Search results for 'Tim Stevens' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: Tim Stevens (King's College London)
  1. Tim Stevens (2013). Information Warfare: A Response to Taddeo. Philosophy and Technology 26 (2):221-225.
    Taddeo’s recent article, ‘Information Warfare: A Philosophical Perspective’ (Philos. Technol. 25:105–120, 2012) is a useful addition to the literature on information communications technologies (ICTs) and warfare. In this short response, I draw attention to two issues arising from the article. The first concerns the applicability of ‘information warfare’ terminology to current political and military discourse, on account of its relative lack of contemporary usage. The second engages with the political and ethical implications of treating ICT environments as a ‘domain’, with (...)
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  2. Lyn Ellett, Rhani Allen-Crooks, Adele Stevens, Tim Wildschut & Paul Chadwick (2013). A Paradigm for the Study of Paranoia in the General Population: The Prisoner's Dilemma Game. Cognition and Emotion 27 (1):53-62.
  3.  11
    Joseph N. Riddel & Wallace Stevens (1966). The Clairvoyant Eye: The Poetry and Poetics of Wallace Stevens. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 25 (1):109-111.
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  4. Robert Stevens (2007). Torts and Rights. Oxford University Press Uk.
    The law of torts is concerned with the secondary obligations generated by the infringement of primary rights. This work seeks to show that this apparently simple proposition enables us to understand the law of torts as found in the common law. Using primarily English materials, but drawing heavily upon the law of other common law jurisdictions, Stevens seeks to give an account of the law of torts which relies upon the core material familiar to most students and practitioners with (...)
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  5. Jacqueline Stevens (2009). States Without Nations: Citizenship for Mortals. Columbia University Press.
    As citizens, we hold certain truths to be self-evident: that the rights to own land, marry, inherit property, and especially to assume birthright citizenship should be guaranteed by the state. The laws promoting these rights appear not only to preserve our liberty but to guarantee society remains just. Yet considering how much violence and inequality results from these legal mandates, Jacqueline Stevens asks whether we might be making the wrong assumptions. Would a world without such laws be more just? (...)
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  6.  35
    Graham Stevens (2012). The Scope of Logical Atomism. Metascience 21 (2):331-335.
    The scope of logical atomism Content Type Journal Article Category Essay Review Pages 1-5 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9602-9 Authors Graham Stevens, Department of Philosophy, University of Manchester, Arthur Lewis Building, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PL UK Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  7.  2
    Charles F. Stevens (1996). The Six Core Theories of Modern Physics. A Bradford Book.
    " -- Dr. Daniel Gardner, Cornell University Medical College Charles Stevens, a prominent neurobiologist who originally trained as a biophysicist (with George Uhlenbeck and Mark Kac), wrote this book almost by accident.
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  8.  10
    Morton J. Frisch & Richard G. Stevens (eds.) (2010). American Political Thought: The Philosophic Dimension of American Statesmanship. Transaction Publishers.
    This book focuses on the political thought of American statesmen. These statesmen have had consistent and comprehensive views of the good of the country and their actions have been informed by those views. The editors argue that political life in America has been punctuated by three great crises in its history-the crisis of the Founding, the crisis of the House Divided, and the crisis of the Great Depression. The Second World War was a crisis not just for America but for (...)
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  9.  3
    Edward Stevens (1997). Developing Moral Imagination: Case Studies in Practical Morality. Sheed & Ward.
    The issues may change with the passing of the years, but the categories of concern change very little: sexuality and the sexes; medical decision-making; justice for the poor, the powerless, the underclass; reproductive decision-making; moral decision-making in business; and personal moral choices. Stevens attempts to present alternative positions on hotly debated new moral issues from a different standpoint, using an ethical pluralism approach. In doing this, he hopes to help readers arrive at their own non-polarized positions by learning from (...)
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  10. Richard G. Stevens (2010). Political Philosophy: An Introduction. Cambridge University Press.
