Search results for 'Technology and state' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  68
    Don Ihde (2004). Has the Philosophy of Technology Arrived? A State‐of‐the‐Art Review. Philosophy of Science 71 (1):117-131.
    Using the occasion of the publication of a Blackwell anthology in the philosophy of technology, Philosophy of Technology: The Technological Condition (2003), as a key to the contemporary role of this subdiscipline, this article reviews the current state-of-this-art. Both philosophy of science and philosophy of technology are twentieth century inventions, but each has followed a somewhat different set of philosophical traditions and pursued sometimes divergent questions. Here the primary developments of recent philosophy of technology are (...)
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  2.  12
    Daniel Basco, Lisa Campo-Engelstein & Sarah Rodriguez (2010). Insuring Against Infertility: Expanding State Infertility Mandates to Include Fertility Preservation Technology for Cancer Patients. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 38 (4):832-839.
    In this paper, we recommend expanding infertility insurance mandates to people who may become infertile because of cancer treatments. Such an expansion would ensure cancer patients can receive fertility preservation technology (FPT) prior to commencing treatment. We base our proposal for extending coverage to cancer patients on the infertility mandate in Massachusetts because it is one of the most inclusive. While we use Massachusetts as a model, our arguments and analysis of possible routes to coverage can be applied to (...)
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  3.  3
    J. Andermann (2010). State Formation, Visual Technology and Spectatorship: Visions of Modernity in Brazil and Argentina. Theory, Culture and Society 27 (7-8):161-183.
    How can we conceive of the relation between technologies of image-making and the formations of political power, without reducing the former to merely superstructural effects of a pre-existing ideology or deducing the latter from the functional determination inherent in technical apparatuses? In this article, I revisit the notion of the state as a visual form I proposed in an earlier work, arguing that in order to understand the articulation between politics and visuality in modernity we need to pay attention (...)
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  4.  9
    Ingemar Nordin (1991). State, Technology, and Planning. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 21 (4):458-475.
    A central theme within political theory is the rational management of society based on science and technology. This idea involves several problems concerning the philosophy of technology and social engineering. Some of these difficulties, which are discussed in this essay, are (1) the scientific identification of objective needs and what we can do with it with respect to rational choice, (2) expert-management versus user-management in technical matters, (3) the nature of technology and its consequences for planning, and (...)
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  5. John P. McCormick (1994). Fear, Technology, and the State: Carl Schmitt, Leo Strauss, and the Revival of Hobbes in Weimar and National Socialist Germany. Political Theory 22 (4):619-652.
    It is striking that one of the most consequential representatives of [the] abstract scientific orientation of the seventeenth century [Thomas Hobbes] became so personalistic. This is because as a juristic thinker he wanted to grasp the reality of societal life just as much as he, as a philosopher and a natural scientist, wanted to grasp the reality of nature.... [J]uristic thought in those days had not yet become so overpowered by the natural sciences that he, in the intensity of his (...)
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  6.  2
    Roger L. Geiger & Creso Sá (2005). Beyond Technology Transfer: US State Policies to Harness University Research for Economic Development. Minerva 43 (1):1-21.
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  7.  17
    Robert Kurfirst (1991). Beyond Malthusianism: Demography and Technology in John Stuart Mill's Stationary State. Utilitas 3 (1):53.
    In his evaluation of the major social reform movements of his era, Mill chastised well-meaning reformers for their reluctance to elevate Malthusianism to a position of prominence in their efforts. He was convinced that the key to the material, mental, and moral improvement of the poor and the workers lay in a reduction of their physical numbers and in the behavioural modifications entailed by such a diminution, whereas most other reformers looked elsewhere for solutions. A favourite assumption about the proper (...)
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  8.  6
    Alessandro Bonanno (1989). On the Penetration of Capitalism in Agriculture: A Short Critique of Gary Green's “State, Class, and Technology in Tobacco Production”. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 6 (4):81-82.
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  9.  7
    Gary P. Green (1989). State, Class, and Technology in Tobacco Production. Agriculture and Human Values 6 (4):54-61.
    Recent debates over the persistence of family farms have focused on the importance of “naturalistic” obstacles to the capitalist development of agriculture. According to these arguments, the existence of these barriers in some realms of agricultural production precludes the development of wage labor. I argue, however, that in many instances these obstacles are based primarily on political factors. To demonstrate this thesis I illustrate how the tobacco program until recently has proved to be an obstacle to consolidation and structural change (...)
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  10.  28
    Patrick Crogan (1999). Theory of State Deleuze, Guattari and Virilio on the State, Technology and Speed. Angelaki 4 (2):137 – 148.
