Search results for 'Symbolic technology' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  26
    Peter Woelert (2012). Idealization and External Symbolic Storage: The Epistemic and Technical Dimensions of Theoretic Cognition. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 11 (3):335-366.
    This paper explores some of the constructive dimensions and specifics of human theoretic cognition, combining perspectives from (Husserlian) genetic phenomenology and distributed cognition approaches. I further consult recent psychological research concerning spatial and numerical cognition. The focus is on the nexus between the theoretic development of abstract, idealized geometrical and mathematical notions of space and the development and effective use of environmental cognitive support systems. In my discussion, I show that the evolution of the theoretic cognition of space apparently follows (...)
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  2.  18
    Peter Woelert (2013). Technology, Knowledge, Governance: The Political Relevance of Husserl's Critique of the Epistemic Effects of Formalization. Continental Philosophy Review 46 (4):487-507.
    This paper explores the political import of Husserl’s critical discussion of the epistemic effects of the formalization of rational thinking. More specifically, it argues that this discussion is of direct relevance to make sense of the pervasive processes of ‘technization’, that is, of a mechanistic and superficial generation and use of knowledge, to be observed in current contexts of governance. Building upon Husserl’s understanding of formalization as a symbolic technique for abstraction in the thinking with and about numbers, I (...)
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  3.  79
    Alfred Gierer (2004). Human Brain Evolution, Theories of Innovation, and Lessons From the History of Technology. J. Biosci 29 (3):235-244.
    Biological evolution and technological innovation, while differing in many respects, also share common features. In particular, implementation of a new technology in the market is analogous to the spreading of a new genetic trait in a population. Technological innovation may occur either through the accumulation of quantitative changes, as in the development of the ocean clipper, or it may be initiated by a new combination of features or subsystems, as in the case of steamships. Other examples of the latter (...)
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  4.  77
    Koshy Tharakan (2011). Questioning the Body: From Technology Towards a Sense of Body. Kritike: An Online Journal of Philosophy 5 (2):112-122.
    Many attempts of contemporary philosophers to reduce ‘mind’ to ‘body’ notwithstanding, where the ‘body’ is understood in the Cartesian framework, the continental philosophers in general repeatedly remind us that body has a significance that goes beyond its materiality as a bio-chemical physical substance. In “questioning body,” we wish to take up the philosophical underpinnings of the significance of body as a framework or tool to understand ‘technology’. By doing so, we are able to see the link between technology (...)
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  5.  13
    John Kadvany (2010). Indistinguishable From Magic: Computation is Cognitive Technology. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 20 (1):119-143.
    Abstract This paper explains how mathematical computation can be constructed from weaker recursive patterns typical of natural languages. A thought experiment is used to describe the formalization of computational rules, or arithmetical axioms, using only orally-based natural language capabilities, and motivated by two accomplishments of ancient Indian mathematics and linguistics. One accomplishment is the expression of positional value using versified Sanskrit number words in addition to orthodox inscribed numerals. The second is Panini’s invention, around<br>the fifth century BCE, of a formal (...)
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  6. Camilla K. Gilmore, Shannon E. McCarthy & Elizabeth S. Spelke, Symbolic Arithmetic Knowledge Without Instruction.
    Symbolic arithmetic is fundamental to science, technology and economics, but its acquisition by children typically requires years of effort, instruction and drill1,2. When adults perform mental arithmetic, they activate nonsymbolic, approximate number representations3,4, and their performance suffers if this nonsymbolic system is impaired5. Nonsymbolic number representations also allow adults, children, and even infants to add or subtract pairs of dot arrays and to compare the resulting sum or difference to a third array, provided that only approximate accuracy is (...)
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  7. Paul M. Livingston, Heidegger on Information Technology.
