Search results for 'Ted M. Preston' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Ted M. Preston & Scott Dixon (2007). Who Wants to Live Forever? Immortality, Authenticity, and Living Forever in the Present. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 61 (2):99 - 117.score: 870.0
    Death is a bad thing by virtue of its ability to frustrate the subjectively valuable projects that shape our identities and render our lives meaningful. While the presumption that immortality would necessarily result in boredom worse than death proves unwarranted, if the constraint of mortality is a necessary element for virtues, relationships, and motivation to pursue our life-projects, then death might nevertheless be a necessary evil. Mortal or immortal, it’s clear that the value of one’s life depends on its subjectively (...)
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  2. Ted M. Preston (2003). The Stoic Samurai. Asian Philosophy 13 (1):39 – 52.score: 870.0
    In Philosophy as a Way of Life, Pierre Hadot discusses the understanding of philosophy held by the Greco-Roman ancients. Philosophy was not understood only as an exegetical or analytical exercise, but as a spiritual practice - a way of life. Becoming a member of a philosophical school was tantamount to a religious conversion involving one's entire self. To make one's doctrines 'ready to hand' required a number of 'spiritual exercises' which, if regularly followed, were intended to evince such a transformation. (...)
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  3. M. Bishop & J. Preston (eds.) (2001). Essays on Searle's Chinese Room Argument. Oxford University Press.score: 280.0
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  4. John M. Preston & John Mark Bishop (eds.) (2002). Views Into the Chinese Room: New Essays on Searle and Artificial Intelligence. Oxford University Press.score: 240.0
    The most famous challenge to computational cognitive science and artificial intelligence is the philosopher John Searle's "Chinese Room" argument.
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  5. Jesse Preston, Kurt Gray & Daniel M. Wegner (2006). The Godfather of Soul. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):482-+.score: 240.0
    An important component of souls is the capacity for free will, as the origin of agency within an individual. Belief in souls arises in part from the experience of conscious will, a compelling feeling of personal causation that accompanies almost every action we take, and suggests that an immaterial self is in charge of the physical body.
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  6. John M. Preston (1989). Folk Psychology as Theory or Practice? The Case for Eliminative Materialism. Inquiry 32 (September):277-303.score: 240.0
    One foundation of Eliminative Materialism is the claim that the totality of our ordinary resources for explaining and predicting behaviour, ?Folk Psychology?, constitutes a theoretical scheme, potentially in conflict with other theories of behaviour. Recent attacks upon this claim, as well as the defence by Paul Churchland, are examined and found to be lacking in a suitably realistic conception of theory. By finding such a conception, and by correctly identifying the level of conceptual structures within which Folk Psychology is located, (...)
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  7. Stephanie D. Preston & Frans B. M. de Waal (2001). Empathy: Its Ultimate and Proximate Bases. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):1-20.score: 240.0
    There is disagreement in the literature about the exact nature of the phenomenon of empathy. There are emotional, cognitive, and conditioning views, applying in varying degrees across species. An adequate description of the ultimate and proximate mechanism can integrate these views. Proximately, the perception of an object's state activates the subject's corresponding representations, which in turn activate somatic and autonomic responses. This mechanism supports basic behaviors (e.g., alarm, social facilitation, vicariousness of emotions, mother-infant responsiveness, and the modeling of competitors and (...)
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  8. Stephanie D. Preston & Frans B. M. de Waal (2001). Empathy: Each is in the Right – Hopefully, Not All in the Wrong. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):49-58.score: 240.0
    Only a broad theory that looks across levels of analysis can encompass the many perspectives on the phenomenon of empathy. We address the major points of our commentators by emphasizing that the basic perception-action process, while automatic, is subject to control and modulation, and is greatly affected by experience and context because of the role of representations. The model can explain why empathy seems phenomenologically more effortful than reflexive, and why there are different levels of empathy across (...)
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  9. Ted Preston (2004). Environmental Values, Pluralism, and Stability. Ethics, Place and Environment 7 (1 & 2):73 – 83.score: 240.0
    While an environmental ethic is not explicitly developed in A Theory of Justice, or Political Liberalism, it is possible to extrapolate some principles dealing with non-human nature, and thereby some environmental protections, with what Rawls provides. However, his inability to provide a non-anthropocentric environmental ethic might threaten the stability of a 'well-ordered' society, and this possibility gestures to the potential 'problem' of pluralism in general. Certain environmentalists will be dissatisfied with the status of their environmental values in a Rawlsian society. (...)
