Search results for 'Theresa Waynand Tobin' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Theresa Waynand Tobin (2005). The Non-Modularity of Moral Knowledge. Social Philosophy Today 21:33-50.score: 870.0
    Many contemporary human rights theorists argue that we can establish the normative universality of human rights despite extensive cultural and moral diversity by appealing to the notion of overlapping consensus. In this paper I argue that proposals to ground the universality of human rights in overlapping consensus on the list of rights are unsuccessful. I consider an example from Islamic comprehensive doctrine in order to demonstrate that apparent consensus on the list of rights may not in fact constitute meaningful agreement (...)
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  2. Theresa Weynand Tobin (2007). On Their Own Ground: Strategies of Resistance for Sunni Muslim Women. Hypatia 22 (3):152-174.score: 300.0
    : Drawing from work in feminist moral philosophy, Tobin argues that the most common methodology used in practical ethics is a questionable methodology for addressing practical problems across diverse cultural contexts because the kind of impartiality it requires is neither feasible nor desirable. She then defends an alternative methodology for practical ethics in a global context and uses her proposed methodology to evaluate a problem that confronts many Sunni Muslim women around the world.
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  3. Alison M. Jaggar & Theresa W. Tobin (2013). Situating Moral Justification: Rethinking the Mission of Moral Epistemology. Metaphilosophy 44 (4):383-408.score: 240.0
    This is the first of two companion articles drawn from a larger project, provisionally entitled Undisciplining Moral Epistemology. The overall goal is to understand how moral claims may be rationally justified in a world characterized by cultural diversity and social inequality. To show why a new approach to moral justification is needed, it is argued that several currently influential philosophical accounts of moral justification lend themselves to rationalizing the moral claims of those with more social power. The present article explains (...)
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  4. Theresa W. Tobin & Alison M. Jaggar (2013). Naturalizing Moral Justification: Rethinking the Method of Moral Epistemology. Metaphilosophy 44 (4):409-439.score: 240.0
    The companion piece to this article, “Situating Moral Justification,” challenges the idea that moral epistemology's mission is to establish a single, all-purpose reasoning strategy for moral justification because no reasoning practice can be expected to deliver authoritative moral conclusions in all social contexts. The present article argues that rethinking the mission of moral epistemology requires rethinking its method as well. Philosophers cannot learn which reasoning practices are suitable to use in particular contexts exclusively by exploring logical relations among concepts. Instead, (...)
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  5. Theresa W. Tobin (2011). Global Feminist Ethics. Edited by Rebecca Whisnant and Peggy DesAutels and Feminist Ethics and Social and Political Philosophy: Theorizing the Non-Ideal. Edited by Isa Tessman. Hypatia 26 (4):857-864.score: 240.0
  6. Theresa Tobin (2005). Assessing Moral Theories: Lessons From Feminist Philosophy of Science. In Lisa Gurley, Claudia Leeb & Anna Aloisia Moser (eds.), Feminists Contest Politics and Philosophy. Pie - Peter Lang.score: 240.0
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  7. Theresa W. Tobin (2009). Using Rights to Counter “Gender-Specific” Wrongs. Human Rights Review 10 (4):521-530.score: 240.0
    One popular strategy of opposition to practices of female genital cutting (FCG) is rooted in the global feminist movement. Arguing that women’s rights are human rights, global feminists contend that practices of FGC are a culturally specific manifestation of gender-based oppression that violates a number of rights. Many African feminists resist a women’s rights approach. They argue that by focusing on gender as the primary axis of oppression affecting the African communities where FGC occurs, a women’s rights approach has misrepresented (...)
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  8. Theresa Weynand Tobin (2010). Toward an Epistemology of Mysticism. International Philosophical Quarterly 50 (2):221-241.score: 240.0
    While some philosophers suggest that mystical experience may provide evidence for belief in God, skeptics doubt that there is adequate warrant for even accepting the claim of a mystical experience as evidence for anything, except perhaps for some kind of mental instability. Drawing from the work of Gabriel Marcel, I argue that the pervasive philosophical skepticism about the evidential status of mystical experiences is misguided because it rests on too narrow a view about ways of knowing and about what can (...)
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  9. Theresa Weynand Tobin (2011). The Relevance of Trust for Moral Justification. Social Theory and Practice 37 (4):599-628.score: 240.0
    In this paper, I argue that relationships of trust are often necessary for moral justification. Even if a moral claim is likely to be true, it may not be adequately justified, and thus may not have normative force, unless those who are to accept the claim have good reason to believe that the one entering the claim is a trustworthy moral interlocutor. The complexity of moral knowledge coupled with differences among people in moral experience, capacities for moral perception, and reasoning (...)
