Search results for 'TB Trials Study Group' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Sort by:
  1. Anne E. Walker, Marion K. Campbell, Jeremy M. Grimshaw & the Tempest Group (2000). A Recruitment Strategy for Cluster Randomized Trials in Secondary Care Settings. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 6 (2):185-192.score: 360.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. S. Godden, G. Ambler & A. M. Pollock (2010). Recruitment of Minority Ethnic Groups Into Clinical Cancer Research Trials to Assess Adherence to the Principles of the Department of Health Research Governance Framework: National Sources of Data and General Issues Arising From a Study in One Hospital Trust in England. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (6):358-362.score: 204.0
    Background This article describes the issues encountered when designing a study to evaluate recruitment of minority ethnic groups into clinical cancer research in order to monitor adherence to the principles for good practice set out in the Department of Health, Research Governance Framework, England. Methods (i) A review of routine data sources to determine whether their usefulness as a source of data on prevalence of cancer in the population by ethnic category. (ii) A local case study at one (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. A. Dhai, H. Etheredge & P. Cleaton-Jones (2010). A Pilot Study Evaluating an Intervention Designed to Raise Awareness of Clinical Trials Among Potential Participants in the Developing World. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (4):238-242.score: 189.0
    Background This pilot study evaluated the speaking book ‘What it means to be part of a clinical trial’. The book aims at empowering populations with information on their rights and responsibilities when enrolled in clinical research. Wide publication of the book—at significant cost—is anticipated. It is important that the book is evaluated within the communities for whom it is intended, and the necessary changes (if any) are made, before translation and large-scale publication takes place. Objective The objective of the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Abraham Fuks, Charles Weijer, Benjamin Freedman, Stanley Shapiro, Myriam Skrutkowska & Amina Riaz, A Study in Contrasts: Eligibility Criteria in a Twenty-Year Sample of NSABP and POG Clinical Trials.score: 189.0
    We studied changes in eligibility criteria--the largest impediment to patient accrual--in two samples of clinical trials. Trials from the NSABP (National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Program) and POG (Pediatric Oncology Group) were analyzed. After eliminating duplications, the criteria in each protocol were enumerated and classified according to a novel schema. NSABP trials contained significantly more criteria than POG trials, and added precision criteria (making study populations homogeneous) at a faster rate than POG studies. (...)
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. The Biology and Gender Study Group, Athena Beldecos, Sarah Bailey, Scott Gilbert, Karen Hicks, Lori Kenschaft, Nancy Niemczyk, Rebecca Rosenberg, Stephanie Schaertel & Andrew Wedel (1988). The Importance of Feminist Critique for Contemporary Cell Biology. Hypatia 3 (1):61 - 76.score: 160.0
    Biology is seen not merely as a privileged oppressor of women but as a co-victim of masculinist social assumptions. We see feminist critique as one of the normative controls that any scientist must perform whenever analyzing data, and we seek to demonstrate what has happened when this control has not been utilized. Narratives of fertilization and sex determination traditionally have been modeled on the cultural patterns of male/female interaction, leading to gender associations being placed on cells and their components. We (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. D. N. Shaffer (2006). Equitable Treatment for HIV/AIDS Clinical Trial Participants: A Focus Group Study of Patients, Clinician Researchers, and Administrators in Western Kenya. Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (1):55-60.score: 160.0
    Objectives: To describe the concerns and priorities of key stakeholders in a developing country regarding ethical obligations held by researchers and perceptions of equity or “what is fair” for study participants in an HIV/AIDS clinical drug trial. Design: Qualitative study with focus groups. Setting: Teaching and referral hospital and rural health centre in western Kenya. Participants: Potential HIV/AIDS clinical trial participants, clinician researchers, and administrators. Results: Eighty nine individuals participated in a total of 11 focus groups over a (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Rajiv Sarkar, Thuppal V. Sowmyanarayanan, Prasanna Samuel, Azara S. Singh, Anuradha Bose, Jayaprakash Muliyil & Gagandeep Kang (2010). Comparison of Group Counseling with Individual Counseling in the Comprehension of Informed Consent: A Randomized Controlled Trial. BMC Medical Ethics 11 (1):8-.score: 135.0
