Search results for 'Technology and state' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Don Ihde (2004). Has the Philosophy of Technology Arrived? A State‐of‐the‐Art Review. Philosophy of Science 71 (1):117-131.score: 144.0
    Using the occasion of the publication of a Blackwell anthology in the philosophy of technology, Philosophy of Technology: The Technological Condition (2003), as a key to the contemporary role of this subdiscipline, this article reviews the current state-of-this-art. Both philosophy of science and philosophy of technology are twentieth century inventions, but each has followed a somewhat different set of philosophical traditions and pursued sometimes divergent questions. Here the primary developments of recent philosophy of technology are (...)
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  2. Daniel Basco, Lisa Campo-Engelstein & Sarah Rodriguez (2010). Insuring Against Infertility: Expanding State Infertility Mandates to Include Fertility Preservation Technology for Cancer Patients. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (4):832-839.score: 132.0
    In this paper, we recommend expanding infertility insurance mandates to people who may become infertile because of cancer treatments. Such an expansion would ensure cancer patients can receive fertility preservation technology (FPT) prior to commencing treatment. We base our proposal for extending coverage to cancer patients on the infertility mandate in Massachusetts because it is one of the most inclusive. While we use Massachusetts as a model, our arguments and analysis of possible routes to coverage can be applied to (...)
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  3. Ingemar Nordin (1991). State, Technology, and Planning. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 21 (4):458-475.score: 126.0
    A central theme within political theory is the rational management of society based on science and technology. This idea involves several problems concerning the philosophy of technology and social engineering. Some of these difficulties, which are discussed in this essay, are (1) the scientific identification of objective needs and what we can do with it with respect to rational choice, (2) expert-management versus user-management in technical matters, (3) the nature of technology and its consequences for planning, and (...)
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  4. Gary P. Green (1989). State, Class, and Technology in Tobacco Production. Agriculture and Human Values 6 (4):54-61.score: 122.0
    Recent debates over the persistence of family farms have focused on the importance of “naturalistic” obstacles to the capitalist development of agriculture. According to these arguments, the existence of these barriers in some realms of agricultural production precludes the development of wage labor. I argue, however, that in many instances these obstacles are based primarily on political factors. To demonstrate this thesis I illustrate how the tobacco program until recently has proved to be an obstacle to consolidation and structural change (...)
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  5. John P. McCormick (1994). Fear, Technology, and the State: Carl Schmitt, Leo Strauss, and the Revival of Hobbes in Weimar and National Socialist Germany. Political Theory 22 (4):619-652.score: 120.0
    It is striking that one of the most consequential representatives of [the] abstract scientific orientation of the seventeenth century [Thomas Hobbes] became so personalistic. This is because as a juristic thinker he wanted to grasp the reality of societal life just as much as he, as a philosopher and a natural scientist, wanted to grasp the reality of nature.... [J]uristic thought in those days had not yet become so overpowered by the natural sciences that he, in the intensity of his (...)
