Search results for 'Till Gruene-Yanoff' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Till Gruene (2004). Hansson, Sven Ove, the Structure of Values and Norms, Cambridge University Press, 2001. Economics and Philosophy 20 (2):396-403.score: 240.0
  2. Miklos Maróth, Johanna Till & Gábor Kerekes (1994). Die Araber Und Die Antike Wissenschaftstheorie: [Übersetzung Aus Dem Ungarischen von Johanna Till Und Gábor Kerekes]. Brill.score: 180.0
    The book then discusses another group of issues ("whether it is, what it is, how and why it is"), which determined the argumentation, the axiomatic ordering of the sciences, and concludes with a demonstration on the basis of concrete ...
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  3. Till Grüne-Yanoff, Till Grüne-Yanoff and Sven Ove Hansson Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm Gryne@Infra.Kth.Se.score: 164.0
    We propose to model preference change as the change of an agent’s preference state in response to the agent accepting a preference affect. The preference state of an agent is ruled by various inferential commitments. Accepting a preference affect will likely bring the preference state into inconsistency. The model shows how the preference state needs to be adjusted to restore consistency. In particular, it shows which path restoration will take, conditional on the previous preference state and the available dynamic information, (...)
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  4. Till Gruene-Yanoff, Folk Psychological Realism Without Representational Commitments - the Measurement- Theoretic Account Revisited.score: 87.0
    Standardly, mental properties like beliefs, desires, fears, etc. are analysed as relations between the agent, to whom the predicate is ascribed, and a proposition, which is the intentional content of this property. According to this relational analysis, having a thought implies having its content present to the mind. This has wide-ranging philosophical implications, e.g. for the possibility of children and animals having intentional mental properties, or for the problem of knowing one’s own thoughts. Further, according to the relational analysis, the (...)
     
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  5. James E. Till (2004). Cancer-Related Electronic Support Groups as Navigation-Aids: Overcoming Geographic Barriers. Till, James E. (2004) Cancer-Related Electronic Support Groups as Navigation-Aids.score: 60.0
    Cancer-related electronic support groups (ESGs) may be regarded as a complement to face-to-face groups when the latter are available, and as an alternative when they are not. Advantages over face-to-face groups include an absence of barriers imposed by geographic location, opportunities for anonymity that permit sensitive issues to be discussed, and opportunities to find peers online. ESGs can be especially valuable as navigation aids for those trying to find a way through the healthcare system and as a guide to the (...)
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  6. Eric M. Meslin, Heather J. Sutherland, James V. Lavery & James E. Till (1995). Principlism and the Ethical Appraisal of Clinical Trials. Bioethics 9 (4):399–418.score: 30.0
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  7. Chris Till (2013). Becoming Dislocated On Bauman's Subjective Culture. Thesis Eleven 118 (1):116-124.score: 30.0
    Three of Zygmunt Bauman’s recent books are assessed to present insights into the recent development of his thought and the challenges it poses to the social sciences, humanities and the wider public. By reading Bauman’s recent work through the influence he takes from Georg Simmel, the former’s disparate recent work is understood as an attempt at the cultivation of critical and ethical engagement through the externalization and objectification of his own subjective culture. The more radical elements of Bauman’s work are (...)
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  8. Chris Till (2013). Architects of Time Labouring on Digital Futures. Thesis Eleven 118 (1):33-47.score: 30.0
    Drawing on critical analyses of the internet inspired by Gilles Deleuze and the Marxist autonomia movement, this paper suggests a way of understanding the impact of the internet and digital culture on identity and social forms through a consideration of the relationship between controls exercised through the internet, new subjectivities constituted through its use and new labour practices enabled by it. Following Castells, we can see that the distinction between user, consumer and producer is becoming blurred and free labour is (...)
