Search results for 'Typology' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Pablo Rodrigo & Daniel Arenas (2008). Do Employees Care About Csr Programs? A Typology of Employees According to Their Attitudes. Journal of Business Ethics 83 (2):265 - 283.score: 24.0
    This paper examines employees’ reactions to Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) programs at the attitudinal level. The results presented are drawn from an in-depth study of two Chilean construction firms that have well-established CSR programs. Grounded theory was applied to the data prior to the construction of the conceptual framework. The analysis shows that the implementation of CSR programs generates two types of attitudes in employees: attitudes toward the organization and attitudes toward society. These two broad types of attitudes can then (...)
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  2. Aviva Geva (2006). A Typology of Moral Problems in Business: A Framework for Ethical Management. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 69 (2):133 - 147.score: 24.0
    This paper develops a typology of moral problems in business. The cross-classification of two fundamental dimensions of ethical conduct: judgment and motivation, is employed to distinguish four types of moral problems: genuine dilemmas, compliance problems, moral laxity, and no-problem problems. Actual cases are brought to illustrate each type of problem, and corresponding coping strategies are presented. The paper highlights the need to design a dynamic strategy that will take into account the relationships among different types of ethical problems. In (...)
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  3. Ron Amundson (1998). Typology Reconsidered: Two Doctrines on the History of Evolutionary Biology. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 13 (2):153-177.score: 22.0
    Recent historiography of 19th century biology supports the revision of two traditional doctrines about the history of biology. First, the most important and widespread biological debate around the time of Darwin was not evolution versus creation, but biological functionalism versus structuralism. Second, the idealist and typological structuralist theories of the time were not particularly anti-evolutionary. Typological theories provided argumentation and evidence that was crucial to the refutation of Natural Theological creationism. The contrast between functionalist and structuralist approaches to biology continues (...)
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  4. Mark Donohue & Søren Wichmann (eds.) (2008). The Typology of Semantic Alignment. Oxford University Press.score: 22.0
    This book will interest typological and historical linguists at graduate level and above.
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  5. Nikolaus Himmelmann & Eva Schultze-Berndt (eds.) (2005). Secondary Predication and Adverbial Modification: The Typology of Depictives. Oxford University Press.score: 21.0
    This is the first book to approach depictive secondary predication - a hot topic in syntax and semantics research - from a crosslinguistic perspective. It maps out all the relevant phenomena and brings together critical surveys and new contributions on their morphosyntactic and semantic properties.
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  6. Mercy Kamara (2009). The Typology of the Game That American, British, and Danish Crop and Plant Scientists Play. Minerva 47 (4):441-463.score: 21.0
    Drawing from contemporary social science studies on the shifting regime of research governance, this paper extends the literature by utilizing a metaphoric image—research is a game—observed in a field engagement with 82 American, British, and Danish crop and plant scientists. It theorizes respondents’ thinking and practices by placing the rules of the research game in dynamic and interactive tension between the scientific, social, and political-economic contingencies that generate opportunities or setbacks. Scientists who play the game exploit opportunities and surmount setbacks (...)
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  7. Nicholas Evans (ed.) (2011). Reciprocals and Semantic Typology. John Benjamins Pub. Company.score: 21.0
    That is the central goal of this volume, and it develops and explains new techniques for tackling this question.
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  8. Milan Subotic (2006). Small Nations: Hroch's Typology of National Movements. Filozofija I Društvo 30:201-231.score: 21.0
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  9. Zhihua Yao (2010). Typology of Nothing: Heidegger, Daoism and Buddhism. Comparative Philosophy 1 (1):78-89.score: 18.0
    Parmenides expelled nonbeing from the realm of knowledge and forbade us to think or talk about it. But still there has been a long tradition of nay-sayings throughout the history of Western and Eastern philosophy. Are those philosophers talking about the same nonbeing or nothing? If not, how do their concepts of nothing differ from each other? Could there be different types of nothing? Surveying the traditional classifications of nothing or nonbeing in the East and West have led me to (...)
