Search results for 'Time On Task' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Wright Brothers On & Ernst Cassirer (forthcoming). Allison, Henry E. Custom and Reason in Hume: A Kantian Reading of the First Book of the Treatise. New York: Oxford UP, 2008. Xi, 412p., Bibl., Index, $65. Time, Space, Being, Epistemology, Causation, and Skepticism. Almog, Joseph. Cogito? Descartes and Thinking the World. New York: Oxford UP, 2008. Xi, 120p., Index, $35. Meditation on the First Part of Descartes's. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Ideas.score: 520.0
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  2. Melanie A. George, Veronika B. Dobler, Elaine Nicholls & Tom Manly (2005). Spatial Awareness, Alertness, and ADHD: The Re-Emergence of Unilateral Neglect with Time-on-Task. Brain and Cognition 57 (3):264-275.score: 450.0
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  3. Stephen F. Checkosky & Dean Whitlock (1973). Effects of Pattern Goodness on Recognition Time in a Memory Search Task. Journal of Experimental Psychology 100 (2):341.score: 315.0
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  4. Jaques Kaswan & Stephen Young (1965). Effect of Luminance Exposure Duration, and Task Complexity on Reaction Time. Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (4):393.score: 315.0
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  5. Hans O. Lisper, Lennart Melin & Per O. Sjoden (1973). Effect of Prewarning on Increase in Reaction Time in an Auditory Monitoring Task. Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (2):378.score: 315.0
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  6. Hans O. Lisper & Stig Ericsson (1973). Effects of Signal Frequency on Increase in Reaction Time in a 10-Minute Auditory Monitoring Task. Journal of Experimental Psychology 98 (2):316.score: 315.0
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  7. Alan Kingstone James Farley, Evan F. Risko (2013). Everyday Attention and Lecture Retention: The Effects of Time, Fidgeting, and Mind Wandering. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 297.0
    We have all had our thoughts wander from the immediate task at hand. The emerging embodied cognition literature emphasizes the role that the body plays in human thought, and raises the possibility that changes in attentional focus may be associated with changes in body behaviour. Recent research has found that when individuals view a lecture, mind wandering increases as a function of time. In the present study we asked whether this decline in attention during lecture viewing was associated (...)
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  8. E. James Archer, George W. Kent & F. A. Mote (1956). Effect of Long-Term Practice and Time-on-Target Information Feedback on a Complex Tracking Task. Journal of Experimental Psychology 51 (2):103.score: 279.0
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  9. Tim Shallice, Donald T. Stuss, Terence W. Picton, Michael P. Alexander & Susan Gillingham (2007). Multiple Effects of Prefrontal Lesions on Task-Switching. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2:2.score: 279.0
    This study examined the performance of 41 patients with focal prefrontal cortical lesions and 38 healthy controls on a task-switching procedure. Three different conditions were evaluated: single tasks without switches and two switching tasks with the currently relevant task signalled either 1500 ms (Long Cue) or 200 ms (Short Cue) before the stimulus. Patients with Superior Medial lesions showed both a general slowing of reaction time (RT) and a signifi cantly increased switch cost as measured by RT. (...)
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  10. Hans O. Lisper & Anders Kjellberg (1972). Effects of 24-Hour Sleep Deprivation on Rate of Decrement in a 10-Minute Auditory Reaction Time Task. Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (2):287.score: 261.0
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  11. David R. Thomson, Paul Seli, Derek Besner & Daniel Smilek (2014). On the Link Between Mind Wandering and Task Performance Over Time. Consciousness and Cognition 27:14-26.score: 243.0
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  12. Michelle A. Adkins, W. A. Hillix & James W. Brown (1992). The Effects of Response Mode and Stimulus Laterality on Reaction Time in a Sternberg Task. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 30 (2):105-108.score: 243.0
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  13. Sterr Annette (2011). Response Time Slowing by Glucose Dependent on Strength of Stimulus Response Association: Investigations with the Flanker Task. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.score: 243.0
  14. Jérôme Sackur Mikaël Bastian (2013). Mind Wandering at the Fingertips: Automatic Parsing of Subjective States Based on Response Time Variability. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 213.0
    Research from the last decade has successfully used two kinds of thought reports in order to probe whether the mind is wandering: random thought-probes and spontaneous reports. However, none of these two methods allows any assessment of the subjective state of the participant between two reports. In this paper, we present a step by step elaboration and testing of a continuous index, based on response time variability within Sustained Attention to Response Tasks (N=106, for a total of 10 conditions). (...)
