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  1. Matti Häyry & Tuija Takala (2015). INTRODUCTION: The Theory and Practice of Global Justice. Journal of Global Ethics 11 (1):65-67.
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  2. Tuija Takala & Matti HÄyry (2014). Neuroethics and Animals: Methods and Philosophy. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 23 (2):182-187.
    This article provides an overview of the six other contributions in the Neuroethics and Animals special section. In addition, it discusses the methodological and theoretical problems of interdisciplinary fields. The article suggests that interdisciplinary approaches without established methodological and theoretical bases are difficult to assess scientifically. This might cause these fields to expand without actually advancing.
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  3. Tuija Takala, Matti HÄyry & Laurence Laing (2014). Playing God: The Rock Opera That Endeavors to Become a Bioethics Education Tool. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 23 (2):188-199.
    This article describes and introduces a new innovative tool for bioethics education: a rock opera on the ethics of genetics written by two academics and a drummer legend. The origin of the idea, the characters and their development, and the themes and approaches as well as initial responses to the music and the show are described, and the various educational usages are explored.
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  4. Tuija Takala (2010). Guest Editorial: Introduction to Philosophical Issues in Neuroethics. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (02):161-.
    Neuroethics studies the ethical, social, and legal issues raised by actual or expected advances in neuroscience. The relevant fields in neuroscience include, but are not limited to, neuroimaging, cognitive neuroscience, neuropsychopharmacology, neurogenetics, and neuropsychiatry. For many, neuroethics is best understood as a subcategory of bioethics, and although not all agree, for the purposes of the present collection of articles, this definition is assumed. Although bioethics as a field of study started in the early 1970s as a normative enterprise, mainly practiced (...)
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  5. Tuija Takala (2007). Designer Babies and Treating People as a Means. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 1:245-249.
    Among the many ethical problems brought about by the latest developments in medical sciences is the possibility of creating "designer" babies. In this paper I will look at one such a case from the viewpoint of the Kantian "humanity principle". The various aspects of treating people as a means that can be brought up in discussions about "designer" babies are scrutinised. These will obviously include treating the future child as a mere means, but the proper role of the mother and (...)
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  6. Tuija Takala (2007). Respect for Autonomy and the Two Concepts of Liberty. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 1:69-72.
    In this paper I will study the theoretical foundations of autonomy and argue that many of the disputes around the principle follow from different understandings of what is "true freedom." My analysis will center on the two notions of liberty introduced by Isaiah Berlin in his "Two Concepts of Liberty" (originally published in 1959). The problem is that there is no unequivocal way to understand the division. In my paper, I will give one interpretation of Berlin's two concepts, and argue (...)
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  7. Tuija Takala & Matti Häyry (2007). Benefiting From Past Wrongdoing, Human Embryonic Stem Cell Lines, and the Fragility of the German Legal Position. Bioethics 21 (3):150–159.
    This paper examines the logic and morality of the German Stem Cell Act of 2002. After a brief description of the law’s scope and intent, its ethical dimensions are analysed in terms of symbolic threats, indirect consequences, and the encouragement of immorality. The conclusions are twofold. For those who want to accept the law, the arguments for its rationality and morality can be sound. For others, the emphasis on the uniqueness of the German experience, the combination of absolute and qualified (...)
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  8. Matti Häyry, Jukka Takala, Piia Jallinoja, Salla Lötjönen & Tuija Takala (2006). Ethicalization in Bioscience—A Pilot Study in Finland. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (03):282-284.
    Concepts that refer to trends like globalization and medicalization have, of late, become a hallmark of public debates. The logic of such concepts is that the same word can refer both to good and bad developments, partly depending on the chosen viewpoint. Hardly anyone opposes the global enforcement of human rights, but the global liberation of trade is sometimes viewed with suspicion. In a similar vein, advances in medicine are seldom seen as a bad thing, but medical solutions to social (...)
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  9. Matti Häyry & Tuija Takala (2005). Human Dignity, Bioethics, and Human Rights. Developing World Bioethics 5 (3):225–233.
  10. Matti Hayry & Tuija Takala (2005). Human Dignity, Bioethics, and Human Rights. Developing World Bioethics 5 (3):225-233.
  11. Matti Häyry, Tuija Takala & Peter Herissone-Kelly (2005). Bioethics and Social Reality. Rodopi.
    This book explores the many connections that bioethical thinking has with social reality. Bioethics, if it is to be effective, must engage with and address the actualities of modern life: policies, regulations, markets, opinions, and technological advances. In these original contributions fifteen notable scholars working in the North West of England take on this challenge.Values in Bioethics makes available original philosophical books in all areas of bioethics, including medical and nursing ethics, health care ethics, research ethics, environmental ethics, and global (...)
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  12. Tuija Takala (2005). Demagogues, Firefighters, and Window Dressers: Who Are We and What Should We Be? Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (4):385-388.
    The growing interest in bioethics has given rise to a new group of experts: experts in bioethics. They come from different walks of life and their motives, claims, and qualifications for expertise are manifold. Various academic disciplines can be said to contribute to one's status as an expert in bioethics. Studies and research in, say, philosophy, law, anthropology, history, theology, and sociology with an emphasis on bioethical matters are often thought of as suitably qualifying a person as a bioethicist. In (...)
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  13. Matti Häyry & Tuija Takala (2004). Dissecting Bioethics. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13 (01):3-5.
    Many bioethical disputes are conceptual. This means that people quarrel about the use of words that they see as important. The underlying idea is that whoever wins the verbal argument will also be ethically right.
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  14. Pekka Louhiala & Tuija Takala (2004). Healthcare Ethics in Finland: A Follow-Up. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13 (03):236-240.
