Search results for 'System theory' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Gerben J. Stavenga (2006). Ultimate Questions of Science and the Theory of System Relations. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 37 (1):111 - 137.score: 150.0
    Whenever an adequate theory is found in science, we will still be left with two questions: why this theory rather than some other theory, and how should this theory be interpreted? I argue that these questions can be answered by a theory of system relations. The basic idea is that fundamental characteristics of systems, viz. those arising from the general systemic nature of those systems, cannot be comprehended with the aid of discipline-specific methods. The (...)
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  2. Darrell Arnold (2011). Hegel and Ecologically Oriented System Theory. Journal of Philosophy: A Cross-Disciplinary Inquiry 7 (16):53-64.score: 148.0
    Building on the views of Kant and early nineteenth century life scientists, Hegel develops a view of systems that is a clear precursor to the developments in Ludwig von Bertalanffy’s general system theory, as well as the thinking of the ecologically minded system thinkers that built upon the foundation Bertalanffy laid. Hegel describes systems as organic wholes in which the parts respectively serve as means and ends. Further, in the Encyclopedia version of the logic Hegel notes that (...)
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  3. Mohammadreza Zolfagharian, Reza Akbari & Hamidreza Fartookzadeh (2014). Theory of Knowledge in System Dynamics Models. Foundations of Science 19 (2):189-207.score: 144.0
    Having entered into the problem structuring methods, system dynamics (SD) is an approach, among systems’ methodologies, which claims to recognize the main structures of socio-economic behaviors. However, the concern for building or discovering strong philosophical underpinnings of SD, undoubtedly playing an important role in the modeling process, is a long-standing issue, in a way that there is a considerable debate about the assumptions or the philosophical foundations of it. In this paper, with a new perspective, we have explored (...) of knowledge in SD models and found strange similarities between classic epistemological concepts such as justification and truth, and the mechanism of obtaining knowledge in SD models. In this regard, we have discussed related theories of epistemology and based on this analysis, have suggested some implications for moderating common problems in the modeling process of SD. Furthermore, this research could be considered a reword of system dynamics modeling principles in terms of theory of knowledge. (shrink)
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  4. Chiara Certomà (2006). Ecology, Environmentalism and System Theory. Kybernetes. The International Journal of Systems and Cybernetics 35 (6).score: 134.0
    The paper identifies the relation between ecology and environmentalism through the emergence of system theory.
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  5. Anton Dumitriu (1970). Theory and System. [Bologna],Cappelli.score: 132.0
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  6. H. Atmanspacher & H. Scheingraber (1987). A Fundamental Link Between System Theory and Statistical Mechanics. Foundations of Physics 17 (9):939-963.score: 120.0
    A fundamental link between system theory and statistical mechanics has been found to be established by the Kolmogorov entropy K. By this quantity the temporal evolution of dynamical systems can be classified into regular, chaotic, and stochastic processes. Since K represents a measure for the internal information creation rate of dynamical systems, it provides an approach to irreversibility. The formal relationship to statistical mechanics is derived by means of an operator formalism originally introduced by Prigogine. For a Liouville (...)
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  7. D. Heinke (2000). A Dynamical System Theory Approach to Cognitive Neuroscience. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):543-543.score: 120.0
    Neural organization contains a wealth of facts from all areas of brain research and provides a useful overview of physiological data for those working outside the immediate field. Furthermore, it gives a good example that the approach of dynamical system theory together with the concepts of cooperative and competitive interaction can be fruitful for an interdisciplinary approach to cognition.
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  8. Péter Érdi (1993). Neurodynamic System Theory: Scope and Limits. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 14 (2).score: 120.0
    This paper proposes that neurodynamic system theory may be used to connect structural and functional aspects of neural organization. The paper claims that generalized causal dynamic models are proper tools for describing the self-organizing mechanism of the nervous system. In particular, it is pointed out that ontogeny, development, normal performance, learning, and plasticity, can be treated by coherent concepts and formalism. Taking into account the self-referential character of the brain, autopoiesis, endophysics and hermeneutics are offered as elements (...)
