Search results for 'Tobias Richter' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  21
    Benjamin E. Hilbig & Tobias Richter (2011). Homo Heuristicus Outnumbered: Comment on Gigerenzer and Brighton (2009). Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (1):187-196.
    Gigerenzer and Brighton (2009) have argued for a “Homo heuristicus” view of judgment and decision making, claiming that there is evidence for a majority of individuals using fast and frugal heuristics. In this vein, they criticize previous studies that tested the descriptive adequacy of some of these heuristics. In addition, they provide a reanalysis of experimental data on the recognition heuristic that allegedly supports Gigerenzer and Brighton’s view of pervasive reliance on heuristics. However, their arguments and reanalyses are both conceptually (...)
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  2.  2
    Tobias Richter & Rolf A. Zwaan (2009). Processing of Color Words Activates Color Representations. Cognition 111 (3):383-389.
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  3.  1
    Wayne Richter (1975). Review: N. V. Belyakin, A Variation of Richter's Construction of Ordinals. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (4):626-626.
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  4.  1
    David H. Richter (1974). Pandora's Box Revisited: A Review Article. Critical Inquiry 1 (2):453.
    The first important reaction in favor of generic criticism here was that of the Chicago neo-Aristotelians, whose feisty polemics against the "New" critics must have seemed, in the 1940s and 1950s, like voices crying in the wilderness. The popularity of Northrop Frye's Anatomy of Criticism—also ostensibly based upon Aristotle's example—won the concept of genre broader support. And today, if the books covering my desk are anything to go by, genre criticism has emerged in force. The flood has brought forth historical (...)
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  5.  2
    Gerhard Richter (2007). Thought-Images: Frankfurt School Writers’ Reflections From Damaged Life. Stanford University Press.
    In this book, Gerhard Richter explores the aesthetic and political ramifications of the literary genre of the Denkbild, or thought-image, as it was employed by four major German-Jewish writers and philosophers of the first half of the ...
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  6.  58
    Guido Palazzo & Ulf Richter (2005). CSR Business as Usual? The Case of the Tobacco Industry. Journal of Business Ethics 61 (4):387 - 401.
    Tobacco companies have started to position themselves as good corporate citizens. The effort towards CSR engagement in the tobacco industry is not only heavily criticized by anti-tobacco NGOs. Some opponents such as the the World Health Organization have even categorically questioned the possibility of social responsibility in the tobacco industry. The paper will demonstrate that the deep distrust towards tobacco companies is linked to the lethal character of their products and the dubious behavior of their representatives in recent decades. As (...)
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  7.  83
    Daniel D. Richter & Daniel Markewitz (forthcoming). How Deep is Soil? BioScience.
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  8. Diego Frustaglia & Klaus Richter (2001). Ballistic Quantum Transport: Effect of Geometrical Phases. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 31 (2):399-421.
    We study the influence of nonuniform magnetic fields on the magneto conductance of mesoscopic microstructures. We show that the coupling of the electron spin to the inhomogenous field gives rise to effects of the Berry phase on ballistic quantum transport and discuss adiabaticity conditions required to observe such effects. We present numerical results for different ring geometries showing a splitting of Aharonov–Bohm conductance peaks for single rings and corresponding signatures of the geometrical phase in weak localization. The latter features can (...)
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  9.  7
    Ulf Henning Richter (2010). Liberal Thought in Reasoning on CSR. Journal of Business Ethics 97 (4):625 - 649.
    In this article, I argue that conventional reasoning on corporate social responsibility (CSR) is based on the assumption of a liberal market economy in the context of a nation state. I build on the study of Scherer and Palazzo (Acad Manage Rev 32(4):1096-1120, 2007), developing a number of criteria to identify elements of liberal philosophy in the ongoing CSR debate. I discuss their occurrence in the CSR literature in detail and reflect on the implications, taking into account the emerging political (...)
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  10.  6
    N. LeRoy Poff, J. David Allan, Mark B. Bain, James R. Karr, Karen L. Prestegaard, Brian D. Richter, Richard E. Sparks & Julie C. Stromberg (1997). The Natural Flow Regime. BioScience 47 (11):769-784.
