala moraliska problem. En viktig begränsning är att moralfilosofin, liksom beslutsteorin, nästan uteslutande har handlat om hur man hanterar välavgränsade problem där handlingsalternativen är givna. I det verkliga livet löser vi ofta moraliska problem genom att finna på nya handlingsalternativ, som inte fanns med från början.1 En annan begränsning (...)
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  9. Sven Ove Hansson, Är Nollvisionen Irrationell?
    EKONOMEN: Nej, det vi alla borde enas om är i stället att göra en rationell avvägning mellan olika samhällsmål. Vi har i själva verket genomfört flera mycket avancerade forskningsprojekt inom det nya området contingent valuation of violence, CVV. På grundval av noggranna analyser har vi t ex konstaterat att en våldtäkt bör värderas som en kostnad av 1237000 kronor, räknat i penningvärdet den 1 juli 2001.
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  10. Sven Ove Hansson, Semantics for More Plausible Deontic Logics.
    In order to avoid the paradoxes of standard deontic logic, we have to give up the semantic construction that identifies obligatory status with presence in all elements of a subset of the set of possible worlds. It is proposed that deontic logic should instead be based on a preference relation, according to the principle that whatever is better than something permitted is itself permitted. Close connections hold between the logical properties of a preference relation and those of the deontic logics (...)
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  11. Sven Ove Hansson, Ten Philosophical Problems in Belief Revision.
    The paper introduces ten open problems in belief revision theory, related to the representation of the belief state, to different notions of degrees of belief, and to the nature of change operations. It is argued that these problems are all issues in philosopical logic, in the strong sense of requiring inputs from both logic and philosophy for their solution.
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  12. Sven Ove Hansson (forthcoming). Editorial: A Dialogue on Definitions. Theoria.
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  13. Sven Ove Hansson (forthcoming). Editorial: A Dialogue on Logic. Theoria.
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  14. Sven Ove Hansson (forthcoming). Editorial: Philosophical Schools. Theoria.
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  15. Sven Ove Hansson (forthcoming). Editorial: Rationality and Emotions. Theoria.
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  16. Sven Ove Hansson (forthcoming). Editorial: Why Philosophize in English? Theoria.
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  17. Sven Ove Hansson (forthcoming). Index of Swedish Theses in Philosophy 1997-2006. Theoria.
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  18. Sven Ove Hansson (2014). Beyond “Experimental Philosophy”. Theoria 80 (1):1-3.
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  19. Sven Ove Hansson (2014). Descriptor Revision. Studia Logica 102 (5):955-980.
    A descriptor is a set of sentences that are truth-functional combinations of expressions of the form \({\mathfrak{B}p}\) , where \({\mathfrak{B}}\) is a metalinguistic belief predicate and p a sentence in the object language in which beliefs are expressed. Descriptor revision (denoted \({\circ}\) ) is an operation of belief change that takes us from a belief set K to a new belief set \({K \circ \Psi}\) where \({\Psi}\) is a descriptor representing the success condition. Previously studied operations of belief change are (...)
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  20. Sven Ove Hansson (2014). Making Road Traffic Safer: Reply to Ori. Philosophical Papers 43 (3):365-375.
    In order to reduce the death toll of road traffic it is necessary to focus on how vehicles and roads can be improved. Like other dangerous machines, motor vehicles should be equipped with safety devices that prevent mistakes by the operator from leading to serious consequences. Speed limiters that prevent driving at illegal speeds would save many lives, and so would alcohol interlocks. Meshi Ori's proposal that most cars should be replaced by motorcycles would not lead to the moral improvement (...)
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  21. Sven Ove Hansson (2014). Philosophy and Linguistic Relativity. Theoria 80 (3):201-204.
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  22. Sven Ove Hansson (2014). Predatory Open Access. Theoria 80 (4):289-291.
