Search results for 'Synergetics' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Helena Knyazeva (2004). The Complex Nonlinear Thinking: Edgar Morin's Demand of a Reform of Thinking and the Contribution of Synergetics. World Futures 60 (5 & 6):389 – 405.
    Main principles of the complex nonlinear thinking which are based on the notions of the modern theory of evolution and self-organization of complex systems called also synergetics are under discussion in this article. The principles are transdisciplinary, holistic, and oriented to a human being. The notions of system complexity, nonlinearity of evolution, creative chaos, space-time definiteness of structure-attractors of evolution, resonant influences, nonlinear and soft management are here of great importance. In this connection, a prominent contribution made to system (...)
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  2. Helena Knyazeva (1999). Synergetics and the Images of Future. Futures 31 (3):281-290.
    The hope of finding new methods of predicting the course of historical processes could be connected with the recent developments of the theory of self-organisation, also called synergetics. It provides us with knowledge of constructive principles of co-evolution of complex social systems, co-evolution of countries and geopolitical regions being at different stages of development, integration of the East and the West, the North and the South. Due to the growth of population on the Earth in blow-up regime, the general (...)
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  3.  24
    Hermann Haken & Helena Knyazeva (2000). Arbitrariness in Nature: Synergetics and Evolutionary Laws of Prohibition. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 31 (1):57-73.
    The philosophical consequences of synergetics, the interdisciplinary theory of evolution and self-organization of complex systems, are being drawn in the paper. The idea of discreteness of evolutionary paths is in the focus of attention. Although the future is open, and there are many alternative evolutionary paths for complex systems, not any arbitrary evolutionary path is feasible in a given system. There are discrete spectra of possible evolutionary paths which are determined exclusively by inner properties of the corresponding systems. (...) allows us to reveal general laws of self-organization and, therefore, certain limits of arbitrariness of nature in choosing possible paths of evolution as well as in constructing of a complex evolutionary whole. A comparative analysis between the modern synergetic notions and a few ideas of the Western philosophy and of the Eastern teachings is made. (shrink)
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  4.  4
    Naum S. Imyanitov (2016). Dialectics and Synergetics in Chemistry. Periodic Table and Oscillating Reactions. Foundations of Chemistry 18 (1):21-56.
    This work utilizes examples from chemical sciences to present fundamentals of dialectics and synergetics. The laws of dialectics remain appropriate at the level of atoms, at the level of molecules, at the level of the reactions, and at the level of ideas. The law of the unity and conflict of opposites is seen, for instance, in the relationships between the ionization energy and electron affinity of atoms, between the forward and back reactions, as well as in the differentiation and (...)
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  5.  21
    Michael A. Stadler & Peter Kruse (1994). Gestalt Theory and Synergetics: From Psychophysical Isomorphism to Holistic Emergentism. Philosophical Psychology 7 (2):211-226.
    Gestalt theory is discussed as one main precursor of synergetics, one of the most elaborated theories of self-organization. It is a precursor for two reasons: the Gestalt theoretical view of cognitive order-formation comes dose to the central ideas of self-organization. Furthermore both approaches have stressed the significance of non-linear perceptual processes (such as multistability) for the solution of the mind-brain problem. The question of whether Gestalt theory preferred a dualistic or a monistic view of the mind-body relation is answered (...)
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  6.  4
    Helena Knyazeva (2003). Self-Reflective Synergetics. Systems Research and Behavioral Science 20 (1):53-64.
    An attempt to critically analyse the claims of the theory of self-organization of complex systems (synergetics) to the interdisciplinary generalizations and the universal efficacy of its models is made in the paper. The grounds for transfer of synergetic models to different disciplinary fields are under discussion. It is argued that synergetics is a mental scheme or a heuristic approach to exploring the complex behaviour of systems, rather than a universal key to solving concrete scientific problems. The prospects for (...)
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  7.  16
    Rajeev Rajaram & Brian Castellani (2012). Modeling Complex Systems Macroscopically: Case/Agent‐Based Modeling, Synergetics, and the Continuity Equation. Complexity 18 (2):8-17.
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  8.  9
    Helena Knyazeva & Sergey P. Kurdyumov (2008). Synergetics. Dialogue and Universalism 18 (11/12):39-60.
