Search results for 'Theoretical Entity' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Mohamed Elsamahi (1994). Could Theoretical Entities Save Realism? In David & Richard Hull & Burian (ed.), PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association. 173 - 180.score: 120.0
    Hacking and other entity realists suggest a strategy to build scientific realism on a stronger foundation than inference to the best explanation. They argue that if beliefs in the existence of theoretical entities are derived from experimentation rather than theories, they can escape the antirealist's criticism and provide a stronger ground for realism. In this paper, an outline and a critique of entity realism are presented. It will be argued that entity realism cannot stand as a (...)
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  2. Paweł Zeidler & Danuta Sobczyńska (1995). The Idea of Realism in the New Experimentalism and the Problem of the Existence of Theoretical Entities in Chemistry. Foundations of Science 1 (4):517-535.score: 104.0
    The paper is focused on some aspects of experimental realism of Ian Hacking, and especially on his manipulability criterion of existence. The problem is here related to chemical molecules, the objects of interest in chemical research. The authors consider whether and to what extent this criterion has been applied in experimental practice of chemistry. They argue that experimentation on is a fundamental criterion of existence of entities in chemistry rather than experimentation with. Some examples regarding studies of structures of complex (...)
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  3. Alec Hyslop (1976). Other Minds as Theoretical Entities. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 54 (August):158-61.score: 102.0
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  4. Alan N. Sussman (1975). Mental Entities of Theoretical Entities. American Philosophical Quarterly 12 (October):277-288.score: 102.0
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  5. John D. Bishop (1980). The Analogy Theory of Thinking. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 58 (September):222-238.score: 60.0
  6. Herbert Feigl (ed.) (1958). Concepts, Theories, And The Mind-Body Problem. University of Minnesota Press.score: 60.0
    PAUL OPPENHEIM and HILARY PUTNAM Unity of Science as a Working Hypothesis 1. Introduction 1.1. The expression "Unity of Science" is often encountered, ...
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  7. David Mitsuo Nixon (2010). What Would It Mean to Directly Observe Electrons? Principia 8 (1):1-18.score: 58.0
    In this paper it is argued that a proper understanding of the justification of perceptual beliefs leaves open the possibility that normal humans, unaided by microscopes, could genuinely know, by direct observation, of the existence of a theoretical entity like an electron. A particular theory of justification called perceptual responsibilism is presented. If successful, this kind of view would undercut one line of argument that has been given (for example, by Bas van Fraassen) in support of scientific anti-realism. (...)
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  8. Howard Sankey (2012). Reference, Success and Entity Realism. Kairos 5:31-42.score: 54.0
    The paper discusses the version of entity realism presented by Ian Hacking in his book, Representing and Intervening. Hacking holds that an ontological form of scientific realism, entity realism, may be defended on the basis of experimental practices which involve the manipulation of unobservable entities. There is much to be said in favour of the entity realist position that Hacking defends, especially the pragmatist orientation of his approach to realism. But there are problems with the position. The (...)
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  9. Edward MacKinnon (1972). Theoretical Entities and Metatheories. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 3 (2):105-117.score: 48.0
    This paper argues that existence claims for theoretical entities must be based on more than their role in one theory. The supplementary evidence should be either observation, whether direct or indirect, or the possibility of detaching the existence claim from one particular theory. A logical schematism for the latter type of support is developed.
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  10. John Woods (1988). Buttercups, GNP's and Quarks: Are Fallacies Theoretical Entities? Informal Logic 10 (2).score: 48.0
    Buttercups, GNP's and Quarks: Are Fallacies Theoretical Entities?
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  11. Peter Fazekas (2009). Reconsidering the Role of Bridge Laws in Inter-Theoretical Reductions. Erkenntnis 71 (3):303 - 322.score: 44.0
    The present paper surveys the three most prominent accounts in contemporary debates over how sound reduction should be executed. The classical Nagelian model of reduction derives the laws of the target-theory from the laws of the base theory plus some auxiliary premises (so-called bridge laws) connecting the entities of the target and the base theory. The functional model of reduction emphasizes the causal definitions of the target entities referring to their causal relations to base entities. The new-wave model of reduction (...)
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  12. Phillip H. Wiebe (2004). Finite Spirits as Theoretical Entities. Religious Studies 40 (3):341-350.score: 38.0
    Finite spirits can be plausibly viewed as entities postulated by a theory, comparable to the position on mental states and processes developed in the latter part of the twentieth century. This position is developed here by reference to the account in the synoptic gospels of the exorcism of the Gadarene demoniacs. The role played by specifying causal relationships between postulated entities and objects whose existence is not in doubt is examined. Also, various features of theories are discussed in relation to (...)
