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Profile: Timothy O'Connor (Indiana University, Bloomington)
  1.  292 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (2004). And This All Men Call God. Faith and Philosophy 21 (4):417-435.
    Philosophical discussion of theistic arguments mainly focus on their first (existence) stage, which argues for the existence of something having some very general, if suggestive, feature. I shall instead consider only the second (identification) stage of one such argument, the cosmologic al argument from contingency. Taking for granted the existence of an absolutely necessary being, I develop an extended line of argument that supports the..
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  2.  209 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (1995). From First Efficient Cause to God: Scotus on the Identification Stage of the Cosmological Argument. In L. Honnefelder, R. Wood & M. Dreyer (eds.), John Duns Scotus: Metaphysics and Ethics. E.J.Brill
  3.  163 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (1995). Agent Causation. In Agents, Causes, and Events: Essays on Indeterminism and Free Will. Oxford University Press 61-79.
    In what follows, I will contend that the commonsense view of ourselves as fundamental causal agents - for which some have used the term “unmoved movers" but which I think might more accurately be expressed as “not wholly moved movers” - is theoretically understandable, internally consistent, and consistent with what we have thus far come to know about the nature and workings of the natural world. In the section that follows, I try to show how the concept of ‘agent’ causation (...)
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  4.  127 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (2005). The Metaphysics of Emergence. Noûs 39 (4):658-678.
    The objective probability of every physical event is fixed by prior physical events and laws alone. (This thesis is sometimes expressed in terms of explanation: In tracing the causal history of any physical event, one need not advert to any non-physical events or laws. To the extent that there is any explanation available for a physical event, there is a complete explanation available couched entirely in physical vocabulary. We prefer the probability formulation, as it should be acceptable to any physicalist, (...)
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  5.  125 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (2000). Causality, Mind, and Free Will. Noûs 34 (s14):105-117.
    One familiar affirmative answer to this question holds that these facts suffice to entail that Descartes' picture of the human mind must be mistaken. On Descartes' view, our mind or soul (the only essential part of ourselves) has no spatial location. Yet it directly interacts with but one physical object, the brain of that body with which it is, 'as it were, intermingled,' so as to 'form one unit.' The radical disparity posited between a nonspatial mind, whose intentional and conscious (...)
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  6.  123 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor & Jonathan D. Jacobs (2003). Emergent Individuals. Philosophical Quarterly 53 (213):540-555.
    We explain the thesis that human mental states are ontologically emergent aspects of a fundamentally biological organism. We then explore the consequences of this thesis for the identity of a human person over time. As these consequences are not obviously independent of one's general ontology of objects and their properties, we consider four such accounts: transcendent universals, kind-Aristotelianism, immanent universals, and tropes. We suggest there are reasons for emergentists to favor the latter two accounts. We then argue that within such (...)
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  7.  103 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (2000). Persons and Causes: The Metaphysics of Free Will. Oxford University Press.
    This provocative book refurbishes the traditional account of freedom of will as reasons-guided "agent" causation, situating its account within a general metaphysics. O'Connor's discussion of the general concept of causation and of ontological reductionism v. emergence will specially interest metaphysicians and philosophers of mind.
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  8.  100 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (1999). Simplicity and Creation. Faith and Philosophy 16 (3):405-412.
    According to many philosophical theologians, God is metaphysically simple: there is no real distinction among His attributes or even between attribute and existence itself. Here, I consider only one argument against the simplicity thesis. Its proponents claim that simplicity is incompatible with God's having created another world, since simplicity entails that God is unchanging across possible worlds. For, they argue, different acts of creation involve different willings, which are distinct intrinsic states. I show that this is mistaken, by sketching (...)
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  9.  96 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor, Agent-Causal Theories of Freedom.
    This essay will canvass recent philosophical discussion of accounts of human (free) agency that deploy a notion of agent causation . Historically, many accounts have only hinted at the nature of agent causation by way of contrast with the causality exhibited by impersonal physical systems. Likewise, the numerous criticisms of agent causal theories have tended to be highly general, often amounting to no more that the bare assertion that the idea of agent causation is obscure or mysterious. But in the (...)
