Search results for 'Truth in literature' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Peter Lamarque (1994). Truth, Fiction, and Literature: A Philosophical Perspective. Oxford University Press.score: 369.0
    This book examines the complex and varied ways in which fictions relate to the real world, and offers a precise account of how imaginative works of literature can use fictional content to explore matters of universal human interest. While rejecting the traditional view that literature is important for the truths that it imparts, the authors also reject attempts to cut literature off altogether from real human concerns. Their detailed account of fictionality, mimesis, and cognitive value, founded on (...)
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  2. Anthony G. Tuckett (2004). Truth-Telling in Clinical Practice and the Arguments for and Against: A Review of the Literature. [REVIEW] Nursing Ethics 11 (5):500-513.score: 342.0
    In general, most, but not necessarily all, patients want truthfulness about their health. Available evidence indicates that truth-telling practices and preferences are, to an extent, a cultural artefact. It is the case that practices among nurses and doctors have moved towards more honest and truthful disclosure to their patients. It is interesting that arguments both for and against truth-telling are established in terms of autonomy and physical and psychological harm. In the literature reviewed here, there is also (...)
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  3. Emilia Anvarovna Taissina (2008). Philosophical Truth in Mathematical Terms and Literature Analogies. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 53:273-278.score: 297.0
    The article is based upon the following starting position. In this post-modern time, it seems that no scholar in Europe supports what is called “Enlightenment Project” with its naïve objectivism and Correspondence Theory of Truth1, - though not being really hostile, just strongly skeptical about it. No old-fasioned “classical” academical texts; only His Majesty Discourse as chain of interpretations and reinterpretations. What was called objectivity “proved to be” intersubjectivity; what was called Object (in Latin and German and Russian tradition) now (...)
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  4. Mehmet Karabela (2011). Beşir Fuad and His Opponents: The Form of a Debate Over Literature and Truth in Nineteenth-Century Istanbul. Journal of Turkish Literature 8 (1):96-106.score: 297.0
    One and a half months after Victor Hugo died in 1885, Beşir Fuad (d.1887) published a biography of him, in which Fuad defended Emile Zola’s naturalism and realism against Hugo’s romanticism. This resulted in the most important dispute in nineteenth-century Turkish literary history, the hakikiyyûn (realists) and hayâliyyûn (romantics) debate, with the former represented by Beşir Fuad and the latter represented by Menemenlizâde Mehmet Tahir (d.1903). This article focuses on the form of this debate rather than its content, and this (...)
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  5. Íngrid Vendrell Ferran (2009). Emotion, Reason and Truth in Literature. Universitas Philosophica 52:19-52.score: 279.0
    n this essay I want to offer an analysis of the structure of the fictional emotions that we have reading novels. I shall start with a presentation of the structure of emotions in general and their relation to aesthetic fiction. Afterwards, I shall offer a critical review of the current positions on fictional emotions. The aim of this section is to question the presuppositions that dominate the current debate on fictional emotions in particular and on emotions in general. Finally, I (...)
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  6. Catherine Osborne (2007/2009). Dumb Beasts and Dead Philosophers: Humanity and the Humane in Ancient Philosophy and Literature. Oxford University Press.score: 273.0
    The book is about three things. First, how Ancient thinkers perceived humans as like or unlike other animals; second about the justification for taking a humane attitude towards natural things; and third about how moral claims count as true, and how they can be discovered or acquired. Was Aristotle was right to see continuity in the psychological functions of animal and human souls? The question cannot be settled without taking a moral stance. As we can either focus on continuity or (...)
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  7. Birgit Linder (2011). Trauma and Truth: Representations of Madness in Chinese Literature. Journal of Medical Humanities 32 (4):291-303.score: 270.0
    With only a few exceptions, the literary theme of madness has long been a domain of Western cultural studies. Much of Western writing represents madness as an inquiry into the deepest recesses of the mind, while the comparatively scarce Chinese tradition is generally defined by madness as a voice of social truth. This paper looks at five works of twentieth-century Chinese fiction that draw on socio-somatic aspects of madness to reflect upon social truths, suggesting that the inner voice of (...)
