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  1. T'ang Chün-I. (1974). My Option Between Philosophy and Religion. Contemporary Chinese Thought 5 (4):4-38.
    I wrote this essay for three reasons. First, in proofreading The Reconstruction of the Humanistic Spirit, I felt that this great pile of articles contained only general discourses on the social and cultural problems of China and the Western world but did not mention my own philosophical position and religious faith. Although the pattern and style of the essays in this book might excuse this defect, I was afraid that some of my readers would find it difficult to grasp the (...)
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  2. T'ang Chün-I. (1974). Philosophical Consciousness, Scientific Consciousness, and Moral Reason. Contemporary Chinese Thought 5 (4):72-109.
    We may have different ways of defining the nature of philosophy. One view would take philosophy to be a system of knowledge just like science; only it is a more comprehensive system that includes all science, or rather, it is a synthetic system of knowledge. Another view would take philosophy to be just a reflective and critical attitude. It purports to reflect on methods, postulates, axioms, and fundamental concepts that science relies on to build its knowledge in order to clarify (...)
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  3. T'ang Chün-I. (1974). The Development of the Chinese Humanistic Spirit. Contemporary Chinese Thought 5 (4):39-71.
    In one sense, all academic thoughts are human ideas, and all cultures are productions of man. Therefore, the spirit of all human cultures is always humanistic. To discuss any kind of academic thoughts is to discuss the ideas of man. Speaking in this way, however, we cannot reveal and illuminate the meaning of such terms as "humanistic thought" or "humanistic spirit" because of the lack of contradistinctions. We must then say that, in addition to humanistic thought or spirit, there are (...)
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  4. T'ang Chün-I. (1973). The Criticisms of Wang Yang-Ming's Teachings as Raised by His Contemporaries. Philosophy East and West 23 (1/2):163-186.
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  5. T'ang Chün-I. (1973). Cosmologies in Ancient Chinese Philosophy. Contemporary Chinese Thought 5 (1):4-47.
    My discussion in previous chapters was limited to the origin of Chinese culture and its fundamental spirit exhibited in the process of historical development. In what follows, I am going to discuss the spirit of Chinese culture in specific areas such as philosophy of nature, theory of human nature, ideals of moral life, the world of daily living, the world of ideal personalities, and the spirit of art and religion. The center of discussion will be a comparison between Chinese and (...)
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  6. T'ang Chün-I. (1973). On the Direction of the Development of Political Consciousness in the Chinese People in the Past One Hundred Years. Contemporary Chinese Thought 5 (1):86-111.
    In our discussion on the development of political consciousness in the Chinese people in the past one hundred years, we will focus on the upward development made in the course of the reconstruction of the nation. If we simply study the historical facts, the past one hundred years are tragic. But if we study the spirit of the people during this period, we cannot but recognize that the Chinese people have never given up and that they have been constantly struggling (...)
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  7. T'ang Chün-I. (1973). Religious Beliefs and Modern Chinese Culture Part II: The Religious Spirit of Confucianism. Contemporary Chinese Thought 5 (1):48-85.
    As the title suggests, in this part of the essay I am going to discuss in brief the religious spirit of Confucianism.
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  8. T'ang Chün-I. (1964). The Individual and the World in Chinese Methodology. Philosophy East and West 14 (3/4):293-310.
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  9. T'ang Chün-I. (1962). The T'ien Ming [Heavenly Ordinance] in Pre-Ch'in China. Philosophy East and West 11 (4):195-218.
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  10. T'ang Chün-I. (1962). The T'ien Ming [Heavenly Ordinance] in Pre-Ch'in China: II. Philosophy East and West 12 (1):29-49.
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  11. T'ang Chun-I. (1959). The Development of Ideas of Spiritual Value in Chinese Philosophy. Philosophy East and West 9 (1/2):32-34.