Search results for 'Transformational Grammar' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. In Transformational (1983). New Directions in Transformational Grammar. In Alex Orenstein & Rafael Stern (eds.), Developments in Semantics. Haven. 2--297.score: 480.0
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  2. Transformational Grammar (forthcoming). James D. McCawley. Foundations of Language.score: 120.0
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  3. Transformational Grammar (1972). Sep 2972-10 Am. Foundations of Language 8:310.score: 120.0
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  4. Malgorzata Haladewicz-Grzelak (2008). An Epistemological Study of Chomsky's Transformational Grammar. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 38 (2):211-246.score: 57.0
    The article traces interpretative mechanisms hidden in Chomsky's Transformational Model. The framework is that of epistemological criticism, investigating the intertwining of interpretation, context and intuition. My hypothesis is that the Transformational Model is an example of a quasi-axiomatic, intuition-based grammar. It is not a scientific model of Competence but a scientistic description of Performance (teleological corpora). The scientistic décor is thus an eristic stratagem to hide arbitrary interpretation. The discussion is empirically substantiated by analyzing the notion of (...)
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  5. Emmon Bach, An Extension of Classical Transformational Grammar.score: 46.0
    0. Introductory remarks. I assume that every serious theory of language must give some explicit account of the relationship between expressions in the language described and expressions in some interpreted language which spells out the semantics of the language.1 Let's call this relationship the translation relation. Theories differ as to how this relation is specified. In the Aspects theory of syntax, taken together with a Katz-Postal view of "semantic rules" (Chomsky 1965; Katz and Postal, 1964), it was assumed that (...)
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  6. William G. Lycan (1970). Transformational Grammar and the Russell-Strawson Dispute. Metaphilosophy 1 (4):335–337.score: 45.0
  7. Erik Stenius (1973). Syntax of Symbolic Logic and Transformational Grammar. Synthese 26 (1):57 - 80.score: 45.0
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  8. J. W. Swanson (1969). An Unresolved Problem in Transformational Grammar. Journal of Philosophy 66 (5):124-131.score: 45.0
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  9. Hubert G. Alexander (1971). Transformational Grammar and Aristotelian Logic. Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 2 (1/2):57-64.score: 45.0
  10. James D. McCawley (forthcoming). Concerning the Base Component of a Transformational Grammar. Foundations of Language.score: 45.0
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  11. Bruce Fraser (forthcoming). Idioms Within a Transformational Grammar. Foundations of Language.score: 45.0
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  12. R. Berwick (1985). The Psychological Relevance of Transformational Grammar: A Reply to Stabler. Cognition 19 (2):193-204.score: 45.0
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  13. R. A. Hudson (1976). Lexical Insertion in a Transformational Grammar. Foundations of Language 14 (1):89-107.score: 45.0
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  14. Barbara Partee (1973). Some Transformational Extensions of Montague Grammar. Journal of Philosophical Logic 2 (4):509 - 534.score: 36.0
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  15. Jane Singleton (1974). The Explanatory Power of Chomsky's Transformational Generative Grammar. Mind 83 (331):429-431.score: 36.0
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  16. Earl R. MacCormac (1970). A New Programme for Religious Language: The Transformational Generative Grammar. Religious Studies 6 (1):41 - 55.score: 36.0
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  17. Theo Janssen, Gerard Kok & Lambert Meertens (1977). On Restrictions on Transformational Grammars Reducing the Generative Power. Linguistics and Philosophy 1 (1):111 - 118.score: 36.0
    Various restrictions on transformational grammars have been investigated in order to reduce their generative power from recursively enumerable languages to recursive languages.It will be shown that any restriction on transformational grammars defining a recursively enumerable subset of the set of all transformational grammars, is either too weak (in the sense that there does not exist a general decision procedure for all languages generated under such a restriction) or too strong (in the sense that there exists a recursive (...)
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  18. S. -Y. Kuroda (forthcoming). Anton Marty and the Transformational Theory of Grammar. Foundations of Language.score: 36.0
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  19. David Gil (1983). Intuitionism, Transformational Generative Grammar and Mental Acts. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 14 (3):231-254.score: 36.0
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  20. David D. Thomas (1969). Review Of: English Grammar: A Combined Tagmemic and Transformational Approach, by Nguyễn Ðăng Liêm. [REVIEW] Foundations of Language 5:584-85.score: 36.0
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  21. Michael Devitt (1989). Linguistics: What's Wrong with 'the Right View'. Philosophical Perspectives 3:497-531.score: 30.0
  22. B. Elan Dresher & Norbert Hornstein (1976). On Some Supposed Contributions of Artificial Intelligence to the Scientific Study of Language. Cognition 4 (December):321-398.score: 30.0
  23. Jason Eisner (2002). Discovering Syntactic Deep Structure Via Bayesian Statistics. Cognitive Science 26 (3):255-268.score: 30.0
  24. Irene Heim & Angelika Kratzer (1998). Semantics in Generative Grammar. Blackwell.score: 22.0
    Written by two of the leading figures in the field, this is a lucid and systematic introduction to semantics as applied to transformational grammars of the ...