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  8. Ingrid Vendrell Ferran (2009). Emotion, Reason and Truth in Literature. Universitas Philosophica 52:19-52.score: 270.0
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  9. Shelley Purcell (1989). Truth and Lies in Literature: Essays and Reviews (Review). Philosophy and Literature 13 (2):385-387.score: 270.0
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  10. Morris Weitz (1955). Truth in Literature. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 9:1-14.score: 270.0
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  11. Jukka Mikkonen (2009). Truth-Claiming in Fiction: Towards a Poetics of Literary Assertion. Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 38 (18):34.score: 261.0
    In the contemporary analytic philosophy of literature and especially literary theory, the paradigmatic way of understanding the beliefs and attitudes expressed in works of literary narrative fiction is to attribute them to an implied author, an entity which the literary critic Wayne C. Booth introduced in his influential study The Rhetoric of Fiction. Roughly put, the implied author is an entity between the actual author and the narrator whose beliefs and attitudes cannot be appropriately ascribed to the actual author. (...)
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  12. Brian R. Clack, C. J., B. P., H. P. & C. B. (1995). Colin Falck. Myth, Truth and Literature: Towards a True Post-Modernism. (Second Edition.) Pp. Xix + 208. (Cambridge University Press, 1994.) £27.50.Luke Gormally (Ed.). Moral Truth and Moral Tradition: Essays in Honour of Peter Geach and Elizabeth Anscombe. Pp. 243. (Blackrock: Four Courts Press, 1994.) £35.00.Thomas F. Tracy, Ed. The God Who Acts. Pp. Xi + 148. (Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1994.) $28.50 Hb, $14.95 Pb.Irena S. M. Makarushka. Religious Imagination and Language in Emerson and Nietzsche. Pp. Xviii + 133. (London and Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1994.) £35.00.Weaver Santaniello. Nietzsche, God and the Jews. Pp. Xvi + 232. (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1994.) $17.95.Donald Wiebe. Beyond Legitimation: Essays on the Problem of Religious Knowledge. Pp. Xiii + 243. (London and Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1994.) £40.00. [REVIEW] Religious Studies 31 (3):413.score: 261.0
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  13. Brian R. Clack (1995). Colin Falck. Myth, Truth and Literature: Towards a True Post-Modernism. Pp. Xix+ 208.(Cambridge University Press, 1994.)£ 27.50. Luke Gormally (Ed.). Moral Truth and Moral Tradition: Essays in Honour of Peter Geach and Elizabeth Anscombe. Pp. 243.(Blackrock: Four Courts Press, 1994.)£ 35.00. Thomas F. Tracy, Ed. The God Who Acts. Pp. Xi+ 148.(Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1994.) $28.50 Hb, $14.95 Pb. Irena SM Makarushka. Religious Imagination and Language in Emerson and Nietzsche ... [REVIEW] Religious Studies 31 (3):413-416.score: 261.0
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  14. Judith Ferster (2007). Elizabeth Allen, False Fables and Exemplary Truth in Later Middle English Literature. (The New Middle Ages.) Basingstoke, Eng., and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005. Pp. Viii, 225. $65. [REVIEW] Speculum 82 (4):950-952.score: 261.0
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  15. S. Mcevenue (1994). Truth and Literature in Exodus 16. Theologie Und Philosophie 69 (4):493-510.score: 261.0
     
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  16. Ilya Kliger (2011). The Narrative Shape of Truth: Veridiction in Modern European Literature. Penn State University Press.score: 252.0
    "Draws on philosophical and novelistic texts from the Western European and Russian canons to explore a crucial moment in the epistemological history of narrative and present a nonreductive way of conjugating the histories of philosophy and ...
