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Profile: Torbjörn Tännsjö (Stockholm University)
  1. Torbjörn Tännsjö (2015). A Realist and Internalist Response to One of Mackie’s Arguments From Queerness. Philosophical Studies 172 (2):347-357.
    If there is such a thing as objectively existing prescriptivity, as the moral realist claims, then we can also explain why—and we need not deny that—strong internalism is true. Strong conceptual internalism is true, not because of any belief in any magnetic force thought to be inherent in moral properties themselves, as Mackie argued, but because we do not allow that anyone has ‘accepted’ a normative claim, unless she is prepared to some extent to act on it.
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  2. Torbjörn Tännsjö (2015). Utilitarianism or Prioritarianism? Utilitas 27 (2):240-250.
    A simple hedonistic theory allowing for interpersonal comparisons of happiness is taken for granted in this article. The hedonistic theory is used to compare utilitarianism, urging us to maximize the sum total of happiness, with prioritarianism, urging us to maximize a sum total of weighed happiness. It is argued with reference to a few thought experiments that utilitarianism is, intuitively speaking, more plausible than prioritarianism. The problem with prioritarianism surfaces when prudence and morality come apart.
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  3. Torbjörn Tännsjö (2014). Utilitarianism and Informed Consent. Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (7):445-445.
    Being targeted by Nir Eyal's ingenious argument,1 I am pleased to have the opportunity to respond. It is fairly obvious that my utilitarian argument accomplishes what it is supposed to accomplish, namely a defence of the idea that the notion of informed consent should take roughly the form it takes in Western medicine. But does it fly in the face of commonsense moral thinking? I will argue that it does not.My argument is based on hedonistic utilitarianism.2 This means that it (...)
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  4. Henrik Ahlenius & Torbjörn Tännsjö (2012). Chinese and Westerners Respond Differently to the Trolley Dilemmas. Journal of Cognition and Culture 12 (3-4):195-201.
    A set of moral problems known as The Trolley Dilemmas was presented to 3000 randomly selected inhabitants of the USA, Russia and China. It is shown that Chinese are significantly less prone to support utility-maximizing alternatives, as compared to the US and Russian respondents. A number of possible explanations, as well as methodological issues pertaining to the field of surveying moral judgment and moral disagreement, are discussed.
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  5. Peter Asp, Christopher Bennett, Peter Cave, J. Angelo Corlett, Richard Dagger, Michael Davis, Anthony Ellis, Thomas S. Petersen, Julian V. Roberts & Torbjörn Tännsjö (2011). Recidivist Punishments: The Philosopher's View. Lexington Books.
    Much has been written about recidivist punishments, particularly within the area of criminology. However there is a notorious lack of penal philosophical reflection on this issue. This book attempts to fill that gap by presenting the philosopher’s view on this matter as a way of furthering the debate on recidivist punishments.
     
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  6. Torbjörn Tännsjö (2011). Applied Ethics. A Defence. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 14 (4):397-406.
    Given a reasonable coherentist view of justification in ethics, applied ethics, as here conceived of, cannot only guide us, in our practical decisions, but also provide moral understanding through explanation of our moral obligations. Furthermore, applied ethics can contribute to the growth of knowledge in ethics as such. We put moral hypotheses to crucial test in individual cases. This claim is defended against the challenges from moral intuitionism and particularism.
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  7. Torbjörn Tännsjö (2011). Why Should We Respect the Privacy of Donors of Biological Material? Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14 (1):43-52.
    Why should we respect the privacy of donors of biological material? The question is answered in the present article in general philosophical terms from the point of view of an ethics of honour, a libertarian theory of rights, a view of respect for privacy based on the idea that autonomy is of value in itself, and utilitarianism respectively. For different reasons the ethics of honour and the idea of the value of autonomy are set to one side. It surfaces that (...)
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  8. Torbjörn Tännsjö (2010). Medical Enhancement and the Ethos of Elite Sport. In Julian Savulescu & Nick Bostrom (eds.), Human Enhancement. Oup Oxford.
     
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  9. Torbjörn Tännsjö (2009). Ethos ofElite Sport. In Julian Savulescu & Nick Bostrom (eds.), Human Enhancement. Oup Oxford. 315.
     
