Search results for 'System theory' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Ludwig von Bertalanffy (1975). Perspectives on General System Theory Scientific-Philosophical Studies.
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  2.  31
    Mohammadreza Zolfagharian, Reza Akbari & Hamidreza Fartookzadeh (2014). Theory of Knowledge in System Dynamics Models. Foundations of Science 19 (2):189-207.
    Having entered into the problem structuring methods, system dynamics (SD) is an approach, among systems’ methodologies, which claims to recognize the main structures of socio-economic behaviors. However, the concern for building or discovering strong philosophical underpinnings of SD, undoubtedly playing an important role in the modeling process, is a long-standing issue, in a way that there is a considerable debate about the assumptions or the philosophical foundations of it. In this paper, with a new perspective, we have explored (...) of knowledge in SD models and found strange similarities between classic epistemological concepts such as justification and truth, and the mechanism of obtaining knowledge in SD models. In this regard, we have discussed related theories of epistemology and based on this analysis, have suggested some implications for moderating common problems in the modeling process of SD. Furthermore, this research could be considered a reword of system dynamics modeling principles in terms of theory of knowledge. (shrink)
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  3.  9
    Maribel Anacona, Luis Carlos Arboleda & F. Javier Pérez-Fernández (2014). On Bourbaki's Axiomatic System for Set Theory. Synthese 191 (17):4069-4098.
    In this paper we study the axiomatic system proposed by Bourbaki for the Theory of Sets in the Éléments de Mathématique. We begin by examining the role played by the sign \(\uptau \) in the framework of its formal logical theory and then we show that the system of axioms for set theory is equivalent to Zermelo–Fraenkel system with the axiom of choice but without the axiom of foundation. Moreover, we study Grothendieck’s proposal of (...)
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  4.  9
    Darrell Arnold (2011). Hegel and Ecologically Oriented System Theory. Journal of Philosophy: A Cross-Disciplinary Inquiry 7 (16):53-64.
    Building on the views of Kant and early nineteenth century life scientists, Hegel develops a view of systems that is a clear precursor to the developments in Ludwig von Bertalanffy’s general system theory, as well as the thinking of the ecologically minded system thinkers that built upon the foundation Bertalanffy laid. Hegel describes systems as organic wholes in which the parts respectively serve as means and ends. Further, in the Encyclopedia version of the logic Hegel notes that (...)
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  5.  16
    Gerben J. Stavenga (2006). Ultimate Questions of Science and the Theory of System Relations. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 37 (1):111 - 137.
    Whenever an adequate theory is found in science, we will still be left with two questions: why this theory rather than some other theory, and how should this theory be interpreted? I argue that these questions can be answered by a theory of system relations. The basic idea is that fundamental characteristics of systems, viz. those arising from the general systemic nature of those systems, cannot be comprehended with the aid of discipline-specific methods. The (...)
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  6. Chiara Certomà (2006). Ecology, Environmentalism and System Theory. Kybernetes. The International Journal of Systems and Cybernetics 35 (6).
    The paper identifies the relation between ecology and environmentalism through the emergence of system theory.
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  7.  84
    H. Atmanspacher & H. Scheingraber (1987). A Fundamental Link Between System Theory and Statistical Mechanics. Foundations of Physics 17 (9):939-963.
    A fundamental link between system theory and statistical mechanics has been found to be established by the Kolmogorov entropy K. By this quantity the temporal evolution of dynamical systems can be classified into regular, chaotic, and stochastic processes. Since K represents a measure for the internal information creation rate of dynamical systems, it provides an approach to irreversibility. The formal relationship to statistical mechanics is derived by means of an operator formalism originally introduced by Prigogine. For a Liouville (...)
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  8.  13
    D. Heinke (2000). A Dynamical System Theory Approach to Cognitive Neuroscience. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):543-543.
    Neural organization contains a wealth of facts from all areas of brain research and provides a useful overview of physiological data for those working outside the immediate field. Furthermore, it gives a good example that the approach of dynamical system theory together with the concepts of cooperative and competitive interaction can be fruitful for an interdisciplinary approach to cognition.
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  9.  11
    Péter Érdi (1993). Neurodynamic System Theory: Scope and Limits. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 14 (2).