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  15. Melissa McBay Merritt (2010). Kant on the Transcendental Deduction of Space and Time: An Essay on the Philosophical Resources of the Transcendental Aesthetic. Kantian Review 14 (2):1-37.score: 207.0
    I take up Kant's remarks about a "transcendental deduction" of the "concepts of space and time" (A87/B119-120). I argue for the need to make a clearer assessment of the philosophical resources of the Aesthetic in order to account for this transcendental deduction. Special attention needs to be given to the fact that the central task of the Aesthetic is simply the "exposition" of these concepts. The Metaphysical Exposition reflects upon facts about our usage to reveal our commitment to (...)
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  16. J. Smallwood, J. B. Davies, D. Heim, F. Finnigan, M. Sudberry & Obonsawin M. O'Connor R. (2004). Subjective Experience and the Attentional Lapse: Task Engagement and Disengagement During Sustained Attention. Consciousness and Cognition 13 (4):657-90.score: 207.0
  17. Martin Heidegger (1972). On Time and Being. New York,Harper & Row.score: 207.0
    Time and being.--Summary of a seminar on the lecture "Time and being."--The end of philosophy and the task of thinking.--My way to phenomenology.
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  18. Joaquin A. Anguera, Kyle Lyman, Theodore P. Zanto, Jacob Bollinger & Adam Gazzaley (2013). Reconciling the Influence of Task-Set Switching and Motor Inhibition Processes on Stop Signal After-Effects. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 207.0
    Executive response functions can be affected by preceding events, even if they are no longer associated with the current task at hand. For example, studies utilizing the stop signal task have reported slower response times to ‘GO’ stimuli when the preceding trial involved the presentation of a ‘STOP’ signal. However, the neural mechanisms that underlie this behavioral after-effect are unclear. To address this, behavioral and electroencephalography (EEG) measures were examined in 18 young adults (18-30yrs) on 'GO' trials following (...)
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  19. Lera Boroditsky Vicky Tzuyin Lai (2013). The Immediate and Chronic Influence of Spatio-Temporal Metaphors on the Mental Representations of Time in English, Mandarin, and Mandarin-English Speakers. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 207.0
    In this paper we examine whether experience with spatial metaphors for time has an influence on people’s representation of time. In particular we ask whether spatiotemporal metaphors can have both chronic and immediate effects on temporal thinking. In Study 1, we examine the prevalence of ego-moving representations for time in Mandarin speakers, English speakers, and Mandarin-English (ME) bilinguals. As predicted by observations in linguistic analyses, we find that Mandarin speakers are less likely to take an ego-moving perspective (...)
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  20. Brian P. Bailey & Joseph A. Konstan (2006). On the Need for Attention-Aware Systems: Measuring Effects of Interruption on Task Performance, Error Rate, and Affective State. Computers in Human Behavior 22 (4):685-708.score: 198.0
  21. Bas C. Fraassen (1972). Earman on the Causal Theory of Time. Synthese 24 (1-2):87 - 95.score: 189.0
    I have so far ignored Earman's Section IV in which spatiotemporal coincidence is discussed. The answer will be clear from the preceding: the exact definitions and principles of the exact theories we have displayed are to be discussed with reference to the special and not the general theory of relativity. But moreover, Earman's transition from (C) to (1) assumes what we do not grant: that events are causally connectible exactly if the points in the mathematical space-time at which they (...)