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  13. Bas C. Fraassen (1974). Theoretical Entities: The Five Ways. Philosophia 4 (1):95-109.score: 36.0
  14. Charles W. Harvey (1986). Husserl and the Problem of Theoretical Entities. Synthese 66 (2):291 - 309.score: 36.0
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  15. Stephen Maitzen (1995). God and Other Theoretical Entities. Topoi 14 (2):123-134.score: 36.0
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  16. T. E. Forster (2003). Reasoning About Theoretical Entities. World Scientific Pub..score: 36.0
    As such this book fills a void in the philosophical literature and presents a challenge to every would-be (anti-)reductionist.
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  17. J. J. C. Smart (1956). The Reality of Theoretical Entities. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 34 (1):1 – 12.score: 36.0
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  18. Michael Luntley (1982). Verification, Perception, and Theoretical Entities. Philosophical Quarterly 32 (128):245-261.score: 36.0
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  19. J. P. McKinney (1956). The Status of Theoretical Entities. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 34 (3):207 – 213.score: 36.0
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  20. Jerome Gellman (1982). God and Theoretical Entities: Their Cognitive Status. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 13 (3):131 - 141.score: 36.0
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  21. Grover Maxwell (1962). The Ontological Status of Theoretical Entities. In Herbert Feigl & Grover Maxwell (eds.), Scientific Explanation, Space, and Time: Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science. University of Minnesota Press. 181-192.score: 36.0
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  22. Mark Sprevak (forthcoming). Realism and Instrumentalism. In H. Pashler (ed.), The Encyclopedia of the Mind. SAGE Publications.score: 30.0
    The choice between realism and instrumentalism is at the core of concerns about how our scientific models relate to reality: Do our models aim to be literally true descriptions of reality, or is their role only as useful instruments for generating predictions? Realism about X, roughly speaking, is the claim that X exists and has its nature independent of our interests, attitudes, and beliefs. An instrumentalist about X denies this. She claims that talk of X should be understood as no (...)
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  23. Margaret Schabas (2009). Constructing "the Economy". Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (1):3-19.score: 30.0
    Economists study "The Economy," or so one might suppose. Yet this overarching entity is strikingly absent from mainstream theory. Since the 1950s, it has generally been described with a few mathematical propositions and not given a description that attends to institutions, power relations, or the emergent properties that form the leading indicators in macroeconomic theory. There is thus a significant divergence between folk economics and scientific economics on this theoretical entity. This article briefly addresses the history of (...)
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  24. Jack Wilson (1999). Biological Individuality: The Identity and Persistence of Living Entities. Cambridge University Press.score: 30.0
    What makes a biological entity an individual? Jack Wilson shows that past philosophers have failed to explicate the conditions an entity must satisfy to be a living individual. He explores the reason for this failure and explains why we should limit ourselves to examples involving real organisms rather than thought experiments. This book explores and resolves paradoxes that arise when one applies past notions of individuality to biological examples beyond the conventional range, and presents a new analysis of (...)
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  25. Bruce J. MacLennan (1995). The Investigation of Consciousness Through Phenomenology and Neuroscience. In Joseph E. King & Karl H. Pribram (eds.), Proceedings Scale in Conscious Experience: Third Appalachian Conference on Behavioral Neurodynamics. Lawrence Erlbaum. 23-43.score: 30.0
    The principal problem of consciousness is how brain processes cause subjective awareness. Since this problem involves subjectivity, ordinary scientific methods, applicable only to objective phenomena, cannot be used. Instead, by parallel application of phenomenological and scientific methods, we may establish a correspondence between the subjective and the objective. This correspondence is effected by the construction of a theoretical entity, essentially an elementary unit of consciousness, the intensity of which corresponds to electrochemical activity in a synapse. Dendritic networks correspond (...)
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  26. Charlie Huenemann, Nietzsche and the Perspective of Life.score: 30.0
    This paper is an extended version of "Valuing from life's perspective." In this paper, with the aim of explaining Nietzsche's view, I illustrate one way of making sense of a theoretical entity (called "Life"), which has values and a perspective. Then I turn to Nietzsche's perspectivism, with the hope of explaining why Life's perspective should be in any way privileged. Finally, I explain how trying to live from Life's perspective would force us to change our values - and, (...)
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  27. Anna Grear (2013). Law's Entities: Complexity, Plasticity and Justice. Jurisprudence 4 (1):76-101.score: 30.0
    This article locates a theoretical reflection on the form of legal subjectivity against twenty-first century complexities and pressures, including the structural complexities visible in biotechnological developments, new hybridities and numerous contemporary theoretical and practical manifestations of heterogeneity, multiplicity and complexity emerging in a range of disciplines, including cybernetics, techno-theory, post-humanism and ecology. The author defends the theoretical and critical utility of understanding the legal subject as an explicit (and explicitly limited ) constructus . Criticising the constructed naturalism (...)
