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Profile: Tamas Demeter (Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Institute for Philosophical Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences)
  1. Tamás Demeter (forthcoming). József Balogh. In Karla Pollman (ed.), Oxford Guide to the Historical Reception of Augustine. Oxford University Press.
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  2. Tamás Demeter (forthcoming). Post-Mechanical Explanation in the Natural and Moral Sciences: The Language of Nature and Human Nature in David Hume and William Cullen. Jahrbuch für Europäische Wissenschaftskultur.
    It is common wisdom in intellectual history that eighteenth-century science of man evolved under the aegis of Newton. It is also frequently suggested that David Hume, one of the most influential practitioners of this kind of inquiry, aspired to be the Newton of the moral sciences. Usually this goes hand in hand with a more or less explicit reading of Hume’s theory of human nature as written in an idiom of particulate inert matter and active forces acting on it, i.e. (...)
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  3. Tamás Demeter (2013). Mental Fictionalism: The Very Idea. The Monist 96 (4):483-504.
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  4. Tamás Demeter (2013). Newton for Philosophers. Metascience:1-5.
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  5. Tamás Demeter (2013). Relativism for Philosophers and Sociologists. Metascience 22 (2):475-479.
    Review of Schantz, R./Seidel, M. (eds.): The Problem of Relativism in the Sociology of (Scientific) Knowledge, Frankfurt (Main): ontos.
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  6. Tamás Demeter (2012). Daniel Garber , Leibniz: Body, Substance, Monad . Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 32 (6):465-467.
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  7. Tamás Demeter (2012). Hume's Experimental Method. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (3):577-599.
    In this article I attempt to reconstruct David Hume's use of the label ?experimental? to characterise his method in the Treatise. Although its meaning may strike the present-day reader as unusual, such a reconstruction is possible from the background of eighteenth-century practices and concepts of natural inquiry. As I argue, Hume's inquiries into human nature are experimental not primarily because of the way the empirical data he uses are produced, but because of the way those data are theoretically processed. He (...)
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  8. Tamás Demeter (2012). Introduction. Studies in East European Thought 64 (1-2):1-4.
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  9. Tamás Demeter (2012). Liberty, Necessity and the Foundations of Hume's 'Science of Man'. History of the Human Sciences 25 (1):15-31.
    In this article I suggest that section VIII of Hume’s Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding could be read as a contribution to the foundational issues of a characteristic 18th-century enterprise, namely the ‘science of man’. More specifically, it can be read as a summary of his attempt to place this science on an experimental footing, with an awareness of the lessons he has drawn in the previous sections of the Enquiry. This interpretation fits with an overall reading of the work as (...)
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  10. Tamás Demeter (2012). The Anatomy and Physiology of Mind: Hume's Vitalistic Account. In H. F. J. Horstmanshoff, H. King & C. Zittel (eds.), Blood, Sweat and Tears: The Changing Concepts of Physiology from Antiquity into Early Modern Europe. Brill.
    In this paper I challenge the widely held view which associates Hume’s philosophy with mechanical philosophies of nature and particularly with Newton. This view presents Hume’s account of the human mind as passive receiver of impressions which bring into motion, from the outside, a mental machinery whose functioning is described in terms of mechanical causal principles. Instead, I propose an interpretation which suggests that for Hume the human mind is composed of faculties that can be characterized by their active contribution (...)
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  11. Tamás Demeter (2012). Weltanschauung as a Priori: Sociology of Knowledge From a 'Romantic' Stance. Studies in East European Thought 64 (1-2):39-52.
    In this paper I reconstruct the central concept of the young Lukács’s and Mannheim’s sociology of knowledge, as they present it in their writings in the early decades of the twentieth century. I argue that this concept, namely Weltanschauung, is used to refer to some conceptually unstructured totality of feelings, which they take to be a condition of possibility of intellectual production, and this understanding is contrasted to an alternative construal of the term that presents it as logically structured, quasi-theoretical (...)
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  12. Tamás Demeter (2011). A Touch of the Dramatic. In Josef Steiff (ed.), Sherlock Holmes and Philosophy. Open Court.
