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  1. Timothy Shanahan, Darwinian Medicine.
    Darwinian principles have been remarkably successful in explaining otherwise puzzling features of the living world. The human body surely qualifies as a part of the living world. It would therefore be surprising if Darwinian principles were not helpful in explaining how our bodies work, and why they so often fail to work as we think they should. However, only recently have evolutionary biologists teamed up with physicians to try to understand the evolutionary causes of "why we get sick". The result (...)
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  2. Timothy Shanahan (2011). Diversity and Complexity Are Easy. Metascience 20 (2):355-358.
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  3. Timothy Shanahan (2011). Phylogenetic Inertia and Darwin's Higher Law. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 42 (1):60-68.
  4. Timothy Shanahan (2010). A Clever Ruse. Bioscience 60 (7):553-555.
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  5. Timothy Shanahan (2010). Defining Darwin: Essays on the History and Philosophy of Evolutionary Biology. Bioscience 56 (7):553-555.
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  6. John A. Vucetich, Michael P. Nelson, Courtney Schultz, Daniel B. Botkin, Timothy Shanahan & Paula Mabee (2010). 10. Thinking of Biology. Bioscience 60 (7).
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  7. Timothy Shanahan (2008). Why Don't Zebras Have Machine Guns Adaptation, Selection, and Constraints in Evolutionary Theory. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (1):135-146.
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  8. Timothy Shanahan (2007). Darwinian Reductionism: Or, How to Stop Worrying and Love Molecular Biology. Bioscience 57 (7):629.
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  9. Timothy Shanahan (2005). Introduction. In , Philosophy 9/11: Thinking About the War on Terrorism. Open Court.
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  10. Timothy Shanahan (ed.) (2005). Philosophy 9/11: Thinking About the War on Terrorism. Open Court.
    Fifteen philosophers turn their thoughts to international terrorism and the war that it has spawned, lending their expertise in law, ethics, politics, feminism, ...
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  11. Timothy Shanahan (2004). Design by Nature. Bioscience 54 (11):1044.
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  12. Timothy Shanahan (2004). The Evolution of Darwinism: Selection, Adaptation, and Progress in Evolutionary Biology. Cambridge University Press.
    No other scientific theory has had as tremendous an impact on our understanding of the world as Darwin's theory as outlined in his Origin of Species, yet from the very beginning the theory has been subject to controversy. The Evolution of Darwinism focuses on three issues of debate - the nature of selection, the nature and scope of adaptation, and the question of evolutionary progress. It traces the varying interpretations to which these issues were subjected from the beginning and the (...)
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  13. Timothy Shanahan (2003). The Evolutionary Indeterminism Thesis. Bioscience 53 (2):163.
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  14. Timothy Shanahan (2001). Response From Shanahan. Bioscience 51 (1):6.
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  15. Judith S. Weis, Timothy Shanahan, Scott Norris, Beth Baker, John N. Thompson, Oj Reichman, Peter J. Morin, Gary A. Polis, Mary E. Power & Robert W. Sterner (2001). 1. Departments. Bioscience 51 (12).
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  16. Timothy Shanahan (2000). Evolutionary Progress? Bioscience 50 (5):451.
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  17. Timothy Shanahan (1997). Pluralism, Antirealism, and the Units of Selection. Acta Biotheoretica 45 (2).
    In an important article, Kim Sterelny and Philip Kitcher (1988) challenge the common assumption that for any biological phenomenon requiring a selectionist explanation, it is possible to identify a uniquely correct account of the relevant selection process. They argue that selection events can be modeled in any of a number of different, equally correct ways. They call their view 'Pluralism,' and explicitly connect it with various antirealist positions in the philosophy of science. I critically evaluate Sterelny and Kitcher's Pluralism along (...)
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  18. Timothy Shanahan (1991). Chance as an Explanatory Factor in Evolutionary Biology. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 13 (2):249 - 268.
    Darwinian evolutionary biology has often been criticized for appealing to the notion of 'chance' in its explanations. According to some critics, such appeals exhibit the explanatory poverty of evolutionary theory. In response, defenders of Darwinism sometimes downplay the importance of 'chance' in evolution. I believe that both of these approaches are mistaken. The main thesis of this paper is that the term 'chance' encompasses a number of distinct concepts, and that at least some of these concepts serve essential explanatory functions (...)
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  19. Timothy Shanahan (1990). Evolution, Phenotypic Selection, and the Units of Selection. Philosophy of Science 57 (2):210-225.
    In recent years philosophers have attempted to clarify the units of selection controversy in evolutionary biology by offering conceptual analyses of the term 'unit of selection'. A common feature of many of these analyses is an emphasis on the claim that units of selection are entities exhibiting heritable variation in fitness. In this paper I argue that the demand that units of selection be characterized in terms of heritability is unnecessary, as well as undesirable, on historical, theoretical, and philosophical grounds. (...)
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  20. Timothy Shanahan (1989). Beatty on Chance and Natural Selection. Philosophy of Science 56 (3):484-489.
    In his (1984) John Beatty correctly identifies the issue of the role of chance in evolution as one of the liveliest disputes in evolutionary biology. He argues, on the basis of a carefully articulated example, that "Even on a proper construal of 'natural selection', it is difficult to distinguish between the 'improbable results of natural selection' and evolution by random drift". His other remarks indicate that he is thinking of conceptual as well as practical indistinguishability. In this discussion I take (...)
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  21. Timothy Shanahan (1989). Kant, Naturphilosophie, and Oersted's Discovery of Electromagnetism: A Reassessment. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 20 (3):287-305.
  22. Timothy Shanahan (1988). God and Nature in the Thought of Robert Boyle. Journal of the History of Philosophy 26 (4):547-569.
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  23. Timothy Shanahan (1986). The First Moment of Scientific Inquiry: C. S. Peirce on the Logic of Abduction. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 22 (4):449 - 466.
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