    This book by Richard G. Stevens is a comprehensive introduction to the nature of political philosophy. It offers definitions of philosophy and politics, showing the tension between the two and the origin of political philosophy as a means of resolution of that tension. Plato and Aristotle are examined in order to see the search for the best political order. Inquiry is then made into political philosophy's new tension brought about by the growth of revealed religion in the Middle Ages. (...)
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  11. Richard G. Stevens (2010). Political Philosophy: An Introduction. Cambridge University Press.
    This book by Richard G. Stevens is a comprehensive introduction to the nature of political philosophy. It offers definitions of philosophy and politics, showing the tension between the two and the origin of political philosophy as a means of resolution of that tension. Plato and Aristotle are examined in order to see the search for the best political order. Inquiry is then made into political philosophy's new tension brought about by the growth of revealed religion in the Middle Ages. (...)
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  12.  1
    Jacqueline Stevens (2011). States Without Nations: Citizenship for Mortals. Cup.
    As citizens, we hold certain truths to be self-evident: that the rights to own land, marry, inherit property, and especially to assume birthright citizenship should be guaranteed by the state. The laws promoting these rights appear not only to preserve our liberty but to guarantee society remains just. Yet considering how much violence and inequality results from these legal mandates, Jacqueline Stevens asks whether we might be making the wrong assumptions. Would a world without such laws be more just? (...)
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  13. Robert Stevens (2009). Torts and Rights. Oxford University Press Uk.
    The law of torts is concerned with the secondary obligations generated by the infringement of primary rights. This work seeks to show that this apparently simple proposition enables us to understand the law of torts as found in the common law. Using primarily English materials, but drawing heavily upon the law of other common law jurisdictions, Stevens seeks to give an account of the law of torts which relies upon the core material familiar to most students and practitioners with (...)
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  14. Betsy Stevens (2008). Corporate Ethical Codes: Effective Instruments for Influencing Behavior. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 78 (4):601 - 609.
    This paper reviews studies of corporate ethical codes published since 2000 and concludes that codes be can effective instruments for shaping ethical behavior and guiding employee decision-making. Culture and effective communication are key components to a code’s success. If codes are embedded in the culture and embraced by the leaders, they are likely to be successful. Communicating the code’s precepts in an effective way is crucial to its success. Discussion between employees and management is a key component of successful ethical (...)
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  15.  27
    Jeaneen M. Kidwell, Robert E. Stevens & Art L. Bethke (1987). Differences in Ethical Perceptions Between Male and Female Managers: Myth or Reality? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 6 (6):489 - 493.
    This study sought to identify whether or not differences exist between the ethical decisions of male and female managers; and, if they do exist, to identify the areas in which differences occurred. An additional evaluation was conducted to determine how each perceived their counterpart would respond to the same ethical decision making situations.Data were collected from 50 male managers and 50 female managers by means of a self-administered questionnaire. Distinctive demographic characteristics were noted among the segments.
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  16. G. Underwood & R. Stevens (eds.) (1982). Aspects of Consciousness: Volume 3, Awareness and Self-Awareness. Academic Press.
  17. Geoffrey Underwood & Robin Stevens (eds.) (1979). Aspects of Consciousness. Academic Press.
    v. 1. Psychological issues.--v. 2. Structural issues.--v. 3. Awareness and self-awareness.--v. 4. Clinical issues.
     
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  18.  56
    Betsy Stevens (1994). An Analysis of Corporate Ethical Code Studies: “Where Do We Go From Here?”. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 13 (1):63 - 69.
    The dramatic increase in the number of corporate ethical codes over the past 20 years has been attributed to the Watergate scandal and the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. Ethical codes differ somewhat from profesional codes and mission statements; yet the terms are frequently interchanged and often confused in the literature. Ethical code studies are reviewed in terms of how codes are communicated to employees and whether implications for violating codes are discussed. Most studies use content analysis to determine subjects in (...)
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  19.  36
    Gail Eynon, Nancy Thorley Hills & Kevin T. Stevens (1997). Factors That Influence the Moral Reasoning Abilities of Accountants: Implications for Universities and the Profession. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (12-13):1297-1309.
