Search results for 'Time measurements' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Edward A. Desloge (1989). A Theoretical Device for Space and Time Measurements. Foundations of Physics 19 (10):1191-1213.score: 90.0
    A theoretical device, which incorporates the functions of clock, rod, nonrotating platform, and accelerometer, and whose operation depends on the properties of light rays and free particles, is defined. The device, which we call a metrosphere, is simple enough that it can be introduced at the starting point of relativity theory and versatile enough that it can serve as an aid in the development and conceptualization of the theory. Relative to an inertial frame, a moving metrosphere undergoes a Lorentz-Fitzgerald contraction (...)
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  2. J. Kiukas, A. Ruschhaupt & R. F. Werner (2009). Tunneling Times with Covariant Measurements. Foundations of Physics 39 (7):829-846.score: 78.0
    We consider the time delay of massive, non-relativistic, one-dimensional particles due to a tunneling potential. In this setting the well-known Hartman effect asserts that often the sub-ensemble of particles going through the tunnel seems to cross the tunnel region instantaneously. An obstacle to the utilization of this effect for getting faster signals is the exponential damping by the tunnel, so there seems to be a trade-off between speedup and intensity. In this paper we prove that this trade-off is never (...)
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  3. Alexander Waugh (1999). Time: From Micro-Seconds to Millennia, a Search for the Right Time. Headline Book Pub..score: 78.0
     
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  4. Avshalom C. Elitzur & Shahar Dolev (2008). Undoing Quantum Measurements: Novel Twists to the Physical Account of Time. In World Scientific (ed.), Physics of Emergence and Organization. 61--75.score: 72.0
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  5. Peter W. Travis (1997). Chaucer's Chronographiae, the Confounded Reader, and Fourteenth-Century Measurements of Time. Disputatio 2:1-34.score: 72.0
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  6. Martha Blassnigg (2010). Revisiting Marey's Applications of Scientific Moving Image Technologies in the Context of Bergson's Philosophy: Audio-Visual Mediation and the Experience of Time. [REVIEW] Medicine Studies 2 (3):175-184.score: 70.0
    This paper revisits some early applications of audio-visual imaging technologies used in physiology in a dialogue with reflections on Henri Bergson’s philosophy. It focuses on the aspects of time and memory in relation to spatial representations of movement measurements and critically discusses them from the perspective of the observing participant and the public exhibitions of scientific films. Departing from an audio-visual example, this paper is informed by a thick description of the philosophical implications and contemporary discourses surrounding the (...)
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  7. Y. Jack Ng & H. Van Dam (2000). Measuring the Foaminess of Space-Time with Gravity-Wave Interferometers. Foundations of Physics 30 (5):795-805.score: 66.0
    By analyzing a gedanken experiment designed to measure the distance l between two spatially separated points, we find that this distance cannot be measured with uncertainty less than (ll 2 P) 1/3 , considerably larger than the Planck scale lP (or the string scale in string theories), the conventional-wisdom uncertainty in distance measurements. This limitation to space-time measurements is interpreted as resulting from quantum fluctuations of space-time itself. Thus, at very short distance scales, space-time is (...)
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  8. Carlos Alexandre Brasil, L. A. De Castro & R. D. J. Napolitano (2013). How Much Time Does a Measurement Take? Foundations of Physics 43 (5):642-655.score: 64.0
    We consider the problem of measurement using the Lindblad equation, which allows the introduction of time in the interaction between the measured system and the measurement apparatus. We use analytic results, valid for weak system-environment coupling, obtained for a two-level system in contact with a measurer (Markovian interaction) and a thermal bath (non-Markovian interaction), where the measured observable may or may not commute with the system-environment interaction. Analysing the behavior of the coherence, which tends to a value asymptotically close (...)
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  9. Abner Shimony (1996). A Bayesian Examination of Time-Symmetry in the Process of Measurement. Erkenntnis 45 (2-3):337 - 348.score: 60.0
    We investigate the thesis of Aharonov, Bergmann, and Lebowitz that time-symmetry holds in ensembles defined by both an initial and a final condition, called preand postselected ensembles. We distinguish two senses of time symmetry and show that the first one, concerning forward directed and time reversed measurements, holds if the measurement process is ideal, but fails if the measurement process is non-ideal, i.e., violates Lüders's rule. The second kind of time symmetry, concerning the interchange of (...)