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  25. Emmon W. Bach, Discontinous Constituents in Generalized Categorial Grammar.score: 21.0
    [1]. Recently renewed interest in non transformational approaches to syntax [2] suggests that it might be well to take another look at categorial grammars, since they seem to have been neglected largely because they had been shown to be equivalent to context free phrase structure grammars in weak generative capacity and it was believed that such grammars were incapable of describing natural languages in a natural way. It is my purpose here to sketch a theory of grammar which (...)
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  26. Shimon Edelman (2003). Generative Grammar with a Human Face? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):675-676.score: 21.0
    The theoretical debate in linguistics during the past half-century bears an uncanny parallel to the politics of the (now defunct) Communist Bloc. The parallels are not so much in the revolutionary nature of Chomsky's ideas as in the Bolshevik manner of his takeover of linguistics (Koerner 1994) and in the Trotskyist (“permanent revolution”) flavor of the subsequent development of the doctrine of Transformational Generative Grammar (TGG) (Townsend & Bever 2001, pp. 37–40). By those standards, Jackendoff is quite a (...)
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  27. Marcus Kracht (2002). Referent Systems and Relational Grammar. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 11 (2):251-286.score: 21.0
    Relational Grammar (RG) was introduced in the 1970s as a theory of grammatical relations and relation change, for example, passivization, dative shift, and raising. Furthermore, the idea behind RG was that transformations as originally designed in generative grammar were unable to capture the common kernel of, e.g., passivization across languages. The researchconducted within RG has uncovered a wealth of phenomena for which it could produce a satisfactory analysis. Although the theory of Government and Binding has answered some of (...)
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  28. Stephen Crain & Paul M. Pietroski (2001). Nature, Nurture, and Universal Grammar. Linguistics And Philosophy 24 (2):139-186.score: 18.0
    In just a few years, children achieve a stable state of linguistic competence, making them effectively adults with respect to: understanding novel sentences, discerning relations of paraphrase and entailment, acceptability judgments, etc. One familiar account of the language acquisition process treats it as an induction problem of the sort that arises in any domain where the knowledge achieved is logically underdetermined by experience. This view highlights the cues that are available in the input to children, as well as childrens skills (...)
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  29. Hans-Johann Glock (2009). Concepts, Conceptual Schemes and Grammar. Philosophia 37 (4):653-668.score: 18.0
    This paper considers the connection between concepts, conceptual schemes and grammar in Wittgenstein’s last writings. It lists eight claims about concepts that one can garner from these writings. It then focuses on one of them, namely that there is an important difference between conceptual and factual problems and investigations. That claim draws in its wake other claims, all of them revolving around the idea of a conceptual scheme, what Wittgenstein calls a ‘grammar’. I explain why Wittgenstein’s account does (...)
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  30. Ken W. Parry & Sarah B. Proctor-Thomson (2002). Perceived Integrity of Transformational Leaders in Organisational Settings. Journal of Business Ethics 35 (2):75 - 96.score: 18.0
    The ethical nature of transformational leadership has been hotly debated. This debate is demonstrated in the range of descriptors that have been used to label transformational leaders including narcissistic, manipulative, and self-centred, but also ethical, just and effective. Therefore, the purpose of the present research was to address this issue directly by assessing the statistical relationship between perceived leader integrity and transformational leadership using the Perceived Leader Integrity Scale (PLIS) and the Multi-Factor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ). In a (...)
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  31. Julian Barling, Amy Christie & Nick Turner (2008). Pseudo-Transformational Leadership: Towards the Development and Test of a Model. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 81 (4):851 - 861.score: 18.0
    We develop and test a model of pseudo-transformational leadership. Pseudo-transformational leadership (i.e., the unethical facet of transformational leadership) is manifested by a particular combination of transformational leadership behaviors (i.e., low idealized influence and high inspirational motivation), and is differentiated from both transformational leadership (i.e., high idealized influence and high inspirational motivation) and laissez-faire (non)-leadership (i.e., low idealized influence and low inspirational motivation). Survey data from senior managers (N = 611) show differential outcomes of (...), pseudo-transformational, and laissez-faire leadership. Possible extensions of the theoretical model and directions for future research are offered. (shrink)
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  32. Ray Jackendoff (2003). Précis of Foundations of Language: Brain, Meaning, Grammar, Evolution,. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):651-665.score: 18.0
    The goal of this study is to reintegrate the theory of generative grammar into the cognitive sciences. Generative grammar was right to focus on the child's acquisition of language as its central problem, leading to the hypothesis of an innate Universal Grammar. However, generative grammar was mistaken in assuming that the syntactic component is the sole course of combinatoriality, and that everything else is “interpretive.” The proper approach is a parallel architecture, in which phonology, syntax, and (...)
