24 found
Sort by:
  1. Thomas Bittner & M. Donnelly, A Temporal Mereology for Distinguishing Between Integral Objects and Portions of Stuff.
    In R. Holte and A. Howe (eds.), Proceedings of the Twenty-Second AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-07).
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Thomas Bittner (2011). Parity Cuts Both Ways: Split Brains and Extended Cognition. Teorema: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 30 (2):19-34.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Thomas Bittner (2011). Vague Size Predicates. Applied Ontology 6 (4):317-343.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Robert Hoehndorf, Colin Batchelor, Thomas Bittner, Michel Dumontier, Karen Eilbeck, Rob Knight, Chris J. Mungall, Jane S. Richardson, Jesse Stombaugh & Eric Westhof (2011). The RNA Ontology (RNAO): An Ontology for Integrating RNA Sequence and Structure Data. Applied Ontology 6 (1):53-89.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Thomas Bittner (2009). Logical Properties of Foundational Mereogeometrical Relations in Bio-Ontologies. Applied Ontology 4 (2):109-138.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Thomas Bittner & Barry Smith (2009). A Spatio-Temporal Ontology for Geographic Information Integration. International Journal for Geographical Information Science 23 (6):765-798.
    This paper presents an axiomatic formalization of a theory of top-level relations between three categories of entities: individuals, universals, and collections. We deal with a variety of relations between entities in these categories, including the sub-universal relation among universals and the parthood relation among individuals, as well as cross-categorial relations such as instantiation and membership. We show that an adequate understanding of the formal properties of such relations – in particular their behavior with respect to time – is critical for (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Maureen Donnelly & Thomas Bittner (2009). Summation Relations and Portions of Stuff. Philosophical Studies 143 (2):167 - 185.
    According to the prevalent ‘sum view’ of stuffs, each portion of stuff is a mereological sum of its subportions. The purpose of this paper is to re-examine the sum view in the light of a modal temporal mereology which distinguishes between different varieties of summation relations. While admitting David Barnett’s recent counter-example to the sum view (Barnett, Philos Rev 113:89–100, 2004), we show that there is nonetheless an important sense in which all portions of stuff are sums of their subportions. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Thomas Bittner (2008). Punishment for Criminal Attempts: A Legal Perspective on the Problem of Moral Luck. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 38 (1):pp. 51-83.
  9. Scott Woodcock, Frederick Kroon, Thomas Bittner & Peter Pagin (2008). Vulnerabilities of Morality. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 38 (1):pp. 141-159.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Thomas Bittner (2007). Consciousness: Essays From a Higher-Order Perspective - By Peter Carruthers. Philosophical Books 48 (1):84-86.
  11. Barry Smith, Anand Kumar & Thomas Bittner (2005). Basic Formal Ontology for Bioinformatics. IFOMIS Reports.
    Two senses of ‘ontology’ can be distinguished in the current literature. First is the sense favored by information scientists, who view ontologies as software implementations designed to capture in some formal way the consensus conceptualization shared by those working on information systems or databases in a given domain. [Gruber 1993] Second is the sense favored by philosophers, who regard ontologies as theories of different types of entities (objects, processes, relations, functions) [Smith 2003]. Where information systems ontologists seek to maximize reasoning (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Thomas Bittner, Maureen Donnelly & Barry Smith (2004). Endurants and Perdurants in Directly Depicting Ontologies. AI Communications 13 (4):247–258.
    We propose an ontological theory that is powerful enough to describe both complex spatio-temporal processes and the enduring entities that participate therein. For this purpose we introduce the notion a directly depicting ontology. Directly depicting ontologies are based on relatively simple languages and fall into two major categories: ontologies of type SPAN and ontologies of type SNAP. These represent two complementary perspectives on reality and employ distinct though compatible systems of categories. A SNAP (snapshot) ontology comprehends enduring entities such as (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Thomas Bittner, Maureen Donnelly & Barry Smith (2004). Individuals, Universals, Collections: On the Foundational Relations of Ontology. In Achille Varzi Laure Vieu (ed.), Formal Ontology in Information Systems. Proceedings of the Third International Conference. IOS Press. 37–48.
