Search results for 'Tom Saunders' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Tom Saunders, Bill of Attainder Project.score: 540.0
    A few political activists joined together in Southern Oklahoma, then the project joined with the Libertarian Party of Oklahoma. The project has provided information for many organizations, political candidates of all parties, and Congressional Committees. Tom Saunders is a published author in the fields of Problem Solving Skills, Politics, Occult and Gnostic Philosophy, and Martial Arts.
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  2. Simon Saunders & David Wallace (2008). Saunders and Wallace Reply. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (3):315-317.score: 210.0
    A reply to a comment by Paul Tappenden (BJPS 59 (2008) pp. 307-314) on S. Saunders and D. Wallace, "Branching and Uncertainty" (BJPS 59 (2008) pp. 298-306).
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  3. Simon Saunders (1998). Time, Quantum Mechanics, and Probability. Synthese 114 (3):373-404.score: 60.0
    A variety of ideas arising in decoherence theory, and in the ongoing debate over Everett's relative-state theory, can be linked to issues in relativity theory and the philosophy of time, specifically the relational theory of tense and of identity over time. These have been systematically presented in companion papers (Saunders 1995; 1996a); in what follows we shall consider the same circle of ideas, but specifically in relation to the interpretation of probability, and its identification with relations in the Hilbert (...)
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  4. Mark Saunders (ed.) (2010). Organizational Trust: A Cultural Perspective. Cambridge University Press.score: 60.0
    Machine generated contents note: List of figures; List of tables; Editors; Contributors; Editors' acknowledgements; Part I. The Conceptual Challenge of Researching Trust Across Different 'Cultural Spheres': 1. Introduction: unraveling the complexities of trust and culture Graham Dietz, Nicole Gillespie and Georgia Chao; 2. Trust differences across national-societal cultures: much to do or much ado about nothing? Donald L. Ferrin and Nicole Gillespie; 3. Towards a context-sensitive approach to researching trust in inter-organizational relationships Reinhard Bachmann; 4. Making sense of trust across (...)
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  5. Mae-Wan Ho & Peter T. Saunders (1993). Rational Taxonomy and the Natural System. Acta Biotheoretica 41 (4).score: 60.0
    Since Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection, the idea of descent with modification came to dominate systematics, and so the study of morphology became subgugated to the reconstruction of phylogenies. Reinstating the organism in the theory of evolution (Ho & Saunders, 1979; Webster & Goodwin, 1982) leads to a project inrational taxonomy (Ho, 1986, 1988a), which attempts to classify biological forms on the basis of transformations on a given dynamical structure.Does rational taxonomy correspond to thenatural system that Linnaeus (...)
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  6. Simon Saunders (forthcoming). What is Probability? Arxiv Preprint Quant-Ph/0412194.score: 30.0
    Probabilities may be subjective or objective; we are concerned with both kinds of probability, and the relationship between them. The fundamental theory of objective probability is quantum mechanics: it is argued that neither Bohr's Copenhagen interpretation, nor the pilot-wave theory, nor stochastic state-reduction theories, give a satisfactory answer to the question of what objective probabilities are in quantum mechanics, or why they should satisfy the Born rule; nor do they give any reason why subjective probabilities should track objective ones. But (...)
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  7. Simon Saunders (2000). Tense and Indeterminateness. Philosophy of Science 67 (3):611.score: 30.0
    Is tense real and objective? Can the fact that something is past, say, be wholly objective, consistent with special relativity? The answer is yes, but only so long as the distinction has no ontological ground. There is a closely related question. Is the contrast between the determinate and the indeterminate real and objective, consistent with relativity and quantum mechanics? The answer is again yes, but only if the contrast has no ontological ground. Various accounts of it are explored, according to (...)
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  8. Simon Saunders & D. Wallace (2008). Branching and Uncertainty. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (3):293-305.score: 30.0
    Following Lewis, it is widely held that branching worlds differ in important ways from diverging worlds. There is, however, a simple and natural semantics under which ordinary sentences uttered in branching worlds have much the same truth values as they conventionally have in diverging worlds. Under this semantics, whether branching or diverging, speakers cannot say in advance which branch or world is theirs. They are uncertain as to the outcome. This same semantics ensures the truth of utterances typically made about (...)
