Search results for 'Tom Addis' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Tom Addis, Jan Townsend Addis, Dave Billinge, David Gooding & Bart-Floris Visscher (2008). The Abductive Loop: Tracking Irrational Sets. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 13 (1):5-16.score: 150.0
    We argue from the Church-Turing thesis (Kleene Mathematical logic. New York: Wiley 1967) that a program can be considered as equivalent to a formal language similar to predicate calculus where predicates can be taken as functions. We can relate such a calculus to Wittgenstein’s first major work, the Tractatus, and use the Tractatus and its theses as a model of the formal classical definition of a computer program. However, Wittgenstein found flaws in his initial great work and he explored these (...)
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  2. Dave Billinge & Tom Addis (2008). Seeking Allies: Modelling How Listeners Choose Their Musical Friends. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 13 (1):53-66.score: 150.0
    In this paper we describe in some detail a formal computer model of inferential discourse based on a belief system. The key issue is that a logical model in a computer, based on rational sets, can usefully model a human situation based on irrational sets. The background of this work is explained elsewhere, as is the issue of rational and irrational sets (Billinge and Addis, in: Magnani and Dossena (eds.), Computing, philosophy and cognition, 2004; Stepney et al., Journey: Non-classical (...)
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  3. Laird Addis (1999). Of Mind and Music. Cornell University Press.score: 60.0
    In this account of the way in which we understand music, Laird Addis explains how sounds can have such profound effects on those listening to them.
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  4. Mark R. Addis (1999). Wittgenstein: Making Sense of Other Minds. Ashgate.score: 30.0
    The difficulties about other minds are deep and of central philosophical importance. This text explores attempts to apply Wittgenstein's concept of criteria in explaining how we can know other minds and their properties. It is shown that the use of criteria for this purpose is misguided.
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  5. Laird Addis (1984). Parallelism, Interactionism, and Causation. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 9 (1):329-344.score: 30.0
    One may gather from the arguments of two of the last papers published before his death that J. L. Mackie held the following three theses concerning the mind/body problem : (1) There is a distinct realm of mental properties, so a dualism of properties at least is true and materialism false.
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  6. Laird Addis (1995). The Ontology of Emotion. Southern Journal of Philosophy 33 (3):261-78.score: 30.0
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  7. Mark Addis (2008). Review of J. Mark Lazenby, The Early Wittgenstein on Religion. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (1).score: 30.0
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  8. Laird Addis (1966). Freedom and the Marxist Philosophy of History. Philosophy of Science 33 (1/2):101-.score: 30.0
    Many believe that the Marxist philosophy of history entails that man is not free in a sense in which it seems obvious that he is. In particular it is held to be (1) materialistic, (2) holistic, (3) economistic, and (4) fatalistic. It is claimed, in short, that since the Marxist philosophy of history has these features, man is not capable of shaping his own (social) destiny if it is true. I show for each of these features either that it does (...)
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  9. Laird Addis (1972). Aristotle and the Independence of Substances. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 33 (1):107-111.score: 30.0
  10. Laird Addis (1988). Dispositional Mental States: Chomsky and Freud. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 19 (1):1-17.score: 30.0
  11. Robert L. Arrington & Mark Addis (eds.) (2001). Wittgenstein and Philosophy of Religion. Routledge.score: 30.0
    Wittgenstien and Philosophy of Religion brings together leading Wittgenstein scholars with varying views on what the proper interpretation and acceptability of Wittgenstein's writings are on religion. The themes discussed include Wittgenstein's views on creation, magic and free will.
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  12. Mark Addis (1995). Surveyability and the Sorites Paradox. Philosophia Mathematica 3 (2):157-165.score: 30.0
    Some issues raised by the notion of surveyability and how it is represented mathematically are explored. Wright considers the sense in which the positive integers are surveyable and suggests that their structure will be a weakly finite, but weakly infinite, totality. One way to expose the incoherence of this account is by applying Wittgenstein's distinction between intensional and extensional to it. Criticism of the idea of a surveyable proof shows the notion's lack of clarity. It is suggested that this concept (...)