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  10. Theresa Weynand Tobin (2009). Taming Augustine's Monstrosity. Journal of Philosophical Research 34:345-363.score: 240.0
    In Book VI of his Confessions, Saint Augustine offers a detailed description of one of the most famous cases of weakness of will in the history of philosophy. Augustine characterizes his experience as a monstrous situation in which he both wills and does not will moral growth, but he is at odds to explain this phenomenon. In this paper, I argue that Aquinas’s action theory offers important resources for explaining Augustine’s monstrosity. On Aquinas’s schema, human acts are composed of various (...)
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  11. Theresa W. Tobin (2009). Globalizing Feminist Methodology: Building on Schwartzman's "Challenging Liberalism". Hypatia 24 (4):145 - 164.score: 240.0
    A literary criticism is presented of the book "Challenging Liberalism: Feminism As Political Critique," by Lisa Schwartzman, in response to a symposium devoted to her book. The author comments on feminist theory's criticism of liberalism and the potential for feminist methodology to address the oppression of women globally. Topics include the argument for women's rights as human rights and criticism of the women's rights movement by African scholars, as well as a discussion of the Massai tribe.
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  12. Emma Tobin (2012). The Theory of Everything? Metascience 21 (1):65-69.score: 60.0
    The theory of everything? Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-5 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9527-3 Authors Emma Tobin, Science and Technology Studies, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT UK Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  13. Emma Tobin, What Makes the Special Sciences Special – Exploring Scientific Methodology in the Special Sciences.score: 30.0
    NOESIS, Cambridge Scholarly Press, 2005.
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  14. Alexander Bird & Emma Tobin (2008). Natural Kinds. In Edward N. Zalta (ed.), Standford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 30.0
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  15. Emma Tobin, Structural Realism & the Metaphysics of Natural Kinds.score: 30.0
    This paper examines whether structural realism entails an anti-realist thesis about natural kinds. Structural Realism is the view that the scientific realist can only support a realist claim about the structure of reality rather than its objects. Ladyman (1998) (2002) & French & Ladyman (2003) motivate the claim that ontic structural realism eliminates ‘objects’ as a distinct ontological category, thereby eliminating any possibility of a metaphysical account of individual objects. This is empirically motivated by fundamental physics. Those inclined towards realism (...)
     
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  16. Emma Tobin & Alexander Bird, Natural Kinds. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 30.0
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  17. Emma Tobin (2010). Microstructuralism and Macromolecules: The Case of Moonlighting Proteins. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 12 (1):41-54.score: 30.0
    Microstructuralism in the philosophy of chemistry is the thesis that chemical kinds can be individuated in terms of their microstructural properties (Hendry in Philos Sci 73:864–875, 2006 ). Elements provide paradigmatic examples, since the atomic number should suffice to individuate the kind. In theory, Microstructuralism should also characterise higher-level chemical kinds such as molecules, compounds, and macromolecules based on their constituent atomic properties. In this paper, several microstructural theses are distinguished. An analysis of macromolecules such as moonlighting proteins suggests that (...)
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  18. Emma Tobin, Natural Kinds, Causal Relata and Causal Relations.score: 30.0
    Realist accounts of natural kinds rely on an account of causation where the relata of causal relations are real and discrete. These views about natural kinds entail very different accounts of causation. In particular, the necessity of the causal relation given the instantiation of the properties of natural kinds is more robust in the fundamental sciences (e.g. physics and chemistry) than it is in the life sciences (e.g. biology and the medical sciences). In this paper, I wish to argue that (...)
     
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  19. G. Isaac Robert, M. Herremans Irene & J. Kline Theresa (2010). Intellectual Capital Management Enablers: A Structural Equation Modeling Analysis. Journal of Business Ethics 93 (3).score: 30.0
    Appropriate enablers are essential for management of intellectual capital. Through the use of structural equation modeling, we investigate whether organic renewal environments, interactive behaviors, and trust are conducive to intellectual capital management processes, as they each depend upon the establishment of a climate emphasizing mutual respect. Owing to a lack of clarity in the literature, we tested the ordering of the variables and found statistical significance for two ordering alternatives. However, the sequence presented in this article provides the best statistical (...)