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  33. Michael Moortgat (2009). Symmetric Categorial Grammar. Journal of Philosophical Logic 38 (6):681 - 710.score: 18.0
    The Lambek-Grishin calculus is a symmetric version of categorial grammar obtained by augmenting the standard inventory of type-forming operations (product and residual left and right division) with a dual family: coproduct, left and right difference. Interaction between these two families is provided by distributivity laws. These distributivity laws have pleasant invariance properties: stability of interpretations for the Curry-Howard derivational semantics, and structure-preservation at the syntactic end. The move to symmetry thus offers novel ways of reconciling the demands of natural (...)
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  34. P. F. Strawson (2004). Subject and Predicate in Logic and Grammar. Ashgate.score: 18.0
    P.F. Strawson's essay traces some formal characteristics of logic and grammar to their roots in general features of thought and experience.
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  35. Kevin S. Groves & Michael A. LaRocca (2011). An Empirical Study of Leader Ethical Values, Transformational and Transactional Leadership, and Follower Attitudes Toward Corporate Social Responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics 103 (4):511-528.score: 18.0
    Several leadership and ethics scholars suggest that the transformational leadership process is predicated on a divergent set of ethical values compared to transactional leadership. Theoretical accounts declare that deontological ethics should be associated with transformational leadership while transactional leadership is likely related to teleological ethics. However, very little empirical research supports these claims. Furthermore, despite calls for increasing attention as to how leaders influence their followers’ perceptions of the importance of ethics and corporate social responsibility (CSR) for organizational (...)
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  36. Denis Bouchard (1995). The Semantics of Syntax: A Minimalist Approach to Grammar. University of Chicago Press.score: 18.0
    During the last thirty years, most linguists and philosophers have assumed that meaning can be represented symbolically and that the mental processing of language involves the manipulation of symbols. Scholars have assembled strong evidence that there must be linguistic representations at several abstract levels--phonological, syntactic, and semantic--and that those representations are related by a describable system of rules. Because meaning is so complex, linguists often posit an equally complex relationship between semantic and other levels of grammar. The Semantics of (...)
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  37. Joachim Lambek (2012). Logic and Grammar. Studia Logica 100 (4):667-681.score: 18.0
    Grammar can be formulated as a kind of substructural propositional logic. In support of this claim, we survey bare Gentzen style deductive systems and two kinds of non-commutative linear logic: intuitionistic and compact bilinear logic. We also glance at their categorical refinements.
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  38. Otto Jespersen (1965). The Philosophy of Grammar. New York, Norton.score: 18.0
    " It is the connected presentation of Jespersen's views of the general principles of grammar based on years of studying various languages through both direct ...
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  39. Anselm K. Min (2008). D. Z. Phillips on the Grammar of "God". International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 63 (1/3):131 - 146.score: 18.0
    In this essay dedicated to the memory of D. Z. Phillips, I propose to do two things. In the first part I present his position on the grammar of God and the language game in some detail, discussing the confusion of "subliming" the logic of our language, the contextual genesis of sense and meaning, the idea of a world view, language game, logic, and grammar internal to each context, the constitution of the religious context, and the grammar (...)
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  40. Humphrey P. Polanen Van Petel (2006). Universal Grammar as a Theory of Notation. Axiomathes 16 (4):460-485.score: 18.0
    What is common to all languages is notation, so Universal Grammar can be understood as a system of notational types. Given that infants acquire language, it can be assumed to arise from some a priori mental structure. Viewing language as having the two layers of calculus and protocol, we can set aside the communicative habits of speakers. Accordingly, an analysis of notation results in the three types of Identifier, Modifier and Connective. Modifiers are further interpreted as Quantifiers and Qualifiers. (...)
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  41. Nissim Francez & Mark Steedman (2006). Categorial Grammar and the Semantics of Contextual Prepositional Phrases. Linguistics and Philosophy 29 (4):381 - 417.score: 18.0
    The paper proposes a semantics for contextual (i.e., Temporal and Locative) Prepositional Phrases (CPPs) like during every meeting, in the garden, when Harry met Sally and where I’m calling from. The semantics is embodied in a multi-modal extension of Combinatory Categoral Grammar (CCG). The grammar allows the strictly monotonic compositional derivation of multiple correct interpretations for “stacked” or multiple CPPs, including interpretations whose scope relations are not what would be expected on standard assumptions about surfacesyntactic command and monotonic (...)