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  6. Patrick Crogan (1999). Theory of State Deleuze, Guattari and Virilio on the State, Technology and Speed. Angelaki 4 (2):137 – 148.score: 120.0
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  7. Robert Kurfirst (1991). Beyond Malthusianism: Demography and Technology in John Stuart Mill's Stationary State. Utilitas 3 (01):53-.score: 120.0
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  8. Patrick McDonald (2003). Cal Review. Koffi Maglo is a Visiting Assistant Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He Holds a BA From the University of Benin in Togo and a Ph. D. From the University of Burgundy in France. He Did Postdoctoral Studies at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. [REVIEW] Perspectives on Science 11 (2).score: 120.0
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  9. L. Levy (1997). Philosophical Ethics Meets Technology: A Difficult State of Affairs. Global Bioethics 10 (1-4):35-54.score: 120.0
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  10. J. Andermann (2010). State Formation, Visual Technology and Spectatorship: Visions of Modernity in Brazil and Argentina. Theory, Culture and Society 27 (7-8):161-183.score: 120.0
  11. Sari Autio-Sarasmo (2013). Per Lundin, Niklas Stenlås and Johan Gribbe (Eds.), Science for Welfare and Warfare: Technology and State Initiative in Cold War Sweden. [REVIEW] Minerva 51 (1):123-126.score: 120.0
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  12. Roger L. Geiger & Creso Sá (2005). Beyond Technology Transfer: US State Policies to Harness University Research for Economic Development. Minerva 43 (1):1-21.score: 120.0
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  13. Sandro Matosevic (2012). Synthesizing Artificial Cells From Giant Unilamellar Vesicles: State‐of‐the Art in the Development of Microfluidic Technology. Bioessays 34 (11):992-1001.score: 120.0
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  14. Janice Matsumura (2008). The 'All-Knowing' Japanese State? New Scholarship on Medicine, Science, Technology, and Industrial Relations. Minerva 46 (1):77-86.score: 120.0
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  15. D. Perlman (1980). Microbial Technology Microbial Technology: Current State, Future Prospects A. T. Bull D. C. Ellwood C. Ratledge. BioScience 30 (1):46-46.score: 120.0
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  16. U. Ugwu (2006). Institutional Framework for Grassroot Development of Science and Technology in Nigeria: A Case Study of Ebonyi State. Sophia: An African Journal of Philosophy 8 (1).score: 120.0
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  17. Alessandro Bonanno (1989). On the Penetration of Capitalism in Agriculture: A Short Critique of Gary Green's “State, Class, and Technology in Tobacco Production”. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 6 (4):81-82.score: 120.0
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  18. Richard M. Burian (2001). Department of Philosophy and Center for Science and Technology Studies Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Blacksburg, Virginia 24061-0126. [REVIEW] Perspectives on Science 9 (4).score: 120.0
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  19. Roger L. Geiger & Creso Sa (2005). Beyond Technology Transfer: New State Policies for Economic Development for US Universities. Minerva 42 (1).score: 120.0
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  20. D. Kumar & P. Fritzer (1998). Science-Technology-Society Education Implementation in the State of Florida. Journal of Social Studies Research 22:14-18.score: 120.0
     
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  21. Walter Prevenier (2003). Richard W. Unger, A History of Brewing in Holland, 900–1900: Economy, Technology and the State. Leiden, Boston, and Cologne: Brill, 2001. Pp. Xxii, 428; 40 Black-and-White Illustrations, Black-and-White Figures, Tables, and 1 Map. $154. [REVIEW] Speculum 78 (4):1416-1417.score: 120.0
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  22. E. Thomas (1968). On the Present State of the Problems of Units and Terminology in Vacuum Science and Technology. In Peter Koestenbaum (ed.), Proceedings. [San Jose? Calif.. 1--43.score: 120.0
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  23. Martin Bridgstock (ed.) (1998). Science, Technology, and Society: An Introduction. Cambridge University Press.score: 84.0
    This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the human, social and economic aspects of science and technology. It examines a broad range of issues from a variety of perspectives, using examples and experiences from Australia and around the world. The authors present complex issues in an accessible and engaging form. Topics include the responsibilities of scientists, ethical dilemmas and controversies, the Industrial Revolution, economic issues, public policy, and science and technology in developing countries. The book ends with a (...)
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  24. Simon D. Angus & Andrew Newnham (2013). The Bit‐Economy: An Artificial Model of Open‐Ended Technology Discovery. Complexity 18 (5):57-67.score: 78.0
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  25. Haruo Nagamine (1989). Science and Technology in Human Resources Development: Experience in the Escap Region. Economic Research Center, Faculty of Economics, Nagoya University.score: 78.0
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  26. Abdur Rahman (1988). Philosophy of Science and its Application to the Science and Technology Development in India. Unesco Regional Office.score: 78.0
     
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  27. Andrew Webster (1991). Science, Technology, and Society: New Directions. Macmillan.score: 78.0
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  28. S. O. Wey (1984). The World at Adult Stage: Religion, Geopolitics, and Technology in the Twenty-First Century. Evans Brothers.score: 78.0
     
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  29. John Basl (2010). State Neutrality and the Ethics of Human Enhancement Technologies. AJOB 1 (2):41-48.score: 74.0
    Robust technological enhancement of core cognitive capacities is now a realistic possibility. From the perspective of neutralism, the view that justifications for public policy should be neutral between reasonable conceptions of the good, only members of a subset of the ethical concerns serve as legitimate justifications for public policy regarding robust technological enhancement. This paper provides a framework for the legitimate use of ethical concerns in justifying public policy decisions regarding these enhancement technologies by evaluating the ethical concerns that arise (...)
