Search results for 'Transformational Grammar' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. In Transformational (1983). New Directions in Transformational Grammar. In Alex Orenstein & Rafael Stern (eds.), Developments in Semantics. Haven. 2--297.score: 1560.0
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  2. Transformational Grammar (forthcoming). James D. McCawley. Foundations of Language.score: 240.0
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  3. Transformational Grammar (1972). Sep 2972-10 Am. Foundations of Language 8:310.score: 240.0
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  4. Malgorzata Haladewicz-Grzelak (2008). An Epistemological Study of Chomsky's Transformational Grammar. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 38 (2):211-246.score: 174.0
    The article traces interpretative mechanisms hidden in Chomsky's Transformational Model. The framework is that of epistemological criticism, investigating the intertwining of interpretation, context and intuition. My hypothesis is that the Transformational Model is an example of a quasi-axiomatic, intuition-based grammar. It is not a scientific model of Competence but a scientistic description of Performance (teleological corpora). The scientistic décor is thus an eristic stratagem to hide arbitrary interpretation. The discussion is empirically substantiated by analyzing the notion of (...)
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  5. Emmon Bach, An Extension of Classical Transformational Grammar.score: 152.0
    0. Introductory remarks. I assume that every serious theory of language must give some explicit account of the relationship between expressions in the language described and expressions in some interpreted language which spells out the semantics of the language.1 Let's call this relationship the translation relation. Theories differ as to how this relation is specified. In the Aspects theory of syntax, taken together with a Katz-Postal view of "semantic rules" (Chomsky 1965; Katz and Postal, 1964), it was assumed that (...)
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  6. William G. Lycan (1970). Transformational Grammar and the Russell-Strawson Dispute. Metaphilosophy 1 (4):335–337.score: 150.0
  7. Erik Stenius (1973). Syntax of Symbolic Logic and Transformational Grammar. Synthese 26 (1):57 - 80.score: 150.0
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  8. J. W. Swanson (1969). An Unresolved Problem in Transformational Grammar. Journal of Philosophy 66 (5):124-131.score: 150.0
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  9. Hubert G. Alexander (1971). Transformational Grammar and Aristotelian Logic. Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 2 (1/2):57-64.score: 150.0
  10. James D. McCawley (forthcoming). Concerning the Base Component of a Transformational Grammar. Foundations of Language.score: 150.0
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  11. Bruce Fraser (forthcoming). Idioms Within a Transformational Grammar. Foundations of Language.score: 150.0
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  12. R. Berwick (1985). The Psychological Relevance of Transformational Grammar: A Reply to Stabler. Cognition 19 (2):193-204.score: 150.0
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  13. R. A. Hudson (1976). Lexical Insertion in a Transformational Grammar. Foundations of Language 14 (1):89-107.score: 150.0
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  14. Barbara Partee (1973). Some Transformational Extensions of Montague Grammar. Journal of Philosophical Logic 2 (4):509 - 534.score: 120.0
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  15. Jane Singleton (1974). The Explanatory Power of Chomsky's Transformational Generative Grammar. Mind 83 (331):429-431.score: 120.0
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  16. Earl R. MacCormac (1970). A New Programme for Religious Language: The Transformational Generative Grammar. Religious Studies 6 (1):41 - 55.score: 120.0
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  17. S. -Y. Kuroda (forthcoming). Anton Marty and the Transformational Theory of Grammar. Foundations of Language.score: 120.0
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  18. David Gil (1983). Intuitionism, Transformational Generative Grammar and Mental Acts. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 14 (3):231-254.score: 120.0
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  19. David D. Thomas (1969). Review Of: English Grammar: A Combined Tagmemic and Transformational Approach, by Nguyễn Ðăng Liêm. [REVIEW] Foundations of Language 5:584-85.score: 120.0
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  20. Theo Janssen, Gerard Kok & Lambert Meertens (1977). On Restrictions on Transformational Grammars Reducing the Generative Power. Linguistics and Philosophy 1 (1):111 - 118.score: 100.0
    Various restrictions on transformational grammars have been investigated in order to reduce their generative power from recursively enumerable languages to recursive languages.It will be shown that any restriction on transformational grammars defining a recursively enumerable subset of the set of all transformational grammars, is either too weak (in the sense that there does not exist a general decision procedure for all languages generated under such a restriction) or too strong (in the sense that there exists a recursive (...)