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  13. Mark Addis (1993). Does Language Matter to Philosophy?: Aristotle and Wittgenstein on the Nature of Philosophical Enquiry. Cogito 7 (3):211-216.score: 30.0
  14. D. C. Gooding & T. R. Addis (2008). Modelling Experiments as Mediating Models. Foundations of Science 13 (1):17-35.score: 30.0
    Syntactic and structural models specify relationships between their constituents but cannot show what outcomes their interaction would produce over time in the world. Simulation consists in iterating the states of a model, so as to produce behaviour over a period of simulated time. Iteration enables us to trace the implications and outcomes of inference rules and other assumptions implemented in the models that make up a theory. We apply this method to experiments which we treat as models of the particular (...)
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  15. E. R. John, L. S. Prichep, W. Kox, P. Valdes-Sosa, J. Bosch-Bayard, E. Aubert, M. Tom, F. diMichele & L. D. Gugino (2001). Invariant Reversible QEEG Effects of Anesthetics. Consciousness and Cognition 10 (2):165-183.score: 30.0
    Continuous recordings of brain electrical activity were obtained from a group of 176 patients throughout surgical procedures using general anesthesia. Artifact-free data from the 19 electrodes of the International 10/20 System were subjected to quantitative analysis of the electroencephalogram (QEEG). Induction was variously accomplished with etomidate, propofol or thiopental. Anesthesia was maintained throughout the procedures by isoflurane, desflurane or sevoflurane (N = 68), total intravenous anesthesia using propofol (N = 49), or nitrous oxide plus narcotics (N = 59). A set (...)
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  16. Laird Addis (1981). Dispositions, Explanation, and Behavior. Inquiry 24 (2):205 – 227.score: 30.0
    According to the theory of dispositions here defended, to have a disposition is to have some (non-dispositional) property that enters into a law of a certain form. The theory does not have the crucial difficulty of the singular material implication account of dispositions, but at the same time avoids the unfortunate notion of 'reduction sentences'. It is further argued that no dispositional explanation is one of the covering-law type; but the theory shows how, for any dispositional explanation! To construct a (...)
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  17. Laird Addis (1967). Particulars and Acquaintance. Philosophy of Science 34 (3):251-259.score: 30.0
    Philosophers who hold that the correct ontological analysis of things includes both properties and particulars have often been pressed to "show" the particular. If we are not acquainted with them, it is argued, then we should not suppose that they exist. I argue that, while we do have good and sufficient reasons for supposing there to be particulars, we are not acquainted with them. To suppose that we are acquainted with them is to treat particulars as if they were properties (...)
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  18. Laird Addis (1975). The Logic of Society: A Philosophical Study. University of Minnesota Press.score: 30.0
    I Introduction In recent years there have arisen from several quarters, even within analytic philosophy itself, various challenges to the "positivist" ...
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  19. T. R. Addis & D. C. Gooding (2008). Simulation Methods for an Abductive System in Science. Foundations of Science 13 (1):37-52.score: 30.0
    We argue that abduction does not work in isolation from other inference mechanisms and illustrate this through an inference scheme designed to evaluate multiple hypotheses. We use game theory to relate the abductive system to actions that produce new information. To enable evaluation of the implications of this approach we have implemented the procedures used to calculate the impact of new information in a computer model. Experiments with this model display a number of features of collective belief-revision leading to consensus-formation, (...)
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  20. Laird Addis (1968). Historicism and Historical Laws of Development. Inquiry 11 (1-4):155 – 174.score: 30.0
    Philosophers, social thinkers, and social activists continue to puzzle over the notion of an historical law of development. What this paper attempts is: (1) a statement of what might reasonably be understood by the notion of an historical law of development as well as some historical background to the notion, (2) a discussion of the various logical possibilities regarding the status of historical laws of development, (3) an examination of the views of Karl Popper on historical laws of development and (...)
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  21. Laird Addis (1986). Pains and Other Secondary Mental Entities. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 47 (1):59-74.score: 30.0
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  22. Daniel L. Schacter & Donna Rose Addis (2007). On the Constructive Episodic Simulation of Past and Future Events. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (3):331-332.score: 30.0
    We consider the relation between past and future events from the perspective of the constructive episodic simulation hypothesis, which holds that episodic simulation of future events requires a memory system that allows the flexible recombination of details from past events into novel scenarios. We discuss recent neuroimaging and behavioral evidence that support this hypothesis in relation to the theater production metaphor.
