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Profile: Tamas Demeter (Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Institute for Philosophical Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences)
  1. Tamás Demeter (2009). Folk Psychology Is Not a Metarepresentational Device. European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 5 (2):19-38.
    Here I challenge the philosophical consensus that we use folk psychology for the purposes of metarepresentation. The paper intends to show that folk psychology should not be conceived on par with fact-stating discourses in spite of what its surface semantics may suggest. I argue that folk-psychological discourse is organised in a way and has conceptual characteristics such that it cannot fulfill a fact-stating function. To support this claim I develop an open question argument for psychological interpretations, and I draw attention (...)
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  2. Tamás Demeter (2009). Two Kinds of Mental Realism. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 40 (1):59-71.
    I argue that there is a distinction to be drawn between two kinds of mental realism, and I draw some lessons for the realism-antirealism debate. Although it is already at hand, the distinction has not yet been drawn clearly. The difference to be shown consists in what realism is about: it may be either about the interpretation of folk psychology, or the ontology of mental entities. I specify the commitment to the fact-stating character of the discourse as the central component (...)
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  3. Tamás Demeter (2010). In Defence of Empty Realism. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 40 (1):195-197.
    This piece defends the distinction I have drawn in my "Two Kinds of Mental Realism" against criticism put forward in János Tőzsér's "Mental Realism Reloaded".
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  4.  33
    Tamás Demeter (2012). Hume's Experimental Method. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (3):577-599.
    In this article I attempt to reconstruct David Hume's use of the label ?experimental? to characterise his method in the Treatise. Although its meaning may strike the present-day reader as unusual, such a reconstruction is possible from the background of eighteenth-century practices and concepts of natural inquiry. As I argue, Hume's inquiries into human nature are experimental not primarily because of the way the empirical data he uses are produced, but because of the way those data are theoretically processed. He (...)
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  5.  20
    Tamás Demeter (2012). Weltanschauung as a Priori: Sociology of Knowledge From a 'Romantic' Stance. Studies in East European Thought 64 (1-2):39-52.
    In this paper I reconstruct the central concept of the young Lukács’s and Mannheim’s sociology of knowledge, as they present it in their writings in the early decades of the twentieth century. I argue that this concept, namely Weltanschauung, is used to refer to some conceptually unstructured totality of feelings, which they take to be a condition of possibility of intellectual production, and this understanding is contrasted to an alternative construal of the term that presents it as logically structured, quasi-theoretical (...)
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  6.  21
    Tamás Demeter (ed.) (2004). Essays on Wittgenstein and Austrian Philosophy. Rodopi.
  7.  56
    Tamás Demeter & Gábor Á Zemplén (2010). Being Charitable to Scientific Controversies: On the Demonstrativity of Newton's Experimentum Crucis. The Monist 93 (4):640-656.
    Current philosophical reflections on science have departed from mainstream history of science with respect to both methodology and conclusions. The article investigates how different approaches to reconstructing commitments can explain these differences and facilitate a mutual understanding and communication of these two perspectives on science. Translating the differences into problems pertaining to principles of charity, the paper offers a platform for clarification and resolution of the differences between the two perspectives. The outlined contextual approach occupies a middle ground between mainstream (...)
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  8. Tamas Demeter (2009). Can the Strong Program Be Generalized? Review of Sociology 15 (1):5-16.
    I argue that, despite recent attempts, the strong program in the sociology of knowledge cannot be applied as a general method of inquiry in the history of ideas. My main point is that its methodological commitments only allow the strong program to be fruitful in those fields of knowledge whose content can be given by truth conditions. But even in these fields sociological questions can be asked that are not sensitive to truth conditional content. In these cases, as I argue, (...)
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  9.  30
    Tamás Demeter (2008). The Sociological Tradition of Hungarian Philosophy. Studies in East European Thought 60 (1-2):1-16.
    In this introductory paper I sketch the tradition, several early aspects of which are discussed in the following essays and reviews. I introduce the main figures whose work initiated and maintained the sociological orientation in Hungarian philosophy thereby tracing its evolution. I suggest that its sociological outlook, if taken to be a characteristic tendency that gives Hungarian philosophy its distinctive flavour, provides us with the framework of a possible narrative about the history of Hungarian philosophy in the broader context of (...)
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  10.  21
    Tamás Demeter (2015). Before the Two Cultures: Merging the Canons of the History of Science and Philosophy. Metaphilosophy 46 (3):344-363.