    The modern theory of the self-organization of complex systems, or synergetics, is considered in the context of historical traditions of natural philosophy. It is substantiated that it is unfairly to treat synergetics as a modern “speculative physics”, i.e. the natural philosophy of a new type. However, there is no doubt that on the basis of synergetics a certain worldview is built, and this worldview oversteps the boundaries of basic scientific disciplines and reaches a meta-scientific level of research. (...)
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  9.  7
    I. V. Smirnov (2008). Synergetics and… Plotinus. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 45:337-343.
    The author investigates some Plotinus’ metaphors such as: war as the father of all things, universal life as a theatre performance, longings, works and horrors of bloody terrestrial life as a childish "external game", a battle as pyrrhic… All the mentioned metaphors are important for correct interpretation of ideas by the late Hellenistic philosopher. Plotinus’ doctrine of chaocosmic harmony is stated in its comparison with the data of modern science (of synergetics). The author of the paper confirms a conclusion (...)
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  10.  10
    A. Pechenkin (2002). The Concept of Self-Oscillations and the Rise of Synergetics Ideas in the Theory of Nonlinear Oscillations. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 33 (2):269-295.
    I take the phrase ''the theory of nonlinear oscillations'' to identify a historical phenomenon. Under this heading a powerful school in Soviet science, L. I. Mandelstam's school, developed its version of what was later called ''nonlinear dynamics''. The theory of nonlinear oscillations was formed around the concept of self-oscillations, which was elaborated by Mandelstam's graduate student A. A. Andronov. This concept determined the paradigm of the theory of nonlinear oscillations as well as its ideology, that is, a set of characteristic (...)
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  11.  5
    I. V. Smirnov (2008). Synergetics and… Plotinus. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 45:337-343.
    The author investigates some Plotinus’ metaphors such as: war as the father of all things, universal life as a theatre performance, longings, works and horrors of bloody terrestrial life as a childish "external game", a battle as pyrrhic… All the mentioned metaphors are important for correct interpretation of ideas by the late Hellenistic philosopher. Plotinus’ doctrine of chaocosmic harmony is stated in its comparison with the data of modern science (of synergetics). The author of the paper confirms a conclusion (...)
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  12. Salahaddin Khalilov (forthcoming). Synergetics as a Positivistic “Trick” for Philosophy. Philosophy Study.
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  13. E. N. Kniazeva (2004). Self-Reflective Synergetics: Universalism: For and Against. Russian Studies in Philosophy 43 (2):5-27.
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  14. E. T. Borodin (2004). Contemporary Philosophical Materialism and Synergetics: Natural Production. Russian Studies in Philosophy 43 (2):28-46.
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  15.  10
    Prudence Allen (1992). Fuller's Synergetics and Sex Complementarity. International Philosophical Quarterly 32 (1):3-16.
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  16.  3
    Wolfgang Tschacher & Ulrich M. Junghan (2001). Next Step, Synergetics? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):66-67.
    Thelen et al. offer an inspiring behavior-based theory of a long-standing cognitive problem. They demonstrate how joining traditions, old and new may open up the path towards embodied cognition. We discuss possible next steps. Self-organization theory could be used to address the formation of gaze/reach attractors and their optimality, given environmental control parameters. Finally, some clinical applications of the field model are advocated.
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  17.  4
    E. T. (1956). Synergetics. Review of Metaphysics 10 (2):360-361.
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  18. V. P. Branskii (2004). Theoretical Foundations of Social Synergetics. Russian Studies in Philosophy 43 (2):47-74.
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  19. M. I. Shterenberg (2004). Synergetics and Biology. Russian Studies in Philosophy 43 (2):75-96.
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  20.  3
    J. Z. Hubert (1999). Synergetics and Universal Society. Dialogue and Universalism 9:195-198.
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  21.  1
    Marc Leman (1991). Synergetics of Cogninon: Haken, H, Stadler, M. Communication and Cognition: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly Journal 24 (2):275-277.
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  22. V. Budanov (2006). Methodology and Principles of Synergetics. Philosophy of Education 1:3.
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  23. T. E. (1956). Synergetics: An Experiment in Human Development. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 10 (2):360-361.
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  24. Alberto Faro & Daniela Giordano (2007). An Account of Consciousness From the Synergetics and Quantum Field Theory Perspectives. In Antonio Chella & Riccardo Manzotti (eds.), Artificial Consciousness. Imprint Academic 212-233.
     
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  25. V. Havlik (1989). Aristotle Principle of the Unity of Matter and Form and Synergetics. Filosoficky Casopis 37 (2):207-220.