    BackgroundStudies on different methods to supplement the traditional informed consent process have generated conflicting results. This study was designed to evaluate whether participants who received group counseling prior to administration of informed consent understood the key components of the study and the consent better than those who received individual counseling, based on the hypothesis that group counseling would foster discussion among potential participants and enhance their understanding of the informed consent.MethodsParents of children participating in a trial (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Deborah Yeager-Woodhouse & John Sivell (2006). Prepackaged Tour Versus Personal Journey: The Meaning of Informed Consent in the Context of the Teacher-Study Group. [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 4 (1-4):189-203.score: 134.0
    This article discusses the specific ethical dilemma of obtaining informed consent and ensuring confidentiality and participant well-being while conducting a qualitative research study with novice ESL teachers in a Teacher Study Group. The discussion outlines their process of resolution of the ambiguities inherent in the research process – in essence the researchers’ personal journey of discovery. The article concludes with the broader implications for making the research process more transparent for other academic researchers working in the field (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Ronald K. F. Fung & Ian H. Kerridge (2013). Uncertain Translation, Uncertain Benefit and Uncertain Risk: Ethical Challenges Facing First-in-Human Trials of Induced Pluripotent Stem (Ips) Cells. Bioethics 27 (2):89-96.score: 126.0
    The discovery of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells in 2006 was heralded as a major breakthrough in stem cell research. Since then, progress in iPS cell technology has paved the way towards clinical application, particularly cell replacement therapy, which has refueled debate on the ethics of stem cell research. However, much of the discourse has focused on questions of moral status and potentiality, overlooking the ethical issues which are introduced by the clinical testing of iPS cell replacement therapy. First-in-human (...), in particular, raise a number of ethical concerns including informed consent, subject recruitment and harm minimisation as well as the inherent uncertainty and risks which are involved in testing medical procedures on humans for the first time. These issues, while a feature of any human research, become more complex in the case of iPS cell therapy, given the seriousness of the potential risks, the unreliability of available animal models, the vulnerability of the target patient group, and the high stakes of such an intensely public area of science. Our paper will present a detailed case study of iPS cell replacement therapy for Parkinson's disease to highlight these broader ethical and epistemological concerns. If we accept that iPS cell technology is fraught with challenges which go far beyond merely refuting the potentiality of the stem cell line, we conclude that iPS cell research should not replace, but proceed alongside embryonic and adult somatic stem cell research to promote cross-fertilisation of knowledge and better clinical outcomes. (shrink)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Michael Misiko, Pablo Tittonell, Ken E. Giller & Paul Richards (2011). Strengthening Understanding and Perceptions of Mineral Fertilizer Use Among Smallholder Farmers: Evidence From Collective Trials in Western Kenya. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 28 (1):27-38.score: 126.0
    It is widely recognized that mineral fertilizers must play an important part in improving agricultural productivity in western Kenyan farming systems. This paper suggests that for this goal to be realized, farmers’ knowledge must be strengthened to improve their understanding of fertilizers and their use. We analyzed smallholder knowledge of fertilizers and nutrient management, and draw practical lessons from empirical collective fertilizer-response experiments. Data were gathered from the collective fertilizer-response trials, through focus group discussions, by participant observation, and (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. N. Sofaer, C. Thiessen, S. D. Goold, J. Ballou, K. A. Getz, G. Koski, R. A. Krueger & J. S. Weissman (2009). Subjects' Views of Obligations to Ensure Post-Trial Access to Drugs, Care and Information: Qualitative Results From the Experiences of Participants in Clinical Trials (EPIC) Study. Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (3):183-188.score: 115.0
    Objectives: To report the attitudes and opinions of subjects in US clinical trials about whether or not, and why, they should receive post-trial access (PTA) to the trial drug, care and information. Design: Focus groups, short self-administered questionnaires. Setting: Boston, Dallas, Detroit, Oklahoma City. Participants: Current and recent subjects in clinical trials, primarily for chronic diseases. Results: 93 individuals participated in 10 focus groups. Many thought researchers, sponsors, health insurers and others share obligations to facilitate PTA to the (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Koleen McCrink, Elizabeth Spelke, Stanislas Dehaene & Pierre Pica (2013). Non-Symbolic Halving in an Amazonian Indigene Group. Developmental Science 16 (3):451-462.score: 108.0