    My aim in this paper is to begin a discussion about how, and to what extent, Martin Heidegger’s thinking about technology offers helpful critical terms for thinking about the nature and global sway of today’s most dominant and prevalent forms of technology, namely the interrelated technologies of information, communication, and (capitalist) commerce. My suggestion will be that Heidegger’s thought does indeed have implications for critical thinking about these technologies, but that in order to see how it does, we (...)
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  8.  33
    Joseph K. Cosgrove (2008). Simone Weil's Spiritual Critique of Modern Science: An Historical-Critical Assessment. Zygon 43 (2):353-370.
    Simone Weil is widely recognized today as one of the profound religious thinkers of the twentieth century. Yet while her interpretation of natural science is critical to Weil's overall understanding of religious faith, her writings on science have received little attention compared with her more overtly theological writings. The present essay, which builds on Vance Morgan's Weaving the World: Simone Weil on Science, Necessity, and Love (2005), critically examines Weil's interpretation of the history of science. Weil believed that mathematical science, (...)
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  9.  9
    Seung-Hoon Jeong (2013). A Global Cinematic Zone of Animal and Technology. Angelaki 18 (1):139-157.
    Taking the animal and the machine as two ontological others of the human, this paper looks into how they ?are added to? and ?replace? the humanist others based on race, gender, class, etc. in contemporary cinema. This ?supplement? urges us to reframe identity politics and cultural studies in a larger ?polis? emerging between and encompassing both the human world, which becomes ever more globally homogenized, and its radical environment, natural or technological. The topic is a global cinematic phenomenon that even (...)
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  10.  23
    Yaron Ezrahi (1992). Technology and the Civil Epistemology of Democracy. Inquiry 35 (3 & 4):363 – 376.
    In analogy with Rousseau's concept of ?civil religion? as a system of ?positive dogmas?, ?without which?, as he observed, ?a man cannot be a good citizen?, this paper advances the concept of ?civil epistemology? as the positive dogmas without which the agents of government actions cannot be held accountable by democratic citizens. The civil epistemology of democracy shapes the citizen's views on the nature of political reality, on how the facts of political reality can be known and by whom. Modern (...)
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  11.  8
    Derek Partridge (1987). Human Decision Making & the Symbolic Search Space Paradigm in AI. AI and Society 1 (2):103-114.
    In this paper I shall describe the symbolic search space paradigm which is the dominant model for most of AI. Coupled with the mechanisms of logic it yields the predominant methodology underlying expert systems which are the most successful application of AI technology to date. Human decision making, more precisely, expert human decision making is the function that expert systems aspire to emulate, if not surpass.Expert systems technology has not yet proved to be a decisive success — (...)
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  12.  19
    Thomas Engel & Ulrike Henckel (2008). Human Beings, Technology and the Idea of Man. Poiesis and Praxis 5 (3-4):249-263.
    Since ancient times philosophy has dealt with the relation between technology and man. Nowadays this is especially true in the context of the philosophy of technology. Technology is interpreted as an anthropological constant to construct an environment in which man can survive. Acting in the field of technology is to act rationally with a purpose, i.e., in the framework of a means-end relation, and it is employed for coping with experiences (Widerfahrnisse) by means of using tools. (...)
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  13.  23
    John Kadvany (2010). Indistinguishable From Magic: Computation is Cognitive Technology. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 20 (1):119-143.
    This paper explains how mathematical computation can be constructed from weaker recursive patterns typical of natural languages. A thought experiment is used to describe the formalization of computational rules, or arithmetical axioms, using only orally-based natural language capabilities, and motivated by two accomplishments of ancient Indian mathematics and linguistics. One accomplishment is the expression of positional value using versified Sanskrit number words in addition to orthodox inscribed numerals. The second is Pāṇini’s invention, around the fifth century BCE, of a formal (...)
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  14.  16
    Babak Sohrabi, Aryan Gholipour & Neda Mohammadesmaeili (2011). Effects of Personality and Information Technology on Plagiarism: An Iranian Perspective. Ethics and Behavior 21 (5):367 - 379.