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  13. Tamas Demeter (2011). Hume: Nature. Philosophical Forum 42 (3):306-306.
     
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  14. Tamás Demeter (2011). John P. Wright , Hume's Treatise of Human Nature: An Introduction . Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 30 (6):464-466.
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  15. Tamás Demeter (2010). In Defence of Empty Realism. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 40 (1):195-197.
    This piece defends the distinction I have drawn in my "Two Kinds of Mental Realism" against criticism put forward in János Tőzsér's "Mental Realism Reloaded".
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  16. Tamás Demeter (2010). Rachel Cohon, Hume's Morality: Feeling and Fabrication. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 30 (2):83-86.
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  17. Tamás Demeter (2010). Rachel Cohon, Hume's Morality: Feeling and Fabrication Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 30 (2):83-86.
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  18. Tamás Demeter (2010). The Search for an Image of Man. Studies in East European Thought 62 (2):155-167.
    The present paper offers a narrative of the post-World War II development of Hungarian philosophy, and argues that it is characterized by a double, historical and anthropological orientation under Marx’s influence. The resulting amalgam is an intellectual history that looks beyond the ideas themselves, searching for underlying images of man which are represented as ideological backgrounds to theories of nature, society, cognition, etc. The most important works of this approach interpret ideas and anthropologies within a Marxist framework, and see them (...)
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  19. Tamás Demeter & Gábor Á Zemplén (2010). Being Charitable to Scientific Controversies: On the Demonstrativity of Newton's Experimentum Crucis. The Monist 93 (4):640-656.
    Current philosophical reflections on science have departed from mainstream history of science with respect to both methodology and conclusions. The article investigates how different approaches to reconstructing commitments can explain these differences and facilitate a mutual understanding and communication of these two perspectives on science. Translating the differences into problems pertaining to principles of charity, the paper offers a platform for clarification and resolution of the differences between the two perspectives. The outlined contextual approach occupies a middle ground between mainstream (...)
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  20. Gábor Á Zemplén & Tamás Demeter (2010). Being Charitable to Scientific Controversies. The Monist 93 (4):640-656.
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  21. Tamas Demeter (2009). Can the Strong Program Be Generalized? Review of Sociology 15 (1):5-16.
    I argue that, despite recent attempts, the strong program in the sociology of knowledge cannot be applied as a general method of inquiry in the history of ideas. My main point is that its methodological commitments only allow the strong program to be fruitful in those fields of knowledge whose content can be given by truth conditions. But even in these fields sociological questions can be asked that are not sensitive to truth conditional content. In these cases, as I argue, (...)
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  22. Tamás Demeter (2009). Folk Psychology Is Not a Metarepresentational Device. European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 5 (2):19-38.
    Here I challenge the philosophical consensus that we use folk psychology for the purposes of metarepresentation. The paper intends to show that folk psychology should not be conceived on par with fact-stating discourses in spite of what its surface semantics may suggest. I argue that folk-psychological discourse is organised in a way and has conceptual characteristics such that it cannot fulfill a fact-stating function. To support this claim I develop an open question argument for psychological interpretations, and I draw attention (...)
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  23. Tamás Demeter (2009). Two Kinds of Mental Realism. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 40 (1):59-71.
    I argue that there is a distinction to be drawn between two kinds of mental realism, and I draw some lessons for the realism-antirealism debate. Although it is already at hand, the distinction has not yet been drawn clearly. The difference to be shown consists in what realism is about: it may be either about the interpretation of folk psychology, or the ontology of mental entities. I specify the commitment to the fact-stating character of the discourse as the central component (...)
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  24. Tamás Demeter (2009). Where Rationality Is. In Barbara Merker (ed.), Verstehen: Nach Heidegger und Brandom. Meiner.
    The paper contrasts Robert Brandom’s account of rationality with that of Daniel Dennett. It argues that neither of them is tenable, and sketches an alternative outlook that avoids the problems. In spite of their fundamental differences, both Brandom and Dennett employ a robust, i.e. explanatory and predictive notion of rationality, and for different reasons they both fail to offer a plausible theory supporting it. The lesson offered here is that rationality should not be treated alongside other norms prescribing behaviour, as (...)