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  30. Kurt Seemann (2003). Basic Principles in Holistic Technology Education. Journal of Technology Education 14 (2):15.score: 72.0
    A school that adopts a curriculum, that aims for a holistic understanding of technology, does so because it produces a better educated person than a curriculum which does not. How do we know when we are teaching technology holistically and why must we do so? Increasingly, more is asked of technology educators to be holistic in the understanding conveyed to learners of technology itself in order to make better informed technical and design decisions in a wider (...)
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  31. René von Schomberg (ed.) (1993). Science, Politics, and Morality: Scientific Uncertainty and Decision Making. Kluwer Academic Publishers.score: 72.0
    Current environmental problems and technological risks are a challenge for a new institutional arrangement of the value spheres of Science, Politics and Morality. Distinguished authors from different European countries and America provide a cross-disciplinary perspective on the problems of political decision making under the conditions of scientific uncertainty. cases from biotechnology and the environmental sciences are discussed. The papers collected for this volume address the following themes: (i) controversies about risks and political decision making; (ii) concepts of science for policy; (...)
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  32. Kazumi Kondoh & Raymond A. Jussaume Jr (2006). Contextualizing Farmers' Attitudes Towards Genetically Modified Crops. Agriculture and Human Values 23 (3):341-352.score: 72.0
    Analyses of the role of technological development in agriculture are central to an understanding of social change in agri-food systems. The objective of this paper is to contribute to the formation of a broader perspective of how farmers are positioning themselves with respect to controversial agricultural technologies through an empirical analysis of Washington State farmers’ willingness or unwillingness to try Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) technology on their farms. The use of this type of biotechnology in farming has been (...)
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  33. Benjamin M. Cole & Preeta M. Banerjee (2013). Morally Contentious Technology-Field Intersections: The Case of Biotechnology in the United States. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 115 (3):555-574.score: 68.0
    Technologies can be not only contentious—overthrowing existing ways of doing things—but also morally contentious—forcing deep reflection on personal values and societal norms. This article investigates that what may impede the acceptance of a technology and/or the development of the field that supports or exploits it, the lines between which often become blurred in the face of morally contentious content. Using a unique dataset with historically important timing—the United States Biotechnology Study fielded just 9 months after the public announcement of (...)
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  34. Harold Salzman (1991). Engineering Perspectives and Technology Design in the United States. AI and Society 5 (4):339-356.score: 68.0
    Technology design has social as well as technical determinants. These social factors, such as the political context and social philosophy, vary historically and cross-nationally. The work upon which this paper is based addresses the nature of process technology design in the United States and focuses on the underlying assumptions that guide technology design, based on both historical analysis and survey and case studies of current design practices. Central to this work is an analysis of how the US (...)
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  35. Jay Liebowitz & Francisco J. Cantu-Ortiz (1992). Expert System Technology Transfer Strategies: Selected Cases From the United States and Mexico. [REVIEW] AI and Society 6 (4):324-336.score: 68.0
    Expert systems are being developed in a multitude of domains worldwide. The usage of expert systems within organizations is growing; however, many expert systems projects still fail due to poor ‘institutionalization’ practices. This paper addresses various strategies for providing the transfer of expert systems technology within organizations. Specifically, this paper will address expert system technology transfer strategies using examples from United States and Mexican organizations.
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  36. Marc J. de Vries (2005). Teaching About Technology: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Technology for Non-Philosophers. Springer.score: 66.0
    Teaching about technology, at all levels of education, can only be done properly when those who teach have a clear idea about what it is that they teach. In other words: they should be able to give a decent answer to the question: what is technology? In the philosophy of technology that question is explored. Therefore the philosophy of technology is a discipline with a high relevance for those who teach about technology. Literature in this (...)
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  37. Claus Zittel (ed.) (2008). Philosophies of Technology: Francis Bacon and His Contemporaries. Brill.score: 66.0
    ... AND PROFITABLE INVENTIONS AND DISCOVERIES; THE BEST STATE OF THAT PROVINCE”: TECHNOLOGY AND CULTURE DURING FRANCIS BACON'S STAY IN FRANCE* Luisa ...
