52 found
Order:
Disambiguations:
Tim Thornton [49]Timothy Thornton [3]
See also:
Profile: Tim Thornton (University of Central Lancashire)
  1.  50
    Tim Thornton, Against Explanatory Minimalism in Psychiatry.
    The idea that psychiatry contains, in principle, a series of levels of explanation has been criticised both as empirically false but also, by Campbell, as unintelligible because it presupposes a discredited pre-Humean view of causation. Campbell’s criticism is based on an interventionist-inspired denial that mechanisms and rational connections underpin physical and mental causation respectively and hence underpin levels of explanation. These claims echo some superficially similar remarks in Wittgenstein’s Zettel. But attention to the context of Wittgenstein’s remarks suggests a reason (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2. Tim Thornton, Does Understanding Individuals Require Idiographic Judgement?
    Idiographic understanding has been proposed as a response to concern that criteriological diagnosis cannot capture the nature of human individuality. It can seem that understanding individuals requires, instead, a distinct form of ‘individualised’ judgement and this claim receives endorsement by the inventor of the term ‘idiographic’, Wilhelm Windelband. I argue, however, that none of the options for specifying a model of individualised judgement, to explain what idiographic judgement might be, will work. I suggest, at the end, that narrative, rather than (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3. Tim Thornton & Peter Lucas (2011). On the Very Idea of a Recovery Model for Mental Health. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (1):24-28.
    The recovery model has been put forward as a rival to the biomedical model in mental healthcare. It has also been invoked in debate about public policy for individual and community mental health and the broader goal of social inclusion. But this broader use threatens its status as a genuine model, distinct from others such as the biomedical model. This paper sets out to articulate, although not to defend, a distinct recovery model based on the idea that mental health is (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4. Tim Thornton (2011). Radical Liberal Values‐Based Practice. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (5):988-991.
    Values based practice is a radical view of the place of values in medicine which develops from a philosophical analysis of values, illness and the role of ethical principles. It denies two attractive and traditional views of medicine: that diagnosis is a merely factual matter and that the values that should guide treatment and management can be codified in principles. But it goes further in the adoption of a radical liberal view: that right or good outcome should be replaced by (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  5.  20
    Tim Thornton, Values Based Practice and Authoritarianism.
    Values based practice is a radical view of the place of values in medicine which develops from a philosophical analysis of values, illness and the role of ethical principles. It denies two attractive and traditional but misguided views of medicine: that diagnosis is a merely factual matter and that the values that should guide treatment and management can be codified in principles. But, in the work of KWM Fulford, it goes further in the form of a radical liberal view: that (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6. Gloria Ayob & Tim Thornton (2014). Psychopathy: What Apology Making Tells Us About Moral Agency. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 35 (1):17-29.
    Psychopathy is often used to settle disputes about the nature of moral judgment. The “trolley problem” is a familiar scenario in which psychopathy is used as a test case. Where a convergence in response to the trolley problem is registered between psychopathic subjects and non-psychopathic subjects, it is assumed that this convergence indicates that the capacity for making moral judgments is unimpaired in psychopathy. This, in turn, is taken to have implications for the dispute between motivation internalists and motivation externalists, (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7. Tim Thornton (2004). John Mcdowell. Routledge.
    John McDowell's contribution to philosophy has ranged across Greek philosophy, philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, metaphysics and ethics. His writings have drawn on the works of, amongst others, Aristotle, Kant, Hegel, Frege, Russell, Wittgenstein, Sellars, and Davidson. His contributions have made him one of the most widely read, discussed and challenging philosophers writing today. This book provides a careful account of the main claims that McDowell advances in a number of different areas of philosophy. The interconnections between the different (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   10 citations  
  8.  62
    Tim Thornton (2007). Essential Philosophy of Psychiatry. Oxford University Press.
    Essential Philosophy of Psychiatry is a concise introduction to the growing field of philosophy of psychiatry. Divided into three main aspects of psychiatric clinical judgement, values, meanings and facts, it examines the key debates about mental health care, and the philosophical ideas and tools needed to assess those debates, in six chapters. In addition to outlining the state of play, Essential Philosophy of Psychiatry presents a coherent and unified approach across the different debates, characterized by a rejection of reductionism and (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  9. Bill Fulford, Tim Thornton & George Graham (2006). Oxford Textbook of Philosophy and Psychiatry. OUP Oxford.
    Psychiatry is unique in medicine in being on the border between science and the humanities. Science provides insight into the 'causes' of a problem, enabling us to formulate an 'explanation', while the humanities provide insight into its 'meanings' and helps with our 'understanding'. The new interdisciplinary field of 'philosophy of psychiatry' has developed to explore the range of issues relevant to this border country. The Oxford Textbook of Philosophy and Psychiatry is a unique textbook which provides a detailed introduction to (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  10.  19
    Tim Thornton (2010). Clinical Judgement, Expertise and Skilled Coping. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (2):284-291.