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  9. Simon Saunders (2003). Structural Realism, Again. Synthese 136 (1):127 - 133.score: 30.0
    The paper defends a view of structural realism similar to that of French and Ladyman, although it differs from theirs in an important respect: I do not take indistinguishabiity of particles in quantum mechanics to have the significance they think it has. It also differs from Cao's view of structural realism, criticized in my "Critical Notice: Cao's `The Conceptual Development of 20th Century Field Theories".
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  10. Simon Saunders (2006). Are Quantum Particles Objects? Analysis 66 (289):52–63.score: 30.0
    Particle indistinguishability has always been considered a purely quantum mechanical concept. In parallel, indistinguishable particles have been thought to be entities that are not properly speaking objects at all. I argue, to the contrary, that the concept can equally be applied to classical particles, and that in either case particles may (with certain exceptions) be counted as objects even though they are indistinguishable. The exceptions are elementary bosons (for example photons).
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  11. Ben Saunders (2008). The Equality of Lotteries. Philosophy 83 (3):359-372.score: 30.0
    Lotteries have long been used to resolve competing claims, yet their recent implementation to allocate school places in Brighton and Hove, England led to considerable public outcry. This article argues that, given appropriate selection is impossible when parties have equal claims, a lottery is preferable to an auction because it excludes unjust influences. Three forms of contractualism are discussed and the fairness of lotteries is traced to the fact that they give each person an equal chance, as a surrogate for (...)
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  12. B. A. C. Saunders & Jaap Van Brakel (2002). The Trajectory of Color. Perspectives on Science 10 (3):302-355.score: 30.0
    : According to a consensus of psycho-physiological and philosophical theories, color sensations (or qualia) are generated in a cerebral "space" fed from photon-photoreceptor interaction (producing "metamers") in the retina of the eye. The resulting "space" has three dimensions: hue (or chroma), saturation (or "purity"), and brightness (lightness, value or intensity) and (in some versions) is further structured by primitive or landmark "colors"—usually four, or six (when white and black are added to red, yellow, green and blue). It has also been (...)
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  13. Simon Saunders (2003). Physics and Leibniz's Principles. In Katherine Brading & Elena Castellani (eds.), Symmetries in Physics: Philosophical Reflections. Cambridge University Press. 289--307.score: 30.0
    It is shown that the Hilbert-Bernays-Quine principle of identity of indiscernibles applies uniformly to all the contentious cases of symmetries in physics, including permutation symmetry in classical and quantum mechanics. It follows that there is no special problem with the notion of objecthood in physics. Leibniz's principle of sufficient reason is considered as well; this too applies uniformly. But given the new principle of identity, it no longer implies that space, or atoms, are unreal.
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  14. Simon Saunders & Harvey R. Brown (eds.) (1991). The Philosophy of Vacuum. Oxford University Press.score: 30.0
    The vacuum is fast emerging as the central structure of modern physics. This collection brings together philosophically-minded specialists who engage these issues in the context of classical gravity, quantum electrodynamics, and the grand unification program. The vacuum emerges as the synthesis of concepts of space, time, and matter; in the context of relativity and the quantum this new synthesis represents a structure of the most intricate and novel complexity. This book is a work in modern metaphysics, in which the concepts (...)
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  15. Lev Vaidman & Simon Saunders, On Sleeping Beauty Controversy.score: 30.0
    It is argued that Lewis's approach to Elga's Sleeping Beaty problem is untenable and,<span class='Hi'></span> therefore,<span class='Hi'></span> the universality of the betting approach to probability has not been breached.
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  16. F. A. Muller & Simon Saunders (2008). Discerning Fermions. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (3):499-548.score: 30.0
    We demonstrate that the quantum-mechanical description of composite physical systems of an arbitrary number of similar fermions in all their admissible states, mixed or pure, for all finite-dimensional Hilbert spaces, is not in conflict with Leibniz's Principle of the Identity of Indiscernibles (PII). We discern the fermions by means of physically meaningful, permutation-invariant categorical relations, i.e. relations independent of the quantum-mechanical probabilities. If, indeed, probabilistic relations are permitted as well, we argue that similar bosons can also be discerned in all (...)
