Search results for 'Torture ethics' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  26
    Uwe Steinhoff (2013). On the Ethics of Torture. State University of New York Press.
    A detailed, clear, and comprehensive overview of the current philosophical debate on. The question of when, and under what circumstances, the practice of torture might be justified has received a great deal of attention in the last decade in both academia and in the popular media. Many of these discussions are, however, one-sided with other perspectives either ignored or quickly dismissed with minimal argument. In On the Ethics of Torture, Uwe Steinhoff provides a complete account of the (...)
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  2.  9
    F. M. Kamm (ed.) (2011). Ethics for Enemies: Terror, Torture, and War. Oxford University Press.
    Ethics for Enemies comprises three original philosophical essays on torture, terrorism, and war. F. M. Kamm deploys ethical theory in her challenging new treatments of these most controversial practical issues. First she considers the nature of torture and the various occasions on which it could occur, in order to determine why it might be wrong to torture a wrongdoer held captive, even if this were necessary to save his victims. In the second essay she considers what (...)
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  3. David Rodin (ed.) (2007). War, Torture and Terrorism: Ethics and War in the 21st Century. Blackwell Pub..
    This collection by leading scholars represents state of the art writings on the ethics of war. Many of the most important and contested controversies in modern war receive comprehensive discussion: the practice of torture, terrorism, assassination and targeted killing, the bombing of civilians in war, humanitarian intervention, and the invasion of Iraq Analytical introduction provides a guide to recent developments in the ethics of war An excellent overview for general readers interested in the current debate and controversies (...)
     
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  4.  4
    Holger Furtmayr & Andreas Frewer (2010). Documentation of Torture and the Istanbul Protocol: Applied Medical Ethics. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 13 (3):279-286.
    The so-called Istanbul Protocol, a Manual on the Effective Investigation and Documentation of Torture and other Cruel, Inhumane or Degrading Treatment or Punishment was adopted by the United Nations soon after its completion in 1999 and since then has become an acknowledged standard for documenting cases of alleged torture and other forms of severe maltreatment. In 2009 the “Forum for medicine and human rights” at the Medical Faculty at the University Erlangen-Nuremburg has provided the first German edition of (...)
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  5.  19
    R. S. Downie (1993). The Ethics of Medical Involvement in Torture. Journal of Medical Ethics 19 (3):135-137.
    The difficulties of establishing a definition of torture are discussed, and a definition is suggested. It is then argued that, irrespective of general ethical questions, doctors in particular should never be involved because of their social role.
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  6.  9
    R. M. Hare (1993). The Ethics of Medical Involvement in Torture: Commentary. Journal of Medical Ethics 19 (3):138-141.
    Torture does need to be defined if we are to know exactly what we are seeking to ban; but no single definition will do, because there are many possible ones, and we may want to treat different practices that might be called torture differently. Compare the case of homicide; we do not want to punish manslaughter as severely as murder, and may not want to punish killing in self-defence at all. There are degrees of torture as of (...)
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  7.  20
    William O'Donohue, Cassandra Snipes, Georgia Dalto, Cyndy Soto, Alexandros Maragakis & Sungjin Im (2014). The Ethics of Enhanced Interrogations and Torture: A Reappraisal of the Argument. Ethics and Behavior 24 (2):109-125.
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  8.  16
    Jean Maria Arrigo, David DeBatto, Lawrence Rockwood & Timothy G. Mawe (2015). The “Good” Psychologist, “Good” Torture, and “Good” Reputation—Response to O’Donohue, Snipes, Dalto, Soto, Maragakis, and Im “The Ethics of Enhanced Interrogations and Torture”. Ethics and Behavior 25 (5):361-372.
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  9.  15
    Philip R. Lee, Marcus Conant, Albert R. Jonsen & Steve Heilig (2006). Participation in Torture and Interrogation: An Inexcusable Breach of Medical Ethics—A Call to Hold Military Medical Personnel Accountable to Accepted Professional Standards. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (2):202-203.
    The profession of medicine has developed codes of ethical conduct for thousands of years. From the Hippocratic Oath of ancient Greece onward to modern times, a universal and central element of such codes has expressed the imperative that a physician shall “Do no harm.”.