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  10. Charis Anastopoulos (2006). Classical Versus Quantum Probability in Sequential Measurements. Foundations of Physics 36 (11):1601-1661.score: 60.0
    We demonstrate in this paper that the probabilities for sequential measurements have features very different from those of single-time measurements. First, they cannot be modelled by a classical stochastic process. Second, they are contextual, namely they depend strongly on the specific measurement scheme through which they are determined. We construct Positive-Operator-Valued measures (POVM) that provide such probabilities. For observables with continuous spectrum, the constructed POVMs depend strongly on the resolution of the measurement device, a conclusion that persists (...)
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  11. Eran Tal (forthcoming). Making Time: A Study in the Epistemology of Measurement. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.score: 60.0
    This article develops a model-based account of the standardization of physical measurement, taking the contemporary standardization of time as its central case-study. To standardize the measurement of a quantity, I argue, is to legislate the mode of application of a quantity-concept to a collection of exemplary artefacts. Legislation involves an iterative exchange between top-down adjustments to theoretical and statistical models regulating the application of a concept, and bottom-up adjustments to material artefacts in light of remaining gaps. The model-based account (...)
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  12. M. Bitbol (1988). The Concept of Measurement and Time Symmetry in Quantum Mechanics. Philosophy of Science 55 (3):349-375.score: 60.0
    The formal time symmetry of the quantum measurement process is extensively discussed. Then, the origin of the alleged association between a fixed temporal direction and quantum measurements is investigated. It is shown that some features of such an association might arise from epistemological rather than purely physical assumptions. In particular, it is brought out that a sequence of statements bearing on quantum measurements may display intrinsic asymmetric properties, irrespective of the location of corresponding measurements in (...) t of the Schrodinger equation. The situation of an observer performing two measurements in two opposite directions of t is eventually investigated. Essential differences are found between two descriptions of this situation: the internal one (taking only into account what is recorded in the observer's memory) and the external one (whereby the observer is considered as a quantum system ruled by the Schrodinger equation). Finally, a method allowing several observers to establish a correspondence between their memory sizes is analyzed. The most important facts that usually lead to the associating of a preferential temporal direction with quantum measurements may be inferred from this correspondence. (shrink)
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  13. T. H. Howells (1932). The Regulated Alternating Current as a Time Measure. Journal of Experimental Psychology 15 (6):773.score: 60.0
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  14. Robert DiSalle (2006). Understanding Space-Time: The Philosophical Development of Physics From Newton to Einstein. Cambridge University Press.score: 54.0
    Presenting the history of space-time physics, from Newton to Einstein, as a philosophical development DiSalle reflects our increasing understanding of the connections between ideas of space and time and our physical knowledge. He suggests that philosophy's greatest impact on physics has come about, less by the influence of philosophical hypotheses, than by the philosophical analysis of concepts of space, time, and motion and the roles they play in our assumptions about physical objects and physical measurements. This (...)
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  15. Thomas Filk (2013). Temporal Non-Locality. Foundations of Physics 43 (4):533-547.score: 54.0
    In this article I investigate several possibilities to define the concept of “temporal non-locality” within the standard framework of quantum theory. In particular, I analyze the notions of “temporally non-local states”, “temporally non-local events” and “temporally non-local observables”. The idea of temporally non-local events is already inherent in the standard formalism of quantum mechanics, and Basil Hiley recently defined an operator in order to measure the degree of such a temporal non-locality. The concept of temporally non-local states enters as soon (...)
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  16. Hermann Ackermann Ingo Hertrich, Susanne Dietrich (2013). How Can Audiovisual Pathways Enhance the Temporal Resolution of Time-Compressed Speech in Blind Subjects? Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 54.0
    In blind people, the visual channel cannot assist face-to-face communication via lipreading or visual prosody. Nevertheless, the visual system may enhance the evaluation of auditory information due to its cross-links to (1) the auditory system, (2) supramodal representations, and (3) frontal action-related areas. Apart from feedback or top-down support of, for example, the processing of spatial or phonological representations, experimental data have shown that the visual system can impact auditory perception at more basic computational stages such as temporal resolution. For (...)
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  17. F. M. Denton (1932). A New Device for the Measurement of Time Intervals. Journal of Experimental Psychology 15 (5):598.score: 50.0
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  18. E. Papp (1983). Light-Cone Approach to the Quantum Space-Time Description. Foundations of Physics 13 (11):1155-1165.score: 48.0
    Proofs have been given that the light-cone approximation can be analyzed in terms of the extended quantum-mechanical description of the space-time measurements by the complex numbers. It is then proved that the so established description is able to support both the asymptotical scale-invariant cross sections and the threshold behavior of the high-energy production processes.