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  23. Sven Ove Hansson (2014). Swedish Theses in Philosophy 2013. Theoria 80 (3):269-271.
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  24. Sven Ove Hansson (2014). The Moral Oracle's Test. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17 (4):643-651.
    When presented with a situation involving an agent’s choice between alternative actions, a moral oracle says what the agent is allowed to do. The oracle bases her advice on some moral theory, but the nature of that theory is not known by us. The moral oracle’s test consists in determining whether a series of questions to the oracle can be so constructed that her answers will reveal which of two given types of theories she adheres to. The test can be (...)
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  25. Sven Ove Hansson (2014). The Normative Stance. Theoria 80 (2):113-115.
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  26. Sven Ove Hansson (2013). Blockage Contraction. Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (2):415-442.
    Blockage contraction is an operation of belief contraction that acts directly on the outcome set, i.e. the set of logically closed subsets of the original belief set K that are potential contraction outcomes. Blocking is represented by a binary relation on the outcome set. If a potential outcome X blocks another potential outcome Y, and X does not imply the sentence p to be contracted, then Y ≠ K ÷ p. The contraction outcome K ÷ p is equal to the (...)
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  27. Sven Ove Hansson (2013). Bootstrap Contraction. Studia Logica 101 (5):1013-1029.
    We can often specify how we would contract by a certain sentence by saying that this contraction would coincide with some other contraction that we know how to perform. We can for instance clarify that our contraction by p&q would coincide with our contraction by p, or by q, or by {p, q}. In a framework where the set of potential outcomes is known, some contractions are “self-evident” in the sense that there is only one serious candidate that can be (...)
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  28. Sven Ove Hansson (2013). Beyond Language: Using Logic to Introduce New Philosophical Distinctions. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 8 (3):498-506.
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  29. Sven Ove Hansson (2013). Formal Philosophy – A Guarded Defence. Theoria 79 (4):287-289.
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  30. Sven Ove Hansson (2013). Hilary Putnam – Rolf Schock Prize Laureate. Theoria 79 (3):189-189.
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  31. Sven Ove Hansson (2013). Maximal and Perimaximal Contraction. Synthese 190 (16):3325-3348.
    Generalizations of partial meet contraction are introduced that start out from the observation that only some of the logically closed subsets of the original belief set are at all viable as contraction outcomes. Belief contraction should proceed by selection among these viable options. Several contraction operators that are based on such selection mechanisms are introduced and then axiomatically characterized. These constructions are more general than the belief base approach. It is shown that partial meet contraction is exactly characterized by adding (...)
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  32. Sven Ove Hansson (2013). Outcome Level Analysis of Belief Contraction. Review of Symbolic Logic 6 (2):183-204.
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  33. Sven Ove Hansson (2013). Philosophy and Intercultural Dialogue. Theoria 79 (2):93-95.
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  34. Sven Ove Hansson (2013). Repertoire Contraction. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 22 (1):1-21.
    The basic assumption of repertoire contraction is that only some of the logically closed subsets of the original belief set are viable as contraction outcomes. Contraction takes the form of choosing directly among these viable outcomes, rather than among cognitively more far-fetched objects such as possible worlds or maximal consistent subsets of the original belief set. In this first investigation of repertoire contraction, postulates for various variants of the operation are introduced. Necessary and sufficient conditions are given for when repertoire (...)
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  35. Sven Ove Hansson (2013). Swedish Theses in Philosophy 2012. Theoria 79 (3):284-286.
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  36. Sven Ove Hansson (2013). Ten Commandments for Journal Referees. Theoria 79 (3):187-188.
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  37. Sven Ove Hansson (2013). Welcome to Philosophyland. Theoria 79 (1):1-7.
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  38. Sven Ove Hansson & Karin Joelsson (2013). Crop Biotechnology for the Environment? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (4):759-770.