    The need to maintain the public trust in the integrity of the accounting profession has led to increased interest in research that examines the moral reasoning abilities (MRA) of Certified Public Accountants (CPAs). This study examines the MRA of CPAs practicing in small firms or as sole practitioners and the factors that affect MRA throughout their working careers.The results indicate that small-firm accounting practitioners exhibit lower MRA than expected for professionals and that age, gender and socio-political beliefs affect the moral (...)
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  20.  39
    Betsy Stevens (1999). Communicating Ethical Values: A Study of Employee Perceptions. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 20 (2):113 - 120.
    Communicating ethical values is a serious issue for a number of organizations. While ethical codes are useful, they cannot exist alone. Organizations must make certain codes reflect the ideals of individuals in the organization and the ethical expectations must be clearly communicated. This study examined the sources (people) and channels (ways messages were received) that affected how employees learned about ethics. Results showed that training and orientation programs were affirmed as sources of learning along with teaching others. Codes and handbooks (...)
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  21.  73
    Graham Stevens (2005). The Russellian Origins of Analytical Philosophy: Bertrand Russell and the Unity of the Proposition. Routledge.
    This monograph offers a reappraisal of the role of Bertrand Russell's philosophical works in establishing the analytical tradition in philosophy. It's main aims are to improve our understanding of the history of analytical philosophy, to engage in the important disputes surrounding the interpretation of Russell's philosophy, and to make a contribution to central issues in current analytical philosophy. Hence, this book will find a place on the bookshelf of many philosophers across the world.
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  22.  6
    B. Stevens (2004). The Ethics of the US Business Executive: A Study of Perceptions. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 54 (2):163 - 171.
    Gallup Polls have reported on the perceived ethics of various professions in the US since 1976. Clergymen and pharmacists were consistently identified as two of the most ethical professionals in the 1980''s and 1990''s. Business executives have not fared well in these polls and have not been rated among the top ten most ethical professions in any of the years the poll was taken. Ethical codes have not done much to belay the perception that the US business executive is not (...)
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  23. G. Underwood & R. Stevens (eds.) (1981). Aspects of Consciousness: Volume 2, Structural Issues. Academic Press.
  24. Thomas S. Smith & Gregory T. Stevens (1996). Emergence, Self-Organization, and Social Interaction: Arousal-Dependent Structure in Social Systems. Sociological Theory 14 (2):131-153.
    The understanding of emergent, self-organizing phenomena has been immensely deepened in recent years on the basis of simulation-based theoretical research. We discuss these new ideas, and illustrate them using examples from several fields. Our discussion serves to introduce equivalent self-organized phenomena in social interaction. Interaction systems appear to be structured partly by virtue of such emergents. These appear under specific conditions: When cognitive buffering is inadequate relative to the levels of stress persons are subjected to, anxiety-spreading has the potential of (...)
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  25.  56
    Graham Stevens (2009). Utterance at a Distance. Philosophical Studies 143 (2):213 - 221.
    In this paper I defend Kaplan’s claim that the sentence “I am here now” is logically true. A number of counter-examples to the claim have been proposed, including occurrences of the sentence in answerphone messages, written notes left for later decoding, etc. These counter-examples are only convincing if they can be shown to be cases where the correct context with respect to which the utterance should be evaluated is the context in which it is decoded rather than encoded. I argue (...)
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  26.  36
    Betsy Stevens (2001). Hospitality Ethics: Responses From Human Resource Directors and Students to Seven Ethical Scenarios. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 30 (3):233 - 242.
    This study examines the responses of human resource directors and hospitality students to seven different ethical scenarios. Both groups were asked to rate these situations on their ethicality using a Likert-type scale. The directors and students decided that an act of theft was the most unethical, followed by sexual harassment, and an attempt to obtain proprietary information from another company. Expressing racial preferences in terms of servers was fourth. Directors rated all the scenarios ethically lower than did students, indicating that (...)
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  27. S. S. Stevens (1936). Psychology: The Propaedeutic Science. Philosophy of Science 3 (1):90-103.