    This paper proposes that neurodynamic system theory may be used to connect structural and functional aspects of neural organization. The paper claims that generalized causal dynamic models are proper tools for describing the self-organizing mechanism of the nervous system. In particular, it is pointed out that ontogeny, development, normal performance, learning, and plasticity, can be treated by coherent concepts and formalism. Taking into account the self-referential character of the brain, autopoiesis, endophysics and hermeneutics are offered as elements (...)
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  10.  4
    S. R. Coleman (2000). Adaptiveness, Law-of-Effect Theory, and Control-System Theory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):253-253.
    It is suggested that the control-system theory of Domjan et al. restates in engineering vocabulary the primary thesis of law-of-effect theories: namely, that classical-conditioning arrangements may involve CR-contingent reinforcement. The research cited by Domjan et al. is relevant to the idea that classical conditioning is an adaptive process, but is irrelevant to their control-system theory.
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  11. Anton Dumitriu (1970). Theory and System. [Bologna],Cappelli.
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  12. Timo Jarvilehto (2000). The Theory of the Organism-Environment System: IV. The Problem of Mental Activity and Consciousness. Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science 35 (1):35-57.
  13.  11
    Bertha Mook (1985). Phenomenology, System Theory and Family Therapy. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 16 (1):1-12.
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  14.  63
    Timo Jarvilehto (1999). The Theory of the Organism-Environment System: III. Role of Efferent Influences on Receptors in the Formation of Knowledge. Philosophical Explorations 34:90-100.
    The present article is an attempt to give - in the frame of the theory of the organism - environment system - a new interpretation to the role of efferent influences on receptor activity and to the functions of senses in the formation of knowledge. It is argued, on the basis of experimental evidence and theoretical considerations, that the senses are not transmitters of environmental information, but they create a direct connection between the organism and the environment, which (...)
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  15.  12
    Ryan Nichols (2015). Early Confucianism is a System for Social-Functional Influence and Probably Does Not Represent a Normative Ethical Theory. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 14 (4):499-520.
    To the question “What normative ethical theory does early Confucianism best represent?” researchers in the history of early Confucian philosophy respond with more than half a dozen different answers. They include sentimentalism, amoralism, pragmatism, Kantianism, Aristotelian virtue theory, care ethics, and role ethics. The lack of consensus is concerning, as three considerations make clear. First, fully trained, often leading, scholars advocate each of the theories. Second, nearly all participants in the debate believe that the central feature of early (...)
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  16.  43
    Albert Bergesen (1984). The Critique of World-System Theory: Class Relations or Division of Labor? Sociological Theory 2:365-372.
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  17.  8
    George Voutsadakis (2006). Categorical Abstract Algebraic Logic: The Largest Theory System Included in a Theory Family. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 52 (3):288-294.
    In this note, it is shown that, given a π -institution ℐ = 〈Sign, SEN, C 〉, with N a category of natural transformations on SEN, every theory family T of ℐ includes a unique largest theory system equation image of ℐ. equation image satisfies the important property that its N -Leibniz congruence system always includes that of T . As a consequence, it is shown, on the one hand, that the relation ΩN = ΩN characterizes (...)
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  18.  14
    Yury P. Shimansky (2004). The Concept of a Universal Learning System as a Basis for Creating a General Mathematical Theory of Learning. Minds and Machines 14 (4):453-484.
    The number of studies related to natural and artificial mechanisms of learning rapidly increases. However, there is no general theory of learning that could provide a unifying basis for exploring different directions in this growing field. For a long time the development of such a theory has been hindered by nativists' belief that the development of a biological organism during ontogeny should be viewed as parameterization of an innate, encoded in the genome structure by an innate algorithm, and (...)
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  19.  8
    Robert Wuthnow (1979). The Emergence of Modern Science and World System Theory. Theory and Society 8 (2):215-243.
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  20.  6
    Francesco Belvisi (2014). Legal Argumentation and Justice in Luhmann's System Theory of Law. International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 27 (2):341-357.
    The paper reconstructs Luhmann’s conception of legal argumentation and justice especially focussing on the aspects of contingency and self-referring operative closure. The aim of his conception is to describe/explain in a disenchanted way—from an external, of “second order” point of view—the work on adjudication, which, rather idealistically, lawyers and judges present as being a matter of reason. As a consequence of some surface similarities with Derrida’s deconstructive philosophy of justice, Teubner proposes integrating the supposed reductive image of formal justice described (...)
