Search results for 'Theodosius Grigorievich Dobzhansky' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Francisco Jose Ayala & Theodosius Grigorievich Dobzhansky (eds.) (1974). Studies in the Philosophy of Biology: Reduction and Related Problems. University of California Press.score: 1230.0
    . Introductory Remarks THEODOSIUS DOBZHANSKY The problems of reduction in biology are currently of considerable theoretical interest and practical ...
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  2. Theodosius Dobzhansky (1973). Ethics and Values in Biological and Cultural Evolution. Zygon 8 (3-4):261-281.score: 240.0
  3. Theodosius Dobzhansky (1968). Teilhard de Chardin and the Orientation of Evolution. A Critical Essay. Zygon 3 (3):242-258.score: 240.0
  4. Theodosius Dobzhansky (1974). 18. Chance and Creativity in Evolution. In Francisco Jose Ayala & Theodosius Grigorievich Dobzhansky (eds.), Studies in the Philosophy of Biology: Reduction and Related Problems. University of California Press. 307.score: 240.0
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  5. Theodosius Dobzhansky (1983). Nothing in Biology Makes Sense Except in the Light of Evolution. In J. Peter Zetterberg (ed.), Evolution Versus Creationism: The Public Education Controversy. Oryx Press. 18--28.score: 240.0
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  6. Theodosius Dobzhansky (1963). Natural Selection and Fitness. The Eugenics Review 55 (2):129.score: 240.0
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  7. Theodosius Dobzhansky (1969). The Pattern of Human Evolution. In John D. Roslansky & Ernan McMullin (eds.), The Uniqueness of Man. London, North-Holland Pub. Co.. 41--70.score: 240.0
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  8. John C. Greene & Michael Ruse (1996). On the Nature of the Evolutionary Process: The Correspondence Between Theodosius Dobzhansky and John C. Greene. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 11 (4):445-491.score: 156.0
    This is the correspondence (1959–1969), on the nature of the evolutionary process, between the biologist Theodosius Dobzhansky and the historian John C. Greene.
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  9. David Wÿss Rudge (2000). The Complementary Roles of Observation and Experiment: Theodosius Dobzhansky's Genetics of Natural Populations IX and XII. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 22 (2):167 - 186.score: 144.0
    Theodosius Dobzhansky has long been recognized by historians as a pioneer in the combining of the 'field natural history' and 'laboratory experimentalist' traditions in biology (Allen 1994). The following essay analyzes two papers in his wellknown Genetics of Natural Populations series, GNP IX and GNP XII, which demonstrate how Dobzhansky combined field and laboratory work in the pursuit of an evolutionary question. The analysis reveals the multiple and complementary roles field observations and experiments played in his investigations. (...)
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  10. T. A. Goudge (1980). The Collected Papers of Charles Darwin. Edited by Paul H. Barrett. With a Foreword by Theodosius Dobzhansky. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1977. 2 Vols. Xviii + 277; Viii + 326 Pages. $40.00. [REVIEW] Dialogue 19 (03):524-526.score: 120.0
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  11. David J. Depew (2011). Adaptation as Process: The Future of Darwinism and the Legacy of Theodosius Dobzhansky. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 42 (1):89-98.score: 120.0
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  12. Karl F. Koopman (1996). Theodosius Dobzhansky The Evolution of Theodosius Dobzhansky: Essays on His Life and Thought in Russia and America Mark B. Adams. BioScience 46 (3):217-217.score: 120.0
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  13. Lisa Gannett (2013). Theodosius Dobzhansky and the Genetic Race Concept. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (3):250-261.score: 120.0
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  14. R. T. Eddison (1954). Book Review:Genetics and the Origin of the Species Theodosius Dobzhansky. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 21 (3):272-.score: 120.0
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  15. Aldo M. Araújo (1998). A Influência de Theodosius Dobzhansky No Desenvolvimento da Genética No Brasil. Episteme 3 (7):43-54.score: 120.0
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  16. Education Board (1969). Dr. Theodosius Dobzhansky is a Native Russian Who Came to the United States at the Age of 27 and Remained to Become a United States Citizen ten Years Later. Twenty-Eight Years Later He Received the National Medal of Science From President Lyndon B. Fohnson. He Began His Teaching Career at the University of Leningrad in 1924 and His Trip To. [REVIEW] In John D. Roslansky & Ernan McMullin (eds.), The Uniqueness of Man. London, North-Holland Pub. Co.. 42.score: 120.0
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  17. G. Ainsworth Harrison (1972). Genetics of the Evolutionary Process. By Theodosius Dobzhansky. Pp. 505. (Columbia University Press, New York and London, 1970). Price £4.95. [REVIEW] Journal of Biosocial Science 4 (1):137-140.score: 120.0
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  18. Karl F. Koopman (1996). Theodosius Dobzhansky. BioScience 46 (3):217-217.score: 120.0
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  19. R. C. Lewontin (1976). Theodosius Dobzhansky. 1900 - 1975. BioScience 26 (2):155-155.score: 120.0
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  20. Joe Cain (2002). Co-Opting Colleagues: Appropriating Dobzhansky's 1936 Lectures at Columbia. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 35 (2):207 - 219.score: 102.0
    This paper clarifies the chronology surrounding the population geneticist Theodosius Dobzhansky's 1937 book, "Genetics and the Origin of Species." Most historians assume (a) Dobzhansky's book began as a series of 'Jesup lectures,' sponsored by the Department of Zoology at Columbia University in 1936, and (b) before these lectures were given, Dobzhansky knew he would produce a volume for the Columbia Biological Series (CBS). Archival evidence forces a rejection of both assumptions. Dobzhansky's 1936 Columbia lectures were (...)