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  10. H. J. Glock & John M. Preston (1995). Externalism and First-Person Authority. The Monist 78 (4):515-33.score: 240.0
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  11. Ted Preston (2006). The Private and Public Appeal of Self-Fashioning. Journal of Nietzsche Studies 31 (1):10-19.score: 240.0
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  12. John M. Preston (ed.) (1998). Thought and Language. Cambridge University Press.score: 240.0
    In this volume, several major twentieth-century philosophers of mind and language make further contributions to the debate.
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  13. Jesse Preston & Daniel M. Wegner, Attitudes and Social Cognition.score: 240.0
    The authors found that the feeling of authorship for mental actions such as solving problems is enhanced by effort cues experienced during mental activity; misattribution of effort cues resulted in inadvertent plagiarism. Pairs of participants took turns solving anagrams as they exerted effort on an unrelated task. People inadvertently plagiarized their partners’ answers more often when they experienced high incidental effort while working on the problem and reduced effort as the solution appeared. This result was found for efforts produced when (...)
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  14. W. R. Carlson, R. C. Driver & M. G. Preston (1934). Judgment Times for the Method of Constant Stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology 17 (1):113.score: 240.0
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  15. M. G. Preston (1938). Note on the Reliability and the Validity of the Group Judgment. Journal of Experimental Psychology 22 (5):462.score: 240.0
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  16. Sasha M. Wolosin, Dagmar Zeithamova & Alison R. Preston (2013). Distributed Hippocampal Patterns That Discriminate Reward Context Are Associated with Enhanced Associative Binding. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (4):1264.score: 240.0
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  17. Norman C. Ellstrand, David Biggs, Andrea Kaus, Pesach Lubinsky, Lucinda A. McDade, Kristine Preston, Linda M. Prince, Helen M. Regan, Veronique Rorive & Oliver A. Ryder (2010). Got Hybridization? A Multidisciplinary Approach for Informing Science Policy. Bioscience 60 (5):384-388.score: 240.0
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  18. John M. Preston (1995). Current Periodical Articles 709. The Monist 78 (4).score: 240.0
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  19. John M. Preston (1997). Feyerabend's Final Relativism. The European Legacy 2 (4):615-620.score: 240.0
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  20. D. J. Foskett, John Hayes, John Cumming, M. F. Cleugh, E. B. Castle, A. E. M. Seaborne, K. G. Mukherjee, S. Beaumont, K. W. Keohane, John Lawson, C. P. Hill, Brian Holmes, R. D. Gidney, L. J. Lewis, Maurice Preston & A. C. F. Beales (1968). Short Notices. British Journal of Educational Studies 16 (2):220-232.score: 240.0
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  21. F. W. Irwin & M. G. Preston (1937). Avoidance of Repetition of Judgments Across Sense Modalities. Journal of Experimental Psychology 21 (5):511.score: 240.0
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  22. J. Preston, D. M. Wegner, E. Morsella, J. A. Bargh & P. M. Gollwitzer (2009). Elbow Grease: The Experience of Effort in Action. In Ezequiel Morsella, John A. Bargh & Peter M. Gollwitzer (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Human Action. Oxford University Press.score: 240.0
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  23. Jesse Preston & Daniel M. Wegner (2009). Elbow Grease: When Action Feels Like Work. In Ezequiel Morsella, John A. Bargh & Peter M. Gollwitzer (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Human Action. Oxford University Press. 569--586.score: 240.0
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  24. M. G. Preston, R. G. Brotemarkle & E. G. Campbell (1942). Effect of Change in Motivation Upon Homogeneity of Ergograms. Journal of Experimental Psychology 31 (6):497.score: 240.0
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  25. M. G. Preston & P. M. Zeid (1943). Observations on Sequences of Choices Made at Five Successive Choice Points. Journal of Experimental Psychology 32 (4):275.score: 240.0
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  26. M. G. Preston (1936). The Effect of Interpolated Time Intervals Upon the Contrast Effects. Journal of Experimental Psychology 19 (6):706.score: 240.0
