Search results for 'Terminal care Case studies' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Douglas N. Walton (1983). Ethics of Withdrawal of Life-Support Systems: Case Studies on Decision-Making in Intensive Care. Greenwood Press.score: 187.5
    " Journal of the American Medical Association "Walton has made a successful attempt to write about medical concerns without ever leaving the layperson to ...
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  2. M. Harris, A. P. Jagodzinski & K. R. Greene (2001). Roles for Knowledge-Based Computer Systems: Case Studies in Maternity Care. [REVIEW] AI and Society 15 (4):386-395.score: 109.0
    The design of medical knowledge-based computer systems requires effective interdisciplinary communication for the development of a community sharing common goals and a common language for design. Over the past 9 years the Perinatal Research Group, an interdisciplinary team of computer scientists, engineers and clinicians, have developed a prototype knowledge-based computer system to aid clinicians in the care of women in labour. The group were uncertain which approach to adopt to progress this system from a prototype to a useful clinical (...)
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  3. Nancy N. Dubler (1993). Ethics on Call: Taking Charge of Life-and-Death Choices in Today's Health Care System. Vintage Books.score: 108.0
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  4. John E. Thomas, Wilfrid J. Waluchow & Elisabeth Gedge (eds.) (2014). Well and Good, Fourth Edition: Case Studies in Health Care Ethics. Broadview Press.score: 91.5
    Well and Good presents a combination of "classic" and little-known cases in health care ethics. These cases, accompanied by information about the major ethical theories, give students a chance to grapple with the ethical challenges faced by health care practitioners, policy makers, and recipients. The authors' narrative style and leading questions provoke student interest and engagement, while allowing instructors the freedom to draw from the theoretical perspectives they consider most useful. This fourth edition includes an expanded discussion of (...)
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  5. Casper Bruun Jensen (2008). Power, Technology and Social Studies of Health Care: An Infrastructural Inversion. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 16 (4):355-374.score: 90.5
    Power, dominance, and hierarchy are prevalent analytical terms in social studies of health care. Power is often seen as residing in medical structures, institutions, discourses, or ideologies. While studies of medical power often draw on Michel Foucault, this understanding is quite different from his proposal to study in detail the “strategies, the networks, the mechanisms, all those techniques by which a decision is accepted” [Foucault, M. (1988). In Politics, philosophy, culture: Interviews and other writings 1977–84 (pp. 96–109). (...)
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  6. Charles D. Douglas, Ian H. Kerridge & Rachel A. Ankeny (2013). Narratives of 'Terminal Sedation', and the Importance of the Intention-Foresight Distinction in Palliative Care Practice. Bioethics 27 (1):1-11.score: 87.5
    The moral importance of the ‘intention–foresight’ distinction has long been a matter of philosophical controversy, particularly in the context of end-of-life care. Previous empirical research in Australia has suggested that general physicians and surgeons may use analgesic or sedative infusions with ambiguous intentions, their actions sometimes approximating ‘slow euthanasia’. In this paper, we report findings from a qualitative study of 18 Australian palliative care medical specialists, using in-depth interviews to address the use of sedation at the end of (...)
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  7. Y. Michael Barilan (2003). Revisiting the Problem of Jewish Bioethics: The Case of Terminal Care. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 13 (2):141-168.score: 86.5
    : This paper examines the main Jewish sources relevant to end-of-life ethics, two Talmudic stories, the early modern code of law (Shulhan Aruch), and contemporary Halakhaic (religious law) responsa. Some Orthodox rabbis object to the use of artificial life support that prolongs the life of a dying patient and permit its active discontinuation when the patient is suffering. Other rabbis believe that every medical measure must be taken in order to prolong life. The context of the discussion is the recent (...)