    Information technology has played a remarkably important role in developing the contemporary educational system. It not only provides easy access to enormous stores of information but also increases students' scientific efficiency. However, the availability of this technology has also led to increased plagiarism. This study attempted to explore how access to Internet technology contributes to plagiarism problems from the perspective of university students in Iran. A qualitative method to semistructured interviews with 20 students suggested important themes: uncertainty (...)
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  15.  3
    Heidi Schelhowe (1993). Gender Symbolism and Changes in Lifeworld Through Information Technology. AI and Society 7 (4):358-367.
    The starting point of many feminist studies on information technology is the question of how to create equal access to the computer and computer science for women. This question has raised further more profound questions concerning the computer and its effects on the relationship between the sexes.In my contribution, I will firstly look at those symbolic constructions whichgenderise this technology itself and the ways of handling it. Secondly, I will look into how information technology influences the (...)
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  16.  2
    J. Valentine (2000). Information Technology, Ideology and Governmentality. Theory, Culture and Society 17 (2):21-43.
    This article seeks to identify the political and ideological dimensions of the contemporary presence of information technology or infotech. This presence is experienced as the progressive unfolding of technology as the logic of the social itself. Rather than approaching these dimensions through their reduction to a ground, a symbolic totality or a specific interest, and argument is constructed from Laclau and Mouffe's concept of `antagonism' in conjunction with Claude Lefort's notion of `invisible ideology'. This gives the argument (...)
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  17. S. G. Lofts (ed.) (2013). The Warburg Years : Essays on Language, Art, Myth, and Technology. Yale University Press.
    Jewish German philosopher Ernst Cassirer was a leading proponent of the Marburg school of neo-Kantianism. The essays in this volume provide a window into Cassirer’s discovery of the symbolic nature of human existence—that our entire emotional and intellectual life is configured and formed through the originary expressive power of word and image, that it is in and through the symbolic cultural systems of language, art, myth, religion, science, and technology that human life realizes itself and attains not (...)
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  18. Wang Xueming (ed.) (2009). Luo Ji Xue Ji Qi Ying Yong Yan Jiu: Di Si Jie Quan Guo Luo Ji Xi Tong Zhi Neng Ke Xue Yu Xin Xi Ke Xue Xue Shu Hui Yi Lun Wen Ji. Gui Zhou Min Zu Chu Ban She.
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  19. Antony Galton (1990). Logic for Information Technology.
     
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  20. Jennifer A. Parks (2010). Care Ethics and the Global Practice of Commercial Surrogacy. Bioethics 24 (7):333-340.
    This essay will focus on the moral issues relating to surrogacy in the global context, and will critique the liberal arguments that have been offered in support of it. Liberal arguments hold sway concerning reproductive arrangements made between commissioning couples from wealthy nations and the surrogates from socioeconomically weak backgrounds that they hire to do their reproductive labor. My argument in this paper is motivated by a concern for controlling harms by putting the practice of globalized commercial surrogacy into the (...)
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  21.  5
    Paula Chakravartty (2006). Symbolic Analysts or Indentured Servants? Indian High-Tech Migrants in America’s Information Economy. Knowledge, Technology and Policy 19 (3):27-43.
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  22. Albrecht Heeffer (2010). The Symbolic Model for Algebra: Functions and Mechanisms. In W. Carnielli L. Magnani (ed.), Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology. 519--532.
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  23.  18
    Sheryl Brahnam (2012). To Hear—to Say: The Mediating Presence of the Healing Witness. [REVIEW] AI and Society 27 (1):53-90.
    Illness and trauma challenge self-narratives. Traumatized individuals, unable to speak about their experiences, suffer in isolation. In this paper, I explore Kristeva’s theories of the speaking subject and signification, with its symbolic and semiotic modalities, to understand how a person comes to speak the unspeakable. In discussing the origin of the speaking subject, Kristeva employs Plato’s chora (related to choreo , “to make room for”). The chora reflects the mother’s preparation of the child’s entry into language and forms an (...)
