Search results for 'Transcendental Argument' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Olaf L. Mueller (2003). Can They Say What They Want? A Transcendental Argument Against Utilitarianism. Southern Journal of Philosophy 41 (2):241-259.score: 78.0
    Let us imagine an ideal ethical agent, i.e., an agent who (i) holds a certain ethical theory, (ii) has all factual knowledge needed for determining which action among those open to her is right and which is wrong, according to her theory, and who (iii) is ideally motivated to really do whatever her ethical theory demands her to do. If we grant that the notions of omniscience and ideal motivation both make sense, we may ask: Could there possibly be an (...)
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  2. John McDowell (2008). The Disjunctive Conception of Experience as Material for a Transcendental Argument. In Fiona Macpherson & Adrian Haddock (eds.), Disjunctivism: Perception, Action, Knowledge. Oxford University Press. 19-33.score: 75.0
  3. Jamie Morgan (2004). The Nature of a Transcendental Argument: Toward a Critique of Dialectic: The Pulse of Freedom. Journal of Critical Realism 3 (2):305-340.score: 75.0
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  4. Chen Jiaming (2012). On the Issues of Transcendental Argument. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 7 (2):255-269.score: 75.0
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  5. Stephen Palmquist (2008). Kant's Quasi-Transcendental Argument for a Necessary and Universal Evil Propensity in Human Nature. Southern Journal of Philosophy 46 (2):261-297.score: 71.0
    In Part One of Religion within the Bounds of Bare Reason, Kant repeatedly refers to a “proof ” that human nature has a necessary and universal “evil propensity,” but he provides only obscure hints at its location. Interpreters have failed to identify such an argument in Part One. After examining relevant passages, summarizing recent attempts to reconstruct the argument, and explaining why these do not meet Kant’s stated needs, I argue that the elusive proof must have atranscendental form (...)
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  6. Carl Sachs (2009). Natural Agents: A Transcendental Argument for Pragmatic Naturalism. Contemporary Pragmatism 6 (1):15-37.score: 71.0
    I distinguish between two phases of Rorty’s naturalism: “nonreductive physicalism” (NRP) and “pragmatic naturalism” (PN). NRP holds that the vocabulary of mental states is irreducible to that of physical states, but this irreducibility does not distinguish the mental from other irreducible vocabularies. PN differs by explicitly accepting a naturalistic argument for the transcendental status of the vocabulary of agency. Though I present some reasons for preferring PN over NRP, PN depends on whether ‘normativity’ can be ‘naturalized’.
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  7. Robert Lockie (2003). Transcendental Arguments Against Eliminativism. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 54 (4):569-589.score: 66.0
    Eliminativism was targeted by transcendental arguments from the first. Three responses to these arguments have emerged from the eliminativist literature, the heart of which is that such arguments are question-begging. These responses are shown to be incompatible with the position, eliminativism, they are meant to defend. Out of these failed responses is developed a general transcendental argument against eliminativism (the "Paradox of Abandonment"). Eliminativists have anticipated this argument, but their six different attempts to counter it are (...)
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  8. Anthony Brueckner (1993). One More Failed Transcendental Argument. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (3):633-636.score: 60.0
    In "The Self-Defeating Character of Skepticism," Douglas C. Long presents a transcendental argument against epistemological skepticism.' The argument has a distinctively Kantian flavor (though Long does not highlight this connection), in that it proceeds from the premise that I have self-knowledge and ends with the conclusion that I have perceptual knowledge of an objective, material subject of mental states. If the skeptic wishes to accept the transcendental argument's premise (as he seems to do), then he (...)
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  9. Sílvio Pinto (2007). Un Argumento Trascendental Para la Inducción (a Transcendental Argument for Induction). Theoria 22 (2):189-211.score: 60.0
    Aquí lo que me interesa es, primero, distinguir dos problemas de justificación con respecto a la inferencia inductiva: por un lado, el de una justificación persuasiva de este tipo de inferencia y, por otro lado, el de una justificación explicativa de tal inferencia. En segundo lugar, intento mostrar que el argumento de Ramsey-de Finetti a favor de las reglas inductivas de la lógica bayesiana no es capaz de proporcionar una justifi-cación persuasiva de estas reglas. Finalmente, propongo una justificación explicativa para (...)
