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  1. Timo Airaksinen (2012). Great Books, Bad Arguments: Republic, Leviathan and The Communist Manifesto. Hobbes Studies 24 (2):192-195.
  2. Timo Airaksinen (2012). Meaning and Knowledge. Dialectics and Humanism 8 (1):113-122.
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  3. Timo Airaksinen (2012). D. M. Gross, The Secret History of Emotion: From Aristotles Rhetoric to Modern Brain Science. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2006, X+194 Pp. ISBN-13: 978-0-226-30980-4, Paperback ($ 22). [REVIEW] Hobbes Studies 25 (2):233-235.
    This paper discusses sovereignty and examines in detail Hobbes's debates with the two leading legal theorists of his day, Coke and Hale, both Lord Chief Justices of the King's Bench. I argue that Hobbes came to change his mind somewhat about the desirability of divided sovereignty by the time, near the end of his life, that he wrote the Dialogue . But I also argue that Hobbes should have developed more than a very thin conception of the rule of law. (...)
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  4. Timo Airaksinen (2011). Against All the Odds: Machiavelli on Fortune in Politics. In Leonidas Donskis (ed.), Niccolò Machiavelli: History, Power, and Virtue. Rodopi. 226--3.
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  5. Timo Airaksinen (2011). Light and Causality in Siris. In Timo Airaksinen & Bertil Belfrage (eds.), Berkeley's Lasting Legacy: 300 Years Later. Cambridge Scholars.
    George Berkeley's Siris (1744) has been a neglected work, for many reasons. Some of them are good and some bad. The book is difficult to decipher, mainly because of its ancient metaphysics. He talks about the world as an animal or plant. He speculates about man as a microcosm which is analogous to the universe as a macrocosm. He recommends tar-water as a universal medicine. This was understandable in his own time. But Siris is also a Newtonian treatise which both (...)
     
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  6. Timo Airaksinen (2011). Rhetoric and Corpuscularism in Berkeley's Siris. History of European Ideas 37 (1):23-34.
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  7. Timo Airaksinen (2011). Starting with Hobbes. Hobbes Studies 23 (2):189-192.
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  8. Timo Airaksinen & Bertil Belfrage Airaksinen (eds.) (2011). Berkeley's Lasting Legacy: 300 Years Later. Cambridge Scholars.
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  9. Timo Airaksinen & Bertil Belfrage (eds.) (2011). Berkeley's Lasting Legacy: 300 Years Later. Cambridge Scholars Pub..
  10. Timo Airaksinen (2010). Active Principles and Trinities in Berkeley's "Siris". Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 200 (1):57 - 70.
    Berkeley's Siris is a chain of arguments which ends in God. First God is a metaphysical principle causally regulating the world or Macrocosm. But in the final paragraphs of Siris, God is treated in a theological perspective. This is to say that Berkeley introduces the idea of the Trinity and relates it to the rest of his chain argument. He says that Father, Son, and Spirit correspond to the philosophical notions of sun, light, and heat. I study the final theological (...)
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  11. Timo Airaksinen (2010). Berkeley and Newton on Gravity in Siris. In Silvia Parigi (ed.), George Berkeley: Religion and Science in the Age of Enlightenment. Springer.
  12. Timo Airaksinen (2010). Reseña Del Libro "Starting with Hobbes". Hobbes Studies 23 (2):189-192.
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  13. Timo Airaksinen (2008). The Path of Fire : The Meaning and Interpretation of Berkeley's Siris. In Stephen H. Daniel (ed.), New Interpretations of Berkeley's Thought. Humanity Books.
     
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  14. Timo Airaksinen (2007). Thomas Hobbes's Many States of Nature. Acta Philosophica Fennica 83:21-35.
  15. Timo Airaksinen (2005). Education and the praxiology of the hidden curriculum. Prakseologia 145 (145):33-42.
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  16. Timo Airaksinen & Arto Siitonen (2005). Kant, acerca de Hobbes, la paz y la obediencia. Philosophica 28:5-21.