  28.  9
    Robert E. Stevens, O. Jeff Harris & Stan Williamson (1993). A Comparison of Ethical Evaluations of Business School Faculty and Students: A Pilot Study. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 12 (8):611 - 619.
    This paper reports the results of a pilot study of differences in ethical evaluations between business faculty and students at a Southern university. Data were collected from 137 business students (46 freshmen and 67 seniors) and 34 business faculty members. Significant differences were found in 7 of the 30 situations between freshmen and faculty and four situations between seniors and faculty. When the combined means for each group were tested, there was no significant difference in the means at the 0.05 (...)
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  29. Graham Stevens (2008). Russell and the Unity of the Proposition. Philosophy Compass 3 (3):491–506.
    In this article I present a summary of Bertrand Russell's protracted attempts to solve the problem of the unity of the proposition, and explain the significance of the problem for Russell's philosophy. Unlike many other accounts which take the problem to be confined to Russell's early theories of propositional content, I argue that the problem (or variants of it) is a recurring theme throughout the whole of Russell's career.
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  30.  94
    Thomas S. Smith & Gregory T. Stevens (2002). Hyperstructures and the Biology of Interpersonal Dependence: Rethinking Reciprocity and Altruism. Sociological Theory 20 (1):106-130.
    Fluctuations in endogenous opioid activity in the brain, controlled under ordinary conditions by attachment, are capable of producing patterns of dependence in social behavior resembling those appearing in substance abusers. Withdrawal symptoms arising in relation to these fluctuations, short of producing dependence, ordinarily fuel everyday social interaction, and interaction then serves to modulate opioid activity within a range associated with comfort. Comfort-constraints in this sense operate in all settings of social interaction, part of an innate caregiving mechanism conserved by evolution (...)
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  31.  50
    Graham Stevens (2006). Russell's Repsychologising of the Proposition. Synthese 151 (1):99 - 124.
    Bertrand Russell’s 1903 masterpiece The Principles of Mathematics places great emphasis on the need to separate propositions from psychological items such as thoughts. In 1919 (and until the end of his career) Russell explicitly retracts this view, however, and defines propositions as “psychological occurrences”. These psychological occurrences are held by Russell to be mental images. In this paper, I seek to explain this radical change of heart. I argue that Russell’s re-psychologising of the proposition in 1919 can only be understood (...)
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  32.  5
    Adrien Barton, Shabnam Mousavi & Jeffrey R. Stevens (2007). A Statistical Taxonomy and Another “Chance” for Natural Frequencies. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (3):255-256.
    The conclusions of Barbey & Sloman (B&S) crucially depend on evidence for different representations of statistical information. Unfortunately, a muddled distinction made among these representations calls into question the authors' conclusions. We clarify some notions of statistical representations which are often confused in the literature. These clarifications, combined with new empirical evidence, do not support a dual-process model of judgment.
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  33.  56
    H. C. Stevens (1913). A Peculiar Collective Illusion. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 10 (5):130-132.
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  34.  26
    Robert Stevens (1988). Coercive Offers. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 66 (1):83 – 95.
  35.  9
    E. M. Stevens (1886). First Notions of the Unseen in a Child. Mind 11 (41):149-152.
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  36.  30
    Lewis T. Stevens (1886). On the Time-Sense. Mind 11 (43):393-404.
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  37.  56
    Jacqueline Stevens (1996). The Reasonableness of John Locke's Majority: Property Rights, Consent, and Resistance in the Second Treatise. Political Theory 24 (3):423-463.
  38.  19
    Catherine Stevens & Cyril Latimer (1992). A Comparison of Connectionist Models of Music Recognition and Human Performance. Minds and Machines 2 (4):379-400.
    Current artificial neural network or connectionist models of music cognition embody feature-extraction and feature-weighting principles. This paper reports two experiments which seek evidence for similar processes mediating recognition of short musical compositions by musically trained and untrained listeners. The experiments are cast within a pattern recognition framework based on the vision-audition analogue wherein music is considered an auditory pattern consisting of local and global features. Local features such as inter-note interval, and global features such as melodic contour, are derived from (...)