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  10. Mark Van Atten, Phenomenology and Transcendental Argument in Mathematics: The Case of Brouwer's Bar Theorem.score: 60.0
    On the intended interpretation of intuitionistic logic, Heyting's Proof Interpretation, a proof of a proposition of the form p -> q consists in a construction method that transforms any possible proof of p into a proof of q. This involves the notion of the totality of all proofs in an essential way, and this interpretation has therefore been objected to on grounds of impredicativity (e.g. Gödel 1933). In fact this hardly ever leads to problems as in proofs of implications usually (...)
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  11. John Richardson (2013). Nietzsche and Transcendental Argument. Kriterion: Revista de Filosofia 54 (128):287-305.score: 60.0
    My plan is to examine Nietzsche's view of (what is I think) the most characteristically Kantian kind of argument, what's now often called 'transcendental argument'. I understand this as an argument in which a concept or principle or value is justified as a 'condition of the possibility' of something indisputable (or indispensable). I will look at Nietzsche's critique of this pattern of argument in Kant, but also at the ways he still uses such arguments himself, (...)
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  12. Robert J. Benton (1978). The Transcendental Argument in Kant's. Journal of Value Inquiry 12 (3):225-237.score: 60.0
    From this summary account of the deduction we can draw a number of conclusions: In the first place, the guiding thesis used to make sense of the argument was that the argument needed to ground not just the moral law but a cognitive framework within which the moral law is the highest law. This distinction is important since it allows us to distinguish in the practical philosophy (as in the theoretical) a level of transcendental argumentation from a (...)
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  13. Dan Arnold (2008). Transcendental Arguments and Practical Reason in Indian Philosophy. Argumentation 22 (1):135-147.score: 59.0
    This paper examines some Indian philosophical arguments that are understandable as transcendental arguments—i.e., arguments whose conclusions cannot be denied without self-contradiction, insofar as the truth of the claim in question is a condition of the possibility even of any such denial. This raises the question of what kind of self-contradiction is involved—e.g., pragmatic self-contradiction, or the kind that goes with logical necessity. It is suggested that these arguments involve something like practical reason—indeed, that they just are arguments against the (...)
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  14. David Sullivan (2008). Russell's Transcendental Argument Revisited. The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 4 (1):200.score: 54.0
    Normal.dotm 0 0 1 148 741 Kansas State University 14 1 1037 12.0 0 false 18 pt 18 pt 0 0 false false false /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman";} This paper seeks to delineate some of the significant modes of philosophical resistance to, and subversion of, British Idealism already operational in Russell's earliest work. One key tactic employed in An Essay On the Foundations (...)
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  15. Jonathan Ellis (forthcoming). Stroud's Modest Transcendental Argument. In W. Wong, N. Kolodny & J. Bridges (eds.), The Possibility of Philosophical Understanding: Essays for Barry Stroud. Oxford University Press.score: 52.0
    Barry Stroud is well known as a critic of philosophers who purport to answer, or otherwise deflate, the threat of skepticism of the external world. He is most famous in this regard for his seminal paper on transcendental arguments, in which he argues that the prospects of defeating the skeptic with such arguments typically depend upon an implausible form of verification principle. There he mostly focuses upon Strawson and Shoemaker. But since then, Stroud has addressed strategies taken against skepticism (...)
