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  1. Tom Walker (forthcoming). Paternalism and Populations. Public Health Ethics:phv019.
    It is relatively uncontroversial that some public health policies are paternalistic. Furthermore, that they are paternalistic is often taken to show that they are morally wrong. In this article I challenge this position. The article starts by arguing that given standard definitions of paternalism it is unclear why such policies count as paternalistic. Whilst it might appear that they impose restrictions on what individuals can, or cannot, do for their own good, this is not the case. The reason for this (...)
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  2. Sheelagh Mcguinness, Tom Walker & Stephen Wilkinson (2013). Guest Editorial. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 22 (01):4-7.
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  3. Sheelagh Mcguinness, Tom Walker & Stephen Wilkinson (2013). Guest Editorial - A Complex Web of Questions. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 22 (1):4-7.
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  4. Tom Walker (2013). Respecting Autonomy Without Disclosing Information. Bioethics 27 (7):388-394.
    There is widespread agreement that it would be both morally and legally wrong to treat a competent patient, or to carry out research with a competent participant, without the voluntary consent of that patient or research participant. Furthermore, in medical ethics it is generally taken that that consent must be informed. The most widely given reason for this has been that informed consent is needed to respect the patient’s or research participant’s autonomy. In this article I set out to challenge (...)
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  5. Tom Walker (2012). Ulysses Contracts in Medicine. Law and Philosophy 31 (1):77-98.
    Ulysses contracts are a method by which one person binds himself by agreeing to be bound by others. In medicine such contracts have primarily been discussed as ways of treating people with episodic mental illnesses, where the features of the illness are such that they now judge that they will refuse treatment at the time it is needed. Enforcing Ulysses contracts in these circumstances would require medical professionals to override the express refusal of the patient at the time treatment is (...)
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  6. Tom Walker (2011). Informed Consent and the Requirement to Ensure Understanding. Journal of Applied Philosophy 29 (1):50-62.
    It is generally held that doctors and researchers have an obligation to obtain informed consent. Over time there has been a move in relation to this obligation from a requirement to disclose information to a requirement to ensure that that information is understood. Whilst this change has been resisted, in this article I argue that both sides on this matter are mistaken. When investigating what information is needed for consent to be informed we might be trying to determine what information (...)
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  7. Tom Walker (2010). Who Do We Treat First When Resources Are Scarce? Journal of Applied Philosophy 27 (2):200-211.
    In a health service with limited resources we must make decisions about who to treat first. In this paper I develop a version of the restoration argument according to which those whose need for resources is a consequence of their voluntary choices should receive lower priority when it comes to health care. I then consider three possible problems for this argument based on those that have been raised against other theories of this type: that we don't know in a particular (...)
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  8. Jonathan Hughes & Tom Walker (2009). The Rule of Rescue in Clinical Practice. Clinical Ethics 4 (1):50-54.
    People often have a strong intuitive sense that we ought to rescue those in serious need, even in cases where we could produce better outcomes by acting in other ways. It has become common in such cases to refer to this as the Rule of Rescue. Within the medical field this rule has predominantly been discussed in relation to decisions about whether to fund particular treatments. Whilst in this setting the arguments in favour of the Rule of Rescue have generally (...)
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  9. Tom Walker (2009). The Ethics of Public Health Volumes I and II, Edited by Michael Freeman. Genomics, Society and Policy 5:77-80.
     
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  10. Tom Walker (2008). Could Sexual Selection Have Made Us Psychological Altruists. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (1):153-162.
    Psychological altruism (being motivated by the needs of others) has a tendency to produce behaviour that is costly in evolutionary terms. How, then, could the capacity for psychological altruism evolve? One suggestion is that it is the result of sexual selection. There are, however, two problems that face such an account: first, it is not clear that the resulting behaviour would be altruistic in the relevant sense, and second, it does not seem to fit with key features of our actual (...)
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  11. Tom Walker (2008). Giving Addicts Their Drug of Choice: The Problem of Consent. Bioethics 22 (6):314–320.
    Researchers working on drug addiction may, for a variety of reasons, want to carry out research which involves giving addicts their drug of choice. In carrying out this research consent needs to be obtained from those addicts recruited to participate in it. Concerns have been raised about whether or not such addicts are able to give this consent. Despite their differences, however, both sides in this debate appear to be agreed that the way to resolve this issue is to determine (...)
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