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  26. J. Krempasky (1984). Synergetics, an Integral Theory of the Middle Level. Filosoficky Casopis 32 (6):876-880.
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  27. Marc Leman (1991). Review of H. Haken & M. Stadier (Eds.). Synergetics of Cognition, Springer-Verlag, 1990. [REVIEW] Communication and Cognition. Monographies 24 (2):275.
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  28. Alexander Pechenkin (2002). The Concept of Self-Oscillations and the Rise of Synergetics Ideas in the Theory of Nonlinear Oscillations. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 33 (2):269-295.
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  29. L. Pekarek (1984). Synergetics and its Integrative Role in the Development of Science. Filosoficky Casopis 32 (6):881-885.
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  30. J. Stachova (1984). Philosophical and Methodological Problems of Modern Thermodynamics and Synergetics. Filosoficky Casopis 32 (6):780-787.
     
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  31.  5
    Wolfgang Tschacher & J.-P. Dauwalder (eds.) (1999). Dynamics, Synergetics, Autonomous Agents: Nonlinear Systems Approaches to Cognitive Psychology and Cognitive Science. Singapore: World Scientific.
    This volume focuses on the modeling of cognition, and brings together contributions from psychologists and researchers in the field of cognitive science.
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  32. Helena Knyazeva (1998). The Synergetic View of Human Creativity. Evolution and Cognition 4 (2):145-155.
    The heuristic value of synergetic models of evolving and self-organizing complex systems as well as their application to epistemological problems is shown in this paper. Nonlinear synergetic models turn out to be fruitful in comprehending epistemological problems such as the nature of human creativity, the functioning of human intuition and imagination, the historical development of science and culture. In the light of synergetics creative thinking can be viewed as a selforganization and self-completion of images and thoughts, filling up gaps (...)
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  33.  58
    Helena Knyazeva (2005). Figures of Time in Evolution of Complex Systems. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 36 (2):289 - 304.
    Owing to intensive development of the theory of self-organization of complex systems called also synergetics, profound changes in our notions of time occur. Whereas at the beginning of the 20th century, natural sciences, by picking up the general spirit of Einstein's theory of relativity, consider a geometrization as an ideal, i.e. try to represent time and force interactions through space and the changes of its properties, nowadays, at the beginning of the 21st century, time turns to be in the (...)
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  34.  19
    Helena Knyazeva (1999). The Synergetic Principles of Nonlinear Thinking. World Futures 54 (2):163-181.
    In order to develop further the methods of scenario building and to facilitate the paths towards desirable and sustainable futures, we cannot do without a nonlinear evolutionary thinking. The theory of self-organization of complex systems, called also synergetics, is a scientific basis for such a thinking, the main principles of which are under consideration in the paper. Synergetics provides us with the knowledge of constructive principles of coevolution of the complex social systems, coevolution of countries and geopolitical regions (...)
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  35.  44
    Hans Poser (2007). Theories of Complexity and Their Problems. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 2 (3):423-436.
    Complexity theories are on the way to establish a new worldview—processes instead of objects, history and uniqueness of everything instead of repetition and lawlikeness are the elements. These theories from deterministic chaos via the dissipative structures, the theory of catastrophes, self organization and synergetics are mathematical models, connected with a new understanding of science. They are characterized by new fundamental commitments of sciences. But at the same time, they are characterized by epistemic boundaries.
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  36.  14
    Alf C. Zimmer & Hermann Korndle (1994). A Gestalt Theoretic Account for the Coordination of Perception and Action in Motor Learning. Philosophical Psychology 7 (2):249-265.
    A review of the scanty Gestaltist literature on motor behaviour indicates that a genuine Gestalt theoretic approach to motor behaviour can be characterized by three research questions: (1) What are the natural units of motor behaviour? (2) What characterizes the self-organization in motor behaviour? (3) What are the conditions for invariance in motor behaviour? Tentative answers to these questions can be found by analysing the parallels between Gestalt theory and Bernstein's theory of motor actions and by showing that Gestalt theory (...)
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  37.  5
    Inna Demuz (2014). Наукові Товариства України Кінця Хіх - Початку Хх Ст. У Розрізі Сучасних Наукознавчих Студій. Схід 2:68-73.