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  23. Laird Addis (1998). Human Action and the Humean Universe. Philosophia 26 (1-2):23-40.score: 30.0
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  24. E. R. John, L. S. Prichep, W. Kox, P. Valdes-Sosa, J. Bosch-Bayard, E. Aubert, M. Tom, F. diMichele & L. D. Gugino (2002). Invariant Reversible QEEG Effects of Anesthetics - Volume 10, Number 2 (2001), Pages 165-183. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (1):138-138.score: 30.0
     
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  25. Laird Addis (1982). Behaviorism and the Philosophy of the Act. Noûs 16 (3):399-420.score: 30.0
    Behaviorism and the philosophy of the act are widely believed to be inconsistent with one another. I argue that both are true, Fulfilling the requirements of scientific psychology and the phenomenology of mind, Respectively. The key to understanding their mutual consistency lies in the idea of parallelism and its corresponding requirement that all descriptive features of mental states be analyzed as properties, None as relations (to anything physical). So the intentional link itself must be a 'logical' and not a descriptive (...)
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  26. Mark Addis (1996). Books Reviews. Mind 105 (417):169-170.score: 30.0
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  27. Laird Addis (1971). Presentness and the Ideal Language. Mind 80 (320):603-604.score: 30.0
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  28. Laird Addis (1989). Review. [REVIEW] Synthese 78 (3):345-356.score: 30.0
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  29. Laird Addis (1981). Mind, Structure, and Time. Philosophical Topics 12 (3):39-52.score: 30.0
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  30. Laird Addis (1989). Intrinsic Reference and the New Theory. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 14 (1):241-257.score: 30.0
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  31. Laird Addis (1984). Review Article. Journal of Value Inquiry 18 (3):247-250.score: 30.0
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  32. Laird Addis & Douglas Lewis (eds.) (1965). Ayer and Moore: Two Ontologists. University of Iowa Press.score: 30.0
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  33. Laird Addis (2003). Gilbert Ryle, The Concept of Mind (1949): A Method and a Theory. In J. E. Gracia, G. M. Reichberg & B. N. Schumacher (eds.), The Classics of Western Philosophy: A Reader's Guide. Malden Ma: Blackwell Publishing.score: 30.0
  34. Laird Addis (1989). Natural Signs: A Theory of Intentionality. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.score: 30.0
     
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  35. Laird Addis (2005). The Necessity and Nature of Mental Content. In Gabor Forrai & George Kampis (eds.), Intentionality: Past and Future (Value Inquiry Book Series, Volume 173). New York: Rodopi NY.score: 30.0
     
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  36. Laird Addis (2000). The Simplicity of Content. Metaphysica 1 (2):23-44.score: 30.0
     
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  37. Nuria Sánchez Madrid (2012). Filosofia, Tom E ilusão musical em Kant. Da vivificação sonora do ânimo à recepção do Tom da razão. Trans/Form/Ação 35 (1):47-72.score: 18.0
    O artigo tenciona, primeiramente, enriquecer o estudo da função que o conceito de tom desempenha na ideia kantiana de razão, ao estendê-lo à análise da música como arte dos sons que a Crítica do Juízo contém. Em segundo lugar, propõe-se determinar os motivos pelos quais a matemática se revela incapaz, devido à especificidade do método filosófico e à corporalidade da ecepção musical, respectivamente, de expressar o modo de proceder da razão e da arte dos sons. Finalmente, aponta-se para uma semelhança (...)
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  38. Jan Townsend Addis Tom Addis, David Gooding Dave Billinge & Bart-Floris Visscher (2008). The Abductive Loop: Tracking Irrational Sets. Foundations of Science 13 (1).score: 15.0
    We argue from the Church-Turing thesis (Kleene Mathematical logic . New York: Wiley 1967) that a program can be considered as equivalent to a formal language similar to predicate calculus where predicates can be taken as functions. We can relate such a calculus to Wittgenstein’s first major work, the Tractatus , and use the Tractatus and its theses as a model of the formal classical definition of a computer program. However, Wittgenstein found flaws in his initial great work (...)
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  39. John Draeger (2011). What Peeping Tom Did Wrong. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 14 (1):41-49.score: 12.0
    Voyeurism seems creepy. This paper considers whether these feelings are well-founded. It identifies a variety of ethically troubling features, including harmful consequences, deceit, and the violation of various religious, legal, and conventional norms. Voyeurism is something of a moral misdemeanor that seems worrisome when associated with these other failings. However, because voyeurism remains troubling even in the absence of harm or deceit, we must pay special attention to the ways complex social conventions can be used to show disrespect for others. (...)