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  17. Simon Saunders, Derivation of the Born Rule From Operational Assumptions.score: 30.0
    The Born rule is derived from operational assumptions, together with assumptions of quantum mechanics that concern only the deterministic development of the state. Unlike Gleason’s theorem, the argument applies even if probabilities are de…ned for only a single resolution of the identity, so it applies to a variety of foundational approaches to quantum mechanics. It also provides a probability rule for state spaces that are not Hilbert spaces.
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  18. Simon Saunders (2002). Indiscernibles, General Covariance, and Other Symmetries. In Abhay Ashtekar, Jürgen Renn, Don Howard, Abner Shimony & S. Sarkar (eds.), Revisiting the Foundations of Relativistic Physics. Festschrift in Honour of John Stachel. Kluwer.score: 30.0
    What is the meaning of general covariance? We learn something about it from the hole argument, due originally to Einstein. In his search for a theory of gravity, he noted that if the equations of motion are covariant under arbitrary coordinate transformations, then particle coordinates at a given time can be varied arbitrarily - they are underdetermined - even if their values at all earlier times are held fixed. It is the same for the values of fields. The argument can (...)
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  19. Simon Saunders (2006). On the Explanation for Quantum Statistics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 37 (1):192-211.score: 30.0
    The concept of classical indistinguishability is analyzed and defended against a number of well-known criticisms, with particular attention to the Gibbs’paradox. Granted that it is as much at home in classical as in quantum statistical mechanics, the question arises as to why indistinguishability, in quantum mechanics but not in classical mechanics, forces a change in statistics. The answer, illustrated with simple examples, is that the equilibrium measure on classical phase space is continuous, whilst on Hilbert space it is discrete. The (...)
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  20. John T. Saunders (1975). The Paradox of Self-Deception. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 35 (June):559-570.score: 30.0
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  21. Simon Saunders (1995). Time, Quantum Mechanics, and Decoherence. Synthese 102 (2):235 - 266.score: 30.0
    State-reduction and the notion of actuality are compared to passage through time and the notion of the present; already in classical relativity the latter give rise to difficulties. The solution proposed here is to treat both tense and value-definiteness as relational properties or facts as relations; likewise the notions of change and probability. In both cases essential characteristics are absent: temporal relations are tenselessly true; probabilistic relations are deterministically true.The basic ideas go back to Everett, although the technical development makes (...)
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  22. Simon Saunders (2003). Critical Notice: Tian Yu Cao's “the Conceptual Development of 20th Century Field Theories”. Synthese 136 (1):79-105.score: 30.0
    Tian Yu Cao has written a serious and scholarly book covering a great deal of physics. He ranges from classical relativity theory, both special and general, to relativistic quantum …eld theory, including non-Abelian gauge theory, renormalization theory, and symmetry-breaking, presenting a detailed and very rich picture of the mainstream developments in quantum physics; a remarkable feat. It has, moreover, a philosophical message: according to Cao, the development of these theories is inconsistent with a Kuhnian view of theory change, and supports (...)
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  23. Simon Saunders (2007). Mirroring as an a Priori Symmetry. Philosophy of Science 74 (4):452-480.score: 30.0
    A relationist will account for the use of ‘left’ and ‘right’ in terms of relative orientations, and other properties and relations invariant under mirroring. This analysis will apply whenever mirroring is a symmetry, so it certainly applies to classical mechanics; we argue it applies to any physical theory formulated on a manifold: it is in this sense an a priori symmetry. It should apply in particular to parity violating theories in quantum mechanics; mirror symmetry is only broken in such theories (...)
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  24. Simon Saunders, Space-Time and Probability.score: 30.0
    Special relativity is most naturally formulated as a theory of spacetime geometry, but within the spacetime framework probability appears to be a purely epistemic notion. It is possible that progress can be made with rather different approaches - covariant stochastic equations, in particular - but the results to date are not encouraging. However, it seems a non-epistemic notion of probability can be made out in Minkowski space on Everett's terms. I shall work throughout with the consistent histories formalism. I shall (...)
