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Thomas Nickles [69]Thomas Jacob Nickles [1]
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Profile: Thomas Nickles (University of Nevada, Reno)
  1. Thomas Nickles (forthcoming). Understanding Inconsistent Science, by Peter Vickers. Mind:fzv062.
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  2. Thomas Nickles (2014). Kuhn's Philosophical Conception of Science as Evolutionary, Social, and Epistemological. Metascience 23 (1):37-42.
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  3. Thomas Nickles (2013). The Problem of Demarcation History and Future. In Massimo Pigliucci & Maarten Boudry (eds.), Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem. University of Chicago Press. 101.
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  4. Thomas Nickles (2012). Matthew Lund . N. R. Hanson: Observation, Discovery, and Scientific Change . Amherst, NY: Humanity, 2010. Pp. 253. $26.00 (Paper). [REVIEW] Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 2 (2):364-368.
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  5. Thomas Nickles (2012). 6 Some Puzzles About Kuhn's Exemplars. In Vasō Kintē & Theodore Arabatzis (eds.), Kuhn's the Structure of Scientific Revolutions Revisited. Routledge. 112.
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  6. Thomas Nickles (2011). Karl Popper's Philosophy of Science: Rationality Without FoundationsThomas Kuhn's “Linguistic Turn” and the Legacy of Logical Empiricism: Incommensurability, Rationality, and the Search for Truth. Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 102:205-207.
    Karl Popper's Philosophy of Science: Rationality without FoundationsThomas Kuhn's “Linguistic Turn” and the Legacy of Logical Empiricism: Incommensurability, Rationality, and the Search for Truth by Stefano Gattei; Stefano Gattei.
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  7. Thomas Nickles (2010). Borrowed Knowledge and the Challenge of Learning Across Disciplines: The Case of Chaos Theory. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 101:274-276.
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  8. Thomas Nickles, Scientific Revolutions. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  9. Thomas Nickles (2009). Life at the Frontier: The Relevance of Heuristic Appraisal to Policy. [REVIEW] Axiomathes 19 (4):441-464.
    Economic competitive advantage depends on innovation, which in turn requires pushing back the frontiers of various kinds of knowledge. Although understanding how knowledge grows ought to be a central topic of epistemology, epistemologists and philosophers of science have given it insufficient attention, even deliberately shunning the topic. Traditional confirmation theory and general epistemology offer little help at the frontier, because they are mostly retrospective rather than prospective. Nor have philosophers been highly visible in the science and technology policy realm, despite (...)
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  10. Thomas Nickles (2006). Heuristic Appraisal: Context of Discovery or Justification? In Jutta Schickore & Friedrich Steinle (eds.), Revisiting Discovery and Justification. Springer. 159--182.
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  11. Thomas Nickles (2006). Problem of Demarcation. In J. Pfeifer & Sahotra Sarkar (eds.), The Philosophy of Science: An Encyclopedia. Psychology Press. 1--188.
  12. Thomas Nickles (2006). Representing Electrons: A Biographical Approach to Theoretical Entities. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 97:763-764.
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  13. Thomas Nickles (2005). Problem Reduction: Some Thoughts. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 84 (1):107-133.
    Reduction was once a central topic in philosophy of science. I claim that it remains important, especially when applied to problems and problem-solutions rather than only to large theory-complexes. Without attempting a comprehensive classification, I discuss various kinds of problem reductions and similar relations, illustrating them, inter alia, in terms of the blackbody problem and early quantization problems. Kuhn's early work is suggestive here both for structuralist theory of science and for the line I prefer to take. My central claims (...)
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  14. Thomas Nickles (2004). Review of Gary L. Hardcastle (Ed.), Alan W. Richardson (Ed.), Logical Empiricism in North America: Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, XVIII. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2004 (7).
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  15. Thomas Nickles (2004). Review: Selectivity and Discord: Two Problems of Experiment. [REVIEW] Mind 113 (450):344-347.
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  16. Thomas Nickles (2003). At the End of an Age. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 94:407-408.
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  17. Thomas Nickles (ed.) (2003). Thomas Kuhn. Cambridge University Press.
    Contemporary Philosophy in Focus offers a series of introductory volumes to many of the dominant philosophical thinkers of the current age. Thomas Kuhn (1922-1996), the author of The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, is probably the best-known and most influential historian and philosopher of science of the last 25 years, and has become something of a cultural icon. His concepts of paradigm, paradigm change and incommensurability have changed the way we think about science. This volume offers an introduction to Kuhn's life (...)
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  18. Thomas Nickles (2003). Thomas Kuhn's Legacy: Some Remarks. Social Epistemology 17 (2-3):253-258.
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  19. Thomas Nickles (2002). Scientific Laws, Principles, and Theories: A Reference Guide. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 93:172-173.
    This book is intended as a reference source of “universal scientific laws, physical principles, viable theories, and testable hypotheses” from ancient times to the present. Robert Krebs states that he includes only the physical and biological sciences, including geology, but in fact there are also several mathematical and logical entries ranging from the Greeks to Gödel. The book contains over four hundred entries, in alphabetical order, averaging less than a page each, plus a glossary of nearly four hundred technical terms. (...)
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  20. Thomas Nickles (2002). The Discovery-Justification (DJ) Distinction and Professional Philosophy of Science: Comments on the First Day's Five Papers. In Schickore J. & Steinle F. (eds.), Revisiting Discovery and Justification. Max-Planck-Institut. 67--78.
     