  11.  7
    Patrick McDonald (2003). Cal Review. Koffi Maglo is a Visiting Assistant Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He Holds a BA From the University of Benin in Togo and a Ph. D. From the University of Burgundy in France. He Did Postdoctoral Studies at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. [REVIEW] Perspectives on Science 11 (2).
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  12.  5
    U. Ugwu (2006). Institutional Framework for Grassroot Development of Science and Technology in Nigeria: A Case Study of Ebonyi State. Sophia: An African Journal of Philosophy 8 (1).
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  13.  6
    Sari Autio-Sarasmo (2013). Per Lundin, Niklas Stenlås and Johan Gribbe (Eds.), Science for Welfare and Warfare: Technology and State Initiative in Cold War Sweden. [REVIEW] Minerva 51 (1):123-126.
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  14.  4
    L. Levy (1997). Philosophical Ethics Meets Technology: A Difficult State of Affairs. Global Bioethics 10 (1-4):35-54.
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  15.  3
    Janice Matsumura (2008). The 'All-Knowing' Japanese State? New Scholarship on Medicine, Science, Technology, and Industrial Relations. Minerva 46 (1):77-86.
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  16.  3
    Sandro Matosevic (2012). Synthesizing Artificial Cells From Giant Unilamellar Vesicles: State‐of‐the Art in the Development of Microfluidic Technology. Bioessays 34 (11):992-1001.
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  17. Kristin Asdal & Christoph Gradmann (2014). Introduction: Science, Technology, Medicine – and the State: The Science-State Nexus in Scandinavia, 1850–1980. Science in Context 27 (2):177-186.
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  18. Daniel Basco, Lisa Campo-Engelstein & Sarah Rodriguez (2010). Insuring Against Infertility: Expanding State Infertility Mandates to Include Fertility Preservation Technology for Cancer Patients. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (4):832-839.
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  19. Roger L. Geiger & Creso Sa (2005). Beyond Technology Transfer: New State Policies for Economic Development for US Universities. Minerva 42 (1).
     
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  20. D. Kumar & P. Fritzer (1998). Science-Technology-Society Education Implementation in the State of Florida. Journal of Social Studies Research 22:14-18.
     
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  21. J. P. Mccormick (1994). Fear, Technology, and the State: Carl Schmitt, Leo Strauss, and the Revival of Hobbes in Weimar and National Socialist Germany. Political Theory 22 (4):619-652.
  22. Walter Prevenier (2003). Richard W. Unger, A History of Brewing in Holland, 900–1900: Economy, Technology and the State. Leiden, Boston, and Cologne: Brill, 2001. Pp. Xxii, 428; 40 Black-and-White Illustrations, Black-and-White Figures, Tables, and 1 Map. $154. [REVIEW] Speculum 78 (4):1416-1417.
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  23. Mat Savelli (2015). Competing with the Soviets: Science, Technology, and the State in Cold War America. Annals of Science 72 (1):141-142.
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  24. E. Thomas (1968). On the Present State of the Problems of Units and Terminology in Vacuum Science and Technology. In Peter Koestenbaum (ed.), Proceedings. [San Jose? Calif. 1--43.
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  25. John Urry (1981). Marx, Technology and the State. A Review of John McMurtry's "The Structure of Marx's World-View". [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 11 (1):69.
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  26.  21
    Martin Bridgstock (ed.) (1998). Science, Technology, and Society: An Introduction. Cambridge University Press.
    This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the human, social and economic aspects of science and technology. It examines a broad range of issues from a variety of perspectives, using examples and experiences from Australia and around the world. The authors present complex issues in an accessible and engaging form. Topics include the responsibilities of scientists, ethical dilemmas and controversies, the Industrial Revolution, economic issues, public policy, and science and technology in developing countries. The book ends with a (...)
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  27. Andrew Webster (1991). Science, Technology, and Society: New Directions. Macmillan.
     
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  28.  4
    Simon D. Angus & Andrew Newnham (2013). The Bit‐Economy: An Artificial Model of Open‐Ended Technology Discovery. Complexity 18 (5):57-67.
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  29. Carl Mitcham (1993). Philosophy of Technology in Spanish Speaking Countries.
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  30. Haruo Nagamine (1989). Science and Technology in Human Resources Development: Experience in the Escap Region. Economic Research Center, Faculty of Economics, Nagoya University.
     
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  31. Abdur Rahman (1988). Philosophy of Science and its Application to the Science and Technology Development in India. Unesco Regional Office.
     
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  32. S. O. Wey (1984). The World at Adult Stage: Religion, Geopolitics, and Technology in the Twenty-First Century. Evans Brothers.
