Search results for 'System analysis' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Matthias Unterhuber (forthcoming). Do Ceteris Paribus Laws Exist? A Regularity-Based Best System Analysis. Erkenntnis.score: 180.0
    The paper argues that ceteris paribus (cp) laws exist, based on a Lewisian best system analysis of lawhood (BSA). Furthermore, it is shown that a BSA faces a second trivialization problem besides the one identified by Lewis. The first point concerns an argument against cp laws by Earman and Roberts. The second point aims to help making some assumptions of the BSA explicit. To address the second trivialization problem, a restriction in terms of natural logical constants is proposed (...)
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  2. John Roberts (1999). "Laws of Nature" as an Indexical Term: A Reinterpretation of Lewis's Best-System Analysis. Philosophy of Science 66 (3):511.score: 120.0
    David Lewis's best-system analysis of laws of nature is perhaps the best known sophisticated regularity theory of laws. Its strengths are widely recognized, even by some of its ablest critics. Yet it suffers from what appears to be a glaring weakness: It seems to grant an arbitrary privilege to the standards of our own scientific culture. I argue that by reformulating, or reinterpreting, Lewis's exposition of the best-system analysis, we arrive at a view that is free (...)
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  3. Federica Russo (2010). Are Causal Analysis and System Analysis Compatible Approaches? International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 24 (1):67 – 90.score: 120.0
    In social science, one objection to causal analysis is that the assumption of the closure of the system makes the analysis too narrow in scope, that is, it considers only 'closed' and 'hermetic' systems thus neglecting many other external influences. On the contrary, system analysis deals with complex structures where every element is interrelated with everything else in the system. The question arises as to whether the two approaches can be compatible and whether causal (...)
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  4. H. M. Blalock Jr & Ann B. Blalock (1959). Toward a Clarification of System Analysis in the Social Sciences. Philosophy of Science 26 (2):84 - 92.score: 120.0
    This paper attempts to outline some of the important concepts and ideas used in system analysis which is taken to be a general mode of analysis used in all sciences. Systems are seen from three perspectives: (1) that involving the relationship between system and environment, (2) that involving interaction between several systems, and (3) that involving one type of system composed of other types of systems. The writers also discuss the concepts "structure" and "equilibrium" as (...)
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  5. Fausto Caruana (2010). «Learning to See». The Role of the Mirror Neurons System, Between Neuroscience of Perception and Ordinary Language Analysis. Rivista di Filosofia 101 (3):333-354.score: 120.0
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  6. Gerd Sommerhoff (1990). Life, Brain, and Consciousness: New Perceptions Through Targeted Systems Analysis. Distributors for the U.S. And Canada, Elsevier Science Pub. Co..score: 114.0
    In this volume the author tackles this problem in a rigorous analysis which begins with the general dynamics of living systems and leads the reader step-by-step ...
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  7. R. A. Prochukhanov & I. A. Ravkin (1979). Morpho-Functional Principle of Neuroendocrine System Analysis. Acta Biotheoretica 28 (1).score: 114.0
    A new approach to the analysis of the neuroendocrine system (NES) is suggested. It is based on the fact of structural and metabolic determination of any effect on cell and cell aggregates. The principle of a common communication channel in the NES is formulated and a possible method of its formalization is proposed.
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  8. Romain Boulet, Pierre Mazzega & Danièle Bourcier (2011). A Network Approach to the French System of Legal Codes—Part I: Analysis of a Dense Network. [REVIEW] Artificial Intelligence and Law 19 (4):333-355.score: 108.0
    We explore one aspect of the structure of a codified legal system at the national level using a new type of representation to understand the strong or weak dependencies between the various fields of law. In Part I of this study, we analyze the graph associated with the network in which each French legal code is a vertex and an edge is produced between two vertices when a code cites another code at least one time. We show that this (...)
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  9. Stephen Bush, Hershey F., Vosburgh John & Kirby (forthcoming). Brittle System Analysis. Arxiv Preprint Cs/9904016.score: 108.0
    The goal of this paper is to define and analyze systems which exhibit brittle behavior. This behavior is characterized by a sudden and steep decline in performance as the system approaches the limits of tolerance. This can be due to input parameters which exceed a specified input, or environmental conditions which exceed specified operating boundaries. An analogy is made between brittle commmunication systems in particular and materials science.
