Search results for 'Synergetics' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Helena Knyazeva (2004). The Complex Nonlinear Thinking: Edgar Morin's Demand of a Reform of Thinking and the Contribution of Synergetics. World Futures 60 (5 & 6):389 – 405.score: 18.0
    Main principles of the complex nonlinear thinking which are based on the notions of the modern theory of evolution and self-organization of complex systems called also synergetics are under discussion in this article. The principles are transdisciplinary, holistic, and oriented to a human being. The notions of system complexity, nonlinearity of evolution, creative chaos, space-time definiteness of structure-attractors of evolution, resonant influences, nonlinear and soft management are here of great importance. In this connection, a prominent contribution made to system (...)
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  2. Helena Knyazeva (1999). Synergetics and the Images of Future. Futures 31 (3):281-290.score: 18.0
    The hope of finding new methods of predicting the course of historical processes could be connected with the recent developments of the theory of self-organisation, also called synergetics. It provides us with knowledge of constructive principles of co-evolution of complex social systems, co-evolution of countries and geopolitical regions being at different stages of development, integration of the East and the West, the North and the South. Due to the growth of population on the Earth in blow-up regime, the general (...)
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  3. Michael A. Stadler & Peter Kruse (1994). Gestalt Theory and Synergetics: From Psychophysical Isomorphism to Holistic Emergentism. Philosophical Psychology 7 (2):211-226.score: 18.0
    Gestalt theory is discussed as one main precursor of synergetics, one of the most elaborated theories of self-organization. It is a precursor for two reasons: the Gestalt theoretical view of cognitive order-formation comes dose to the central ideas of self-organization. Furthermore both approaches have stressed the significance of non-linear perceptual processes (such as multistability) for the solution of the mind-brain problem. The question of whether Gestalt theory preferred a dualistic or a monistic view of the mind-body relation is answered (...)
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  4. Hermann Haken & Helena Knyazeva (2000). Arbitrariness in Nature: Synergetics and Evolutionary Laws of Prohibition. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science 31 (1):57-73.score: 18.0
    The philosophical consequences of synergetics, the interdisciplinary theory of evolution and self-organization of complex systems, are being drawn in the paper. The idea of discreteness of evolutionary paths is in the focus of attention. Although the future is open, and there are many alternative evolutionary paths for complex systems, not any arbitrary (either conceivable or desirable) evolutionary path is feasible in a given system. There are discrete spectra of possible evolutionary paths which are determined exclusively by inner properties of (...)
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  5. Helena Knyazeva (2003). Self-Reflective Synergetics. Systems Research and Behavioral Science 20 (1):53-64.score: 18.0
    An attempt to critically analyse the claims of the theory of self-organization of complex systems (synergetics) to the interdisciplinary generalizations and the universal efficacy of its models is made in the paper. The grounds for transfer of synergetic models to different disciplinary fields are under discussion. It is argued that synergetics is a mental scheme or a heuristic approach to exploring the complex behaviour of systems, rather than a universal key to solving concrete scientific problems. The prospects for (...)
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  6. Rajeev Rajaram & Brian Castellani (2012). Modeling Complex Systems Macroscopically: Case/Agent‐Based Modeling, Synergetics, and the Continuity Equation. Complexity 18 (2):8-17.score: 15.0
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  7. Helena Knyazeva (1998). The Synergetic View of Human Creativity. Evolution and Cognition 4 (2):145-155.score: 12.0
    The heuristic value of synergetic models of evolving and self-organizing complex systems as well as their application to epistemological problems is shown in this paper. Nonlinear synergetic models turn out to be fruitful in comprehending epistemological problems such as the nature of human creativity, the functioning of human intuition and imagination, the historical development of science and culture. In the light of synergetics creative thinking can be viewed as a selforganization and self-completion of images and thoughts, filling up gaps (...)
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  8. Helena Knyazeva (1999). The Synergetic Principles of Nonlinear Thinking. World Futures 54 (2):163-181.score: 12.0
    In order to develop further the methods of scenario building and to facilitate the paths towards desirable and sustainable futures, we cannot do without a nonlinear evolutionary thinking. The theory of self-organization of complex systems, called also synergetics, is a scientific basis for such a thinking, the main principles of which are under consideration in the paper. Synergetics provides us with the knowledge of constructive principles of coevolution of the complex social systems, coevolution of countries and geopolitical regions (...)
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  9. A. Pechenkin (2002). The Concept of Self-Oscillations and the Rise of Synergetics Ideas in the Theory of Nonlinear Oscillations. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 33 (2):269-295.score: 12.0
    I take the phrase ''the theory of nonlinear oscillations'' to identify a historical phenomenon. Under this heading a powerful school in Soviet science, L. I. Mandelstam's school, developed its version of what was later called ''nonlinear dynamics''. The theory of nonlinear oscillations was formed around the concept of self-oscillations, which was elaborated by Mandelstam's graduate student A. A. Andronov. This concept determined the paradigm of the theory of nonlinear oscillations as well as its ideology, that is, a set of characteristic (...)