     
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  33.  7
    Kazumi Kondoh & Raymond A. Jussaume Jr (2006). Contextualizing Farmers' Attitudes Towards Genetically Modified Crops. Agriculture and Human Values 23 (3):341-352.
    Analyses of the role of technological development in agriculture are central to an understanding of social change in agri-food systems. The objective of this paper is to contribute to the formation of a broader perspective of how farmers are positioning themselves with respect to controversial agricultural technologies through an empirical analysis of Washington State farmers’ willingness or unwillingness to try Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) technology on their farms. The use of this type of biotechnology in farming has been (...)
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  34.  36
    Kurt Seemann (2003). Basic Principles in Holistic Technology Education. Journal of Technology Education 14 (2):15.
    A school that adopts a curriculum, that aims for a holistic understanding of technology, does so because it produces a better educated person than a curriculum which does not. How do we know when we are teaching technology holistically and why must we do so? Increasingly, more is asked of technology educators to be holistic in the understanding conveyed to learners of technology itself in order to make better informed technical and design decisions in a wider (...)
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  35. René von Schomberg (ed.) (1993). Science, Politics, and Morality: Scientific Uncertainty and Decision Making. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    Current environmental problems and technological risks are a challenge for a new institutional arrangement of the value spheres of Science, Politics and Morality. Distinguished authors from different European countries and America provide a cross-disciplinary perspective on the problems of political decision making under the conditions of scientific uncertainty. cases from biotechnology and the environmental sciences are discussed. The papers collected for this volume address the following themes: (i) controversies about risks and political decision making; (ii) concepts of science for policy; (...)
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  36.  36
    Michael Gibbons (ed.) (1994). The New Production of Knowledge: The Dynamics of Science and Research in Contemporary Societies. Sage Publications.
    As we approach the end of the twentieth century, the ways in which knowledge--scientific, social, and cultural--is produced are undergoing fundamental changes. In The New Production of Knowledge, a distinguished group of authors analyze these changes as marking the transition from established institutions, disciplines, practices, and policies to a new mode of knowledge production. Identifying such elements as reflexivity, transdisciplinarity, and heterogeneity within this new mode, the authors consider their impact and interplay with the role of knowledge in social relations. (...)
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  37.  7
    Clarence Burton Sheffield (forthcoming). Promoting Critical Thinking in Higher Education: My Experiences as the Inaugural Eugene H. Fram Chair in Applied Critical Thinking at Rochester Institute of Technology. Topoi:1-9.
    From 2012 to 2015 I was the first Eugene H. Fram Chair in Applied Critical Thinking at Rochester Institute of Technology, in Rochester, NY. To the best of my knowledge it is the only such endowed position devoted solely to this at a major North American university. It was made possible by a generous 3 million dollar gift from an anonymous alumnus who wished to honor a retired faculty member who had taught for 51 years. The honoree was revered (...)
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  38.  7
    David H. Guston (2011). Participating Despite Questions: Toward a More Confident Participatory Technology Assessment. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (4):691-697.
    While the important challenges of public deliberations on emerging technologies are crucial to keep in mind, this paper argues that scholars and practitioners have reason to be more confident in their performance of participatory technology assessments (pTA). Drawing on evidence from the 2008 National Citizens’ Technology Forum (NCTF) conducted by the Center for Nanotechnology in Society at Arizona State University, this paper describes how pTA offers a combination of intensive and extensive qualities that are unique among modes (...)
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  39.  9
    Andrei Andrianov, Victor Kanke, Ilya Kuptsov & Viktor Murogov (2015). Reexamining the Ethics of Nuclear Technology. Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (4):999-1018.
    This article analyzes the present status, development trends, and problems in the ethics of nuclear technology in light of a possible revision of its conceptual foundations. First, to better recognize the current state of nuclear technology ethics and related problems, this article focuses on presenting a picture of the evolution of the concepts and recent achievements related to technoethics, based on the ethics of responsibility. The term ‘ethics of nuclear technology’ describes a multidisciplinary endeavor to examine (...)
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  40.  25
    Claus Zittel (ed.) (2008). Philosophies of Technology: Francis Bacon and His Contemporaries. Brill.
    ... AND PROFITABLE INVENTIONS AND DISCOVERIES; THE BEST STATE OF THAT PROVINCE”: TECHNOLOGY AND CULTURE DURING FRANCIS BACON'S STAY IN FRANCE* Luisa ...
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  41.  63
    Marc J. de Vries (2005). Teaching About Technology: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Technology for Non-Philosophers. Springer.
    Teaching about technology, at all levels of education, can only be done properly when those who teach have a clear idea about what it is that they teach. In other words: they should be able to give a decent answer to the question: what is technology? In the philosophy of technology that question is explored. Therefore the philosophy of technology is a discipline with a high relevance for those who teach about technology. Literature in this (...)
