Search results for 'Term' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Nelson Cowan (2001). The Magical Number 4 in Short-Term Memory: A Reconsideration of Mental Storage Capacity. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):87-114.
    Miller (1956) summarized evidence that people can remember about seven chunks in short-term memory (STM) tasks. However, that number was meant more as a rough estimate and a rhetorical device than as a real capacity limit. Others have since suggested that there is a more precise capacity limit, but that it is only three to five chunks. The present target article brings together a wide variety of data on capacity limits suggesting that the smaller capacity limit is real. Capacity (...)
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  2. Leon Horsten & Øystein Linnebo (2016). Term Models for Abstraction Principles. Journal of Philosophical Logic 45 (1):1-23.
    Kripke’s notion of groundedness plays a central role in many responses to the semantic paradoxes. Can the notion of groundedness be brought to bear on the paradoxes that arise in connection with abstraction principles? We explore a version of grounded abstraction whereby term models are built up in a ‘grounded’ manner. The results are mixed. Our method solves a problem concerning circularity and yields a ‘grounded’ model for the predicative theory based on Frege’s Basic Law V. However, the method (...)
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  3. Bill Faw (2003). Pre-Frontal Executive Committee for Perception, Working Memory, Attention, Long-Term Memory, Motor Control, and Thinking: A Tutorial Review. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (1):83-139.
    As an explicit organizing metaphor, memory aid, and conceptual framework, the prefrontal cortex may be viewed as a five-member ‘Executive Committee,’ as the prefrontal-control extensions of five sub-and-posterior-cortical systems: the ‘Perceiver’ is the frontal extension of the ventral perceptual stream which represents the world and self in object coordinates; the ‘Verbalizer’ is the frontal extension of the language stream which represents the world and self in language coordinates; the ‘Motivator’ is the frontal cortical extension of a subcortical extended-amygdala stream which (...)
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  4.  38
    Victor Kumar (2014). 'Knowledge' as a Natural Kind Term. Synthese 191 (3):439-457.
    Naturalists who conceive of knowledge as a natural kind are led to treat ‘knowledge’ as a natural kind term. ‘Knowledge,’ then, must behave semantically in the ways that seem to support a direct reference theory for other natural kind terms. A direct reference theory for ‘knowledge,’ however, appears to leave open too many possibilities about the identity of knowledge. Intuitively, states of belief count as knowledge only if they meet epistemic criteria, not merely if they bear a causal/historical relation (...)
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  5.  13
    Marie P. Edwards, Susan E. McClement & Laurie R. Read (2013). Nurses' Responses to Initial Moral Distress in Long-Term Care. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (3):325-336.
    While researchers have examined the types of ethical issues that arise in long-term care, few studies have explored long-term care nurses’ experiences of moral distress and fewer still have examined responses to initial moral distress. Using an interpretive description approach, 15 nurses working in long-term care settings within one city in Canada were interviewed about their responses to experiences of initial moral distress, resources or supports they identified as helpful or potentially helpful in dealing with these situations, (...)
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  6.  77
    Anthony G. Greenwald, R. L. Abrams, Lionel Naccache & Stanislas Dehaene (2003). Long-Term Semantic Memory Versus Contextual Memory in Unconscious Number Processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology 29 (2):235-247.
    Subjects classified visible 2-digit numbers as larger or smaller than 55. Target numbers were preceded by masked 2-digit primes that were either congruent (same relation to 55) or incongruent. Experiments 1 and 2 showed prime congruency effects for stimuli never included in the set of classified visible targets, indicating subliminal priming based on long-term semantic memory. Experiments 2 and 3 went further to demonstrate paradoxical unconscious priming effects resulting from task context. For example, after repeated practice classifying 73 as (...)
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  7.  44
    Daniel S. Ruchkin, Jordan Grafman, Katherine Cameron & Rita S. Berndt (2003). Working Memory Retention Systems: A State of Activated Long-Term Memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):709-728.