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  10. Suzy Killmister (forthcoming). Why Group Membership Matters; A Critical Typology. Ethnicities.score: 18.0
    The question of why group-differentiated rights might be a requirement of justice has been a central focus of identity politics in recent decades. I attempt to bring some clarity to this discussion by proposing a typology to track the various ways in which individuals can be harmed or benefited as a consequence of their membership in social groups. It is the well-being of individuals that group-differentiated rights should be understood as protecting, and so clarity on the relationship between group (...)
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  11. Shawn Kaplan (2008). A Typology of Terrorism. Review Journal of Political Philosophy 6 (1):1-38.score: 18.0
    In this paper, a two-fold strategy is carried out for gaining conceptual clarity in response to the question: What is terrorism? The first stage is to defend a broad working definition of terrorism that emphasizes the instrumental employment of terror or fear to obtain any number of possible ends. As proposed in this paper, Terrorism is an act or threat of violence to persons or property that elicits terror, fear, or anxiety regarding the security of human life or fundamental rights (...)
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  12. Carl Erik Kühl (2008). Kinesis and Energeia—and What Follows. Outline of a Typology of Human Actions. Axiomathes 18 (3):303-338.score: 18.0
    This paper presents a typology of human actions, based on Aristotle’s kinesis–energeia dichotomy and on a formal elaboration (with some refinement) of the Vendler–Kenny classificatory schemes for action types (or action verbs). The types introduced are defined throughout by inferential criteria, in terms of what here are referred to as “modal-temporal expressions” (‘MT-terms’). Examples of familiar categories analysed in this way are production and maintenance, but the procedure is meant to offer a basis for defining various other commonsense categories. (...)
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  13. Alan C. Love (forthcoming). Typology Reconfigured: From the Metaphysics of Essentialism to the Epistemology of Representation. Acta Biotheoretica.score: 18.0
    The goal of this paper is to encourage a reconfiguration of the discussion about typology in biology away from the metaphysics of essentialism and toward the epistemology of classifying natural phenomena for the purposes of empirical inquiry. First, I briefly review arguments concerning ‘typological thinking’, essentialism, species, and natural kinds, highlighting their predominantly metaphysical nature. Second, I use a distinction between the aims, strategies, and tactics of science to suggest how a shift from metaphysics to epistemology might be accomplished. (...)
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  14. Sandra J. Tanenbaum (2013). What is Patient-Centered Care? A Typology of Models and Missions. Health Care Analysis:1-16.score: 18.0
    Recently adopted health care practices and policies describe themselves as “patient-centered care.” The meaning of the term, however, remains contested and obscure. This paper offers a typology of “patient-centered care” models that aims to contribute to greater clarity about, continuing discussion of, and further advances in patient-centered care. The paper imposes an original analytic framework on extensive material covering mostly US health care and health policy topics over several decades. It finds that four models of patient-centered care emphasize: patients (...)
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  15. Louke Wensveen Sikevanr (1989). Christ and Business: A Typology for Christian Business Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 8 (11).score: 18.0
    H. Richard Niebuhr's typology of the relation between Christ and culture can function as a heuristic device to identify different approaches to Christian business ethics. Five types are outlined: Christ Against Business, The Christ of Business, Christ Above Business, Christ and Business in Paradox, and Christ the Transformer of Business. This typology may facilitate discussion on the relative adequacy of various theological assumptions about ethical change in business.
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  16. Johanna Seibt (2004). Free Process Theory: Towards a Typology of Occurrings. [REVIEW] Axiomathes 14 (1-3):23-55.score: 18.0
    The paper presents some essential heuristic and constructional elements of Free Process Theory (FPT), a non-Whiteheadian, monocategoreal framework. I begin with an analysis of our common sense concept of activities, which plays a crucial heuristic role in the development of the notion of a free process. I argue that an activity is not a type but a mode of occurrence, defined in terms of a network of inferences. The inferential space characterizing our concept of an activity entails that anything which (...)
