Search results for 'Todd Darnell' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  23
    Todd Darnell (1992). Sartre's Debt to Rousseau. Bulletin de la Société Américaine de Philosophie de Langue Française 4 (2/3):244-263.
  2.  4
    Todd Darnell & Dennis Rohatyn (2010). Sartre's Debt to Rousseau: Freedom, Faith, and Fulfillment. Journal of French and Francophone Philosophy 4 (2-3):244-263.
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  3. John Todd (1848). Self-Improvement [Abridged From 'the Student's Guide', by J. Todd].
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  4. Penny Enslin, Mary Tjiattas & Sharon Todd (2009). Philosophy of Education and the Gigantic Affront of Universalism. Journal of Philosophy of Education 43 (1):1-2.
    Universalism in philosophy, argue Penny Enslin and Mary Tjiattas, tends to be regarded as an affront to particular affiliations, an act of injustice by misrecognition. While agreeing with criticisms of some expressions of universalism, they take the view that anti-universalism has become an orthodoxy that deflects attention from pressing issues of global injustice in education. In different ways, recent reformulations of universalism accommodate particularity and claims for recognition. Defending a qualified universalism, they argue, through a discussion of the Education for (...)
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  5.  10
    Cain Todd (2012). Phylloxera, 'Big Science' and the Nature of Scientific Debate. Metascience 21 (3):759-761.
    Phylloxera, ‘big science’ and the nature of scientific debate Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 1-3 DOI 10.1007/s11016-012-9668-z Authors Cain Todd, Department of Politics, Philosophy and Religion, County South, Lancaster University, Lancaster, LA1 4YL UK Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  6. Peter B. Todd (ed.) (2012). The Individuation of God:Integrating Science and Religion. Chiron Publications.
    Todd argues for the integration of science and religion to form a new paradigm for the third millennium. He counters both the arguments made by fundamentalist Christians against science and the rejection of religion by the New Atheists, in particular Richard Dawkins and his followers. Drawing on the work of scientists, psychologists, philosophers, and theologians, Todd challenges the materialistic reductionism of our age and offers an alternative grounded in the visionary work taking place in a wide array of (...)
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  7. Cain Todd (2011). The Philosophy of Wine: A Case of Truth, Beauty, and Intoxication. Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    Questions like these have entertained anyone who has ever puzzled over the tasting notes of a wine "expert." Such questions can be bewildering but they also raise fascinating philosophical issues about the nature of sense perception, knowledge, beauty, and meaning. Wine appreciation can reveal important insights about ourselves, our interests, and pleasures. In a lively and engaging discussion of the philosophical significance of wine, Cain Todd brings much-needed clarity to confusions about wine characteristics and the nature of expertise, while (...)
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  8. Richard Todd (2014). The Sufi Doctrine of Man: Ṣadr Al-Dīn Al-Qūnawī's Metaphysical Anthropology. Brill.
    In The Sufi Doctrine of Man , Richard Todd examines the life and thought of Ṣadr al-Dīn al-Qūnawī , Ibn 'Arabī's chief disciple and a key figure in the development of Sufi metaphysics.
     
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  9. Philip David Zelazo, Helena Hong Gao & Rebecca Todd (2007). The Development of Consciousness. In Philip David Zelazo, Morris Moscovitch & Evan Thompson (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness. Cambridge University Press 405-432.
     
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  10. Patrick Todd (2013). Soft Facts and Ontological Dependence. Philosophical Studies 164 (3):829-844.
    In the literature on free will, fatalism, and determinism, a distinction is commonly made between temporally intrinsic (‘hard’) and temporally relational (‘soft’) facts at times; determinism, for instance, is the thesis that the temporally intrinsic state of the world at some given past time, together with the laws, entails a unique future (relative to that time). Further, it is commonly supposed by incompatibilists that only the ‘hard facts’ about the past are fixed and beyond our control, whereas the ‘soft facts’ (...)
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  11.  84
    Patrick Todd & John Martin Fischer (2011). The Truth About Freedom: A Reply to Merricks. Philosophical Review 120 (1):97 - 115.
    In his recent essay in the Philosophical Review, “Truth and Freedom,” Trenton Merricks contends (among other things) that the basic argument for the incompatibility of God's foreknowledge and human freedom is question-begging. He relies on a “truism” to the effect that truth depends on the world and not the other way around. The present essay argues that mere invocation of this truism does not establish that the basic argument for incompatibilism is question-begging. Further, it seeks to clarify important elements of (...)
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  12. Peter B. Todd (2013). Teilhard and Other Modern Thinkers on Evolution, Mind, and Matter. Teilhard Studies (66):1-22.
    In his The Phenomenon of Man, Pierre Teilhard de Chardin develops concepts of consciousness, the noosphere, and psychosocial evolution. This paper explores Teilhard’s evolutionary concepts as resonant with thinking in psychology and physics. It explores contributions from archetypal depth psychology, quantum physics, and neuroscience to elucidate relationships between mind and matter. Teilhard’s work can be seen as advancing this psychological lineage or psychogenesis. That is, the evolutionary emergence of matter in increasing complexity from sub-atomic particles to the human brain and (...)
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  13.  56
    Peter M. Todd & Gerd Gigerenzer (2000). Précis of Simple Heuristics That Make Us Smart. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):727-741.
    How can anyone be rational in a world where knowledge is limited, time is pressing, and deep thought is often an unattainable luxury? Traditional models of unbounded rationality and optimization in cognitive science, economics, and animal behavior have tended to view decision-makers as possessing supernatural powers of reason, limitless knowledge, and endless time. But understanding decisions in the real world requires a more psychologically plausible notion of bounded rationality. In Simple heuristics that make us smart (Gigerenzer et al. 1999), we (...)
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  14.  94
    Patrick Todd (2013). Defending (a Modified Version of) the Zygote Argument. Philosophical Studies 164 (1):189-203.
    Think of the last thing someone did to you to seriously harm or offend you. And now imagine, so far as you can, becoming fully aware of the fact that his or her action was the causally inevitable result of a plan set into motion before he or she was ever even born, a plan that had no chance of failing. Should you continue to regard him or her as being morally responsible—blameworthy, in this case—for what he or she did? (...)
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  15. Patrick Todd (2011). A New Approach to Manipulation Arguments. Philosophical Studies 152 (1):127-133.
    There are several argumentative strategies for advancing the thesis that moral responsibility is incompatible with causal determinism. One prominent such strategy is to argue that agents who meet compatibilist conditions for moral responsibility can nevertheless be subject to responsibility-undermining manipulation. In this paper, I argue that incompatibilists advancing manipulation arguments against compatibilism have been shouldering an unnecessarily heavy dialectical burden. Traditional manipulation arguments present cases in which manipulated agents meet all compatibilist conditions for moral responsibility, but are (allegedly) not responsible (...)
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  16. Patrick Todd (2011). Geachianism. Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion 3:222-251.
    The plane was going to crash, but it didn't. Johnny was going to bleed to death, but he didn't. Geach sees here a changing future. In this paper, I develop Geach's primary argument for the (almost universally rejected) thesis that the future is mutable (an argument from the nature of prevention), respond to the most serious objections such a view faces, and consider how Geach's view bears on traditional debates concerning divine foreknowledge and human freedom. As I hope to show, (...)
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  17.  12
    Rebecca M. Todd, William A. Cunningham, Adam K. Anderson & Evan Thompson (2012). Affect-Biased Attention as Emotion Regulation. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (7):365-372.
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  18.  44
    Patrick Todd (2013). Prepunishment and Explanatory Dependence: A New Argument for Incompatibilism About Foreknowledge and Freedom. Philosophical Review 122 (4):619-639.
    The most promising way of responding to arguments for the incompatibility of divine foreknowledge and human freedom (in one way or another) invokes a claim about the order of explanation: God knew (or believed) that you would perform a given action because you would, in fact, perform it, and not the other way around. Once we see this result, many suppose, we'll see that divine foreknowledge ultimately poses no threat to human freedom. This essay argues that matters are not so (...)
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  19.  16
    Andreas Wilke, John M. C. Hutchinson, Peter M. Todd & Uwe Czienskowski (2009). Fishing for the Right Words: Decision Rules for Human Foraging Behavior in Internal Search Tasks. Cognitive Science 33 (3):497-529.
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  20.  26
    Cain Todd (2014). Emotion and Value. Philosophy Compass 9 (10):702-712.
    The nature of the general connection between emotion and value, and of the various connections between specific emotions and values, lies at the heart of philosophical discussion of the emotions. It is also central to some accounts of the nature of value itself, of value in general but also of the specific values studied within particular philosophical domains. These issues all form the subject matter of this article, and they in turn are all connected by two main questions: (i) How (...)
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  21. Kim A. Bard, Brenda K. Todd, Chris Bernier, Jennifer Love & David A. Leavens (2006). Self-Awareness in Human and Chimpanzee Infants: What is Measured and What is Meant by the Mark and Mirror Test? Infancy 9 (2):191-219.
  22.  8
    James T. Todd (2004). The Visual Perception of 3D Shape. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (3):115-121.
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  23.  63
    John Martin Fischer, Patrick Todd & Neal A. Tognazzini (2009). Engaging with Pike: God, Freedom, and Time. Philosophical Papers 38 (2):247-270.
    Nelson Pike’s article, “Divine Omniscience and Voluntary Action,” is one of the most influential pieces in contemporary Philosophy of Religion. Published over forty years ago, it has elicited many different kinds of replies. We shall set forth some of the main lines of reply to Pike’s article, starting with some of the “early” replies. We then explore some issues that arise from relatively recent work in the philosophy of time; it is fascinating to note that views suggested by recent work (...)
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  24.  18
    Patrick Todd & John Martin Fischer (2013). The Truth About Foreknowledge. Faith and Philosophy 30 (3):286-301.
    In this paper we critically evaluate Trenton Merricks’s recent attempt to provide a “new” way of defending compatibilism about divine foreknowledge and human freedom. We take issue with Merricks’s claim that his approach is fundamentally different from Ockhamism. We also seek to highlight the implausibility of Merricks’s rejection of the assumption of the fixity of the past, and we also develop a critique of the Merricks’s crucial notion of “dependence.”.
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  25.  6
    Sharon Todd (2011). Educating Beyond Cultural Diversity: Redrawing the Boundaries of a Democratic Plurality. Studies in Philosophy and Education 30 (2):101-111.
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  26. Cain Samuel Todd (2009). Imaginability, Morality, and Fictional Truth: Dissolving the Puzzle of 'Imaginative Resistance'. Philosophical Studies 143 (2):187-211.
    This paper argues that there is no genuine puzzle of ‘imaginative resistance’. In part 1 of the paper I argue that the imaginability of fictional propositions is relative to a range of different factors including the ‘thickness’ of certain concepts, and certain pre-theoretical and theoretical commitments. I suggest that those holding realist moral commitments may be more susceptible to resistance and inability than those holding non-realist commitments, and that it is such realist commitments that ultimately motivate the problem. However, I (...)
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  27.  13
    Sharon Todd (2007). Promoting a Just Education: Dilemmas of Rights, Freedom and Justice. Educational Philosophy and Theory 39 (6):592–603.
    This paper identifies and addresses some dilemmas to be faced in promoting educational projects concerned with human rights. Part of the difficulty that human rights education initiatives must cope with is the way in which value has been historically conferred upon particular notions such as freedom and justice. I argue here that a just education must grapple head‐on with the conceptual dilemmas that have been inherited and refuse to shy away from the implications of those dilemmas. To do this I (...)
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  28.  32
    Patrick Todd (2014). Against Limited Foreknowledge. Philosophia 42 (2):523-538.
    Theological fatalists contend that if God knows everything, then no human action is free, and that since God does know everything, no human action is free. One reply to such arguments that has become popular recently— a way favored by William Hasker and Peter van Inwagen—agrees that if God knows everything, no human action is free. The distinctive response of these philosophers is simply to say that therefore God does not know everything. On this view, what the fatalist arguments in (...)
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  29.  20
    Suzanne Benn, Lindi Renier Todd & Jannet Pendleton (2010). Public Relations Leadership in Corporate Social Responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics 96 (3):403 - 423.
    Many of the negative connotations of corporate social responsibility (CSR) are linked to its perceived role as a public relations exercise. Following on calls for more positive engagement by public relations professionals in organisational strategic planning and given the rapidly increasing interest in CSR as a business strategy, this article addresses the question of how the theory and practice of public relations can provide direction and support for CSR. To this end, this article explores leadership styles and motivations of a (...)
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  30.  60
    Cain Samuel Todd (2004). Quasi-Realism, Acquaintance, and the Normative Claims of Aesthetic Judgement. British Journal of Aesthetics 44 (3):277-296.
    My primary aim in this paper is to outline a quasi-realist theory of aesthetic judgement. Robert Hopkins has recently argued against the plausibility of this project because he claims that quasi-realism cannot explain a central component of any expressivist understanding of aesthetic judgements, namely their supposed ‘autonomy’. I argue against Hopkins’s claims by contending that Roger Scruton’s aesthetic attitude theory, centred on his account of the imagination, provides us with the means to develop a plausible quasi-realist account of aesthetic judgement. (...)
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  31.  3
    Sharon Todd (2010). Living in a Dissonant World: Toward an Agonistic Cosmopolitics for Education. Studies in Philosophy and Education 29 (2):213-228.
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  32.  70
    Patrick Todd (2012). Manipulation and Moral Standing: An Argument for Incompatibilism. Philosophers' Imprint 12 (7).
    A prominent recent strategy for advancing the thesis that moral responsibility is incompatible with causal determinism has been to argue that agents who meet compatibilist conditions for responsibility could nevertheless be subject to certain sorts of deterministic manipulation, so that an agent could meet the compatibilist’s conditions for responsibility, but also be living a life the precise details of which someone else determined that she should live. According to the incompatibilist, however, once we became aware that agents had been manipulated (...)
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  33.  7
    Sharon Todd (2007). Teachers Judging Without Scripts, or Thinking Cosmopolitan. Ethics and Education 2 (1):25-38.
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  34. P. B. Todd, The Numinous and the Archetypes as Timeless, Cosmic Ordering and Regulating Principles in Evolution. C. G. Jung Society of Sydney Presentations.
    Psychoanalytic self-psychology as outlined by such depth psychologists as Jung, Fordham, Winnicott and Kohut provide a framework for conceptualizing a relationship of complementarity between psychic and immune defence as well as loss of bodily and self integration in disease. Physicist Erwin Schrödinger’s thesis that the so-called “arrow of time” does not necessarily deal a mortal blow to its creator is reminiscent of the concept of timeless dimensions of the unconscious mind and the Self in Analytical Psychology, manifest for instance, in (...)
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  35. D. D. Todd (1975). Direct Perception. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 35 (March):352-362.
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  36.  85
    Patrick Todd & Neal A. Tognazzini (2008). A Problem for Guidance Control. Philosophical Quarterly 58 (233):685-692.
    Central to Fischer and Ravizza's theory of moral responsibility is the concept of guidance control, which involves two conditions: (1) moderate reasons-responsiveness, and (2) mechanism ownership. We raise a worry for Fischer and Ravizza's account of (1). If an agent acts contrary to reasons which he could not recognize, this should lead us to conclude that he is not morally responsible for his behaviour; but according to Fischer and Ravizza's account, he satisfies the conditions for guidance control and is therefore (...)
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  37.  51
    William Todd (1967). Probability and the Theorem of Confirmation. Mind 76 (302):260-263.
  38.  14
    Geoffrey F. Miller & Peter M. Todd (1998). Mate Choice Turns Cognitive. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (5):190-198.
  39.  13
    Jennifer Todd (2005). Social Transformation, Collective Categories, and Identity Change. Theory and Society 34 (4):429-463.
  40.  23
    Cain Todd (2012). Attending Emotionally to Fiction. Journal of Value Inquiry 46 (4):449-465.
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  41.  12
    Sharon Todd (2003). Introduction: Levinas and Education: The Question of Implication. Studies in Philosophy and Education 22 (1):1-4.
  42. Bruno G. Breitmeyer, Tony Ro, Haluk Ögmen & Steven Todd (2007). Unconscious, Stimulus-Dependent Priming and Conscious, Percept-Dependent Priming with Chromatic Stimuli. Perception and Psychophysics 69 (4):550-557.
     
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  43.  4
    David E. Rumelhart & Peter M. Todd (1993). Learning and Connectionist Representations. In David E. Meyer & Sylvan Kornblum (eds.), Attention and Performance Xiv. The MIT Press 3--30.
  44.  15
    D. D. Todd (1989). The New Criterion Reader: The First Five Years (Review). Philosophy and Literature 13 (1):194-195.
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  45.  68
    Cain Todd (2007). Aesthetic, Ethical, and Cognitive Value. South African Journal of Philosophy 26 (2):216-227.
    This paper addresses two recent debates in aesthetics: the ‘moralist debate’, concerning the relationship between the ethical and aesthetic evaluations of artworks, and the ‘cognitivist debate’, concerning the relationship between the cognitive and aesthetic evaluations of artworks. Although the two debates appear to concern quite different issues, I argue that the various positions in each are marked by the same types of confusions and ambiguities. In particular, they demonstrate a persistent and unjustified conflation of aesthetic and artistic value, which in (...)
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  46.  14
    Seth Bullock & Peter M. Todd (1999). Made to Measure: Ecological Rationality in Structured Environments. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 9 (4):497-541.
    A working assumption that processes of natural and cultural evolution have tailored the mind to fit the demands and structure of its environment begs the question: how are we to characterize the structure of cognitive environments? Decision problems faced by real organisms are not like simple multiple-choice examination papers. For example, some individual problems may occur much more frequently than others, whilst some may carry much more weight than others. Such considerations are not taken into account when (i) the performance (...)
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  47. George F. Todd (1983). Art and the Concept of Art. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 44 (2):255-270.
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  48. Sharon Todd (2008). 11 Welcoming and Difficult Learning. In Denise Egéa-Kuehne (ed.), Levinas and Education: At the Intersection of Faith and Reason. Routledge 18--170.
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  49.  23
    Peter M. Todd & Gerd Gigerenzer (2001). Shepard's Mirrors or Simon 's Scissors? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (4):704-705.
    Shepard promotes the important view that evolution constructs cognitive mechanisms that work with internalized aspects of the structure of their environment. But what can this internalization mean? We contrast three views: Shepard's mirrors reflecting the world, Brunswik's lens inferring the world, and Simon 's scissors exploiting the world. We argue that Simon 's scissors metaphor is more appropriate for higher-order cognitive mechanisms and ask how far it can also be applied to perceptual tasks. [Barlow; Kubovy & Epstein; Shepard].
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  50.  12
    Sharon Todd (2011). Going to the Heart of the Matter. Studies in Philosophy and Education 30 (5):507-512.
    Written as a conversational response to Rosa Luxemburg, this piece discusses the importance of going to the heart of the matter for education, seen here in terms of the actual flesh and blood subjects who are at the centre of a pedagogy of transformation.
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