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  22. Georgina Jackson & Stephen Jackson (1995). Do Measures of Explicit Learning Actually Measure What is Being Learnt in the Serial Reaction Time Task? Psyche 2 (20).score: 189.0
    Studies of implicit learning have shown that individuals exposed to a rule-governed environment often learn to exploit 'rules' which describe the structural relationship between environmental events. While some authors have interpreted such demonstrations as evidence for functionally separate implicit learning systems, others have argued that the observed changes in performance result from explicit knowledge which has been inadequately assessed. In this paper we illustrate this issue by considering one commonly used implicit learning task, the Serial reaction time (...), and outline what we see as an important problem associated with each of the commonly used methods used to assess explicit knowledge. This is that each measure requires a form of response which is dependent on the subjects having some knowledge of the serial-order of the sequence. We argue that such methods, or more specifically their analyses, seriously underestimate other sources of knowledge, which may be available to subjects during their performance of the SRT task. In support of this argument we demonstrate that subjects' serial-order knowledge can, in principle, be independent of subjects' knowledge of the statistical structure of the sequence, and we propose an alternative method for analysing performance on the Generate task which avoids this problem. (shrink)
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  23. F. Barlaam, M. Descoins, O. Bertrand, T. Hasbroucq, F. Vidal, C. Assaiante & C. Schmitz (2010). Time-Frequency and ERP Analyses of EEG to Characterize Anticipatory Postural Adjustments in a Bimanual Load-Lifting Task. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5:163-163.score: 189.0
    Anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs) compensate in advance for the destabilizing effect of a movement. This study investigated the specific involvement of each primary motor cortex (M1) during a bimanual load-lifting task in which subjects were required to maintain a stable forearm position during imposed or voluntary unloading. Kinematics, electromyographic and electroencephalographic (EEG) data were recorded in eight right-handed healthy subjects lifting a load placed on their left forearm. Two EEG analyses were performed: a time-frequency (TF) analysis and an (...)
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  24. Martin Heidegger (1977/2008). Basic Writings: From Being and Time (1927) to the Task of Thinking (1964). Harper Perennial Modern Thought.score: 189.0
    Being and time : introduction -- What is metaphysics? -- On the essence of truth -- The origin of the work of art -- Letter on humanism -- Modern science, metaphysics, and mathematics -- The question concerning technology -- Building dwelling thinking -- What calls for thinking? -- The way to language -- The end of philosophy and the task of thinking.
     
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  25. Todd C. Handy Julia W. Y. Kam, Elizabeth Dao, Patricia Blinn, Olav E. Krigolson, Lara A. Boyd (2012). Mind Wandering and Motor Control: Off-Task Thinking Disrupts the Online Adjustment of Behavior. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 186.0
    Mind wandering episodes have been construed as periods of "stimulus-independent" thought, where our minds are decoupled from the external sensory environment. In two experiments, we used behavioral and event-related potential (ERP) measures to determine whether mind wandering episodes can also be considered as periods of "response-independent" thought, with our minds disengaged from adjusting our behavioral outputs. In the first experiment, participants performed a motor tracking task and were occasionally prompted to report whether their attention was "on-task" or "mind (...)
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  26. Julia W. Y. Kam, Elizabeth Dao, Patricia Blinn, Olav E. Krigolson, Lara A. Boyd & Todd C. Handy (2012). Mind Wandering and Motor Control: Off-Task Thinking Disrupts the Online Adjustment of Behavior. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 186.0
    Mind wandering episodes have been construed as periods of "stimulus-independent" thought, where our minds are decoupled from the external sensory environment. In two experiments, we used behavioral and event-related potential (ERP) measures to determine whether mind wandering episodes can also be considered as periods of "response-independent" thought, with our minds disengaged from adjusting our behavioral outputs. In the first experiment, participants performed a motor tracking task and were occasionally prompted to report whether their attention was "on-task" or "mind (...)
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  27. Philip Gerrans (2007). Mental Time Travel, Somatic Markers and "Myopia for the Future". Synthese 159 (3):459 - 474.score: 180.0
    Patients with damage to the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (VMPFC) are often described as having impaired ability for planning and decision making despite retaining intact capacities for explicit reasoning. The somatic marker hypothesis is that the VMPFC associates implicitly represented affective information with explicit representations of actions or outcomes. Consequently, when the VMPFC is damaged explicit reasoning is no longer scaffolded by affective information, leading to characteristic deficits. These deficits are exemplified in performance on the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) in (...)