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  21. Michael Devitt (1989). Linguistics: What's Wrong with 'the Right View'. Philosophical Perspectives 3:497-531.score: 60.0
  22. B. Elan Dresher & Norbert Hornstein (1976). On Some Supposed Contributions of Artificial Intelligence to the Scientific Study of Language. Cognition 4 (December):321-398.score: 60.0
  23. Jason Eisner (2002). Discovering Syntactic Deep Structure Via Bayesian Statistics. Cognitive Science 26 (3):255-268.score: 60.0
  24. Henry Hamburger & Kenneth N. Wexler (1973). Identifiability of a Class of Transformational Grammars. In. In Jaakko Hintikka (ed.), Approaches to Natural Language. D. Reidel Publishing. 153--166.score: 60.0
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  25. H. Hamburger & K. Wexler (1973). Identifiability of Transformational Grammars. In Jaakko Hintikka (ed.), Approaches to Natural Language. D. Reidel Publishing.score: 60.0
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  26. Irene Heim & Angelika Kratzer (1998). Semantics in Generative Grammar. Blackwell.score: 56.0
    Written by two of the leading figures in the field, this is a lucid and systematic introduction to semantics as applied to transformational grammars of the ...
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  27. Emmon W. Bach, Discontinous Constituents in Generalized Categorial Grammar.score: 54.0
    [1]. Recently renewed interest in non transformational approaches to syntax [2] suggests that it might be well to take another look at categorial grammars, since they seem to have been neglected largely because they had been shown to be equivalent to context free phrase structure grammars in weak generative capacity and it was believed that such grammars were incapable of describing natural languages in a natural way. It is my purpose here to sketch a theory of grammar which (...)
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  28. Shimon Edelman (2003). Generative Grammar with a Human Face? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):675-676.score: 54.0
    The theoretical debate in linguistics during the past half-century bears an uncanny parallel to the politics of the (now defunct) Communist Bloc. The parallels are not so much in the revolutionary nature of Chomsky's ideas as in the Bolshevik manner of his takeover of linguistics (Koerner 1994) and in the Trotskyist (“permanent revolution”) flavor of the subsequent development of the doctrine of Transformational Generative Grammar (TGG) (Townsend & Bever 2001, pp. 37–40). By those standards, Jackendoff is quite a (...)
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  29. A. Schaerlaekens (1972). A Generative Transformational Model for Child Language Acquisition: A Discussion of L. Bloom, Language Development: Form and Function in Emerging Grammars. Cognition 2 (3):371-376.score: 50.0
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  30. R. Hudson (1976). Grammar Without Transformations. Diogenes 24 (96):93-108.score: 50.0
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  31. Marcus Kracht (2002). Referent Systems and Relational Grammar. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 11 (2):251-286.score: 38.0
    Relational Grammar (RG) was introduced in the 1970s as a theory of grammatical relations and relation change, for example, passivization, dative shift, and raising. Furthermore, the idea behind RG was that transformations as originally designed in generative grammar were unable to capture the common kernel of, e.g., passivization across languages. The researchconducted within RG has uncovered a wealth of phenomena for which it could produce a satisfactory analysis. Although the theory of Government and Binding has answered some of (...)
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  32. Elisabet Engdahl (1982). A Note on the Use of Lamda Conversion in Generalized Phrase Structure Grammars. Linguistics and Philosophy 4 (4):505 - 515.score: 34.0
    The restrictive grammatical format suggested in GPSG provides an extremely interesting alternative to transformational approaches to grammar. However, we have seen that the way the grammar is currently organized, it will in certain cases fail to give the correct interpretation to sentences with displaced constituents. Whenever a left or rightward displaced constituent contains an element that can stand in an anaphoric relation with some other element in the sentence, i.e. contains a quantifier or a pronoun, the semantic (...)
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  33. Susan Dwyer, Bryce Huebner & Marc D. Hauser (2010). The Linguistic Analogy: Motivations, Results, and Speculations. Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (3):486-510.score: 30.0
    Inspired by the success of generative linguistics and transformational grammar, proponents of the linguistic analogy (LA) in moral psychology hypothesize that careful attention to folk-moral judgments is likely to reveal a small set of implicit rules and structures responsible for the ubiquitous and apparently unbounded capacity for making moral judgments. As a theoretical hypothesis, LA thus requires a rich description of the computational structures that underlie mature moral judgments, an account of the acquisition and development of these structures, (...)
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  34. Robin Cooper, Is English Really a Formal Language?score: 30.0
    • languages as sets of strings and early transformational grammar • interpreted languages as sets of string-meaning pairs • Montague in ‘Universal Grammar’: There is in my opinion no important theoretical difference between natural languages and the artificial languages of logicians; indeed I consider it possible to comprehend the syntax and semantics of both kinds of languages within a single natural and mathematically precise theory.