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  20. Emma Tobin, Natural Kinds & Symbiosis.score: 30.0
    Biological species are often taken as counterexamples to essentialist accounts of natural kinds. Essentialists like Ellis (2001) agree with nominalists that because biological kinds evolve, any distinctions between kinds of biological kind must ultimately be arbitrary. The resulting vagueness in the extension of natural kind predicates in the case of species has led to the claim that species ought to be construed as individuals rather than kinds (Ghiselin 1974, 1987; Hull 1976, 1978). I examine the possibility that causal features extrinsic (...)
     
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  21. Richard Tobin (1990). Ancient Perspective and Euclid's Optics. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 53:14-41.score: 30.0
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  22. Mildred K. Cho, Sara L. Tobin, Henry T. Greely, Jennifer McCormick, Angie Boyce & David Magnus (2008). Strangers at the Benchside: Research Ethics Consultation. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (3):4 – 13.score: 30.0
    Institutional ethics consultation services for biomedical scientists have begun to proliferate, especially for clinical researchers. We discuss several models of ethics consultation and describe a team-based approach used at Stanford University in the context of these models. As research ethics consultation services expand, there are many unresolved questions that need to be addressed, including what the scope, composition, and purpose of such services should be, whether core competencies for consultants can and should be defined, and how conflicts of interest should (...)
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  23. Bernadette M. Tobin (1989). An Aristotelian Theory of Moral Development. Journal of Philosophy of Education 23 (2):195–211.score: 30.0
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  24. Bernadette Tobin (2005). Australian Consequentialism: An Australian Critique. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (3):165-173.score: 30.0
  25. Deborah J. Tippins, Kenneth G. Tobin & Karl Hook (1993). Ethical Decisions at the Heart of Teaching: Making Sense From a Constructivist Perspective. Journal of Moral Education 22 (3):221-240.score: 30.0
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  26. I. H. Kerridge, C. F. C. Jordens, R. Benson, R. Clifford, R. A. Ankeny, D. Keown, B. Tobin, S. Bhattacharyya, A. Sachedina, L. S. Lehmann & B. Edgar (2010). Religious Perspectives on Embryo Donation and Research. Clinical Ethics 5 (1):35-45.score: 30.0
    The success of assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) worldwide has led to an accumulation of frozen embryos that are surplus to the reproductive needs of those for whom they were created. In these situations, couples must decide whether to discard them or donate them for scientific research or for use by other infertile couples. While legislation and regulation may limit the decisions that couples make, their decisions are often shaped by their religious beliefs. Unfortunately, health professionals, scientists and policy-makers are often (...)
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  27. Bernadette Tobin (2000). The Virtues in John Wilson's Approach to Moral Education. Journal of Moral Education 29 (3):301-311.score: 30.0
    John Wilson thinks that virtue theory does not provide a satisfactory basis on which to develop an account of moral education. In this paper I evaluate some aspects of Wilson's account of moral education from the vantage point of someone whose sense of these things has been shaped by the Aristotelian tradition. In so doing I attempt to defend virtue theory from the criticism Wilson makes of it.
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  28. Bernadette M. Tobin (1989). Richard Peters's Theory of Moral Development. Journal of Philosophy of Education 23 (1):15–27.score: 30.0
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  29. Edna Aphek & Yishai Tobin (2008). The Semiology of Cartomancy. American Journal of Semiotics 4 (1/2):73-98.score: 30.0
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  30. J. Oberlander, P. Monaghan, R. Cox, K. Stenning & R. Tobin (1999). Unnatural Language Processing. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 8 (3):363-384.score: 30.0
    Computer-based logic proofs are a form of unnatural language in which the process and structure of proof generation can be observed in considerable detail. We have been studying how students respond to multimodal logic teaching, and performance measures have already indicated that students' pre-existing cognitive styles have a significant impact on teaching outcome. Furthermore, a large corpus of proofs has been gathered via automatic logging of proof development. This paper applies a series of techniques, including corpus statistical methods, to the (...)
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  31. Bernadette M. Tobin (1986). Development in Virtues. Journal of Philosophy of Education 20 (2):201–214.score: 30.0
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  32. James Edward Tobin (1944). Dictionary of World Literature. Thought 19 (1):150-151.score: 30.0
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  33. Robert Tobin (1994). Crack Wars: Literature, Addiction, Mania (Review). Philosophy and Literature 18 (1):174-175.score: 30.0
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  34. Anthony J. Lisska & Maria Theresa (forthcoming). The Common Good in the Political Theory of Thomas Aquinas. The Thomist.score: 30.0
    This study investigates the function of the common good in the political theory of thomas aquinas. it concludes that at every point in his political theory the concept of the common good plays a significant, if not determinative role. his moderate position between collectivism and individualism recognizes that the individual lives in social relationships which include social responsibilities.