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  19. Stefan Zeisberger, Dennis Vrecko & Thomas Langer (2012). Measuring the Time Stability of Prospect Theory Preferences. Theory and Decision 72 (3):359-386.score: 48.0
    Prospect Theory (PT) is widely regarded as the most promising descriptive model for decision making under uncertainty. Various tests have corroborated the validity of the characteristic fourfold pattern of risk attitudes implied by the combination of probability weighting and value transformation. But is it also safe to assume stable PT preferences at the individual level? This is not only an empirical but also a conceptual question. Measuring the stability of preferences in a multi-parameter decision model such as PT is far (...)
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  20. Martina Kanning (2012). Using Objective, Real-Time Measures to Investigate the Effect of Actual Physical Activity on Affective States in Everyday Life Differentiating the Contexts of Working and Leisure Time in a Sample with Students. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 48.0
    Multiple studies suggest that physical activity causes positive affective reactions and reduces depressive mood. However, studies and interventions focused mostly on structured activity programs, but rarely on actual physical activity (aPA) in daily life. Furthermore, they seldom account for the context in which the aPA occur (e.g. work, leisure). Using a prospective, real time assessment design (ambulatory assessment), we investigated the effects of aPA on affective states (valence, energetic arousal, calmness) in real time during everyday life while controlling (...)
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  21. Rufin VanRullen (2011). Four Common Conceptual Fallacies in Mapping the Time Course of Recognition. Frontiers in Psychology 2:365.score: 46.0
    Determining the moment at which a visual recognition process is completed, or the order in which various processes come into play, are fundamental steps in any attempt to understand human recognition abilities, or to replicate the corresponding hierarchy of neuronal mechanisms within artificial systems. Common experimental paradigms for addressing these questions involve the measurement and/or comparison of backward-masking (or RSVP: Rapid Serial Visual Presentation) psychometric functions and of physiological EEG/MEG/LFP signals (peak latencies, differential activities, single-trial decoding techniques). I review and (...)
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  22. Séverine Fay, Michel Isingrini & Viviane Pouthas (2005). Does Priming with Awareness Reflect Explicit Contamination? An Approach with a Response-Time Measure in Word-Stem Completion. Consciousness and Cognition 14 (3):459-473.score: 44.0
  23. H. Schmidgen (2003). Time and Noise: The Stable Surroundings of Reaction Experiments, 1860-1890. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 34 (2):237-275.score: 44.0
    The 'Reaction experiment with Hipp chronoscope' is one of the classical experiments of modern psychology. This paper investigates the technological contexts of this experiment. It argues that the development of time measurement and communication in other areas of science and technology (astronomy, the clock industry) were decisive for shaping the material culture of experimental in psychology. The chronoscope was constructed by Matthaus Hipp (1813-1893) in the late 1840s. In 1861, Adolphe Hirsch (1830-1901) introduced the chronoscope for measuring the 'physiological (...)
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  24. Michael B. Mensky (1997). Decoherence in Continuous Measurements: From Models to Phenomenology. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 27 (12):1637-1654.score: 42.0
    Decoherence is the name for the complex of phenomena leading to appearance of classical features of quantum systems. In the present paper decoherence in continuous measurements is analyzed with the help of restricted path integrals (RPI) and (equivalently in simple cases) complex Hamiltonians. A continuous measurement results in a readout giving information in the classical form on the evolution of the measured quantum system. The quantum features of the system reveal themselves in the variation of possible measurement readouts. For (...)
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  25. Paul Busch (1990). On the Energy-Time Uncertainty Relation. Part II: Pragmatic Time Versus Energy Indeterminacy. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 20 (1):33-43.score: 42.0
    The discussion of a particular kind of interpretation of the energy-time uncertainty relation, the “pragmatic time” version of the ETUR outlined in Part I of this work [measurement duration (pragmatic time) versus uncertainty of energy disturbance or measurement inaccuracy] is reviewed. Then the Aharonov-Bohm counter-example is reformulated within the modern quantum theory of unsharp measurements and thereby confirmed in a rigorous way.
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  26. Ronald G. Newburgh (1975). Pulse Widths and Time Dilatation. Foundations of Physics 5 (3):399-405.score: 42.0
    The temporal widths of a light pulse as measured in different inertial frames are shown to have a relation more complicated than that of a simple time dilatation. The result is compared with the dilatation in the twin paradoxGedanken experiment. The light pulse measurement requires two observers in two different frames. The measurements of the observers are compared. For the twin experiment a comparison is made between two clocks which have undergone different histories between the two points at (...)