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  11.  10
    Wolfgang Richter, Randy Summers, Seong-Gi Kim & Carola Tegeler, Motor Area Activity During Mental Rotation Studied by Time-Resolved Single-Trial fMRI.
    & The functional equivalence of overt movements and dynamic imagery is of fundamental importance in neuroscience. Here, we investigated the participation of the neocortical motor areas in a classic task of dynamic imagery, Shepard and Metzler's mental rotation task, by time-resolved single-trial functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI). The subjects performed the mental-rotation task 16 times, each time with different object pairs. Functional images were acquired for each pair separately, and the onset times and..
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  12.  67
    G. Codes & F. Richter (1956). The Twenty-Five-Hundredth Anniversary of the Buddha. Diogenes 4 (15):95-111.
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  13.  1
    Werner Kogge & Michael Richter (2013). Synthetic Biology and its Alternatives. Descartes, Kant and the Idea of Engineering Biological Machines. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 44 (2):181-189.
    The engineering-based approach of synthetic biology is characterized by an assumption that ‘engineering by design’ enables the construction of ‘living machines’. These ‘machines’, as biological machines, are expected to display certain properties of life, such as adapting to changing environments and acting in a situated way. This paper proposes that a tension exists between the expectations placed on biological artefacts and the notion of producing such systems by means of engineering; this tension makes it seem implausible that biological systems, especially (...)
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  14.  1
    Karen A. Poiani, Brian D. Richter, Mark G. Anderson & Holly E. Richter (2000). Biodiversity Conservation at Multiple Scales: Functional Sites, Landscapes, and Networks. BioScience 50 (2):133.
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  15.  17
    Ulf Henning Richter (2011). Drivers of Change: A Multiple-Case Study on the Process of Institutionalization of Corporate Responsibility Among Three Multinational Companies. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 102 (2):261-279.
    In this multiple-case study, I analyze the perceived importance of seven categories of institutional entrepreneurs (DiMaggio, Institutional patterns and organizations, Ballinger, Cambridge, MA, 1988 ) for the corporate social responsibility discourse of three multinational companies. With this study, I aim to significantly advance the empirical analysis of the CSR discourse for a better understanding of facts and fiction in the process of institutionalization of CSR in MNCs. I conducted 42 semi-structured face-to-face and phone interviews in two rounds with 30 corporate (...)
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  16.  0
    Thomas Morgenstern & Gerd Richter (2013). Experiential Learning in Clinical Ethics Consultation. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 22 (2):216-226.
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  17. Duncan Richter, Wittgenstein's Ethics in the Koder Diaries.
    The subject of this paper is not Wittgensteinian ethics but Wittgenstein’s own ethical beliefs, specifically as these are revealed in the so-called Koder diaries. While the Koder Diaries, also known as Manuscript 183, do contain the kind of thing that one would expect to find in a diary (e.g. accounts of travel and personal relationships), they also contain more obviously philosophical remarks, sometimes as reflections on these personal remarks. Wittgenstein’s diaries illustrate well a point that Iris Murdoch has emphasized, that (...)
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  18.  3
    Burkhard Gerdes & Gerd Richter (1999). Ethik-Konsultationsdienst Nach Dem Konzept von J.C. Fletcher an der University of Virginia, Charlottesville, USA. Ethik in der Medizin 11 (4):249-261.
    Definition of the problem: In Germany, clinical ethics is still in the state of development. Ethics consultation is very new and rare in the clinical setting in German university hospitals. Therefore this paper describes the clinical ethics activities at the Medical Center of Philipps University, Marburg, regard to ethics consultation in a case report. Clinical ethics rounds at the Surgical Intensive Care Unit are organized according to the theory and practice of the ethics consultation service at the Medical Center of (...)