    This article argues that early modern philosophy should be seen as an integrated enterprise of moral and natural philosophy. Consequently, early modern moral and natural philosophy should be taught as intellectual enterprises that developed hand in hand. Further, the article argues that the unity of these two fields can be best introduced through methodological ideas. It illustrates these theses through a case study on Scottish Newtonianism, starting with visions concerning the unity of philosophy and then turning to a discussion of (...)
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  11.  16
    Tamás Demeter (2012). The Anatomy and Physiology of Mind: Hume's Vitalistic Account. In H. F. J. Horstmanshoff, H. King & C. Zittel (eds.), Blood, Sweat and Tears: The Changing Concepts of Physiology from Antiquity into Early Modern Europe. Brill
    In this paper I challenge the widely held view which associates Hume’s philosophy with mechanical philosophies of nature and particularly with Newton. This view presents Hume’s account of the human mind as passive receiver of impressions which bring into motion, from the outside, a mental machinery whose functioning is described in terms of mechanical causal principles. Instead, I propose an interpretation which suggests that for Hume the human mind is composed of faculties that can be characterized by their active contribution (...)
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  12.  13
    Tamás Demeter (1999). From Classical Studies Towards Epistemology: The Work of József Balogh. Studies in East European Thought 51 (4):287-305.
    In this paper, I introduce a prominent classical scholar, József Balogh, whose work can be read as a significant contribution to the historiography of ancient, and in some sense modern, philosophy. Following a summary biography, I sketch the relevance of Balogh''s interpretation of Augustine. I draw some analogies between his and Eric Havelock''s treatment of the problems in ancient philosophy, and argue that the obvious similarities between them have a common origin, namely the perspective of the orality/literacy chasm which both (...)
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  13.  39
    Tamás Demeter (2013). Mental Fictionalism: The Very Idea. The Monist 96 (4):483-504.
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  14.  19
    Tamás Demeter (2003). A Metaphysics for Explanatory Ecumenism. Philosophica 71:99-115.
  15.  26
    Tamás Demeter (2010). The Search for an Image of Man. Studies in East European Thought 62 (2):155-167.
    The present paper offers a narrative of the post-World War II development of Hungarian philosophy, and argues that it is characterized by a double, historical and anthropological orientation under Marx’s influence. The resulting amalgam is an intellectual history that looks beyond the ideas themselves, searching for underlying images of man which are represented as ideological backgrounds to theories of nature, society, cognition, etc. The most important works of this approach interpret ideas and anthropologies within a Marxist framework, and see them (...)
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  16.  70
    Tamás Demeter (2002). Supervenient Causation and Programme Explanation. Grazer Philosophische Studien 64 (1):83-93.
    Frank Jackson, Philip Pettit, and Jaegwon Kim put forward two models of higher-level causal explanation. Advocates of both versions are inclined to draw the conclusion that the models don't differ substantially. I argue, on the contrary, that there are relevant metaphysical differences between Jackson and Pettit's notion of programme explanation on the one hand, and Kim's idea of supervenient causation on the other. These can be traced back to underlying differences between the contents of their physicalisms.
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  17.  8
    Tamas Demeter (2015). Lakatos Between Marxism and the Hungarian Heuristic Tradition. Studies in East European Thought 67 (1 - 2):61-73.
    Imre Lakatos gained fame in the English-speaking world as a follower and critic of philosopher of science Karl Popper. However, Lakatos’ background involved other philosophical and scientific sources from his native Hungary. Lakatos surreptitiously used Hegelian Marxism in his works on philosophy of science and mathematics, disguising it with the rhetoric of the Popper school. He also less surreptitiously incorporated, particularly in his treatment of mathematics, work of the strong tradition of heuristics in twentieth century Hungary. Both his Marxism and (...)
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  18.  7
    Tamas Demeter (2015). On the Philosophical Roots of Today’s Science Policy: Any Lessons From the “Lysenko Affair”? Studies in East European Thought 67 (1 - 2):91-109.
    Present science policy discourse is focused on a broad concept of “techno-science” and emphasizes practical economic goals and gains. At the same time scientists are worried about the freedom of research and the autonomy of science. Half a century ago the difference between basic and applied science was widely taken for granted and autonomy was a value in high esteem. Most recent accounts of the history of science policy start abruptly from World War II, emphasize the Cold War context, and (...)
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  19.  24
    Tamás Demeter (2012). Liberty, Necessity and the Foundations of Hume's 'Science of Man'. History of the Human Sciences 25 (1):15-31.
    In this article I suggest that section VIII of Hume’s Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding could be read as a contribution to the foundational issues of a characteristic 18th-century enterprise, namely the ‘science of man’. More specifically, it can be read as a summary of his attempt to place this science on an experimental footing, with an awareness of the lessons he has drawn in the previous sections of the Enquiry. This interpretation fits with an overall reading of the work as (...)