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  17. Berislav Žarnić (2010). A Logical Typology of Normative Systems. Journal of Applied Ethics and Philosophy 2 (1):30-40.score: 18.0
    In this paper, the set-theoretic approach in the logical theory of normative systems is extended using Broome’s definition of the normative code function. The syntax and semantics for first order metanormative language is defined, and metanormative language is applied in the formalization of the basic principles in Broome’s approach and in the construction of a logical typology of normative systems. Special attention is given to the types of normative systems which are not definable in terms of the properties of (...)
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  18. Louke van Wensveen Siker (1989). Christ and Business: A Typology for Christian Business Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 8 (11):883 - 888.score: 18.0
    H. Richard Niebuhr's typology of the relation between Christ and culture can function as a heuristic device to identify different approaches to Christian business ethics. Five types are outlined: Christ Against Business, The Christ of Business, Christ Above Business, Christ and Business in Paradox, and Christ the Transformer of Business. This typology may facilitate discussion on the relative adequacy of various theological assumptions about ethical change in business.
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  19. Scott J. Vitell, Saviour L. Nwachukwu & James H. Barnes (1993). The Effects of Culture on Ethical Decision-Making: An Application of Hofstede's Typology. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 12 (10):753 - 760.score: 18.0
    This paper addresses a significant gap in the conceptualization of business ethics within different cultural influences. Though theoretical models of business ethics have recognized the importance of culture in ethical decision-making, few have examinedhow this influences ethical decision-making. Therefore, this paper develops propositions concerning the influence of various cultural dimensions on ethical decision-making using Hofstede''s typology.
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  20. Veit Bader (2003). Religions and States. A New Typology and a Plea for Non-Constitutional Pluralism. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 6 (1):55-91.score: 18.0
    Political philosophy has difficulties to cope with the complexity and variety of state-religions relations. Strict separationism is still the preferred option amongst liberals, deliberative and republican democrats, socialist and feminists. In this article, I develop a complex typology based on comparative history and sociology of religions. I summarize my reasons why institutional pluralist models like plural establishment or non-constitutional pluralism are attractive not only for religious minorities but for religiously deeply diverse societies in general. Most attention is paid defending (...)
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  21. A. L. Malchukov (2004). Towards a Semantic Typology of Adversative and Contrast Marking. Journal of Semantics 21 (2):177-198.score: 18.0
    The article concerns the issue of the semantic typology of adversative connectives such as Russian no and English but. I adopt a semantic map approach in order to establish semantic relations between the adversative function and other functions in the domain of coordination on the basis of cross‐linguistically attested polysemy patterns. Thus, I establish two ‘routes’ connecting the adversative to the coordinating (‘and’) function, via the contrast function, on the one hand, and the mirative function, on the other hand. (...)
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  22. Abraham Vélez de Cea (2011). A Cross-Cultural and Buddhist-Friendly Interpretation of the Typology Exclusivism-Inclusivism-Pluralism. Sophia 50 (3):453-480.score: 18.0
    This article develops a new and expanded interpretation of the typology exclusivism, inclusivism, pluralism. The proposal refines the categories of what was originally a Christian typology in order to provide a truly cross-cultural and interreligious framework to better understand and compare the most common views of religious diversity found not only in Christianity, but also in Buddhism and other religions. Although building upon Schmidt-Leukel's logical reinterpretation of the typology, the article substantially modifies his framework and understands the (...)
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  23. Pursey P. M. A. R. Heugens, Muel Kaptein & J. van Oosterhout (2004). Ties That Grind? Corroborating a Typology of Social Contracting Problems. Journal of Business Ethics 49 (3):235-252.score: 18.0
    Contractualism conceives of firm-stakeholder relations as cooperative schemes for mutual benefit. In essence, contractualism holds that these schemes, as well as the normative principles that guide and constrain them, are ultimately ratified by the consent and endorsement of those subject to them. This paper explores the empirical validity of a contractualist perspective on firm-stakeholder relations. It first develops a typology of firm-stakeholder contracting problems. It subsequently confronts this typology with empirical data collected in an interview study of concrete (...)
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  24. Antoine C. Braet (2004). The Oldest Typology of Argumentation Schemes. Argumentation 18 (1):127-148.score: 18.0
    The Rhetoric to Alexander (about 340 B.C.) contains a list of proofs (pisteis) and other types of argumentation which may be seen as the oldest surviving typology of argumentation schemes (avant la lettre). In the present article this typology is derived and compared with modern proposals. The conclusion is that the oldest typology is surprisingly similar to the most recent classifications.
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  25. François Nielsen (2004). The Ecological-Evolutionary Typology of Human Societies and the Evolution of Social Inequality. Sociological Theory 22 (2):292-314.score: 18.0
    Gerhard Lenski's ecological-evolutionary typology of human societies, based on the level of technology of a society and the nature of its physical environment, is a powerful predictor of various dimensions of social inequality. Analysis of comparative data shows that while some dimensions of the stratification system (such as measures of social complexity) exhibit a monotonic trend of increasing inequality with level of technology from the hunting-and-gathering to the agrarian type, others (such as measures of freedom and sexual inequality among (...)
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  26. Abraham VéLez de Cea (2011). A Cross-Cultural and Buddhist-Friendly Interpretation of the Typology Exclusivism-Inclusivism-Pluralism. Sophia 50 (3):453-480.score: 18.0
    This article develops a new and expanded interpretation of the typology exclusivism, inclusivism, pluralism. The proposal refines the categories of what was originally a Christian typology in order to provide a truly cross-cultural and interreligious framework to better understand and compare the most common views of religious diversity found not only in Christianity, but also in Buddhism and other religions. Although building upon Schmidt-Leukel's logical reinterpretation of the typology, the article substantially modifies his framework and understands the (...)
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  27. Bence Nanay (2001). A More Pluralist Typology of Selection Processes. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):547-548.score: 18.0
    Instead of using only one notion of selection I argue for a broader typology of different types of selection. Three such types are differentiated, namely simple one-step selection, iterated one-step selection, and multi-step selection. It is argued that this more general and more inclusive typology might face more effectively the possible challenges of a general account of selection.
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  28. Stefan Ziemski (1975). The Typology of Scientific Research. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 6 (2):276-291.score: 18.0
    Summary The typology of scientific research is of considerable importance for the development of the methodology of science. Apart from the typology accepted by UNESCO, the author introduces a new typology of scientific research, distinguishing the following types of research: diagnostic and generalizing, chronological and systematic, heuristic and justificatory, universalist and specialist, theoretical and practical, explanatory and descriptive and others.
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  29. Johanna Mair, Julie Battilana & Julian Cardenas (2012). Organizing for Society: A Typology of Social Entrepreneuring Models. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 111 (3):353-373.score: 18.0
    In this article, we use content and cluster analysis on a global sample of 200 social entrepreneurial organizations to develop a typology of social entrepreneuring models. This typology is based on four possible forms of capital that can be leveraged: social, economic, human, and political. Furthermore, our findings reveal that these four social entrepreneuring models are associated with distinct logics of justification that may explain different ways of organizing across organizations. This study contributes to understanding social entrepreneurship as (...)
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  30. D. G. Horrell, C. Hunt & C. Southgate (2008). Appeals to the Bible in Ecotheology and Environmental Ethics: A Typology of Hermeneutical Stances. Studies in Christian Ethics 21 (2):219-238.score: 18.0
    This article surveys and classifies the kinds of appeal to the Bible made in recent theological discussions of ecology and environmental ethics. These are, first, readings of `recovery', followed by two types of readings of `resistance'. The first of these modes of resistance entails the exercise of suspicion against the text, a willingness to resist it given a commitment to a particular (ethical) reading perspective. The second, by contrast, entails a resistance to the contemporary ethical agenda, given a perceived commitment (...)
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  31. G. W. Sassoon (2013). A Typology of Multidimensional Adjectives. Journal of Semantics 30 (3):335-380.score: 18.0
    This article presents corpus-based evidence for a typology of multidimensional adjectives, such as healthy and sick. The interpretation of these adjectives is sensitive to multiple dimensions, such as blood pressure, cholesterol and blood-sugar level. The study investigated the frequency of exception phrases that appear to operate on an implicit universal quantifier over adjectival dimensions, as in healthy, except for a slight cold, and not sick, except for high cholesterol. On the emerging typology, adjectives classify by the way their (...)
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  32. Andrew Ward (2006). The Concept of Underinsurance: A General Typology. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (5):499 – 531.score: 18.0
    In a 2002 speech, Mark McClellan, a member of the Council of Economic Advisors at the White House, said that "[I]n the president's vision, all Americans should have access to high-quality and affordable healthcare." However, many healthcare researchers believe that a growing number of Americans are underinsured. Because any characterization of underinsurance will refer to the value judgments of people about what counts as "adequate" and "inadequate" healthcare, the goal of characterizing and measuring the underinsured is difficult to achieve. In (...)
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  33. Seth D. Baum (2012). Value Typology in Cost-Benefit Analysis. Environmental Values 21 (4):499 - 524.score: 18.0
    Cost-benefit analysis (CBA) evaluates actions in terms of negative consequences (costs) and positive consequences (benefits). Though much has been said on CBA, little attention has been paid to the types of values held by costs and benefits. This paper introduces a simple typology of values in CBA and applies it to three forms of CBA: the common, money-based CBA, CBA based in social welfare, and CBA based in intrinsic value. The latter extends CBA beyond its usual anthropocentric domain. Adequate (...)
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  34. Paul Kiparsky, Towards a Typology of Disharmony.score: 18.0
    We propose an OT-theoretic typology of vowel harmony systems based on a comparative study of front/back harmony. Harmony processes are governed by a general constraint that imposes feature agreement on neighboring segments. Disharmonic (“neutral”) segments arise when this constraint is dominated by markedness constraints and/or by faithfulness constraints that govern segment inventories. These constraint interactions determine whether disharmonic segments are opaque or transparent, and fix the cross-linguistically diverse behavior of the latter. We make crucial use of two modes of (...)
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  35. Denis Collins (1989). Organizational Harm, Legal Condemnation and Stakeholder Retaliation: A Typology, Research Agenda and Application. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 8 (1):1 - 13.score: 18.0
    The essence of the ethical issues pertinent to business activities is the harm or benefit that occurs as part of a company's resource transformation process. A typology is developed that sorts ethical issues according to three variables: (1) the nature of the harm, (2) the nature of those harmed and (3) the transformation stage where the harm occurs. Propositions are formulated that would enable analysts and practitioners to predict the degree of legal condemnation of, and stakeholder retaliation to, harms (...)
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  36. David Roberts (2003). Towards a Genealogy and Typology of Spectacle Some Comments on Debord. Thesis Eleven 75 (1):54-68.score: 18.0
    Debord’s influential theory of the spectacle is vitiated by its lack of historical and analytical differentiation. This article draws on Debord’s own undeveloped distinction between the concentrated spectacle and the diffuse spectacle in order to propose a double genealogy and a fourfold typology of the spectacle since the French Revolution.