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  19.  2
    S. Tobias (2005). Foucault on Freedom and Capabilities. Theory, Culture and Society 22 (4):65-85.
    Within recent scholarship, a long-standing tendency to view Foucault as pessimistic about the possibilities of activism is now being reversed. For many contemporary commentators who emphasize the themes of personal agency, transgression and radical freedom in their assessment of his thought, Foucault offers new possibilities for political practice and for the pursuit of self-determination. However, an examination of Foucault’s work, particularly in the transitional period preceding his so-called ‘ethical’ writings, indicates his appreciation of basic human needs and functions that complicates (...)
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  20. Gerhard Richter (ed.) (2010). Language Without Soil: Adorno and Late Philosophical Modernity. Fordham University Press.
  21.  6
    Gerd Richter (2002). Doktorandenkolloquium „Ethik in der Medizin” der Akademie für Ethik in der Medizin e.V., Bad Boll (22.-24.05.02). Ethik in der Medizin 14 (4):293-294.
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  22.  7
    Leah Segal & Ruth Richter (2001). Criticism and Democracy. Inquiry 20 (4):34-41.
    This paper describes a holistic approach and an interdisciplinary curriculum in enhancing critical thinking and education for democracy at the junior-high schools and highschools levels. The curriculum includes academic subjects such as the humanities, sciences, social sciences and art. The aim of this curriculum is not to teach an additional lesson in history, political sciences, art, etc., but to fostercritical thinking and democratic behavior. The theoretical framework has two bases. The first derives from eighteenth century rationalism and scientific thinking, while (...)
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  23.  18
    Reinhart Koselleck & Michaela Richter (2006). Crisis. Journal of the History of Ideas 67 (2):357-400.
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  24. Reed Richter, DNA, Masterpieces, and Abortion: Shifting the Grounds of the Debate.
    Writers, philosophers, and theologians have oft made the comparison between being a mature human being and a masterpiece work of art or design. Employing the analogy between the creation of artistic value and the creation of full-fledged human value, this paper stakes out a middle ground between pro-choice and pro-life by considering a more general account of value and the relationship between being a potential X and a mature implementation of X's potential. I argue that the value of a potential (...)
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  25. Reed Richter, American Science and its Anti-Evolutionist Critics: It's the Evidence Stupid.
    This is an unpublished talk written for a meeting of French philosophers. The paper describes the evolution versus creationism/intelligent design controversy in the U.S. A number of philosophers and scientists try to resolve this issue by sharply distinguishing the realm of science versus any talk of the supernatural. These pro-evolutionists often appeal to science's essential commitment to "methodological naturalism," the view that scientific methodology is essentially committed to naturalism and cannot meaningfully entertain hypotheses concerning the supernatural. I criticize methodological naturalism, (...)
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  26.  25
    Paul Richter (1969). Flat Surfaces and Pictorial Depth. British Journal of Aesthetics 9 (3):231-245.
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  27.  35
    Reed Richter (1984). Rationality Revisited. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 62 (4):392 – 403.
    This paper looks at a dispute decision theory about how best to characterize expected utility maximization and express the logic of rational choice. Where A1, … , An are actions open to some particular agent, and S1, … , Sn are mutually exclusive states of the world such that the agent knows at least one of which obtains, does the logic of rational choice require an agent to consider the conditional probability of choice Ai given that some state Si obtains, (...)
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  28.  5
    Mark J. Allman & L. Winright Tobias (2011). Tradition and Post War Justice. New York: Orbis, 2010. 232 Pp. [REVIEW] Ethical Perspectives 18 (3):441-461.
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  29.  5
    Daniel L. Rubin, Noy N. F. and Musen M. A. Lewis, Chris J. Mungall, Sima Misra, Monty Westerfield, Michael Ashburner, Ida Sim, Christopher G. Chute, Harold Solbrig, Margaret A. Storey, Barry Smith, John D. Richter, Natasha F. Noy & Mark A. Musen (2006). The National Center for Biomedical Ontology: Advancing Biomedicine Through Structured Organization of Scientific Knowledge. Omics: A Journal of Integrative Biology, 10(2), 2006, 10 (2):185-198.