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  10. J. Joseph Miller (2009). Aristotle, the Army, and Abu Ghraib : Torture and the Limits of Military Virtue Ethics. In Mark Evans (ed.), International Journal of Ethics. Nova Science Publishers, Inc. 53-64.
  11.  16
    D. Forrest (1996). Torture: Human Rights, Medical Ethics and the Case of Israel. Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (4):251-252.
  12.  3
    Joseph Boyle (2012). Kamm , F. M. Ethics for Enemies: Terror, Torture, and War Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. Pp. 178. $35.00 (Cloth). [REVIEW] Ethics 122 (4):819-824.
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  13. Edmund G. Howe (2002). "Degloved Patients, Torture Victims, and" Bi-Phasic Ethics". Journal of Clinical Ethics 13 (2):99.
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  14.  14
    Melissa M. Ptacek (2015). Simone de Beauvoir’s Algerian War: Torture and the Rejection of Ethics. Theory and Society 44 (6):499-535.
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  15.  11
    Ross W. Bellaby (2015). The Ethics of Torture-Lite. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 29 (2):177-190.
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  16.  41
    Jessica Wolfendale (2012). J. Jeremy Wisnewski & R.D. Emerick, The Ethics of Torture (New York: Continuum, 2009), 164 Pages. ISBN: 9780826498908 (Pbk.). Hardback/Paperback: $120/19.99. [REVIEW] Journal of Moral Philosophy 9 (1):137-139.
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  17. Michael Davis (2005). Applied Ethics: Three Fallacies of Torture. Free Inquiry 26:49-50.
     
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  18.  6
    J. Milburn Thompson (2008). Catholic Social Teaching And The Ethics Of Torture. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies 17 (2):22-42.
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  19.  10
    Nathan Gorelick (2008). Imagining Extraordinary Renditions: Terror, Torture and the Possibility of an Excessive Ethics in Literature. Theory and Event 11 (2).
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  20.  23
    J. L. Arbor (1986). Animal Chauvinism, Plant-Regarding Ethics and the Torture of Trees. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 64 (3):335 – 339.
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  21.  3
    A. Hosein (2015). Ethics for Enemies: Terror, Torture, and War, by F. M. Kamm * The Moral Target: Aiming at Right Conduct in War and Other Conflicts, by F. M. Kamm. [REVIEW] Mind 124 (494):639-646.
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  22.  1
    J. Jeremy Wisnewski (2014). Book Review: Ethics for Enemies: Terror, Torture, and War, Written by F.M. Kamm. [REVIEW] Journal of Moral Philosophy 11 (5):657-660.
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  23.  1
    Khalia Haydara (2011). Chapter 14 How Contextual Ethics Defies Ethical Personalism Case Studied: Interrogational Torture. In Cheikh Mbacke Gueye (ed.), Ethical Personalism. De Gruyter 241-256.
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  24. Uwe Steinhoff (2014). On the Ethics of Torture. State University of New York Press.
    _A detailed, clear, and comprehensive overview of the current philosophical debate on toture._.
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  25. J. Jeremy Wisnewski & R. D. Emerick (2009). The Ethics Of Torture. Continuum.
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  26. Jessica Wolfendale (2012). J. Jeremy Wisnewski & R.D. Emerick, The Ethics Of Torture. [REVIEW] Journal of Moral Philosophy 9 (1):137-139.
     
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  27. Jean Maria Arrigo (2004). A Utilitarian Argument Against Torture Interrogation of Terrorists. Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (3):543-572.
    Following the September 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States, much support for torture interrogation of terrorists has emerged in the public forum, largely based on the “ticking bomb” scenario. Although deontological and virtue ethics provide incisive arguments against torture, they do not speak directly to scientists and government officials responsible for national security in a utilitarian framework. Drawing from criminology, organizational theory, social psychology, the historical record, and my interviews with military professionals, I assess the potential (...)
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  28.  18
    Jonathan K. Crane (2011). PERSPECTIVES ON TORTURE: Reports From a Dialogue Including Christian, Judaic, Islamic, and Feminist Viewpoints. Journal of Religious Ethics 39 (4):585-588.