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  38. Diana Stuart & Michelle Woroosz (2013). Erratum To: The Myth of Efficiency: Technology and Ethics in Industrial Food Production. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (1):257-257.score: 66.0
    Abstract In this paper, we explore how the application of technological tools has reshaped food production systems in ways that foster large-scale outbreaks of foodborne illness. Outbreaks of foodborne illness have received increasing attention in recent years, resulting in a growing awareness of the negative impacts associated with industrial food production. These trends indicate a need to examine systemic causes of outbreaks and how they are being addressed. In this paper, we analyze outbreaks linked to ground beef and salad greens. (...)
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  39. David H. Guston (2011). Participating Despite Questions: Toward a More Confident Participatory Technology Assessment. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (4):691-697.score: 66.0
    While the important challenges of public deliberations on emerging technologies are crucial to keep in mind, this paper argues that scholars and practitioners have reason to be more confident in their performance of participatory technology assessments (pTA). Drawing on evidence from the 2008 National Citizens’ Technology Forum (NCTF) conducted by the Center for Nanotechnology in Society at Arizona State University, this paper describes how pTA offers a combination of intensive and extensive qualities that are unique among modes (...)
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  40. Wendy Martin (1999). The Social and Cultural Shaping of Educational Technology: Toward a Social Constructivist Framework. [REVIEW] AI and Society 13 (4):402-420.score: 66.0
    The Social Construction of Technology (SCOT) theory offers a useful conceptual framework for examining the social and cultural factors that may contribute to or detract from the successful integration of computer technology into educational environments. This theory, which grew out of studies in the history of technology and the sociology of science, suggests methods for studying the phenomenon of technological development, such as identifying the relevant social groups involved in the development process and the factors that either (...)
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  41. Andrei Andrianov, Victor Kanke, Ilya Kuptsov & Viktor Murogov (forthcoming). Reexamining the Ethics of Nuclear Technology. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.score: 66.0
    This article analyzes the present status, development trends, and problems in the ethics of nuclear technology in light of a possible revision of its conceptual foundations. First, to better recognize the current state of nuclear technology ethics and related problems, this article focuses on presenting a picture of the evolution of the concepts and recent achievements related to technoethics, based on the ethics of responsibility. The term ‘ethics of nuclear technology’ describes a multidisciplinary endeavor to examine (...)
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  42. Stephen E. Gareau (2004). The Development of Guidelines for Implementing Information Technology to Promote Food Security. Agriculture and Human Values 21 (4):273-285.score: 66.0
    Food insecurity, and its extreme form, hunger, occur whenever the accessibility to an adequate supply of nutritional and safe foods becomes restricted or unpredictable. They are recurring problems in certain regions of the US, as well as in many parts of the world. According to nation-wide surveys conducted by the US Bureau of the Census, between 1996 and 1998 an estimated 9.7% of US households were classified as food insecure (6.2% being food insecure without evidence of hunger, and 3.5% being (...)
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  43. Niels G. Röling & Paul G. H. Engel (1990). Information Technology From a Knowledge System Perspective: Concepts and Issues. [REVIEW] Knowledge, Technology and Policy 3 (3):6-18.score: 60.0
    Studying knowledge utilization and related processes calls for a conceptual framework. We look at the actors that engage in these processes in a specific field of human activity, and the interfaces and linkages between them, as a Knowledge and Information System (KIS). Although this KIS perspective originates from agriculture it also can be applied to other knowledge domains. Evidence gathered shows that for a KIS to be effective the actors (e.g., researchers, extensionalists, and clients) must act synergically. This inspired us (...)
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  44. Lynne Baker (2011). Christian Materialism in a Scientific Age. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 70 (1):47-59.score: 54.0
    Many Christians who argue against Christian materialism direct their arguments against what I call ‘Type-I materialism’, the thesis that I cannot exist without my organic body. I distinguish Type-I materialism from Type-II materialism, which entails only that I cannot exist without some body that supports certain mental functions. I set out a version of Type-II materialism, and argue for its superiority to Type-I materialism in an age of science. Moreover, I show that Type-II materialism can accommodate Christian doctrines like the (...)