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  10. Sameed Ahmed Mustafa Khatana, Lan Jiang & Wen‐Chih Wu (2014). A Comprehensive Analysis of Dyslipidaemia Management in a Large Health Care System. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (1):81-87.score: 100.0
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  11. Claus Emmeche (2006). A Semiotic Analysis of the Genetic Information System. Semiotica 2006 (160):1-68.score: 96.0
    Terms loaded with informational connotations are often employed to refer to genes and their dynamics. Indeed, genes are usually perceived by biologists as basically ‘the carriers of hereditary information.’ Nevertheless, a number of researchers consider such talk as inadequate and ‘just metaphorical,’ thus expressing a skepticism about the use of the term ‘information’ and its derivatives in biology as a natural science. First, because the meaning of that term in biology is not as precise as it is, for instance, in (...)
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  12. Emanuela Ceva & Andrea Fracasso (2010). Seeking Mutual Understanding. A Discourse Theoretical Analysis of the WTO Dispute Settlement System. World Trade Review 9 (3):457-485.score: 96.0
    The WTO Dispute Settlement System (DSS) has been the object of many studies in politics, law, and economics focusing on institutional design problems. This paper contributes to such studies by accounting for the argumentative nature and sophisticated features of the DSS through a philosophical analysis of the procedures through which it is articulated. Jürgen Habermas's discourse theory is used as a hermeneutic device to disentangle the types of ‘orientations’ (compromise, consensus, and mutual understanding) pertaining to DSS procedures. We (...)
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  13. Markus Michelbrink (2006). A Buchholz Derivation System for the Ordinal Analysis of KP + Π₃-Reflection. Journal of Symbolic Logic 71 (4):1237 - 1283.score: 96.0
    In this paper we introduce a notation system for the infinitary derivations occurring in the ordinal analysis of KP + Π₃-Reflection due to Michael Rathjen. This allows a finitary ordinal analysis of KP + Π₃-Reflection. The method used is an extension of techniques developed by Wilfried Buchholz, namely operator controlled notation systems for RS∞-derivations. Similarly to Buchholz we obtain a characterisation of the provably recursive functions of KP + Π₃-Reflection as <-recursive functions where < is the ordering (...)
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  14. F. L. McEwen & L. P. Milligan (1992). An Analysis of the Canadian Research and Development System for Agriculture/Food. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 5 (1):107-109.score: 96.0
    The report entitled An Analysis of the Canadian Research and Development System for Agriculture/Food which was presented to the Science Council of Canada in July, 1991 contains many far-reaching recommendations for revisions of the research and educational components of the Agriculture/Food System in Canada. The report calls for research of holistic and interdisciplinary nature. It calls for determination of research priorities by broadly constituted committees which would include reporesentaitves heretofore not included in the process of decisionmaking regarding (...)
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  15. Yuna Chiffoleau & Jean-Marc Touzard (2013). Understanding Local Agri-Food Systems Through Advice Network Analysis. Agriculture and Human Values:1-14.score: 96.0
    Agri-food clusters have generated great interest in recent years and prompted a new wave of research dedicated to ‘Localized Agri-Food Systems’ (SYALs in French). However, the specific nature of relations between firms who belong to SYALs has rarely been studied. Our purpose is to show how the analysis of company directors’ advice networks helps to better understand the specificity and innovative dynamics of SYALs. Our research was based on a case study in the Biterrois wine growing region of southern (...)
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  16. Christopher Hamlin (2011). Bacteriology as a Cultural System: Analysis and its Discontents. History of Science 49 (164):269-298.score: 90.0
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  17. Martiin Rincle (1978). On System Analysis. International Studies in Philosophy 10:184-186.score: 90.0
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  18. Mostafa Bachar (forthcoming). Modeling the Cardiovascular-Respiratory Control System: Data, Model Analysis, and Parameter Estimation. Acta Biotheoretica.score: 84.0
    Several key areas in modeling the cardiovascular and respiratory control systems are reviewed and examples are given which reflect the research state of the art in these areas. Attention is given to the interrelated issues of data collection, experimental design, and model application including model development and analysis. Examples are given of current clinical problems which can be examined via modeling, and important issues related to model adaptation to the clinical setting.