    Torture continues to be a pressing political issue in North America, yet religious scholarly reflection on the ethics of torture remains all but sidelined in public discourse for a variety of complex reasons. These reasons are explored—and critiqued—in this collection of reflections by Christian, Jewish, Muslim, and feminist religious ethicists. These scholars find that historical amnesia, forced if not twisted readings of classical texts and contemporary human rights instruments, and sociological factors are but a few of the (...)
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  29.  3
    Norain A. Siddiqui, Murat Civaner & Omur Cinar Elci (2013). Physician Involvement in Torture: An Ethical Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities 34 (1):59-71.
    Evidence proves that physician involvement in torture is widely practiced in society. Despite its status as an illegal act as established by multiple international organizations, mandates are routinely unheeded and feebly enforced. Philosophies condemning and condoning torture are examined as well as physicians’ professional responsibilities and the manner in which such varying allegiances can be persuasive. Physician involvement in torture has proven detrimental to the core values of medicine and has tainted the field’s commitment to individuals’ health (...)
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  30.  26
    J. Jeremy Wisnewski (2010). Understanding Torture. Edinburgh University Press.
    Understanding Torture surveys the massive literature surrounding torture, arguing that, once properly understood, there can be no defence of torture in any circumstances.
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  31.  79
    Paul Lauritzen (2010). Torture Warrants and Democratic States: Dirty Hands in an Age of Terror. Journal of Religious Ethics 38 (1):93-112.
    In the aftermath of September 11, 2001, policy makers and others have debated the question of whether or not the United States should torture in an effort to prevent terrorist attacks. In a series of controversial essays, the legal theorist Alan Dershowitz argues that, if a democratic society is going to torture, it should at least be done under the cover of law. To that end, he recommends establishing a legal mechanism by which a judge could issue (...) warrants—much as they do now for search warrants. In this essay, I examine Dershowitz's proposal in light of Michael Walzer's classic essay on dirty hands. Just as Walzer uses political theater as a lens for viewing the issue of political assassination, I similarly draw upon a dramatic response to Dershowitz's proposal to think through the issue of torture warrants. (shrink)
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  32.  59
    Darrell Cole (2012). Torture and Just War. Journal of Religious Ethics 40 (1):26-51.
    I offer an argument for why torture, as an act of state-sponsored force to gain information crucial to the well-being of the common good, should be considered as a tactic of war, and therefore scrutinized in terms of just war theory. I argue that, for those committed to the justifiability of the use of force, most of the popular arguments against all acts of torture are unpersuasive because the logic behind them would forbid equally any act of mutilating (...)
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  33. Jessica Wolfendale (2007). Torture and the Military Profession. Palgrave Macmillan.
    The military claims to be an honourable profession, yet military torture is widespread. Why is the military violating its own values? Jessica Wolfendale argues that the prevalence of military torture is linked to military training methods that cultivate the psychological dispositions connected to crimes of obedience. While these methods are used, the military has no credible claim to professional status. Combating torture requires that we radically rethink the nature of the military profession and military training.
     
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  34. Idelber Avelar (2004). The Letter of Violence: Essays on Narrative, Ethics, and Politics. Palgrave Macmillan.
    This book traces the theory of violence from nineteenth-century symmetrical warfare through today's warfare of electronics and unbalanced numbers. Surveying such luminaries as Walter Benjamin, Frantz Fanon, Hannah Arendt, Paul Virilio, and Jacques Derrida, Avelar also offers a discussion of theories of torture and confession, the work of Roman Polanski and Borges, and a meditation on the rise of the novel in Colombia.
     
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  35.  28
    Luciano Floridi & J. W. Sanders (2001). Artificial Evil and the Foundation of Computer Ethics. Ethics and Information Technology 3 (1):55-66.
    Moral reasoning traditionally distinguishes two types of evil:moral (ME) and natural (NE). The standard view is that ME is theproduct of human agency and so includes phenomena such as war,torture and psychological cruelty; that NE is the product ofnonhuman agency, and so includes natural disasters such asearthquakes, floods, disease and famine; and finally, that morecomplex cases are appropriately analysed as a combination of MEand NE. Recently, as a result of developments in autonomousagents in cyberspace, a new class of interesting (...)