     
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  16. Robert Stern (2003). On Kant's Response to Hume: The Second Analogy as Transcendental Argument. In , Transcendental Arguments: Problems and Prospects. Clarendon Press.score: 52.0
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  17. Ralph Cs Walker (1999). Induction and Transcendental Argument. In Robert Stern (ed.), Transcendental Arguments: Problems and Prospects. Oxford University Press.score: 52.0
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  18. Crispin Wright (2008). Comment on John McDowell's "The Disjunctive Conception of Experience as Material for a Transcendental Argument". In Adrian Haddock & Fiona Macpherson (eds.), Disjunctivism: Perception, Action and Knowledge. Oxford University Press. 390.score: 51.0
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  19. Tuukka Kaidesoja (2005). The Trouble with Transcendental Arguments: Towards a Naturalization of Roy Bhaskar's Early Realist Ontology. Journal of Critical Realism 4 (1):28-61.score: 51.0
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  20. Adrian Bardon (2005). Performative Transcendental Arguments. Philosophia 33 (1-4):69-95.score: 50.0
    ‘Performative’ transcendental arguments exploit the status of a subcategory of self-falsifying propositions in showing that some form of skepticism is unsustainable. The aim of this paper is to examine the relationship between performatively inconsistent propositions and transcendental arguments, and then to compare performative transcendental arguments to modest transcendental arguments that seek only to establish the indispensability of some belief or conceptual framework. Reconceptualizing transcendental arguments as performative helps focus the intended dilemma for the skeptic: performative (...)
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  21. Scott Stapleford (2006). Kant's Transcendental Arguments as Conceptual Proofs. Philosophical Papers 35 (1):119-136.score: 50.0
    The paper is an attempt to explain what a transcendental argument is for Kant. The interpretation is based on a reading of the 'Discipline of Pure Reason', Sections 1 and 4 of the first Critique. The author first identifies several statements that Kant makes about the method of proof he followed in the 'Analytic of Principles' which seem to be inconsistent. He then tries to remove the apparent inconsistencies by focusing on the idea of instantiation and drawing a (...)
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  22. Lucy Allais (2010). Kant's Argument for Transcendental Idealism in the Transcendental Aesthetic. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 110 (1):47-75.score: 48.0
    This paper gives an interpretation of Kant's argument for transcendental idealism in the Transcendental Aesthetic. I argue against a common way of reading this argument, which sees Kant as arguing that substantive a priori claims about mind-independent reality would be unintelligible because we cannot explain the source of their justification. I argue that Kant's concern with how synthetic a priori propositions are possible is not a concern with the source of their justification, but with how they (...)
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  23. Karl Ameriks (1978). Kant's Transcendental Deduction as a Regressive Argument. Kant-Studien 69 (1-4):273-287.score: 48.0
    Major recent interpretations of Kant's first "critique" (wolff, Strawson, Bennett) have taken his transcendental deduction to be an argument from the fact of consciousness to the existence of an objective world. I argue that it is unclear such an argument can succeed and there are overwhelming reasons to believe kant understood his deduction as having a very different form, namely as moving from the premise that there is empirical knowledge to the conclusion that there are universally valid (...)
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  24. Robert Stern (2011). Transcendental Argument. In Joel Smith & Peter Sullivan (eds.), Transcendental Philosophy and Naturalism. Oxford University Press. 74.score: 48.0
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  25. Leslie Stevenson (1982). Wittgenstein's Transcendental Deduction and Kant's Private Language Argument. Kant-Studien 73 (1-4):321-337.score: 48.0
    I first criticize strawson's account of the transcendental deduction, And then argue that wittgenstein's considerations (in his later work) of the rule-Governed nature of judgment can be used to reconstruct a valid argument for a certain kind of objectivity, Which excludes solipsims. I suggest how kant's talk of synthesis can be reinterpreted in the light of this, As indeed can the doctrine of empirical realism and transcendental idealism.
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  26. Stephen Clarke (2010). Transcendental Realisms in the Philosophy of Science: On Bhaskar and Cartwright. Synthese 173 (3):299 - 315.score: 46.0
    I consider two transcendental arguments for realism in the philosophy of science, which are due to Roy Bhaskar (A realist theory of science, 1975) and Nancy Cartwright (The dappled world, 1999). Bhaskar and Cartwright are both influential figures, however there is little discussion of their use of transcendental arguments in the literature. Here I seek to correct this oversight. I begin by describing the role of the transcendental arguments in question, in the context of the broader philosophical (...)