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  28. N. Meiran, Bernhard Hommel, U. Bibi & I. Lev (2002). Consciousness and Control in Task Switching. Journal of Consciousness Studies 11 (1):10-33.score: 180.0
    Participants were required to switch among randomly ordered tasks, and instructional cues were used to indicate which task to execute. In Experiments 1 and 2, the participants indicated their readiness for the task switch before they received the target stimulus; thus, each trial was associated with two primary dependent measures: (1) readiness time and (2) target reaction time. Slow readiness responses and instructions emphasizing high readiness were paradoxically accompanied by slow target reaction time. Moreover, the (...)
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  29. Michael Loeb & John R. Binford (1970). Examination of Some Factors Influencing Performance on an Auditory Monitoring Task with One Signal Per Session. Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (1p1):40.score: 180.0
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  30. Iring Koch Sarah Lukas, Andrea M. Philipp (2012). The Influence of Action Effects in Task-Switching. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 180.0
    According to ideomotor theories, intended effects caused by a certain action are anticipated before action execution. In the present study, we examined the question of whether action effects play a role in cued task switching. In our study, the participants practiced task-response-effect mappings in an acquisition phase, in which action effects occur after a response in a certain task context. In the ensuing transfer phase, the previously practiced mappings were changed in a random, unpredictable task-response-effect mapping. (...)
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  31. Varsha Singh (2013). Dual Conception of Risk in the Iowa Gambling Task: Effects of Sleep Deprivation and Test-Retest Gap. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 180.0
    Risk in the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) is often understood in terms of intertemporal choices, i.e., preference for immediate outcomes in favor of delayed outcomes is considered risky. According to behavioral economics, decision makers refrain from choosing the short-sighted immediate gain because, over time (10 trials), the immediate gains result in a net loss. Instead decision makers are expected to maximize their gains by choosing options that, over time (10 trials), result in net gain. However, task (...)
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  32. Robert D. Meade (1963). Effect of Motivation and Progress on the Estimation of Longer Time Intervals. Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (6):564.score: 180.0
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  33. A. R. Blackman (1972). Influence of Stimulus and Response Probability on Decision and Movement Latency in a Discrete Choice Reaction Task. Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (1):128.score: 180.0
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  34. Virginia Conde, Eckart Altenmüller, Arno Villringer & Patrick Ragert (2012). Task-Irrelevant Auditory Feedback Facilitates Motor Performance in Musicians. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 180.0
    An efficient and fast auditory–motor network is a basic resource for trained musicians due to the importance of motor anticipation of sound production in musical performance. When playing an instrument, motor performance always goes along with the production of sounds and the integration between both modalities plays an essential role in the course of musical training. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of task-irrelevant auditory feedback during motor performance in musicians using a serial reaction (...)
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  35. Andrei Gzorea & Delphine Rider (2011). Introspecting on the Timing of One's Actions in a Visuo-Motor Synchronization Task. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 171.0
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  36. Melissa Brandon, Josephine Terry, Catherine J. Stevens & Barbara Tillmann (2012). Incidental Learning of Temporal Structures Conforming to a Metrical Framework. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 153.0
    Implicit learning of sequential structures has been investigated mostly for visual, spatial or motor learning, but rarely for temporal structure learning. The few experiments investigating temporal structure learning have concluded that temporal structures can be learned only when coupled with another structural dimension, such as musical pitch or spatial location. In these studies, the temporal structures were without metrical organization and were dependent upon participants’ response times (Response-to-Stimulus Intervals). In our study, two experiments investigated temporal structure learning based on Inter-Onset-Intervals (...)
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  37. María Dolores de la Rosa, Daniel Sanabria, Mariagrazia Capizzi & Angel Correa (2012). Temporal Preparation Driven by Rhythms is Resistant to Working Memory Interference. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 153.0
    It has been recently shown that temporal orienting demands controlled attention (Capizzi, Sanabria, & Correa, 2012). However, there is current debate on whether temporal preparation guided by regular rhythms also requires the generation of endogenous temporal expectancies or rather involves a mechanism independent of executive control processes. We investigated this issue by using a dual-task paradigm in two different experiments. In Experiment 1, the single-task condition measured reaction time to respond to the onset of an auditory stimulus (...)