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  36.  49
    Chiara Lepora & Joseph Millum (2011). The Tortured Patient: A Medical Dilemma. Hastings Center Report 41 (3):38-47.
    Torture is unethical and usually counterproductive. It is prohibited by international and national laws. Yet it persists: according to Amnesty International, torture is widespread in more than a third of countries. Physicians and other medical professionals are frequently asked to assist with torture. -/- Medical complicity in torture, like other forms of involvement, is prohibited both by international law and by codes of professional ethics. However, when the victims of torture are also patients in (...)
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  37.  17
    Gordon Pearson & Martin Parker (2001). The Relevance of Ancient Greeks to Modern Business? A Dialogue on Business and Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 31 (4):341 - 353.
    What follows is a dialogue, in the Platonic sense, concerning the justifications for "business ethics" as a vehicle for asking questions about the values of modern business organisations. The protagonists are the authors, Gordon Pearson – a pragmatist and sceptic where business ethics is concerned – and Martin Parker – a sociologist and idealist who wishes to be able to ask ethical questions of business. By the end of the dialogue we come to no agreement on the necessity (...)
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  38.  20
    Nolen Gertz (2014). The Philosophy of War and Exile: From the Humanity of War to the Inhumanity of Peace. Palgrave-Macmillan.
    The Philosophy of War and Exile argues that our current paradigms for thinking about the ethics of war - just war theory - and the suffering of war - PTSD theory - judge war without a proper understanding of war. By continuing the investigations of J. Glenn Gray into the meaning of how war is experienced by combatants we can find an alternative understanding of not only war, but of peace, culminating in a new theory of responsibility centered around (...)
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  39. Michael Ignatieff (2004). The Lesser Evil: Political Ethics in an Age of Terror. Edinburgh University Press.
    Must we fight terrorism with terror and torture with torture? Must we sacrifice civil liberty to protect public safety?In the age of terrorism Michael Ignatieff argues that we must not shrink from the use of violence. But its use - in a liberal democracy - must be measured. And we must not fool ourselves that whatever we do in the name of freedom and democracy is good. We may need to kill to fight the greater evil of terrorism, (...)
     
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  40.  18
    David K. Chan (2012). Beyond Just War: A Virtue Ethics Approach. Palgrave Macmillan.
    Are today’s wars different from earlier wars? Or do we need a different ethics for old and new wars alike? Unlike most books on the morality of war, this book rejects the ‘just war’ tradition, proposing a virtue ethics of war to take its place. Like torture, war cannot be justified. This book asks and answers the question: “If war is a very great evil, would a leader with courage, justice, compassion, and all the other moral virtues (...)
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  41. David Luban (2007). Legal Ethics and Human Dignity. Cambridge University Press.
    David Luban is one of the world's leading scholars of legal ethics. In this collection of his most significant papers from the past twenty-five years, he ranges over such topics as the moral psychology of organisational evil, the strengths and weaknesses of the adversary system, and jurisprudence from the lawyer's point of view. His discussion combines philosophical argument, legal analysis and many cases drawn from actual law practice, and he defends a theory of legal ethics that focuses on (...)
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  42. Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.) (2010). The Ethical Life: Fundamental Readings in Ethics and Moral Problems. Oxford University Press.
    Introduction -- Value theory : the nature of the good life -- Epicurus letter to Menoeceus -- John Stuart Mill, Hedonism -- Aldous Huxley, Brave new world -- Robert Nozick, The experience machine -- Richard Taylor, The meaning of life -- Jean Kazez, Necessities -- Normative ethics : theories of right conduct -- J.J.C. Smart, Eextreme and restricted utilitarianism -- Immanuel Kant the good will & the categorical imperative -- Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan -- Philippa Foot, Natural goodness -- Aristotle, (...)
     
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  43.  17
    Peter A. Clark (2006). Medical Ethics at Guantanamo Bay and Abu Ghraib: The Problem of Dual Loyalty. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 34 (3):570-580.