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  8. Lachlan Forrow, Norman Daniels & James E. Sabin (forthcoming). Case Studies: When Is Home Care Medically Necessary? Hastings Center Report.score: 85.5
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  9. Robert I. Misbin & David H. Miller (forthcoming). Case Studies:" Make Me Live": Autonomy and Terminal Illness. Hastings Center Report.score: 85.5
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  10. J. Spike (1998). Physicians' Responsibilities in the Care of Suicidal Patients: Three Case Studies. Journal of Clinical Ethics 9 (3):306.score: 85.5
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  11. Hisako Inaba (2008). A Comparative Case Study of American and Japanese Medical Care of a Terminally Ill Patient. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 5:19-31.score: 84.5
    How is a terminally ill patient treated by the surrounding people in the U.S. and Japan? How does a terminally ill patient decide on his or her own treatment? These questions will be examined in a study of intensive medical care, received by a terminally ill Japanese cancer patient in the U.S. and Japan. This casereflects the participant observation by a Japanese anthropologist for about 8 years in the United States and Japan on one patient who was hospitalized in (...)
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  12. Saskia M. Tuijn, Huub van den Bergh, Paul Robben & Frans Janssens (forthcoming). Experimental Studies to Improve the Reliability and Validity of Regulatory Judgments on Health Care in the Netherlands: A Randomized Controlled Trial and Before and After Case Study. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice:n/a-n/a.score: 82.5
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  13. Sarah B. Laditka & Margaret M. Houck (2006). Student-Developed Case Studies: An Experiential Approach for Teaching Ethics in Management. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 64 (2):157 - 167.score: 81.0
    To prepare for ethically challenging situations in the workplace, it is useful for students to explore their attitudes toward ethical issues and their own value systems. An experiential assignment to teach ethics in business programs is presented. This method allows instructors to incorporate a “stand alone” assignment in ethics into a course that focuses on another area in management. The assignment, student-developed case studies of ethical situations in the workplace, requires students to develop individual case studies (...)
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  14. Julie A. B. Cagle & Melissa S. Baucus (2006). Case Studies of Ethics Scandals: Effects on Ethical Perceptions of Finance Students. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 64 (3):213 - 229.score: 81.0
    Ethics instructors often use cases to help students understand ethics within a corporate context, but we need to know more about the impact a case-based pedagogy has on students’ ability to make ethical decisions. We used a pre- and post-test methodology to assess the effect of using cases to teach ethics in a finance course. We also wanted to determine whether recent corporate ethics scandals might have impacted students’ perceptions of the importance and prevalence of ethics in business, so (...)
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  15. Mary S. Morgan (2012). Case Studies: One Observation or Many? Justification or Discovery? Philosophy of Science 79 (5):667-677.score: 81.0
    Critiques of case studies as an epistemic genre usually focus on the domain of justification and hinge on comparisons with statistics and laboratory experiments. In this domain, case studies can be defended by the notion of “infirming”: they use many different bits of evidence, each of which may independently “infirm” the account. Yet their efficacy may be more powerful in the domain of discovery, in which these same different bits of evi- dence must be fully integrated (...)
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  16. Manuel Guillén & Tomás F. González (2001). The Ethical Dimension of Managerial Leadership Two Illustrative Case Studies in TQM. Journal of Business Ethics 34 (3-4):175 - 189.score: 81.0
    In recent decades, Total Quality Management (TQM) has become an important phenomenon in the world of business, but the implications and scope of quality programs are quite different everywhere. Since different explanations have been given, most authors agree that management commitment and leadership are indispensable elements for a successful TQM implementation. Nevertheless, the study of the literature reflects a terminological confusion on this point. The authors of this paper argue that commitment and leadership are not synonymous terms.While committed managers may (...)
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  17. S. Dam, T. A. Abma, M. J. M. Kardol & G. A. M. Widdershoven (2012). “Here's My Dilemma”. Moral Case Deliberation as a Platform for Discussing Everyday Ethics in Elderly Care. Health Care Analysis 20 (3):250-267.score: 80.0
    Our study presents an overview of the issues that were brought forward by participants of a moral case deliberation (MCD) project in two elderly care organizations. The overview was inductively derived from all case descriptions (N = 202) provided by participants of seven mixed MCD groups, consisting of care providers from various professional backgrounds, from nursing assistant to physician. The MCD groups were part of a larger MCD project within two care institutions (residential homes and (...)