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  17. Thomas Leddy (1988). ME Moss, Benedetto Croce Reconsidered: Truth and Error in Theories of Art, Literature, and History Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 8 (7):273-276.score: 252.0
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  18. Barbara Graziosi (2008). Literature (R.) Bittlestone Odysseus Unbound. The Search for Homer's Ithaca. With J. Diggle and J. Underhill. Cambridge UP, 2005. Pp. Xx + 598. £25. 9780521853576. (G.) Le Noan The Ithaca of the Sunset. Essay About the Location of Ulysses' Country. (Collection 'Commentaires'). Paris: Editions Tremen, 2005. Pp. 126, Illus. €21. 9782913559448. (C.I.) Tzakos Ithaca and Homer (The Truth). The Renowned Island as Described in the Odyssey. Translated by G. Cox. Athens: Unknown Publisher, 2005. Pp. 271, Illus. 9789607103383. [REVIEW] Journal of Hellenic Studies 128:178-.score: 243.0
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  19. Geneviève Warland (1989). ME Moss, Benedetto Croce Reconsidered. Truth and Error in Theories of Art, Literature, and History. With a Foreword by Maurice Mandelbaum. [REVIEW] Revue Philosophique de Louvain 87 (76):652-655.score: 243.0
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  20. Elizabeth Fowler (2003). Richard Firth Green, A Crisis of Truth: Literature and Law in Ricardian England. (The Middle Ages Series.) Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999. Pp. Xvi, 496; Black-and-White Frontispiece and 1 Black-and-White Figure. $62.50. [REVIEW] Speculum 78 (1):179-182.score: 243.0
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  21. Sarah Kay (2008). Karen Sullivan, Truth and the Heretic: Crises of Knowledge in Medieval French Literature. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 2005. Pp. Xii, 281. $35. [REVIEW] Speculum 83 (1):244-245.score: 243.0
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  22. M. Marchetto (1987). Truth and Rationality of Religious Faith in the More Recent Anglo-American Philosophical Literature. Verifiche: Rivista Trimestrale di Scienze Umane 16 (1-2):95-146.score: 243.0
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  23. M. E. Moss (1987). Benedetto Croce Reconsidered: Truth and Error in Theories of Art, Literature, and History. University Press of New England.score: 243.0
     
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  24. Steven Nadler (1985). Probability and Truth in the Apology. Philosophy and Literature 9 (2):198-202.score: 216.0
    This article is a reply to an earlier piece by kenneth seeskin (philosophy and literature, 1982). I argue that socrates' defense is more of a parody of gorgian rhetoric than seeskin is willing to allow. They key lies in socrates' use of rhetoric to persuade the beliefs of the athenian jurors by means of probabilities. When replying to the expressed pretexts of the trial, He uses "base" rhetoric; when finally attending to the real reasons behind his accusations, He resorts (...)
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  25. M. McKeon (2005). A Defense of the Kripkean Account of Logical Truth in First-Order Modal Logic. Journal of Philosophical Logic 34 (3):305 - 326.score: 213.0
    This paper responds to criticism of the Kripkean account of logical truth in first-order modal logic. The criticism, largely ignored in the literature, claims that when the box and diamond are interpreted as the logical modality operators, the Kripkean account is extensionally incorrect because it fails to reflect the fact that all sentences stating truths about what is logically possible are themselves logically necessary. I defend the Kripkean account by arguing that some true sentences about logical possibility are (...)
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  26. Jennifer Anna Gosetti (2002). Tragedy and Truth in Heidegger and Jaspers. International Philosophical Quarterly 42 (3):301-314.score: 213.0
    In this essay, I aim to engage Martin Heidegger’s and Karl Jaspers’s views of the tragic in critical dialogue in order to show that for both of these philosophers tragedy, in literature and in its philosophical interpretation, defines the relationships of thought to transcendence, of history to truth, I begin with an account of Jaspers’s treatment of the tragic, proceed to interpret Heidegger’s account of tragic poetry and his post-tragic notion of Gelassenheit, and finally outline the limitations of (...)
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  27. Christopher Bartel (2012). The Puzzle of Historical Criticism. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 70 (2):213-222.score: 210.0
    Works of fiction are often criticized for their historical inaccuracies. But this practice poses a problem: why would we criticize a work of fiction for its historical inaccuracy given that it is a work of fiction? There is an intuition that historical inaccuracies in works of fiction diminish their value as works of fiction; and yet, given that they are works of fiction, there is also an intuition that such works should be free from the constraints of historical truth. (...)
