Search results for 'Symbolic technology' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Peter Woelert (2012). Idealization and External Symbolic Storage: The Epistemic and Technical Dimensions of Theoretic Cognition. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 11 (3):335-366.score: 92.0
    This paper explores some of the constructive dimensions and specifics of human theoretic cognition, combining perspectives from (Husserlian) genetic phenomenology and distributed cognition approaches. I further consult recent psychological research concerning spatial and numerical cognition. The focus is on the nexus between the theoretic development of abstract, idealized geometrical and mathematical notions of space and the development and effective use of environmental cognitive support systems. In my discussion, I show that the evolution of the theoretic cognition of space apparently follows (...)
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  2. Peter Woelert (2013). Technology, Knowledge, Governance: The Political Relevance of Husserl's Critique of the Epistemic Effects of Formalization. Continental Philosophy Review 46 (4):487-507.score: 90.0
    This paper explores the political import of Husserl’s critical discussion of the epistemic effects of the formalization of rational thinking. More specifically, it argues that this discussion is of direct relevance to make sense of the pervasive processes of ‘technization’, that is, of a mechanistic and superficial generation and use of knowledge, to be observed in current contexts of governance. Building upon Husserl’s understanding of formalization as a symbolic technique for abstraction in the thinking with and about numbers, I (...)
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  3. Joseph K. Cosgrove (2008). Simone Weil's Spiritual Critique of Modern Science: An Historical-Critical Assessment. Zygon 43 (2):353-370.score: 60.0
    Simone Weil is widely recognized today as one of the profound religious thinkers of the twentieth century. Yet while her interpretation of natural science is critical to Weil's overall understanding of religious faith, her writings on science have received little attention compared with her more overtly theological writings. The present essay, which builds on Vance Morgan's Weaving the World: Simone Weil on Science, Necessity, and Love (2005), critically examines Weil's interpretation of the history of science. Weil believed that mathematical science, (...)
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  4. John Kadvany (2010). Indistinguishable From Magic: Computation is Cognitive Technology. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 20 (1):119-143.score: 54.0
    Abstract This paper explains how mathematical computation can be constructed from weaker recursive patterns typical of natural languages. A thought experiment is used to describe the formalization of computational rules, or arithmetical axioms, using only orally-based natural language capabilities, and motivated by two accomplishments of ancient Indian mathematics and linguistics. One accomplishment is the expression of positional value using versified Sanskrit number words in addition to orthodox inscribed numerals. The second is Panini’s invention, around<br>the fifth century BCE, of a formal (...)
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  5. Wang Xueming (ed.) (2009). Luo Ji Xue Ji Qi Ying Yong Yan Jiu: Di Si Jie Quan Guo Luo Ji Xi Tong Zhi Neng Ke Xue Yu Xin Xi Ke Xue Xue Shu Hui Yi Lun Wen Ji. Gui Zhou Min Zu Chu Ban She.score: 48.0
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  6. Tsjalling Swierstra, Rinie van Est & Marianne Boenink (2009). Taking Care of the Symbolic Order. How Converging Technologies Challenge Our Concepts. Nanoethics 3 (3):269-280.score: 44.0
    In this article we briefly summarize how converging technologies challenge elements of the existing symbolic order, as shown in the contributions to this special issue. We then identify the vision of ‘life as a do it yourself kit’ as a common denominator in the various forms of convergence and proceed to show how this vision provokes unrest and debate about existing moral frameworks and taboos. We conclude that, just as the problems of the (...)
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  7. Paul M. Livingston, Heidegger on Information Technology.score: 42.0
    My aim in this paper is to begin a discussion about how, and to what extent, Martin Heidegger’s thinking about technology offers helpful critical terms for thinking about the nature and global sway of today’s most dominant and prevalent forms of technology, namely the interrelated technologies of information, communication, and (capitalist) commerce. My suggestion will be that Heidegger’s thought does indeed have implications for critical thinking about these technologies, but that in order to see how it does, we (...)
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  8. Yaron Ezrahi (1992). Technology and the Civil Epistemology of Democracy. Inquiry 35 (3 & 4):363 – 376.score: 42.0
    In analogy with Rousseau's concept of ?civil religion? as a system of ?positive dogmas?, ?without which?, as he observed, ?a man cannot be a good citizen?, this paper advances the concept of ?civil epistemology? as the positive dogmas without which the agents of government actions cannot be held accountable by democratic citizens. The civil epistemology of democracy shapes the citizen's views on the nature of political reality, on how the facts of political reality can be known and by whom. Modern (...)