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  18. S. Van der Dam, T. A. Abma, M. J. M. Kardol & G. A. M. Widdershoven (2012). “Here's My Dilemma”. Moral Case Deliberation as a Platform for Discussing Everyday Ethics in Elderly Care. Health Care Analysis 20 (3):250-267.score: 80.0
    Our study presents an overview of the issues that were brought forward by participants of a moral case deliberation (MCD) project in two elderly care organizations. The overview was inductively derived from all case descriptions (N = 202) provided by participants of seven mixed MCD groups, consisting of care providers from various professional backgrounds, from nursing assistant to physician. The MCD groups were part of a larger MCD project within two care institutions (residential homes and (...)
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  19. Christine Ceci (2006). 'What She Says She Needs Doesn't Make a Lot of Sense': Seeing and Knowing in a Field Study of Home-Care Case Management. Nursing Philosophy 7 (2):90-99.score: 79.5
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  20. Carmel M. Martin, Deirdre Grady, Susan Deaconking, Catherine McMahon, Atieh Zarabzadeh & Brendan O'Shea (2011). Complex Adaptive Chronic Care – Typologies of Patient Journey: A Case Study. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (3):520-524.score: 76.5
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  21. Joseph R. DesJardins & Ernest Diedrich (2003). Learning What It Really Costs: Teaching Business Ethics with Life-Cycle Case Studies. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 48 (1):33-42.score: 74.0
    Sustainability informs the framework for a seminar that we teach for junior and senior undergraduates entitled "The Ethics and Economics of Sustainable Societies." One of the class requirements has each student research and write a life-cycle case study, an exercise in which they trace the full, or partial, life-cycle of some product with which they are familiar. Students are expected to examine the economic, ethical, and ecological implications along each step in the life-cycle of the product. We believe that (...)
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  22. Geartsje Boonstra, Diederick E. Grobbee, Eelko Hak, René S. Kahn & Huibert Burger (2011). Initiation of Antipsychotic Treatment by General Practitioners. A Case–Control Study. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (1):12-17.score: 72.0
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  23. Arno van Raak, Siebren Groothuis, Robert van der Aa, Martien Limburg & Leti Vos (2010). Shifting Stroke Care From the Hospital to the Nursing Home: Explaining the Outcomes of a Dutch Case. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (6):1203-1208.score: 71.0
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  24. Cindy A. Stearns (1997). How Physicians Lost Out to Managed Care: A Case Study of Accommodation and Resistance in a Medical Community. Journal of Medical Humanities 18 (4):261-271.score: 70.0
    This paper involves a case study of physicians working in an urban Midwestern region. It raises questions surrounding how physicians adapted to, encouraged and resisted the increasing presence of managed care in their work lives. The patterning of physician accommodation to managed care and the failure of physicians to mount any effective organized resistance in Metro has some important implications for theories about professional dominance and decline.
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  25. Robert M. Veatch (2008). Case Studies in Pharmacy Ethics. Oxford University Press.score: 69.0
    Every pharmacist, aware or not, is constantly making ethical choices. Sometimes these choices are dramatic, life-and-death decisions, but often they will be more subtle, less conspicuous choices that are nonetheless important. Assisted suicide, conscientious refusal, pain management, equitable and efficacious distribution of drug resources within institutions and managed care plans, confidentiality, and alternative and non-traditional therapies are among the issues that are of unique concern to pharmacists. One way of seeing the implications of such issues and the moral choices (...)