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  27. Sven Bernecker (2000). Knowing the World by Knowing One's Mind. Synthese 123 (1):1-34.score: 45.0
    This paper addresses the question whetherintrospection plus externalism about mental contentwarrant an a priori refutation of external-worldskepticism and ontological solipsism. The suggestionis that if thought content is partly determined byaffairs in the environment and if we can havenon-empirical knowledge of our current thoughtcontents, we can, just by reflection, know about theworld around us – we can know that our environment ispopulated with content-determining entities. Afterexamining this type of transcendental argument anddiscussing various objections found in the literature,I argue that (...)
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  28. G. L. Herstein (2005). Davidson on the Impossibility of Psychophysical Laws. Synthese 145 (1):45-63.score: 45.0
    Donald Davidsons classic argument for the impossibility of reducing mental events to physicallistic ones is analyzed and formalized in relational logic. This makes evident the scope of Davidsons argument, and shows that he is essentially offering a negative transcendental argument, i.e., and argument to the impossibility of certain kinds of logical relations. Some final speculations are offered as to why such a move might, nevertheless, have a measure of plausibility.
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  29. Robert J. Benton (1978). The Transcendental Argument in Kant's Groundwork. Journal of Value Inquiry 12 (3).score: 45.0
  30. Frederick Doepke (1996). The Kinds of Things: A Theory of Personal Identity Based on Transcendental Argument. Open Court Publishing Company.score: 45.0
    The Kinds of Things strongly supports the commonsense belief that in normal human life even changes in our deeply-held affections and ideals do not erode the ...
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  31. Anthony L. Brueckner (1989). Another Failed Transcendental Argument. Noûs 23 (4):525-530.score: 45.0
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  32. Mark Sagoff (2007). A Transcendental Argument for the Concept of Personhood in Neuroscience. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (1):72-73.score: 45.0
  33. Darrel D. Colson (1982). The Transcendental Argument Against Determinism: A Challenge yet Unmet. Southern Journal of Philosophy 20 (1):15-24.score: 45.0
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  34. Robert J. Benton (1977). The Transcendental Argument in Kant's Second Critique. Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 6 (1):41-74.score: 45.0
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  35. Colin Falck (1985). The Process of Meaning-Creation: A Transcendental Argument. Review of Metaphysics 38 (3):503 - 528.score: 45.0
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  36. William R. Rehg (1989). Lonergan's Performative Transcendental Argument Against Scepticism. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 63:257-268.score: 45.0
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  37. David Tyfield (2007). Tracking Down the Transcendental Argument and the Synthetic a Priori : Chasing Fairies or Serious Ontological Business. In Clive Lawson, John Latsis & Nuno Martins (eds.), Contributions to Social Ontology. Routledge. 15--142.score: 45.0
  38. Jamie Morgan (2004). The Nature of a Transcendental Argument. Journal of Critical Realism 3 (2):305-40.score: 45.0
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  39. Katarzyna Paprzycka (1998). Frederick C. Doepke, The Kinds of Things: A Theory of Personal Identity Based on Transcendental Argument Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 18 (4):248-250.score: 45.0
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  40. Michael Potter (2005). Ramsey's Transcendental Argument. In Hallvard Lillehammer & D. H. Mellor (eds.), Ramsey's Legacy. Oxford University Press. 71--82.score: 45.0
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  41. W. Vossenkuhl (1982). Transcendental Argumentation and Transcendental Argument-Possibility for a Transcendental Criticism. Philosophisches Jahrbuch 89 (1):10-24.score: 45.0
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  42. Olaf Müller (2001). Der antiskeptische Boden unter dem Gehirn im Tank. Eine transzendentale Fingerübung mit Intensionen. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 55 (4):516 - 539.score: 42.0
    Crispin Wright hat die bislang beste Rekonstruktion von Putnams Beweis gegen die skeptische Hypothese vom Gehirn im Tank vorgelegt. Aber selbst in Wrights Fassung hat der Beweis einen Mangel: Er wird mithilfe eines Prädikates wie z.B. "Tiger" geführt und funktioniert nur, wenn man sich darauf verlassen kann, dass es Tiger wirklich gibt. Aber die Skeptikerin bestreitet, über die Existenz von Tigern bescheid zu wissen. Das Problem lässt sich dadurch beheben, dass man den Beweis – statt mit dem extensionalen Begriff der (...)