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  9. Babak Sohrabi, Aryan Gholipour & Neda Mohammadesmaeili (2011). Effects of Personality and Information Technology on Plagiarism: An Iranian Perspective. Ethics and Behavior 21 (5):367 - 379.score: 42.0
    Information technology has played a remarkably important role in developing the contemporary educational system. It not only provides easy access to enormous stores of information but also increases students' scientific efficiency. However, the availability of this technology has also led to increased plagiarism. This study attempted to explore how access to Internet technology contributes to plagiarism problems from the perspective of university students in Iran. A qualitative method to semistructured interviews with 20 students suggested important themes: uncertainty (...)
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  10. Thomas Engel & Ulrike Henckel (2008). Human Beings, Technology and the Idea of Man. Poiesis and Praxis 5 (3-4):249-263.score: 42.0
    Since ancient times philosophy has dealt with the relation between technology and man. Nowadays this is especially true in the context of the philosophy of technology. Technology is interpreted as an anthropological constant to construct an environment in which man can survive. Acting in the field of technology is to act rationally with a purpose, i.e., in the framework of a means-end relation, and it is employed for coping with experiences (Widerfahrnisse) by means of using tools. (...)
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  11. Camilla K. Gilmore, Shannon E. McCarthy & Elizabeth S. Spelke, Symbolic Arithmetic Knowledge Without Instruction.score: 42.0
    Symbolic arithmetic is fundamental to science, technology and economics, but its acquisition by children typically requires years of effort, instruction and drill1,2. When adults perform mental arithmetic, they activate nonsymbolic, approximate number representations3,4, and their performance suffers if this nonsymbolic system is impaired5. Nonsymbolic number representations also allow adults, children, and even infants to add or subtract pairs of dot arrays and to compare the resulting sum or difference to a third array, provided that only approximate accuracy is (...)
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  12. Seung-Hoon Jeong (2013). A Global Cinematic Zone of Animal and Technology. Angelaki 18 (1):139-157.score: 42.0
    Taking the animal and the machine as two ontological others of the human, this paper looks into how they ?are added to? and ?replace? the humanist others based on race, gender, class, etc. in contemporary cinema. This ?supplement? urges us to reframe identity politics and cultural studies in a larger ?polis? emerging between and encompassing both the human world, which becomes ever more globally homogenized, and its radical environment, natural or technological. The topic is a global cinematic phenomenon that even (...)
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  13. Derek Partridge (1987). Human Decision Making & the Symbolic Search Space Paradigm in AI. AI and Society 1 (2):103-114.score: 42.0
    In this paper I shall describe the symbolic search space paradigm which is the dominant model for most of AI. Coupled with the mechanisms of logic it yields the predominant methodology underlying expert systems which are the most successful application of AI technology to date. Human decision making, more precisely, expert human decision making is the function that expert systems aspire to emulate, if not surpass.Expert systems technology has not yet proved to be a decisive success — (...)
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  14. Heidi Schelhowe (1993). Gender Symbolism and Changes in Lifeworld Through Information Technology. AI and Society 7 (4):358-367.score: 42.0
    The starting point of many feminist studies on information technology is the question of how to create equal access to the computer and computer science for women. This question has raised further more profound questions concerning the computer and its effects on the relationship between the sexes.In my contribution, I will firstly look at those symbolic constructions whichgenderise this technology itself and the ways of handling it. Secondly, I will look into how information technology influences the (...)
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  15. Jennifer A. Parks (2010). Care Ethics and the Global Practice of Commercial Surrogacy. Bioethics 24 (7):333-340.score: 36.0
    This essay will focus on the moral issues relating to surrogacy in the global context, and will critique the liberal arguments that have been offered in support of it. Liberal arguments hold sway concerning reproductive arrangements made between commissioning couples from wealthy nations and the surrogates from socioeconomically weak backgrounds that they hire to do their reproductive labor. My argument in this paper is motivated by a concern for controlling harms by putting the practice of globalized commercial surrogacy into the (...)