    Much research supports the existence of an Approximate Number System (ANS) that is recruited by infants, children, adults, and non-human animals to generate coarse, non-symbolic representations of number. This system supports simple arithmetic operations such as addition, subtraction, and ordering of amounts. The current study tests whether an intuition of a more complex calculation, division, exists in an indigene group in the Amazon, the Mundurucu, whose language includes no words for large numbers. Mundurucu children were presented with a (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. J. Koffman, M. Morgan, P. Edmonds, P. Speck & I. J. Higginson (2009). Vulnerability in Palliative Care Research: Findings From a Qualitative Study of Black Caribbean and White British Patients with Advanced Cancer. Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (7):440-444.score: 108.0
    Introduction: Vulnerability is a poorly understood concept in research ethics, often aligned to autonomy and consent. A recent addition to the literature represents a taxonomy of vulnerability developed by Kipnis, but this refers to the conduct of clinical trials rather than qualitative research, which may raise different issues. Aim: To examine issues of vulnerability in cancer and palliative care research obtained through qualitative interviews. Method: Secondary analysis of qualitative data from 26 black Caribbean and 19 white British patients with (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. S. Lee, B. G. Kapogiannis, P. M. Flynn, B. J. Rudy, J. Bethel, S. Ahmad, D. Tucker, S. E. Abdalian, D. Hoffman, C. M. Wilson & C. K. Cunningham (2013). Comprehension of a Simplified Assent Form in a Vaccine Trial for Adolescents. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (6):410-412.score: 108.0
    Introduction Future HIV vaccine efficacy trials with adolescents will need to ensure that participants comprehend study concepts in order to confer true informed assent. A Hepatitis B vaccine trial with adolescents offers valuable opportunity to test youth understanding of vaccine trial requirements in general. Methods Youth reviewed a simplified assent form with study investigators and then completed a comprehension questionnaire. Once enrolled, all youth were tested for HIV and confirmed to be HIV-negative. Results 123 youth completed the (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Lorena Deuker, Anna Renuka Müller, Christian Montag, Sebastian Markett, Martin Reuter, Juergen Fell, Peter Trautner & Nikolai Axmacher (2013). Playing Nice: A Multi-Methodological Study on the Effects of Social Conformity on Memory. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 108.0
    Conformity is an important aspect of social behavior. Two main motives have been identified: people may adapt their behavior to “play nice” despite knowing better (normative conformity) or they may accept the others’ opinion as a valid source of information (informative conformity). Neuroimaging studies can help to distinguish between these two possibilities. Here, we present a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study on memory conformity in a real group situation. We investigated the effects of group pressure on (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Benoit Montalan, Thierry Lelard, Olivier Godefroy & Harold Mouras (2012). Behavioral Investigation of the Influence of Social Categorization on Empathy for Pain: A Minimal Group Paradigm Study. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 108.0
    Research on empathy for pain has provided evidence of an empathic bias toward racial ingroup members. In this study, we used for the first time the “minimal group paradigm” in which participants were assigned to artificial groups and required to perform pain judgments of pictures of hands and feet in painful or non-painful situations from self, ingroup and outgroup-perspectives. Findings showed that the mere categorization of people into two distinct arbitrary social groups appears to be sufficient to elicit (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Nick Sevdalis & Rosamond Jacklin (2008). Interaction Effects and Subgroup Analyses in Clinical Trials: More Than Meets the Eye? Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):919-922.score: 108.0
    In clinical trials, it is common practice to follow up significant interactions between the factors under investigation with subgroup analyses. Such analyses pose at least two analytical and interpretational challenges. The first challenge is that performing multiple subgroup analyses increases the likelihood of obtaining spuriously significant results. This has been acknowledged and relevant guidance exists in the medical literature. The second challenge is that the effects that are obtained at the level of subgroup are composite. This has yet to (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. A. McRae, M. Taljaard, C. Weijer, C. Bennett, Z. Skea, R. Boruch, J. Brehaut, M. Eccles, J. Grimshaw & A. Donner (2013). Reporting of Patient Consent in Healthcare Cluster Randomised Trials is Associated with the Type of Study Interventions and Publication Characteristics. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (2):119-124.score: 99.0
    Objective Cluster randomised trial (CRT) investigators face challenges in seeking informed consent from individual patients (cluster members). This study examined associations between reporting of patient consent in healthcare CRTs and characteristics of these trials. Study design Consent practices and study characteristics were abstracted from a random sample of 160 CRTs performed in primary or hospital care settings that were published from 2000 to 2008. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine associations between reporting of patient consent (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Chiara Lisciandra, Matteo Colombo & Marie Nilsenova (2013). Conformorality. A Study on Group Conditioning of Normative Judgment. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 4 (4):1-14.score: 96.0