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  10. Wolfgang Tschacher & Ulrich M. Junghan (2001). Next Step, Synergetics? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):66-67.score: 12.0
    Thelen et al. offer an inspiring behavior-based theory of a long-standing cognitive problem. They demonstrate how joining traditions, old (the Gestaltist field theory) and new (dynamical systems theory) may open up the path towards embodied cognition. We discuss possible next steps. Self-organization theory (synergetics) could be used to address the formation of gaze/reach attractors and their optimality, given environmental control parameters. Finally, some clinical applications of the field model are advocated.
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  11. I. V. Smirnov (2008). Synergetics and… Plotinus. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 45:337-343.score: 12.0
    The author investigates some Plotinus’ metaphors such as: war as the father of all things, universal life as a theatre performance, longings, works and horrors of bloody terrestrial life as a childish "external game", a battle as pyrrhic… All the mentioned metaphors are important for correct interpretation of ideas by the late Hellenistic philosopher. Plotinus’ doctrine of chaocosmic harmony is stated in its comparison with the data of modern science (of synergetics). The author of the paper confirms a conclusion (...)
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  12. Helena Knyazeva (2005). Figures of Time in Evolution of Complex Systems. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 36 (2):289 - 304.score: 9.0
    Owing to intensive development of the theory of self-organization of complex systems called also synergetics, profound changes in our notions of time occur. Whereas at the beginning of the 20th century, natural sciences, by picking up the general spirit of Einstein's theory of relativity, consider a geometrization as an ideal, i.e. try to represent time and force interactions through space and the changes of its properties, nowadays, at the beginning of the 21st century, time turns to be in the (...)
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  13. Hans Poser (2007). Theories of Complexity and Their Problems. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 2 (3):423-436.score: 9.0
    Complexity theories are on the way to establish a new worldview—processes instead of objects, history and uniqueness of everything instead of repetition and lawlikeness are the elements. These theories from deterministic chaos via the dissipative structures, the theory of catastrophes, self organization and synergetics are mathematical models, connected with a new understanding of science. They are characterized by new fundamental commitments of sciences. But at the same time, they are characterized by epistemic boundaries.
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  14. Alf C. Zimmer & Hermann Korndle (1994). A Gestalt Theoretic Account for the Coordination of Perception and Action in Motor Learning. Philosophical Psychology 7 (2):249-265.score: 9.0
    A review of the scanty Gestaltist literature on motor behaviour indicates that a genuine Gestalt theoretic approach to motor behaviour can be characterized by three research questions: (1) What are the natural units of motor behaviour? (2) What characterizes the self-organization in motor behaviour? (3) What are the conditions for invariance in motor behaviour? Tentative answers to these questions can be found by analysing the parallels between Gestalt theory and Bernstein's theory of motor actions and by showing that Gestalt theory (...)
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  15. Wolfgang Tschacher & J.-P. Dauwalder (eds.) (1999). Dynamics, Synergetics, Autonomous Agents: Nonlinear Systems Approaches to Cognitive Psychology and Cognitive Science. Singapore: World Scientific.score: 9.0
    This volume focuses on the modeling of cognition, and brings together contributions from psychologists and researchers in the field of cognitive science.