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  16. Sheryl Brahnam (2012). To Hear—to Say: The Mediating Presence of the Healing Witness. [REVIEW] AI and Society 27 (1):53-90.score: 36.0
    Illness and trauma challenge self-narratives. Traumatized individuals, unable to speak about their experiences, suffer in isolation. In this paper, I explore Kristeva’s theories of the speaking subject and signification, with its symbolic and semiotic modalities, to understand how a person comes to speak the unspeakable. In discussing the origin of the speaking subject, Kristeva employs Plato’s chora (related to choreo , “to make room for”). The chora reflects the mother’s preparation of the child’s entry into language and forms an (...)
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  17. Luis Alberto Verdugo Torres (2010). Jean Baudrillard y la pérdida de ilusión estética. El desarrollo de un pensamiento apocalíptico. Logos 17:189-205.score: 36.0
    The present article exposes the reasons which Jean Baudrillard says that it there is a loss of aesthetic illusion in the art-object of the simulation. Those reasons would prevent to the new artistic piece the chance to generate a symbolic level and it would lead to disappearance of the art. That is the reason which Baudrillard’s thought is designated apocalyptic. The article’s hypothesis is that the loss of aesthetic illusion announced by Baudrillard can be understood analyzing the way in (...)
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  18. Frederick H. Buttel (1993). Ideology and Agricultural Technology in the Late Twentieth Century: Biotechnology as Symbol and Substance. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 10 (2):5-15.score: 32.0
    The significance of biotechnology in agriculture during the late twentieth century has been as much in the realm of symbol and ideology as in its political economy. The ideological roots of biotechnology are long historical ones. The ideology of “productivism,” which was codified during mid-century out of a coincidence of interest among experiment stations, USDA, Congress, agribusiness, and agricultural commodity groups, has encountered numerous challenges since the 1970s. One of the major responses to the crisis of productionism was to forge (...)
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  19. IngF Wiznerowicz (1987). Symbol, Technology, Language. Essays 1927–33. Philosophy and History 20 (2):114-115.score: 30.0
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  20. Creso Sá, Andrew Kretz & Kristjan Sigurdson (2013). Techno-Nationalism and the Construction of University Technology Transfer. Minerva 51 (4):443-464.score: 30.0
    Our historical study of Canada’s main research university illuminates the overlooked influence of national identities and interests as forces shaping the institutionalization of technology transfer. Through the use of archival sources we trace the rise and influence of Canadian technological nationalism—a response to Canada’s perceived dependency on the United States’ science and technology. Technological nationalism provided a symbol for producing a shared understanding of the desirability and appropriateness of technology transfer that legitimated the commercial activities of university (...)
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  21. Iulia Grad (2014). Religion, Advertising and Production of Meaning. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 13 (38):137-154.score: 28.0
    An important part of the world we live in is represented by symbols, and mediated images and mass media are the main sources of the symbolic material used in the process of shaping the postmodern self. The cultural industry and the communication technology are growing rapidly and they capture important areas located until recently under the tutelage of traditional social institutions such as the family or the church. If we think of the contemporary society in terms of the (...)
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  22. Claire Colebrook (2006). Deleuze: A Guide for the Perplexed. Continuum.score: 24.0
    Cinema, thought and time -- Deleuze's cinema books -- Technology -- Essences -- Space and time -- Bergson, time, and life -- The movement-image -- The history of time and space and the history of cinema -- The movement-image and semiotics -- Styles of sign -- The whole of movement -- Image and life -- Becoming-inhuman, becoming imperceptible -- The deduction of the movement-image -- Art and time -- Destruction of the sensory motor apparatus and the spiritual automaton -- (...)
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  23. Jean-Pierre Dupuy (2010). The Narratology of Lay Ethics. Nanoethics 4 (2):153-170.score: 24.0
    The five narratives identified by the DEEPEN-project are interpreted in terms of the ancient story of desire, evil, and the sacred, and the modern narratives of alienation and exploitation. The first three narratives of lay ethics do not take stock of what has radically changed in the modern world under the triple and joint evolution of science, religion, and philosophy. The modern narratives, in turn, are in serious need of a post-modern deconstruction. Both critiques express the limits of humanism. They (...)
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  24. Jean Baudrillard (2005). The Intelligence of Evil or the Lucidity Pact. Berg.score: 24.0
    There are few philosophers today cool enough to be referenced in the Matrix , interesting enough to be mentioned on Six Feet Under , and popular enough to get over 606,000 hits on Google. Jean Baudrillard has succeeded in all of this and more. Now, in his latest book, Baudrillard presents his most popular themes--symbolic exchange, hyper-reality, technology and war--and applies them to the current global conflict between "the West and the Rest", including Islam. Ultimately, it is not (...)