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  38. Angel Correa María Dolores de la Rosa, Daniel Sanabria, Mariagrazia Capizzi (2012). Temporal Preparation Driven by Rhythms is Resistant to Working Memory Interference. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 153.0
    It has been recently shown that temporal orienting demands controlled attention (Capizzi, Sanabria, & Correa, 2012). However, there is current debate on whether temporal preparation guided by regular rhythms also requires the generation of endogenous temporal expectancies or rather involves a mechanism independent of executive control processes. We investigated this issue by using a dual-task paradigm in two different experiments. In Experiment 1, the single-task condition measured reaction time to respond to the onset of an auditory stimulus (...)
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  39. Barbara Tillmann Melissa Brandon, Josephine Terry, Catherine J. Stevens (2012). Incidental Learning of Temporal Structures Conforming to a Metrical Framework. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 153.0
    Implicit learning of sequential structures has been investigated mostly for visual, spatial or motor learning, but rarely for temporal structure learning. The few experiments investigating temporal structure learning have concluded that temporal structures can be learned only when coupled with another structural dimension, such as musical pitch or spatial location. In these studies, the temporal structures were without metrical organization and were dependent upon participants’ response times (Response-to-Stimulus Intervals). In our study, two experiments investigated temporal structure learning based on Inter-Onset-Intervals (...)
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  40. Andreas Blass, Yuri Gurevich & Saharon Shelah (2002). On Polynomial Time Computation Over Unordered Structures. Journal of Symbolic Logic 67 (3):1093-1125.score: 144.0
    This paper is motivated by the question whether there exists a logic capturing polynomial time computation over unordered structures. We consider several algorithmic problems near the border of the known, logically defined complexity classes contained in polynomial time. We show that fixpoint logic plus counting is stronger than might be expected, in that it can express the existence of a complete matching in a bipartite graph. We revisit the known examples that separate polynomial time from fixpoint plus (...)
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  41. Benoit Bediou, Christelle Mohri, Jeremy Lack & David Sander (2011). Effects of Outcomes and Random Arbitration on Emotions in a Competitive Gambling Task. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 144.0
    The affective events theory proposes that the evaluation of distributive and procedural justice map onto primary and secondary appraisal sequence, respectively. However, self-serving biases suggest that one dimension (outcome favorability) can bias the other (procedural fairness). For the first time, we investigated the emotional correlates of this phenomenon. Participants performed a choice task between pairs of competing gambles against a virtual opponent. Conflicts (when the participant selected the same gamble as his virtual opponent) were resolved by a neutral (...)
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  42. Wayne C. Drevets Kymberly D. Young, Kristine Erickson (2012). Differential Effects of Emotionally Versus Neutrally Cued Autobiographical Memories on Performance of a Subsequent Cognitive Task: Effects of Task Difficulty. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 141.0
    Attention is a limited resource, and in order to improve processing of the attended information, competing processes must be suppressed. Although it is well established that an experimentally induced change in mood state comprises one type of competing process that can impair performance on a subsequent task, no study has investigated whether an emotionally valenced autobiographical memory (AM) also can alter performance on a subsequent task. We therefore examined the effects of AM recall on cognitive performance. Healthy participants (...)
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  43. Brenda R. J. Jansen, Maartje E. J. Raijmakers & Ingmar Visser (2007). Rule Transition on the Balance Scale Task: A Case Study in Belief Change. Synthese 155 (2):211 - 236.score: 141.0
    For various domains in proportional reasoning cognitive development is characterized as a progression through a series of increasingly complex rules. A multiplicative relationship between two task features, such as weight and distance information of blocks placed at both sides of the fulcrum of a balance scale, appears difficult to discover. During development, children change their beliefs about the balance scale several times: from a focus on the weight dimension (Rule I) to occasionally considering the distance dimension (Rule II), guessing (...)