    Medicine involves specific practical expertise as well as more general context-independent medical knowledge. This raises the question, what is the nature of the expertise involved? Is there a model of clinical judgement or understanding that can accommodate both elements? This paper begins with a summary of a published account of the kinds of situation-specific skill found in anaesthesia. It authors claim that such skills are often neglected because of a prejudice in favour of the ‘technical rationality’ exemplified in evidence-based medicine (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  11.  75
    Tim Thornton (2008). Why the Idea of Framework Propositions Cannot Contribute to an Understanding of Delusions. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (2):159-175.
    One of the tasks that recent philosophy of psychiatry has taken upon itself is to extend the range of understanding to some of those aspects of psychopathology that Jaspers deemed beyond its limits. Given the fundamental difficulties of offering a literal interpretation of the contents of primary delusions, a number of alternative strategies have been put forward including regarding them as abnormal versions of framework propositions described by Wittgenstein in On Certainty. But although framework propositions share some of the apparent (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  12.  48
    Tim Thornton (2010). Psychiatric Explanation and Understanding. European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 6 (1):95-111.
    Jaspers’s binary distinction between understanding and explanation has given way first to a proliferation of explanatory levels and now, in John Campbell’s recent work, to a conception of explanation with no distinct levels of explanation and no inbuilt rationality requirement. I argue that there is still a role for understanding in psychiatry and that is to demystify the assumption that the states it concerns are mental. This role can be fulfilled by placing rationality at the heart of understanding without a (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13.  66
    Tim Thornton (2002). Thought Insertion, Cognitivism, and Inner Space. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry.
    Introduction. Whatever its underlying causes, even the description of the phenomenon of thought insertion, of the content of the delusion, presents difficulty. It may seem that the best hope of a description comes from a broadly cognitivist approach to the mind which construes content-laden mental states as internal mental representations within what is literally an inner space: the space of the brain or nervous system. Such an approach objectifies thoughts in a way which might seem to hold out the prospect (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  14. Neil Gascoigne & Tim Thornton (2013). Tacit Knowledge. Routledge.
    Tacit knowledge is the form of implicit knowledge that we rely on for learning. It is invoked in a wide range of intellectual inquiries, from traditional academic subjects to more pragmatically orientated investigations into the nature and transmission of skills and expertise. Notwithstanding its apparent pervasiveness, the notion of tacit knowledge is a complex and puzzling one. What is its status as knowledge? What is its relation to explicit knowledge? What does it mean to say that knowledge is tacit? Can (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  15.  2
    Tim Thornton (2006). Tacit Knowledge as the Unifying Factor in Evidence Based Medicine and Clinical Judgement. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 1 (1):2.
    The paper outlines the role that tacit knowledge plays in what might seem to be an area of knowledge that can be made fully explicit or codified and which forms a central element of Evidence Based Medicine. Appeal to the role the role of tacit knowledge in science provides a way to unify the tripartite definition of Evidence Based Medicine given by Sackett et al: the integration of best research evidence with clinical expertise and patient values. Each of these three (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  16.  45
    Tim Thornton (2004). Wittgenstein and the Limits of Empathic Understanding in Psychopathology. International Review of Psychiatry.
    Summary The aim of this paper is three-fold. Firstly, to briefly set out how strategic choices made about theorising about intentionality or content have actions at a distance for accounting for delusion. Secondly, to investigate how successfully a general difficulty facing a broadly interpretative approach to delusions might be eased by the application of any of three Wittgensteinian interpretative tools. Thirdly, to draw a general moral about how the later Wittgenstein gives more reason to be pessimistic than optimistic about the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  17.  12
    Tim Thornton (1999). Opposition Drama and the Resolution of Disputes in Early Tudor England: Cardinal Wolsey and the Abbot of Chester. Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 81 (1):25-47.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18.  76
    Tim Thornton (2003). Psychopathology and Two Kinds of Narrative Accounts of the Self. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 10 (4):361-368.
  19.  60
    Tim Thornton (2011). Capacity, Mental Mechanisms, and Unwise Decisions. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (2):127-132.
    The notion of capacity implicit in the Mental Capacity Act is subject to a tension between two claims. On the one hand, capacity is assessed relative to a particular decision. It is the capacity to make one kind of judgement, specifically, rather than another. So one can have capacity in one area and not have it in another. On the other hand, capacity is supposed to be independent of the ‘wisdom’ or otherwise of the decision made. (‘A person is not (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20.  73
    Tim Thornton (1997). Reasons and Causes in Philosophy and Psychopathology. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 4 (4):307-317.
