Search results for 'Timothy Goodman' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Timothy Goodman (2005). Is There a Right to Health? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (6):643 – 662.score: 240.0
    This article challenges the widespread contention - promoted by the World Health Organization, the U.N. Human Rights Commission, and certain non-governmental organizations - that health care should be regarded as an individual human right. Like other "post-modern" rights, the asserted individual right to health care is a positive claim on the resources of others; it is unlimited by corresponding responsibilities; and it pertains exclusively to the individual. In fact, an individual human right to health, enforceable against either governments or corporations, (...)
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  2. Nelson Goodman, Goodman.score: 120.0
    The visual system is persistent, inventive, and sometimes rather perverse in building a world according to its own lights; the supplementation is deft, flexible, and often elaborate. [JL: Our eyes/consciousness could “fill in” things that are not there; they can also delete things that are there].
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  3. Jeremy Goodman (2013). Inexact Knowledge Without Improbable Knowing. Inquiry 56 (1):30-53.score: 120.0
    In a series of recent papers, Timothy Williamson has argued for the surprising conclusion that there are cases in which you know a proposition in spite of its being overwhelmingly improbable given what you know that you know it. His argument relies on certain formal models of our imprecise knowledge of the values of perceptible and measurable magnitudes. This paper suggests an alternative class of models that do not predict this sort of improbable knowing. I show that such models (...)
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  4. Kenneth Goodman (1990). Book Review: Communication Ethics and Global Change: A Book Review by Kenneth Goodman. [REVIEW] Journal of Mass Media Ethics 5 (1):66 – 69.score: 120.0
  5. Russell B. Goodman (1976). An Analysis of Two Perceptual Predicates. Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 7 (3):35-53.score: 90.0
  6. Russell B. Goodman (1990). American Philosophy and the Romantic Tradition. Cambridge University Press.score: 60.0
    Professional philosophers have tended either to shrug off American philosophy as negligible or derivative or to date American philosophy from the work of twentieth century analytical positivists such as Quine. Russell Goodman expands on the revisionist position developed by Stanley Cavell, that the most interesting strain of American thought proceeds not from Puritan theology or from empirical science but from a peculiarly American kind of Romanticism. This insight leads Goodman, through Cavell, back to Emerson and Thoreau and thence (...)
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  7. Russell B. Goodman (2002). Wittgenstein and William James. Cambridge University Press.score: 60.0
    This book explores Wittgenstein's long engagement with the work of the pragmatist William James. In contrast to previous discussions Russell Goodman argues that James exerted a distinctive and pervasive positive influence on Wittgenstein's thought. For example, the book shows that the two philosophers share commitments to anti-foundationalism, to the description of the concrete details of human experience, to the priority of practice over intellect, and to the importance of religion in understanding human life. Considering in detail what Wittgenstein learnt (...)
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  8. Lenn Evan Goodman (2003). Islamic Humanism. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    Tracing the course of thought, action, and expression in the golden age of Islamic civilization, L. E. Goodman's Islamic Humanism paints a vivid panorama that departs strikingly from the all too familiar image of Islamic dogma, authoritarianism, and militancy. Among the poets and philosophers, scientists and historians, ethicists and mystics of Islam, Goodman finds a warm and vital humanism, committed to the pursuit of knowledge and to the cosmopolitan values of generosity, tolerance, and understanding. Drawing on a wide (...)
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  9. Russell B. Goodman (ed.) (1995). Pragmatism: A Contemporary Reader. Routledge.score: 60.0
    Russell Goodman examines the curious reemergence of pragmatism in a field dominated in the past decades by phenomenology, logic, positivism, and deconstruction. With contributions from major contemporary and classical thinkers such as Cornel West, Richard Rorty, Nancy Fraser, Charles Sanders Peirce, and Ralph Waldo Emerson Russell has gathered an impressive chorus of philosophical voices that reexamine the origins and complexities of neo-pragmatism. The contributors discuss the relationship between pragmatism and literary theory, phenomenology, existentialism, and the work of Ralph Waldo (...)