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  25. John T. Saunders (1965). Does All Memory Imply Factual Memory? Analysis 25 (January):109-115.score: 30.0
  26. B. A. C. Saunders & J. van Brakel (1997). Are There Nontrivial Constraints on Colour Categorization? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):167-179.score: 30.0
    In this target article the following hypotheses are discussed: (1) Colour is autonomous: a perceptuolinguistic and behavioural universal. (2) It is completely described by three independent attributes: hue, brightness, and saturation: (3) Phenomenologically and psychophysically there are four unique hues: red, green, blue, and yellow; (4) The unique hues are underpinned by two opponent psychophysical and/or neuronal channels: red/green, blue/yellow. The relevant literature is reviewed. We conclude: (i) Psychophysics and neurophysiology fail to set nontrivial constraints on colour categorization. (ii) Linguistic (...)
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  27. Linda Thorne & SusanBartholomew Saunders (2002). The Socio-Cultural Embeddedness of Individuals' Ethical Reasoning in Organizations (Cross-Cultural Ethics). Journal of Business Ethics 35 (1):1 - 14.score: 30.0
    While models of business ethics increasingly recognize that ethical behavior varies cross-culturally, scant attention has been given to understanding how culture affects the ethical reasoning process that predicates individuals' ethical actions. To address this gap, this paper illustrates how culture may affect the various components of individuals' ethical reasoning by integrating findings from the cross-cultural management literature with cognitive-developmental perspective. Implications for future research and transnational organizations are discussed.
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  28. Werner Menski, Carl Olson, William Cenkner, Anne E. Monius, Sarah Hodges, Jeffrey J. Kripal, Carol Salomon, Deepak Sarma, William Cenkner, John E. Cort, Peter A. Huff, Joseph A. Bracken, Larry D. Shinn, Jonathan S. Walters, Ellison Banks Findly, John Grimes, Loriliai Biernacki, David L. Gosling, Thomas Forsthoefel, Michael H. Fisher, Ian Barrow, Srimati Basu, Natalie Gummer, Pradip Bhattacharya, John Grimes, Heather T. Frazer, Elaine Craddock, Andrea Pinkney, Joseph Schaller, Michael W. Myers, Lise F. Vail, Wayne Howard, Bradley B. Burroughs, Shalva Weil, Joseph A. Bracken, Christopher W. Gowans, Dan Cozort, Katherine Janiec Jones, Carl Olson, M. D. McLean, A. Whitney Sanford, Sarah Lamb, Eliza F. Kent, Ashley Dawson, Amir Hussain, John Powers, Jennifer B. Saunders & Ramdas Lamb (2005). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] International Journal of Hindu Studies 9 (1-3):153-228.score: 30.0
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  29. John T. Saunders (1969). In Defense of a Limited Privacy. Philosophical Review 78 (April):237-248.score: 30.0
  30. Simon Saunders (1996). Time, Quantum Mechanics, and Tense. Synthese 107 (1):19 - 53.score: 30.0
    The relational approach to tense holds that the now, passage, and becoming are to be understood in terms of relations between events. The debate over the adequacy of this framework is illustrated by a comparative study of the sense in which physical theories, (in)deterministic and (non)relativistic, can lend expression to the metaphysics at issue. The objective is not to settle the matter, but to clarify the nature of this metaphysics and to establish that the same issues are at stake in (...)
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  31. Alan Saunders (2009). Getting It Across. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (1):1 – 3.score: 30.0
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  32. John T. Saunders (1973). Persons, Criteria, and Skepticism. Metaphilosophy 4 (April):95-123.score: 30.0
  33. Stewart Saunders (2009). Costly Signalling: A Work in Progress. Biology and Philosophy 24 (3):405-416.score: 30.0
    The Evolution of Animal Communication is a detailed examination of a wide variety of animal signalling systems. The main focus of the book is explaining how such signalling systems remain reliable when there is apparent evolutionary pressure to deceive. The principle strategy is to appeal to signal costs: signals remain reliable because the potential benefits of deceit are outweighed by the costs of producing the deceptive signal. In this review I show just how difficult this idea is to test, even (...)
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  34. Trevor J. Saunders (1973). Plato on Killing in Anger: A Reply to Professor Woozley. Philosophical Quarterly 23 (93):350-356.score: 30.0
    In response to woozley's paper in "philosophical quarterly" 22 (1972), 303-17, This article argues: (a) that plato's penology in the laws is radically 'reformative'. (b) that his overriding concern is not with blame or guilt or moral responsibility, But with an exact diagnosis and then 'cure' of the criminal's 'unjust' state of mind. (c) that he uses 'hekousios' and 'akousios' in effect in the sense 'prompted by injustice in the soul of the agent' and 'not thus prompted' respectively. (d) that (...)