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  27. Phillip M. Kleepsies, Pamela J. Miller & Thomas A. Preston (2008). End-of-Life Choices. In James L. Werth & Dean Blevins (eds.), Decision Making Near the End of Life: Issues, Development, and Future Directions. Brunner-Routledge.score: 240.0
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  28. Elizabeth Leahy, Robert Engelman, Carolyn Gibb Vogel, Sarah Haddock, Tod Preston, M. J. Selgelid, C. Enemark, R. Jackson, N. Howe & R. Strauss (2008). The Shape of Things to Come. Why Age Structure Matters to a Safer More Equitable World. Bioethics 22 (9):457-65.score: 240.0
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  29. M. G. Preston & J. A. Bayton (1941). Differential Effect of a Social Variable Upon Three Levels of Aspiration. Journal of Experimental Psychology 29 (5):351.score: 240.0
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  30. Jesse Preston & Daniel M. Wegner (2005). Ideal Agency: The Perception of Self as an Origin of Action. In Abraham Tesser, Joanne V. Wood & Diederik A. Stapel (eds.), On Building, Defending and Regulating the Self: A Psychological Perspective. Psychology Press. 103--125.score: 240.0
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  31. Jesse Preston & Daniel M. Wegner (2009). Phenomenal and Metacognitive. Elbow Grease: When Action Feels Like Work. In Ezequiel Morsella, John A. Bargh & Peter M. Gollwitzer (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Human Action. Oxford University Press.score: 240.0
     
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  32. S. D. Preston & B. M. de Waal (2002). The Self-Organizing Consciousness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):515-526.score: 240.0
     
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  33. J. G. Robinson, E. W. Fernandez, E. L. Kobilarcik, S. H. Preston, I. Elo, L. Gale, I. T. Elo, I. Rosenwaike, M. Hill & S. Becker (1994). Evaluation of Coverage of the Puerto Rican Census Based on Application of Demographic Analysis. Journal of Biosocial Science 26 (3):291-9.score: 240.0
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  34. Roger S. Wotton & Terence M. Preston (2005). Surface Films: Areas of Water Bodies That Are Often Overlooked. Bioscience 55 (2):137.score: 240.0
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  35. M. S. Northcott (2004). The Market, the Multitude and Metaphysics: Ronald Preston's Middle Way and the Theological Critique of Economic Reason. Studies in Christian Ethics 17 (2):104-117.score: 42.0
    The European post-Marxist work Empire by Hardt and Negri points to the theological/metaphysical underpinnings of modernity and global capitalism in the medieval shift from Trinitarian orthodoxy to nominalism. Though Hardt and Negri reject religious or transcendental approaches to the social, their work shows remarkable resemblances with the ontological critique of modernity and economism mounted by John Milbank and Stephen Long among others. By contrast the considerable oeuvre of Ronald Preston on capitalism lacks a deep ontological critique. The return of (...)
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  36. M. Brown (2004). 'You Take Alasdair Macintyre Much Too Seriously' (Ronald Preston) -- But Do Preston or Macintyre Take the Global Economy Seriously Enough? Studies in Christian Ethics 17 (2):173-181.score: 42.0
    Ronald Preston found Alasdair MacIntyre's analysis of plurality and incommensurability unconvincing, holding that, ultimately, a common rationality enabled disparate perspectives to achieve shared positions. This commitment made Preston sceptical of theologies which drew on MacIntyre to deny the possibility of meaningful dialogue with economics but he ignored the argument that shared liberal roots might constrain his own critique of market institutions. Preston's theological conversation with economics assumes a state-based capitalism, political dominance over economics and a thin plurality. (...)
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  37. M. D. Chapman (2004). Ronald Preston, William Temple, and the Future of Christian Politics. Studies in Christian Ethics 17 (2):162-172.score: 42.0
    This article discusses Ronald Preston's understanding of William Temple and the relationships between the two thinkers. It shows how both develop a theology of Christian realism which places great emphasis on the autonomy of the social sciences and the importance of economic expertise. Questions are raised about the appropriateness of this method, as well as their understanding of the state as an order of creation: these can easily lead to the reduction of the sphere of political morality and its (...)