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  10. Lenn Evan Goodman (1996). God of Abraham. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    This cogently argued and richly illustrated book rejects the dichotomy between the God of Abraham and the God of the philosophers to argue that the two are one. In God of Abraham, one of our leading philosophers of religion shows how human values can illuminate our idea of God and how the monotheistic idea of God in turn illuminates our moral, social, cultural, aesthetic, and even ritual understanding. Throughout Goodman draws on a wealth of traditional, philosophical, historical, and anthropological (...)
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  11. Ellen Goodman (1995). The Origins of the Western Legal Tradition: From Thales to the Tudors. Federation Press.score: 60.0
    Ellen Goodman uses extensive extracts from original writings to highlight the main themes of the Western legal tradition.The strength of the book is its clear ...
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  12. Heidi M. Ravven & Lenn Evan Goodman (eds.) (2002). Jewish Themes in Spinoza's Philosophy. State University of New York Press.score: 60.0
    CHAPTER 1 Introduction HEIDI M. RAVVEN AND LENN E. GOODMAN The attitudes of Jewish thinkers toward Spinoza have defined a fault line between traditionalist ...
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  13. Lenn Evan Goodman (2008). Love Thy Neighbor as Thyself. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    This work is based on the prestigious Gifford Lectures, which Lenn Goodman was invited to deliver in 2005. Goodman was asked to speak about the commandment to 'love thy neighbour as thyself' from the standpoint of Judaism.
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  14. Nelson Goodman & Menachem Brinker (1983). Representation and Realism in Art: A Debate (in Hebrew). Iyyun 32:216-222.score: 60.0
    These two short essays are a hebrew translation of an exchange that followed the publication of "verisimilitude, conventions and beliefs" by menachem brinker which contained a criticism of nelson goodman's theory of representation and realism in "languages of art" (1969). (edited).
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  15. William M. Goodman (1985). Structures and Procedures. Philosophy Research Archives 11:551-578.score: 60.0
    This paper takes up the challenge which Carnap poses in his Aufbau: to make of it a basis for continued epistemological research. I try to close some gaps in Carnap’s original presentation and to make at least the first few steps of his constructional outline more accessible to the modern reader. Particularly emphasized is Carnap’s implicit recognition that, to be effective, “structural” models of epistemology (using logical symbols) must be complemented with “procedural” models (his “fictitious operations”). The paper shows how (...)
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  16. Lenn E. Goodman (1999). Judaism, Human Rights, and Human Values. OUP USA.score: 60.0
    In this important addition to the field of Jewish ethics, Goodman argues forcefully that the Jewish tradition has a significant contribution to make to the general discourse on ethical issues. After refuting the notion that "human rights" is a purely modern notion, Goodman traces the idea of such rights to its key biblical sources. He goes on to consider the works of medieval thinkers like Saadiah Goan and Moses Maimonides and then applies these and other foundational texts to (...)
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  17. Russell B. Goodman (ed.) (2005). Pragmatism. Routledge.score: 60.0
    Presenting key texts in and about pragmatism, this collection of essays explores pragmatism's origins, applications, and weaknesses, as well as its remarkable versatility as an approach not only to issues of truth and knowledge, but to ethics and social philosophy, literature, law, aesthetics, religion, and education. Exploring a wide range of work on topics spanning from the birth of pragmatism in nineteenth century America, to its contemporary revival as an international and multi-disciplinary phenomenon, the collection: * is international in scope, (...)
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  18. David C. Goodman (1974). Towards a Mechanistic Philosophy. Open University Press.score: 60.0
    Unit 4. Goodman, D.C. God and nature in the philosophy of Descartes.--Unit 5. Brooke, J.H. Newton and the mechanistic universe..