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  24.  2
    J. Derrick, F. Drake, D. Macpherson, A. Slomson, J. Truss & S. Wainer (1995). The American Mathematical Society During January 8–11, 1997, in San Diego, California.• The 1996–97 ASL Annual Meeting Will Be Held March 22–25, 1997, at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Chair of the Local Organizing Com-Mittee is Sy Friedman.• The 1997 ASL European Summer Meeting (Logic Colloquium'97) Will Be Held in Early. [REVIEW] Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 1 (3).
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  25.  1
    Ramon Jansana, Mai Gehrke, Alessandra Palmigiano, Mihir K. Chakraborty, Didier Dubois, Eric Pacuit, Rohit Parikh & Prakash Panangaden (2008). Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur January 14–26, 2008. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 14 (4).
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  26. C. A. Baylis (1942). Quine W. V.. Russell's Paradox and Others. Technology Review, Vol. 44 , Pp. 16–17. Journal of Symbolic Logic 7 (1):44.
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  27. Alonzo Church (1949). Wiener Norbert. Cybernetics. Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine. The Technology Press; John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York; Hermann Et Сie, Paris; 1948, 194 Pp. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 14 (2):127.
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  28. Calvin Elgot (1958). Goto Mochinori, Komamiya Yasuo, Suekane Ryota, Takagi Masahide, and Kuwabara Shigeru. Theory and Structure of the Automatic Relay Computer E. T. L. Mark II. Researches of the Electrotechnical Laboratory, No. 556. Electrotechnical Laboratory, Agency of Industrial Science and Technology, Tokyo 1956, Ix + 214 Pp. And 37 Plates. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 23 (1):60.
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  29. Peter Elias (1954). Carnap Rudolf and Bar-Hillel Yehoshua. An Outline of a Theory of Semantic Information. Technical Report No. 247. Photo-Offset. Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass., 1952, Ii + 49 Pp.Bar-Hillel Yehoshua and Carnap Rudolf. Semantic Information. Communication Theory, Papers Read at a Symposium on “Applications of Communication Theory” Held at the Institution of Electrical Engineers, London September 22nd-26th 1952, Edited by Jackson Willis, Butterworths Scientific Publications, London 1953, Pp. 503–511.MacKay D. M.. Discussion. Communication Theory, Papers Read at a Symposium on “Applications of Communication Theory” Held at the Institution of Electrical Engineers, London September 22nd-26th 1952, Edited by Jackson Willis, Butterworths Scientific Publications, London 1953, Pp. 511–512.Bar-Hillel Y.. In Reply. Communication Theory, Papers Read at a Symposium on “Applications of Communication Theory” Held at the Institution of Electrica. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 19 (3):230-232.
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  30. Ann S. Ferebee (1970). Chomsky Noam. Aspects of the Theory of Syntax. A Paperbound Edition of XXXII 385. The M.I.T. Press, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1969, X + 251 Pp. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (1):167.
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  31. Frederic B. Fitch (1959). Matsumoto Kazuo. On a Lattice Relating to Intuitionistic Logic. Journal of the Osaka Institute of Science and Technology, Vol. 2 No. 1–2 , Pp. 97–107. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 24 (3):250.
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  32. Frederic B. Fitch (1958). Matsumoto Kazuo. Sur la Structure Concernant la Logique Moderne. Journal of the Osaka Institute of Science and Technology , Part I, Mathematics and Physics, Vol. 2 No. 1–2 , Pp. 67–78. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 23 (4):443-444.
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  33. Leon Henkin (1954). Menger Karl. Calculus. A Modern Approach. Second, Enlarged Edition, Mimeographed. The Bookstore, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago 1953, Title Page + Xxiii + 1 + 303 Pp. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 19 (3):227-229.