    The attempt to analyze basic concepts of science studies, which make it possible to integrate scientific societies of Ukraine in the late ХІХth - early ХХth centuries the general background of research area, have been carried out in the article. Content of certain definitions ("scientific community", "institutionalization of science", "social institutions", "scientific society") was determined. Explanation of cognitive and socio-institutional research area has been given, the first of which contains the main blocks of scientific disciplines, and the second represents all (...)
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  38.  11
    Hermann Haken & Helena Knyazeva (2000). Synergetik: zwischen Reduktionismus und Holismus. Philosophia Naturalis 37 (1):21-44.
    Die philosophischen Folgerungen der Synergetik, einer interdisziplinären Theorie der Evolution und Selbstorganisation komplexer nichtlinearer Systeme, werden in diesem Artikel zur Diskussion gestellt. Das sind der weltanschauliche Sinn des Begriffs von der „Nichtlinearität“, die konstruktive Rolle des Chaos in der Evolution, eine neue Vorstellung von diskreten Spektren evolutionärer Wege in komplexen Systemen, die Prinzipien des Aufbaus von komplexem evolutionärem Ganzen, der Integration von komplexen Strukturen, die sich mit verschiedenen Geschwindigkeiten entwickeln, die Methoden des nichtlinearen Managements komplexer Systeme. Die Synergetik entdeckt allgemeingültige (...)
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  39.  34
    Evgenia M. Nikolaeva (2008). The Principle of Unlinearity in the Research of Social Formation of Personality. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 50:997-1002.
    The problem of person’s social formation becomes especialy actual in all its aspects during the periods of social historical transformations. The guiding lines of individual’s development accepted by society (socialization norms) are either lacking or being overthrown. Such situation demands from the researchers to switch their attention from the mechanisms of sociality reproduction to the mechanisms responsible for the sociality formation. The last ones become the main subject of the self-organization theory (synergetics). According to it, socialization can be represented (...)
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  40.  43
    Tim van Gelder (1999). Defending the Dynamic Hypothesis. In Wolfgang Tschacher & J-P Dauwalder (eds.), Dynamics, Synergetics, Autonomous Agents: Nonlinear Systems Approaches to Cognitive Psychology and Cognitive Science. Singapore: World Scientific
    Cognitive science has always been dominated by the idea that cognition is _computational _in a rather strong and clear sense. Within the mainstream approach, cognitive agents are taken to be what are variously known as _physical symbol_ _systems, digital computers_, _syntactic engines_, or_ symbol manipulators_. Cognitive operations are taken to consist in the shuffling of symbol tokens according to strict rules (programs). Models of cognition are themselves digital computers, implemented on general purpose electronic machines. The basic mathematical framework for understanding (...)
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  41.  4
    J. Z. Hubert (2005). Replacing Mythos by Logos: An Analysis of Conditions and Possibilities in the Light of Information-Thermodynamic Principles of Social Synergetic and of Their Normative Implications. Dialogue and Universalism 15 (1-2):93-104.
    Religions, ideologies try to give a complete vision of the world a vision containing both its origin, explanation and a “normative kit”: a collection of precepts and rules, which should regulate human activities and behavior. Their synergetic meaning is clear: if embraced by all they allow for development of strong synergetic effects on the social macro scales . These in turn may lead to creation of order and beauty, of intellectual, spiritual and moral development within men and in society. In (...)
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  42.  28
    Helena Knyazeva (2009). Nonlinear Cobweb of Cognition. Foundations of Science 14 (3):167-179.
    The modern conception of enactive cognition is under discussion from the standpoint concerning the notions of nonlinear dynamics and synergetics. The contribution of Francisco Varela and his precursors is considered. It is shown that the perceptual and mental processes are bound up with the “architecture” of human body and nonlinear and circular connecting links between the subject of cognition and the world constructed by him can be metaphorically called a nonlinear cobweb of cognition. Cognition is an autopoietic activity because (...)
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  43.  11
    Bai-Lian Li (2002). A Theoretical Framework of Ecological Phase Transitions for Characterizing Tree-Grass Dynamics. Acta Biotheoretica 50 (3):141-154.
    This paper describes a theoretical framework of ecological phase transitions for modeling tree-grass dynamics and analyzing the shifts or phase transitions from one vegetation structure to another in the southern Texas landscape. This framework implements the integration of percolation theory, fractal geometry and phase transition theory as a method for modeling the spatial patterns of tree-grass dynamics, and nonlinear Markov non-equilibrium thermodynamic stability theory as a method for characterizing temporal tree-grass dynamics and phase transition. An historical sequence of aerial photographs (...)
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