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  10.  95 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (2001). Dualist and Agent-Causal Theories. In Robert H. Kane (ed.), Oxford Handbook on Free Will. OUP
    I Introduction This essay will canvass recent philosophical accounts of human agency that deploy a notion of 'self' (or 'agent') causation. Some of these accounts try to explicate this notion, whereas others only hint at its nature by way of contrast with the causality exhibited by impersonal physical systems. In these latter theories, the authors' main argumentative burden is that the apparent fundamental differences between personal and impersonal causal activity strongly suggest mind-body dualism. I begin by noting two distinct, yet (...)
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  11.  90 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (1996). Why Agent Causation? Philosophical Topics 24 (2):143-58.
    I Introduction The question of this paper is, what would it be to act with freedom of the will? What kind of control is inchoately in view when we speak, pretheoretically, of being ‘self- determining’ beings, of ‘freely making choices in view of consciously considered reasons’ (pro and con) - of its being ‘up to us’ how we shall act? My question here is not whether we have (or have any reason to think we have) such freedom, or what is (...)
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  12.  88 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (2002). Libertarian Views: Dualist and Agent-Causal Theories. In Robert H. Kane (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Free Will. Oxford University Press
  13.  83 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (2009). Theodicies and Human Nature: Dostoevsky on the Saint as Witness. In Kevin Timpe (ed.), Metaphysics and God. Routledge
  14.  83 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (2009). Degrees of Freedom. Philosophical Explorations 12 (2):119 – 125.
    I propose a theory of freedom of choice on which it is a variable quality of individual conscious choices that has several dimensions that admit of degrees, even though - as many theorists have traditionally supposed - it also has as a necessary condition the possession of a capacity that is all or nothing. I argue that the proposed account better fits the phenomenology of ostensibly free actions, as well as empirical findings in the human sciences.
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  15.  76 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (2008). Theism and the Scope of Contingency. Oxford Studies in the Philosophy of Religion 1:134-149.
  16.  75 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (1994). Emergent Properties. American Philosophical Quarterly 31 (2):91-104.
    All organised bodies are composed of parts, similar to those composing inorganic nature, and which have even themselves existed in an inorganic state; but the phenomena of life, which result from the juxtaposition of those parts in a certain manner, bear no analogy to any of the effects which would be produced by the action of the component substances considered as mere physical agents. To whatever degree we might imagine our knowledge of the properties of the several ingredients of a (...)
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  17.  74 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (2007). Is It All Just a Matter of Luck? Philosophical Explorations 10 (2):157 – 161.
    A central argument of Alfred Mele's Free Will and Luck (2006) is that the problem of luck poses essentially the same problem for all the main indeterministic accounts of free will. Consequently, there is no advantage is certain theories (notably, agent-causal theories) in their capacity to respond to the problem of luck. I argue that Mele has not made a persuasive case for these claims.
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  18.  72 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor, Free Will. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    “Free Will” is a philosophical term of art for a particular sort of capacity of rational agents to choose a course of action from among various alternatives. Which sort is the free will sort is what all the fuss is about. (And what a fuss it has been: philosophers have debated this question for over two millenia, and just about every major philosopher has had something to say about it.) Most philosophers suppose that the concept of free will is very (...)
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  19.  70 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor & John Churchill (2006). Reasons Explanation And Agent Control: In Search Of An Integrated Account. Philosophical Topics 32 (1):241-256.
  20.  69 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (1994). An Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism? Canadian Journal of Philosophy 24 (4):527-540.
    In his recently published two-volume work in epistemology,1 Alvin Plantinga rounds out the discussion (in characteristic fashion) with a subtle and ingenious argument for a striking claim: in this case, his conclusion is that belief in evolutionary naturalism is irrational. Now this claim is not of itself so very surprising; the tantalizing feature here lies rather in the nature of the argument itself. Plantinga contends that taking seriously the hypothesis of evolutionary naturalism [hereafter, N&E] ought to undermine one's confidence in (...)