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  9. S. R. Coleman (2000). Adaptiveness, Law-of-Effect Theory, and Control-System Theory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):253-253.score: 120.0
    It is suggested that the control-system theory of Domjan et al. restates in engineering vocabulary the primary thesis of law-of-effect theories: namely, that classical-conditioning arrangements may involve CR-contingent reinforcement. The research cited by Domjan et al. is relevant to the idea that classical conditioning is an adaptive process, but is irrelevant to their control-system theory.
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  10. Bertha Mook (1985). Phenomenology, System Theory and Family Therapy. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 16 (1):1-12.score: 118.0
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  11. Francis Halsall (2008). Systems of Art: Art, History and Systems Theory. Peter Lang.score: 116.0
    Systems theory understands phenomena in terms of the systems of which they are part. This book is about a systems theoretical approach to thinking about art.
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  12. Ingetraut Dahlberg (2008). The Information Coding Classification (ICC): A Modern, Theory-Based Fully-Faceted, Universal System of Knowledge Fields. [REVIEW] Axiomathes 18 (2):161-176.score: 114.0
    Introduction into the structure, contents and specifications (especially the Systematifier) of the Information Coding Classification, developed in the seventies and used in many ways by the author and a few others following its publication in 1982. Its theoretical basis is explained consisting in (1) the Integrative Level Theory, following an evolutionary approach of ontical areas, and integrating also on each level the aspects contained in the sequence of the levels, (2) the distinction between categories of form and (...) of being, (3) the application of a feature of Systems Theory (namely the element position plan) and (4) the inclusion of a concept theory, distinguishing four kinds of relationships, originated by the kinds of characteristics (which are the elements of concepts to be derived from the statements on the properties of referents of concepts). Its special Subject Groups on each of its nine levels are outlined and the combinatory facilities at certain positions of the Systematifier are shown. Further elaboration and use have been suggested, be it only as a switching language between the six existing universal classification systems at present in use internationally. (shrink)
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  13. Samir Rihani (2002). Complex Systems Theory and Development Practice: Understanding Non-Linear Realities. Zed Books.score: 114.0
    Here, for the first time, development studies encounters the set of ideas popularly known as 'Chaos Theory'. Samir Rihani applies to the processes of economic development, ideas from complex adaptive systems like uncertainty, complexity, and unpredictability. Rihani examines various aspects of the development process - including the World Bank, debt, and the struggle against poverty - and demonstrates the limitations of fundamentally linear thinking in an essentially non-linear world.
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  14. Michael McCubbin & David Cohen (1999). A Systemic and Value-Based Approach to Strategic Reform of the Mental Health System. Health Care Analysis 7 (1):57-77.score: 108.0
    Most writers now recognize that mental health policy and the mental health system are extremely resistant to real changes that reflect genuine biopsychosocial paradigms of mental disorder. Writers bemoaning the intransigence of the mental health system tend to focus on a small analytical level, only to find themselves mired in the rationalities of the existing system. Problems are acknowledged to be system-wide, yet few writers have used a method of analysis appropriate for systemic problems. Drawing upon (...)
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  15. Yury P. Shimansky (2004). The Concept of a Universal Learning System as a Basis for Creating a General Mathematical Theory of Learning. Minds and Machines 14 (4):453-484.score: 108.0
    The number of studies related to natural and artificial mechanisms of learning rapidly increases. However, there is no general theory of learning that could provide a unifying basis for exploring different directions in this growing field. For a long time the development of such a theory has been hindered by nativists' belief that the development of a biological organism during ontogeny should be viewed as parameterization of an innate, encoded in the genome structure by an innate algorithm, and (...)