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  35. Barbara Abbott, Reference and Quantification: The Partee Effect.score: 30.0
    Partee (1973) discussed quotation from the perspective of the then relatively new theory of transformational grammar.2 As she pointed out, the phenomenon presents many curious puzzles. In some ways quotes seem quite separate from their surrounding text; they may be in a different dialect, as in her example in (1), (1) ‘I talk better English than the both of youse!’ shouted Charles, thereby convincing me that he didn’t. [Partee (1973):ex. 20] or even in a different language, as in (...)
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  36. Robert May, Introduction to Syntax.score: 30.0
    Syntax, in its most general sense, is the study of the structure of sentences in natural language. In this course, we will approach syntax from the perspective of generative transformational grammar, as pioneered through the work of Noam Chomsky, and developed over the past four decades. Our goals are three-fold. First, to understand the nature of language as viewed from the structural perspective, and to understand the sort of insight about language this perspective affords. Second, to understand the (...)
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  37. Fabrizio Desideri (2013). Grammar and Aesthetic Mechanismus. From Wittgenstein's Tractatus to the Lectures on Aesthetics. Aisthesis. Pratiche, Linguaggi E Saperi Dell’Estetico 6 (1):17-34.score: 30.0
    This paper takes distances from two influential images of Wittgenstein's philosophy: the image of a primarily ethical philosopher defended by the so-called «resolute» interpreters and that of an ascetically "analytical" philosopher transmitted by the standard interpretation. Instead of contrasting images (that of Wittgenstein as an "aesthetic" philosopher and that of the "ethical" Wittgenstein), this paper focuses on the analysis of the fractures and tensions characterizing not only the relationship between Wittgenstein's philosophy and aesthetics, but also the very style of Wittgenstein's (...)
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  38. Marcus Kracht (2001). Syntax in Chains. Linguistics and Philosophy 24 (4):467-530.score: 30.0
    In transformational grammar the notion of a chain has been central ever since its introduction in the early 80's. However, an insightful theory of chains has hitherto been missing. This paper develops such a theory of chains. Though it is applicable to virtually all chains, we shall focus on movement-induced chains. It will become apparent that chains are far from innocuous. A proper formulation of the structures and algorithms involved is quite a demanding task. Furthermore, we shall show (...)
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  39. F. Jeffry Pelletier (1975). Non-Singular Reference: Some Preliminaries. Philosophia 5 (4):451-465.score: 30.0
    One of the goals of a certain brand of philosopher has been to give an account of language and linguistic phenomena by means of showing how sentences are to be translated into a "logically perspicuous notation" (or an "ideal language"—to use passe terminology). The usual reason given by such philosophers for this activity is that such a notational system will somehow illustrate the "logical form" of these sentences. There are many candidates for this notational system: (almost) ordinary first-order predicate logic (...)
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  40. James W. Haefner (1980). Two Metaphors of the Niche. Synthese 43 (1):123 - 153.score: 30.0
    In summary, many extant definitions of the niche concept are based on the geometric metaphor which represents the niche as an object embedded in a geometric space. There are several difficulties with this approach; the activities of organisms are not fully described, certain attributes of the functional aspect of the niche are not represented, the life cycles of organisms are not described, and the heuristic value of the concept diminishes with increasing dimensionality.An alternative and complementary approach to the niche is (...)
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  41. Terence Parsons (forthcoming). An Analysis of Mass Terms and Amount Terms. Foundations of Language.score: 30.0
    Methods of representing sentences containing mass terms (e.g. "gold") and amount terms (e.g. "three gallons") within the predicate calculus are given, and the semantics of the resulting sentences is discussed. the appendix sketches a way to systematically translate english sentences into the logical notation, exploiting some results of transformational grammar.
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  42. Stephen Prince (1989). Politics and the Linguistic Sign: Vološinov's Philosophy of Language. Critical Review 3 (3-4):568-578.score: 30.0
    MARXISM AND THE PHILOSOPHY, OF LANGUAGE By V.N. Volo?inov translated by Ladislav Matejka & I.R. Titunik Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1986. 205 pp., $9.95 (paper) The contributions of Volo?inov's theories of language are assessed and are contrasted to traditional Marxist philosophy, Saussurean linguistics and more recent developments in transformational grammar and sociolinguistics. Studying connections between language and politics in the 1920s, Volosinov explored the ways social reality enters verbal signs and their usage, (...)