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  10. Torbjörn Tännsjö (2009). On Deviant Causal Chains – No Need for a General Criterion. Analysis 69 (3):469 - 473.
    Donald Davidson brought to our attention deviant causal chains as a problem for causal theories of action. Consider Davidson's own example: " A climber might want to rid himself of the weight and danger of holding another man on a rope, and he might know that by loosening his hold on the rope he could rid himself of the weight and danger. This belief and want might so unnerve him as to cause him to loosen his hold, and yet it (...)
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  11. Torbjörn Tännsjö (2009). Ought We to Enhance Our Cognitive Capacities? Bioethics 23 (7):421-432.
    Ought we to improve our cognitive capacities beyond the normal human range? It might be a good idea to level out differences between peoples cognitive capacities; and some people's reaching beyond normal capacities may have some good side-effects on society at large (but also bad side-effects, of course). But is there any direct gain to be made from having ones cognitive capacities enhanced? Would this as such make our lives go better? No, I argue; or at least there doesn't seem (...)
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  12. Torbjörn Tännsjö (2008). Egalitarianism and the Putative Paradoxes of Population Ethics. Utilitas 20 (2):187-198.
    The repugnant conclusion is acceptable from the point of view of total utilitarianism. Total utilitarians do not seem to be bothered with it. They feel that it is in no way repugnant. To me, a hard-nosed total utilitarian, this settles the case. However, if, sometimes, I doubt that total utilitarianism has the final say in ethics, and tend to think that there may be something to some objection to it or another, it is the objection to it brought forward from (...)
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  13. Claudio M. Tamburrini & Torbjörn Tännsjö (2007). Transcending Human Limitations. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 1 (2):113 – 118.
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  14. Torbjorn Tannsjo (2007). Against Sexual Discrimination in Sports. In William J. Morgan (ed.), Ethics in Sport. Human Kinetics, Inc. 347.
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  15. Torbjörn Tännsjö (2007). Future People, the All Affected Principle, and the Limits of the Aggregation: Model of Democracy.”. In J. Josefsson D. Egonsson (ed.), Hommage à Wlodek. Philosophical Papers Dedicated to Wlodek Rabinowicz.
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  16. Torbjörn Tännsjö (2007). Moral Relativism. Philosophical Studies 135 (2):123 - 143.
    Moral relativism comes in many varieties. One is a moral doctrine, according to which we ought to respect other cultures, and allow them to solve moral problems as they see fit. I will say nothing about this kind of moral relativism in the present context. Another kind of moral relativism is semantic moral relativism, according to which, when we pass moral judgements, we make an implicit reference to some system of morality (our own). According to this kind of moral relativism, (...)
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  17. Torbjörn Tännsjö (2007). Social Psychology and the Paradox of Revolution. South African Journal of Philosophy 26 (2):228-238.
    No. South African Journal of Philosophy Vol.26 (2) 2007:228-238.
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  18. Torbjörn Tännsjö (2007). Why No Compromise is Possible. Metaphilosophy 38 (2-3):330–343.
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  19. Torbjorn Tannsjo (2007). The Myth of Innocence: On Collective Responsibility and Collective Punishment. Philosophical Papers 36 (2):295-314.
    Collectivities, just like individuals, exist, can act, bear responsibility for their acts and omissions, and be guilty. It sometimes makes sense to hold them responsible for what they do, or don't do, and to punish them for their misdeeds. With respect to many collectivities there is no practical purpose in holding them responsible, since there is no way that we can bring them to justice. But there are exceptions from this rule. In particular it is plausible to assume that sanctions (...)
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  20. Jesper Ryberg, Torbjörn Tännsjö & Gustaf Arrhenius (2006). The Repugnant Conclusion. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Online; Last Accessed October 4:2006.
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  21. Torbjörn Tännsjö (2006). Cosmopolitan Democracy Revisited. Public Affairs Quarterly 20 (3):267-291.
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  22. Torbjörn Tännsjö (2006). Non-Voluntary Sterilization. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (4):401 – 415.
    We cannot easily condemn in principle a policy where people are non-voluntarily sterilized with their informed consent (where they accept sterilization, if they do, in order to avoid punishment). There are conceivable circumstances where such a policy would be morally acceptable. One such conceivable circumstance is the one (incorrectly, as it were) believed by most decent advocates of eugenics in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century to exist: to wit, a situation where the human race as such is facing (...)
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  23. Torbjörn Tännsjö (2006). Rational Injustice. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 36 (4):423-439.
    Different attempts have been made to answer Reich’s question of why the majority of those who are hungry don’t steal and why the majority of those who are exploited don’t strike. The two most influential approaches have been the ideological one and the gunman theory. The gunman theory seems to have the upper hand. However, there are cases where oppression takes place in the absence of any gunman. The usual example is the democratic welfare state. We can conceive of such (...)
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  24. Torbjörn Tännsjö (2006). Understanding Through Explanation in Ethics. Theoria 72 (3):213-220.
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  25. Claudia Tamburrini & Torbjorn Tannsjo (2005). 15 The Genetic Design of a New Amazon. In Claudio Marcello Tamburrini & Torbjörn Tännsjö (eds.), Genetic Technology and Sport: Ethical Questions. Routledge. 181.
  26. Claudio Marcello Tamburrini & Torbjörn Tännsjö (eds.) (2005). Genetic Technology and Sport: Ethical Questions. Routledge.
    For elite athletes seeking a winning advantage, manipulation of their own genetic code has become a realistic possibility. In Genetic Technology and Sport, experts from sports science, genetics, philosophy, ethics, and international sports administration describe the potential applications of the new technology and debate the questions surrounding its use.
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  27. Torbjörn Tännsjö (2004). Review: Goodness and Advice. [REVIEW] Mind 113 (452):787-791.
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  28. Torbjorn Tannsjo (2002). Coercive Care: Ethics of Choice in Health & Medicine. Routledge.
    Coercive Care asks probing and challenging questions regarding the use of coercion in health care and the social services. The book combines philosophical analysis with comparative studies of social policy and law in a large number of industrialized countries.
     