    High temporal resolution event-related brain potential and electroencephalographic coherence studies of the neural substrate of short-term storage in working memory indicate that the sustained coactivation of both prefrontal cortex and the posterior cortical systems that participate in the initial perception and comprehension of the retained information are involved in its storage. These studies further show that short-term storage mechanisms involve an increase in neural synchrony between prefrontal cortex and posterior cortex and the enhanced activation of long-term memory (...)
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  8.  40
    George J. Agich (1993). Autonomy and Long-Term Care. Oxford University Press.
    The realities and myths of long-term care and the challenges it poses for the ethics of autonomy are analyzed in this perceptive work. The book defends the concept of autonomy, but argues that the standard view of autonomy as non-interference and independence has only a limited applicability for long term care. The treatment of actual autonomy stresses the developmental and social nature of human persons and the priority of identification over autonomous choice. The work balances analysis of the (...)
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  9.  23
    M. G. Piety (2004). The Long Term: Capitalism and Culture in the New Millennium. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 51 (2):103-118.
    One of the most significant developments in the latter part of the 20th century and the first part of this new millennium has been the triumph of short-term over long-term thinking. We are increasingly a culture that looks neither to the past nor to the future, but only to the next “quarter,” or to the next Delphic pronouncement by Alan Greenspan. This cultural construction of time has given rise to social, political and personal problems of unprecedented magnitude. The (...)
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  10.  4
    Holger Schultheis & Laura A. Carlson (2015). Mechanisms of Reference Frame Selection in Spatial Term Use: Computational and Empirical Studies. Cognitive Science 40 (4).
    Previous studies have shown that multiple reference frames are available and compete for selection during the use of spatial terms such as “above.” However, the mechanisms that underlie the selection process are poorly understood. In the current paper we present two experiments and a comparison of three computational models of selection to shed further light on the nature of reference frame selection. The three models are drawn from different areas of human cognition, and we assess whether they may be applied (...)
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  11.  76
    Ken Akiba (2009). A New Theory of Quantifiers and Term Connectives. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 18 (3):403-431.
    This paper sets forth a new theory of quantifiers and term connectives, called shadow theory , which should help simplify various semantic theories of natural language by greatly reducing the need of Montagovian proper names, type-shifting, and λ-conversion. According to shadow theory, conjunctive, disjunctive, and negative noun phrases such as John and Mary , John or Mary , and not both John and Mary , as well as determiner phrases such as every man , some woman , and the (...)
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  12.  7
    Kor Grit & Teun Zuiderent-Jerak (forthcoming). Making Markets in Long-Term Care: Or How a Market Can Work by Being Invisible. Health Care Analysis:1-18.
    Many Western countries have introduced market principles in healthcare. The newly introduced financial instrument of “care-intensity packages” in the Dutch long-term care sector fit this development since they have some characteristics of a market device. However, policy makers and care providers positioned these instruments as explicitly not belonging to the general trend of marketisation in healthcare. Using a qualitative case study approach, we study the work that the two providers have done to fit these instruments to their organisations and (...)
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  13.  24
    Mark G. Kuczewski (1999). Ethics in Long-Term Care: Are the Principles Different? Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 20 (1):15-29.
    It has become common in medical ethics to discuss difficult cases in terms of the principles of respect for autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice. These moral concepts or principles serve as maxims that are suggestive of appropriate clinical behavior. Because this language evolved primarily in the acute care setting, I consider whether it is in need of supplementation in order to be useful in the long-term care setting. Through analysis of two typical cases involving residents of long-term care (...)
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  14.  8
    Matthias Baaz & Georg Moser (2006). Herbrand's Theorem and Term Induction. Archive for Mathematical Logic 45 (4):447-503.
    We study the formal first order system TIND in the standard language of Gentzen's LK . TIND extends LK by the purely logical rule of term-induction, that is a restricted induction principle, deriving numerals instead of arbitrary terms. This rule may be conceived as the logical image of full induction.