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  9. Jeremy Till (2002). Extended Review of Sandford Kwinter's' Architectures of Time: Towards a Theory of the Event in Modernist Culture'. Radical Philosophy 113:47-48.score: 30.0
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  10. H. M., Walter Till, S. A. Cook, F. E. Adcock & M. P. Charlesworth (1929). Coptica Consilio Et Impensis Instituti Rask-Oerstediani Edita. IV. Die Achmîmische Version der Zwölf Kleinen ProphetenThe Cambridge Ancient History. Volume VII: The Hellenistic Kingdoms and the Rise of RomeCoptica Consilio Et Impensis Instituti Rask-Oerstediani Edita. IV. Die Achmimische Version der Zwolf Kleinen Propheten. [REVIEW] Journal of Hellenic Studies 49:126.score: 30.0
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  11. H. J. Sutherland, E. M. Meslin & J. E. Till (1994). What's Missing From Current Clinical Trial Guidelines? A Framework for Integrating Science, Ethics, and the Community Context. Journal of Clinical Ethics 5 (4):297-303.score: 30.0
    The purpose of the work was to produce a framework to guide the development of meritorious clinical trial proposals. The framework consists of essential features of rigourous methodology, ethical acceptability, and a component referred to as "community context". These three domains were woven together in a checklist format under the headings of general, scientific and ethical considerations. Since texts concerning clinical trial methodology do not integrate ethics criteria and ethics guidelines do not provide detailed scientific criteria in obvious and practical (...)
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  12. Rudolf Till (1978). Artemis - Cicerone: Athen von Günther Wachmeier. München 1976. Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 30 (1):96-96.score: 30.0
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  13. Schneider Till (2011). Dissociating Explicit and Implicit Face Processing in the Amygdala and Fusiform Face Area with Intracranial Gamma Band Responses. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.score: 30.0
  14. Robert E. Till, Carroll D. Johnston & James J. Jenkins (1975). Effects of Orienting Tasks and Instructions About Associative Structure on Free Recall and Clustering. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 6 (4):349-351.score: 30.0
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  15. Rudolf Till (1978). Ronald Syme: Sallust. Aus dem Englischen übersetzt von Udo W. Scholz. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft Darmstadt 1975, VII, 368 pp. [REVIEW] Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 30 (4):370-371.score: 30.0
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  16. Nicholas R. Cooper, Andrew Simpson, Amy Till, Kelly Simmons & Ignazio Puzzo (2013). Beta Event-Related Desynchronization as an Index of Individual Differences in Processing Human Facial Expression: Further Investigations of Autistic Traits in Typically Developing Adults. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 30.0
  17. Eric M. Meslin, James V. Lavery, Heather J. Sutherland & James E. Till (forthcoming). Judging the Ethical Merit of Clinical Trials: What Criteria Do Research Ethics Board Members Use? Irb.score: 30.0
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  18. Re Till, Jc Bartlett & Mj Sharps (1987). Age-Differences in Memory for Orientation and Location of Repeated Pictures. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 25 (5):330-330.score: 30.0
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  19. Jeremy Till (2012). Costas Panayotakis, Remaking Scarcity: From Capitalist Inefficiency to Economic Democracy. Radical Philosophy 173:56.score: 30.0
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  20. Dietmar Till (2006). Das Doppelte Erhabene: Eine Argumentationsfigur von der Antike Bis Zum Beginn des 19. Jahrhunderts. Niemeyer.score: 30.0
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  21. Jeremy Till (2001). Eisenman's Banana', Extended Review of Andrew Benjamin's' Architectural Philosophy. Radical Philosophy 108:48-50.score: 30.0
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  22. Robert E. Till (1983). Encoding-Retrieval Interactions in Memory for Implicational Sentences. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 21 (3):171-174.score: 30.0
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  23. Annette Watson & Karen E. Till (2010). Ethnography and Participant Observation. In Dydia DeLyser (ed.), The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Geography. Sage. 121--137.score: 30.0
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  24. Roman Frigg, Stephan Hartmann & Cyrille Imbert (2009). Models and Simluations. Synthese 169 (3).score: 28.0
    Special issue. With contributions by Anouk Barberouse, Sarah Francescelli and Cyrille Imbert, Robert Batterman, Roman Frigg and Julian Reiss, Axel Gelfert, Till Grüne-Yanoff, Paul Humphreys, James Mattingly and Walter Warwick, Matthew Parker, Wendy Parker, Dirk Schlimm, and Eric Winsberg.