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  21. Michael D. Gordin (2012). How Lysenkoism Became Pseudoscience: Dobzhansky to Velikovsky. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 45 (3):443 - 468.score: 102.0
    At some point in America in the 1940s, T. D. Lysenko's neo-Lamarckian hereditary theories transformed from a set of disputed doctrines into a prime exemplar of "pseudoscience." This paper explores the context in which this theory acquired this pejorative status by examining American efforts to refute Lysenkoism both before and after the famous August 1948 endorsement of Lysenko's doctrines by the Stalinist state, with particular attention to the translation efforts of Theodosius Dobzhansky. After enumerating numerous tactics for combating (...)
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  22. Melinda Gormley (2009). Scientific Discrimination and the Activist Scientist: L. C. Dunn and the Professionalization of Genetics and Human Genetics in the United States. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 42 (1):33 - 72.score: 72.0
    During the 1920s and 1930s geneticist L. C. Dunn of Columbia University cautioned Americans against endorsing eugenic policies and called attention to eugenicists' less than rigorous practices. Then, from the mid-1940s to early 1950s he attacked scientific racism and Nazi Rassenhygiene by co-authoring Heredity, Race and Society with Theodosius Dobzhansky and collaborating with members of UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization) on their international campaign against racism. Even though shaking the foundations of scientific discrimination was Dunn's (...)
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  23. John P. Jackson Jr (2001). In Ways Unacademical": The Reception of Carleton S. Coon's "The Origin of Races. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 34 (2):247 - 285.score: 72.0
    This paper examines the controversy surrounding anthropologist Carleton S. Coon's 1962 book, "The Origin of Races." Coon maintained that the human sspecies was divided into five races before it had evolved into Homo sapiens and that the races evolved into sapiens at different times. Coon's thesis was used by segregationists in the United States as proof that African Americans were "junior" to white Americans and hence unfit for full participation in American society. The paper examines the interactions among Coon, segregationist (...)
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  24. Vassiliki Betty Smocovitis (2006). Keeping Up with Dobzhansky: G. Ledyard Stebbins, Jr., Plant Evolution, and the Evolutionary Synthesis. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 28 (1):9 - 47.score: 54.0
    This paper explores the complex relationship between the plant evolutionist G. Ledyard Stebbins and the animal evolutionist Theodosius Dobzhansky. The manner in which the plant evolution was brought into line, synthesized, or rendered consistent with the understanding of animal evolution (and especially insect evolution) is explored, especially as it culminated with the publication of Stebbins's 1950 book Variation and Evolution in Plants. The paper explores the multi-directional traffic of influence between Stebbins and Dobzhansky, but also their social (...)
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  25. Leah Ceccarelli (1995). A Rhetoric of Interdisciplinary Scientific Discourse: Textual Criticism of Dobzhansky's Genetics and the Origin of Species. Social Epistemology 9 (2):91 – 111.score: 54.0
    Abstract This paper is a close textual criticism of Theodosius Dobzhansky's Genetics and the Origin of Species. It argues that the book succeeds as interdisciplinary communication by promoting polysemy. The professional goals of two scientific communities are embedded in the text in such a way that each audience reads the call for co?operative action as implicit support for their own methods.
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  26. Marianne Sommer (2008). History in the Gene: Negotiations Between Molecular and Organismal Anthropology. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 41 (3):473 - 528.score: 48.0
    In the advertising discourse of human genetic database projects, of genetic ancestry tracing companies, and in popular books on anthropological genetics, what I refer to as the anthropological gene and genome appear as documents of human history, by far surpassing the written record and oral history in scope and accuracy as archives of our past. How did macromolecules become "documents of human evolutionary history"? Historically, molecular anthropology, a term introduced by Emile Zuckerkandl in 1962 to characterize the study of primate (...)
