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  1. Timothy McGrew, Bayesian Reasoning.
    This brief annotated bibliography is intended to help students get started with their research. It is not a substitute for personal investigation of the literature, and it is not a comprehensive bibliography on the subject. For those just beginning to study Bayesian reasoning, I suggest the starred items as good places to start your reading.
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  2. Timothy McGrew, Has Plantinga Refuted the Historical Argument?
    On a subject that hath been so often treated, ’tis impossible to avoid saying many things which have been said before. It may, however, with reason be affirmed, that there still remains, on this subject, great scope for new observations. Besides, it ought to be remember’d, that the evidence of any complex argument depends very much on the order into which the material circumstances are digested, and the manner in which they are display’d.
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  3. Timothy McGrew, Probabilistic Confirmation Theory and Bayesian Reasoning.
    This brief annotated bibliography is intended to help students get started with their research. It is not a substitute for personal investigation of the literature, and it is not a comprehensive bibliography on the subject. For those just beginning to study probabilistic confirmation theory and Bayesian reasoning, I suggest the starred items as good places to start your reading.
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  4. John M. DePoe & Timothy J. McGrew (forthcoming). Natural Theology and the Uses of Argument. Philosophia Christi.
    Arguments in natural theology have recently increased in their number and level of sophistication. However, there has not been much analysis of the ways in which these arguments should be evaluated as good, taken collectively or individually. After providing an overview of some proposed goals and good-making criteria for arguments in natural theology, we provide an analysis that stands as a corrective to some of the ill-formed standards that are currently in circulation. Specifically, our analysis focuses on the relation between (...)
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  5. Timothy McGrew (2014). The Argument From Silence. Acta Analytica 29 (2):215-228.
    The argument from silence is a pattern of reasoning in which the failure of a known source to mention a particular fact or event is used as the ground of an inference, usually to the conclusion that the supposed fact is untrue or the supposed event did not actually happen. Such arguments are widely used in historical work, but they are also widely contested. This paper surveys some inadequate attempts to model this sort of argument, offers a new analysis using (...)
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  6. Timothy McGrew & Lydia McGrew (2012). The Reliability of Witnesses and Testimony to the Miraculous. In Jake Chandler Victoria S. Harrison (ed.), Probability in the Philosophy of Religion. Oxford.
    The formal representation of the strength of witness testimony has been historically tied to a formula — proposed by Condorcet — that uses a factor representing the reliability of an individual witness. This approach encourages a false dilemma between hyper-scepticism about testimony, especially to extraordinary events such as miracles, and an overly sanguine estimate of reliability based on insufficiently detailed evidence. Because Condorcet’s formula does not have the resources for representing numerous epistemically relevant details in the unique situation in which (...)
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  7. Timothy McGrew (2011). Crisis of Doubt. Faith and Philosophy 28 (2):247-250.
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  8. Timothy McGrew (2011). Miracles. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  9. Timothy J. McGrew, Marc Alspector-Kelly & Fritz Allhoff (eds.) (2009). The Philosophy of Science: An Historical Anthology. Wiley-Blackwell.
    speaking there are only two sorts of opposition to be found here. One is the opposition between motion and rest, together with the opposition between ...
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  10. Timothy McGrew & Lydia McGrew (2009). The Argument From Miracles: A Cumulative Case for the Resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth. In William Lane Craig & J. P. Moreland (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Natural Theology. Blackwell Pub. 593--662.
  11. Lydia McGrew & Timothy McGrew (2008). Foundationalism, Probability, and Mutual Support. Erkenntnis 68 (1):55 - 77.
    The phenomenon of mutual support presents a specific challenge to the foundationalist epistemologist: Is it possible to model mutual support accurately without using circles of evidential support? We argue that the appearance of loops of support arises from a failure to distinguish different synchronic lines of evidential force. The ban on loops should be clarified to exclude loops within any such line, and basing should be understood as taking place within lines of evidence. Uncertain propositions involved in mutual support relations (...)
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  12. Timothy McGrew & Lydia McGrew (2007). Internalism and Epistemology : The Architecture of Reason. In Michael Beaney (ed.), The Analytic Turn: Analysis in Early Analytic Philosophy and Phenomenology. Routledge.
    Internalism and Epistemology is a powerful articulation and defense of a classical answer to an enduring question: What is the nature of rational belief? In opposition to prevailing philosophical fashion, the book argues that epistemic externalism leads, not just to skepticism, but to epistemic nihilism - the denial of the very possibility of justification. And it defends a subtle and sophisticated internalism against criticisms that have widely but mistakenly been thought to be decisive. Beginning with an internalist response to the (...)
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  13. Timothy McGrew & Lydia McGrew (2006). On the Historical Argument: A Rejoinder to Plantinga. Philosophia Christi 8 (1):23-38.
     