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  45. Richard A. Epstein (2005). One Step Beyond Nozick's Minimal State: The Role of Forced Exchanges in Political Theory. Social Philosophy and Policy 22 (1):286-313.score: 54.0
    In Anarchy, State, and Utopia, Robert Nozick seeks to demonstrate that principles of justice in acquisition and transfer can be applied to justify the minimal state, and no state greater than the minimal state. That approach fails to acknowledge the critical role that forced exchanges play in overcoming a range of public goods and coordination problems. These ends are accomplished by taking property for which the owner is compensated in cash or in kind in an amount (...)
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  46. David M. Levy (2007). No Time to Think: Reflections on Information Technology and Contemplative Scholarship. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 9 (4):237-249.score: 54.0
    This paper argues that the accelerating pace of life is reducing the time for thoughtful reflection, and in particular for contemplative scholarship, within the academy. It notes that the loss of time to think is occurring at exactly the moment when scholars, educators, and students have gained access to digital tools of great value to scholarship. It goes on to explore how and why both of these facts might be true, what it says about the nature of scholarship, and what (...)
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  47. Gastone G. Celesia (1997). Persistent Vegetative State: Clinical and Ethical Issues. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 18 (3).score: 54.0
    Coma, vegetative state, lock-in syndrome and akinetic mutism are defined. Vegetative state is a state with no evidence of awareness of self or environment and showing cycles of sleep and wakefulness. PVS is an operational definition including time as a variable. PVS is a vegetative state that has endured or continued for at least one month. PVS can be diagnosed with a reasonable amount of medical certainty; however, the diagnosis of PVS must be kept separate from (...)
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  48. Hans Morten Haugen (2013). Human Rights in Natural Science and Technology Professions' Codes of Ethics? Business and Professional Ethics Journal 32 (1-2):49-76.score: 54.0
    No global professional codes for the natural science and technology professions exist. In light of how the application of new technology can affect individuals and communities, this discrepancy warrants greater scrutiny. This article analyzes the most relevant processes and seeks to explain why these processes have not resulted in global codes. Moreover, based on a human rights approach, the article gives recommendations on the future process and content of codes for science and technology professions. The relevance of (...)
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  49. J. I. Bakker (1990). The Gandhian Approach to Swadeshi or Appropriate Technology: A Conceptualization in Terms of Basic Needs and Equity. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 3 (1).score: 54.0
    This is an examination of the significance of Gandhi's social philosophy for development. It is argued that, when seen in light of Gandhi's social philosophy, the concepts of appropriate technology (A.T.) and basic needs take on new meaning. The Gandhian approach can be identified with theoriginal "basic needs" strategy for international development (Emmerij, 1981). Gandhi's approach helps to provide greater equity, or "distributive justice," by promoting technology that is appropriate to "basic needs" (food, clothing, shelter, health and (...)
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  50. Pak-Hang Wong (2013). Technology, Recommendation and Design: On Being a 'Paternalistic' Philosopher. Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):27-42.score: 54.0
    Philosophers have talked to each other about moral issues concerning technology, but few of them have talked about issues of technology and the good life, and even fewer have talked about technology and the good life with the public in the form of recommendation. In effect, recommendations for various technologies are often left to technologists and gurus. Given the potential benefits of informing the public on their impacts on the good life, however, this is a curious (...) of affairs. In the present paper, I will examine why philosophers are seemingly reluctant to offer recommendations to the public. While there are many reasons for philosophers to refrain from offering recommendations, I shall focus on a specific normative reason. More specifically, it appears that, according to a particular definition, offering recommendations can be viewed as paternalistic, and therefore is prima facie wrong to do so. I will provide an argument to show that the worry about paternalism is unfounded, because a form of paternalism engendered by technology is inevitable. Given the inevitability of paternalism, I note that philosophers should accept the duty to offer recommendations to the public. I will then briefly turn to design ethics, which has reconceptualised the role of philosophers and, in my mind, fitted well with the inevitability of paternalism. Finally, I shall argue that design ethics has to be supplemented by the practice of recommendation if it is to sustain its objective. (shrink)
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