    Although knowledge of torture and physical and psychological abuse was widespread at both the Guantanamo Bay detention facility and Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq, and known to medical personnel, there was no official report before the January 2004 Army investigation of military health personnel reporting abuse, degradation or signs of torture. Military medical personnel are placed in a position of a “dual loyalty” conflict. They have to balance the medical needs of their patients, who happen to be detainees, (...)
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  44.  7
    Jesper Ryberg & Thomas Petersen (2014). Surgical Castration, Coercion and Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (9):593-594.
    John McMillan's detailed ethical analysis concerning the use of surgical castration of sex offenders in the Czech Republic and Germany is mainly devoted to considerations of coercion.1 This is not surprising. When castration is offered as an option to offenders and, at the same time, constitutes the only means by which these offenders are likely to be released from prison, it is reasonable—and close to the heart of modern medical ethics—to consider whether the offer involves some kind of coercion. (...)
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  45. David J. Rothman (2006). Trust is Not Enough: Bringing Human Rights to Medicine. New York Review Books.
    Addresses the issues at the heart of international medicine and social responsibility. A number of international declarations have proclaimed that health care is a fundamental human right. But if we accept this broad commitment, how should we concretely define the state’s responsibility for the health of its citizens? Although there is growing debate over this issue, there are few books for general readers that provide engaging accounts of critical incidents, practices, and ideas in the field of human rights, health care, (...)
     
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  46.  33
    D. McCready (2007). When Is Torture Right? Studies in Christian Ethics 20 (3):383-398.
    Despite nearly universal condemnation, torture remains a tool for interrogation, intimidation, and punishing. Even many who abhor torture are willing to consider its use in extraordinary situations. Both the deontological absolute prohibition of torture and the consequentialist justification of torture are inadequate ethics to address the issue. Dershowitz, Walzer, and Elshtain, among others, have attempted to redress the problem with more finely-tuned approaches, of which Elshtain's rejection of justification in favor of grace and forgiveness appears (...)
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  47.  31
    Norman Abeles (2011). Ethics and the Interrogation of Prisoners: An Update. Ethics and Behavior 20 (3):243-249.
    The issue of interrogation of detainees has received much attention in the psychological literature and by the media. Some estimate that more than 300 articles have been published in psychological journals on this topic. This article reiterates the content of the Presidential Task Force on Psychological Ethics and National Security and provides a brief history and background. This is followed by a section on the torture of prisoners and the role of psychologists. It includes discussion of resolutions passed (...)
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  48.  6
    N. Biggar (2014). Individual Rights Versus Common Security? Christian Moral Reasoning About Torture. Studies in Christian Ethics 27 (1):3-20.
    Should a Christian ethic endorse an individual’s right against torture? If so, how should its reasoning take into account considerations of common security? To answer these questions, this article first compares the early Christian ‘just war’ tradition’s pre-liberal reasoning about the ethics of harming with that of the liberal philosopher, David Rodin. It then deploys the fruits of this comparison—especially the contingency of a right against harm , and the distinction between natural moral rights and positive legal ones—in (...)
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  49.  12
    David A. Bennahum (2006). Historical Reflections on the Ethics of Military Medicine. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (4):345-355.
    The battlefield and wartime conditions often challenge physicians as to their understanding and commitment to the ethics of medicine. In Homer's Iliad we read of the first physicians on the battlefield before the walls of Troy, the sons of Asclepius, Machaon, and Podalirius. In his 16th century autobiography, Ambroise Paré recounts the first case of battlefield euthanasia of the wounded and of posttraumatic stress disorder and was renowned for his skill and humanity in the care of his soldiers. Dominique (...)
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  50.  7
    S. H. Burges (1980). Doctors and Torture: The Police Surgeon. Journal of Medical Ethics 6 (3):120-123.
    Much has been written by many distinguished persons about the philosophical, religious and ethical considerations of doctors and their involvement with torture. What follows will not have the erudition or authority of the likes of St Augustine, Mahatma Gandi, Schopenhauer or Thomas Paine. It represents the views of a very ordinary person; a presumption defended by the submission that many very ordinary persons have been, and will be, instruments for effecting, assisting or condoning the physical or mental anguish of (...)
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