Search results for 'Technology, Medical' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Anna Lydia Svalastog, Petter Gustafsson & Stefan Jansson (2006). Comparative Analysis of the Risk-Handling Procedures for Gene Technology Applications in Medical and Plant Science. Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (3):465-479.score: 66.0
    In this paper we analyse how the risks associated with research on transgenic plants are regulated in Sweden. The paper outlines the way in which pilot projects in the plant sciences are overseen in Sweden, and discusses the international and national background to the current regulatory system. The historical, and hitherto unexplored, reasons for the evolution of current administrative and legislative procedures in plant science are of particular interest. Specifically, we discuss similarities and differences in the regulation of medicine and (...)
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  2. E. M. M. Adang, A. Ament & C. D. Dirksen (1996). Medical Technology Assessment and the Role of Economic Evaluation in Health Care. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 2 (4):287-294.score: 60.0
  3. Aurélie Boudard, Nicolas Martelli, Patrice Prognon & Judith Pineau (2013). Clinical Studies of Innovative Medical Devices: What Level of Evidence for Hospital‐Based Health Technology Assessment? Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (4):697-702.score: 60.0
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  4. Felix Adrian Kantrowitz (ed.) (1968). Who Shall Live and Who Shall Die?: The Ethical Implications of the New Medical Technology. Union of American Hebrew Congregations.score: 60.0
     
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  5. Margot C. J. Mabie (1993). Bioethics & the New Medical Technology. Maxwell Macmillan International.score: 60.0
     
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  6. William E. Stempsey (2006). Emerging Medical Technologies and Emerging Conceptions of Health. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (3):227-243.score: 54.0
    Using ideas gleaned from the philosophy of technology of Martin Heidegger and Hans Jonas and the philosophy of health of Georges Canguilhem, I argue that one of the characteristics of emerging medical technologies is that these technologies lead to new conceptions of health. When technologies enable the body to respond to more and more challenges of disease, we thus establish new norms of health. Given the continued development of successful technologies, we come to expect more and more that our (...)
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  7. Sonja Olin-Lauritzen & Lars-Christer Hydén (eds.) (2007). Medical Technologies and the Life World: The Social Construction of Normality. Routledge.score: 54.0
    Although the use of new health technologies in healthcare and medicine is generally seen as beneficial, there has been little analysis of the impact of such technologies on people's lives and understandings of health and illness. This book explores how new technologies not only provide hope for cure and well-being, but also introduce new ethical dilemmas and raise questions about the "natural" body. Focusing on the ways new health technologies intervene into our lives and affect our ideas about normalcy, the (...)
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  8. Hajime Sato, Akira Akabayashi & Ichiro Kai (2006). Public, Experts, and Acceptance of Advanced Medical Technologies: The Case of Organ Transplant and Gene Therapy in Japan. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 14 (4):203-214.score: 54.0
    In 1997, after long social debates, the Japanese government enacted a law on organ transplantation from brain-dead bodies. Since 1993, on gene therapy, administrative agencies have issued a series of guidelines. This study seeks to elucidate when people became aware of the issues and when they formed their opinions on organ transplant and gene therapy. At the same time, it aims to examine at which point in time experts, those in university ethical committees and in academic societies, consider these technologies (...)
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  9. Rein Vos & Dick L. Willems (2000). Technology in Medicine: Ontology, Epistemology, Ethics and Social Philosophy at the Crossroads. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 21 (1):1-7.score: 51.0
    In reference to the different approaches in philosophy(of medicine) of the nature of (medical) technology,this article introduces the topic of this specialissue of Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics, that is,the way the different forms of medical technologyfunction in everyday medical practice. The authorselaborate on the active role technology plays inshaping our views on disease, illness, and the body,whence in shaping our world.
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  10. A. E. James, S. Perry, S. E. Warner, J. E. Chapman & R. M. Zaner (1991). The Diffusion of Medical Technology: Free Enterprise and Regulatory Models in the USA. Journal of Medical Ethics 17 (3):150-155.score: 51.0
    The diffusion of technology in the US has taken place in an environment of both regulation and free enterprise. Each has been subject to manipulation by doctors and medical administrators that has fostered unprecedented ethical dilemmas and legal challenges. Understanding these developments and historical precedents may allow a more rational diffusion policy for medical technology in the future.
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  11. Soma Hewa (1994). Medical Technology: A Pandora's Box? [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities 15 (3):171-181.score: 51.0
    This paper examines the development of medical technology in terms of Max Weber's theory of rationalization. It argues that medical technology is a part of the general process of social, political and economic changes in modern Western societies. Medical technology today keeps many people alive who, in the past, would have died from their illness. In recent years, burgeoning technological achievements in medicine have been regarded as a threat to the individual's freedom to die. Many people believe (...)
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  12. M. Wayne Cooper (1996). The Gastroenterologist and His Endoscope: The Embodiment of Technology and the Necessity for a Medical Ethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 17 (4).score: 48.0
    The purpose of this essay is to argue for the necessity of an ethics of the practice of the specialist-technologist in medicine. In the first part I sketch three stages of medical ethics, each with a particular viewpoint regarding the technology of medicine. I focus on Brody's consideration of the physician's power as a example of contemporary medical ethics which explicitly excludes the specialist-technologist as a locus of development of medical ethics. Next, the philosophy of Heidegger is (...)
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  13. Gert J. Van Der Wilt (1995). Empirical and Normative Aspects of Medical Technology Assessment. The Case of Reduced-Size Liver Transplantations with Living Donors. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 16 (3).score: 48.0
    Medical technology assessment deals with the evaluation of novel or existing health care procedures. This paper addresses the interdependence between factual and normative issues, using the controversies about acceptability and desirability of reduced-size liver transplantations with living donors as example.
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  14. Kenneth F. Schaffner (2000). Medical Informatics and the Concept of Disease. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 21 (1):85-100.score: 45.0
    This paper attempts to address the general questionwhether information technologies, as applied in thearea of medicine and health care, have or are likelyto change fundamental concepts regarding disease andhealth. After a short excursion into the domain ofmedical informatics I provide a brief overview of someof the current theories of what a disease is from amore philosophical perspective, i.e. the ``valuefree'' and ``value laden'' view of disease. Next, Iconsider at some length, whether health careinformatics is currently modifying fundamentalconcepts of disease. To (...)
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  15. Drew Carter & Annette Braunack-Mayer (2011). The Appeal to Nature Implicit in Certain Restrictions on Public Funding for Assisted Reproductive Technology. Bioethics 25 (8):463-471.score: 45.0
    Certain restrictions on public funding for assisted reproductive technology (ART) are articulated and defended by recourse to a distinction between medical infertility and social infertility. We propose that underlying the prioritization of medical infertility is a vision of medicine whose proper role is to restore but not to improve upon nature. We go on to mark moral responses that speak of investments many continue to make in nature as properly an object of reverence and gratitude and therein (sometimes) (...)
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  16. Eric L. Krakauer (1998). Prescriptions: Autonomy, Humanism and the Purpose of Health Technology. [REVIEW] Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (6):525-545.score: 45.0
    My purpose is to examine two of the foundations of medical ethics: the principle of autonomy and the concept of the human. I also investigate the extent to which health technology makes autonomy and humanness possible. I begin by underlining Illich's point that the same health technology designed to promote health and autonomy also is pathogenic. I proceed to analyse the Kantian concept of autonomy, a concept which is closely associated with health and which continues to determine current ethical (...)
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  17. Klasien Horstman (2000). Technology and the Management of Trust in Insurance Medicine. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 21 (1):39-61.score: 45.0
    This article deals with the question how technologycontributed to the performing of objective assessmentsof health risks and to the public trust in theinsurance institution. Many authors have pointed tothe relevance of medical or statistical technologywith regard to the constitution of objectivity,because these technologies should be capable ofdiminishing the influence of social interactions – the``human element'' – on the process of producingknowledge about health risks. However, in this articleit is shown that the constitution of objective riskassessments and public trust cannot (...)
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  18. William H. Krieger (2013). Medical Apps: Public and Academic Perspectives. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 56 (2):259-273.score: 45.0
    Relatively new and now ubiquitous, smartphones and tablet computers are changing our lives by asking us to rethink the ways that we conduct business, form and maintain relationships, and read books and magazines. In the same capacity, mobile devices are redefining how health care is administered, monitored, and delivered through specialized technologies called medical apps (applications). In general, apps are pieces of software that can be installed and run on a variety of hardware platforms, including smartphones, tablets, laptops, and (...)
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  19. Gloria Lankshear & David Mason (2001). Technology and Ethical Dilemmas in a Medical Setting: Privacy, Professional Autonomy, Life and Death. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 3 (3):223-233.score: 45.0
    A growing literature addresses the ethicalimplications of electronic surveillance atwork, frequently assigning ethical priority tovalues such as the right to privacy. Thispaper suggests that, in practice, the issuesare sociologically more complex than someaccounts suggest. This is because manyworkplace electronic technologies not designedor deployed for surveillance purposesnevertheless embody surveillance capacity. Thiscapacity may not be immediately obvious toparticipants or lend itself to simpledeployment. Moreover, because of their primaryfunctions, such systems embody a range of otherfeatures which are potentially beneficial forthose utilising them. As (...)
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  20. P. Lehoux, M. Hivon, B. Williams-Jones, F. A. Miller & D. R. Urbach (2012). How Do Medical Device Manufacturers' Websites Frame the Value of Health Innovation? An Empirical Ethics Analysis of Five Canadian Innovations. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (1):61-77.score: 45.0
    While every health care system stakeholder would seem to be concerned with obtaining the greatest value from a given technology, there is often a disconnect in the perception of value between a technology’s promoters and those responsible for the ultimate decision as to whether or not to pay for it. Adopting an empirical ethics approach, this paper examines how five Canadian medical device manufacturers, via their websites, frame the corporate “value proposition” of their innovation and seek to respond to (...)
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  21. Iain Brassington (2007). On Heidegger, Medicine, and the Modernity of Modern Medical Technology. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (2):185-195.score: 45.0
    This paper examines medicine’s use of technology in a manner from a standpoint inspired by Heidegger’s thinking on technology. In the first part of the paper, I shall suggest an interpretation of Heidegger’s thinking on the topic, and attempt to show why he associates modern technology with danger. However, I shall also claim that there is little evidence that medicine’s appropriation of modern technology is dangerous in Heidegger’s sense, although there is no prima facie reason why it mightn’t be. The (...)
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  22. B. E. Gibson, R. E. G. Upshur, N. L. Young & P. McKeever (2007). Disability, Technology, and Place: Social and Ethical Implications of Long-Term Dependency on Medical Devices. Ethics, Place and Environment 10 (1):7 – 28.score: 42.0
    Medical technologies and assistive devices such as ventilators and power wheelchairs are designed to sustain life and/or improve functionality but they can also contribute to stigmatization and social exclusion. In this paper, drawing from a study of ten men with Duchenne muscular dystrophy, we explore the complex social processes that mediate the lives of persons who are dependent on multiple medical and assistive technologies. In doing so we consider the embodied and emplaced nature of (...)
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  23. Leif Holmberg (2013). Problem Perception, Technology and Effectiveness in Medical Practice. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (5):868-874.score: 42.0
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  24. D. Hunter & S. Oultram (2008). The Challenge of "Sperm Ships": The Need for the Global Regulation of Medical Technology. Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (7):552-556.score: 40.0
    This paper discusses the notion of using international shipping legislation to provide healthcare technologies to inhabitants of a country on a ship in international waters based just outside the country’s border. This allows technologies that would otherwise be unavailable, regulated or banned to the citizens of a particular nation to be available, just offshore. This is because in international waters ships are governed by the laws of their home nation not those they are nearby. We focus on the example suggested (...)
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  25. M. J. McNamee (2006). Transhumanism, Medical Technology and Slippery Slopes. Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (9):513-518.score: 39.0
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  26. D. Elsner (2006). Just Another Reproductive Technology? The Ethics of Human Reproductive Cloning as an Experimental Medical Procedure. Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (10):596-600.score: 39.0
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  27. Kathleen Welch (2002). Book Review: Life, Death and Love in the Hum of Medical Technology: The Resurrection Machine, by Steve Gehrke. Kansas City, MO: University of Missouri-Kansas City Bookmark Press, 2000. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities 23 (3/4):272-274.score: 39.0
  28. Joanna Latimer, Katie Featherstone, Paul Atkinson, Angus Clarke, Daniela T. Pilz & Alison Shaw, Rebirthing the Clinic : The Interaction of Clinical Judgement and Genetic Technology in the Production of Medical Science.score: 39.0
    The article reconsiders the nature and location of science in the development of genetic classification. Drawing on field studies of medical genetics, we explore how patient categorization is accomplished in between the clinic and laboratory. We focus on dysmorphology, a specialism concerned with complex syndromes that impair physical development. We show that dys-morphology is about more than fitting patients into prefixed diagnostic categories and that diagnostic process is marked by moments of uncertainty, ambiguity, and deferral. We describe how different (...)