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  28. Yiftach Fehige (2013). Poems of Productive Imagination: Thought Experiments, Christianity, and Science in Novalis. Neue Zeitschrift für Systematische Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 55 (1):54-83.score: 210.0
    Thought experiments are employed for a number of reasons and in many different disciplines. This paper explores the work of Novalis in relation to the method of thought experiments in theology, with a special focus on the encounter between Christianity and the science of his day. In a first step I revisit the ongoing philosophical discussion on thought experiments in order to highlight the lack of interest in the literary features of thought experiments. Step two is dedicated to a discussion (...)
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  29. Gregory Currie (2012). Literature and Truthfulness. In James Maclaurin (ed.), Rationis Defensor. 23-31.score: 207.0
    How should we characterise the view that we can learn about the mind from literature? Should we say that such learning consists in acquiring knowledge of truths? That option is more attractive than it is sometimes made to seem by those who oppose propositional knowledge to practical knowledge or “knowing how”. But some writers on this topic—Lamarque and Olsen—argue that, while literature may express interesting propositions, it is not their truth that matters, but their “content”. Matters to (...)
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  30. Brian Grodsky (2008). Justice Without Transition: Truth Commissions in the Context of Repressive Rule. [REVIEW] Human Rights Review 9 (3):281-297.score: 207.0
    While the study of transitional justice, and especially truth commissions, has gained in popularity over the past two decades, the literature is overwhelmingly focused on activities in democratizing states. This introduces a selection bias that interferes with proper analysis of causes and consequences of transitional justice on a global scale. In this paper, I discuss conditions under which new repressive elites, and even old repressive elites who survive to rule and repress in nominally new systems, may choose to (...)
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  31. Steven D. Roper & Lilian A. Barria (2009). Why Do States Commission the Truth? Political Considerations in the Establishment of African Truth and Reconciliation Commissions. Human Rights Review 10 (3):373-391.score: 207.0
    Although the use of truth and reconciliation commissions (TRCs) has grown considerably over the last 3 decades, there is still much that we do not know concerning the choice and the structuring of TRCs. While the literature has focused primarily on the effects of TRCs, we examine the domestic and the international factors influencing the choice of a commission in sub-Saharan Africa from 1974 to 2003 using pooled cross-sectional time series. We find that states which adopted a TRC (...)
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  32. Gearoid Millar (2011). Local Evaluations of Justice Through Truth Telling in Sierra Leone: Postwar Needs and Transitional Justice. [REVIEW] Human Rights Review 12 (4):515-535.score: 207.0
    This article presents findings from a qualitative case study of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) in rural Sierra Leone. It adds to the sparse literature directly evaluating local experiences of transitional justice mechanisms. It investigates the conceptual foundations of retributive and restorative approaches to postwar justice, and describes the emerging alternative argument demanding attention be paid to economic, cultural, and social rights in such transitional situations. The article describes how justice is defined in Makeni, a town in (...)
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  33. Bryn Williams-Jones & Vural Ozdemir (2008). Challenges for Corporate Ethics in Marketing Genetic Tests. Journal of Business Ethics 77 (1):33 - 44.score: 198.0
    Public discussions of ethical issues related to the biotechnology industry tend to treat “biotechnology” as a single, undifferentiated technology. Similarly, the pros and cons associated with this entire sector tend to get lumped together, such that individuals and groups often situate themselves as either “pro-” or “anti-” biotechnology as a whole. But different biotechnologies and their particular application context pose very different challenges for ethical corporate decision-making. Even within a single product category, different specialty products can pose strikingly different ethical (...)
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  34. M. W. Rowe (1997). Lamarque and Olsen on Literature and Truth. Philosophical Quarterly 47 (188):322-341.score: 196.0
    In Fiction, Truth and Literature, Lamarque and Olsen argue that if a critic claims or attempts to prove that the outlook of a work of literature is true or false, he is not engaging in literary or aesthetic appreciation. This paper argues against this position by adducing cases where literary critics discuss the truth or falsity of a work’s view, when their opinions are obviously relevant to the work’s aesthetic assessment. The paper considers in detail the (...)