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  35. Simon Saunders, See the Symmetries.score: 30.0
    I heard about and laid hold of the idea of a four dimensional frame for a fresh apprehension of physical phenomena, which afterwards led me to send a paper, ‘The Universe Rigid’, to the Fortnightly Review (a paper which was rejected by Frank Harris as ‘incomprehensible’), and gave me a frame for my …rst scienti…c fantasia, The Time Machine. If there was a Universe rigid, and hitherto uniform, the character of the consequent world would depend entirely, I argued along (...)
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  36. E. R. John, L. S. Prichep, W. Kox, P. Valdes-Sosa, J. Bosch-Bayard, E. Aubert, M. Tom, F. diMichele & L. D. Gugino (2001). Invariant Reversible QEEG Effects of Anesthetics. Consciousness and Cognition 10 (2):165-183.score: 30.0
    Continuous recordings of brain electrical activity were obtained from a group of 176 patients throughout surgical procedures using general anesthesia. Artifact-free data from the 19 electrodes of the International 10/20 System were subjected to quantitative analysis of the electroencephalogram (QEEG). Induction was variously accomplished with etomidate, propofol or thiopental. Anesthesia was maintained throughout the procedures by isoflurane, desflurane or sevoflurane (N = 68), total intravenous anesthesia using propofol (N = 49), or nitrous oxide plus narcotics (N = 59). A set (...)
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  37. Simon Saunders (2005). Complementarity and Scientific Rationality. Foundations of Physics 35 (3):417-447.score: 30.0
    Bohr’s interpretation of quantum mechanics has been criticized as incoherent and opportunistic, and based on doubtful philosophical premises. If so Bohr’s influence, in the pre-war period of 1927–1939, is the harder to explain, and the acceptance of his approach to quantum mechanics over de Broglie’s had no reasonable foundation. But Bohr’s interpretation changed little from the time of its first appearance, and stood independent of any philosophical presuppositions. The principle of complementarity is itself best read as a conjecture of unusually (...)
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  38. L. R. Saunders (1964). Rational Deduction in Physics: The Parallelogram of Forces. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 14 (56):265-273.score: 30.0
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  39. Allan S. Brett, James I. Raymond, Donald E. Saunders & George Khushf (1998). An Ethics Discussion Series for Hospital Administrators. HEC Forum 10 (2):177-185.score: 30.0
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  40. John Turk Saunders (1958). A Sea Fight Tomorrow? Philosophical Review 67 (3):367-378.score: 30.0
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  41. John Turk Saunders (1966). Of God and Freedom. Philosophical Review 75 (2):219-225.score: 30.0
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  42. John Turk Saunders (1972). Thalberg's Challenge to Justification Via Deduction. Philosophical Studies 23 (5):358 - 364.score: 30.0
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  43. Hugh M. O'Neill, Charles B. Saunders & Anne Derwinski McCarthy (1989). Board Members, Corporate Social Responsiveness and Profitability: Are Tradeoffs Necessary? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 8 (5):353 - 357.score: 30.0
    The relationship between corporate social responsiveness and profitability is investigated in a sample of corporate directors. The findings show there is no relationship between the level of director social responsiveness and corporate profitability. The implications of these results are discussed, especially as they relate to concerns about corporate governance.
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  44. Ruth Saunders (1983). Quine and Davidson on the Reference of Theoretical Terms and Constraints on Psychology. Philosophical Studies 44 (1):121 - 139.score: 30.0
  45. John Turk Saunders (1963). Skepticism and Memory. Philosophical Review 72 (4):477-486.score: 30.0
  46. Ronald Neufeldt, Michael H. Fisher, Alan Lowenschuss, R. Blake Michael, Jennifer B. Saunders, Will Sweetman, Jason D. Fuller, Christopher Key Chapple, M. Whitney Kelting, Heidi Pauwels, D. Dennis Hudson, Kate Romanoff, Thomas Forsthoefel, Sonya L. Jones, Frank J. Korom & Kathleen D. Morrison (1999). Book Reviews and Notices. [REVIEW] International Journal of Hindu Studies 3 (1):83-107.score: 30.0
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  47. Simon Saunders (1996). Comment on Lockwood. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (2):241-248.score: 30.0
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