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  25. Tamás Demeter (2008). Agency, Ethics and Politics in Aurel Kolnai's Philosophy. [REVIEW] Studies in East European Thought 60 (1-2):173-175.
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  26. Tamás Demeter (2008). The Sociological Tradition of Hungarian Philosophy. Studies in East European Thought 60 (1-2):1-16.
    In this introductory paper I sketch the tradition, several early aspects of which are discussed in the following essays and reviews. I introduce the main figures whose work initiated and maintained the sociological orientation in Hungarian philosophy thereby tracing its evolution. I suggest that its sociological outlook, if taken to be a characteristic tendency that gives Hungarian philosophy its distinctive flavour, provides us with the framework of a possible narrative about the history of Hungarian philosophy in the broader context of (...)
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  27. Tamás Demeter (ed.) (2004). Essays on Wittgenstein and Austrian Philosophy. Rodopi.
  28. Tamás Demeter (2004). The Many Faces of Sociological Interpretation: The Unity of Nyíri's Thought. In , Essays on Wittgenstein and Austrian Philosophy. Rodopi. 38--1.
    J.C. Nyíri’s work is well-known for his interpretation of Wittgenstein as a conservative thinker. Nevertheless, his reading of Wittgenstein is only one strand, even if presumably the most influential one, in his general interpretation of Austro-Hungarian philosophy. Therefore his reading of Wittgenstein is best understood if viewed as part of a complex, sociologically inspired picture of Austrian philosophy. In this introductory essay I present Nyíri’s work as an exercise in the sociology of philosophical knowledge, broadly understood, and provide a unified (...)
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  29. Tamás Demeter (2003). A Metaphysics for Explanatory Ecumenism. Philosophica 71:99-115.
  30. Tamás Demeter (2002). Supervenient Causation and Programme Explanation. Grazer Philosophische Studien 64 (1):83-93.
    Frank Jackson, Philip Pettit, and Jaegwon Kim put forward two models of higher-level causal explanation. Advocates of both versions are inclined to draw the conclusion that the models don't differ substantially. I argue, on the contrary, that there are relevant metaphysical differences between Jackson and Pettit's notion of programme explanation on the one hand, and Kim's idea of supervenient causation on the other. These can be traced back to underlying differences between the contents of their physicalisms.
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  31. Tamás Demeter (2001). Meaning and Cartesian Thoughts. Wittgenstein Jahrbuch 2000 1:49-62.
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  32. Tamás Demeter (1999). From Classical Studies Towards Epistemology: The Work of József Balogh. Studies in East European Thought 51 (4):287-305.
    In this paper, I introduce a prominent classical scholar, József Balogh, whose work can be read as a significant contribution to the historiography of ancient, and in some sense modern, philosophy. Following a summary biography, I sketch the relevance of Balogh''s interpretation of Augustine. I draw some analogies between his and Eric Havelock''s treatment of the problems in ancient philosophy, and argue that the obvious similarities between them have a common origin, namely the perspective of the orality/literacy chasm which both (...)
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  33. Tamás Demeter (1999). Beyond Wittgenstein. [REVIEW] Studies in East European Thought 51 (4):329-340.
  34. Tamás Demeter (1999). Nyíri, J.C., Tradition and Individuality: Philosophical Essays, “Synthese Library”; Nyíri, Kristóf, A Hagyomány Filozófiája (The Philosophy of Tradition); Neumer, Katalin, Gondolkodás, Beszéd, Írás (Thought, Language, and Writing). [REVIEW] Studies in East European Thought 51 (4):329-340.
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  35. Tamás Demeter (1999). Review: Beyond Wittgenstein. [REVIEW] Studies in East European Thought 51 (4):329 - 340.
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  36. Tamás Demeter (1999). Locke and Metaphors. S - European Journal for Semiotic Studies 11 (1-3):75-88.
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