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  39.  37
    Jacqueline Stevens (2003). On the Morals of Genealogy. Political Theory 31 (4):558-588.
    The article describes how an intellectual community of those following French trends in the academy have, for the past forty years, been offering a mistaken reading of Friedrich Nietzsche's concept of genealogy. The essay shows how Nietzsche mocks moral psychologists by calling them genealogists, contrasts Nietzsche's work with that of genealogists, and then documents how subsequent academics, encouraged by the work of Gilles Deleuze and, in turn, Michel Foucault, created a revaluation of genealogy's meaning, thereby fetishizing their own scholarly authority.
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  40.  36
    Graham Stevens (2005). Eliminating Racism: Dummett's on Immigration and Refugees and the Philosophy of Language. Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (3):275–287.
    abstract This paper examines a claim made by Michael Dummett in his recent book On Immigration and Refugees that the feeling of racism can be removed by the creation of a social climate in which the expression of that feeling is disreputable. I suggest that Dummett's claim can be better appreciated if viewed in the light of some guiding principles of his project in the philosophy of language. With these principles in place, I argue that they provide convincing support for (...)
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  41.  25
    Kenneth N. Stevens (2000). Recognition of Continuous Speech Requires Top-Down Processing. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):348-348.
    The proposition that feedback is never necessary in speech recognition is examined for utterances consisting of sequences of words. In running speech the features near word boundaries are often modified according to language-dependent rules. Application of these rules during word recognition requires top-down processing. Because isolated words are not usually modified by rules, their recognition could be achieved by bottom-up processing only.
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  42.  1
    D. Stevens (1999). The Case of the Chingford Skinhead: John White on Education and Special Obligations Between Fellow Nationals. Journal of Philosophy of Education 33 (3):353–370.
  43.  2
    Peter Stevens (1976). Ideology and Schooling. Educational Philosophy and Theory 8 (2):29–41.
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  44.  22
    Nils Straubinger, Edward T. Cokely & Jeffrey R. Stevens (2009). The Dynamics of Development: Challenges for Bayesian Rationality. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (1):103-104.
    Oaksford & Chater (O&C) focus on patterns of typical adult reasoning from a probabilistic perspective. We discuss implications of extending the probabilistic approach to lifespan development, considering the role of working memory, strategy use, and expertise. Explaining variations in human reasoning poses a challenge to Bayesian rational analysis, as it requires integrating knowledge about cognitive processes.
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  45.  19
    Stanley Martens & Kevin Stevens (1994). The Fasb's Cost/Benefit Constraint in Theory and Practice. Journal of Business Ethics 13 (3):171 - 179.
    The FASB in its Conceptual Framework has set high principles in the ethics of standard-setting in accounting. This paper concentrates on what the FASB calls the cost/benefit constraint, i.e., the commitment to setting an accounting standard only when the benefits of the standard exceeds the costs of that standard toall stakeholders. This constraint is supposed to take precedence over other concerns, such as neutrality (freedom from bias) of account information.The major conclusion of this paper is that a conflict exists between (...)
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  46.  6
    Paul Stevens (1978). On the Nuffield Philosophy of Science. Journal of Philosophy of Education 12 (1):99–111.
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  47.  5
    John C. Stevens (1984). Must the Bearer of a Right Have the Concept of That to Which He has a Right? Ethics 95 (1):68-74.
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  48.  14
    Edward Stevens (1977). Inquiry and the Good Society: The Experimentalism of E. A. Singer. Journal of the History of Philosophy 15 (1):71-81.
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  49.  14
    John C. Stevens (1978). Unknown Faculties and Descartes's First Proof of the Existence of God. Journal of the History of Philosophy 16 (3):334-338.
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  50.  3
    Peter Clarke Nancy Hill & Kevin Stevens (1996). FOCUS: Ethics in the Accountancy Profession in Ireland. Business Ethics 5 (3):151–155.
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