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  26. Sue Ross, Charles Weijer, Amiram Gafni, Ariel Ducey, Carmen Thompson & Rene Lafreniere (2010). Ethics, Economics and the Regulation and Adoption of New Medical Devices: Case Studies in Pelvic Floor Surgery. BMC Medical Ethics 11 (1):14-.score: 69.0
    Background: Concern has been growing in the academic literature and popular media about the licensing, introduction and adoption of surgical devices before full effectiveness and safety evidence is available to inform clinical practice. Our research will seek empirical survey evidence about the roles, responsibilities, and information and policy needs of the key stakeholders in the introduction into clinical practice of new surgical devices for pelvic floor surgery, in terms of the underlying ethical principals involved in the economic decision-making process, using (...)
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  27. Robert M. Veatch (1977). Case Studies in Medical Ethics. Harvard University Press.score: 67.5
    INTRODUCTION Five Questions of Ethics Medical ethics as a field presents a fundamental problem. As a branch of applied ethics, medical ethics becomes ...
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  28. Bruce G. Charlton & Florence Walston (1998). Individual Case Studies in Clinical Research. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 4 (2):147-155.score: 67.5
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  29. Gerald James Holton (1978). The Scientific Imagination: Case Studies. Cambridge University Press.score: 67.5
  30. Vincent Gauthereau & Christina Mauléon (2011). Promoting a Safety Culture in Health Care. Presenting a Relational-Interpretive Perspective. Medicine Studies 2 (4):265-278.score: 64.5
    This paper analyses various approaches to the concept of a ‘safety culture’ in terms of their epistemological assumptions regarding the nature of learning. As a result of this analysis, the study proposes a relational-interpretive framework for the promotion of safety in health care, which is based on relational theories and the philosophy of conceptual pragmatism as this can be used to integrate the various strands of current safety research. In particular, the approach based on a relational-interpretive perspective can bridge (...)
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  31. Peter Foster, Roger Gomm & Martyn Hammersley (2000). Case Studies as Spurious Evaluations: The Example of Research on Educational Inequalities. British Journal of Educational Studies 48 (3):215 - 230.score: 63.0
    This article notes that much case study research focusing on educational inequalities is evaluative in character, in the sense that it draws value conclusions. Moreover, the evaluative character of these conclusions is often implicit. We argue that practical evaluation of this kind is inappropriate in research reports. We then discuss the legitimate role that values can play in case study research, notably in providing the basis for identifying important topics for inquiry and in selecting explanations from among causal (...)
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  32. L. -C. Huang, C. -H. Chen, H. -L. Liu, H. -Y. Lee, N. -H. Peng, T. -M. Wang & Y. -C. Chang (2013). The Attitudes of Neonatal Professionals Towards End-of-Life Decision-Making for Dying Infants in Taiwan. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (6):382-386.score: 60.0
    The purposes of research were to describe the neonatal clinicians' personal views and attitudes on neonatal ethical decision-making, to identify factors that might affect these attitudes and to compare the attitudes between neonatal physicians and neonatal nurses in Taiwan. Research was a cross-sectional design and a questionnaire was used to reach different research purposes. A convenient sample was used to recruit 24 physicians and 80 neonatal nurses from four neonatal intensive care units in Taiwan. Most participants agreed with suggesting (...)
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  33. Luís G. Soto & Carlos Sánchez Fernández de la Vega (2013). Verdad y atención al enfermo terminal. Revista de Filosofía (Madrid) 38 (1):139-158.score: 60.0
    The aim of this text is to examine the issue of truth telling in doctor-patient relationships, namely in the case of terminal patients. We analyze the problems and attitudes regarding truth telling that there are present when patients suffer from mortal diseases. We conclude that it is very important to keep a fluent and truthful communication in the doctor-patient relationship. We also examine and stress the role that general practitioners can play in the care of terminal (...)
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  34. Pingyue Jin, Nikola Biller‐Andorno & Verina Wild (2014). Ethical Implications of Case‐Based Payment in China: A Systematic Analysis. Developing World Bioethics 14 (2).score: 60.0
    How health care providers are paid affects how medicine is practiced. It is thus important to assess provider payment models not only from the economic perspective but also from the ethical perspective. China recently started to reform the provider payment model in the health care system from fee-for-service to case-based payment. This paper aims to examine this transition from an ethical perspective. We collected empirical studies on the impact of case-based payment in the Chinese health (...)