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  25. Mary S. Morgan & Till Grüne-Yanoff (2013). Modeling Practices in the Social and Human Sciences. An Interdisciplinary Exchange. Perspectives on Science 21 (2):143-156.score: 24.0
    Philosophers of science studying scientific practice often consider it a methodological requirement that their conceptualization of "model" closely connects with the understanding and use of models by practicing scientists. Occasionally, this connection has been explicitly made (Hutten 1954, Suppes 1961, Morgan and Morrison 1999, Bailer-Jones 2002, Lehtinen and Kuorikoski 2007, Kuorikoski 2007, Morgan 2012a). These studies have been dominated by a focus on the—relatively similar forms of—mathematical models in physics and economics. Yet it has become increasingly evident that the way (...)
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  26. Till Grüne-Yanoff (2009). Learning From Minimal Economic Models. Erkenntnis 70 (1):81 - 99.score: 24.0
    It is argued that one can learn from minimal economic models. Minimal models are models that are not similar to the real world, do not resemble some of its features, and do not adhere to accepted regularities. One learns from a model if constructing and analysing the model affects one’s confidence in hypotheses about the world. Economic models, I argue, are often assessed for their credibility. If a model is judged credible, it is considered to be a relevant possibility. Considering (...)
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  27. Till Grüne-Yanoff (2007). Bounded Rationality. Philosophy Compass 2 (3):534–563.score: 24.0
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  28. Till Grüne-yanoff (2008). Action Explanations Are Not Inherently Normative. Theoria 74 (1):60-78.score: 24.0
    "Though this be madness, yet there is method in't." Hamlet , act II, scene ii Abstract: Inherent normativity is the claim that intentional action explanations necessarily have to comply with normatively understood rationality constraints on the ascribed propositional attitudes. This paper argues against inherent normativity in three steps. First, it presents three examples of actions successfully explained with propositional attitudes, where the ascribed attitudes violate relevant rationality constraints. Second, it argues that the inference rules that systematise propositional attitudes are qualitatively (...)
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  29. Till Grüne-Yanoff (2011). Evolutionary Game Theory, Interpersonal Comparisons and Natural Selection: A Dilemma. Biology and Philosophy 26 (5):637-654.score: 24.0
    When social scientists began employing evolutionary game theory (EGT) in their disciplines, the question arose what the appropriate interpretation of the formal EGT framework would be. Social scientists have given different answer, of which I distinguish three basic kinds. I then proceed to uncover the conceptual tension between the formal framework of EGT, its application in the social sciences, and these three interpretations. First, I argue that EGT under the biological interpretation has a limited application in the social sciences, chiefly (...)
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  30. Till Grüne-Yanoff (2009). Preface to 'Economic Models as Credible Worlds or as Isolating Tools?'. Erkenntnis 70 (1):1 - 2.score: 24.0
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  31. Till Grüne-Yanoff (2014). Teaching Philosophy of Science to Scientists: Why, What and How. European Journal for Philosophy of Science 4 (1):115-134.score: 24.0
    This paper provides arguments to philosophers, scientists, administrators and students for why science students should be instructed in a mandatory, custom-designed, interdisciplinary course in the philosophy of science. The argument begins by diagnosing that most science students are taught only conventional methodology: a fixed set of methods whose justification is rarely addressed. It proceeds by identifying seven benefits that scientists incur from going beyond these conventions and from acquiring abilities to analyse and evaluate justifications of scientific methods. It concludes that (...)