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  42.  42
    Diana Stuart & Michelle Woroosz (2013). Erratum To: The Myth of Efficiency: Technology and Ethics in Industrial Food Production. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (1):257-257.
    Abstract In this paper, we explore how the application of technological tools has reshaped food production systems in ways that foster large-scale outbreaks of foodborne illness. Outbreaks of foodborne illness have received increasing attention in recent years, resulting in a growing awareness of the negative impacts associated with industrial food production. These trends indicate a need to examine systemic causes of outbreaks and how they are being addressed. In this paper, we analyze outbreaks linked to ground beef and salad greens. (...)
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  43.  10
    Stephen E. Gareau (2004). The Development of Guidelines for Implementing Information Technology to Promote Food Security. Agriculture and Human Values 21 (4):273-285.
    Food insecurity, and its extreme form, hunger, occur whenever the accessibility to an adequate supply of nutritional and safe foods becomes restricted or unpredictable. They are recurring problems in certain regions of the US, as well as in many parts of the world. According to nation-wide surveys conducted by the US Bureau of the Census, between 1996 and 1998 an estimated 9.7% of US households were classified as food insecure (6.2% being food insecure without evidence of hunger, and 3.5% being (...)
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  44.  2
    Wendy Martin (1999). The Social and Cultural Shaping of Educational Technology: Toward a Social Constructivist Framework. [REVIEW] AI and Society 13 (4):402-420.
    The Social Construction of Technology (SCOT) theory offers a useful conceptual framework for examining the social and cultural factors that may contribute to or detract from the successful integration of computer technology into educational environments. This theory, which grew out of studies in the history of technology and the sociology of science, suggests methods for studying the phenomenon of technological development, such as identifying the relevant social groups involved in the development process and the factors that either (...)
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  45.  1
    Niels G. Röling & Paul G. H. Engel (1990). Information Technology From a Knowledge System Perspective: Concepts and Issues. [REVIEW] Knowledge, Technology & Policy 3 (3):6-18.
    Studying knowledge utilization and related processes calls for a conceptual framework. We look at the actors that engage in these processes in a specific field of human activity, and the interfaces and linkages between them, as a Knowledge and Information System (KIS). Although this KIS perspective originates from agriculture it also can be applied to other knowledge domains. Evidence gathered shows that for a KIS to be effective the actors (e.g., researchers, extensionalists, and clients) must act synergically. This inspired us (...)
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  46.  46
    Howard Caygill, Arcanum: The Secret Life of State and Civil Society.
    The chapter examines the political arcanum historically and conceptually and reflects on the implications of digital technology for the state and civil society relation.
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  47.  15
    Tom Sorell & Heather Draper (2012). Telecare, Surveillance, and the Welfare State. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (9):36-44.
    In Europe, telecare is the use of remote monitoring technology to enable vulnerable people to live independently in their own homes. The technology includes electronic tags and sensors that transmit information about the user's location and patterns of behavior in the user's home to an external hub, where it can trigger an intervention in an emergency. Telecare users in the United Kingdom sometimes report their unease about being monitored by a ?Big Brother,? and the same kind of electronic (...)
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  48.  19
    Sheila Jasanoff (2012). Science and Public Reason. Routledge.
    This collection of essays by Sheila Jasanoff explores how democratic governments construct public reason, that is, the forms of evidence and argument used in making state decisions accountable to citizens.
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  49.  24
    Diana M. Bowman & Graeme A. Hodge (2008). A Big Regulatory Tool-Box for a Small Technology. NanoEthics 2 (2):193-207.
    There is little doubt that the development and commercialisation of nanotechnologies is challenging traditional state-based regulatory regimes. Yet governments currently appear to be taking a non-interventionist approach to directly regulating this emerging technology. This paper argues that a large regulatory toolbox is available for governing this small technology and that as nanotechnologies evolve, many regulatory advances are likely to occur outside of government. It notes the scientific uncertainties facing us as we contemplate nanotechnology regulatory matters and then (...)
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  50.  17
    Mariachiara Tallacchini (2009). Governing by Values. EU Ethics: Soft Tool, Hard Effects. [REVIEW] Minerva 47 (3):281-306.
    The institutionalization of ethics and the direct influence of politics on how ethics bodies frame their opinions have been widely recognized and explored in the last few years. Less attention has been paid to what kind of normative instrument ethics as an institutional phenomenon has become in the State under the rule of law, and which institutional powers it has depended on. This paper analyzes the rise of ethics in the European Union context, where ethics, constructed as an isolated (...)
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