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  43. Eddy M. Zemach (1975). Strawson's Transcendental Deduction. Philosophical Quarterly 25 (April):114-125.score: 42.0
    In both "individuals" and "the bounds of sense" p f strawson has argued that the no-Ownership theory of mental states is incoherent. He has argued for example, That the no-Ownership theorist must use, In stating his theory, A concept the validity of which the theory attempts to deny (i.E., That experiences are necessarily owned). I show that this argument is based on a confusion of modalities, Mistaking "de dicto" for "de re" necessity. I further show that the very claim (...)
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  44. Pekka Väyrynen (2004). Review of Christian Illies, The Grounds of Ethical Judgement: New Transcendental Arguments in Moral Philosophy. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2004 (3).score: 42.0
    This is a review of Christian Illies: The Grounds of Ethical Judgement: New Transcendental Arguments in Moral Philosophy (Clarendon Press, 2003).
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  45. Christian Onof (2008). Property Dualism, Epistemic Normativity, and the Limits of Naturalism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76 (1):60-85.score: 42.0
    This paper examines some consequences of the (quasi-)epiphenomenalism implied by a property dualistic view of phenomenal consciousness. The focus is upon the variation of phenomenal content over time. A thought-experiment is constructed to support two claims. The weaker claim exhibits an incompatibility which arises in certain logically possible situations between a conscious subject’s epistemic norms and the requirement that one be aware of one’s conscious experience. This could be interpreted as providing some epistemic grounds for the postulation of bridging laws (...)
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  46. Scott Stapleford (2005). Transcendental Arguments: Superfluity and Scepticism. Theoria 71 (4):333-367.score: 42.0
    The paper is a sustained analysis of some recent work on transcendental arguments with a view to assessing both its relevance to Kant's philosophy and its historical accuracy. Robert Stem's reading of Kant's philosophical aims is examined and criticized narrowly, and Barry Stroud's influential objection to transcendental arguments as a class is shown to be harmless. Kant is presented as a friend rather than a foe of scepticism, and his 'proto-verificationist' criterion of meaning is shown to underpin, rather (...)
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  47. Matheson Russell & Jack Reynolds (2011). Transcendental Arguments About Other Minds and Intersubjectivity. Philosophy Compass 6 (5):300-11.score: 41.0
    This article describes some of the main arguments for the existence of other minds, and intersubjectivity more generally, that depend upon a transcendental justification. This means that our focus will be largely on ‘continental’ philosophy, not only because of the abiding interest in this tradition in thematising intersubjectivity, but also because transcendental reasoning is close to ubiquitous in continental philosophy. Neither point holds for analytic philosophy. As such, this essay will introduce some of the important contributions of Edmund (...)
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  48. Holger Lyre (2009). Structural Realism and Abductive-Transcendental Arguments. In P. Kerszberg, J. Petitot & M. Bitbol (eds.), Constituting Objectivity. Transcendental Perspectives on Modern Physics.score: 39.0
    The paper deals with an attempt to present an “abductive-transcendentalargument in favour of a particular version of structural realism (SR), dubbed Intermediate SR. In the first part of the paper the general structure of transcendental arguments is scrutinized with a close view on Kant’s original version and the prospect of their abductive variation. Then the role of symmetries in modern physics, especially symmetries without real instantiations and in particular gauge symmetries is discussed. This is combined with (...)
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  49. J. F. Humphrey (2010). Reflections on the Economic Crisis. The Transcendental Character of Money: An Exposition of Karl Marx’s Argument in the Grundrisse. Nordicum-Mediterraneum, Vol. 5, No. 1 (March 2010) 5 (1).score: 39.0
    An exposition of Karl Marx’s argument in the Grundrisse for the logical development of money, this essay is divided into three parts. Since Marx is concerned to distinguish himself and his method from that of the seventeenth century political economists, I begin my paper with a brief reflection on “the scientifically correct method” or the “theoretical method” (Grundrisse 101 and 102). The second part of this paper considers how Marx justifies beginning his reflection with the concept of production in (...)
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