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  21. Thomas Nickles (2001). The Logic and Methodology of Science in Early Modern Thought: Seven Studies by Fred Wilson. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 92:775-776.
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  22. Thomas Nickles (2000). Kuhnian Puzzle Solving and Schema Theory. Philosophy of Science 67 (3):255.
    Looking at Thomas Kuhn's work from a cognitive science perspective helps to articulate and to legitimize, to some degree, his rejection of traditional views of concepts, categorization, theory structure, and rule-based problem solving. Whereas my colleagues focus on the later Kuhn of the MIT years, I study the early Kuhn as an anticipation of case-based reasoning and schema theory. These recent developments in cognitive psychology and artificial intelligence may point toward a more computational version of Kuhn's ideas, but they also (...)
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  23. Joke Meheus & Thomas Nickles (1999). Introductory Note. Foundations of Science 4 (4):373-374.
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  24. Joke Meheus & Thomas Nickles (1999). The Methodological Study of Creativity and Discovery -- Some Background. Foundations of Science 4 (3):231-235.
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  25. Kim Sterelny, John Forge, Ivan Crozier, Sverre Myhra, Randall Albury, Steve Clarke, Yvonne Luxford, David Philip Miller, Lynn K. Nyhart, Mary Chan, Richard McDonough, Peter J. Riggs, Allan Franklin, Robert Nola, David Bloor, Mark Cortiula, Thomas Nickles, David Oldroyd, Nicolas Rasmussen & William A. S. Sarjeant (1998). Reviews. [REVIEW] Metascience 7 (2):331-418.
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  26. Thomas Nickles (1997). A Multi-Pass Conception of Scientific Inquiry. Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 32:11-44.
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  27. Thomas Nickles (1997). Beauty and Revolution in Science by James W. McAllister. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 88:746-747.
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  28. Thomas Nickles (1997). Engaging Science: How to Understand Its Practices Philosophically by Joseph Rouse. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 88:379-381.
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  29. Thomas Nickles (1996). Criticism and the History of Science: Kuhn's, Lakatos's, and Feyerabend's Criticisms of Critical Rationalism by Gunnar Andersson. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 87:396-397.
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  30. Thomas Nickles (1996). Deflationary Methodology and Rationality of Science. Philosophica 58.
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  31. Thomas Nickles (1996). Methods of Discovery. Biology and Philosophy 12 (1):127-140.
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  32. Thomas Nickles (1995). Harry Collins and Trevor Pinch The Golem: What Everyone Should Know About Science. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 46 (2):261.
     