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  42. Eva Koktova (1999). Word-Order Based Grammar. Mouton De Gruyter.score: 18.0
    In this book, a new theory of grammar based on word order is proposed: a deep word order as the multipartioned communicative-information structure of the ...
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  43. Richard Gaskin (ed.) (2001). Grammar in Early Twentieth-Century Philosophy. Routledge.score: 18.0
    In this book, ten essays examine the contributions made to the issue of the philosophical significance of grammar by Frege, Russell, Bradley, Husserl, Wittgenstein, Carnap and Heidegger.
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  44. M. Dolores Jiménez López (2006). A Grammar Systems Approach to Natural Language Grammar. Linguistics and Philosophy 29 (4):419 - 454.score: 18.0
    Taking as its starting point significant similarities between a formal language model—Grammar Systems—and a grammatical theory—Autolexical Syntax—in this paper we suggest the application of the former to the topic of the latter. To show the applicability of Grammar Systems Theory to grammatical description, we introduce a formal-language-theoretic framework for the architecture of natural language grammar: Linguistic Grammar Systems. We prove the adequacy of this model by highlighting its features (modularity, parallelism, interaction) and by showing the similarity (...)
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  45. Guy Dove (2012). Grammar as a Developmental Phenomenon. Biology and Philosophy 27 (5):615-637.score: 18.0
    More and more researchers are examining grammar acquisition from theoretical perspectives that treat it as an emergent phenomenon. In this essay, I argue that a robustly developmental perspective provides a potential explanation for some of the well-known crosslinguistic features of early child language: the process of acquisition is shaped in part by the developmental constraints embodied in von Baer’s law of development. An established model of development, the Developmental Lock, captures and elucidates the probabilistic generalizations at the heart of (...)
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  46. Jan E. M. Houben (2008). Bhaṭṭoji Dīkṣita's “Small Step” for a Grammarian and “Giant Leap” for Sanskrit Grammar. Journal of Indian Philosophy 36 (5-6):563-574.score: 18.0
    This paper is devoted to theoretical and methodical considerations on our study and understanding of macroscopic transitions in the world of Sanskrit intellectuals from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century (cf. Pollock, Indian Economic and Social History Review 38(1):3–31, 2001). It is argued that compared to his immediate predecessors Bhaṭṭoji Dīkṣita’s contribution to Prakriyā grammars was modest. It was to a large extent on account of changed circumstances—over the centuries mainly a slow but steady decline—in the position of Sanskrit and (...)
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  47. Kevin S. Groves & Michael A. LaRocca (2011). Responsible Leadership Outcomes Via Stakeholder CSR Values: Testing a Values-Centered Model of Transformational Leadership. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 98 (S1):37-55.score: 18.0
    A values-centered leadership model comprised of leader stakeholder and economic values, follower values congruence, and responsible leadership outcomes was tested using data from 122 organizational leaders and 458 of their direct reports. Alleviating same-source bias concerns in leadership survey research, follower ratings of leadership style and follower ratings of values congruence and responsible leadership outcomes were collected from separate sources via the split-sample methodology. Results of structural equation modeling analyses demonstrated that leader stakeholder values predicted transformational leadership, whereas leader (...)
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  48. G. David Morley (2000). Syntax in Functional Grammar: An Introduction to Lexicogrammar in Systemic Linguistics. Continuum.score: 18.0
    This well-illustrated book outlines a framework for the analysis of syntactic structure from a perspective of a systematic functional grammar.
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  49. Carlos Areces & Raffaella Bernardi (2004). Analyzing the Core of Categorial Grammar. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 13 (2):121-137.score: 18.0
    Even though residuation is at the core of Categorial Grammar (Lambek, 1958), it is not always immediate to realize how standard logical systems like Multi-modal Categorial Type Logics (MCTL) (Moortgat, 1997) actually embody this property. In this paper, we focus on the basic system NL (Lambek, 1961) and its extension with unary modalities NL() (Moortgat, 1996), and we spell things out by means of Display Calculi (DC) (Belnap, 1982; Goré, 1998). The use of structural operators in DC permits a (...)
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  50. Stephan Kornmesser (2014). Scientific Revolutions Without Paradigm-Replacement and the Coexistence of Competing Paradigms: The Case of Generative Grammar and Construction Grammar. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science 45 (1):91-118.score: 18.0
    In the Kuhnian and Post-Kuhnian Philosophy of Science, it is widely accepted that scientific revolutions always involve the replacement of an old paradigm by a new paradigm. This article attempts to refute this assumption by showing that there are paradigm-constellations that conform to the relation of a scientific revolution in a Kuhnian sense without a paradigm-replacement occurring. The paradigms investigated here are the linguistic paradigms of Generative Grammar and Construction Grammar that, contrary to Kuhn’s conception of a sequence (...)
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