     
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  19. Lenn Evan Goodman & Richard J. A. McGregor (eds.) (2009). The Case of the Animals Versus Man Before the King of the Jinn: An Arabic Critical Edition and English Translation of Epistle 22. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    The Ikhwan al-Safa (Brethren of Purity), the anonymous adepts of a tenth-century esoteric fraternity based in Basra and Baghdad, hold an eminent position in the history of science and philosophy in Islam due to the wide reception and assimilation of their monumental encyclopaedia, the Rasa'il Ikhwan al-Safa (Epistles of the Brethren of Purity). This compendium contains fifty-two epistles offering synoptic accounts of the classical sciences and philosophies of the age; divided into four classificatory parts, it treats themes in mathematics, logic, (...)
     
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  20. Lenn E. Goodman & Richard McGregor (eds.) (2012). The Case of the Animals Versus Man Before the King of the Jinn. OUP in association with the Institute of Ismaili Studies/Institute of Ismaili Studies.score: 60.0
    This is a new English translation of a classic of medieval Islamic learning, which illuminates the intellectual debates of its age and speaks vividly to the concerns of our own. It is the most famous work of the Brethren of Purity, a tenth-century esoteric fraternity based in Basra and Baghdad. In this rich allegorical fable the exploited and oppressed animals pursue a case against humanity. They are granted the gift of speech and presented as subjects with views and interests of (...)
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  21. Ryan Goodman, Derek Jinks & Andrew K. Woods (eds.) (2012). Understanding Social Action, Promoting Human Rights. Oup Usa.score: 60.0
    In Understanding Social Action, Promoting Human Rights, editors Ryan Goodman, Derek Jinks, and Andrew K. Woods bring together a stellar group of contributors from across the social sciences to apply a broad yet conceptually unified array of advanced social science research concepts to the study of human rights and human rights law.
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  22. Nelson Goodman, Jakob Steinbrenner, Oliver R. Scholz & Gerhard Ernst (eds.) (2005). Symbole, Systeme, Welten: Studien Zur Philosophie Nelson Goodmans. Synchron.score: 40.0
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  23. Charles Goodman (2008). Consequentialism, Agent-Neutrality, and Mahāyāna Ethics. Philosophy East and West 58 (1):17-35.score: 30.0
    : What kinds of comparisons can legitimately be made between Mahāyāna Buddhism and Western ethical theories? Mahāyānists aspire to alleviate the suffering, promote the happiness, and advance the moral perfection of all sentient beings. This aspiration is best understood as expressing a form of universalist consequentialism. Many Indian Mahāyāna texts seem committed to claims about agent-neutrality that imply consequentialism and are not compatible with virtue ethics. Within the Mahāyāna tradition, there is some diversity of views: Asaṅga seems to hold a (...)
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  24. Jeffrey Goodman (2005). Defending Author-Essentialism. Philosophy and Literature 29 (1):200-208.score: 30.0
    Creationism is the view that fictional individuals such as Sherlock Holmes are contingently existing abstracta that come about due to the intentional activities of authors. Author-essentialism is the stronger thesis that the author responsible for bringing a fictional individual into existence at a time is essential to the existence of that individual. Takashi Yagisawa has recently attacked this view on the following grounds: author-essentialists rely on an ontological parallelism between fictional individuals and whole works of fiction, but this parallelism fails (...)
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  25. Owen Holland & Russell B. Goodman (2003). Robots with Internal Models: A Route to Machine Consciousness? Journal of Consciousness Studies 10 (4):77-109.score: 30.0
  26. Michael F. Goodman (ed.) (1988). What is a Person. Clifton: Humana Press.score: 30.0
    Introduction There has been philosophical discussion for centuries on the nature and scope of human life. Lucretius, for example, contends that human life ...