    How does other people’s opinion affect judgments of norm transgressions? In our study, we used a modification of the famous Asch paradigm (1951, 1955) to examine conformity in the moral domain. The question we addressed was how peer group opinion alters normative judgments of scenarios involving violations of moral, social, and decency norms. The results indicate that even moral norms are subject to conformity, especially in situations with a high degree of social presence. Interestingly, the degree of conformity (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. James R. Anderson & Mark Krailo (2011). The Children's Oncology Group Routinely Applies “Lack of Efficacy” Interim Monitoring to Its Randomized Clinical Trials. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (3):18-19.score: 96.0
    (2011). The Children's Oncology Group Routinely Applies “Lack of Efficacy” Interim Monitoring to Its Randomized Clinical Trials. The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 18-19.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. S. Priebe, J. Sinclair, A. Burton, S. Marougka, J. Larsen, M. Firn & R. Ashcroft (2010). Acceptability of Offering Financial Incentives to Achieve Medication Adherence in Patients with Severe Mental Illness: A Focus Group Study. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (8):463-468.score: 96.0
    Background Offering financial incentives to achieve medication adherence in patients with severe mental illness is controversial. Aims To explore the views of different stakeholders on the ethical acceptability of the practice. Method Focus group study consisting of 25 groups with different stakeholders. Results Eleven themes dominated the discussions and fell into four categories: (1) ‘wider concerns’, including the value of medication, source of funding, how patients would use the money, and a presumed government agenda behind the idea; (2) (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Jim McCambridge, Kypros Kypri, Preben Bendtsen & John Porter (2013). The Use of Deception in Public Health Behavioral Intervention Trials: A Case Study of Three Online Alcohol Trials. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (11):39-47.score: 96.0
    Some public health behavioral intervention research studies involve deception. A methodological imperative to minimize bias can be in conflict with the ethical principle of informed consent. As a case study, we examine the specific forms of deception used in three online randomized controlled trials evaluating brief alcohol interventions. We elaborate our own decision making about the use of deception in these trials, and present our ongoing findings and uncertainties. We discuss the value of the approach of pragmatism (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Howard Brody & Peter Vinten-Johansen (1991). Teaching the History of Medicine by Case Study and Small Group Discussion. Journal of Medical Humanities 12 (1):19-24.score: 96.0
    A case-study, small-group-discussion (“focal problem”) exercise in the history of medicine was designed, piloted, and evaluated in an overseas course and an on-campus elective course for medical students. Results suggest that this is a feasible approach to teaching history of medicine which can overcome some of the problems often encountered in teaching this subject in the medical curriculum.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Stanley H. Shapiro, Charles Weijer & Benjamin Freedman, Reporting the Study Populations of Clinical Trials. Clear Transmission or Static on the Line?score: 96.0
    In contrast to attempts that have been made to measure the clarity of reporting of the methods of clinical trials in journal articles, we report here an attempt to measure the accuracy of methods reporting. We focus in this article on eligibility criteria as a test case for the reporting of clinical trial methods. We examined the reporting of eligibility criteria in the protocol, methods paper (if applicable), journal article, and Clinical Alert for articles appearing in print between January (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Andrew Vallely, Charles Shagi, Shelley Lees, Katherine Shapiro, Joseph Masanja, Lawi Nikolau, Johari Kazimoto, Selephina Soteli, Claire Moffat, John Changalucha, Sheena McCormack & Richard J. Hayes (2009). Microbicides Development Programme: Engaging the Community in the Standard of Care Debate in a Vaginal Microbicide Trial in Mwanza, Tanzania. BMC Medical Ethics 10 (1):17-.score: 96.0
    BackgroundHIV prevention research in resource-limited countries is associated with a variety of ethical dilemmas. Key amongst these is the question of what constitutes an appropriate standard of health care (SoC) for participants in HIV prevention trials. This paper describes a community-focused approach to develop a locally-appropriate SoC in the context of a phase III vaginal microbicide trial in Mwanza City, northwest Tanzania.MethodsA mobile community-based sexual and reproductive health service for women working as informal food vendors or in traditional and (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Kana Suzuki, Ikuyo Morimoto, Etsuo Mizukami, Hiroko Otsuka & Hitoshi Isahara (2009). An Exploratory Study for Analyzing Interactional Processes of Group Discussion: The Case of a Focus Group Interview. AI and Society 23 (2):233-249.score: 96.0