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  16. Prudence Allen (1992). Fuller's Synergetics and Sex Complementarity. International Philosophical Quarterly 32 (1):3-16.score: 9.0
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  17. E. T. Borodin (2004). Contemporary Philosophical Materialism and Synergetics: Natural Production. Russian Studies in Philosophy 43 (2):28-46.score: 9.0
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  18. V. P. Branskii (2004). Theoretical Foundations of Social Synergetics. Russian Studies in Philosophy 43 (2):47-74.score: 9.0
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  19. V. Budanov (2006). Methodology and Principles of Synergetics. Philosophy of Education 1:3.score: 9.0
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  20. Alberto Faro & Daniela Giordano (2007). An Account of Consciousness From the Synergetics and Quantum Field Theory Perspectives. In Antonio Chella & Riccardo Manzotti (eds.), Artificial Consciousness. Imprint Academic. 212-233.score: 9.0
     
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  21. V. Havlik (1989). Aristotle Principle of the Unity of Matter and Form and Synergetics. Filosoficky Casopis 37 (2):207-220.score: 9.0
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  22. J. Z. Hubert (1999). Synergetics and Universal Society. Dialogue and Universalism 9:195-198.score: 9.0
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  23. Salahaddin Khalilov (forthcoming). Synergetics as a Positivistic “Trick” for Philosophy. Philosophy Study.score: 9.0
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  24. E. N. Kniazeva (2004). Self-Reflective Synergetics: Universalism: For and Against. Russian Studies in Philosophy 43 (2):5-27.score: 9.0
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  25. Helena Knyazeva & Sergey P. Kurdyumov (2008). Synergetics. Dialogue and Universalism 18 (11/12):39-60.score: 9.0
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  26. J. Krempasky (1984). Synergetics, an Integral Theory of the Middle Level. Filosoficky Casopis 32 (6):876-880.score: 9.0
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  27. Marc Leman (1991). Review of H. Haken & M. Stadier (Eds.). Synergetics of Cognition, Springer-Verlag, 1990. [REVIEW] Communication and Cognition. Monographies 24 (2):275.score: 9.0
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  28. Marc Leman (1991). Synergetics of Cogninon: Haken, H, Stadler, M. Communication and Cognition 24 (2):275-277.score: 9.0
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  29. L. Pekarek (1984). Synergetics and its Integrative Role in the Development of Science. Filosoficky Casopis 32 (6):881-885.score: 9.0
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  30. M. I. Shterenberg (2004). Synergetics and Biology. Russian Studies in Philosophy 43 (2):75-96.score: 9.0
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  31. J. Stachova (1984). Philosophical and Methodological Problems of Modern Thermodynamics and Synergetics. Filosoficky Casopis 32 (6):780-787.score: 9.0
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  32. E. T. (1956). Synergetics. Review of Metaphysics 10 (2):360-361.score: 9.0
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  33. Hermann Haken & Helena Knyazeva (2000). Synergetik: zwischen Reduktionismus und Holismus. Philosophia Naturalis 37 (1):21-44.score: 6.0
    Die philosophischen Folgerungen der Synergetik, einer interdisziplinären Theorie der Evolution und Selbstorganisation komplexer nichtlinearer Systeme, werden in diesem Artikel zur Diskussion gestellt. Das sind der weltanschauliche Sinn des Begriffs von der „Nichtlinearität“, die konstruktive Rolle des Chaos in der Evolution, eine neue Vorstellung von diskreten Spektren evolutionärer Wege in komplexen Systemen, die Prinzipien des Aufbaus von komplexem evolutionärem Ganzen, der Integration von komplexen Strukturen, die sich mit verschiedenen Geschwindigkeiten entwickeln, die Methoden des nichtlinearen Managements komplexer Systeme. Die Synergetik entdeckt allgemeingültige (...)
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  34. Wolfgang Tschacher Sergio Salvatore (2012). Time Dependency of Psychotherapeutic Exchanges: The Contribution of the Theory of Dynamic Systems in Analyzing Process. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 6.0
    This paper provides a general framework for the use of TDS in the field of psychotherapy research. Psychotherapy is inherently dynamic, namely a function of time. Consequently, the improvement of construct validity and clinical relevance of psychotherapy process research require the development of models of investigation allowing dynamic mappings of clinical exchange. Thus, the Theory of Dynamic Systems (TDS) becomes a significant theoretical and methodological reference. The paper focuses two topics. First, the main concepts of TDS are briefly introduced together (...)
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  35. Tim van Gelder (1999). Defending the Dynamic Hypothesis. In Wolfgang Tschacher & J-P Dauwalder (eds.), Dynamics, Synergetics, Autonomous Agents: Nonlinear Systems Approaches to Cognitive Psychology and Cognitive Science. Singapore: World Scientific.score: 3.0
    Cognitive science has always been dominated by the idea that cognition is _computational _in a rather strong and clear sense. Within the mainstream approach, cognitive agents are taken to be what are variously known as _physical symbol_ _systems, digital computers_, _syntactic engines_, or_ symbol manipulators_. Cognitive operations are taken to consist in the shuffling of symbol tokens according to strict rules (programs). Models of cognition are themselves digital computers, implemented on general purpose electronic machines. The basic mathematical framework for understanding (...)
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  36. Evgenia M. Nikolaeva (2008). The Principle of Unlinearity in the Research of Social Formation of Personality. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 50:997-1002.score: 3.0
    The problem of person’s social formation becomes especialy actual in all its aspects during the periods of social historical transformations. The guiding lines of individual’s development accepted by society (socialization norms) are either lacking or being overthrown. Such situation demands from the researchers to switch their attention from the mechanisms of sociality reproduction to the mechanisms responsible for the sociality formation. The last ones become the main subject of the self-organization theory (synergetics). According to it, socialization can be represented (...)