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  21.  62 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (1993). Indeterminism and Free Agency: Three Recent Views. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (3):499-26.
    It is a commonplace of philosophy that the notion of free will is a hard nut to crack. A simple, compelling argument can be made to show that behavior for which an agent is morally responsible cannot be the outcome of prior determining causal factors.1 Yet the smug satisfaction with which we incompatibilists are prone to trot out this argument has a tendency to turn to embarrassment when we're asked to explain just how it is that morally responsible action might (...)
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  22.  62 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor & David Robb (eds.) (2003). Philosophy of Mind: Contemporary Readings. Routledge.
    Philosophy of Mind: Contemporary Readings is a comprehensive anthology that draws together leading philosophers writing on the major topics within philosophy of mind. Robb and O'Connor have carefully chosen articles under the following headings: *Substance Dualism and Idealism *Materialism *Mind and Representation *Consciousness Each section is prefaced by an introductory essay by the editors which guides the student gently into the topic in which leading philosophers are included. The book is highly accessible and user-friendly and provides a broad-ranging exploration of (...)
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  23.  59 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor & Constantine Sandis (eds.) (2010). A Companion to the Philosophy of Action. Wiley-Blackwell.
  24.  56 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (2005). Freedom With a Human Face. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 29 (1):207-227.
  25.  54 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (2003). Groundwork for an Emergentist Account of the Mental. Pcid 2.
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  26.  53 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor & John Ross Churchill (2004). Reasons Explanation and Agent Control: In Search of an Integrated Account. Philosophical Topics 32 (1):241.
  27.  52 DLs
    Jonathan D. Jacobs & Timothy O'Connor (2010). Emergent Individuals and the Resurrection. European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 2 (2).
    We present an original emergent individuals view of human persons, on which persons are substantial biological unities that exemplify metaphysically emergent mental states. We argue that this view allows for a coherent model of identity-preserving resurrection from the dead consistent with orthodox Christian doctrine, one that improves upon alternatives accounts recently proposed by a number of authors. Our model is a variant of the “falling elevator” model advanced by Dean Zimmerman that, unlike Zimmerman’s, does not require a closest continuer account (...)
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  28.  45 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (2001). A House Divided Against Itself Cannot Stand: Plantinga on the Self-Defeat of Evolutionary Naturalism. In James Beilby (ed.), Naturalism Defeated? Essays on Plantinga's Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism. Cornell
  29.  44 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (1992). The Impossibility of Middle Knowledge. Philosophical Studies 66 (2):139 - 166.
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  30.  41 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (2005). Pastoral Counsel for the Anxious Naturalist: Daniel Dennett's Freedom Evolves. Metaphilosophy 36 (4):436-448.
    The church-going philosopher who settles in for an extended reading of Dan Dennett’s new book will find himself in a familiar circumstance. What one confronts is a lot more like an extended sermon than it is a typical philosophical treatise. And, whatever one’s Sunday morning habits, one can’t help but admire the preaching skills artfully displayed. The delivery is powerful and assured; the argument is streamlined, peppered with evocative and delightful illustrations that will be recalled long after the particular points (...)
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  31.  39 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (1993). On the Transfer of Necessity. Noûs 27 (2):204-18.
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  32.  38 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (2003). Understanding Free Will: Might We Double-Think? [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 67 (1):222-229.
  33.  31 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (1993). Alternative Possibilities and Responsibility. Southern Journal of Philosophy 31 (3):345-372.
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  34.  26 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (1993). Scotus on the Existence of a First Efficient Cause. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 33 (1):17 - 32.
  35.  24 DLs
    Jonathan D. Jacobs & Timothy O'Connor (2013). Agent Causation in a Neo-Aristotelian Metaphysics. In Sophie C. Gibb & Rögnvaldur Ingthorsson (eds.), Mental Causation and Ontology. Oxford University Press
  36.  24 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (1994). Thomas Reid on Free Agency. Journal of the History of Philosophy 32 (4):605-622.