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  15.  20
    Victoria S. Wike (2013). Where Should They Go? Undocumented Immigrants and Long-Term Care in the United States. HEC Forum 25 (2):173-182.
    In this paper, I consider the question of where illegal immigrants should go once their lives have been saved in hospitals and they are ready to be transferred to long-term care situations. I highlight three recent cases in which such a decision was made. In one case, the patient was kept at the hospital, in another the patient was repatriated to his home country, and in the third, the patient was discharged to his family. I consider the relevant moral (...)
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  16.  31
    David E. Weissman & Sandra Matson (1999). Pain Assessment and Management in the Long-Term Care Setting. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 20 (1):31-43.
    The assessment and management of pain is a significant public health problem in the United States. Long-term care facilities face unique barriers and challenges to pain management due to the large population of cognitively impaired residents, little physician contact and poor pain education for nurses and nurse assistants. In addition, common misconceptions about pain and pain treatment in the elderly along with health professional and resident fears of addiction and drug toxicity, add to the problem of pain management. The (...)
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  17.  10
    Sampsa Kaataja (2011). University Researchers Contributing to Technology Markets 1900–85. A Long-Term Analysis of Academic Patenting in Finland. [REVIEW] Minerva 49 (4):447-460.
    Regardless of the increased interest in technological innovation in universities, relatively little is known about the technology developed by academic scientists. Long-term analyses of researchers’ technological contribution are notably missing. This paper examines university-based technology in Finland during the period 1900–85. The focus is on the quantity and technological specialization of applications created inside the universities and in the changes that occurred in scientists’ technological output over nine decades. In the long-term analysis several aspects in universities’ technological contribution, (...)
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  18.  2
    Denni Arli & Fandy Tjiptono (2013). The End of Religion? Examining the Role of Religiousness, Materialism, and Long-Term Orientation on Consumer Ethics in Indonesia. Journal of Business Ethics 123 (3):1-16.
    Various studies on the impact of religiousness on consumer ethics have produced mixed results and suggested further clarification on the issue. Therefore, this article examines the effect of religiousness, materialism, and long-term orientation on consumer ethics in Indonesia. The results from 356 respondents in Indonesia, the largest Muslim population in the world, showed that intrinsic religiousness positively affected consumer ethics, while extrinsic social religiousness negatively affected consumer ethics. However, extrinsic personal religiousness did not affect consumer ethical beliefs dimensions. Unlike (...)
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  19.  4
    William A. Roberts (1972). Short-Term Memory in the Pigeon: Effects of Repetition and Spacing. Journal of Experimental Psychology 94 (1):74.
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  20.  18
    D. J. Murray (1968). Articulation and Acoustic Confusability in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (4p1):679.
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  21.  1
    D. J. Mewhort, P. M. Merikle & M. P. Bryden (1969). On the Transfer From Iconic to Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (1):89.
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  22.  3
    Abram Amsel, Paul T. Wong & Kenneth L. Traupmann (1971). Short-Term and Long-Term Factors in Extinction and Durable Persistence. Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (1):90.
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  23.  2
    Edward E. Smith & Gerald D. Nielsen (1970). Representations and Retrieval Processes in Short-Term Memory: Recognition and Recall of Faces. Journal of Experimental Psychology 85 (3):397.
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  24.  1
    Bert Forrin & Kathrine Cunningham (1973). Recognition Time and Serial Position of Probed Item in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 99 (2):272-279.
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  25.  1
    Kenneth F. Pompi & Roy Lachman (1967). Surrogate Processes in the Short-Term Retention of Connected Discourse. Journal of Experimental Psychology 75 (2):143.
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  26.  4
    Bennet B. Murdock Jr (1966). The Criterion Problem in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (3):317.
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  27.  3
    Michael I. Posner & Andrew F. Konick (1966). On the Role of Interference in Short-Term Retention. Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (2):221.