    El presente trabajo muestra cómo, a pesar de que Kant y Hobbes parten del supuesto de una natural belicosodad de los seres humanos y una tendencia hacia la desobediencia, cada uno arriba a soluciones radicalmente diferentes. Kant, en el escrito Acerca del dicho: ¿Esto puede ser verdad en teoría pero no en la práctica¿ contiene un capítulo expresamente contra Hobbes y, fundado en las tesis de la Ilustración, intenta salvar el derecho de los subditos frente al monarca, no obstante que (...)
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  17. Timo Airaksinen (2004). Los diversos estados de naturaleza en Thomas Hobbes. Philosophica 27:5-16.
    Hobbes elabora una concepción clave de estado de naturaleza, al que denomino el fundamental; lo complemento al agregar su versión moderada que ilustro con una historia acerca de los antiguos islandeses y sus Sagas. Respetaban sus leyes, a pesar de que no podían exigir su cumplimiento. La vida en dicha sociedad era grosera y embrutecida, pero no pobre o solitaria. Finalmente se instituyó el gobierno del rey noruego. Sin embargo, Hobbes necesita un concepto social adicional que se comprenda en referencia (...)
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  18. Timo Airaksinen & Arto Siitonen (2004). Kant on Hobbes, Peace, and Obedience. History of European Ideas 30 (3):315-328.
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  19. Timo Airaksinen (2002). Praxiological Efficiency in Hetereogeneous Professional Ethics. In Leo V. Ryan, F. Byron Nahser & Wojciech Gasparski (eds.), Praxiology and Pragmatism. Transaction Publishers. 10--71.
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  20. Timo Airaksinen (2001). Winai inne negatywne emocje moralne. Prakseologia 141 (141):299-308.
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  21. Timo Airaksinen (2000). Isolation and Radicalism in Democracy. Acta Philosophica Fennica 65:9-26.
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  22. William Aiken, Sander Lee, Timo Airaksinen, Owen McLeod, Paul Allen Iii, Marcia Moen, Mahlon W. Barnes, Jan Narveson, Raymond Belliotti & Lisa Newton (1997). The Journal of Value Inquiry Relies on a Raft of Referees to Review Submis-Sions. The Reports of the Referees Call for Considerable Expertise and Careful Judgment. Referees Generally Write Several Reports Annually. Many Referees Have Gone Well Beyond Their Initial Allotments. All Have Done a Sterling Job. We Thank Them and Acknowledge Their Important Work Here. [REVIEW] Journal of Value Inquiry 31:595-595.
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  23. Timo Airaksinen (1995). David Boonin-Vail, Thomas Hobbes and the Science of Moral Virtue Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 15 (4):230-232.
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  24. Timo Airaksinen (1995). The Philosophy of the Marquis De Sade. Routledge.
    The Marquis de Sade's books have been censored in many countries. He is notorious for his forbidden novels like The 120 Days of Sodom and Justine, Juliette . The Marquis de Sade has long been considered the archetypal pornographer. The Philosophy of the Marquis de Sade challenges these traditional interpretations by reading de Sade and his books philosophically. Airaksinen examines de Sade's claim that in order to be truly happy and free we must perform evil acts. The Sadeian hero leads (...)
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  25. Wojciech Gasparski & Timo Airaksinen (eds.) (1995). Science in Society. Ifis Publishers.
     
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  26. Timo Airaksinen (1993). Hobbes on the Passions and Powerlessness. Hobbes Studies 6 (1):80-104.
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  27. Timo Airaksinen (1992). RE Ewin, Virtues and Rights: The Moral Philosophy of Thomas Hobbes Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 12 (2):100-101.
  28. Timo Airaksinen (1992). SA Lloyd, Ideals as Interests in Hobbes's Leviathan: The Power of Mind Over Matter Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 12 (5):340-342.
  29. Timo Airaksinen (1991). Peter Geach, Ed., Logic and Ethics Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 11 (6):393-394.
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  30. Timo Airaksinen (1990). Justified Coercion. Social Philosophy Today 3:21-40.
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  31. Matti Häyry & Timo Airaksinen (1990). In Defence of “Hard” Offers: A Reply to J.P. Day. Philosophia 20 (3):325-327.
