Search results for 'Toby Walsh' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Fahiem Bacchus & Toby Walsh (eds.) (2005). Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing: 8th International Conference, Sat 2005, St Andrews, Uk, June 19-23, 2005: Proceedings. [REVIEW] Springer.score: 240.0
    This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing, SAT 2005, held in St Andrews, Scotland in June 2005. The 26 revised full papers presented together with 16 revised short papers presented as posters during the technical programme were carefully selected from 73 submissions. The whole spectrum of research in propositional and quantified Boolean formula satisfiability testing is covered including proof systems, search techniques, probabilistic analysis of algorithms and their properties, problem (...)
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  2. John G. Slater & Frederick Michael Walsh (eds.) (2008). A Hundred Years of Philosophy From the Slater & Walsh Collections: Exhibition and Catalogue. Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library, University of Toronto.score: 180.0
     
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  3. Frederick Michael Walsh (ed.) (2004). Philosophy & Bibliophily: An Exhibition Introducing the Walsh Philosophy Collection: The Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library, University of Toronto, 26 January-30 April 2004. [REVIEW] University of Toronto.score: 180.0
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  4. A. Walsh (1998). Walsh, V.-Rationality, Allocation, and Reproduction. Philosophical Books 39:271-272.score: 180.0
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  5. Denis M. Walsh (2010). Not a Sure Thing: Fitness, Probability, and Causation. Philosophy of Science 77 (2):147-171.score: 60.0
    In evolutionary biology changes in population structure are explained by citing trait fitness distribution. I distinguish three interpretations of fitness explanations—the Two‐Factor Model, the Single‐Factor Model, and the Statistical Interpretation—and argue for the last of these. These interpretations differ in their degrees of causal commitment. The first two hold that trait fitness distribution causes population change. Trait fitness explanations, according to these interpretations, are causal explanations. The last maintains that trait fitness distribution correlates with population change but does not cause (...)
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  6. Sylvia Walsh (2008). Kierkegaard: Thinking Christianly in an Existential Mode. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    Sylvia Walsh explores Kierkegaard's understanding of Christianity and the existential mode of thinking theologically appropriate to it in the context of the ...
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  7. Bill Walsh (2009). The Score Takes Care of Itself: My Philosophy of Leadership. Portfolio.score: 60.0
    The last lecture on leadership by the NFL's greatest coach: Bill Walsh Bill Walsh is a towering figure in the history of the NFL.
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  8. George V. Walsh (2000). Ayn Rand and the Metaphysics of Kant. Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 2 (1):69 - 103.score: 60.0
    George V. Walsh examines the differences and similarities between Immanuel Kant and Ayn Rand in the area of metaphysics. He presents Kant's premises and conclusions on the major issues and provides a detailed discussion of Rand's criticisms of Kant. Walsh argues that Rand has seriously misread Kant on several points. Her interpretation—that Kant saw our sensory grasp of the world as "delusion," rather than knowledge—resembles that of Arthur Schopenhauer, except that the latter declares Kant's doctrine worthy of praise (...)
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  9. Sylvia Walsh (2005). Living Christianly: Kierkegaard's Dialectic of Christian Existence. Penn State University Press.score: 60.0
    In this book Sylvia Walsh focuses on the writings of this later period and locates the key to Kierkegaard's understanding of Christianity in the "inverse dialectic" that is involved in "living Christianly.
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  10. David Walsh (2008). The Modern Philosophical Revolution: The Luminosity of Existence. Cambridge University Press.score: 60.0
    The Modern Philosophical Revolution breaks new ground by demonstrating the continuity of European philosophy from Kant to Derrida. Much of the literature on European philosophy has emphasized the breaks that have occurred in the course of two centuries of thinking. But as David Walsh argues, such a reading overlooks the extent to which Kant, Hegel, and Schelling were already engaged in the turn toward existence as the only viable mode of philosophizing. Where many similar studies summarize individual thinkers, this (...)
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  11. Stanislas Dehaene, Roi Cohen Kadosh & Vincent Walsh (2009). The Case for a Notation-Independent Representation of Number. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3):333.score: 60.0
    Cohen Kadosh & Walsh (CK&W) neglect the solid empirical evidence for a convergence of notation-specific representations onto a shared representation of numerical magnitude. Subliminal priming reveals cross-notation and cross-modality effects, contrary to CK&W's prediction that automatic activation is modality and notation-specific. Notation effects may, however, emerge in the precision, speed, automaticity, and means by which the central magnitude representation is accessed.
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  12. Miriam Rosenberg-Lee, Jessica M. Tsang, Vinod Menon, Roi Cohen Kadosh & Vincent Walsh (2009). Symbolic, Numeric, and Magnitude Representations in the Parietal Cortex. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3):350.score: 60.0
    We concur with Cohen Kadosh & Walsh (CK&W) that representation of numbers in the parietal cortex is format dependent. In addition, we suggest that all formats do not automatically, and equally, access analog magnitude representation in the intraparietal sulcus (IPS). Understanding how development, learning, and context lead to differential access of analog magnitude representation is a key question for future research.
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  13. Sean Walsh (2014). Logicism, Interpretability, and Knowledge of Arithmetic. Review of Symbolic Logic 7 (1):84-119.score: 30.0
    A crucial part of the contemporary interest in logicism in the philosophy of mathematics resides in its idea that arithmetical knowledge may be based on logical knowledge. Here an implementation of this idea is considered that holds that knowledge of arithmetical principles may be based on two things: (i) knowledge of logical principles and (ii) knowledge that the arithmetical principles are representable in the logical principles. The notions of representation considered here are related to theory-based and structure-based notions of representation (...)
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  14. Sean Walsh (2012). Comparing Peano Arithmetic, Basic Law V, and Hume's Principle. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 163 (11):1679-1709.score: 30.0
    This paper presents new constructions of models of Hume's Principle and Basic Law V with restricted amounts of comprehension. The techniques used in these constructions are drawn from hyperarithmetic theory and the model theory of fields, and formalizing these techniques within various subsystems of second-order Peano arithmetic allows one to put upper and lower bounds on the interpretability strength of these theories and hence to compare these theories to the canonical subsystems of second-order arithmetic. The main results of this paper (...)
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  15. Hilary Putnam & Vivian Walsh (2007). A Response to Dasgupta. Economics and Philosophy 23 (3):359-364.score: 30.0
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  16. Denis M. Walsh (2006). Evolutionary Essentialism. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (2):425-448.score: 30.0
    According to Aristotelian essentialism, the nature of an organism is constituted of a particular goal-directed disposition to produce an organism typical of its kind. This paper argues—against the prevailing orthodoxy—that essentialism of this sort is indispensable to evolutionary biology. The most powerful anti-essentialist arguments purport to show that the natures of organisms play no explanatory role in modern synthesis biology. I argue that recent evolutionary developmental biology provides compelling evidence to the contrary. Developmental biology shows that one must appeal to (...)
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  17. Denis M. Walsh, Andre Ariew & Tim Lewens (2002). The Trials of Life: Natural Selection and Random Drift. Philosophy of Science 69 (3):452-473.score: 30.0
    We distinguish dynamical and statistical interpretations of evolutionary theory. We argue that only the statistical interpretation preserves the presumed relation between natural selection and drift. On these grounds we claim that the dynamical conception of evolutionary theory as a theory of forces is mistaken. Selection and drift are not forces. Nor do selection and drift explanations appeal to the (sub-population-level) causes of population level change. Instead they explain by appeal to the statistical structure of populations. We briefly discuss the implications (...)
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  18. Roger Walsh (2005). Can Synaesthesia Be Cultivated?: Indications From Surveys of Meditators. Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (s 4-5):5-17.score: 30.0
    Synaesthesia is considered a rare perceptual capacity, and one that is not capable of cultivation. However, meditators report the experience quite commonly, and in questionnaire surveys, respondents claimed to experience synaesthesia in 35% of meditation retreatants, in 63% of a group of regular meditators, and in 86% of advanced teachers. These rates were significantly higher than in nonmeditator controls, and displayed significant correlations with measures of amount of meditation experience. A review of ancient texts found reports suggestive of synaesthesia in (...)
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  19. Sean Walsh (2012). Modal Mereology and Modal Supervenience. Philosophical Studies 159 (1):1-20.score: 30.0
    David Lewis insists that restrictivist composition must be motivated by and occur due to some intuitive desiderata for a relation R among parts that compose wholes, and insists that a restrictivist’s relation R must be vague. Peter van Inwagen agrees. In this paper, I argue that restrictivists need not use such examples of relation R as a criterion for composition, and any restrictivist should reject a number of related mereological theses. This paper critiques Lewis and van Inwagen (and others) on (...)
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  20. Sean Walsh (2014). Empiricism, Probability, and Knowledge of Arithmetic. Journal of Applied Logic 12 (3):319–348.score: 30.0
    The topic of this paper is our knowledge of the natural numbers, and in particular, our knowledge of the basic axioms for the natural numbers, namely the Peano axioms. The thesis defended in this paper is that knowledge of these axioms may be gained by recourse to judgements of probability. While considerations of probability have come to the forefront in recent epistemology, it seems safe to say that the thesis defended here is heterodox from the vantage point of traditional philosophy (...)
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  21. Denis M. Walsh (2007). The Pomp of Superfluous Causes: The Interpretation of Evolutionary Theory. Philosophy of Science 74 (3):281-303.score: 30.0
    There are two competing interpretations of the modern synthesis theory of evolution: the dynamical (also know as ‘traditional’) and the statistical. The dynamical interpretation maintains that explanations offered under the auspices of the modern synthesis theory articulate the causes of evolution. It interprets selection and drift as causes of population change. The statistical interpretation holds that modern synthesis explanations merely cite the statistical structure of populations. This paper offers a defense of statisticalism. It argues that a change in trait frequencies (...)
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  22. J. A. Burgess & Adrian Walsh (1998). Is Genetic Engineering Wrong, Per Se? Journal of Value Inquiry 32 (3):393-406.score: 30.0
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  23. Adrian Walsh (2011). A Moderate Defence of the Use of Thought Experiments in Applied Ethics. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 14 (4):467-481.score: 30.0
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  24. Arthur Hyman & James J. Walsh (eds.) (1973/1983). Philosophy in the Middle Ages: The Christian, Islamic, and Jewish Traditions. Hackett Pub. Co..score: 30.0
    Introduction The editors of this volume hope that it will prove useful for the study of philosophy in the Middle Ages by virtue of the comprehensiveness of ...
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  25. D. M. Walsh (1998). The Scope of Selection: Sober and Neander on What Natural Selection Explains. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 76 (2):250 – 264.score: 30.0
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  26. Denis M. Walsh (2003). Fit and Diversity: Explaining Adaptive Evolution. Philosophy of Science 70 (2):280-301.score: 30.0
    According to a prominent view of evolutionary theory, natural selection and the processes of development compete for explanatory relevance. Natural selection theory explains the evolution of biological form insofar as it is adaptive. Development is relevant to the explanation of form only insofar as it constrains the adaptation-promoting effects of selection. I argue that this view of evolutionary theory is erroneous. I outline an alternative, according to which natural selection explains adaptive evolution by appeal to the statistical structure of populations, (...)
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  27. D. M. Walsh (1996). Fitness and Function. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (4):553-574.score: 30.0
    According to historical theories of biological function, a trait's function is determined by natural selection in the past. I argue that, in addition to historical functions, ahistorical functions ought to be recognized. I propose a theory of biological function which accommodates both. The function of a trait is the way it contributes to fitness and fitness can only be determined relative to a selective regime. Therefore, the function of a trait can only be specified relative to a selective regime. Apart (...)