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  28.  3
    D. J. Herrmann & John P. McLaughlin (1973). Effects of Experimental and Preexperimental Organization on Recognition: Evidence for Two Storage Systems in Long-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 99 (2):174.
  29.  2
    Earl C. Butterfield & John M. Belmont (1971). Relations of Storage and Retrieval Strategies as Short-Term Memory Processes. Journal of Experimental Psychology 89 (2):319.
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  30.  3
    R. W. Worsham & M. R. D'Amato (1973). Ambient Light, White Noise, and Monkey Vocalization as Sources of Interference in Visual Short-Term Memory of Monkeys. Journal of Experimental Psychology 99 (1):99-105.
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  31.  1
    Donald A. Norman (1966). Acquisition and Retention in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (3):369.
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  32.  19
    Trygg Engen & Bruce M. Ross (1973). Long-Term Memory of Odors with and Without Verbal Descriptions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 100 (2):221.
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  33.  1
    Donald A. Norman & Wayne A. Wickelgren (1965). Short-Term Recognition Memory for Single Digits and Pairs of Digits. Journal of Experimental Psychology 70 (5):479.
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  34.  17
    A. S. Faust-Adams (1972). Interference in Short-Term Retention of Discrete Movements. Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (2):400.
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  35.  13
    Trygg Engen, James E. Kuisma & Peter D. Eimas (1973). Short-Term Memory of Odors. Journal of Experimental Psychology 99 (2):222.
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  36.  13
    Jack A. Adams & Sanne Dijkstra (1966). Short-Term Memory for Motor Responses. Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (2):314.
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  37.  10
    Thomas O. Nelson, Jacqueline Metzler & David A. Reed (1974). Role of Details in the Long-Term Recognition of Pictures and Verbal Descriptions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (1):184.
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  38.  10
    Jack A. Adams, Philip H. Marshall & Norman W. Bray (1971). Closed-Loop Theory and Long-Term Retention. Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (2):242-250.
  39.  8
    Philippe R. Falkenberg (1972). Recall Improves in Short-Term Memory the More Recall Context Resembles Learning Context. Journal of Experimental Psychology 95 (1):39.
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  40.  6
    Douglas K. Detterman & Norman R. Ellis (1972). Determinants of Induced Amnesia in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 95 (2):308.
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  41.  10
    Walter Kintsch & Herman Buschke (1969). Homophones and Synonyms in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (3p1):403.
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  42.  7
    David G. Elmes (1969). Short-Term Memory as a Function of Storage Load. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (1):203.
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  43.  5
    Wayne A. Wickelgren (1964). Size of Rehearsal Group and Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (4):413.
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  44.  1
    Maija S. Blaubergs & Martin D. Braine (1974). Short-Term Memory Limitations on Decoding Self-Embedded Sentences. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (4):745.
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  45.  6
    Graeme Wallace & Michael C. Corballis (1973). Short-Term Memory and Coding Strategies in the Deaf. Journal of Experimental Psychology 99 (3):334-348.
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  46.  7
    S. Hellyer (1962). Supplementary Report: Frequency of Stimulus Presentation and Short-Term Decrement in Recall. Journal of Experimental Psychology 64 (6):650.
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  47.  4
    Jack A. Adams, Howard I. Thorsheim & John S. McIntyre (1969). Item Length, Acoustic Similarity, and Natural Language Mediation as Variables in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (1):39.
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  48.  10
    Henry Loess & Richard Harris (1968). Short-Term Memory for Individual Verbal Items as a Function of Method of Recall. Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (1):64.
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  49.  11
    John G. Borkowski & Howard C. Eisner (1968). Meaningfulness and Abstractness in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (1p1):57.
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  50.  5
    Stanley R. Parkinson (1972). Short-Term Memory While Shadowing: Multiple-Item Recall of Visually and of Aurally Presented Letters. Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (2):256.
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