    This paper provides an axiomatic formalization of a theory of foundational relations between three categories of entities: individuals, universals, and collections. We deal with a variety of relations between entities in these categories, including the is-a relation among universals and the part-of relation among individuals as well as cross-category relations such as instance-of, member-of, and partition-of. We show that an adequate understanding of the formal properties of such relations – in particular their behavior with respect to time – is critical (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Thomas Bittner & Barry Smith (2004). Normalizing Medical Ontologies Using Basic Formal Ontology. In Proceedings of GMDS 2004.
    Description Logics are nowadays widely accepted as formalisms which provide reasoning facilities which allow us to discover inconsistencies in ontologies in an automatic fashion. Where ontologies are developed in modular fashion, they allow changes in one module to propogated through the system of ontologies automatically in a way which helps to maintain consistency and stability. For this feature to be utilized effectively, however, requires that domain ontologies be represented in a normalized form.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Thomas Bittner (2003). There Are No Matters of Opinion. Teaching Philosophy 26 (3):247-259.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Thomas Bittner (2003). Vague Reference and Approximating Judgements. Spatial Cognition and Computation 3 (2):137–156.
    We propose a new account of vagueness and approximation in terms of the theory of granular partitions. We distinguish different kinds of crisp and non-crisp granular partitions and we describe the relations between them, concentrating especially on spatial examples. We describe the practice whereby subjects use regular grid-like reference partitions as a means for tempering the vagueness of their judgments, and we demonstrate how the theory of reference partitions can yield a natural account of this practice, which is referred to (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Thomas Bittner & Barry Smith (2003). A Theory of Granular Partitions. In Foundations of Geographic Information Science. Taylor & Francis.
    We have a variety of different ways of dividing up, classifying, mapping, sorting and listing the objects in reality. The theory of granular partitions presented here seeks to provide a general and unified basis for understanding such phenomena in formal terms that is more realistic than existing alternatives. Our theory has two orthogonal parts: the first is a theory of classification; it provides an account of partitions as cells and subcells; the second is a theory of reference or intentionality; it (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Thomas Bittner & Barry Smith (2003). Granular Partitions and Vagueness. In Chris Welty & Barry Smith (eds.), Formal Ontology in Information Systems (FOIS). ACM Press.
    There are some who defend a view of vagueness according to which there are intrinsically vague objects or attributes in reality. Here, in contrast, we defend a view of vagueness as a semantic property of names and predicates. All entities are crisp, on this view, but there are, for each vague name, multiple portions of reality that are equally good candidates for being its referent, and, for each vague predicate, multiple classes of objects that are equally good candidates for being (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Thomas Bittner & Barry Smith (2003). Granular Spatio-Temporal Ontologies. AAAI Symposium:12-17.
    We propose an ontological theory that is powerful enough to describe both complex spatio-temporal processes (occurrents) and the enduring entities (continuants) that participate therein. The theory is divided into two major categories of sub-theories: (sub-) theories of type SPAN and (sub-)theories of type SNAP. These theories represent two complementary perspectives on reality and result in distinct though compatible systems of categories. In SNAP we have enduring entities such as substances, qualities, roles, functions; in SPAN we have perduring entities such as (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Thomas Bittner (2001). Spatial Information Theory. Foundations of Geographic Information Science. Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2205.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Thomas Bittner & Barry Smith (2001). A Taxonomy of Granular Partitions. In Spatial Information Theory. Foundations of Geographic Information Science. Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2205.
    In this paper we propose a formal theory of partitions (ways of dividing up or sorting or mapping reality) and we show how the theory can be applied in the geospatial domain. We characterize partitions at two levels: as systems of cells (theory A), and in terms of their projective relation to reality (theory B). We lay down conditions of well-formedness for partitions and we define what it means for partitions to project truly onto reality. We continue by classifying well-formed (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Thomas Bittner (1996). Chris Nunn, Awareness: What It is, What It Does Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 16 (6):426-428.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Thomas Bittner (1993). Probability and Infinite Sets. Cogito 7 (2):150-152.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation