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Profile: Torsten Wilholt (Universität Hannover)
  1. Torsten Wilholt (forthcoming). Review: Philip Kitcher: Science in a Democratic Society. [REVIEW] Philosophical Explorations.
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  2. Torsten Wilholt (2013). Epistemic Trust in Science. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 64 (2):233-253.
    Epistemic trust is crucial for science. This article aims to identify the kinds of assumptions that are involved in epistemic trust as it is required for the successful operation of science as a collective epistemic enterprise. The relevant kind of reliance should involve working from the assumption that the epistemic endeavors of others are appropriately geared towards the truth, but the exact content of this assumption is more difficult to analyze than it might appear. The root of the problem is (...)
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  3. Torsten Wilholt (2012). Conventionalism: Poincaré, Duhem, Reichenbach. In James R. Brown (ed.), Philosophy of Science: The Key Thinkers. Continuum Books. 32.
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  4. Torsten Wilholt & Hans Glimell (2011). Conditions of Science: The Three-Way Tension of Freedom, Accountability and Utility. In M. Carrier & A. Nordmann (eds.), Science in the Context of Application. Springer. 351--370.
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  5. Torsten Wilholt (2010). Scientific Freedom: Its Grounds and Their Limitations. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (2):174-181.
    In various debates about science, appeal is made to the freedom of scientific research. A rationale in favor of this freedom is rarely offered. In this paper, two major arguments are reconstructed that promise to lend support to a principle of scientific freedom. According to the epistemological argument, freedom of research is required in order to organize the collective cognitive effort we call science efficiently. According to the political argument, scientific knowledge needs to be generated in ways that are independent (...)
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  6. Torsten Wilholt (2009). Bias and Values in Scientific Research. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 40 (1):92-101.
    When interests and preferences of researchers or their sponsors cause bias in experimental design, data interpretation or dissemination of research results, we normally think of it as an epistemic shortcoming. But as a result of the debate on science and values, the idea that all ‘extra-scientific’ influences on research could be singled out and separated from pure science is now widely believed to be an illusion. I argue that nonetheless, there are cases in which research is rightfully regarded as epistemologically (...)
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  7. Torsten Wilholt (2009). Die Objektivität der Wissenschaften als soziales Phänomen. Analyse and Kritik 31 (2).
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  8. Torsten Wilholt (2008). When Realism Made a Difference: The Constitution of Matter and its Conceptual Enigmas in Late 19th Century Physics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 39 (1):1-16.
    The late 19th century debate among German-speaking physicists about theoretical entities is often regarded as foreshadowing the scientific realism debate. This paper brings out differences between them by concentrating on the part of the earlier debate that was concerned with the conceptual consistency of the competing conceptions of matter—mainly, but not exclusively, of atomism. Philosophical antinomies of atomism were taken up by Emil Du Bois-Reymond in an influential lecture in 1872. Such challenges to the consistency of atomism had repercussions within (...)
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  9. Torsten Wilholt (2007). Review of José Ferreiros and Jeremy J Gray (Eds.): The Architecture of Modern Mathematics: Essays in History and Philosophy. [REVIEW] Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 13 (2).
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  10. Matthias Adam, Martin Carrier & Torsten Wilholt (2006). How to Serve the Customer and Still Be Truthful: Methodological Characteristics of Applied Research. Science and Public Policy 33 (6):435-444.
    Transdisciplinarity includes the assumption that within new institutional settings, scientific research becomes more closely responsive to practical problems and user needs and is therefore often subject to considerable application pressure. This raises the question whether transdisciplinarity affects the epistemic standards and the fruitfulness of research. Case studies show how user-orientation and epistemic innovativeness can be combined. While the modeling involved in all cases under consideration was local and focused primarily on features of immediate practical relevance, it was informed by theoretical (...)
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  11. Paul E. Griffiths, Jordi Cat, Henry E. Kyburg Jr, Torsten Wilholt & Alisa Bokulich (2006). 1. IC Jarvie: The Republic of Science: The Emergence of Popper&# X2019; s Social View of Science 1935&# X2013; 1945, IC Jarvie: The Republic of Science: The Emergence of Popper&# X2019; s Social View of Science 1935&# X2013; 1945, (Pp. 108-121). [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 73 (1).
     
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  12. Torsten Wilholt (2006). Design Rules: Industrial Research and Epistemic Merit. Philosophy of Science 73 (1):66-89.
    A common complaint against the increasing privatization of research is that research that is conducted with the immediate purpose of producing applicable knowledge will not yield knowledge as valuable as that generated in more curiosity‐driven, academic settings. In this paper, I make this concern precise and reconstruct the rationale behind it. Subsequently, I examine the case of industry research on the giant magnetoresistance effect in the 1990s as a characteristic example of research undertaken under considerable pressure to produce applicable results. (...)
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  13. Torsten Wilholt (2006). Kausalität ohne Ursachen. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 60 (3):358 - 379.
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  14. Torsten Wilholt (2006). Lost on the Way From Frege to Carnap: How the Philosophy of Science Forgot the Applicability Problem. Grazer Philosophische Studien 73 (1):69-82.
    This paper offers an explanation of how philosophy of science in the second half of the 20th century came to be so conspicuously silent on the problem of how to explain the applicability of mathematics. It examines the idea of the early logicists that the analyticity of mathematics accounts for its applicability, and how this idea was transformed during Carnap's efforts to establish a consistent and substantial philosophy of mathematics within the larger framework of Logical Empiricism. I argue that at (...)
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  15. Torsten Wilholt (2006). Scientific Autonomy and Planned Research: The Case of Space Science. Poiesis and Praxis 4 (4):253-265.
    Scientific research that requires space flight has always been subject to comparatively strong external control. Its agenda has often had to be adapted to vacillating political target specifications. Can space scientists appeal to one or the other form of the widely acknowledged principle of freedom of research in order to claim more autonomy? In this paper, the difficult question of autonomy within planned research is approached by examining three arguments that support the principle of freedom of research in differing ways. (...)
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  16. Torsten Wilholt (2006). Think About the Consequences! Nominalism and the Argument From the Philosophy of Logic. Dialectica 60 (2):115–133.
    Nominalism (the thesis that there are no abstract objects) faces the task of explaining away the ontological commitments of applied mathematical statements. This paper reviews an argument from the philosophy of logic that focuses on this task and which has been used as an objection to certain specific formulations of nominalism. The argument as it is developed in this paper aims to show that nominalism in general does not have the epistemological advantages its defendants claim it has. I distinguish between (...)
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  17. Torsten Wilholt (2005). Explaining Models: Theoretical and Phenomenological Models and Their Role for the First Explanation of the Hydrogen Spectrum. [REVIEW] Foundations of Chemistry 7 (2):149-169.
    Traditional nomological accounts of scientific explanation have assumed that a good scientific explanation consists in the derivation of the explanandum’s description from theory (plus antecedent conditions). But in more recent philosophy of science the adequacy of this approach has been challenged, because the relation between theory and phenomena in actual scientific practice turns out to be more intricate. This critique is here examined for an explanatory paradigm that was groundbreaking for 20th century physics and chemistry (and their interrelation): Bohr’s first (...)
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  18. Torsten Wilholt (2001). Ludwig Boltzmann's Mathematical Argument for Atomism. Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 9:199-211.
  19. Torsten Wilholt (2001). Review of John Blackmore (Ed.): Ludwig Boltzmann: Troubled Genius as Philosopher. [REVIEW] Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 8 (6).
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