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  35. Simon Hoelzer, Werner Waechter, Andrew Stewart, Raymond Liu, Ralf Schweiger & Joachim Dudeck (2001). Towards Case‐Based Performance Measures: Uncovering Deficiencies in Applied Medical Care. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 7 (4):355-363.score: 60.0
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  36. R. Tatnell & P. J. Malpas (2012). The Morality of Care: Case Study and Review. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (12):763-764.score: 59.3
    This case concerns aspects of the treatment of a post-surgical patient in a major public hospital in New Zealand during the author's experiences as a fourth year medical student. This case is used to consider the interlinked ethical issues of sympathy, moral virtue, dignity and how the medical environment can realign these values.
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  37. Roberta L. Millstein (2006). Discussion of "Four Case Studies on Chance in Evolution&Quot;: Philosophical Themes and Questions. Philosophy of Science 73 (5):678-687.score: 59.0
    The four case studies on chance in evolution provide a rich source for further philosophical analysis. Among the issues raised are the following: Are there different conceptions of chance at work, or is there a common underlying conception? How can a given concept of chance be distinguished from other chance concepts and from nonchance concepts? How can the occurrence of a given chance process be distinguished empirically from nonchance processes or other chance processes? What role does chance play (...)
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  38. Philip M. Linsley & Richard E. Slack (2013). Crisis Management and an Ethic of Care: The Case of Northern Rock Bank. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 113 (2):285-295.score: 59.0
    Different ethical frameworks have been proposed as appropriate for integrating into crisis management strategies. This study examines an ethic of care approach to crisis management analysing the case of Northern Rock bank which was at the centre of the recent financial crisis in the UK. The development and maintenance of relationships is fundamental to an ethic of care approach and the research recognises this by examining the bank–stakeholder relationship both before and after the crisis. Considerable anger was (...)
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  39. John E. Thomas, Wilfrid J. Waluchow & Elisabeth Gedge (eds.) (2014). Well and Good, Fourth Edition: A Case Study Approach to Health Care Ethics. Broadview Press.score: 58.5
    Well and Good presents a combination of "classic" and little-known cases in health care ethics. These cases, accompanied by information about the major ethical theories, give students a chance to grapple with the ethical challenges faced by health care practitioners, policy makers, and recipients. The authors' narrative style and leading questions provoke student interest and engagement, while allowing instructors the freedom to draw from the theoretical perspectives they consider most useful. This fourth edition includes an expanded discussion of (...)
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  40. John Abraham (2008). The Politics and Bio-Ethics of Regulatory Trust: Case-Studies of Pharmaceuticals. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (4):415-426.score: 57.0
    Drawing on case studies from the modern era of pharmaceutical regulation in the UK, US and Europe, I examine how the extent and distribution of trust between regulators, the pharmaceutical industry, and the medical profession about drug testing and monitoring influences knowledge and regulatory judgements about the efficacy and safety of prescription drugs. Introducing the concepts of ‘acquiescent’ and ‘investigative’ norms of regulatory trust, I demonstrate how investigative norms of regulatory trust—which deter pharmaceutical companies from assuming that their (...)