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  29. Torbjörn Tännsjö (2002). Quine's Nihilism. Ratio 15 (2):205–219.
    Quine is an important philosopher. The point of departure of his philosophical enterprise is sound: his down to earth naturalism, his scientism and behaviourism. However, he tends to get carried away by it, when he goes to extremes – and ends up in nihilism. It is certainly true that we can never quite rule out the possibility that we have misunderstood another person. And what he or she means is a consequence mainly of two things. It is a consequence of (...)
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  30. Torbjorn Tannsjo (2002). Quine's Nihilism. Ratio 15 (2):205-219.
    Quine is an important philosopher. The point of departure of his philosophical enterprise is sound: his down to earth naturalism, his scientism and behaviourism. However, he tends to get carried away by it, when he goes to extremes – and ends up in nihilism. It is certainly true that we can never quite rule out the possibility that we have misunderstood another person. And what he or she means is a consequence mainly of two things. It is a consequence of (...)
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  31. Torbjorn Tannsjo (2002). Why We Ought to Accept the Repugnant Conclusion. Utilitas 14 (03):339-.
    Derek Parfit has famously pointed out that ‘total’ utilitarian views, such as classical hedonistic utilitarianism, lead to the conclusion that, to each population of quite happy persons there corresponds a more extensive population with people living lives just worth living, which is better. In particular, for any possible population of at least ten billion people, all with a very high quality of life, there must be some much larger imaginable population whose existence, if other things are equal, would be better, (...)
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  32. Torbjorn Tannsjo & Heta Aleksandra Gylling (2002). Book Review-//Coercive Care: The Ethics of Choice in Health and Medicine. [REVIEW] Bioethics 16 (1):84-86.
     
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  33. Torbjörn Tännsjö (2000). Must We, the Reader and I, Make Great Sacrifices In Order to Save Starving Children? Theoria 66 (1):115-122.
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  34. Torbjörn Tännsjö (2000). The Expressivist Theory of Truth. Theoria 66 (3):256-272.
  35. Torbjörn Tännsjö (1999). Coercive Care: The Ethics of Choice in Health and Medicine. Routledge.
    Coercive Care: The Ethics of Choice in Health and Medicine asks probing and challenging questions regarding the use of coercion in health care and social services. This book combines philosophical analysis with comparative studies of social policy and law in a large number of industrialized countries and proposes an ideal of judicial security on a global scale.
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  36. Torbjörn Tännsjö (1999). Two Concepts of Death Reconciled. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2 (1):41-46.
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  37. Torbjorn Tannsjo (1998). Metaphysics and Morality. Inquiry 41 (3):355 – 359.
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  38. Torbjörn Tännsjö (1998). Compulsory Sterilisation in Sweden. Bioethics 12 (3):236–249.
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  39. Torbjörn Tännsjö (1998). Hedonistic Utilitarianism. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  40. Törbjörn Tännsjö (1998). Is Our Admiration for Sports Heroes Fascistoid? Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 25 (1):23-34.
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  41. Torbjorn Tannsjo (1997). Ought We to Sentence People to Psychiatric Treatment? Bioethics 11 (3-4):298-308.
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  42. Torbjörn Tännsjö (1997). Doom Soon? Inquiry 40 (2):243 – 252.
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  43. Torbjörn Tännsjö (1997). Om rationalitet. Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 2.
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  44. Torbjörn Tännsjö (1997). Varför inte dödstraff? Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 4.
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  45. Torbjörn Tännsjö (1996). Classical Hedonistic Utilitarianism. Philosophical Studies 81 (1):97 - 115.
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  46. Torbjörn Tännsjö (1995). Blameless Wrongdoing. Ethics 106 (1):120-127.
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  47. Torbjörn Tännsjö (1995). In Defence of Theory in Ethics. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 25 (4):571 - 593.
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  48. Torbjörn Tännsjö (1995). Koherens och epistemiskt rättfärdigande. Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 1.
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  49. Torbjorn Tannsjo (1995). Blameless Wrongdoing. Ethics 106 (1):120 - 127.
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  50. Torbjörn Tännsjö (1995). The Secular Model of the Multi‐Cultural State. Inquiry 38 (1-2):109-117.
    On what model should a modern multi?cultural democracy work? Spinosa et al. have argued that the political order should be sustained by a set of common values instilled in the citizens, without, however, any common rank order among these values. I argue that the multi?cultural state should rather conform to what I call the Secular Model, according to which the citizens need not share any basic values at all. On the Secular Model, people individually stick to the existing constitution (only) (...)
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