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  21.  2
    Berislav Žarnić (2006). A Labelled Deduction System for Kanger's Theory of Rights. Filozofska Istrazivanja 26 (3):731-755.
    Basin-Matthews-Viganò approach to construction of labelled deduction systems for normal modal logics is adapted to „Fitch proof-format“, and it is applied to the language of deontic-praxeological logic. Segerberg's suggestion on how to asses the adequacy of a logic for Kanger's theory of rights is being formally explicated and it is proved that herewith proposed system of labelled deduction satisfies Segerberg's criteria of adequacy. For the purpose of building the proof a semantics is given, which connects „the simplest semantics (...)
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  22.  9
    Yossi Yonah (2000). Parental Choice in Israel's Educational System: Theory Vs. Praxis. [REVIEW] Studies in Philosophy and Education 19 (5/6):445-464.
    In the last two decades the Israeli educational system has undergone major changes which have transformed it from a state-controlled, overly bureaucratic and almost fully state-financed system into a decentralized, partly locally controlled and increasingly privately financed system. Advocates of this transformation of the educational system appeal to the ideal of parental choice. They argue that the implementation of parental choice programs in education shows more respect to the children and their unique talents, take their self-realization (...)
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  23.  2
    A. Bergesen (1990). Turning World-System Theory on its Head. Theory, Culture and Society 7 (2):67-81.
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  24. Ludwig von Bertalanffy (1950). An Outline of General System Theory. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 1 (2):134-165.
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  25.  5
    M. Wichers, J. T. W. Wigman & I. Myin-Germeys (2015). Micro-Level Affect Dynamics in Psychopathology Viewed From Complex Dynamical System Theory. Emotion Review 7 (4):362-367.
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  26. David Schweickart (2004). Successor-System Theory as an Orienting Device: Trying to Understand China. Nature, Society, and Thought 17 (4):389-412.
    My interest in China was rekindled several years ago by an invitation to a conference, "Modernization, Globalization and China's Path to Economic Development," to he held in Hangzhou, July, 2002. The conference was organized by Cao Tian Yu, a philosopher of science at Boston University and his wife Lin Chun of the London School of Economics--both deeply concerned about the future of China. It was attended by a number of Western Leftists (Samir Amin, Perry Anderson, Robin Blackburn and myself), by (...)
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  27. Walter Mischel & Yuichi Shoda (1995). A Cognitive-Affective System Theory of Personality: Reconceptualizing Situations, Dispositions, Dynamics, and Invariance in Personality Structure. Psychological Review 102 (2):246-268.
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  28.  71
    Ludwig Bertalanffvony (1950). An Outline of General System Theory. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 1 (2):134-165.
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  29.  11
    V. V. Kryssanov & K. Kakusho (2005). From Semiotics of Hypermedia to Physics of Semiosis: A View From System Theory. Semiotica 2005 (154 - 1/4):11-38.
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  30. John R. Anderson & Michael Matessa (1997). A Production System Theory of Serial Memory. Psychological Review 104 (4):728-748.
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  31.  6
    Gilbert Harman (1983). Adaptationist Theorizing and Intentional System Theory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (3):365.
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  32.  3
    Veit Pittioni (1979). Ontology, System-Theory and Semantics. Philosophy and History 12 (2):153-155.
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  33.  4
    Jonatan García-Campos (2009). Justification and Rationality From the Perspective of the Dual System Theory of Reasoning. Ideas Y Valores 58 (139):61-86.
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  34. Edmond M. Dewan (1976). Consciousness as an Emergent Causal Agent in the Context of Control System Theory. In Gordon G. Globus, Grover Maxwell & I. Savodnik (eds.), Consciousness and the Brain. Plenum Press
  35.  13
    James E. Witnauer, Gonzalo P. Urcelay & Ralph R. Miller (2009). A One-System Theory That is Not Propositional. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (2):228-229.
    We argue that the propositional and link-based approaches to human contingency learning represent different levels of analysis because propositional reasoning requires a basis, which is plausibly provided by a link-based architecture. Moreover, in their attempt to compare two general classes of models (link-based and propositional), Mitchell et al. refer to only two generic models and ignore the large variety of different models within each class.