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  27. Russell B. Goodman (1979). Schopenhauer and Wittgenstein on Ethics. Journal of the History of Philosophy 17 (4):437-447.score: 30.0
    Three claims wittgenstein makes in the tractatus are explicated via schopenhauer's idealism: 1) ethical reward and punishment lie in the action itself, 2) the good or bad exercise of the will alter the world's limits, So that it waxes or wanes, 3) eternal life belongs to those who live in the present. Schopenhauer's theory fills out some of wittgenstein's statements. For example, The happy man's world waxes to the degree that he frees himself from the false perspective of the "principium (...)
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  28. Jeffrey Goodman (2007). A Critical Discussion of Talking Past One Another. Philosophy and Rhetoric 40 (3):311-325.score: 30.0
    One sort of usage of the phrase ‘talking past one another’ that is quite prevalent in the philosophical literature suggests the following account of a particular phenomenon of miscommunication: Agent A and agent B talk past one another during a philosophical discussion if and only if A has in mind one meaning or conception of a crucial expression P that is distinct from some meaning or conception of P had in mind by B. In this paper, however, I argue that (...)
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  29. Lenn Evan Goodman (1987). Theodicy in Islamic Thought: The Dispute Over Al-Ghazali's "Best of All Possible Worlds". Journal of the History of Philosophy 25 (4):589-591.score: 30.0
  30. Timothy Williamson (2013). Response to Cohen, Comesaña, Goodman, Nagel, and Weatherson on Gettier Cases in Epistemic Logic. Inquiry 56 (1):77-96.score: 30.0
    The five commentators on my paper ‘Gettier Cases in Epistemic Logic’ (GCEL) demonstrate how fruitful the topic can be. Especially in Brian Weatherson's contribution, and to some extent in those of Jennifer Nagel and Jeremy Goodman, much of the material constitutes valuable development and refinement of ideas in GCEL, rather than criticism. In response, I draw some threads together, and answer objections, mainly those in the papers by Stewart Cohen and Juan Comesaña and by Goodman.
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  31. Lenn Evan Goodman (1970). The Way Things Are: The. Journal of the History of Philosophy 8 (3).score: 30.0
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  32. Flavio T. P. Oliveira & David Goodman (2004). Conscious and Effortful or Effortless and Automatic: A Practice/Performance Paradox in Motor Learning. Perceptual and Motor Skills 99 (1):315-324.score: 30.0
  33. Charles Goodman (2005). Vaibhāsika Metaphoricalism. Philosophy East and West 55 (3):377-393.score: 30.0
    : Scholars have proposed several different interpretations of the doctrine of no-self found in the Buddhist Abhidharma literature. It is argued here that two of these, Constitutive Reductionism and Eliminativism, are ruled out by textual evidence. A third, the Eliminative Reductionism of Siderits, is much closer to the intent of the texts.We can refine it further by attending to the role of metaphor in Vaibhāsika accounts of the no-self doctrine. If we update this view by drawing on analytic philosophy, the (...)