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  14. Timothy Mcgrew (2005). Toward a Rational Reconstruction of Design Inferences. Philosophia Christi 7 (2):253-298.
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  15. Timothy J. McGrew (2005). On the Rational Reconstruction of the Fine-Tuning Argument. Philosophia Christi 7 (2):425 - 443.
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  16. Timothy McGrew & Lydia McGrew (2005). A Response to Robin Collins and Alexander R. Pruss. Philosophia Christi 7 (2005).
     
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  17. Timothy McGrew (2003). Confirmation, Heuristics, and Explanatory Reasoning. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 54 (4):553-567.
    Recent work on inference to the best explanation has come to an impasse regarding the proper way to coordinate the theoretical virtues in explanatory inference with probabilistic confirmation theory, and in particular with aspects of Bayes's Theorem. I argue that the theoretical virtues are best conceived heuristically and that such a conception gives us the resources to explicate the virtues in terms of ceteris paribus theorems. Contrary to some Bayesians, this is not equivalent to identifying the virtues with likelihoods or (...)
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  18. Timothy McGrew (2002). Review of Michael Huemer, Skepticism and the Veil of Perception. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2002 (5).
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  19. Timothy McGrew (2002). Review of Richard Swinburne, Epistemic Justification. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2002 (9).
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  20. Timothy McGrew (2001). Direct Inference and the Problem of Induction. The Monist 84 (2):153-178.
  21. Timothy McGrew, Lydia McGrew & and Eric Vestrup (2001). Probabilities and the Fine-Tuning Argument: A Sceptical View. Mind 110 (440):1027-1038.
    Proponents of the Fine-Tuning Argument frequently assume that the narrowness of the life-friendly range of fundamental physical constants implies a low probability for the origin of the universe ‘by chance’. We cast this argument in a more rigorous form than is customary and conclude that the narrow intervals do not yield a probability at all because the resulting measure function is non-normalizable. We then consider various attempts to circumvent this problem and argue that they fail.
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  22. Timothy McGrew, Lydia McGrew & Eric Vestrup (2001). Probabilities and the Fine-Tuning Argument: A Sceptical View. Mind 110 (440):1027 - 1037.
    Proponents of the Fine-Tuning Argument frequently assume that the narrowness of the life-friendly range of fundamental physical constants implies a low probability for the origin of the universe 'by chance'. We cast this argument in a more rigorous form than is customary and conclude that the narrow intervals do not yield a probability at all because the resulting measure function is non-normalizable. We then consider various attempts to circumvent this problem and argue that they fail.
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  23. Timothy And Lydia Mcgrew (2000). What's Wrong with Epistemic Circularity. Dialogue 39 (2):219-240.
     
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  24. Timothy McGrew & Lydia McGrew (2000). Foundationalism, Transitivity and Confirmation. Journal of Philosophical Research 25:47-66.
    John Post has argued that the traditional regress argument against nonfoundational justificatory structures does not go through because it depends on the false assumption that “justifies” is in general transitive. But, says Post, many significant justificatory relations are not transitive. The authors counter that there is an evidential relation essential to all inferential justification, regardless of specific inference form or degree of carried-over justificatory force, which is in general transitive. They respond to attempted counterexamples to transitivity brought by Watkins and (...)
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  25. Timothy McGrew & Lydia McGrew (1998). Internalism and the Collapse of the Gettier Problem. Journal of Philosophical Research 23:239-256.
    On the “Russellian” solution to the Gettier problem, every Gettier case involves the implicit or explicit use of a false premise on the part of the subject. We distinguish between two senses of “justification” ---“legitimation” and “justification proper.” The former does not require true premises, but the latter does. We then argue that in Gettier cases the subject possesses “legitimation” but not “justification proper,” and we respond to many attempted counterexamples, including several variants of the Nogot scenario, a case involving (...)
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  26. Lydia M. McGrew & Timothy J. McGrew (1997). Level Connections in Epistemology. American Philosophical Quarterly 34 (1):85 - 94.
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  27. Timothy J. McGrew, David Shier & Harry S. Silverstein (1997). The Two-Envelope Paradox Resolved. Analysis 57 (1):28–33.
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  28. Timothy J. McGrew (1995). The Foundations of Knowledge. Littlefield Adams Books.
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  29. Timothy McGrew (1992). Unraveling Innate Ideas. History of Philosophy Quarterly 9 (3):307 - 317.
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