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  27. David J. Depew (2013). The Rhetoric of Evolutionary Theory. Biological Theory 7 (4):380-389.score: 48.0
    I argue that Darwinian evolutionary theory has a rhetorical dimension and that rhetorical criticism plays a role in how evolutionary science acquires knowledge. I define what I mean by rhetoric by considering Darwin’s Origin. I use the Modern Evolutionary Synthesis to show how rhetoric conceived as situated and addressed argumentation enters into evolutionary theorizing. Finally, I argue that rhetorical criticism helps judge the success, limits, and failures of these theories.
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  28. Th Dobzhansky (1935). A Critique of the Species Concept in Biology. Philosophy of Science 2 (3):344-355.score: 30.0
  29. F. Ayala & T. Dobzhansky (eds.) (1974). Studies in the Philosophy of Biology. University of California Press.score: 30.0
    Should the philosophy of biology deal with organismic, or with molecular aspects , or with both ? We are, of course, not the first to appreciate the ...
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  30. Simpson Dobzhansky (2004). Complexity, Design, and Natural Selection. BioScience 54 (2).score: 30.0
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  31. Jonathan Michael Kaplan & Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther (forthcoming). Realism, Antirealism, and Conventionalism About Race. Philosophy of Science.score: 24.0
    This paper distinguishes three concepts of “race”: bio-genomic cluster/race, biological race, and social race. We map out realism, antirealism, and conventionalism about each of these, in three important historical episodes: Frank Livingstone and Theodosius Dobzhansky in 1962, A.W.F. Edwards’ 2003 response to Lewontin (1972), and contemporary discourse. Semantics is especially crucial to the first episode, while normativity is central to the second. Upon inspection, each episode also reveals a variety of commitments to the metaphysics of race. We conclude (...)
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  32. Robert J. Richards (2012). Darwin's Principles of Divergence and Natural Selection: Why Fodor Was Almost Right. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 43 (1):256-268.score: 24.0
    In a series of articles and in a recent book, What Darwin Got Wrong, Jerry Fodor has objected to Darwin’s principle of natural selection on the grounds that it assumes nature has intentions.1 Despite the near universal rejection of Fodor’s argument by biologists and philosophers of biology (myself included),2 I now believe he was almost right. I will show this through a historical examination of a principle that Darwin thought as important as natural selection, his principle of divergence. The principle (...)
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  33. Lisa Gannett (2001). Racism and Human Genome Diversity Research: The Ethical Limits of "Population Thinking". Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2001 (3):S479-.score: 24.0
    This paper questions the prevailing historical understanding that scientific racism "retreated" in the 1950s when anthropology adopted the concepts and methods of population genetics and race was recognized to be a social construct and replaced by the concept of population. More accurately, a "populational" concept of race was substituted for a "typological one"-this is demonstrated by looking at the work of Theodosius Dobzhansky circa 1950. The potential for contemporary research in human population genetics to contribute to racism needs (...)
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  34. J. Cain (2002). Epistemic and Community Transition in American Evolutionary Studies: The 'Committee on Common Problems of Genetics, Paleontology, and Systematics' (1942-1949). [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 33 (2):283-313.score: 24.0
    The Committee on Common Problems of Genetics, Paleontology, and Systematics (United States National Research Council) marks part of a critical transition in American evolutionary studies. Launched in 1942 to facilitate cross-training between genetics and paleontology, the Committee was also designed to amplify paleontologist voices in modern studies of evolutionary processes. During coincidental absences of founders George Gaylord Simpson and Theodosius Dobzhansky, an opportunistic Ernst Mayr moved into the project's leadership. Mayr used the opportunity for programmatic reforms he had (...)
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  35. Douglas H. Erwin (2004). One Very Long Argument. Biology and Philosophy 19 (1):17-28.score: 24.0
    The distribution of organisms in morphologic space is clumpy. Cats are like felids, dogs are like canids and snails are (mostly) like gastropods. But cats are not like dogs and snails are not like clams. This clumpy distribution of morphology has long posed one of the greatest challenges to evolutionary biologists. Does it represent the extinction and disappearance of a oncecontinuous distribution of morphologies, clades perched on the summits of persistent selective peaks ala Sewell Wright, or a primary signature of (...)
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  36. Roberto Torretti (2010). La proliferación de los conceptos de especie en la biología evolucionista (The proliferation of species concepts in evolutionary biology). Theoria 25 (3):325-377.score: 24.0
    RESUMEN: La biología evolucionista no ha logrado definir un concepto de especie que satisfaga a todos sus colaboradores. El presente panorama crítico de las principales propuestas y sus respectivas dificultades apunta, por un lado, a ilustrar los procesos de formación de conceptos en las ciencias empíricas y, por otro, a socavar la visión parateológica del conocimiento y la verdad que inspiró inicialmente a la ciencia moderna y prevalece aún entre muchas personas educadas. El artículo se divide en dos partes. La (...)