    The purposes of this study are (a) to establish a measurement for evaluating conversational impressions of group discussions, and (b) to make an exploratory investigation on their interactional processes which may affect to form those impressions. The impression rating and factor analysis undertaken first give us four factors concerning conversational impressions of “focus group interviews (FGIs)”: conversational activeness, conversational sequencing, the attitudes of participants and the relationships of participants. In relation to the factors of conversational activeness and (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Lydia Zepeda, Hui-Shung Chang & Catherine Leviten-Reid (2006). Organic Food Demand: A Focus Group Study Involving Caucasian and African-American Shoppers. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 23 (3):385-394.score: 96.0
    A focus group study using four groups of food shoppers provides insights into consumers’ knowledge, beliefs, and behaviors regarding organic foods. Two focus groups consisted of shoppers who regularly bought organic foods and two focus groups of shoppers who predominantly purchased conventional foods. Participants in one of the conventional groups were all Caucasian; in the other they were all African-American. While familiarity with organic foods was much lower in the African-American group, its members were more receptive and (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. N. Bidad, L. MacDonald, Z. E. Winters, S. J. L. Edwards & R. Horne (2014). Views on the Right to Withdraw From Randomised Controlled Trials Assessing Quality of Life After Mastectomy and Breast Reconstruction (QUEST): Findings From the QUEST Perspectives Study (QPS). Research Ethics 10 (1):47-57.score: 96.0
    The purpose of this study is to examine the importance that real patients attach to their right to withdraw from an on-going feasibility randomised trial (RCT) evaluating types and timings of breast reconstruction (two parallel trials) following mastectomy for breast cancer. Our results show that, while some respondents appreciated that exercising the right to withdraw would defeat the scientific objective of the trial, some patients with a surgical preference consented only given the knowledge they could withdraw if they (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Lydia Zepeda & Jongsoog Kim (2006). Farm Parents' Views on Their Children's Labor on Family Farms: A Focus Group Study of Wisconsin Dairy Farmers. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 23 (1):109-121.score: 96.0
    This study examines parents’ perspectives on their children working on their family dairy farms in Wisconsin. The objective of this focus group study is (1) to gain insights on why children work on their family farms, (2) to identify those benefits that parents perceive that they and their children gain from their children working on-farm, (3) to determine the concerns that parents have about their children working, (4) to identify ways to improve the safety of children on (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. J. G. Berry, P. Ryan, M. S. Gold, A. J. Braunack-Mayer & K. M. Duszynski (2012). A Randomised Controlled Trial to Compare Opt-in and Opt-Out Parental Consent for Childhood Vaccine Safety Surveillance Using Data Linkage. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (10):619-625.score: 90.0
    Introduction No consent for health and medical research is appropriate when the criteria for a waiver of consent are met, yet some ethics committees and data custodians still require informed consent. Methods A single-blind parallel-group randomised controlled trial: 1129 families of children born at a South Australian hospital were sent information explaining data linkage of childhood immunisation and hospital records for vaccine safety surveillance with 4 weeks to opt in or opt out by reply form, telephone or email. A (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. S. G. Simpson, E. Morrow, M. Vreeswijk & C. Reid (2009). Group Schema Therapy for Eating Disorders: A Pilot Study. Frontiers in Psychology 1:182-182.score: 90.0
    This paper describes the use of Group Schema Therapy for Eating Disorders (ST-E-g) in a case-series of eight participants with chronic eating disorders and high levels of co-morbidity. Treatment was comprised of 20 sessions which included cognitive, experiential and interpersonal strategies, with an emphasis on behavioural change. Specific schema-based strategies focused on bodily felt-sense and body-image, as well as emotional regulation skills. Six attended until end of treatment, two dropped-out at mid-treatment. Eating disorder severity, global schema severity, shame and (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Massimo Leone (forthcoming). Besieging the Courthouse: The Proxemics of Law Between Totalitarian Awe and Populist Rage. International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique:1-17.score: 87.0
    In 2006, acclaimed Italian film director Nanni Moretti released Il caimano [“the Caiman”], a surreal depiction of Silvio Berlusconi’s career as controversial businessman and politician. In one of the last sequences, an indicted Berlusconi leaves the courthouse of Milan, while his supporters besiege its premises and set them on fire. Admired for his capacity of prophetically foreseeing the developments of Italian society (2011 film Habemus Papam, by the same director, somehow ‘predicted’ the resignation of Pope Benedict XVI), Nanni Moretti’s apocalyptic (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Stephen Wilmot, Lesley Legg & Janice Barratt (2002). Ethical Issues in the Feeding of Patients Suffering From Dementia: A Focus Group Study of Hospital Staff Responses to Conflicting Principles. Nursing Ethics 9 (6):599-611.score: 84.0