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  25. Francisco J. Ayala (2010). The Biological Foundations of Ethics. Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 66 (3):523 - 537.score: 24.0
    Erect posture and large brain are two of the most significant anatomical traits that distinguish us from nonhuman primates. But humans are also different from chimpanzees and other animals, and no less importantly, in their behavior, both as individuals and socially. Distinctive human behavioral attributes include tool-making and technology; abstract thinking, categorizing, and reasoning; symbolic (creative) language; self-awareness and death-awareness; science, literature, and art; legal codes, ethics and religion; complex social organization and political institutions. These traits may all (...)
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  26. Anna Rita Sartore & Edna Cristina do Prado (2013). Tecnologias virtuais na educação incidindo no universo simbólico do professor // Digital technologies in education and the teacher's symbolic universe. Conjectura: Filosofia E Educação 18.score: 24.0
    O presenta artigo se constitui em um estudo interpretativo a respeito dos efeitos da inserção maciça de tecnologias conectadas à rede mundial de computadores, em nossa cultura. Celebradas a ponto de se alastrarem como objeto de desejo por toda a parte, essas tecnologias, sobretudo as mídias móveis, têm se tornado ubíquas e não há um único segmento da sociedade que não tenha sido tocado por essa inserção. A educação formal em nosso país, por meio de políticas públicas como o Programa (...)
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  27. Kimmo Sarje (2011). Façades and Functions Sigurd Frosterus as a Critic of Architecture. Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 22 (40-41).score: 24.0
    Alongside his work as a practising architect, Sigurd Frosterus (1876–1956) was one of Finland’s leading architectural critics during the first decades of the 20th century. In his early life, Frosterus was a strict rationalist who wanted to develop architecture towards scientific ideals instead of historical, archaeological, or mythological approaches. According to him, an architect had to analyse his tasks of construction in order to be able to logically justify his solutions, and he must take advantage of the possibilities of the (...)
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  28. Maximiliano E. Korstanje (2010). Ironman. Cultura 7 (2):188-203.score: 24.0
    Centered in the analysis of discourse over films, the present work debates the general drawing of the film IRONMAN and its connection of Muslim terrorism. Ourmain thesis is that globalization plays a pervasive role since at a first glance homogenizes the domination of technology, economic linkages and rationalization while for the other side it entails a process of re-territorialization based on an elusive logic. Cynically, whether we accept that the doctrine of free-market postulates the exchange between developed and underdeveloped (...)
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  29. Bernhard Leistle (2014). From the Alien to the Other: Steps Toward a Phenomenological Theory of Spirit Possession. Anthropology of Consciousness 25 (1):53-90.score: 24.0
    In this article, I apply a structural-phenomenological conception of experience and self to the anthropological theorizing of spirit possession. In particular, I argue that a phenomenology of the alien, as elaborated by the philosopher Bernhard Waldenfels, allows for a more differentiated understanding of possession phenomena. Following a characterization of alienness—in conceptual distinction from the more common term “otherness”—as a dimension that necessarily eludes experience, I describe spirit possession as a cultural technology to appropriate the experiential alien by transforming it (...)
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  30. Renata Lemos-Morais (2010). Money as Media: Gilson Schwartz on the Semiotics of Digital Currency. Continent 1 (1):22-25.score: 24.0
    continent. 1.1 (2011): 22-25. The Author gratefully acknowledges the financial support of CAPES (Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento do Ensino Superior), Brazil. From the multifarious subdivisions of semiotics, be they naturalistic or culturalistic, the realm of semiotics of value is a ?eld that is getting more and more attention these days. Our entire political and economic systems are based upon structures of symbolic representation that many times seem not only to embody monetary value but also to determine it. The connection between (...)
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  31. Robin Mackenzie (2007). Regulating Reprogenetics: Strategic Sacralisation and Semantic Massage. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 15 (4):305-319.score: 24.0
    This paper forms part of the feminist critique of the regulatory consequences of biomedicine’s systematic exclusion of the role of women’s bodies in the development of reprogenetic technologies. I suggest that strategic use of notions of the sacred to decontextualise and delimit disagreement fosters this marginalisation. Here conceptions of the sacred and sacralisation afford a means by which pragmatic consensus over regulation may be achieved, through the deployment of a bricolage of dense images associated with cultural loyalties to solidify support (...)