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  20.  19
    Tamás Demeter (2013). Relativism for Philosophers and Sociologists. Metascience 22 (2):475-479.
    Review of Schantz, R./Seidel, M. (eds.): The Problem of Relativism in the Sociology of (Scientific) Knowledge, Frankfurt (Main): ontos.
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  21.  4
    Tamas Demeter (2015). Arnold Hauser and the Multilayer Theory of Knowledge. Studies in East European Thought 67 (1 - 2):41-59.
    The sociology of art as synthesized by Arnold Hauser is based on a theory of knowledge and articulates the cognitive role of art. In a brief analysis, this paper elaborates on the sources of this epistemological enterprise. The pedigree of Hauser’s main thoughts was oriented towards a Kantian and Marxist framework, respectively. As a Kantian, he tried to take into account the philosophical consequences of two different sources of cognition that are equal in value, correlative and necessarily cooperating. Giving exclusive (...)
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  22.  30
    Tamás Demeter (2009). Where Rationality Is. In Barbara Merker (ed.), Verstehen: Nach Heidegger und Brandom. Meiner
    The paper contrasts Robert Brandom’s account of rationality with that of Daniel Dennett. It argues that neither of them is tenable, and sketches an alternative outlook that avoids the problems. In spite of their fundamental differences, both Brandom and Dennett employ a robust, i.e. explanatory and predictive notion of rationality, and for different reasons they both fail to offer a plausible theory supporting it. The lesson offered here is that rationality should not be treated alongside other norms prescribing behaviour, as (...)
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  23.  4
    Tamas Demeter (2015). Epistemological Contributions to the Study of Science in the Latter Days of the USSR: Rethinking Orthodox Marxist Principles. Studies in East European Thought 67 (1 - 2):111-121.
    During the last quarter of the twentieth century, Soviet Russian philosophy did away with ideology in the fields of Science; but until the mid-1980s, scientists could not escape intense ideological scrutiny. A great number of Soviet scientists did their best to avoid this ideological supervision, and pursued their research, remaining neutral toward Marxist ideology. Among these fields of research were so called “philosophical problems of natural sciences”. Some Soviet Russian philosophers put forward original conceptions of scientific development, the structural features (...)
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  24.  3
    Tamas Demeter (2015). Three Genres of Sociology of Knowledge and Their Marxist Origins. Studies in East European Thought 67 (1 - 2):1-11.
    In the present paper I sketch three genres of sociology of knowledge and trace their roots to Marx and Marxist literature while reconstructing two causal and one hermeneutic strand in this context. While so doing the main focus is set on György Lukács and György Márkus and their interpretation of Marx’s contribution to sociologically minded theories of knowledge. As a conclusion I point out that Marx-inspired sociologies of knowledge are more sensitive to the relation of larger-scale social and historical processes (...)
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  25.  3
    Tamas Demeter (2015). Abstraction, Dissociation, and Mental Labor: Paul Szende’s Social Epistemology Between Physiology and Social Theory. Studies in East European Thought 67 (1 - 2):13-30.
    In this paper I focus on the Hungarian intellectual and politician Paul Szende’s sociologically oriented epistemology. I trace the influences of physiology, psychology, economy, evolutionary theory of his day on his sociological theory of abstractive knowledge, and discuss the close connection between physiological, social, and economic aspects in the early sociology of knowledge. My discussion continues with an examination of Szende’s differentiation between two economic effects within social epistemology: on the one hand the ‘economy of thought’ in the tradition of (...)
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  26.  7
    Tamás Demeter (1999). Nyíri, J.C., Tradition and Individuality: Philosophical Essays, “Synthese Library”; Nyíri, Kristóf, A Hagyomány Filozófiája (The Philosophy of Tradition); Neumer, Katalin, Gondolkodás, Beszéd, Írás (Thought, Language, and Writing). [REVIEW] Studies in East European Thought 51 (4):329-340.
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  27.  20
    Tamás Demeter (1999). Beyond Wittgenstein. [REVIEW] Studies in East European Thought 51 (4):329-340.
  28.  13
    Tamás Demeter (2011). A Touch of the Dramatic. In Josef Steiff (ed.), Sherlock Holmes and Philosophy. Open Court
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  29.  21
    Tamás Demeter (2008). Agency, Ethics and Politics in Aurel Kolnai's Philosophy. [REVIEW] Studies in East European Thought 60 (1-2):173-175.