    Last year we reported that there are no professorships in medical ethics in Finland. This year we are happy to report that a chair in medical ethics has now been advertised at the University of Turku. We also gave details about the attempts to come up with a law on assisted reproduction. As predicted, there were problems, and eventually the proposal was withdrawn, leaving Finland still without a law on assisted reproduction. The talk on large-scale genetic databases has been surprisingly (...)
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  15. Tuija Takala (2004). The (Im)Morality of (Un)Naturalness. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13 (01):15-19.
    In discussions among nonphilosophers, the ethical argument from naturalness frequently comes up. “Of course, cloning should be banned—it is unnatural.” “Surely you cannot deny that homosexuality is unnatural .” “The immorality of gene technology is apparent because things like that do not happen in nature. Genes do not jump between species and crossbreeding produces infertile offspring.” Even those who come from a philosophical background can catch themselves thinking, “That is unnatural!” and finding grounds for suspicion from the thought. But what (...)
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  16. Matti Häyry & Tuija Takala (eds.) (2003). Scratching the Surface of Bioethics. Rodopi.
    WHAT IS BIOETHICS ALL ABOUT? A START Matti Hayry and Tuija Takala. A Start What is bioethics all about? Is it only about medicine, nursing, and healthcare? ...
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  17. Tuija Takala (2003). Utilitarianism Shot Down by Its Own Men? Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (04):447-454.
    I think that utilitarianism is a good moral theory, and definitely better than its rivals, deontology and teleology. For practical purposes in multicultural contexts, at least, I think that no one should overlook a theory that is able to take into account a variety of ethical views and accommodate the ever-changing facts of the material world. But utilitarianism has a bad reputation in bioethics. It is often seen as the inhumane theory that allows the sacrifice of minorities, the killing of (...)
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  18. Tuija Takala & Pekka Louhiala (2003). Healthcare Ethics in Finland. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (03):256-260.
    Finland is a country in Northern Europe with a population of approximately 5.1 million people. It lies between Sweden and Russia and has a border with Norway too. It is part of the European Union and also belongs to the European Monetary Union. It is a welfare state in the sense that healthcare services, schools, universities, and social services are for the most part paid for by tax-based funding. In terms of basic healthcare, the state, through local municipalities, provides comprehensive (...)
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  19. Tuija Takala (2002). Justice for All? The Scandinavian Approach. In Rosamond Rhodes, Margaret P. Battin & Anita Silvers (eds.), Medicine and Social Justice: Essays on the Distribution of Health Care. OUP Usa 183.
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  20. Matti Häyry & Tuija Takala (2001). Genetic Information, Rights, and Autonomy. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (5):403-414.
    Rights, autonomy, privacy, and confidentialityare concepts commonly used in discussionsconcerning genetic information. When theseconcepts are thought of as denoting absolutenorms and values which cannot be overriden byother considerations, conflicts among themnaturally occur.In this paper, these and related notions areexamined in terms of the duties and obligationsmedical professionals and their clients canhave regarding genetic knowledge. It issuggested that while the prevailing idea ofautonomy is unhelpful in the analysis of theseduties, and the ensuing rights, an alternativereading of personal self-determination canprovide a firmer (...)
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  21. Matti Häyry & Tuija Takala (eds.) (2001). The Future of Value Inquiry. Rodopi.
    This book explores the nature of values, and the status of value studies, at the turn of the millennium. The contributors, nineteen philosophers from fourteen countries, introduce and defend an enriching variety of views regarding the present state and future prospects of value inquiry.
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  22. Tuija Takala (2001). Genetic Ignorance and Reasonable Paternalism. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (5):485-491.
    The question concerning an individual''s rightto remain in ignorance regarding her owngenetic makeup is central to debates aboutgenetic information. Whatever is decided onthis matter has a weighty bearing on all of therelated third-party issues, such as whetherfamily members or employers should be toldabout an individual''s genetic makeup. Thosearguing that no right to genetic ignoranceexists tend to argue from a viewpoint I havecalled in this paper reasonablepaternalism. It is an appealing position whichrests on widely shared intuitions on reasonablechoices, but which, in (...)
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  23. Tuija Takala (2001). What Is Wrong with Global Bioethics? On the Limitations of the Four Principles Approach. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 10 (1):72-77.
    Within the latter half of the 30-year history of bioethics there has been an increasing pressure to address bioethical issues globally. Bioethics is not traditionally a theory-based enterprise, rather the focus has been problem related. With the introduction of the global perspective, theory has, however, become more important. One of the best known, probably the best known, theory of bioethics is the one presented by Tom L. Beauchamp and James F. Childress in their PrinciplesofBiomedicalEthics in 1979. This theory is known (...)
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  24. Tuija Takala & Matti Häyry (2000). Genetic Ignorance, Moral Obligations and Social Duties. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 (1):107 – 113.
    In a contribution to The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy , Professor Rosamond Rhodes argues that individuals sometimes have an obligation to know about their genetic disorders, because this is required by their status as autonomous persons. Her analysis, which is based on Kant's concept of autonomy and Aristotle's notion of friendship, is extended here to consequentialist concerns. These are of paramount importance if, as we believe and Professor Rhodes herself implies, the Kantian and Aristotelian doctrines can be helpful only (...)
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  25. Matti Häyry & Tuija Takala (1999). Biotechnology and the Environment. The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 1:169-178.
    Rights can be founded in a variety of ethical systems—e.g., on natural law, on the duties postulated by deontological ethics, and on the consequences of our actions. The concept of risk we will outline supports a theory of rights which provides at least individual human beings with the entitlement not to be harmed by the environmental impacts of biotechnology. The analysis can, we believe, also be extended to the rights of animals as well as ecosystems, both of which can be (...)
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  26. Tuija Takala (1999). The Right to Genetic Ignorance Confirmed. Bioethics 13 (3-4):288-293.
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