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  32. Peter J. Richerson, Cultural Innovations and Demographic Change.score: 24.0
    Demography plays a large role in cultural evolution through its effects on the effective rate of innovation. If we assume that useful inventions are rare, then small isolated societies will have low rates of invention. In small populations, complex technology will tend to be lost as a result of random loss or incomplete transmission (the Tasmanian effect). Large populations have more inventors and are more resistant to loss by chance. If human populations can grow freely, then a population-technology-population (...)
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  33. Philip Smith (2003). Narrating the Guillotine: Punishment Technology as Myth and Symbol. Theory, Culture and Society 20 (5):27-51.score: 24.0
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  34. Paula Chakravartty (2006). Symbolic Analysts or Indentured Servants? Indian High-Tech Migrants in America's Information Economy. Knowledge, Technology and Policy 19 (3):27-43.score: 24.0
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  35. J. Derrick, F. Drake, D. Macpherson, A. Slomson, J. Truss & S. Wainer (1995). The American Mathematical Society During January 8–11, 1997, in San Diego, California.• The 1996–97 ASL Annual Meeting Will Be Held March 22–25, 1997, at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Chair of the Local Organizing Com-Mittee is Sy Friedman.• The 1997 ASL European Summer Meeting (Logic Colloquium'97) Will Be Held in Early. [REVIEW] Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 1 (3).score: 24.0
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  36. Albrecht Heeffer (2010). The Symbolic Model for Algebra: Functions and Mechanisms. In. In W. Carnielli L. Magnani (ed.), Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology. 519--532.score: 24.0
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  37. Ramon Jansana, Mai Gehrke, Alessandra Palmigiano, Mihir K. Chakraborty, Didier Dubois, Eric Pacuit, Rohit Parikh & Prakash Panangaden (2008). Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur January 14–26, 2008. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 14 (4).score: 24.0
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  38. A. Louveau, Y. Moschovakis, L. Pacholski, H. Schwichtenberg, T. Slaman, J. Truss, H. D. Macpherson, A. Slomson & S. Wainer (1996). The 1996-97 ASL Winter Meeting Will Be Held in Conjunction with the Annual Meeting of the American Mathematical Society During January 8-11, 1997, in San Diego, California. The 1996-97 ASL Annual Meeting Will Be Held March 22-25, 1997, at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Chair of the Local Organizing Com-Mittee is Sy Friedman. [REVIEW] Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 2:121.score: 24.0
     
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  39. S. Moser (2008). "Walking and Falling." Language as Media Embodiment. Constructivist Foundations 3 (3):260-268.score: 24.0
    Purpose: This paper aims to mediate Josef Mitterer's non-dualistic philosophy with the claim that speaking is a process of embodied experience. Approach: Key assumptions of enactive cognitive science, such as the crossmodal integration of speech and gesture and the perceptual grounding of linguistic concepts are illustrated through selected performance pieces of multimedia artist Laurie Anderson. Findings: The analysis of Anderson's artistic work questions a number of dualisms that guide truth-oriented models of language. Her performance pieces demonstrate that language is both (...)
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  40. Anna Rita Sartore & Edna Cristina do Prado (2013). Tecnologias virtuais na educação incidindo no universo simbólico do professor // Digital technologies in education and the teacher's symbolic universe. Conjectura: Filosofia E Educação 18 (1):150-163.score: 24.0
    O presenta artigo se constitui em um estudo interpretativo a respeito dos efeitos da inserção maciça de tecnologias conectadas à rede mundial de computadores, em nossa cultura. Celebradas a ponto de se alastrarem como objeto de desejo por toda a parte, essas tecnologias, sobretudo as mídias móveis, têm se tornado ubíquas e não há um único segmento da sociedade que não tenha sido tocado por essa inserção. A educação formal em nosso país, por meio de políticas públicas como o Programa (...)
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  41. Eva M. Simms (2010). Questioning the Value of Literacy: A Phenomenology of Speaking and Reading in Children. In K. Coats (ed.), Handbook of Children’s and Young Adult Literature. Routledge.score: 24.0
    The intent of this chapter is to suspend the belief in the goodness of literacy -- our chirographic bias -- in order to gain a deeper understanding of how the engagement with texts structures human consciousness, and particularly the minds of children. In the following pages literacy (a term which in this chapter refers to the ability to read and produce written text) is discussed as a consciousness altering technology. A phenomenological analysis of the act of reading shows the (...)