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  41. Christine Ceci phd (2006). 'What She Says She Needs Doesn't Make a Lot of Sense': Seeing and Knowing in a Field Study of Home-Care Case Management. Nursing Philosophy 7 (2):90–99.score: 55.5
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  42. Katia Käyhkö (2002). Learning Outcomes in Health Care Ethics; a Case Study Concerning One Course. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 5 (3):301-305.score: 55.5
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  43. Kathryn L. Cottingham (2002). Tackling Biocomplexity: The Role of People, Tools, and Scale This Article Uses Case Studies From Aquatic Ecosystems to Demonstrate That a Key Component of a Successful Biocomplexity Research Project is the Careful Choice of People, Tools, and Scale to Answer the Questions Under Investigation. Bioscience 52 (9):793-799.score: 55.5
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  44. Rob Houtepen & David Hendrikx (2003). Nurses and the Virtues of Dealing with Existential Questions in Terminal Palliative Care. Nursing Ethics 10 (4):377-387.score: 54.5
    We have conducted a small qualitative empirical study into the problems that nurses encounter in delivering existential support in their care of dying patients. We found that nurses are confronted with four types of problem: determining whether the patient actually has put a genuine question for existential support on the agenda; assessing what the import of such a question is; devising an adequate procedure for offering existential support; and organizing adequate support for themselves. Our analysis shows that it takes (...)
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  45. Hasok Chang, Beyond Case-Studies: History as Philosophy.score: 54.0
    What can we conclude from a mere handful of case studies? The field of HPS has witnessed too many hasty philosophical generalizations based on a small number of conveniently chosen case studies. One might even speculate that dissatisfaction with such methodological shoddiness contributed decisively to a widespread disillusionment with the whole HPS enterprise. Without specifying clear mechanisms for history-philosophy interaction, we are condemned to either making unwarranted generalizations from history, or writing entirely "local" histories with no (...)
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  46. K. Gavroglu (1976). Research Guiding Principles in Modern Physics: Case Studies in Elementary Particle Physics. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 7 (2):223-248.score: 54.0
    Summary Some case studies in elementary particle physics are presented in this work, that can be used for the critical appraisal of specific criteria which were proposed to account for the development of Heisenberg's work. It is attempted to define the philosophical problems associated with and emerging from the structures of theories, rather than analyse the philosophical aspects of concepts used in elementary particle physics. This necessitates the discussion of the relationship between theory and experiment, and the role (...)
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  47. Kevin C. Elliott (2009). The Ethical Significance of Language in the Environmental Sciences: Case Studies From Pollution Research. Ethics, Place and Environment 12 (2):157 – 173.score: 54.0
    This paper examines how ethically significant assumptions and values are embedded not only in environmental policies but also in the language of the environmental sciences. It shows, based on three case studies associated with contemporary pollution research, how the choice of scientific categories and terms can have at least four ethically significant effects: influencing the future course of scientific research; altering public awareness or attention to environmental phenomena; affecting the attitudes or behavior of key decision makers; and changing (...)
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  48. Elizabeth A. Buchanan (2008). Case Studies in Library and Information Science Ethics. Mcfarland & Co..score: 54.0
    "This work is a valuable casebook, specifically for library and information science professionals, that presents numerous case studies that combine theories of ...
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  49. C. Kenneth Waters (2007). The Nature and Context of Exploratory Experimentation: An Introduction to Three Case Studies of Exploratory Research. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 29 (3):275 - 284.score: 54.0
    My aim in this article is to introduce readers to the topic of exploratory experimentation and briefly explain how the three articles that follow, by Richard Burian, Kevin Elliott, and Maureen O'Malley, advance our understanding of the nature and significance of exploratory research. I suggest that the distinction between exploratory and theory-driven experimentation is multidimensional and that some of the dimensions are continuums. I point out that exploratory experiments are typically theory-informed even if they are not theory-driven. I also distinguish (...)
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  50. Richard P. Cooper (2006). Cognitive Architectures as Lakatosian Research Programs: Two Case Studies. Philosophical Psychology 19 (2):199-220.score: 54.0
    Cognitive architectures - task-general theories of the structure and function of the complete cognitive system - are sometimes argued to be more akin to frameworks or belief systems than scientific theories. The argument stems from the apparent non-falsifiability of existing cognitive architectures. Newell was aware of this criticism and argued that architectures should be viewed not as theories subject to Popperian falsification, but rather as Lakatosian research programs based on cumulative growth. Newell's argument is undermined because he failed to demonstrate (...)
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