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  34. Russell B. Goodman (2000). Review: Richard M. Gale the Divided Self of William James. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999). Pp. 364. $59.95. [REVIEW] Religious Studies 36 (2):227-245.score: 30.0
  35. Russell B. Goodman (1974). A Note on Eliminative Materialism. Journal of Critical Analysis 5 (January-April):80-83.score: 30.0
  36. Russell B. Goodman (1985). Cavell and the Problem of Other Minds. Philosophical Topics 13 (2):43-52.score: 30.0
  37. Lenn Evan Goodman (1979). Isagoge. Journal of the History of Philosophy 17 (1):82-85.score: 30.0
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  38. Russell B. Goodman (1976). Two Concepts of Perceptual Relativity. Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 7 (1):45-52.score: 30.0
  39. ed Goodman, Robert F. & ed Fisher, Walter R. (1995). Book Review: Rethinking Knowledge: Reflections Across the Disciplines. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Literature 19 (2).score: 30.0
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  40. Russell B. Goodman (1974). Is Seeing Believing? Proceedings of the New Mexico-West Texas Philosophical Society 40 (April):45.score: 30.0
  41. Timothy Gould (2007). Present Tense: Working with Cavell. Reading Cavell Edited by Crary, Alice, and Sanford Shieh. Contending with Stanley Cavell Edited by Goodman, Russell B.. Cavell on Film Edited by Rothman, William. [REVIEW] Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 65 (2):229–233.score: 24.0
  42. Timothy H. Engström (1992). A Question of Style: Nelson Goodman and the Writing of Theory. Metaphilosophy 23 (4):329-349.score: 24.0
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  43. Timothy Goodman 1 (2005). Is There a Right to Health? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (6):643-662.score: 24.0
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  44. Timothy Chambers (1999). Is Goodman's Solution of Hume's Riddle Too Strong? Diálogos 34 (74):63-70.score: 24.0
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  45. Branden Fitelson (2008). Goodman's "New Riddle". Journal of Philosophical Logic 37 (6):613 - 643.score: 18.0
    First, a brief historical trace of the developments in confirmation theory leading up to Goodman's infamous "grue" paradox is presented. Then, Goodman's argument is analyzed from both Hempelian and Bayesian perspectives. A guiding analogy is drawn between certain arguments against classical deductive logic, and Goodman's "grue" argument against classical inductive logic. The upshot of this analogy is that the "New Riddle" is not as vexing as many commentators have claimed (especially, from a Bayesian inductive-logical point of view). (...)
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  46. Vladan Djordjevic (2012). Goodman's Only World. In Majda Trobok, Nenad Miscevic & Berislav Zarnic (eds.), Between Logic and Reality: Modeling Inference, Action and Understanding. Springer. 269.score: 18.0
    An incorrect interpretation of Goodman’s theory of counterfactuals is persistently being offered in the literature. I find that strange. Even more so since the incorrectness is rather obvious. In this paper I try to figure out why is that happening. First I try to explain what Goodman did say, which of his claims are ignored, and what he did not say but is sometimes ascribed to him. I emphasize one of the bad features of the interpretation: it gives (...)
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  47. Nathan Stemmer (2004). The Goodman Paradox: Three Different Problems and a Naturalistic Solution to Two of Them. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science 35 (2):351 - 370.score: 18.0
    It is now more than 50 years that the Goodman paradox has been discussed, and many different solutions have been proposed. But so far no agreement has been reached about which is the correct solution to the paradox. In this paper, I present the naturalistic solutions to the paradox that were proposed in Quine (1969, 1974), Quine and Ullian (1970/1978), and Stemmer (1971). At the same time, I introduce a number of modifications and improvements that are needed for overcoming (...)
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  48. Ann Chinnery (forthcoming). On Timothy Findley's The Wars and Classrooms as Communities of Remembrance. Studies in Philosophy and Education:1-9.score: 18.0
    In this paper I explore the connection between narrative ethics and the increasing emphasis on historical consciousness as a way to cultivate moral responsibility in history education. I use Timothy Findley’s World War I novel, The Wars, as an example of how teachers might help students to see history neither simply as a collection of artefacts from the past, nor as an effort to construct an objective view about what went on in those other times and places, but rather (...)
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  49. Bredo Johnsen (2014). Hume, Goodman and Radical Inductive Skepticism. Synthese 191 (12):2791-2813.score: 18.0
    Goodman concurs in Hume’s contention that no theory has any probability relative to any set of data, and offers two accounts, compatible with that contention, of how some inductive inferences are nevertheless justified. The first, framed in terms of rules of inductive inference, is well known, significantly flawed, and enmeshed in Goodman’s unfortunate entrenchment theory and view of the mind as hypothesizing at random. The second, framed in terms of characteristics of inferred theories rather than rules of inference, (...)
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  50. João Paulo Monteiro (2010). Dutra, Hume E Goodman. Principia 1 (2):291-296.score: 18.0
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