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  37. Helena Knyazeva (2009). Nonlinear Cobweb of Cognition. Foundations of Science 14 (3):167-179.score: 3.0
    The modern conception of enactive cognition is under discussion from the standpoint concerning the notions of nonlinear dynamics and synergetics. The contribution of Francisco Varela and his precursors is considered. It is shown that the perceptual and mental processes are bound up with the “architecture” of human body and nonlinear and circular connecting links between the subject of cognition and the world constructed by him can be metaphorically called a nonlinear cobweb of cognition. Cognition is an autopoietic activity because (...)
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  38. John Derrickson McCurdy (1973). Synergetic Perception. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 3 (2):217-246.score: 3.0
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  39. Bai-Lian Li (2002). A Theoretical Framework of Ecological Phase Transitions for Characterizing Tree-Grass Dynamics. Acta Biotheoretica 50 (3).score: 3.0
    This paper describes a theoretical framework of ecological phase transitions for modeling tree-grass dynamics and analyzing the shifts or phase transitions from one vegetation structure to another in the southern Texas landscape. This framework implements the integration of percolation theory, fractal geometry and phase transition theory as a method for modeling the spatial patterns of tree-grass dynamics, and nonlinear Markov non-equilibrium thermodynamic stability theory as a method for characterizing temporal tree-grass dynamics and phase transition. An historical sequence of aerial photographs (...)
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  40. Nancy Corson Carter (1990). Body-Vessel-Matrix: Co-Creative Images of Synergetic Universe. Zygon 25 (2):151-165.score: 3.0
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  41. J. Z. Hubert (2005). Replacing Mythos by Logos: An Analysis of Conditions and Possibilities in the Light of Information-Thermodynamic Principles of Social Synergetic and of Their Normative Implications. Dialogue and Universalism 15 (1-2):93-104.score: 3.0
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  42. Saulius Kanisauskas (2003). Universalism in the Light of Synergetic Paradigm: Philiosophical and Political Aspects. Dialogue and Universalism 13 (1-2):39-50.score: 3.0
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  43. Panos A. Ligomenides (1991). Computation and Uncertainty in Regulated Synergetic Machines. In B. Bouchon-Meunier, R. R. Yager & L. A. Zadeh (eds.), Uncertainty in Knowledge Bases. Springer. 413--422.score: 3.0
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  44. John Derrickson McCurdy (1973). Synergetic Perception. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 3 (2):217-246.score: 3.0
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  45. Alexander Mehler (2006). Stratified Constraint Satisfaction Networks in Synergetic Multi-Agent Simulations of Language Evolution. In A. Loula, R. Gudwin & J. Queiroz (eds.), Artificial Cognition Systems. Idea Group Publishers. 140--174.score: 3.0
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  46. Peter Weise & Wolfgang Brandes (1990). A Synergetic View of Institutions. Theory and Decision 28 (2):173-187.score: 3.0
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  47. Meiling Wong (2010). Guanxi Management as Complex Adaptive Systems: A Case Study of Taiwanese Odi in China. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 91 (3):419 - 432.score: 1.0
    In China, guanxi is the basis on which Chinese exchange a lifetime of favors, resources, and business leverage. Guanxi is considered a unique construct and a product of Confucian values and the contemporary political and socioeconomic system in Chinese society. With its cultural embeddings guanxi , as the social norm of conduct, functions as complex adaptive systems that expand and interconnect to become well-knit social networks; meanwhile the functions of well-fixing and self-reinforcement of the guanxi networks ( chuens ) are (...)
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  48. Riccardo Fusaroli, Joanna Raczaszek-Leonardi & Kristian Tylén (2013). Dialog as Interpersonal Synergy. New Ideas in Psychology.score: 1.0
    What is the proper unit of analysis in the psycholinguistics of dialog? While classical approaches are largely based on models of individual linguistic processing, recent advances stress the social coordinative nature of dialog. In the influential interactive alignment model, dialogue is thus approached as the progressive entrainment of interlocutors' linguistic behaviors toward the alignment of situation models. Still, the driving mechanisms are attributed to individual cognition in the form of automatic structural priming. Challenging these ideas, we outline a dynamical framework (...)
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  49. Rahul Mitra (2012). “My Country's Future”: A Culture-Centered Interrogation of Corporate Social Responsibility in India. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 106 (2):131-147.score: 1.0
    Companies operating and located in emerging economy nations routinely couch their corporate social responsibility (CSR) work in nation-building terms. In this article, I focus on the Indian context and critically examine mainstream CSR discourse from the perspective of the culture-centered approach (CCA). Accordingly, five main themes of CSR stand out: nation-building facade, underlying neoliberal logics, CSR as voluntary, CSR as synergetic, and a clear urban bias. Next, I outline a CCA-inspired CSR framework that allows corporate responsibility to be re-claimed and (...)
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