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  34. Donald J. Hillman (1960). Cherry Colin. On Human Communication: A Review, a Survey, and a Criticism. Studies in Communication. The Technology Press of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, and Chapman & Hall Limited, London, 1957, Xiv + 333 Pp. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (1):75-76.
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  35. Frederick W. Kroon (1986). Hatcher William S.. The Logical Foundations of Mathematics. Foundations and Philosophy of Science and Technology Series. Pergamon Press, Oxford Etc. 1982, X + 320 Pp.Hatcher William S.. Foundations of Mathematics. W. B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, London, and Toronto, 1968, Xiii + 327 Pp. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (2):467-470.
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  36. A. Louveau, Y. Moschovakis, L. Pacholski, H. Schwichtenberg, T. Slaman, J. Truss, H. D. Macpherson, A. Slomson & S. Wainer (1996). The 1996-97 ASL Winter Meeting Will Be Held in Conjunction with the Annual Meeting of the American Mathematical Society During January 8-11, 1997, in San Diego, California. The 1996-97 ASL Annual Meeting Will Be Held March 22-25, 1997, at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Chair of the Local Organizing Com-Mittee is Sy Friedman. [REVIEW] Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 2:121.
     
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  37. Everett J. Nelson (1939). Quine W. V.. Relations and Reason. Technology Review, Vol. 41 , Pp. 299–301, 324–327. Journal of Symbolic Logic 4 (3):126.
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  38. Frank Pfenning (1989). Gallier Jean H.. Logic for Computer Science. Foundations of Automatic Theorem Proving. Harper & Row Computer Science and Technology Series. Harper & Row, New York 1986, Xv + 511 Pp. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 54 (1):288-289.
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  39. Clifford Spector (1959). Rogers Hartley Jr., Theory of Recursive Functions and Effective Computability. Volume I. Mimeographed. Technology Store, Cambridge, Mass., 1957, Pp. I–Xiv, 1–15, 15a, 16–20, 20a, 21–121, 121–155. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 24 (1):70.
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  40. Luis Alberto Verdugo Torres (2010). Jean Baudrillard y la pérdida de ilusión estética. El desarrollo de un pensamiento apocalíptico. Logos 17:189-205.
    The present article exposes the reasons which Jean Baudrillard says that it there is a loss of aesthetic illusion in the art-object of the simulation. Those reasons would prevent to the new artistic piece the chance to generate a symbolic level and it would lead to disappearance of the art. That is the reason which Baudrillard’s thought is designated apocalyptic. The article’s hypothesis is that the loss of aesthetic illusion announced by Baudrillard can be understood analyzing the way in (...)
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  41. H. E. Vaughan (1951). Michiura Tadashi. On Characteristic Properties of Boolean Algebras. Journal of the Osaka Institute of Science and Technology, Part I, Mathematic s and Physics, Vol. 1 , Pp. 129–133. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 16 (2):152.
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  42. Wolfgang Yourgrau (1960). Menger Karl. The Basic Concepts of Mathematics. A Companion to Current Textbooks on Algebra and Analytic Geometry. Part I. Algebra. The Bookstore, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago 1957, Vii + 93 Pp. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (2):158-160.
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  43. Nicholas Maxwell (2015). What's Wrong with Science and Technology Studies? What Needs to Be Done to Put It Right? In R. Pisano & D. Capecchi (eds.), A Bridge Between Conceptual Frameworks: Sciences, Society and Technology Studies. Springer
    After a sketch of the optimism and high aspirations of History and Philosophy of Science when I first joined the field in the mid 1960s, I go on to describe the disastrous impact of "the strong programme" and social constructivism in history and sociology of science. Despite Alan Sokal's brilliant spoof article, and the "science wars" that flared up partly as a result, the whole field of Science and Technology Studies is still adversely affected by social constructivist ideas. I (...)