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  33. Thomas Nickles (1995). Review. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 46 (2):87-102.
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  34. Thomas Nickles (1994). Scientific Discovery: Logic and Tinkering by Aharon Kantorovich. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 85:361-362.
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  35. Thomas Nickles (1990). Discovery Logics. Philosophica 45 (1):7-32.
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  36. Thomas Nickles (1990). Relativism and Realism in Science by Robert Nola. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 81:614-615.
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  37. Thomas Nickles (1990). Social Epistemology by Steve Fuller. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 81:806-808.
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  38. Thomas Nickles (1989). Heuristic Appraisal: A Proposal. Social Epistemology 3 (3):175 – 188.
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  39. Thomas Nickles (1989). Historicism and Scientific Practice I. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 80:665-669.
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  40. Thomas Nickles (1989). Integrating the Science Studies Disciplines. In Steve Fuller (ed.), The Cognitive Turn: Sociological and Psychological Perspectives on Science. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
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  41. Thomas Nickles (1988). Questioning and Problems in Philosophy of Science: Problem-Solving Versus Directly Truth-Seeking Epistemologies. In Michel Meyer (ed.), Questions and Questioning. W. De Gruyter. 43--67.
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  42. Thomas Nickles (1988). Truth or Consequences? Generative Versus Consequential Justification in Science. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:393 - 405.
    Pure consequentialists hold that all theoretical justification derives from testing the consequences of hypotheses, while generativists maintain that reasoning (some feature of) the hypothesis from we already know is an important form of justification. The strongest form of justification (they claim) is an idealized discovery argument. In the guise of H-D methodology, consequentialism is widely supposed to have defeated generativism during the 19th century. I argue that novel prediction fails to overcome the logical weakness of consequentialism or to render generative (...)
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  43. Thomas Nickles (1987). From Natural Philosophy to Metaphilosophy of Science. In P. Achinstein & R. Kagon (eds.), Kelvin's Baltimore Lectures and Modern Theoretical Physics. Mit Press. 507--541.
     
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  44. Thomas Nickles (1987). Lakatosian Heuristics and Epistemic Support. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38 (2):181-205.
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  45. Thomas Nickles (1987). Twixt Method and Madness. In Nancy J. Nersessian (ed.), The Process of Science: Contemporary Philosophical Approaches to Understanding Scientific Practice. Distributors for the United States and Canada, Kluwer Academic Publishers.
     
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  46. Thomas Nickles (1986). Remarks on the Use of History as Evidence. Synthese 69 (2):253 - 266.
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  47. Thomas Nickles (1985). Beyond Divorce: Current Status of the Discovery Debate. Philosophy of Science 52 (2):177-206.
    Does the viability of the discovery program depend on showing either (1) that methods of generating new problem solutions, per se, have special probative weight (the per se thesis); or, (2) that the original conception of an idea is logically continuous with its justification (anti-divorce thesis)? Many writers have identified these as the key issues of the discovery debate. McLaughlin, Pera, and others recently have defended the discovery program by attacking the divorce thesis, while Laudan has attacked the discovery program (...)
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  48. Thomas Nickles (1985). Book Review:Reason and the Search for Knowledge Dudley Shapere. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 52 (2):310-.
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  49. Thomas Nickles (1984). Justification as Discoverability II. Philosophia Naturalis 21 (2/4):563-576.
     
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  50. Thomas Nickles (1984). Positive Science and Discoverability. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1984:13 - 27.
    Although seriously defective, 17th-century ideas about discovery, justification, and positive science are not as hopeless, useless, and out of date as many philosophers assume. They appear to underlie modern scientific practice. The generationist view of justification interestingly links justification with discovery issues while employing a concept of empirical support quite foreign to the modern, consequentialist concept, which identifies empirical evidence with favorable test results (predictive/explanatory success). In the generationist sense, justification amounts to potential discovery or "discoverability". A partial defense of (...)
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