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  19. Nils O. Larsson (2000). Decision Settings Analysis €“ a Tool for Analysis and Design of Human Activity Systems. Theory and Decision 49 (4):339-360.score: 84.0
    The paper describes a methodology to be used for analysis and design of human activity systems. The methodology is based on an analysis of the decision settings whereas most other decision analysis methodologies are analysing the process. The decision concept is analysed and discussed. A distinction between programmed and programmable as well as non-programmed and non-programmable decisions is proposed. A classification of different information types for decision making is presented. A methodology based on a systemic and systematic (...)
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  20. Peter J. Carew & Larry Stapleton (forthcoming). Towards Empathy: A Human-Centred Analysis of Rationality, Ethics and Praxis in Systems Development. AI and Society:1-18.score: 84.0
    Functionalism has long been the dominant paradigm in systems development practice. However, functionalism promotes an innate and immutable instrumental rationality that is indifferent to human values, rights, society, culture and international stability. It, in essence, lacks empathy. Although alternative paradigms have been promoted for decades in the systems development literature to help address this deficit, functionalism remains dominant. This paper reiterates the call for a fundamental paradigm shift away from myopic functionalism and towards a more empathic and human-centred philosophy. It (...)
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  21. Chi‐Ming Chang, Wen‐Chou Lin, Hsu‐Sung Kuo, Ming‐Fang Yen & Tony Hsiu‐Hsi Chen (2007). Estimation and Prediction System for Multi‐State Disease Process: Application to Analysis of Organized Screening Regime. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (6):867-881.score: 84.0
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  22. Thomas J. Wheeler (2007). Analysis, Modeling, Emergence & Integration in Complex Systems: A Modeling and Integration Framework & System Biology. Complexity 13 (1):60-75.score: 84.0
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  23. M. Clare Derrington, Elizabeth S. Draper, Ronald T. Hsu & Jennifer J. Kurinczuk (2003). Can Safety Assurance Procedures in the Food Industry Be Used to Evaluate a Medical Screening Programme? The Application of the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point System to an Antenatal Serum Screening Programme for Down's Syndrome. Stage 2: Overcoming the Hazards in Programme Delivery. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 9 (1):49-57.score: 84.0
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  24. M. Clare Derrington, Janet D. Glencross, Elizabeth S. Draper, Ronald T. Hsu & Jennifer J. Kurinczuk (2003). Can Safety Assurance Procedures in the Food Industry Be Used to Evaluate a Medical Screening Programme? The Application of the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point System to an Antenatal Serum Screening Programme for Down's Syndrome. Stage 1: Identifying Significant Hazards. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 9 (1):39-47.score: 84.0
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  25. Donald J. Foss (1968). An Analysis of Learning in a Miniature Linguistic System. Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (3p1):450.score: 84.0
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  26. Gen Ohi, Akira Akabayashi & Michio Miyasaka (1998). Japan's Egalitarian Health Care System: A Brief Historical Analysis. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 6 (2):141-149.score: 84.0
    Japan is one of several East Asian countries that share an ethical system of mutual support. A review of Japan’s health care system reveals a strong egalitarian ethos often considered unique by outside observers.
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  27. Mathijs Boer, Dov M. Gabbay, Xavier Parent & Marija Slavkovic (2012). Two Dimensional Standard Deontic Logic [Including a Detailed Analysis of the 1985 Jones–Pörn Deontic Logic System]. Synthese 187 (2):623-660.score: 78.0
    This paper offers a two dimensional variation of Standard Deontic Logic SDL, which we call 2SDL. Using 2SDL we can show that we can overcome many of the difficulties that SDL has in representing linguistic sets of Contrary-to-Duties (known as paradoxes) including the Chisholm, Ross, Good Samaritan and Forrester paradoxes. We note that many dimensional logics have been around since 1947, and so 2SDL could have been presented already in the 1970s. Better late than never! As a detailed case study (...)
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  28. Alan Wong & Eugene Beckman (1992). An Applied Ethical Analysis System in Business. Journal of Business Ethics 11 (3):173 - 178.score: 78.0
    Much of the discussion on business ethics is philosophical in nature. There is no lack of theories and ideals on moral reasoning. What is missing is translating these moral theories and principles into specific, operational procedures that can indicate a proper course of action. Although most business actions are routine and do not raise serious ethical questions, many people experience difficulty in applying their personal moral principles to specific business decisions in ethically-dilemmatic situations.This study seeks to develop a framework that (...)
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  29. Ming Dong Gu (2005). The "Zhouyi" (Book of Changes) as an Open Classic: A Semiotic Analysis of Its System of Representation. Philosophy East and West 55 (2):257 - 282.score: 78.0
    The Zhouyi is the first of the Chinese classics and has, since medieval times, fascinated scholars from different parts of the world, who have produced numerous studies and expressed a dazzling array of views on its nature. It is argued that the Zhouyi has retained its exalted status and enduring appeal largely because it is an open book amenable to all kinds of appropriations and manipulations, and its openness comes from its being a semiotic system whose principle of composition (...)
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  30. Mathijs de Boer, Dov M. Gabbay, Xavier Parent & Marija Slavkovic (2012). Two Dimensional Standard Deontic Logic [Including a Detailed Analysis of the 1985 Jones–Pörn Deontic Logic System]. Synthese 187 (2):623-660.score: 78.0
    This paper offers a two dimensional variation of Standard Deontic Logic SDL, which we call 2SDL. Using 2SDL we can show that we can overcome many of the difficulties that SDL has in representing linguistic sets of Contrary-to-Duties (known as paradoxes) including the Chisholm, Ross, Good Samaritan and Forrester paradoxes. We note that many dimensional logics have been around since 1947, and so 2SDL could have been presented already in the 1970s. Better late than never! As a detailed case study (...)
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  31. Patrick Eparvier (2005). Methods of Evolutionism and Rivalry with Neoclassical Analysis. The Example of the National System of Innovation Concept. Journal of Economic Methodology 12 (4):563-579.score: 78.0
    This paper focuses on the implications for the economic analysis of growth and innovation in relation to the NSI concept being part of the evolutionary research programme. We show that the modern evolutionism associates descriptive and theoretical works following specific methodological reasons. It is then argued that the NSI concept has a particularly important place within the evolutionary research programme, because it challenges and is challenged by the new neoclassical theories of growth concerning the explanation of the convergence/divergence process (...)
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  32. Zihu Liu (2008). The Structure System of Human Spirit, Together with Stratification Analysis. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 42:161-163.score: 78.0
    In this paper, the spirit of human was discovered to be a kind of system to process information which is obedient to the life’s oriented. It emanates from body but surpasses body, they can work together harmoniously, and grow up jointly. Just like the hardware and the software of the computer, our physical body corresponds to the hardware, our spirit corresponds to the software. This software system is far from nothing, it has specific structure system and runningmechanism, (...)
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  33. Jerome De Lisle, Peter Smith & Vena Jules (2005). Which Males or Females Are Most at Risk and on What? An Analysis of Gender Differentials Within the Primary School System of Trinidad and Tobago. Educational Studies 31 (4):393-418.score: 78.0
    This paper reviews the work on gendered achievement in the English?speaking Caribbean, with its often explicit focus on underachieving males. However, patterns of gendered achievement are more likely region?specific and variegated in some contexts. In Trinidad and Tobago, the full?scale implementation of national assessments in 2004 provided an opportunity to evaluate mathematics and language performance across the entire pupil population at standards 1 (7? to 8?year?olds) and 3 (9? to 10?year?olds). Census data from the high?stakes 2003 Secondary Entrance Assessment (SEA) (...)
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  34. R. E. Kearney & I. W. Hunter (1982). Systems Analysis in the Study of the Motor-Control System: Control Theory Alone is Insufficient. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (4):553.score: 78.0
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  35. Bonachristus Umeogu (2012). Igbo African Legal and Justice System: A Philosophical Analysis. Open Journal of Philosophy 2 (2):116-122.score: 78.0
    Law is a body of rules whether formal, written, informal or unwritten that are used to maintain relative peace and order in any given society. Before the advent of civilization, the Igbo people had their own legal system which though might look different in form from the western law but have the same purpose of guiding man into the state of oughtness. This research paper mirrored the legal and justice system of the Igbo people.
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  36. Howard Eichenbaum (1994). The Hippocampal System and Declarative Memory in Humans and Animals: Experimental Analysis and Historical Origins. In Memory Systems. Mit Press. 147--201.score: 74.0
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  37. Anna Burduk (2012). Assessment of Risk in a Production System with the Use of the FMEA Analysis and Linguistic Variables. In. In Emilio Corchado, Vaclav Snasel, Ajith Abraham, Michał Woźniak, Manuel Grana & Sung-Bae Cho (eds.), Hybrid Artificial Intelligent Systems. Springer. 250--258.score: 74.0
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  38. Arsène Sabas, Sylvain Delisle & Mourad Badri (2002). A Comparative Analysis of Multiagent System Development Methodologies: Towards a Unified Approach. In Robert Trappl (ed.), Cybernetics and Systems. Austrian Society for Cybernetics Studies. 599--604.score: 74.0
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  39. William P. Bechtel (2001). The Compatibility of Complex Systems and Reduction: A Case Analysis of Memory Research. [REVIEW] Minds And Machines 11 (4):483-502.score: 72.0
    Some theorists who emphasize the complexity of biological and cognitive systems and who advocate the employment of the tools of dynamical systems theory in explaining them construe complexity and reduction as exclusive alternatives. This paper argues that reduction, an approach to explanation that decomposes complex activities and localizes the components within the complex system, is not only compatible with an emphasis on complexity, but provides the foundation for dynamical analysis. Explanation via decomposition and localization is nonetheless extremely challenging, (...)
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  40. Paul Bernays (1942). A System of Axiomatic Set Theory: Part III. Infinity and Enumerability. Analysis. Journal of Symbolic Logic 7 (2):65-89.score: 72.0
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  41. Herman Tennessen (1959). 'The System of Private Enterprise', an Empirio-Semantical Analysis of a Slogan. Synthese 11 (1):72 - 83.score: 72.0
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  42. R. M. Bergström (1967). Neural Macrostates: An Analysis of the Function of the Information-Carrying System of the Brain. Synthese 17 (4):425 - 443.score: 72.0
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  43. H. B. Enderton (1969). Review: A. Mostowski, A Class of Models for Second Order Arithmetic; A. Mostowski, Formal System of Analysis Based on an Infinitistic Rule of Proof. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 34 (1):128-129.score: 72.0
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  44. Hajime Etô (1970). A Planning System in Terms of Conceptual Analysis. Kagaku Tetsugaku 3:73-84.score: 72.0
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  45. Akihiro T. Sasaki, Takanori Kochiyama, Motoaki Sugiura, Hiroki C. Tanabe & Norihiro Sadato (2012). Neural Networks for Action Representation: A Functional Magnetic-Resonance Imaging and Dynamic Causal Modeling Study. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 72.0
    Automatic mimicry is based on the tight linkage between motor and perception action representations in which internal models play a key role. Based on the anatomical connection, we hypothesized that the direct effective connectivity from the posterior superior temporal sulcus (pSTS) to the ventral premotor area (PMv) formed an inverse internal model, converting visual representation into a motor plan, and that reverse connectivity formed a forward internal model, converting the motor plan into a sensory outcome of action. To test this (...)
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  46. Johann P. Arnason (1995). The System That Never Was: Reflections On Ferenc Feher's Analysis of Communism. Thesis Eleven 42 (1):19-31.score: 72.0
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  47. Gustavo Noronha De Avila, Gerson Antonio De Avila & Gabriel Jose Chitto Gauer (2003). Is the Unified List System for Organ Transplants Fair? Analysis of Opinions From Different Groups in Brazil. Bioethics 17 (5-6):425-431.score: 72.0
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  48. Cecil Patrick Courtney (2009). Morals and Manners in Montesquieu's Analysis of the British System of Liberty'. In Rebecca Kingston (ed.), Montesquieu and His Legacy. State University of New York Press.score: 72.0
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  49. Doris Fuchs, Agni Kalfagianni & Jennifer Clapp (forthcoming). Private Governance in the Global Agro-Food System A Framework for Analysis. Agriculture and Human Values.score: 72.0
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