    In commenting on our earlier article in IPhilosophiaD, J P Day raises four issues: those concerning (1) the correct interpretation of the concept of "conditional offers," (2) the relationship of hard conditional offers to liberty, (3) the role of preferences in distinguishing offers from threats, and (4) the moral wrongness of some forms of offering. Two of these points, the second and the third, give rise to some further argument.
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  32. Timo Airaksinen (1989). Insanity, Crime and the Structure of Freedom in Hegel. Social Theory and Practice 15 (2):155-178.
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  33. Timo Airaksinen (1988). Original Populations and Environmental Rights. Journal of Applied Philosophy 5 (1):37-47.
  34. Timo Airaksinen & Manu J. Vuorio (1988). Medical Ethics in Finland: Some Recent Trends. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 9 (3).
    This paper reviews the research done in Finland on medical ethics in the last three years and published in four leading journals. The general characteristics of this area are discussed and some comments on its most conspicuous representatives are offered. The conclusion reached is that medical ethics in Finland is still in a rather embryonic stage of development, and that more systematic and theoretically sophisticated approaches are required. However, since many physicians have become interested in ethical questions, it can be (...)
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  35. Matti Häyry & Timo Airaksinen (1988). Hard and Soft Offers as Constraints. Philosophia 18 (4):385-398.
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  36. Arto Siitonen & Timo Airaksinen (1988). Kant's Elusive Self: Problems of Paralogisms. Metaphilosophy 19 (3‐4):329-336.
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  37. Timo Airaksinen (1987). Berkeley and the Justification of Beliefs. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 48 (2):235-256.
    This paper analyzes berkeley's philosophy in the light of modern epistemology and philosophy of mind. It is shown that our knowledge of spatio-Temporal bodies cannot be certain. Certainty is restricted to the realm of sensory ideas themselves. But there is hardly any reason to be interested in ideas as such. Berkeley is a common sense thinker who wants to know the world and its scientific laws. Bodies are constructed on the basis of both real and imaginary ideas. This topic is (...)
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  38. Timo Airaksinen (1985). Absolutely Certain Beliefs. Philosophy Research Archives 11:393-406.
    This paper presents a critical review and discussion of three recent major theories of epistemic scepticism. Odegard and Rescher both agree that real knowledge entails certain beliefs. But they both fail to see how beliefs could be absolutely certain. Klein’s book, Certainty: A Refutationof Scepticism, presents the strongest possible view in favor of absolute certainty. I pay attention to its technical details and development by Klein. My conclusion is that Klein’s theory rests on some presupposed ideas that are either counterintuitive (...)
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  39. Timo Airaksinen (1985). Social Time and Place. Man and World 18 (1):99-105.
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  40. Timo Airaksinen (1984). Coercion, Deterrence, and Authority. Theory and Decision 17 (2):105-117.
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  41. Timo Airaksinen (1984). The Espistemological Relevance of Social Power. Dialectics and Humanism 11 (4):575-583.
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  42. Timo Airaksinen, Stewart Shapiro & W. Stephen Croddy (1984). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] Philosophia 14 (3-4):427-467.
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  43. Timo Airaksinen (1983). Values in Mackie's Error Theory of Ethics. Inquiry 26 (4):467 – 475.
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  44. Timo Airaksinen (1983). Book Review:The Philosophy of Nicholas Rescher: Discussion and Replies Ernest Sosa. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 50 (1):169-.
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  45. Timo Airaksinen (1982). Moral Education and Democracy in the School. Synthese 51 (1):117 - 134.
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  46. Timo Airaksinen (1982). Book Review:Naturalism and Social Science: A Post-Empiricist Philosophy of Social Science David Thomas. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 49 (1):144-.
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  47. Timo Airaksinen (1981). On Nonfoundationalistic Theories of Epistemic Justification. Southern Journal of Philosophy 19 (4):403-412.
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  48. Timo Airaksinen (1980). On Time Travel. Dialectics and Humanism 7 (1):113-121.
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  49. Timo Airaksinen (1980). Problems in Hegel's Dialectic of Feeling. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 41 (1/2):1-25.
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  50. Timo Airaksinen (1978). Five Types of Knowledge. American Philosophical Quarterly 15 (4):263 - 274.
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