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  38. M. Schluter (1993). Book Review : Religion and Ambiguities of Capitalism by Ronald H. Preston, London, SCM 1991. 181 Pp. 12.50. [REVIEW] Studies in Christian Ethics 6 (2):101-102.score: 36.0
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  39. M. L. Commons & C. Wolfsont (2002). Empathy: Its Ultimate and Proximate Bases Does Not Consider Developmental Changes. Commentary on Preston and de Waal. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1).score: 36.0
     
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  40. T. M. Jones (2002). Redefining the Corporation-Stakeholder Management and Organizational Wealth by James E. Post, Lee E. Preston, and Sybille Sachs. [REVIEW] Business and Society 41 (4):469-474.score: 36.0
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  41. M. Ruse (2002). John Preston, Gonzalo Munevar and David Lamb (Eds), The Worst Enemy of Science? Essays in Memory of Paul Feyerabend. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 23 (2):290-290.score: 36.0
     
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  42. Lewis R. Gordon (ed.) (1997). Existence in Black: An Anthology of Black Existential Philosophy. Routledge.score: 24.0
    Existence in Black is the first collective statement on the subject of Africana Philosophy of Existence. Drawing upon resources in Africana philosophy and literature, the contributors explore some of the central themes of Existentialism as posed by the context of what Frantz Fanon has identified as "the lived-experience of the black." Among questions posed and explored in the volume are: What is to be done in a world of near universal sense of superiority to, if not universal hatred of, black (...)
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  43. Peter W. Schuhmann, Robert T. Burrus, Preston D. Barber, J. Edward Graham & M. Fara Elikai (2013). Using the Scenario Method to Analyze Cheating Behaviors. Journal of Academic Ethics 11 (1):17-33.score: 24.0
    Using student self-reported cheating admissions and answers from a hypothetical cheating scenario, this paper analyzes the effects of individual and situational factors on potential cheating behavior. Results confirm several conclusions about student factors that are related to cheating. The probability of cheating is associated with younger students, lower GPAs, alcohol consumption, fraternity/sorority membership, and having cheated in high school. Student perceptions of the certainty and severity of punishment appear to have a negative and significant impact on the probability of cheating (...)
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  44. M. Preston-Shoot, J. McKimm, W. M. Kong & S. Smith (2011). Readiness for Legally Literate Medical Practice? Student Perceptions of Their Undergraduate Medico-Legal Education. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (10):616-622.score: 24.0
    Medical councils increasingly require graduates to understand law and to practise medicine mindful of the legal rules. In the UK a revised curriculum for medical law and ethics has been published. However, coverage of law in medical education remains variable and doubts exist about how far students acquire legal knowledge and skills in its implementation. This survey of students in two UK medical schools measured their law learning and their confidence in using this knowledge. Concept maps and a self-audit questionnaire (...)
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  45. Marcia M. Hughes, Marjolijn Blom, Ronald P. Rohner & Preston A. Britner (2005). Bridging Parental Acceptance‐Rejection Theory and Attachment Theory in the Preschool Strange Situation. Ethos 33 (3):378-401.score: 24.0
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  46. M. Preston-Shoot & J. McKimm (2010). Prepared for Practice? Law Teaching and Assessment in UK Medical Schools. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (11):694-699.score: 24.0
    A revised core curriculum for medical ethics and law in UK medical schools has been published. The General Medical Council requires medical graduates to understand law and ethics and behave in accordance with ethical and legal principles. A parallel policy agenda emphasises accountability, the development of professionalism and patient safety. Given the renewed focus on teaching and learning law alongside medical ethics and the development of professional identity, this survey aimed to identify how medical schools are responding to the preparation (...)
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  47. Scarta (2012). Call for Papers: A Changing Moral Climate. Philosophy and Public Issues - Filosofia E Questioni Pubbliche.score: 24.0
    Symposium: A Changing Moral Climate With a discussion of Stephen Gardiner’s A Perfect Moral Storm: The Ethical Tragedy of Climate Change (OUP 2012) Guest Editor: Marcello Di Paola Submission Deadline Long(1,000 words max): September 15, 2012 Full paper (10,000 words max, upon acceptance): January 15, 2013 Invited Contributors Simon Caney (University of Oxford), Dale W. Jamieson (New York University), Christopher Preston (University of Montana), Ronald Sandler (NorthWestern University), and Stephen M. Gardiner (University of Washington).
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  48. Philip M. Fernbach, Preston Linson-Gentry & Steven A. Sloman (2007). Causal Beliefs Influence the Perception of Temporal Order. In McNamara D. S. & Trafton J. G. (eds.), Proceedings of the 29th Annual Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. 269--74.score: 24.0
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  49. Preston Jesse, Gray Kurt & M. Wegner Daniel (2006). The Godfather of Soul. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5).score: 24.0
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  50. M. Kleepsies Phillip, J. Miller Pamela & A. Preston Thomas (2008). End-of-Life Choices. In James L. Werth & Dean Blevins (eds.), Decision Making Near the End of Life: Issues, Development, and Future Directions. Brunner-Routledge.score: 24.0
     
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