    This paper examines the account offered by Bolton and Hill (1996) of how reasons can be causes, and thus how symptoms of mental disorders can be both caused and carry meaning. The central problem is to reconcile the causal and rationalizing powers of content-laden mental states. I draw out these two aspects by putting them in the context of recent work in analytical philosophy, including Davidson's token identity theory and his account of mental disorder. The latter, however, can be used (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21. Dale Jacquette, Brendan Wilson, Tim Thornton & Frank Cioffi (1998). Wittgenstein's Thought in Transition. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  22.  11
    Tim Thornton (2008). Should Comprehensive Diagnosis Include Idiographic Understanding? Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (3):293-302.
    The World Psychiatric Association has emphasised the importance of idiographic understanding as a distinct component of comprehensive assessment but in introductions to the idea it is often assimilated to the notion of narrative judgement. This paper aims to distinguish between supposed idiographic and narrative judgement. Taking the former to mean a kind of individualised judgement, I argue that it has no place in psychiatry in part because it threatens psychiatric validity. Narrative judgement, by contrast, is a genuinely distinct complement to (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23.  23
    Tim Thornton (2000). Mental Illness and Reductionism: Can Functions Be Naturalized? Philosophy Psychiatry and Psychology 9 (1):229-253.
    There has been considerable recent philo- sophical work on the nature of mental illness. Two..
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  24.  11
    Tim Thornton (2006). Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 1:2.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25.  29
    Tim Thornton (2009). Values-Based Practice and Reflective Judgment. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 15 (2):125-133.
    In this paper, I relate values-based practice (VBP) to clinical judgment more generally. I consider what claim, aside from the fundamental difference of facts and values, lies at the heart of VBP. Rather than, for example, construing values as subjective, I argue that it is more helpful to construe VBP as committed to the uncodifiability of value judgments. It is a form of particularism rather than principlism, but this need not deny the reality of values. Seen in this light, however, (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26.  23
    Tim Thornton (2009). An Intellect in View. The Philosophers' Magazine 46 (46):108-110.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27.  9
    Tim Thornton (2004). Reductionism/Antireductionism. In Jennifer Radden (ed.), The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press 191.
  28.  27
    Tim Thornton (1997). Intention, Rule Following and the Strategic Role of Wright's Order of Determination Test. Philosophical Investigations 20 (2):136–151.
    I believe that Wright’s constructivist account of intention is funda- mentally flawed [Wright 1984, 1986, 1987a, 1987b, 1988, 1989a, 1989b, 1991, 1992]. To understand why it fails it is necessary first to locate the account in its broader strategic context. That context is Wright’s response to Wittgenstein’s account of rule following. When so located the diagnosis of the account’s failure is clear. Wright’s account of intention is a species of the interpretative approach to mental content which is explicitly rejected by (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29.  8
    Tim Thornton (2013). Tacit Knowledge and Its Antonyms. Philosophia Scientiæ 17 (3):93-106.
    Harry Collins’s Tacit and Explicit Knowledge characterises tacit knowledge through a number of antonyms: explicit, explicable, and then explicable via elaboration, transformation, mechanization and explanation and, most fundamentally, what can be communicated via “strings”. But his account blurs the distinction between knowledge and what knowledge can be of and has a number of counter-intuitive consequences. This is the result of his adoption of strings themselves rather than the use of words or signs as the mark of what is explicit and, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30. Tim Thornton (2009). On the Interface Problem in Philosophy and Psychiatry. In Matthew Broome & Lisa Bortolotti (eds.), Psychiatry as Cognitive Neuroscience: Philosophical Perspectives. OUP Oxford
  31. Tim Thornton (2004). The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  32.  17
    Natalie F. Banner & Tim Thornton (2007). The New Philosophy of Psychiatry: Its (Recent) Past, Present and Future: A Review of the Oxford University Press Series International Perspectives in Philosophy and Psychiatry. [REVIEW] Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2 (1):9-.
    There has been a recent growth in philosophy of psychiatry that draws heavily (although not exclusively) on analytic philosophy with the aim of a better understanding of psychiatry through an analysis of some of its fundamental concepts. This 'new philosophy of psychiatry' is an addition to both analytic philosophy and to the broader interpretation of mental health care. Nevertheless, it is already a flourishing philosophical field. One indication of this is the new Oxford University Press series International Perspectives in Philosophy (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33.  12
    Tim Thornton (1996). Wittgensteinian Themes. Review of Metaphysics 49 (4):931-933.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34.  16
    Tim Thornton (2002). Reliability and Validity in Psychiatric Classification: Values and Neo-Humeanism. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 9 (3):229-235.
    KEYWORDS: Validity, reliability, values, taxonomy, clas- sification, McDowell.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35.  7
    Tim Thornton (2012). Delusional Atmosphere, the Everyday Uncanny, and the Limits of Secondary Sense. Emotion Review 4 (2):192-196.