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  16. Steven E. Wallis (forthcoming). Structures of Logic in Policy and Theory: Identifying Sub-Systemic Bricks for Investigating, Building, and Understanding Conceptual Systems. Foundations of Science:1-19.score: 108.0
    A rapidly growing body of scholarship shows that we can gain new insights into theories and policies by understanding and increasing their systemic structure. This paper will present an overview of this expanding field and discuss how concepts of structure are being applied in a variety of contexts to support collaboration, decision making, learning, prediction, and results. Next, it will delve into the underlying structures of logic that may be found within those theories and policies. Here, we will go beyond (...)
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  17. Tage Frandberg (2001). Living Systems: Theory and Application. Nova Science Publishers.score: 102.0
  18. Partow Izadi (2003). In Quest of the Science of Education: From Reductionistic Discourse to Systemic Theory. University of Lapland, Faculty of Education.score: 102.0
     
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  19. Jill Vickers (1991). An Examination of the Scientific Mode of Enquiry in Politics: With Special Reference to Systems Theory in the Works of Easton, Almond, Kaplan, and Deutsch. Garland.score: 102.0
  20. Hans-Ulrich Dallmann (1998). Niklas Luhmann's Systems Theory as a Challenge for Ethics. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 1 (1):85-102.score: 100.0
    The author discusses Niklas Luhmann's concept of ethics and morals. Therefore he sketches the main traits of Luhmann's theory of systems (e.g. the terms autopoiesis, system and environment, code and programme). From the system-theoretical point of view, ethics are characterized as the reflexive theory of morals. Morals are described as the communication of regard or disregard. The author shows which consequences follow from this concept by discussing problems concerning several subsystems at the same time. The problems (...)
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  21. Albert Bergesen (1984). The Critique of World-System Theory: Class Relations or Division of Labor? Sociological Theory 2:365-372.score: 96.0
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  22. Mary Ann Mavrinac (2006). Self as System: Comparing the Grounded Theory of Protecting Self and Autopoiesis. World Futures 62 (7):516 – 523.score: 96.0
    The author compares the theoretical elements of her grounded theory, Protecting Self: Experiencing Organizational Change, with autopoiesis, a biological theory of living systems. Autopoiesis, meaning self-production, is a closed system that recursively generates the same organization, components, and network of processes from which they are produced. A cautious extrapolation of theoretical similarities between the two theories is presented, including self-referentiality, self-maintenance, circularity, individuality, and the maintenance of identity. The author concludes that this comparison provides a thought-provoking argument (...)
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  23. Tjeerd Van De Laar (2006). Dynamical Systems Theory as an Approach to Mental Causation. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 37 (2):307-332.score: 96.0
    Dynamical systems theory (DST) is gaining popularity in cognitive science and philosophy of mind. Recently several authors (e.g. J.A.S. Kelso, 1995; A. Juarrero, 1999; F. Varela and E. Thompson, 2001) offered a DST approach to mental causation as an alternative for models of mental causation in the line of Jaegwon Kim (e.g. 1998). They claim that some dynamical systems exhibit a form of global to local determination or downward causation in that the large-scale, global activity of the system (...)
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  24. David Brax (2008). Pleasure in the Motivational System: Towards an Empirically Responsible Theory of Value. In Martin Jönsson (ed.), Proceedings of the Lund-Rutgers Conference. Lund University.score: 96.0
    Theories about value struggles with the problem how toaccount for the motivational force inherent to value judgments. Whereasthe exact role of motivation in evaluation is the subject of somecontroversy, it’s arguably a truism that value has something to do withmotivation. In this paper, I suggest that given that the role of motivationin ethical theory is left quite unspecific by the “truisms” or “platitudes”governing evaluative concepts, a scientific understanding of motivationcan provide a rich source of clues for how we might (...)
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  25. Timo Jarvilehto (1999). The Theory of the Organism-Environment System: III. Role of Efferent Influences on Receptors in the Formation of Knowledge. .score: 96.0
    The present article is an attempt to give - in the frame of the theory of the organism-environment system (Jarvilehto 1998a) - a new interpretation to the role of efferent influences on receptor activity and to the functions of senses in the formation of knowledge. It is argued, on the basis of experimental evidence and theoretical considerations, that the senses are not transmitters of environmental information, but they create a direct connection between the organism and the environment, which (...)
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  26. José F. Cariñena & Mariano Santander (1985). Symmetry Theory in a Two-Level Quantum System. Foundations of Physics 15 (8):851-859.score: 96.0
    We develop the theory of symmetry for a two-level quantum system in oder to illustrate the main ideas of the general theory of symmetry in quantum theory. It is based on the diffeomorphism of the two-dimensional sphere S 2 onto the space of states ℂP 1 and the isomorphism between the groups Pℳ(2) and SO 3 (ℝ). In particular, rotational invariance leads to the appearance of the spin1/2 in a natural way.
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  27. John Dempsher (1979). Synaptic Function in the Nervous System: A Theory and its Application. Acta Biotheoretica 28 (2).score: 96.0
    The objective of this paper is to present a new theory of synaptic function in the nervous system. The basis for this theory is the experimental demonstration that a nerve impulse assumes five different forms as it advances through the synaptic region, and that five basic mathematical operations have been identified as being involved in the transformation of one form into another form. As a result of these data, the synaptic region is regarded as a functional unit (...)
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  28. Yossi Yonah (2000). Parental Choice in Israel's Educational System: Theory Vs. Praxis. [REVIEW] Studies in Philosophy and Education 19 (5/6):445-464.score: 96.0
    In the last two decades the Israeli educational system has undergone major changes which have transformed it from a state-controlled, overly bureaucratic and almost fully state-financed system into a decentralized, partly locally controlled and increasingly privately financed system. Advocates of this transformation of the educational system appeal to the ideal of parental choice. They argue that the implementation of parental choice programs in education shows more respect to the children and their unique talents, take their self-realization (...)
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  29. Jeffrey Flynn (2014). System and Lifeworld in Habermas' Theory of Democracy. Philosophy and Social Criticism 40 (2):205-214.score: 96.0
    In this article I challenge two arguments central to Hugh Baxter's critical interpretation of Habermas in his recent book, Habermas: The Discourse Theory of Law and Democracy (2011). Both arguments focus on whether Habermas’ system -lifeworld model of society can successfully make space for democratic politics. Baxter highlights problems with both Habermas’ The Theory of Communicative Action [hereafter cited as TCA] and Habermas’ attempts to fix those problems in Between Facts and Norms [hereafter cited as BFN]. Thus, (...)
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  30. María G. Navarro (2013). From System Exchange to Globalization. In Manfred Kohler Philipp Strobl (ed.), The Phenomenon of Globalization: a Collection of Interdisciplinary Globalization Research Essays. Peter Lang Publishing House.score: 96.0
    The objective of this paper is to analyse, from a philosophical perspective, the 16th and 17th Century models of currency, as well as their influence on the types of society in which the models developed. For this, the author values the study by the French philosopher Michael Foucault Words and Things on this matter and the principal foundations of Ludwig von Bertalanffy´s systems theory. The 17th Century model of currency is based on the notion of a system of (...)
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  31. Francesco Belvisi (2014). Legal Argumentation and Justice in Luhmann's System Theory of Law. International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 27 (2):341-357.score: 96.0
    The paper reconstructs Luhmann’s conception of legal argumentation and justice especially focussing on the aspects of contingency and self-referring operative closure. The aim of his conception is to describe/explain in a disenchanted way—from an external, of “second order” point of view—the work on adjudication, which, rather idealistically, lawyers and judges present as being a matter of reason. As a consequence of some surface similarities with Derrida’s deconstructive philosophy of justice, Teubner proposes integrating the supposed reductive image of formal justice described (...)