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  28. Steve Clarke & Adrian Walsh (2009). Scientific Imperialism and the Proper Relations Between the Sciences. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 23 (2):195 – 207.score: 30.0
    John Dupr argues that 'scientific imperialism' can result in 'misguided' science being considered acceptable. 'Misguided' is an explicitly normative term and the use of the pejorative 'imperialistic' is implicitly normative. However, Dupr has not justified the normative dimension of his critique. We identify two ways in which it might be justified. It might be justified if colonisation prevents a discipline from progressing in ways that it might otherwise progress. It might also be justified if colonisation prevents the expression of important (...)
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  29. Clare R. Walsh & Steven A. Sloman (2011). The Meaning of Cause and Prevent: The Role of Causal Mechanism. Mind and Language 26 (1):21-52.score: 30.0
    How do people understand questions about cause and prevent? Some theories propose that people affirm that A causes B if A's occurrence makes a difference to B's occurrence in one way or another. Other theories propose that A causes B if some quantity or symbol gets passed in some way from A to B. The aim of our studies is to compare these theories' ability to explain judgements of causation and prevention. We describe six experiments that compare judgements for causal (...)
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  30. Denis M. Walsh & André Ariew (1996). A Taxonomy of Functions. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 26 (4):493 - 514.score: 30.0
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  31. Tony Lynch & A. J. Walsh (2000). The Good Mercenary? Journal of Political Philosophy 8 (2):133–153.score: 30.0
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  32. Adrian Walsh (2010). What is Analytic Philosophy? Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (4):734-737.score: 30.0
    Analytic philosophy is roughly a hundred years old, and it is now the dominant force within Western philosophy. Interest in its historical development is increasing, but there has hitherto been no sustained attempt to elucidate what it currently amounts to, and how it differs from so-called 'continental' philosophy. In this rich and wide-ranging book, Hans Johann Glock argues that analytic philosophy is a loose movement held together both by ties of influence and by various 'family resemblances'. He considers the pros (...)
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  33. Kate Padgett Walsh (2010). Abortion: Rights, Responsibilities, Obligations. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (12):63-64.score: 30.0
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  34. D. M. Walsh (2004). Bookkeeping or Metaphysics? The Units of Selection Debate. Synthese 138 (3):337 - 361.score: 30.0
    The Units of Selection debate is a dispute about the causes of population change. I argue that it is generated by a particular `dynamical'' interpretation of natural selection theory, according to which natural selection causes differential survival and reproduction of individuals and natural selection explanations cite these causes. I argue that the dynamical interpretation is mistaken and offer in outline an alternative, `statistical'' interpretation, according to which natural selection theory is a fancy kind of `bookkeeping''. It explains by citing the (...)
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  35. John Baker, Kathleen Lynch, Sara Cantillon & Judy Walsh (2006). Equality: Putting the Theory Into Action. Res Publica 12 (4):411-433.score: 30.0
    We outline our central reasons for pursuing the project of equality studies and some of the thinking we have done within an equality studies framework. We try to show that a multi-dimensional conceptual framework, applied to a set of key social contexts and articulating the concerns of subordinate social groups, can be a fruitful way of putting the idea of equality into practice. Finally, we address some central questions about how to bring about egalitarian social change.
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  36. Alvaro Pascual-Leone & Vincent Walsh (2001). Fast Backprojections From the Motion to the Primary Visual Area Necessary for Visual Awareness. Science 292 (5516):510-512.score: 30.0
  37. Denis M. Walsh (2001). Naturalism, Evolution and the Mind. Cambridge University Press.score: 30.0
    This collection of original essays covers a wide range of issues in current naturalised philosophy of mind.