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  28. George Bragues (2009). Adam Smith's Vision of the Ethical Manager. Journal of Business Ethics 90 (4):447 - 460.score: 30.0
    Smith's famous invocation of the invisible hand -according to which self-interest promotes the greater good — has popularly been seen as a fundamental challenge to business ethics, a field committed to the opposite premise that the public interest cannot be advanced unless economic egoism is restrained by a more socially conscious mindset, one that takes into account the legitimate needs of stakeholders and the reciprocity inherent in networked relationships. Adam Smith has been brought into the discipline to show that his (...)
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  29. Grover Maxwell (1974). Some Current Trends in Philosophy of Science: With Special Attention to Confirmation, Theoretical Entities, and Mind-Body. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1974:565 - 584.score: 30.0
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  30. Charlie Huenemann, Valuing From Life's Perspective.score: 30.0
    Nietzsche launches powerful critiques of traditional moral values on the basis of “life's perspectives and objectives.” But what does this mean? Several recent commentators have tried to provide an explanation by ascribing to Nietzsche a will-to-power metaphysic, but there are solid reasons for thinking that Nietzsche did not intend to provide any comprehensive metaphysical system. This paper explains “life's perspectives” by showing how to construct a theoretical entity (“Life”) that has a perspective and can do the philosophical work (...)
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  31. Gianpiero Cattaneo & Giuseppe Nisticò (1990). A Note on Aerts' Description of Separated Entities. Foundations of Physics 20 (1):119-132.score: 30.0
    The theoretical scheme proposed by Aerts for describing two separated entities as a whole within a question-state structure is considered. The quoted author claims that two relevant axioms characterizing quantum physics cannot hold for a quantum, nonclassical entity consisting of two quantum separate entities. We suggest that Aerts' theory is not adequate, from the empirical point of view, to describe this situation.
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  32. Kostas Gavroglu & Ana Simões (2012). From Physical Chemistry to Quantum Chemistry: How Chemists Dealt with Mathematics. Hyle 18 (1):45 - 69.score: 30.0
    Discussing the relationship of mathematics to chemistry is closely related to the emergence of physical chemistry and of quantum chemistry. We argue that, perhaps, the most significant issue that the 'mathematization of chemistry' has historically raised is not so much methodological, as it is philosophical: the discussion over the ontological status of theoretical entities which were introduced in the process. A systematic study of such an approach to the mathematization of chemistry may, perhaps, contribute to the realist/antirealist debate. To (...)
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  33. John-Michael Kuczynski (2000). Two Objections to Materialism. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 20 (2):122-139.score: 30.0
    This paper puts forth two reasons to hold that at least some mental entities are not physical entities. First argument: Some mental entities (namely, pains and other qualia) cannot possibly differ from how they seem to be, and since this cannot possibly be true of any non-mental entity, it follows that some mental entities are not physical. Second argument: It is necessarily on theoretical grounds, as opposed to strictly experiential grounds, that mental entities are identified with physical entities. (...)
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  34. Wesley C. Salmon (1970). Explanation and Relevance: Comments on James G. Greeno's 'Theoretical Entities in Statistical Explanation'. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1970:27 - 39.score: 30.0
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  35. M. Macleod (2007). Theodore Arabatzis, Representing Electrons: A Biographical Approach to Theoretical Entities, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, ISBN 0-226-02420-2 2005 (296 Pp., US$ 70.00, Cloth). [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 38 (1):226-229.score: 30.0
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  36. James G. Greeno (1970). Theoretical Entities in Statistical Explanation. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1970:3 - 26.score: 30.0
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  37. Theodore Arabatzis (2006). To Theoretical Entities, Chicago Und London (University of Chicago Press) 2006, XIV Und 295 S.; Paperback $28, 00; Cloth $70.00. Alexy, Robert (Hg.), Juristische Grundlagenforschung. Tagung der Deutschen Sektion der Internationalen Vereinigung für Rechts-Und. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science 37:443-446.score: 30.0
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  38. Andreas Bartels (2010). Explaining Referential Stability of Physics Concepts: The Semantic Embedding Approach. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 41 (2):267 - 281.score: 30.0
    The paper discusses three different ways of explaining the referential stability of concepts of physics. In order to be successful, an approach to referential stability has to provide resources to understand what constitutes the difference between the birth of a new concept with a history of its own, and an innovative step occurring within the lifetime of a persisting concept with stable reference. According to Theodore Arabatzis' 'biographical' approach (Representing Electrons 2006), the historical continuity of representations of the electron manifests (...)