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  32. Till Grüne-Yanoff (2013). Relations Between Theory and Model in Psychology and Economics. Perspectives on Science 21 (2):196-201.score: 24.0
    For Jari-Erik Nurmi, the practice of model-making in psychology is a complex process operating on different levels simultaneously. At first sight, his account seems to reflect Suppes' (1962) notion of a hierarchy of models: from low-level data models to high-level theoretical models, where at each level the model represents "structure" at a different degree of abstraction, and the levels are connected through structural isomorphism.1In this commentary, I want to complement and perhaps somewhat redirect Nurmi's analysis of his own modeling efforts—away (...)
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  33. Till Grüne-Yanoff, Credibility as a Criterion for Model Appraisal in Economics.score: 24.0
    Economists evaluate their models in terms of credibility. For example, Rothschild and Stiglitz argued from a model of a completive insurance market that under the “plausible” (632) assumption of information asymmetry, one can “credibly” infer the non-existence of equilibria in specific situations – despite the fact that, as they admit, the real ‘market … for insurance is probably not competitive’ (648).1 Another example is Richard Thaler’s column on anomalies of (micro-) economic theory. From 1987 to 2001, he headed every article (...)
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  34. Till Grüne-Yanoff (2014). Appraising Models Nonrepresentationally. Philosophy of Science 80 (5):850-861.score: 24.0
    Many scientific models lack an established representation relation to actual targets and instead refer to merely possible processes, background conditions, and results. This article shows how such models can be appraised. On the basis of the discussion of how-possibly explanations, five types of learning opportunities are distinguished. For each of these types, an example—from economics, biology, psychology, and sociology—is discussed. Contexts and purposes are identified in which the use of a model offers a genuine opportunity to learn. These learning opportunities (...)
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  35. Till Grüne-Yanoff (2011). Isolation Is Not Characteristic of Models. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 25 (2):119 - 137.score: 24.0
    Modelling cannot be characterized as isolating, nor models as isolations. This article presents three arguments to that effect, against Uskali Mäki's account of models. First, while isolation proceeds through a process of manipulation and control, modelling typically does not proceed through such a process. Rather, modellers postulate assumptions, without seeking to justify them by reference to a process of isolation. Second, while isolation identifies an isolation base?a concrete environment it seeks to control and manipulate?modelling typically does not identify such a (...)
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  36. Till Grüne-Yanoff (2009). Mismeasuring the Value of Statistical Life. Journal of Economic Methodology 16 (2):109-123.score: 24.0
    The value of a statistical life (VSL) is an important tool for cost?benefit analysis of regulatory policies that concern fatality risks. Its proponents claim that it measures people's risk preferences, and that VSL therefore is a tool of vicarious governance. This paper criticizes the revealed preference method for measuring VSL. It specifies three minimal conditions for vicarious governance: sensitivity, fairness and hypothetical compromise, and shows that the VSL measure, in its common application in policy formation and analysis, violates these conditions. (...)
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  37. Till Grüne-Yanoff (2009). The Explanatory Potential of Artificial Societies. Synthese 169 (3):539 - 555.score: 24.0
    It is often claimed that artificial society simulations contribute to the explanation of social phenomena. At the hand of a particular example, this paper argues that artificial societies often cannot provide full explanations, because their models are not or cannot be validated. Despite that, many feel that such simulations somehow contribute to our understanding. This paper tries to clarify this intuition by investigating whether artificial societies provide potential explanations. It is shown that these potential explanations, if they contribute to our (...)
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  38. Sven Ove Hansson & Till Grüne-Yanoff, Preferences. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 24.0
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  39. Till Grüne-Yanoff, Appraising Non-Representational Models.score: 24.0
    Many scientific models are non-representational in that they refer to merely possible processes, background conditions and results. The paper shows how such non-representational models can be appraised, beyond the weak role that they might play as heuristic tools. Using conceptual distinctions from the discussion of how-possibly explanations, six types of models are distinguished by their modal qualities of their background conditions, model processes and model results. For each of these types, an actual model example – drawn from economics, biology, psychology (...)