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  32. John Dempsher (1982). Basic Function in the Nervous System - a Unified Theory. Acta Biotheoretica 31 (3).score: 96.0
    A new theory for basic function in the nervous system has recently been proposed (Dempsher, J., 1979a, 1979b; 1980, 1981). The major basic themes of the new theory are as follows: (1) There are two fundamental units of structure and function, the fibre or conducting mechanism, and the neurocentre, where nervous system function as we know it takes place. (2) The nerve impulse is regarded as a mathematical event. The mathematics is the result of a prescribed (...)
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  33. John Dempsher (1979). Integration of Function in the Nervous System — a New Theory. Acta Biotheoretica 28 (4).score: 96.0
    A new theory of synaptic function in the nervous system (Dempsher, 1978) is applied to the simplest system for integration of function in the nervous system. This system includes a sensory and motor neuron and three synaptic regions associated with those two neurons; a receptor region, an interneuronal spinal synaptic region linking the two neurons, and an effector region.Information is first received and processed at the receptor region. The processing consists of five components:1. A highly (...)
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  34. W. Schwemmler (1982). The Endoeytobiotic Cell Theory and the Periodic System of Cells. Acta Biotheoretica 31 (1).score: 96.0
    According to scientific procedure, each discipline first describes the phenomena of its research area, then analyzes them, and tinally categorizes them in a system. To date, biology has lacked such a system for its smallest building blocks, the cells. Although the theory of evolution explains certain central evolutionary mechanisms of the cell, there existed no generally accepted theory of the organization of the cell. The endoeytobiotic cell theory is suggested as a possible basis for a (...)
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  35. Robert Wuthnow (1979). The Emergence of Modern Science and World System Theory. Theory and Society 8 (2):215-243.score: 96.0
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  36. Arief Daynes (2000). A Strictly Finitary Non-Triviality Proof for a Paraconsistent System of Set Theory Deductively Equivalent to Classical ZFC Minus Foundation. Archive for Mathematical Logic 39 (8):581-598.score: 96.0
    The paraconsistent system CPQ-ZFC/F is defined. It is shown using strong non-finitary methods that the theorems of CPQ-ZFC/F are exactly the theorems of classical ZFC minus foundation. The proof presented in the paper uses the assumption that a strongly inaccessible cardinal exists. It is then shown using strictly finitary methods that CPQ-ZFC/F is non-trivial. CPQ-ZFC/F thus provides a formulation of set theory that has the same deductive power as the corresponding classical system but is more reliable in (...)
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  37. John Dempsher (1980). A Bio-Physical Basis of Mathematics in Synaptic Function of the Nervous System: A Theory. Acta Biotheoretica 29 (3-4).score: 96.0
    The purpose of this paper is to present a bio-physical basis of mathematics. The essence of the theory is that function in the nervous system is mathematical. The mathematics arises as a result of the interaction of energy (a wave with a precise curvature in space and time) and matter (a molecular or ionic structure with a precise form in space and time). In this interaction, both energy and matter play an active role. That is, the interaction results (...)
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  38. Nicholas Rescher (1979). Cognitive Systematization: A Systems-Theoretic Approach to a Coherentist Theory of Knowledge. Rowman and Littlefield.score: 96.0
     
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  39. A. Bergesen (1990). Turning World-System Theory on its Head. Theory, Culture and Society 7 (2):67-81.score: 96.0
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  40. Stephen J. Guastello, Matthijs Koopmans & David Pincus (eds.) (2009). Chaos and Complexity in Psychology: The Theory of Nonlinear Dynamical Systems. Cambridge University Press.score: 96.0
  41. George Voutsadakis (2006). Categorical Abstract Algebraic Logic: The Largest Theory System Included in a Theory Family. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 52 (3):288-294.score: 96.0
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  42. Alan Fogel, Ilse de Koeyer, Cory Secrist & Ryan Nagy (2002). Dynamic Systems Theory Places the Scientist in the System. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (5):623-624.score: 92.0
    Dynamic systems theory is a way of describing the patterns that emerge from relationships in the universe. In the study of interpersonal relationships, within and between species, the scientist is an active and engaged participant in those relationships. Separation between self and other, scientist and subject, runs counter to systems thinking and creates an unnecessary divide between humans and animals.