    In public debates, agricultural biotechnology is almost invariably discussed as a potential threat to the environment and to human health. Without downplaying the risks associated with this technology we emphasize that if properly regulated, it can be a forceful tool to solve environmental problems and promote human health. Agricultural biotechnology can reduce environmental problems in at least three ways: it can diminish the need for environmentally damaging agricultural practices such as pesticides, fertilizers, tillage, and irrigation. It can reduce the land (...)
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  39. Sven Ove Hansson (2012). De-Marginalizing the Philosophy of Technology. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 16 (2):89-93.
    Five examples are given of major philosophical discussions in which technology needs to be taken into account. In the philosophy of science, the notion of mechanism has a central role. It has a technological origin, and its interpretation has links to technology. In the philosophy of mind, a series of technological analogues have had a deep influence on our understanding of human cognition: automata and watches, telegraphy and telephony, and most recently computers. The discussion on free will largely concerns, in (...)
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  40. Sven Ove Hansson (2012). Finite Contractions on Infinite Belief Sets. Studia Logica 100 (5):907-920.
    Contractions on belief sets that have no finite representation cannot be finite in the sense that only a finite number of sentences is removed. However, such contractions can be delimited so that the actual change takes place in a logically isolated, finite-based part of the belief set. A construction that answers to this principle is introduced, and is axiomatically characterized. It turns out to coincide with specified meet contraction.
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  41. Sven Ove Hansson (2012). From Latin to Linguistic Confusion to English: Language Shifts in Philosophy. Theoria 78 (1):1-5.
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  42. Sven Ove Hansson (2012). Global and Iterated Contraction and Revision: An Exploration of Uniform and Semi-Uniform Approaches. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophical Logic 41 (1):143-172.
    In order to clarify the problems of iterated (global) belief change it is useful to study simple cases, in particular consecutive contractions by sentences that are both logically and epistemically independent. Models in which the selection mechanism is kept constant are much more plausible in this case than what they are in general. One such model, namely uniform specified meet contraction, has the advantage of being closely connected with the AGM model. Its properties seem fairly adequate for the intended type (...)
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  43. Sven Ove Hansson (2012). Philosophy and Public Policy. Theoria 78 (2):89-92.
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  44. Sven Ove Hansson (2012). Progress in Philosophy? A Dialogue. Theoria 78 (3):181-185.
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  45. Sven Ove Hansson (2012). Precision in Philosophy. Theoria 78 (4):273-275.
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  46. Sven Ove Hansson (2012). Risk Analysis. In Jan Kyrre Berg Olsen Friis, Stig Andur Pedersen & Vincent F. Hendricks (eds.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Technology. Wiley-Blackwell.
     
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  47. Sven Ove Hansson (2012). Swedish Theses in Philosophy 2011. Theoria 78 (3):177-180.
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  48. Sven Ove Hansson (2012). Technology, Prosperity and Risk. In Jan Kyrre Berg Olsen Friis, Stig Andur Pedersen & Vincent F. Hendricks (eds.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Technology. Wiley-Blackwell.
     
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  49. Neelke Doorn & Sven Ove Hansson (2011). Should Probabilistic Design Replace Safety Factors? Philosophy and Technology 24 (2):151-168.
    Should Probabilistic Design Replace Safety Factors? Content Type Journal Article Pages 151-168 DOI 10.1007/s13347-010-0003-6 Authors Neelke Doorn, Department of Technology, Policy and Management, Delft University of Technology, PO Box 5015, 2600 GA Delft, The Netherlands Sven Ove Hansson, Department of Philosophy and the History of Technology, Royal Institute of Technology, Teknikringen 78 B, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden Journal Philosophy & Technology Online ISSN 2210-5441 Print ISSN 2210-5433 Journal Volume Volume 24 Journal Issue Volume 24, Number 2.
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  50. Neelke Doorn & Sven Ove Hansson (2011). Should Safety Factors Replace Probabilistic Design? Philosophy and Technology 24 (2):151-168.
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