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  27. Tomasz Placek (2000). Stochastic Outcomes in Branching Space-Time: Analysis of Bell's Theorem. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (3):445-475.score: 42.0
    The paper extends the framework of outcomes in branching space-time (Kowalski and Placek [1999]) by assigning probabilities to outcomes of events, where these probabilities are interpreted either epistemically or as weighted possibilities. In resulting models I define the notion of common cause of correlated outcomes of a single event, and investigate which setups allow for the introduction of common causes. It turns out that a deterministic common cause can always be introduced, but (surprisingly) only special setups permit the introduction (...)
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  28. Eduard Prugovečki (1982). Time-Energy Uncertainty and Relativistic Canonical Commutation Relations in Quantum Spacetime. Foundations of Physics 12 (6):555-564.score: 42.0
    It is shown that the time operatorQ 0 appearing in the realization of the RCCR's [Qμ,Pv]=−jhgμv, on Minkowski quantum spacetime is a self adjoint operator on Hilbert space of square integrable functions over Σ m =σ×v m , where σ is a timelike hyperplane. This result leads to time-energy uncertainty relations that match their space-momentum counterparts. The operators Qμ appearing in Born's metric operator in quantum spacetime emerge as internal spacetime operators for exciton states, and the condition that (...)
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  29. Ruth E. Kastner (2003). The Nature of the Controversy Over Time‐Symmetric Quantum Counterfactuals. Philosophy of Science 70 (1):145-163.score: 42.0
    It is proposed that the recent controversy over "time-symmetric quantum counterfactuals" (TSQCs), based on the Aharonov-Bergmann-Lebowitz Rule for measurements of pre- and post-selected systems, can be clarified by taking TSQCs to be counterfactuals with a specific type of compound antecedent. In that case, inconsistency proofs such as that of Sharp and Shanks (1993) are not applicable, and the main issue becomes not whether such statements are true, but whether they are nontrivial. The latter question is addressed and answered (...)
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  30. A. K. A. Maciel & J. Tiomno (1989). Analysis of Absolute Space-Time Lorentz Theories. Foundations of Physics 19 (5):505-519.score: 42.0
    Two particular forms of absolute space-time theories are examined. There follows a derivation of their predictions for measurements that are within present-day detection limits.
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  31. Henryk Arodź & Maria Massalska-Arodź (2008). Physics of Time. Dialogue and Universalism 18 (9-10):55-69.score: 42.0
    Our article is an overview of a selection of findings in physics relating to the issue of time—we do not present in it any “time theory” of our own. After making some general remarks on the issue of time, we present historical outline and a brief description of the current state of time interval measurements. Subsequently, we go on to discuss certain (relating to the concept of time) consequences of both theories of relativity: special (...)
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  32. Alisa Bokulich (2003). Quantum Measurements and Supertasks. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 17 (2):127 – 136.score: 42.0
    This article addresses the question whether supertasks are possible within the context of non-relativistic quantum mechanics. The supertask under consideration consists of performing an infinite number of quantum mechanical measurements in a finite amount of time. Recent arguments in the physics literature claim to show that continuous measurements, understood as N discrete measurements in the limit where N goes to infinity, are impossible. I show that there are certain kinds of measurements in quantum mechanics for (...)
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  33. Andrew Khrennikov (1996). The Ultrametric Hilbert-Space Description of Quantum Measurements with a Finite Exactness. Foundations of Physics 26 (8):1033-1054.score: 42.0
    We provide a mathematical description of quantum measurements with a finite exactness. The exactness of a quantum measurement is used as a new metric on the space of quantum states. This metric differs very much from the standard Euclidean metric. This is the so-called ultrametric. We show that a finite exactness of a quantum measurement cannot he described by real numbers. Therefore, we must change the basic number field. There exist nonequivalent ultrametric Hilbert space representations already in the finite-dimensional (...)
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  34. P. C. W. Davies, Time-Dependent Quantum Weak Values: Decay Law for Post-Selected States.score: 42.0
    Weak measurements offer new insights into the behavior of quantum systems. Combined with post-selection, quantum mechanics predicts a range of new experimentally testable phenomena. In this paper I consider weak measurements performed on time-dependent pre- and post-selected ensembles, with emphasis on the decay of excited states. The results show that the standard exponential decay law is a limiting case of a more general law that depends on both the time of post-selection and the choice of final (...)