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  37. David Depew (2001). Genetic Biotechnology and Evolutionary Theory: Some Unsolicited Advice to Rhetors. Journal of Medical Humanities 22 (1):15-28.score: 24.0
    In his book The Biotech Century Jeremy Rifkin makes arguments about the dangers of market-driven genetic biotechnology in medical and agricultural contexts. Believing that Darwinism is too compromised by a competitive ethic to resist capitalist depredations of the genetic commons, and perhaps hoping to pick up anti-Darwinian allies, he turns for support to unorthodox non-Darwinian views of evolution. The Darwinian tradition, more closely examined, contains resources that might better serve his argument. The robust tradition associated with Theodosius Dobzhansky, (...)
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  38. Sean A. Valles (2013). Validity and Utility in Biological Traits. Biological Theory 8 (1):93-102.score: 24.0
    “Trait” is a ubiquitous term in biology, but its precise meaning and theoretical foundations remain opaque. After distinguishing between “trait” and “character,” I argue for the value of adopting Theodosius Dobzhansky’s 1956 definition and framework for understanding “trait,” which holds that traits are just “semantic devices” that artificially impose order on continuous biological phenomena. I elaborate on this definition to distinguish between trait validity (compliance with Dobzhansky’s trait definition) and trait utility (usefulness of a trait). As a (...)
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  39. Georgios Steiris (2009). - “«We Engaged a Master of Philosophy Like Other Teachers»: John and Theodosius Zygomalas and Some Philosophical Discussions in the Second Half of the 16th Century”,. In Stavros Perentides & Georgios Steiris (eds.), - “«We engaged a Master of PhilIoannnes et Theodosios Zygomalas, Patriarchatus – Institutiones – Codices,. Daedalus.score: 15.0
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  40. Massimo Pigliucci (2006). Sturtevant and Dobzhansky: Two Scientists at Odds. [REVIEW] Quarterly Review of Biology 81 (3):265-266.score: 15.0
    A student recalls his experiences with two great figures of 20th century biology.
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  41. Michael Whitby (2010). Zonaras (T.M.) Banchich (Ed., Trans.), (E.N.) Lane (Trans.) The History of Zonaras. From Alexander Severus to the Death of Theodosius the Great. Pp. X + 317. London and New York: Routledge, 2009. Cased, £60, US$110. ISBN: 978-0-415-29909-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 60 (01):101-.score: 15.0
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  42. Norman H. Baynes (1948). From Constantine to Theodosius the Great André Piganiol: L' Empire Chrétien, 325–395. (Histoire Générate Fondée Par Gustave Glotz: Histoire Romaine, Tome 4, Deuxième Partie.) Pp. Xvi+446. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France,. 1947. Paper, 350 Fr. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 62 (02):86-88.score: 15.0
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  43. Wolf Liebeschuetz (2005). Religious Conflicts J. Hahn: Gewalt und religiöser Konflikt. Studien zu den Auseinandersetzungen zwischen Christen, Heiden und Juden im Osten des Römischen Reiches (von Konstantin bis Theodosius II) (Klio Beihefte, Neue Folge, 8.) Pp. 348. Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 2004. Cased, €69.80. ISBN: 3-05-003760-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 55 (02):653-.score: 15.0
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  44. T. L. Heath (1928). (1) Theodosius Tripolites. Sphaerica. Von J. L. Heiberg (Kopenhagen).(2) Theodosii de habitationibus liber, de diebus et noctibus libri duo. Edidit Dr Rudolf Fecht (Mannheim). [REVIEW] The Classical Review 42 (06):239-240.score: 15.0
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  45. Mark Humphries (2008). Errington (R.M.) Roman Imperial Policy From Julian to Theodosius. Pp. Xiv + 336. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2006. Cased, US$45. ISBN: 978-0-8078-3038-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 58 (01).score: 15.0
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  46. C. Kelly (1997). Review. Prophets and Emperors: Human and Divine Authority From Augustus to Theodosius. D Potter. The Classical Review 47 (1):123-124.score: 15.0
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  47. James F. Crow (1987). Muller, Dobzhansky, and Overdominance. Journal of the History of Biology 20 (3):351 - 380.score: 15.0
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  48. William Keith (2003). Leah Ceccarelli (2001) Shaping Science with Rhetoric: The Cases of Dobzhansky, Schrödinger, and Wilson. Argumentation 17 (1):123-126.score: 15.0
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  49. M. J. Boyd (1937). Roger A. Pack: Studies in Libanius and Antiochene Society Under Theodosius. Pp. Xii + 126. Menasha, Wisconsin: George Banta Publishing Company, 1935. Paper. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 51 (01):38-.score: 15.0
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  50. Peter J. Bryant (1971). Genetics of Evolution Genetics of the Evolutionary Process T. Dobzhansky. BioScience 21 (16):879-879.score: 15.0
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