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  36.  3
    John L. Casti (2001). Risk, Natural Disasters, and Complex System Theory. Complexity 7 (2):11-13.
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  37.  3
    Hassan Mortazavian (1983). On System Theory and its Relevance to Problems in Information Science. In Fritz Machlup (ed.), The Study of Information: Interdisciplinary Messages. Wiley
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  38.  9
    Johann-Peter Regelmann (1984). On the Necessity of a System Theory of Evolution and its Population-Biologic Foundation: A Reply to Günter Wagner's Commentary. Acta Biotheoretica 33 (2):133-139.
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  39.  1
    L. A. Zadeh (1970). Review: Sampo Salovaara, On Set Theoretical Foundations of System Theory. Concept. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (4):597-597.
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  40.  1
    Ana Duek, Bambang Brodjonegoro & Ridwan Rusli (2010). Reinterpreting Social Processes: How System Theory Can Help To Understand Organizations And The Example Of Indonesia's Decentralization. Emergence: Complexity and Organization 12 (4).
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  41. Ludwig von Bertalanffy (1950). An Outline of General System Theory. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 1 (2):134-165.
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  42. T. Cheung (2004). Charles Bonnet's General System Theory of Organismic Order. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 26 (2):177-207.
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  43. G. Humphrey (1937). A Note on System-Theory. Psychological Review 44 (4):346-348.
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  44. Michael H. Van Kleeck (1988). Intentional System Theory and Experimental Psychology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (3):533.
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  45. C. Warnkeova (1979). System Theory of Society in the Light of Marxist Dialectic. Filosoficky Casopis 27 (4):553-562.
     
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  46. W. Yourgrau (1952). General System Theory and the Vitalism-Mechanism controversy. Scientia 46 (87):307.
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  47. L. A. Zadeh (1970). Salovaara Sampo. On Set Theoretical Foundations of System Theory. A Study of the State Concept. Acta Polytechnica Scandinavica, Mathematics and Computing Machinery Series No. 15, Finnish Academy of Technical Sciences, Helsinki 1967, 78 Pp. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (4):597.
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  48.  26
    David Brax (2008). Pleasure in the Motivational System: Towards an Empirically Responsible Theory of Value. In Martin Jönsson (ed.), Proceedings of the Lund-Rutgers Conference. Lund University
    Theories about value struggles with the problem how toaccount for the motivational force inherent to value judgments. Whereasthe exact role of motivation in evaluation is the subject of somecontroversy, it’s arguably a truism that value has something to do withmotivation. In this paper, I suggest that given that the role of motivationin ethical theory is left quite unspecific by the “truisms” or “platitudes”governing evaluative concepts, a scientific understanding of motivationcan provide a rich source of clues for how we might (...)
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  49.  47
    Mary Ann Mavrinac (2006). Self as System: Comparing the Grounded Theory of Protecting Self and Autopoiesis. World Futures 62 (7):516 – 523.
    The author compares the theoretical elements of her grounded theory, Protecting Self: Experiencing Organizational Change, with autopoiesis, a biological theory of living systems. Autopoiesis, meaning self-production, is a closed system that recursively generates the same organization, components, and network of processes from which they are produced. A cautious extrapolation of theoretical similarities between the two theories is presented, including self-referentiality, self-maintenance, circularity, individuality, and the maintenance of identity. The author concludes that this comparison provides a thought-provoking argument (...)
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  50.  6
    Arief Daynes (2000). A Strictly Finitary Non-Triviality Proof for a Paraconsistent System of Set Theory Deductively Equivalent to Classical ZFC Minus Foundation. Archive for Mathematical Logic 39 (8):581-598.
    The paraconsistent system CPQ-ZFC/F is defined. It is shown using strong non-finitary methods that the theorems of CPQ-ZFC/F are exactly the theorems of classical ZFC minus foundation. The proof presented in the paper uses the assumption that a strongly inaccessible cardinal exists. It is then shown using strictly finitary methods that CPQ-ZFC/F is non-trivial. CPQ-ZFC/F thus provides a formulation of set theory that has the same deductive power as the corresponding classical system but is more reliable in (...)
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