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  42. Lisa Bortolotti & John Harris (2005). Embryos and Eagles: Symbolic Value in Research and Reproduction. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (01):22-34.score: 22.0
    On both sides of the debate on the use of embryos in stem cell research, and in reproductive technologies more generally, rhetoric and symbolic images have been evoked to influence public opinion. Human embryos themselves are described as either “very small human beings” or “small clusters of cells.” The intentions behind the use of these phrases are clear. One description suggests that embryos are already members of our community and share with us a right to life or at least (...)
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  43. Oren Soffer & Yoram Eshet-Alkalai (2009). Back to the Future: An Historical Perspective on the Pendulum-Like Changes in Literacy. Minds and Machines 19 (1):47-59.score: 22.0
    This article focuses on the pendulum-like change in the way people read and use text, which was triggered by the introduction of new reading and writing technologies in human history. The paper argues that textual features, which characterized the ancient pre-print writing culture, disappeared with the establishment of the modern-day print culture and has been “revived” in the digital post-modern era. This claim is based on the analysis of four cases which demonstrate this textual-pendulum swing: (1) The swing from concrete (...)
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  44. Robin S. Dillon (2010). Respect for Persons, Identity, and Information Technology. Ethics and Information Technology 12 (1):17-28.score: 21.0
    There is surprisingly little attention in Information Technology ethics to respect for persons, either as an ethical issue or as a core value of IT ethics or as a conceptual tool for discussing ethical issues of IT. In this, IT ethics is very different from another field of applied ethics, bioethics, where respect is a core value and conceptual tool. This paper argues that there is value in thinking about ethical issues related to information technologies, especially, though not exclusively, (...)
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  45. Albert Borgmann (2011). The Here and Now: Theory, Technology, and Actuality. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Technology 24 (1):5-17.score: 21.0
    Central figures of American mainstream philosophy have at crucial points in their work been concerned with the concreteness of actual reality, but have in various ways been deflected to primarily technical issues of philosophical analysis. It is possible, however, to see in these concerns a line of inquiry that leads to an examination of what is characteristic of actual reality today and of what is troubling and what is hopeful in it. Technology is a helpful term for the character (...)
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  46. Lucas D. Introna (2007). Maintaining the Reversibility of Foldings: Making the Ethics (Politics) of Information Technology Visible. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 9 (1):11-25.score: 21.0
    This paper will address the question of the morality of technology. I believe this is an important question for our contemporary society in which technology, especially information technology, is increasingly becoming the default mode of social ordering. I want to suggest that the conventional manner of conceptualising the morality of technology is inadequate – even dangerous. The conventional view of technology is that technology represents technical means to achieve social ends. Thus, the moral problem (...)
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  47. Martin Brigham & Lucas D. Introna (2007). Invoking Politics and Ethics in the Design of Information Technology: Undesigning the Design. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 9 (1):1-10.score: 21.0
    It is a truism that the design and deployment of information and communication technologies is vital to everyday life, the conduct of work and to social order. But how are individual, organisational and societal choices made? What might it mean to invoke a politics and an ethics of information technology design and use? This editorial paper situates these questions within the trajectory of preoccupations and approaches to the design and deployment of information technology since computerisation began in the (...)
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  48. Steven Dorrestijn (2012). Technical Mediation and Subjectivation: Tracing and Extending Foucault's Philosophy of Technology. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Technology 25 (2):221-241.score: 21.0
    This article focuses on tracing and extending Michel Foucault’s contributions to the philosophy of technology. At first sight his work on power seems the most relevant. In his later work on subjectivation and ethics technology is absent. However, notably by recombining Foucault’s work on power with his work on subjectivation, does his work contribute to solving pertinent problems in current approaches to the ethics of technology. First, Foucault’s position is compared to critical theory and Heidegger, and associated (...)
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  49. Philip J. Nickel, Maarten Franssen & Peter Kroes (2010). Can We Make Sense of the Notion of Trustworthy Technology? Knowledge, Technology and Policy 23 (3-4):429-444.score: 21.0
    In this paper we raise the question whether technological artifacts can properly speaking be trusted or said to be trustworthy. First, we set out some prevalent accounts of trust and trustworthiness and explain how they compare with the engineer’s notion of reliability. We distinguish between pure rational-choice accounts of trust, which do not differ in principle from mere judgments of reliability, and what we call “motivation-attributing” accounts of trust, which attribute specific motivations to trustworthy entities. Then we consider some examples (...)
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