    In Paradoxes of Delusion, Sass aims to use passages from Wittgenstein to characterize the feeling of “mute particularity” that forms a part of delusional atmosphere. I argue that Wittgenstein’s discussion provides no helpful positive account. But his remarks on more everyday cases of the uncanny and the feeling of unreality might seem to promise a better approach via the expressive use of words in secondary sense. I argue that this also is a false hope but that, interestingly, there can be (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36. Tim Thornton (2006). The Discursive Turn, Social Constructionism, and Dementia. In Julian C. Hughes, Stephen J. Louw & Steven R. Sabat (eds.), Dementia: Mind, Meaning, and the Person. Oxford University Press
  37.  5
    Tim Thornton (2007). An Aesthetic Grounding for the Role of Concepts in Experience in Kant, Wittgenstein and McDowell. Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 12 (2):227-245.
  38.  16
    Tim Thornton (2006). The Ambiguities of Mild Cognitive Impairment. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 13 (1):21-27.
  39.  9
    Timothy Thornton (2003). Psychopathology and Two Kinds of Narrative Accounts of the Self. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 10 (4):361-367.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40.  1
    Tim Thornton, Recent Developments for Naturalizing the Mind.
    The connection between having a mind and fitting a rational pattern remains an important insight.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41.  1
    Tim Thornton (2013). Tacit Knowledge and Its Antonyms. Philosophia Scientae 17:93-106.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42.  8
    Tim Thornton (2009). Evidence-Based Medicine and Evaluativism. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 15 (2):175-178.
  43.  4
    Timothy Thornton (2002). Reliability and Validity in Psychiatric Classification: Values and Neo-Humeanism. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 9 (3):229-235.
  44.  1
    Tim Thornton (2012). Is Recovery a Model? In Abraham Rudnick (ed.), Recovery of People with Mental Illness: Philosophical and Related Perspectives. OUP Oxford 236.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45.  1
    Tim Thornton, Ajit Shah & Philip Thomas (2009). Understanding, Testimony and Interpretation in Psychiatric Diagnosis. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (1):49-55.
    Psychiatric diagnosis depends, centrally, on the transmission of patients’ knowledge of their experiences and symptoms to clinicians by testimony. In the case of non-native speakers, the need for linguistic interpretation raises significant practical problems. But determining the best practical approach depends on determining the best underlying model of both testimony and knowledge itself. Internalist models of knowledge have been influential since Descartes. But they cannot account for testimony. Since knowledge by testimony is possible, and forms the basis of psychiatric diagnosis, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46.  2
    Timothy Thornton (2006). The Ambiguities of Mild Cognitive Impairment. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 13 (1):21-27.
  47. Neil Gascoigne & Tim Thornton (2013). Tacit Knowledge. Routledge.
    Tacit knowledge is the form of implicit knowledge that we rely on for learning. It is invoked in a wide range of intellectual inquiries, from traditional academic subjects to more pragmatically orientated investigations into the nature and transmission of skills and expertise. Notwithstanding its apparent pervasiveness, the notion of tacit knowledge is a complex and puzzling one. What is its status as knowledge? What is its relation to explicit knowledge? What does it mean to say that knowledge is tacit? Can (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48. Neil Gascoigne & Tim Thornton (2013). Tacit Knowledge. Routledge.
    Tacit knowledge is the form of implicit knowledge that we rely on for learning. It is invoked in a wide range of intellectual inquiries, from traditional academic subjects to more pragmatically orientated investigations into the nature and transmission of skills and expertise. Notwithstanding its apparent pervasiveness, the notion of tacit knowledge is a complex and puzzling one. What is its status as knowledge? What is its relation to explicit knowledge? What does it mean to say that knowledge is tacit? Can (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49. Tim Thornton (2004). John Mcdowell. Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    John McDowell's contribution to philosophy has ranged across Greek philosophy, philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, metaphysics and ethics. His writings have drawn on the works of, amongst others, Aristotle, Kant, Hegel, Frege, Russell, Wittgenstein, Sellars, and Davidson. His contributions have made him one of the most widely read, discussed and challenging philosophers writing today. This book provides a careful account of the main claims that McDowell advances in a number of different areas of philosophy. The interconnections between the different (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50. Tim Thornton (2004). John Mcdowell. Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    John McDowell's contribution to philosophy has ranged across Greek philosophy, philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, metaphysics and ethics. His writings have drawn on the works of, amongst others, Aristotle, Kant, Hegel, Frege, Russell, Wittgenstein, Sellars, and Davidson. His contributions have made him one of the most widely read, discussed and challenging philosophers writing today. This book provides a careful account of the main claims that McDowell advances in a number of different areas of philosophy. The interconnections between the different (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 52