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  35. Kuipers, Theo A. F., Cools, Kees & Hamminga, Bert, Truth Approximation by Concretization in Capital Structure Theory.score: 195.0
    This paper supplies a structuralist reconstruction of the Modigliani-Miller theory and shows that the economic literature following their results reports on research with an implicit strategy to come "closer-to-the-truth" in the modern technical sense in philosophy of science.
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  36. Ralph Keyes (2004). The Post-Truth Era: Dishonesty and Deception in Contemporary Life. St. Martin's Press.score: 195.0
    "Dishonesty inspires more euphemisms than copulation or defecation. This helps desensitize us to its implications. In the post-truth era we don't just have truth and lies but a third category of ambiguous statements that are not exactly the truth but fall just short of a lie. Enhanced truth it might be called. Neo-truth . Soft truth . Faux truth . Truth lite ." Deception has become the modern way of life. Where once (...)
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  37. Jefferson Humphries (1987). The Puritan and the Cynic: Moralists and Theorists in French and American Letters. Oxford University Press.score: 192.0
    Why do Americans, and so often, American writers, profess moral sentiments and yet write so little in the traditionally "moralistic" genres of maxim and fable? What is the relation between "moral" concerns and literary theory? Can any sort of morality survive the supposed nihilism of deconstruction? Jefferson Humphries undertakes a discussion of questions like these through a comparative reading of the ways in which moral issues surface in French and American literature. Humphries takes issue with the "amoral" view of (...)
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  38. Albrecht Classen (ed.) (2010). Laughter in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Times: Epistemology of a Fundamental Human Behavior, its Meaning, and Consequences. Walter de Gruyter.score: 192.0
    Introduction: Laughter as an expression of human nature in the Middle Ages and the early modern period: literary, historical, theological, philosophical, and psychological reflections -- Judith Hagen. Laughter in Procopius's wars -- Livnat Holtzman. "Does God really laugh?": appropriate and inappropriate descriptions of God in Islamic traditionalist theology -- Daniel F. Pigg. Laughter in Beowulf: ambiguity, ambivalence, and group identity formation -- Mark Burde. The parodia sacra problem and medieval comic studies -- Olga V. Trokhimenko. Women's laughter and gender politics (...)
     
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  39. Floora Ruokonen & Laura Werner (eds.) (2006). Visions of Value and Truth: Understanding Philosophy and Literature. Philosophical Society of Finland.score: 192.0
     
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  40. Susan Haack (2008). Putting Philosophy to Work: Inquiry and its Place in Culture: Essays on Science, Religion, Law, Literature, and Life. Prometheus Books.score: 189.0
    Staying for an answer : the untidy process of groping for truth -- The same, only different -- The unity of truth and the plurality of truths -- Coherence, consistency, cogency, congruity, cohesiveness, &c. : remain calm! don't go overboard! -- Not cynicism, but synechism : lessons from classical pragmatism -- Science, economics, "vision" -- The integrity of science : what it means, why it matters -- Scientific secrecy and "spin" : the sad, sleazy story of the trials (...)
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  41. Martin Warner (1999). Literature, Truth and Logic. Philosophy 74 (1):29-54.score: 189.0
    Analytic philosophy's characteristic downgrading of literature's putative concern with truth, and envisaging of its interest to philosophy merely in terms of material for logical analysis, was prefigured by Frege. The initial plausibility of this approach was in part a function of certain preferred models of philosophy as analysis which were themselves deeply flawed. An exploration of their weaknesses in the light of more adequate theories of language, truth and logic enables us to give proper weight both to (...)