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  30.  7
    Tamás Demeter (2014). Newton for Philosophers. Metascience 23 (2):249-253.
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  31. Tamás Demeter (forthcoming). Post-Mechanical Explanation in the Natural and Moral Sciences: The Language of Nature and Human Nature in David Hume and William Cullen. Jahrbuch für Europäische Wissenschaftskultur.
    It is common wisdom in intellectual history that eighteenth-century science of man evolved under the aegis of Newton. It is also frequently suggested that David Hume, one of the most influential practitioners of this kind of inquiry, aspired to be the Newton of the moral sciences. Usually this goes hand in hand with a more or less explicit reading of Hume’s theory of human nature as written in an idiom of particulate inert matter and active forces acting on it, i.e. (...)
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  32.  10
    Gábor Á Zemplén & Tamás Demeter (2010). Being Charitable to Scientific Controversies. The Monist 93 (4):640-656.
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  33.  15
    Tamás Demeter (2004). The Many Faces of Sociological Interpretation: The Unity of Nyíri's Thought. In Essays on Wittgenstein and Austrian Philosophy. Rodopi 38--1.
    J.C. Nyíri’s work is well-known for his interpretation of Wittgenstein as a conservative thinker. Nevertheless, his reading of Wittgenstein is only one strand, even if presumably the most influential one, in his general interpretation of Austro-Hungarian philosophy. Therefore his reading of Wittgenstein is best understood if viewed as part of a complex, sociologically inspired picture of Austrian philosophy. In this introductory essay I present Nyíri’s work as an exercise in the sociology of philosophical knowledge, broadly understood, and provide a unified (...)
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  34.  1
    Tamás Demeter (2009). Two Kinds of Mental Realism. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 40 (1):59-71.
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  35.  6
    Tamás Demeter (forthcoming). József Balogh. In Karla Pollman (ed.), Oxford Guide to the Historical Reception of Augustine. Oxford University Press
  36.  3
    Tamás Demeter (2011). John P. Wright , Hume's Treatise of Human Nature: An Introduction . Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 30 (6):464-466.
  37.  5
    Tamás Demeter (1999). Review: Beyond Wittgenstein. [REVIEW] Studies in East European Thought 51 (4):329 - 340.
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  38.  2
    Tamás Demeter (2012). Daniel Garber , Leibniz: Body, Substance, Monad . Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 32 (6):465-467.
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  39.  4
    Tamás Demeter (2012). Introduction. Studies in East European Thought 64 (1-2):1-4.
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  40. Tamas Demeter (1999). David Bloor: Wittgenstein, Rules and Institutions. [REVIEW] Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 52 (3).
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  41. Tamás Demeter (ed.) (2004). Essays on Wittgenstein and Austrian Philosophy: In Honour of J.C. Nyíri. Rodopi.
    Essays on Wittgenstein and Austrian Philosophy is presented for the 60th birthday of professor Christoph Nyíri. The essays presented here for the first time are focused on Austrian intellectual history, and on Wittgenstein’s philosophy – the two main areas of Professor Nyíri’s interests. Typically, the contributors are outstanding scholars of the field, including among others David Bloor, Lee Congdon, Newton Garver, Wilhelm Lütterfields, Joachim Schulte, Barry Smith. The volume is of primary interest for Wittgenstein scholars and those studying the 19th (...)
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  42. Tamas Demeter (2001). Frank Jackson: From Metaphysics to Ethics: Defence of Conceptual Analysis. [REVIEW] Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 54 (2).
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  43. Tamas Demeter (2011). Hume: Nature. Philosophical Forum 42 (3):306-306.
  44. Tamás Demeter (2010). John P. Wright, Hume’s Treatise of Human Nature: An Introduction. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 30:464-466.
  45. Tamas Demeter (2001). Katalin Neumer: Die Relativität der Grenzen. Studien zur Philosophie Wittgensteins. [REVIEW] Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 54 (3).
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  46. Tamás Demeter (2010). Rachel Cohon, Hume's Morality: Feeling and Fabrication. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 30 (2):83-86.
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  47. Tamas Demeter (2001). Stephen Mumford: Dispositions. [REVIEW] Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 54 (2).
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  48. Tamás Demeter (2008). The Sociological Tradition of Hungarian Philosophy. Studies in East European Thought 60 (1-2):1-16.
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  49. Tamás Demeter (1999). Locke and Metaphors. S - European Journal for Semiotic Studies 11 (1-3):75-88.
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  50. Tamás Demeter (2001). Meaning and Cartesian Thoughts. Wittgenstein Jahrbuch 2000 1:49-62.
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