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  44.  45
    Mark Coeckelbergh (2013). Drones, Information Technology, and Distance: Mapping the Moral Epistemology of Remote Fighting. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 15 (2):87-98.
    Ethical reflection on drone fighting suggests that this practice does not only create physical distance, but also moral distance: far removed from one’s opponent, it becomes easier to kill. This paper discusses this thesis, frames it as a moral-epistemological problem, and explores the role of information technology in bridging and creating distance. Inspired by a broad range of conceptual and empirical resources including ethics of robotics, psychology, phenomenology, and media reports, it is first argued that drone fighting, like other (...)
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  45.  27
    Asle H. Kiran & Peter-Paul Verbeek (2010). Trusting Our Selves to Technology. Knowledge, Technology and Policy 23 (3-4):409-427.
    Trust is a central dimension in the relation between human beings and technologies. In many discourses about technology, the relation between human beings and technologies is conceptualized as an external relation: a relation between pre-given entities that can have an impact on each other but that do not mutually constitute each other. From this perspective, relations of trust can vary between reliance, as is present for instance in technological extensionism, and suspicion, as in various precautionary approaches in ethics that (...)
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  46.  39
    Steven Dorrestijn (2012). Technical Mediation and Subjectivation: Tracing and Extending Foucault's Philosophy of Technology. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Technology 25 (2):221-241.
    This article focuses on tracing and extending Michel Foucault’s contributions to the philosophy of technology. At first sight his work on power seems the most relevant. In his later work on subjectivation and ethics technology is absent. However, notably by recombining Foucault’s work on power with his work on subjectivation, does his work contribute to solving pertinent problems in current approaches to the ethics of technology. First, Foucault’s position is compared to critical theory and Heidegger, and associated (...)
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  47.  22
    Kirsten Martin (2012). Information Technology and Privacy: Conceptual Muddles or Privacy Vacuums? [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 14 (4):267-284.
    Within a given conversation or information exchange, do privacy expectations change based on the technology used? Firms regularly require users, customers, and employees to shift existing relationships onto new information technology, yet little is known as about how technology impacts established privacy expectations and norms. Coworkers are asked to use new information technology, users of gmail are asked to use GoogleBuzz, patients and doctors are asked to record health records online, etc. Understanding how privacy expectations change, (...)
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  48.  22
    Michael T. McFall (2012). Real Character-Friends: Aristotelian Friendship, Living Together, and Technology. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 14 (3):221-230.
    Aristotle’s account of friendship has largely withstood the test of time. Yet there are overlooked elements of his account that, when challenged by apparent threats of current and emerging communication technologies, reveal his account to be remarkably prescient. I evaluate the danger that technological advances in communication pose to the future of friendship by examining and defending Aristotle’s claim that perfect or character-friends must live together. I concede that technologically-mediated communication can aid existing character-friendships, but I argue that character-friendships cannot (...)
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  49. Robin S. Dillon (2010). Respect for Persons, Identity, and Information Technology. Ethics and Information Technology 12 (1):17-28.
    There is surprisingly little attention in Information Technology ethics to respect for persons, either as an ethical issue or as a core value of IT ethics or as a conceptual tool for discussing ethical issues of IT. In this, IT ethics is very different from another field of applied ethics, bioethics, where respect is a core value and conceptual tool. This paper argues that there is value in thinking about ethical issues related to information technologies, especially, though not exclusively, (...)
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  50.  69
    Lucas D. Introna (2007). Maintaining the Reversibility of Foldings: Making the Ethics (Politics) of Information Technology Visible. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 9 (1):11-25.
    This paper will address the question of the morality of technology. I believe this is an important question for our contemporary society in which technology, especially information technology, is increasingly becoming the default mode of social ordering. I want to suggest that the conventional manner of conceptualising the morality of technology is inadequate – even dangerous. The conventional view of technology is that technology represents technical means to achieve social ends. Thus, the moral problem (...)
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