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  43. Christopher Johnson (1993). System and Writing in the Philosophy of Jacques Derrida. Cambridge University Press.score: 92.0
    This is an important new critical analysis of Derrida's theory of writing, based on close readings of key texts. It reveals a dimension of Derrida's thinking that has been neglected in favor of those "deconstructionist" cliches favored by much recent literary criticism. Christopher Johnson highlights the special character of Derrida's philosophy that comes from his contact with contemporary natural science and with systems theory. This study casts new light on an exacting set of intellectual issues facing philosophy and (...)
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  44. Hugo Cadenas (2012). The system of the structure: Structuralism and social systems theory. Cinta de Moebio 45 (45):204-214.score: 92.0
    This article addresses the relationship between the structuralism, especially the anthropological version of the latter in Levi-Strauss and Luhmann’s theory of social systems. The analysis is done through two guiding hypotheses. It reviews the historical background relating structuralism with systems theory and discusses the fundamental concepts that appear in this relationship. Luhmann's systems thinking are contrasted in some of its central concepts with Lévi-Strauss’s structuralist perspective. The paper concludes with a review of the hypotheses presented and some proposals (...)
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  45. Ludwig von Bertalanffy (1950). An Outline of General System Theory. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 1 (2):134-165.score: 90.0
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  46. David Ellerman (2007). Adjoints and Emergence: Applications of a New Theory of Adjoint Functors. [REVIEW] Axiomathes 17 (1):19-39.score: 90.0
    Since its formal definition over sixty years ago, category theory has been increasingly recognized as having a foundational role in mathematics. It provides the conceptual lens to isolate and characterize the structures with importance and universality in mathematics. The notion of an adjunction (a pair of adjoint functors) has moved to center-stage as the principal lens. The central feature of an adjunction is what might be called “determination through universals” based on universal mapping properties. A recently developed “heteromorphic” (...) about adjoints suggests a conceptual structure, albeit abstract and atemporal, for how new relatively autonomous behavior can emerge within a system obeying certain laws. The focus here is on applications in the life sciences (e.g., selectionist mechanisms) and human sciences (e.g., the generative grammar view of language). (shrink)
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  47. Ludwig Bertalanffvony (1950). An Outline of General System Theory. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 1 (2):134-165.score: 90.0
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  48. James E. Witnauer, Gonzalo P. Urcelay & Ralph R. Miller (2009). A One-System Theory That is Not Propositional. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (2):228-229.score: 90.0
    We argue that the propositional and link-based approaches to human contingency learning represent different levels of analysis because propositional reasoning requires a basis, which is plausibly provided by a link-based architecture. Moreover, in their attempt to compare two general classes of models (link-based and propositional), Mitchell et al. refer to only two generic models and ignore the large variety of different models within each class.
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  49. C. Richmond (1997). Preserving the Identity Crisis: Autonomy, System and Sovereignty in European Law. [REVIEW] Law and Philosophy 16 (4):377-420.score: 90.0
    This article uses Hans Kelsen's theory of a legal system to take a fresh look at European Community law, and the relationship between the European Community, its Member States, and international law. It argues that the basis of the Community's legal legitimacy is indeterminate, and offers a model to accommodate that indeterminacy. This model is founded on a constructivist approach suggested to be particularly useful in the EC context. Using this approach, it is argued that the concepts of (...)
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  50. Johann-Peter Regelmann (1984). On the Necessity of a System Theory of Evolution and its Population-Biologic Foundation: A Reply to Günter Wagner's Commentary. Acta Biotheoretica 33 (2).score: 90.0
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