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  35. Lynn Hunt (2008). Measuring Time, Making History. Central European University Press.score: 42.0
    Hunt asks a series of related questions about time in history. Why is time now again on the agenda, for historians and more generally in Western culture?
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  36. W. David Sharp & Niall Shanks (1993). The Rise and Fall of Time-Symmetrized Quantum Mechanics. Philosophy of Science 60 (3):488-499.score: 42.0
    In the context of a discussion of time symmetry in the quantum mechanical measurement process, Aharonov et al. (1964) derived an expression concerning probabilities for the outcomes of measurements conducted on systems which have been pre- and postselected on the basis of both preceding and succeeding measurements. Recent literature has claimed that a resulting "time-symmetrized" interpretation of quantum mechanics has significant implications for some basic issues, such as contextuality and determinateness, in elementary, nonrelativistic quantum mechanics. Bub (...)
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  37. M. A. Braun & K. Urbanowski (1992). On the Description of Multiple Measurements of an Unstable State. Foundations of Physics 22 (4):617-630.score: 42.0
    The nondecay probability of an unstable particle at a definite moment of time is investigated provided this particle existed at all earlier observation moments separated with the time interval Δ. Using the usual postulates for quantum measurements it is proved that this probability is described by the exponential function of Δ>0, and it tends to 1 as Δ → 0. An approximate formula is found for the effective decay width Γ(Δ) appearing in the case of multiple (...). It is shown that Γ(Δ) → 0 as Δ → 0. For Δ → ∞, the width Γ(Δ) → Γ0, with Γ0 being the standard decay with in Weisskopf-Wigner theory. At finite δ's Γ(Δ) may be smaller or greater than Γ0 depending on the parameters of the theory. (shrink)
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  38. Ronald G. Newburgh (1978). Syntopic Measurements: A New Classification of Spacetime Measurement. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 8 (5-6):393-398.score: 42.0
    Measurements in spacetime can be classified as spacelike or timelike, according to the positional and temporal characteristics of the measuring process. A well-known adjective for the spacelike measurement is “synchronous.” To describe the timelike measurement the term “syntopic” is introduced. The use of these terms is illustrated in discussing the measurement of time dilatation and the Lorentz contraction.
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  39. V. Carli, G. Hadlaczky, C. Wasserman, N. Stingelin-Giles, S. Reiter-Theil & D. Wasserman (2012). Maintaining Confidentiality in Prospective Studies: Anonymous Repeated Measurements Via Email (ARME) Procedure. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (2):127-129.score: 42.0
    Respecting and protecting the confidentiality of data and the privacy of individuals regarding the information that they have given as participants in a research project is a cornerstone of complying with accepted research standards. However, in longitudinal studies, establishing and maintaining privacy is often challenging because of the necessity of repeated contact with participants. A novel internet-based solution is introduced here, which maintains privacy while at the same time ensures linkage of data to individual participants in a repeated measures (...)
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  40. Clark Glymour, Two Statistical Problems for Inference to Regulatory Structure From Associations of Gene Expression Measurements with Microarrays.score: 42.0
    Of the many proposals for inferring genetic regulatory structure from microarray measurements of mRNA transcript hybridization, several aim to estimate regulatory structure from the associations of gene expression levels measured in repeated samples. The repeated samples may be from a single experimental condition, or from several distinct experimental conditions; they may be “equilibrium” measurements or time series; the associations may be estimated by correlation coefficients or by conditional frequencies (for discretized measurements) or by some other statistic. (...)
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  41. Cheryl Campanella Bracken, Gary Pettey & Mu Wu (forthcoming). Revisiting the Use of Secondary Task Reaction Time Measures in Telepresence Research: Exploring the Role of Immersion and Attention. [REVIEW] AI and Society:1-6.score: 42.0
    In this experimental study, we use secondary task reaction time (STRT) to measure Attention to a media presentation and compare STRT to traditional self-report measures of Telepresence (immersion, social reality, spatial presence, and transportation) and enjoyment. Further, we compare the STRT measure with the composite items of Telepresence–Immersion. The results indicate that STRT may be useful for measuring some sub-dimensions of Telepresence. Implications are discussed.