    Feeding difficulties in older patients who are suffering from dementia present problems with balancing conflicting ethical principles. They have been considered by several writers in recent years, and the views of nursing and care staff have been studied in different contexts. The present study used focus groups to explore the way in which nursing and care staff in a National Health Service trust deal with conflict between ethical principles in this area. Three focus groups were convened, one each from (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Stephen J. Gotts, Ziad S. Saad, Hang Joon Jo, Gregory L. Wallace, Robert W. Cox & Alex Martin (2013). The Perils of Global Signal Regression for Group Comparisons: A Case Study of Autism Spectrum Disorders. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 84.0
    We have previously argued from a theoretical basis that the standard practice of regression of the Global Signal from the FMRI time series in functional connectivity studies is ill advised, particularly when comparing groups of participants. Here, we demonstrate in resting-state data from participants with an Autism Spectrum Disorder and matched controls that these concerns are also well founded in real data. Using the prior theoretical work to formulate predictions, we show: 1) rather than simply altering the mean or range (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. A. Anastasi & J. P. Foley Jr (1944). An Experimental Study of the Drawing Behavior of Adult Psychotics in Comparison with That of a Normal Control Group. Journal of Experimental Psychology 34 (3):169.score: 84.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. James G. Simmons (1973). Patterned Versus Unpatterned Sequences of Study and Recall Trials in Free Recall of a Categorizable Word List. Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (1):191.score: 84.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Claudia Pagliari & Jeremy Grimshaw (2002). Impact of Group Structure and Process on Multidisciplinary Evidence‐Based Guideline Development: An Observational Study. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 8 (2):145-153.score: 84.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. George E. Weaver, Ronald H. Hopkins & Rudolf W. Schulz (1968). The a-B, B-C, a-C Mediation Paradigm: A-C Performance in the Absence of Study Trials. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (4):670.score: 84.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Sukhwinder S. Shergill Thomas P. White, James Gilleen (2013). Dysregulated but Not Decreased Salience Network Activity in Schizophrenia. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 82.5
    Effective estimation of the salience of environmental stimuli underlies adaptive behaviour, while related aberrance is believed to undermine rational thought processes in schizophrenia. A network including bilateral frontoinsular cortex (FIC) and dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) has been observed to respond to salient stimuli using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). To test the hypothesis that activity in this salience network (SN) is less discriminately modulated by contextually-relevant stimuli in schizophrenia than in healthy individuals, fMRI data were collected in 20 individuals (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Neil Jumonville (2002). The Cultural Politics of the Sociobiology Debate. Journal of the History of Biology 35 (3):569 - 593.score: 81.0
    The sociobiology debate, in the final quarter of the twentieth century, featured many of the same issues disputed in the culture war in the humanities during this same time period. This is evident from a study of the writings of Edward O. Wilson, the best known of the sociobiologists, and from an examination of both the minutes of the meetings of the Sociobiology Study Group (SSG) and the writings of Stephen Jay Gould, the SSG's most prominent member. (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. David C. Reisman & Ahmed H. Al-Rahim (eds.) (2003). Before and After Avicenna: Proceedings of the First Conference of the Avicenna Study Group. Brill.score: 81.0
    This collection of papers addresses a variety of aspects of the life and thought of the medieval philosopher Avicenna including his reception of Classical ...
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. R. Macklin (2010). Intertwining Biomedical Research and Public Health in HIV Microbicide Research. Public Health Ethics 3 (3):199-209.score: 81.0
    Finding an effective microbicide that could substantially lower women’s risk of acquiring HIV infection is an ethical imperative. Women and girls continue to be disproportionally affected by HIV in sub-Saharan Africa. Ethics guidelines for conducting preventive HIV microbicide trials call for steps that intertwine biomedical research and public health. Ethical considerations include adequate studies of the safety of microbicides, the use of placebo controls in future trials once a microbicide is shown to be effective, whether leftover microbicide from (...)