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  43. Edward P. Stabler & Edward L. Keenan, Stmctural Similarity Within and Among Languages.score: 30.0
    Linguists rely on intuitive conceptions of structure when comparing expressions and languages. In an algebraic presentation of a language, some natural notions of similarity can be rigorously defined (e.g. among elements of a language, equivalence w.r.t. isomorphisms of the language; and among languages, equivalence w.r.t. isomorphisms of symmetry groups), but it tums out that slightly more complex and nonstandard notions are needed to capture the kinds of comparisons linguists want to make. This paper identihes some of the important notions of (...)
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  44. Stephen Crain & Paul M. Pietroski (2001). Nature, Nurture, and Universal Grammar. Linguistics And Philosophy 24 (2):139-186.score: 24.0
    In just a few years, children achieve a stable state of linguistic competence, making them effectively adults with respect to: understanding novel sentences, discerning relations of paraphrase and entailment, acceptability judgments, etc. One familiar account of the language acquisition process treats it as an induction problem of the sort that arises in any domain where the knowledge achieved is logically underdetermined by experience. This view highlights the cues that are available in the input to children, as well as childrens skills (...)
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  45. Hans-Johann Glock (2009). Concepts, Conceptual Schemes and Grammar. Philosophia 37 (4):653-668.score: 24.0
    This paper considers the connection between concepts, conceptual schemes and grammar in Wittgenstein’s last writings. It lists eight claims about concepts that one can garner from these writings. It then focuses on one of them, namely that there is an important difference between conceptual and factual problems and investigations. That claim draws in its wake other claims, all of them revolving around the idea of a conceptual scheme, what Wittgenstein calls a ‘grammar’. I explain why Wittgenstein’s account does (...)
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  46. Wojciech Krysztofiak (2012). The Grammar of Philosophical Discourse. Semiotica 188 (1/4):295-322.score: 24.0
    In this paper, a formal theory is presented that describes syntactic and semantic mechanisms of philosophical discourses. They are treated as peculiar language systems possessing deep derivational structures called architectonic forms of philosophical systems, encoded in philosophical mind. Architectonic forms are constituents of more complex structures called architectonic spaces of philosophy. They are understood as formal and algorithmic representations of various philosophical traditions. The formal derivational machinery of a given space determines its class of all possible architectonic forms. Some of (...)
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  47. Noam Chomsky (1965). Aspects of the Theory of Syntax. The Mit Press.score: 24.0
    Chomsky proposes a reformulation of the theory of transformational generative grammar that takes recent developments in the descriptive analysis of particular ...
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  48. Ken W. Parry & Sarah B. Proctor-Thomson (2002). Perceived Integrity of Transformational Leaders in Organisational Settings. Journal of Business Ethics 35 (2):75 - 96.score: 24.0
    The ethical nature of transformational leadership has been hotly debated. This debate is demonstrated in the range of descriptors that have been used to label transformational leaders including narcissistic, manipulative, and self-centred, but also ethical, just and effective. Therefore, the purpose of the present research was to address this issue directly by assessing the statistical relationship between perceived leader integrity and transformational leadership using the Perceived Leader Integrity Scale (PLIS) and the Multi-Factor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ). In a (...)
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  49. Julian Barling, Amy Christie & Nick Turner (2008). Pseudo-Transformational Leadership: Towards the Development and Test of a Model. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 81 (4):851 - 861.score: 24.0
    We develop and test a model of pseudo-transformational leadership. Pseudo-transformational leadership (i.e., the unethical facet of transformational leadership) is manifested by a particular combination of transformational leadership behaviors (i.e., low idealized influence and high inspirational motivation), and is differentiated from both transformational leadership (i.e., high idealized influence and high inspirational motivation) and laissez-faire (non)-leadership (i.e., low idealized influence and low inspirational motivation). Survey data from senior managers (N = 611) show differential outcomes of (...), pseudo-transformational, and laissez-faire leadership. Possible extensions of the theoretical model and directions for future research are offered. (shrink)
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  50. Ray Jackendoff (2003). Précis of Foundations of Language: Brain, Meaning, Grammar, Evolution,. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):651-665.score: 24.0
    The goal of this study is to reintegrate the theory of generative grammar into the cognitive sciences. Generative grammar was right to focus on the child's acquisition of language as its central problem, leading to the hypothesis of an innate Universal Grammar. However, generative grammar was mistaken in assuming that the syntactic component is the sole course of combinatoriality, and that everything else is “interpretive.” The proper approach is a parallel architecture, in which phonology, syntax, and (...)
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