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  35. Kathleen A. Tobin (2010). Whose Civil Society?: The Politicization of Religion in Transitional Cuba. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 3 (8):76-89.score: 30.0
    For decades, the United States has supported the development of civil society in various places around the world. Promoted as integral to democracy, civil society projects have come to include religion and religious freedom as significant components. U.S. experts point to tolerance of all faiths and the presence of voluntary religious association as essential checks to state power and necessary to a free society. Because of its unique relationship with Cuba, the United States support of civil society there has addressed (...)
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  36. Ronald W. Tobin (1988). Literary France: The Making of a Culture (Review). Philosophy and Literature 12 (2):308-310.score: 30.0
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  37. Jonathan Gillis & Bernadette Tobin (2011). Bioethics Outlook. Bioethics 22 (1).score: 30.0
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  38. Akiko Hayashi, Mayumi Karasawa & Joseph Tobin (2009). The Japanese Preschool's Pedagogy of Feeling: Cultural Strategies for Supporting Young Children's Emotional Development. Ethos 37 (1):32-49.score: 30.0
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  39. Eric C. Jones, Albert J. Faas, Arthur D. Murphy, Graham A. Tobin, Linda M. Whiteford & Christopher McCarty (2013). Cross-Cultural and Site-Based Influences on Demographic, Well-Being, and Social Network Predictors of Risk Perception in Hazard and Disaster Settings in Ecuador and Mexico. Human Nature 24 (1):5-32.score: 30.0
    Although virtually all comparative research about risk perception focuses on which hazards are of concern to people in different culture groups, much can be gained by focusing on predictors of levels of risk perception in various countries and places. In this case, we examine standard and novel predictors of risk perception in seven sites among communities affected by a flood in Mexico (one site) and volcanic eruptions in Mexico (one site) and Ecuador (five sites). We conducted more than 450 interviews (...)
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  40. J. Tobin (2005). The Challenges and Ethical Dilemmas of a Military Medical Officer Serving with a Peacekeeping Operation in Regard to the Medical Care of the Local Population. Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (10):571-574.score: 30.0
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  41. Brian K. Obach & Kathleen Tobin (2014). Civic Agriculture and Community Engagement. Agriculture and Human Values 31 (2):307-322.score: 30.0
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  42. Robert Deam Tobin (2001). The Sin of Knowledge: Ancient Themes and Modern Variations (Review). Philosophy and Literature 25 (2):347-350.score: 30.0
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  43. Jane Silverthorne & Elaine M. Tobin (1987). Phytochrome Regulation of Nuclear Gene Expression. Bioessays 7 (1):18-23.score: 30.0
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  44. Henry Tobin & A. W. Logue (1991). Being Aware of Consciousness and Cultures. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (2):316-317.score: 30.0
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  45. James Edward Tobin (1945). Conversation in Clichés. Thought 20 (4):628-628.score: 30.0
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  46. James Edward Tobin (1944). English Institute Annual. Thought 19 (2):355-356.score: 30.0
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  47. Thomas J. Tobin (forthcoming). " He Made His Confession and Told All His Misdeeds": The Rise of the Internal Consciousness Between 1100 and 1500. Janus Head.score: 30.0
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  48. Emma Tobin (2005). Hacia un nuevo modelo explicativo para las ciencias especiales. Enrahonar 37:213-223.score: 30.0
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  49. Kathleen A. Tobin (2010). International Birth Control Politics: The Evolution of a Catholic Contraceptive Debate in Latin America. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 1 (2):66-80.score: 30.0
    Official Catholic opposition to contraception has long been portrayed as a stand that is based in antiquated doctrine and “out of touch” with society and its problems. In fact, Catholic arguments often have been less devoted to doctrine and more reflective of concerns for social justice and human rights. This was certainly the case in Latin America, as international birth control programs evolved in the mid to late 20th century. Programs were targeted at developing nations like those in Latin America (...)
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  50. J. E. Tobin (1946). Index to Volumes I-XX. Thought 21 (2):353-384.score: 30.0
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