    Direct download (13 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Laura Hawryluck, William Harvey, Louise Lemieux-Charles & Peter Singer (2002). Consensus Guidelines on Analgesia and Sedation in Dying Intensive Care Unit Patients. BMC Medical Ethics 3 (1):1-9.score: 81.0
    Background Intensivists must provide enough analgesia and sedation to ensure dying patients receive good palliative care. However, if it is perceived that too much is given, they risk prosecution for committing euthanasia. The goal of this study is to develop consensus guidelines on analgesia and sedation in dying intensive care unit patients that help distinguish palliative care from euthanasia. Methods Using the Delphi technique, panelists rated levels of agreement with statements describing how analgesics and sedatives should be given to (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Edna F. Einsiedel & Hannah Adamson (2012). Stem Cell Tourism and Future Stem Cell Tourists: Policy and Ethical Implications. Developing World Bioethics 12 (1):35-44.score: 81.0
    Stem cell tourism is a small but growing part of the thriving global medical tourism marketplace. Much stem cell research remains at the experimental stage, with clinical trials still uncommon. However, there are over 700 clinics estimated to be operating in mostly developing countries – from Costa Rica and Argentina to China, India and Russia – that have lured many patients, mostly from industrialized countries, driven by desperation and hope, which in turn continue to fuel the growth of such (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Emma Verástegui (2006). Consenting of the Vulnerable: The Informed Consent Procedure in Advanced Cancer Patients in Mexico. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 7 (1):1-12.score: 81.0
    Background A topic of great concern in bioethics is the medical research conducted in poor countries sponsored by wealthy nations. Western drug companies increasingly view Latin America as a proper place for clinical research trials. The region combines a large population, modern medical facilities, and low per capita incomes. Participants from developing countries may have little or non alternative means of treatment other than that offered through clinical trials. Therefore, the provision of a valid informed consent is important. (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Robyn Bluhm (2009). Some Observations on “Observational” Research. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 52 (2):252-263.score: 81.0
    Evidence-based medicine (EBM) ranks different medical research methods on a hierarchy, at the top of which are randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and systematic reviews or meta-analyses of RCTs. Any study that does not randomly assign patients to a treatment or a control group is automatically placed at a lower level on the hierarchy. This article argues that what matters is whether the treatment and control groups are similar with respect to potential confounding factors, not whether they got (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. C. Delisle Burns (1940). Book Review:Nationalism: A Report by a Study Group of Members of the Royal Institute of International Affairs. [REVIEW] Ethics 50 (4):470-.score: 81.0
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. C. Dowrick, J. Billington, J. Robinson, A. Hamer & C. Williams (2012). Get Into Reading as an Intervention for Common Mental Health Problems: Exploring Catalysts for Change. Medical Humanities 38 (1):15-20.score: 81.0
    There is increasing evidence for the efficacy of non-medical strategies to improve mental health and well-being. Get into Reading is a shared reading intervention which has demonstrable acceptability and feasibility. This paper explores potential catalysts for change resulting from Get into Reading. Two weekly reading groups ran for 12 months, in a GP surgery and a mental health drop-in centre, for people with a GP diagnosis of depression and a validated severity measure. Data collection included quantitative measures at the outset (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. William Epstein & Gary Hatfield, Perceived Shape at a Slant as a Function of Processing Time.score: 81.0
    Shape and slant judgments of rotated or frontoparallel ellipses were elicited from three groups of 10 subjects. A masking stimulus was introduced to control processing time. Backward masking trials were presented with interstimulus intervals of 0, 25, and 50 msec, Reduction of processing time altered shape judgments in the direction of projective shape and slant judgments in the direction of frontoparallelness. This finding is consistent with the shapeslant invariance hypothesis. In order to study the effects of processing load, (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Robin S. S. Kramer Gavin P. Lawrence, Victoria M. Gottwald, Michael A. Khan (2012). The Movement Kinematics and Learning Strategies Associated with Adopting Different Foci of Attention During Both Acquisition and Anxious Performance. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 81.0
    Research suggests that implicit strategies adopted during learning help prevent breakdown of automatic processes and subsequent performance decrements associated with the presence of pressure. According to the Constrained Action Hypothesis, automaticity of movement is promoted when adopting an external focus of attention. The purpose of the current experiment was to investigate if learning with an external focus of attention can enhance performance under subsequent pressure situations through promoting implicit learning and automaticity. Since previous research has generally used outcome measures of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 1000