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  29. Tom L. Beauchamp (1987). Medical Ethics in the Age of Technology. In Hans Mark & W. Lawson Taitte (eds.), Traditional Moral Values in the Age of Technology. Distributed by the University of Texas Press.score: 39.0
  30. Lyle C. Gurrin, Jennifer J. Kurinczuk & Paul R. Burton (2000). Bayesian Statistics in Medical Research: An Intuitive Alternative to Conventional Data Analysis. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 6 (2):193-204.score: 39.0
  31. Vahé A. Kazandjian & Allison Lipitz‐Snyderman (2011). HIT or Miss: The Application of Health Care Information Technology to Managing Uncertainty in Clinical Decision Making. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (6):1108-1113.score: 39.0
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  32. Sigmund Loland (2005). 13 The Vulnerability Thesis and Use of Bio-Medical Technology in Sport. In Claudio Marcello Tamburrini & Torbjörn Tännsjö (eds.), Genetic Technology and Sport: Ethical Questions. Routledge. 158.score: 39.0
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  33. P. Koteswara Rao (1992). Technology on The. Medical. In S. R. Venkatramaiah & K. Sreenivasa Rao (eds.), Science, Technology, and Social Development. Discovery Pub. House. 93.score: 39.0
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  34. Jane Stein (1978). Making Medical Choices: Who is Responsible? Houghton Mifflin.score: 39.0
     
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  35. Wouter Van Rossum (1991). Decision-Making and Medical Technology Assessment: Three Dutch Cases. Knowledge, Technology and Policy 4 (1):107-124.score: 39.0
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  36. Fredrik Svenaeus (2010). What is an Organ? Heidegger and the Phenomenology of Organ Transplantation. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (3):179-196.score: 36.0
    This paper investigates the question of what an organ is from a phenomenological perspective. Proceeding from the phenomenology of being-in-the-world developed by Heidegger in Being and Time and subsequent works, it compares the being of the organ with the being of the tool. It attempts to display similarities and differences between the embodied nature of the organs and the way tools of the world are handled. It explicates the way tools belong to the totalities of things of the world that (...)
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  37. M. A. Crook (2013). The Risks of Absolute Medical Confidentiality. Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):107-122.score: 36.0
    Some ethicists argue that patient confidentiality is absolute and thus should never be broken. I examine these arguments that when critically scrutinised, become porous. I will explore the concept of patient confidentiality and argue that although, this is a very important medical and bioethical issue, this needs to be wisely delivered to reduce third party harm or even detriment to the patient. The argument for absolute confidentiality is particularly weak when it comes to genetic information and inherited disease.
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  38. Caragh Brosnan (2011). The Significance of Scientific Capital in UK Medical Education. Minerva 49 (3):317-332.score: 36.0
    For decades, debates over medical curriculum reform have centred on the role of science in medical education, but the meaning of ‘science’ in this domain is vague and the persistence of the debate has not been explained. Following Bourdieu, this paper examines struggles over legitimate knowledge and the forms of capital associated with science in contemporary UK medical education. Data are presented from a study of two UK medical schools, one with a traditional, science-oriented curriculum, another (...)
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  39. Ian R. McWhinney (1978). Medical Knowledge and the Rise of Technology. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 3 (4):293-304.score: 36.0
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  40. Edward T. Porcaro (1979). Experimentation with Children: The "Pawns" of Medical Technology. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 7 (2):6-9.score: 36.0
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  41. Mark A. Rothstein (2011). Currents in Contemporary Bioethics: Physicians' Duty to Inform Patients of New Medical Discoveries: The Effect of Health Information Technology. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (4):690-693.score: 36.0
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  42. Justice M. D. Kirby (1986). Medical Technology and New Frontiers of Family Law. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 14 (3-4):113-119.score: 36.0
  43. Joseph D. Bronzino, Vincent H. Smith, Maurice L. Wade & Russell C. Maulitz (1994). Medical Technology and Society: An Interdisciplinary Perspective. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (3):493.score: 36.0
     
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  44. Eric J. Cassell (1979). Medical History Applied Today Medicine and the Reign of Technology Stanley Reiser. Bioscience 29 (3):181-181.score: 36.0
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  45. Joseph C. D'Oronzio & Albuquerque Board (1994). Bette Anton, MLS, is Associate Librarian in the Health and Medical Sciences Department, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley Catherine A. Berglund, B. Sc.(Psych), Ph. D., is an Associate Fellow in the Science and Technology Studies Department, University of Wollongong, Australia, and has Recently Been Awarded Her Doctorate for a Dissertation on Professional And. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 3:496-497.score: 36.0
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  46. R. S. Downie (1998). Medical Technology and Medical Futility. Ends and Means 2 (2):1-7.score: 36.0
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  47. Angelika Fex, Gullvi Flensner, Anna-Christina Ek & Olle Söderhamn (2011). Living with an Adult Family Member Using Advanced Medical Technology at Home. Nursing Inquiry 18 (4):336-347.score: 36.0
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  48. Theophile Godfraind (1986). [Challenges Posed By Medical Technology for Christians]. Revue Théologique de Louvain 17 (1):5-21.score: 36.0
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  49. Jeanne Guillemin (1994). Experiment and Illusion in Reproductive Medicine. Human Nature 5 (1):1-22.score: 36.0
    The diffusion of medical technology is largely determined by the marketplace demands supported by national and historical contexts. Using the cases of cesarean delivery and newborn intensive care in the United States, this article presents the argument that the interaction of four factors accounts for the rapid diffusion of untested technologies. These factors are economic expansion in an unrestricted market, the vulnerability of the patient population, a social disposition towards emergency medicine, and the vested interest of medical specialists.
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