    The National Center for Biomedical Ontology is a consortium that comprises leading informaticians, biologists, clinicians, and ontologists, funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Roadmap, to develop innovative technology and methods that allow scientists to record, manage, and disseminate biomedical information and knowledge in machine-processable form. The goals of the Center are (1) to help unify the divergent and isolated efforts in ontology development by promoting high quality open-source, standards-based tools to create, manage, and use ontologies, (2) to create (...)
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  30.  11
    Melvin Richter (2005). A Family of Political Concepts Tyranny, Despotism, Bonapartism, Caesarism, Dictatorship, 1750-1917. European Journal of Political Theory 4 (3):221-248.
    It has been argued recently that tyranny is a persisting phenomenon very much alive today, a greater danger than newer forms of misrule such as totalitarianism. One argument is based on human nature being such that the temptation to abuse political power in the form of tyranny remains a possibility in all societies. Another defines tyranny as a spiritual disorder of the soul and polity. Both date the 19th century as the time when tyranny dropped out of the western political (...)
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  31.  3
    Farley S. Nobre, Andrew M. Tobias & David S. Walker (2009). The Impact of Cognitive Machines on Complex Decisions and Organizational Change. AI and Society 24 (4):365-381.
    Humans and organizations have limitations of computational capacity and information management. Such constraints are synonymous with bounded rationality. Therefore, in order to extend the human and organizational boundaries to more advanced models of cognition, this research proposes concepts of cognitive machines in organizations. From a micro point of view, what makes this research distinct is that, beyond people, it includes in the list of participants of the organization the cognitive machines. From a macro point of view, this paper relies on (...)
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  32.  5
    Gerhard Richter (1990). Projecting Culture. Semiotics:362-369.
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  33.  2
    Gerd Richter (2009). Clinical Ethics as Liaison Service: Concepts and Experiences in Collaboration with Operative Medicine. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 18 (04):360-.
    Over the past decade, clinical ethics has received growing attention in Germany as in most European countries. In the mid-1990s, most European countries made efforts to establish healthcare ethics committees and clinical ethics consultation services. The development of clinical ethics discourse and activities in Germany, however, was delayed and, consequently, is still in its natal phase. Until the end of the 1990s, the only institutionalized bodies of ethical reflection were the research ethics committees at university medical centers and at the (...)
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  34.  57
    Daniel Hunter & Reed Richter (1978). Counterfactuals and Newcomb's Paradox. Synthese 39 (2):249 - 261.
    In their development of causal decision theory, Allan Gibbard and William Harper advocate a particular method for calculating the expected utility of an action, a method based upon the probabilities of certain counterfactuals. Gibbard and Harper then employ their method to support a two-box solution to Newcomb’s paradox. This paper argues against some of Gibbard and Harper’s key claims concerning the truth-values and probabilities of counterfactuals involved in expected utility calculations, thereby disputing their analysis of Newcomb’s Paradox. If we are (...)
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  35.  43
    F. Richter & J. Rado (2013). Negative Polarity in German: Some Experimental Results. Journal of Semantics (1):ffs023.
    We discuss four experiments in which we investigated the acceptability of a large set of Negative Polarity Items (NPIs) in semantically and syntactically different environments. The first two experiments distinguish two subsets of NPIs whose behavior patterns with semantic definitions of weak and strong NPIs: One set (strong NPIs) is less acceptable in the local environment of non-anti-additive downward-entailing operators than the other set (weak NPIs), but they are all equally acceptable in anti-additive environments. In the next two experiments we (...)
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  36.  5
    E. D. Richter (2001). Extending the Boundaries of the Declaration of Helsinki: A Case Study of an Unethical Experiment in a Non-Medical Setting. Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (2):126-129.
    To examine the ethical issues involved in governmental decisions with potential health risks, we review the history of the decision to raise the interurban speed limit in Israel in light of its impact on road death and injury. In 1993, the Israeli Ministry of Transportation initiated an “experiment” to raise the interurban speed limit from 90 to 100 kph. The “experiment” did not include a protocol and did not specify cut-off points for early termination in the case of adverse results. (...)
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  37.  4
    Thomas W. Fitzhugh & Brian D. Richter (2004). Quenching Urban Thirst: Growing Cities and Their Impacts on Freshwater Ecosystems. BioScience 54 (8):741.