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  44. A. Cowey, P. Stoerig & C. Le Mare (1998). Effects of Unseen Stimuli on Reaction Times to Seen Stimuli in Monkeys with Blindsight. Consciousness and Cognition 7 (3):312-323.score: 135.0
    In three macaque monkeys with unilateral removal of primary visual cortex and in one unoperated monkey, we measured reaction times to a visual target that was presented at a lateral eccentricity of 20o in the normal, left, visual hemifield. When an additional stimulus was presented at the corresponding position in the right hemifield (hemianopic in three of the monkeys), it significantly slowed the reaction time to the left target if it preceded it by delays from 100-500 msec. The most (...)
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  45. Penny M. Pexman Ian S. Hargreaves (2012). Does Richness Lose its Luster? Effects of Extensive Practice on Semantic Richness in Visual Word Recognition. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 135.0
    Previous studies have reported facilitatory effects of semantic richness on word recognition (e.g., Yap, Pexman, Wellsby, Hargreaves & Huff, 2012). These effects suggest that word meaning is an important contributor to lexical decision task (LDT) performance, but what are the effects of repeated LDT practice on these semantic contributions? The current study utilized data from the British Lexicon Project in which 78 participants made lexical decision judgments for 28,730 words over 16 hours. We used linear mixed effects to detect (...)
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  46. Denise C. Park, Thad A. Polk, Andrew C. Hebrank & Lucas J. Jenkins (2009). Age Differences in Default Mode Activity on Easy and Difficult Spatial Judgment Tasks. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 3:75-75.score: 135.0
    The default network is a system of brain areas that are engaged when the mind is not involved in goal-directed activity. Most previous studies of age-related changes in default mode processing have used verbal tasks. We studied non-verbal spatial tasks that vary in difficulty. We presented old and young participants with two spatial judgment tasks: an easy categorical judgment and a more demanding coordinate judgment. We report that (a) Older adults show markedly less default network modulation than young on the (...)
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  47. Ian S. Hargreaves & Penny M. Pexman (2012). Does Richness Lose its Luster? Effects of Extensive Practice on Semantic Richness in Visual Word Recognition. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 135.0
    Previous studies have reported facilitatory effects of semantic richness on word recognition (e.g., Yap, Pexman, Wellsby, Hargreaves & Huff, 2012). These effects suggest that word meaning is an important contributor to lexical decision task (LDT) performance, but what are the effects of repeated LDT practice on these semantic contributions? The current study utilized data from the British Lexicon Project in which 78 participants made lexical decision judgments for 28,730 words over 16 hours. We used linear mixed effects to detect (...)
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  48. Reiner Schürmann (2008). On Heidegger's Being and Time. Routledge.score: 132.0
    On Heidegger's Being and Time is an outstanding exploration of Heidegger's most important work by two major philosophers. Simon Critchley argues that we must see Being and Time as a radicalization of Husserl's phenomenology, particularly his theories of intentionality, categorial intuition, and the phenomenological concept of the a priori. This leads to a reappraisal and defense of Heidegger's conception of phenomenology. In contrast, Reiner Schürmann urges us to read Heidegger 'backward', arguing that his later work is the key (...)
     
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  49. Emir H. Shuford (1961). Percentage Estimation of Proportion as a Function of Element Type, Exposure Time, and Task. Journal of Experimental Psychology 61 (5):430.score: 132.0
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  50. Alejandro Lleras Simona Buetti (2012). Perceiving Control Over Aversive and Fearful Events Can Alter How We Experience Those Events: An Investigation of Time Perception in Spider-Fearful Individuals. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 132.0
    We used a time perception task to study the effects of the subjective experience of control on emotion and cognitive processing. This task is uniquely sensitive to the emotionality of the stimuli: high-arousing negative stimuli are perceived as lasting longer than high-arousing positive events, while the opposite pattern is observed for low-arousing stimuli. We evaluated the temporal distortions of emotionally-charged events in non-anxious (Experiments 1 and 5) and spider-fearful individuals (Experiments 2-4). Participants were shown images of varying (...)
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