    Reid takes it to be part of our commonsense view of ourselves that "we" -- "qua" enduring substances, not merely "qua" subjects of efficacious mental states -- are often the immediate causes of our own volitions. Only if this conviction is veridical, Reid thinks, may we be properly held to be responsible for our actions (indeed, may we truly be said to "act" at all). This paper offers an interpretation of Reid's account of such agency (taking account of Rowe's recent (...)
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  37.  21 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor & John Ross Churchil (2009). Nonreductive Physicalism or Emergent Dualism : The Argument From Mental Causation. In Robert C. Koons & George Bealer (eds.), The Waning of Materialism: New Essays. Oxford University Press
  38.  20 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (2005). Review of William Rowe, Can God Be Free?. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2005 (4).
    Consider the idea of God in classical philosophical theology. God is a personal being perfect in every way: absolutely independent of everything, such that nothing exists apart from God's willing it to be so; unlimited in power and knowledge; perfectly blissful, lacking in nothing needed or desired; morally perfect. If such a being were to create, on what basis would He choose? Let us assume (as perfect being theologians generally do) that there is an objective, degreed property of intrinsic goodness, (...)
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  39.  20 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (2009). Agent-Causal Power. In Toby Handfield (ed.), Dispositions and Causes. Oxford University Press, Clarendon Press ;
  40.  19 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (ed.) (1995). Agents, Causes, and Events: Essays on Indeterminism and Free Will. Oxford University Press.
    Many philosophers are persuaded by familiar arguments that free will is incompatible with causal determinism. Yet, notoriously, past attempts to articulate how the right type of indeterminism might secure the capacity for autonomous action have generally been regarded as either demonstrably inadequate or irremediably obscure. This volume gathers together the most significant recent discussions concerning the prospects for devising a satisfactory indeterministic account of freedom of action. These essays give greater precision to traditional formulations of the problems associated with indeterministic (...)
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  41.  16 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (2007). Review of Peter Unger, All the Power in the World. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (3).
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  42.  15 DLs
    Timothy E. O'Connor, Julien S. Murphy, Irving H. Anellis, Pavel Kovaly, Nigel Gibson, N. G. O. Pereira, Fred Seddon, Oliva Blanchette & Friedrich Rapp (1996). Reviews. [REVIEW] Studies in East European Thought 48 (2-4):135-137.
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  43.  14 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (2004). Review of George Molnar, Powers: A Study in Metaphysics. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2004 (2).
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  44.  12 DLs
    Timothy E. O'Connor, John W. Murphy, John Riser, Thomas Nemeth & Robert C. Williams (1995). Reviews. [REVIEW] Studies in East European Thought 47 (1-2):93-95.
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  45.  12 DLs
    Timothy O'Connor (2008). Theism and Ultimate Explanation: The Necessary Shape of Contingency. Blackwell Pub..
    An expansive, yet succinct, analysis of the Philosophy of Religion --from metaphysics through theology. Organized into two sections, the text first examines truths concerning what is possible and what is necessary. These chapters lay the foundation for the book’s second part -- the search for a metaphysical framework that permits the possibility of an ultimate explanation that is correct and complete.
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  46.  11 DLs
    Timothy E. O'Connor (1998). Bruce W. Menning, Bayonets Before Bullets: The Imperial Russian Army, 1861–1914. Studies in East European Thought 50 (1):59-61.
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  47.  11 DLs
    Fred Seddon, James G. Colbert, Timothy E. O'Connor, F. J. Adelmann, John W. Murphy, J. L. Black & Thomas Nemeth (1991). Reviews. [REVIEW] Studies in East European Thought 41 (2):145-172.
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  48.  11 DLs
    Kurt Marko, R. C. Elwood, Fred Seddon, John D. Windhausen, Timothy E. O'Connor & Robert C. Williams (1989). Reviews. [REVIEW] Studies in East European Thought 37 (4):227-229.
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  49.  10 DLs
    Frederick J. Adelmann, Tom Rockmore & Timothy E. O'Connor (1991). Reviews. [REVIEW] Studies in East European Thought 41 (3):233-242.
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