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  42. Antonio Manzatto (2012). Em torno da questão da verdade (On the question of the truth). Horizonte 10 (25):12-28.score: 189.0
    The question about the truth becomes difficult the dialogue between theology and literature. The development of fiction does not mean a separation of the truth. In turn, the theological discourse is not the only true. Traditional metaphysics has already affirmed the beautiful and the true as a transcendental. Nowadays, even in science, there is a debate about the understanding of the truth since this concept is not simple, nor univocal. The text recognizes that there are several (...)
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  43. Jukka Mikkonen (2010). Contemplation and Hypotheses in Literature. Philosophical Frontiers 5 (1):73-83.score: 180.0
    In literary aesthetics, the debate on whether literary fictions provide propositional knowledge generally centres around the question whether there are authors’ explicit or implicit truth-claims in literary works and whether the reader’s act of looking for and assessing such claims as true or false is an appropriate stance toward the works as literary works. Nevertheless, in reading literary fiction, readers cannot always be sure whether the author is actually asserting or suggesting a view she expresses or presents because of (...)
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  44. Christian Salmon (2005). Verbicide: Du Bon Usage des Cerveaux Humains Disponibles: Essais. Climats.score: 180.0
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  45. Aldo Giorgio Gargani (1993). ?Thomas Bernhard's Infinite Phrase?: A Summary. [REVIEW] Argumentation 6 (4):445-459.score: 171.0
    Gargani's work aims at discovering the link connecting the multifarious aspects of contemporary Austrian culture in the connection between ethics and aesthetics. In Gargani's view this connection is responsible for the strong criticism of contemporary society, based on mechanization and automatic processes, as it is instanced by such authors as F. Kafka, L. Wittgenstein, R. Musil, I. Bachmann and above all Thomas Bernhard. According to Gargani's essay, starting from the rejection of the notion of a correspondence relation of language to (...)
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  46. Laura Inez Deavenport Barge (2009). Exploring Worldviews in Literature: From William Wordsworth to Edward Albee. Abilene Christian University Press.score: 168.0
    Numinous spaces in British literature from William Wordsworth to Samuel Beckett -- Jesus figures in American literature from Ralph Waldo Emerson to Edward Albee -- Using Bakhtin's definitions to discover ethical voices in Solzhenitsyn and Tolstoy -- René Girard's categories of scapegoats in literature of the American South -- Hopkins's metaphysics of nature as sacred disclosure -- The book of job as mirrored in Hopkins's metaphysics -- Beckett's mythos of the absence of God.
     
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  47. Vincent Descombes (1992). Proust: Philosophy of the Novel. Stanford University Press.score: 165.0
    Through the voice of the narrator of Remembrance of Things Past, Proust observes of the painter Elstir that the paintings are bolder than the artist; Elstir the painter is bolder than Elstir the theorist. This book applies the same distinction to Proust; the Proustian novel is bolder than Proust the theorist. By this the author means that the novel is philosophically bolder, that it pursues further The task Proust identifies as the writer's work: to explain life, to elucidate what has (...)
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  48. Jukka Mikkonen (2013). The Cognitive Value of Philosophical Fiction. Bloomsbury Academic.score: 165.0
    Can literary fictions convey significant philosophical views, understood in terms of propositional knowledge? This study addresses the philosophical value of literature by examining how literary works impart philosophy truth and knowledge and to what extent the works should be approached as communications of their authors. Beginning with theories of fiction, it examines the case against the prevailing ‘pretence’ and ‘make-believe’ theories of fiction hostile to propositional theories of literary truth. Tackling further arguments against the cognitive function and (...)
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  49. Gila Sher & Cory D. Wright (2007). Truth as a Normative Modality of Cognitive Acts. In Geo Siegwart & Dirk Griemann (eds.), Truth and Speech Acts: Studies in the Philosophy of Language. Routledge. 5--280.score: 162.0
    Attention to the conversational role of alethic terms seems to dominate, and even sometimes exhaust, many contemporary analyses of the nature of truth. Yet, because truth plays a role in judgment and assertion regardless of whether alethic terms are expressly used, such analyses cannot be comprehensive or fully adequate. A more general analysis of the nature of truth is therefore required – one which continues to explain the significance of truth independently of the role alethic terms (...)
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