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  38.  1
    Duncan Richter (2004). Wittgenstein at His Word. Thoemmes Continuum.
    This book explains how Wittgenstein's idea of the value of philosophy shaped his philosophical method and led him to talk and write about the abstruse questions ...
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  39.  11
    Gerd Richter (2007). Greater Patient, Family and Surrogate Involvement in Clinical Ethics Consultation: The Model of Clinical Ethics Liaison Service as a Measure for Preventive Ethics. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 19 (4):327-340.
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  40.  13
    Gisela M. A. Richter (1926). Ancient Furniture: A History of Greek Etruscan and Roman Furniture. Journal of Hellenic Studies 46:274.
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  41.  18
    Saul Tobias (2006). Hegel and the Politics of Recognition. The Owl of Minerva 38 (1/2):101-126.
    While political philosophers have turned to Hegel’s notion of recognition in their development of a theory of identity politics, a careful reading of the Phenomenology of Spirit, and of the master-servant dialectic in particular, reveals the limits of this approach. For Hegel, recognition cannot be separated from a process of self-determination, which is as essential to the development of genuine autonomy as the affirmation of claims to recognition. This article examines the role of self-determination in the Phenomenology of Spirit and (...)
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  42.  16
    C. P. Richter (1975). Astronomical References in Biological Rhythms. In J. T. Fraser & Nathaniel M. Lawrence (eds.), The Study of Time Ii. Springer-Verlag 39--53.
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  43.  53
    Paul Richter (1976). On Professor Gombrich's Model of Schema and Correction. British Journal of Aesthetics 16 (4):338-346.
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  44.  30
    Reed Richter (1990). Ideal Rationality and Hand Waving. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 68 (2):147 – 156.
    In discussions surrounding epistemology and rationality, it is often useful to assume an agent is rational or ideally rational. Often, this ideal rationality assumption is spelled out along the following lines: -/- 1. The agent believes everything about a situation which the evidence entitles her to believe and nothing which it does not. -/- 2. The agent believes all the logical consequences of any of her beliefs. -/- 3. The agent knows her own mind: if she believes P, she believes (...)
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  45. Reed Richter (2002). What Science Can and Cannot Say: The Problems with Methodological Naturalism. Reports of the National Center for Science Education 22 (Jan-Apr 2002):18-22.
    This paper rejects a view of science called "methodological naturalism." -/- According to many defenders of mainstream science and Darwinian evolution, anti-evolution critics--creationists and intelligent design proponents--are conceptually and epistemologically confusing science and religion, a supernatural view of world. These defenders of evolution contend that doing science requires adhering to a methodology that is strictly and essentially naturalistic: science is essentially committed to "methodological naturalism" and assumes that all the phenomena it investigates are entirely natural and consistent with the laws (...)
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  46.  11
    Reed Richter (1986). Further Comments on Decision Instability. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 64 (3):345 – 349.
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  47.  7
    Duncan Richter (1996). Nothing to Be Said: Wittgenstein and Wittgensteinian Ethics. Southern Journal of Philosophy 34 (2):243-256.
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  48.  48
    Melvin Richter (1982). Toward a Concept of Political Illegitimacy: Bonapartist Dictatorship and Democratic Legitimacy. Political Theory 10 (2):185-214.
  49.  21
    A. Richter (2001). Test of Trace Formulas for Spectra of Superconducting Microwave Billiards. Foundations of Physics 31 (2):327-354.
    Experimental tests of various trace formulas, which in general relate the density of states for a given quantum mechanical system to the properties of the periodic orbits of its classical counterpart, for spectra of superconducting microwave billiards of varying chaoticity are reviewed by way of examples. For a two-dimensional Bunimovich stadium billiard the application of Gutzwiller's trace formula is shown to yield correctly locations and strengths of the peaks in the Fourier transformed quantum spectrum in terms of the shortest unstable (...)
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  50.  3
    Leonhard G. Richter (1994). Heuristische Skepsis. Perspektiven der Philosophie 20:61-79.
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