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  38. Denis Walsh (2012). Mechanism and Purpose: A Case for Natural Teleology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 43 (1):173-181.score: 30.0
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  39. D. M. Walsh (2006). Organisms as Natural Purposes: The Contemporary Evolutionary Perspective. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 37 (4):771-791.score: 30.0
    I argue that recent advances in developmental biology demonstrate the inadequacy of suborganismal mechanism. The category of the organism, construed as a ’natural purpose’ should play an ineliminable role in explaining ontogenetic development and adaptive evolution. According to Kant the natural purposiveness of organisms cannot be demonstrated to be an objective principle in nature, nor can purposiveness figure in genuine explain. I attempt to argue, by appeal to recent work on self-organization, that the purposiveness of organisms is a natural phenomenon (...)
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  40. Sean Walsh (2007). Incongruent Counterparts and Causality. Kant-Studien 98 (4):418-430.score: 30.0
    Two puzzles with regard to the Kritik der reinen Vernunft (KrV) are incongruent counterparts and causality. In De mundi sensibilis atque intelligibilis forma et principiis (MSI), Kant indicates that the experience of things like left and right hands, so-called incongruent counterparts, involve certain pure intuitions, and hence constitute one line of evidence for the claim that the concept of space itself is a pure intuition. In KrV, Kant again argues that the concept of space itself is a pure intuition, but (...)
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  41. Denis M. Walsh (2002). Brentano's Chestnuts. In Andre Ariew, Robert Cummins & Mark Perlman (eds.), Functions. Oxford University Press. 314.score: 30.0
  42. Julie Walsh (2011). The Minds of the Moderns (Review). [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 31 (3):232-4.score: 30.0
  43. Francis Michael Walsh (2008). The Return of the Naturalistic Fallacy: A Dialogue on Human Flourishing. Heythrop Journal 49 (3):370-387.score: 30.0
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  44. Brian Hazelton Walsh (2010). The Spatialisation of Disease: Foucualt and Evidence-Based Medicine (Ebm). [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 7 (1):31-42.score: 30.0
    In this paper I draw on the French philosopher Michel Foucault for a viewpoint on aspects of EBM. This means that I develop his idea of the spaces occupied by disease. I give much of the paper to only one of these spaces, the space of perception of disease, in order to major on the medical gaze, one of Foucault’s best-known contributions to the philosophy of medicine. As I explain what I mean by each of the spaces of disease, I (...)
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  45. Denis M. Walsh (1998). Wide Content Individualism. Mind 107 (427):625-652.score: 30.0
    Wide content and individualist approaches to the individuation of thoughts appear to be incompatible; I think they are not. I propose a criterion for the classification of thoughts which captures both. Thoughts, I claim, should be individuated by their teleological functions. Where teleological function is construed in the standard way - according to the aetiological theory - individuating thoughts by their function cannot produce a classification which is both individualistic and consistent with the principle that sameness of wide content is (...)
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  46. Sylvia Walsh (1991). Kierkegaard and Postmodernism. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 29 (2):113-122.score: 30.0
  47. Julie Walsh & Thomas M. Lennon (2012). Malebranche, the Quietists, and Freedom. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (1):69 - 108.score: 30.0
    The Quietist affair at the end of the seventeenth century has much to teach us about theories of the will in the period. Although Bossuet and Fénelon are the names most famously associated with the debate over the Quietist conception of pure love, Malebranche and his erstwhile disciple Lamy were the ones who debated the deep philosophical issues involved. This paper sets the historical context of the debate, discusses the positions as well as the arguments for and against them, and (...)
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  48. W. H. Walsh (1970). Pride, Shame and Responsibility. Philosophical Quarterly 20 (78):1-13.score: 30.0
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  49. Sylvia Walsh (2000). Grace M. Jantzen, Becoming Divine: Towards a Feminist Philosophy of Religion. Bloomington and Indianapolis 1999. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 48 (1):59-61.score: 30.0
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