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  40. Adam Leite (2007). Epistemic Instrumentalism and Reasons for Belief: A Reply to Tom Kelly's "Epistemic Rationality as Instrumental Rationality: A Critique". Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 75 (2):456–464.score: 12.0
    Tom Kelly argues that instrumentalist aeeounts of epistemie rationality fail beeause what a person has reason to believe does not depend upon the eontent of his or her goals. However, his argument fails to distinguish questions about what the evidence supports from questions about what a person ought to believe. Once these are distinguished, the instrumentalist ean avoid Kelly’s objeetions. The paperconcludes by sketehing what I take to be the most defensible version of the instrumentalist view.
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  41. Tom Baldwin (2002). The Inaugural Address: Kantian Modality: Tom Baldwin. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 76 (1):1–24.score: 12.0
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  42. Yasuo Deguchi, Jay L. Garfield & Graham Priest (2013). How We Think Mādhyamikas Think: A Response To Tom Tillemans. Philosophy East and West 63 (3):426-435.score: 12.0
    In his article in this issue, " 'How do Mādhyamikas Think?' Revisited," Tom Tillemans reflects on his earlier article "How do Mādhyamikas Think?" (2009), itself a response to earlier work of ours (Deguchi et al. 2008; Garfield and Priest 2003). There is much we agree with in these non-dogmatic and open-minded essays. Still, we have some disagreements. We begin with a response to Tillemans' first thoughts, and then turn to his second thoughts.Tillemans (2009) maintains that it is wrong to attribute (...)
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  43. Stephen Jan (1999). A New Perspective on Economic Analysis in Health Care?: A Critical Review of 'The Economics of Health Reconsidered' by Tom Rice. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 7 (1):99-106.score: 12.0
    A recently published book, 'The Economics of Health Reconsidered' by Tom Rice, provides a strong critique of the role of markets in health care. Many of the issues of 'market failure' raised by Rice, however, have been, to varying extents, recognised previously in the health economics literature (at least outside the U.S.). What perhaps sets Rice's book apart from previous attempts to document such issues is its elegance and the methodical manner in which this critique is delivered. Significantly the critique (...)
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  44. Tom Bivins (1995). A Spot News Approach to Newsroom Ethics: A Book Review by Tom Bivins. [REVIEW] Journal of Mass Media Ethics 10 (3):185 – 187.score: 12.0
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  45. Tom Stonier (1999). Tom Stonier's Response. World Futures 53 (4):375-376.score: 12.0
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  46. Tom Brislin (1995). A Journalism of Philosophy: A Book Review by Tom Brislin. [REVIEW] Journal of Mass Media Ethics 10 (1):49 – 51.score: 12.0
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  47. Eric Foner (2005). Tom Paine and Revolutionary America. Oxford University Press.score: 12.0
    Since its publication in 1976, Tom Paine and Revolutionary America has been recognized as a classic study of the career of the foremost political pamphleteer of the Age of Revolution, and a model of how to integrate the political, intellectual, and social history of the struggle for American independence. Foner skillfully brings together an account of Paine's remarkable career with a careful examination of the social worlds within which he operated, in Great Britain, France, and especially the United States. He (...)
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  48. Fred Wilson (1985). I. Addis on Analysing Disposition Concepts. Inquiry 28 (1-4):247-260.score: 12.0
    Addis (1981) has criticized a proposal of ours (Wilson [1969b]) for analysing disposition predications in terns of the horseshoe of material implication, and has proposed a related but significantly different analysis. This paper restates the original proposal, and defends it against Addis's criticisms. It is further argued that his proposal will not do as a general account of disposition predications; that, however, if it is suitably qualified, then it does account for certain special sorts of disposition predication; but (...)
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  49. Tom Shakespeare (2010). Selecting Barrenness - A Response From Tom Shakespeare. Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 16 (1):22-24.score: 12.0
    A response to Kavita Shah's article Selecting Barrenness.
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  50. Tom Cooper (1995). A Conference Report Worth Reading: A Report Review by Tom Cooper. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 10 (3):188 – 190.score: 12.0
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