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  40. Till Grüne‐Yanoff & Paul Schweinzer (2008). The Roles of Stories in Applying Game Theory. Journal of Economic Methodology 15 (2):131-146.score: 24.0
    Game?theoretic models consist of a formal game structure and an informal model narrative or story. When game theory is employed to model economic situations, the stories play a central role in interpreting, constructing and solving game structures. We analyse the architecture of game theory and distinguish between game models and the theory proper. We present the different functions of the model narrative in the application of game models to economic situations. In particular, we show how model narratives support the choice (...)
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  41. Till Grüne-Yanoff (2006). Cognitive Economics. An Interdisciplinary Approach, Paul Bourgine and Jean-Pierre Nadal, Eds. Springer, 2004, XIV + 479 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 22 (3):448-455.score: 24.0
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  42. Till Grüne-Yanoff (2007). Proposition-Preferences and World-Preferences. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 5:147-152.score: 24.0
    This paper discusses the meaning of expressed preference statements. A holistic explanation of preferences is proposed: preference relations between propositions are explained by preference relations over worlds. Only those world-preferences function as explanans which are maximally similar to the actual world, and which are maximally similar to each other. The concept of similarity as intuitive is rejected, and is interpreted instead with reference to causal structure: 'closest to the actual world' is interpreted as compatible with the causal structure of the (...)
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  43. Till Grüne-Yanoff, Game Theory. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 24.0
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  44. Till Grüne-Yanoff (2006). John B. Davis, Alain Marciano and Jochen Runde (Eds.), The Elgar Companion to Economics and Philosophy, Edward Elgar (2004), 509+XXII Pp., Isbn 1-84064-964-X. [REVIEW] Theoria 72 (3):253-258.score: 24.0
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  45. Till Grüne-Yanoff (2011). Models as Products of Interdisciplinary Exchange: Evidence From Evolutionary Game Theory. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (2):386-397.score: 24.0
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  46. Till Grune-Yanoff (2007). 11 Why Don't You Want to Be Rich? Preference Explanation on the Basis of Causal Structure. In J. K. Campbell, M. O'Rourke & H. S. Silverstein (eds.), Causation and Explanation. Mit Press. 4--217.score: 24.0
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  47. Till Grüne-Yanoff (2013). Genuineness Resolved: A Reply to Reiss' Purported Paradox. Journal of Economic Methodology 20 (3):255 - 261.score: 24.0
    This response to Reiss ?explanatory paradox? argues that some economic models might be true, and that many economic models are not intended for providing how-actually explanations, but rather how-possibly explanations. Therefore, two assumptions of Reiss? paradox are not true, and the paradox disappears.
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  48. Till Grüne-Yanoff (2013). Preference Change and Conservatism: Comparing the Bayesian and the AGM Models of Preference Revision. Synthese 190 (14):2623-2641.score: 24.0
    Richard Bradley’s Bayesian model of preference kinematics is compared with Sven Ove Hansson’s AGM-style model of preference revision. Both seek to model the revision of preference orders as a consequence of retaining consistency when some preferences change. Both models are often interpreted normatively, as giving advice on how an agent should revise her preferences. I raise four criticisms of the Bayesian model: it is unrealistic; it neglects an important change mechanism; it disregards endogenous information relevant to preference change, in particular (...)
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  49. Till Grüne-Yanoff (2004). Review of The Structure of Values and Norms, by SO Hansson. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 20 (2):396-403.score: 24.0
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  50. Till Grüne-Yanoff & Holger Rosencrantz (2011). Beneficial Safety Decreases. Theory and Decision 70 (2):195-213.score: 24.0
    We construct a model of rational choice under risk with biased risk judgement. On its basis, we argue that sometimes, a regulator aiming at maximising social welfare should affect the environment in such a way that it becomes ‘less safe’ in common perception. More specifically, we introduce a bias into each agent’s choice of optimal risk levels: consequently, in certain environments, agents choose a behaviour that realises higher risks than intended. Individuals incur a welfare loss through this bias. We show (...)
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