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  39. James W. Cornman (1971). A Reconstruction of Berkeley: Minds and Physical Objects as Theoretical Entities. Ratio 13.score: 30.0
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  40. Jean-Paul Gaudillière (1996). Molecular Biologists, Biochemists, and Messenger RNA: The Birth of a Scientific Network. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 29 (3):417 - 445.score: 30.0
    This paper investigated the part played by collaborative practices in chaneling the work of prominent biochemists into the development of molecular biology. The RNA collaborative network that emerged in the 1960s in France encompassed a continuum of activities that linked laboratories to policy-making centers. New institutional frameworks such as the DGRST committees were instrumental in establishing new patterns of funding, and in offering arenas for multidisciplinary debates and boundary assessment. It should be stressed however, that although this collaborative network was (...)
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  41. Grover Maxwell (1999). Theoretical Entities. In Robert Klee (ed.), Scientific Inquiry: Readings in the Philosophy of Science. Oxford University Press. 30.score: 30.0
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  42. Conn We (1976). The Ontological Status of Theoretical Entities According to Wilfrid Sellars and Bernard Lonergan. Divus Thomas 79 (1-2):67-73.score: 30.0
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  43. Pawel Zeidler (2010). Is It Possible to Observe Orbitals? On the Problems of Observability and Reality of Theoretical Entities. Filozofia Nauki 18 (4):5.score: 30.0
     
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  44. G. E. Zuriff (1984). Radical Behaviorism and Theoretical Entities. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):572.score: 30.0
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  45. Gabriel Vacariu (2011). Being and the Hyperverse. Bucharest University Press.score: 28.0
    It is about the pure theoretical system of EDWs (almost without applications to any particular sciences - cognitive science, physics or biology). I constructed the conditions of the possibility for any EDWs (that exist or possible to exist) given by 13 propositions that represent the axiomatic-hyperontological framework in 13 parts. In general, these propositions refer to the abstract entities andtheir interactions. Being is the only entity that is an epistemological world. In this short book, I deal with the (...)
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  46. William J. Mckinney (1991). Experimenting on and Experimenting With: Polywater and Experimental Realism. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 42 (3):295-307.score: 26.0
    With the careful use of the polywater episode in the history of chemistry as a case study, I will show that the distinction recently made in the philosophy of science between experimenting on an entity and manipulating that entity is best seen as a distinction between experimenting on, and experimenting with, that entity. The polywater case also reveals that Ian Hacking's 1983 manipulability criterion is not a necessary condition for realism, and that scientists can, and do, justifiably (...)
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  47. Tobias Hansson Wahlberg (2009). Objects in Time: Studies of Persistence in B-Time. Dissertation, Lund Universityscore: 24.0
    This thesis is about the conceptualization of persistence of physical, middle-sized objects within the theoretical framework of the revisionary ‘B-theory’ of time. According to the B-theory, time does not flow, but is an extended and inherently directed fourth dimension along which the history of the universe is ‘laid out’ once and for all. It is a widespread view among philosophers that if we accept the B-theory, the commonsensical ‘endurance theory’ of persistence will have to be rejected. The endurance theory (...)
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  48. Neil A. Manson (2000). There is No Adequate Definition of ?Fine-Tuned for Life? Inquiry 43 (3):341 – 351.score: 24.0
    The discovery that the universe is fine-tuned for life ? a discovery to which the phrase ?the anthropic principle? is often applied ? has prompted much extra-cosmic speculation by philosophers, theologians, and theoretical physicists. Such speculation is referred to as extra-cosmic because an inference is made to the existence either of one unobservable entity that is distinct from the cosmos and any of its parts (God) or of many such entities (multiple universes). In this article a case is (...)
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  49. Jeffrey E. Brower (2011). Matter, Form, and Individuation. In Brian Davies & Eleonore Stump (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Aquinas. Oxford University Press.score: 24.0
    Few notions are more central to Aquinas’s thought than those of matter and form. Although he invokes these notions in a number of different contexts, and puts them to a number of different uses, he always assumes that in their primary or basic sense they are correlative both with each other and with the notion of a “hylomorphic compound”—that is, a compound of matter (hyle) and form (morphe). Thus, matter is an entity that can have form, form is an (...)
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  50. Robert Pierson & Richard Reiner (2008). Explanatory Warrant for Scientific Realism. Synthese 161 (2):271 - 282.score: 24.0
    Nancy Cartwright relies upon an inference pattern known as inference to the best causal explanation (IBCE) to support a limited form of entity realism, according to which we are warranted in believing in entities that purportively cause observable effects. IBCE, as usually understood, is valid, even though all other forms of inference to the best explanation (IBE) are usually understood to be invalid. We argue that IBCE and IBE are in the same boat with respect to their ability to (...)
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