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  42. G. Miller (1973). The Inexactness of Time. Foundations of Physics 3 (3):389-398.score: 42.0
    The differential aging effect is shown to be valid in any physically reasonable extension of the special theory of relativity which includes a description of accelerating observers. Einstein's controversial assumption—the clock hypothesis—is avoided. Instead, it is sufficient to assume accessibility—that it is possible to travel from one inertial observer to another and then return to the first in a reasonable manner. Since Minkowski space-time displays this accessibility property, there must be an error in Sachs's quaternion development of general relativity. (...)
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  43. Thomas Dierks Philipp Homan, Jochen Kindler, Martinus Hauf, Sebastian Walther, Daniela Hubl (2013). Repeated Measurements of Cerebral Blood Flow in the Left Superior Temporal Gyrus Reveal Tonic Hyperactivity in Patients with Auditory Verbal Hallucinations: A Possible Trait Marker. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 42.0
    Background: The left superior temporal gyrus (STG) has been suggested to play a key role in auditory verbal hallucinations in patients with schizophrenia. Methods: Eleven medicated subjects with schizophrenia and medication-resistant auditory verbal hallucinations and 19 healthy controls underwent perfusion magnetic resonance imaging with arterial spin labeling. Three additional repeated measurements were conducted in the patients. Patients underwent a treatment with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) between the first 2 measurements. The main outcome measure was the pooled cerebral blood (...)
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  44. Sergei Gepshtein Gijs Plomp, Cees van Leeuwen (2012). Perception of Time in Articulated Visual Events. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 42.0
    Perceived duration of a sensory event often exceeds its actual duration. This phenomenon is called time dilation. The distortion may occur because sensory systems are optimized for perception within their respective modalities and not for perception of time. We investigated how the dilation of visual events depends on the duration and content of events. Observers compared the durations of two successive visual stimuli while the luminance of one of the stimuli was modulated at different temporal frequencies. Time (...)
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  45. Cyril R. Pernet Guillaume A. Rousselet (2011). Quantifying the Time Course of Visual Object Processing Using ERPs: It's Time to Up the Game. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 42.0
    Hundreds of studies have investigated the early ERPs to faces and objects using scalp and intracranial recordings. The vast majority of these studies have used uncontrolled stimuli, inappropriate designs, peak measurements, poor figures, and poor inferential and descriptive group statistics. These problems, together with a tendency to discuss any effect p condition B. Here we describe the main limitations of face and object ERP research and suggest alternative strategies to move forward. The problems plague intracranial and surface ERP studies, (...)
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  46. T. M. Arnesen (2003). Quantifying Quality of Life for Economic Analysis: Time Out for Time Trade Off. Medical Humanities 29 (2):81-86.score: 42.0
    The “Time trade-off” (TTO), is the most widely used method to “quality adjust” life years for “QALYs” in cost utility analysis. In this paper we ask if it is theoretically likely that the TTO is valid for this use. The TTO consists in a trade off between longevity and quality of life. Firstly, we argue that it is impossible to control for all factors that may influence one’s willingness to sacrifice lifetime. Secondly, that longevity and quality of life are (...)
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  47. Tianjaio Chu, Two Statistical Problems for Inference to Regulatory Structure From Associations of Gene Expression Measurements with Microarrays.score: 42.0
    Of the many proposals for inferring genetic regulatory structure from microarray measurements of mRNA transcript hybridization, several aim to estimate regulatory structure from the associations of gene expression levels measured in repeated samples. The repeated samples may be from a single experimental condition, or from several distinct experimental conditions; they may be “equilibrium” measurements or time series; the associations may be estimated by correlation coefficients or by conditional frequencies (for discretized measurements) or by some other statistic. (...)
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  48. Maurice Hershenson (1962). Reaction Time as a Measure of Intersensory Facilitation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (3):289.score: 38.0
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  49. Joshua T. Gaunt Travis L. Seymour, Christopher A. Baker (2012). Combining Blink, Pupil, and Response Time Measures in a Concealed Knowledge Test. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 38.0
    The response time (RT) based Concealed Knowledge Test (CKT) has been shown to accurately detect participants’ knowledge of mock-crime related information. Tests based on ocular measures such as pupil size and blink rate have sometimes resulted in poor classification, or lacked detailed classification analyses. The present study examines the fitness of multiple pupil and blink related responses in the CKT paradigm. To maximize classification efficiency, participants’ concealed knowledge was assessed using both individual test measures and combinations of test measures. (...)
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  50. Leo Postman & Harold L. Kaplan (1947). Reaction Time as a Measure of Retroactive Inhibition. Journal of Experimental Psychology 37 (2):136.score: 38.0
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