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  37. Sung Yong Kang (2012). The Typology of Jāti-s Indicated by Diṅnāga and Development of Diṅnāga's Thought. Journal of Indian Philosophy 40 (6):615-633.score: 18.0
    The exhaustive explications on jāti-s (sophisticated ripostes) and their seemingly chaotic arrangement in early Indian philosophical texts arouses an expectation for a systematic taxonomy or typology. Such taxonomy would enormously increase the heuristic value of the list of jāti-s. The present article aims to reveal some interpretational problems relevant to the understanding of the jāti-s’ historical development, as well as the theoretical implications of their typology. Focusing historically on the early texts of debate manuals of Nyāya and Buddhist (...)
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  38. Laura Oxley & Paul Morris (2013). Global Citizenship: A Typology for Distinguishing its Multiple Conceptions. British Journal of Educational Studies 61 (3):301-325.score: 18.0
    The promotion of ?Global Citizenship? (GC) has emerged as a goal of schooling in many countries, symbolising a shift away from national towards more global conceptions of citizenship. It currently incorporates a proliferation of approaches and terminologies, mirroring both the diverse conceptions of its nature and the socio-politico contexts within which it is appropriated. This paper seeks to clarify this ambiguity by constructing a typology to identify and distinguish the diverse conceptions of GC. The typology is based on (...)
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  39. Michel Dion (1998). A Typology of Corporate Environmental Policies. Environmental Ethics 20 (2):151-162.score: 18.0
    Although many small businesses and a great number of large enterprises have environmental policies, the contents of such policies vary widely according to their emphases either on technical rationality and technocentrism/technocracy or on ecological rationality and ecocentrism/ecocracy. I present them in four categories: with regard to strong anthropocentrism, (1) the neo-technocratic enterprise and (2) the techno-environmentalist enterprise; and with regard to weak anthropocentrism, (3) the pseudo-environmentalist enterprise and (4) the quasi-environmentalist enterprise. Such a typology can be useful for business (...)
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  40. Frank A. Hindriks (2006). Tractability Assumptions and the Musgrave–Mäki Typology. Journal of Economic Methodology 13 (4):401-423.score: 18.0
    Musgrave (1981) proposed a typology of assumptions, developed further by Mäki (2000), to defend the idea that the truth of assumptions is often important when evaluating economic theories against those economists who consider only predictive success to be relevant for this purpose. In this paper I propose a new framework for this typology that sheds further light on the issue. The framework consists of a distinction between first?order assumptions that state the absence or lack of effect of some (...)
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  41. John A. Kilpatrick (1985). Corporate Response to Social Pressures: A Typology. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 4 (6):493 - 501.score: 18.0
    The paper deals briefly with several definitional issues; discusses the concept of image as it determines the way managers see the world; as one aspect of the image, examines the contrasting views of conflict and cooperation in social and organizational relationships; and then presents a typology of corporate responses to pressures for socially responsible behavior: authoritarian, manipulative and bargaining. This typology was developed on the basis of the analysis of a large number of case histories of environmental conflicts, (...)
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  42. Timo Maran (2009). John Maynard Smith's Typology of Animal Signals. Sign Systems Studies 37 (3-4):477-495.score: 18.0
    Approaches to animal communication have for the most part been quite different in semiotics and evolutionary biology. In this context the writings of a leading evolutionary biologist who has also been attracted to semiotics — John Maynard Smith — are an interesting exception and object of study. The present article focuses on the use and adaptation of semiotic terminology in Maynard Smith’s works with reference to general theoretical premises both in semiotics and evolutionary biology. In developing a typology of (...)
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  43. Ekkehard König (2011). Reciprocals and Semantic Typology. In Nicholas Evans (ed.), Reciprocals and Semantic Typology. John Benjamins Pub. Company. 98--329.score: 18.0
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  44. Ekkehard KOnig (2011). Reciprocals and Semantic Typology Some Concluding Remarks. In Nicholas Evans (ed.), Reciprocals and Semantic Typology. John Benjamins Pub. Company. 98--329.score: 18.0
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  45. Kimberly Ochs & David Phillips (2002). Comparative Studies and 'Cross-National Attraction' in Education: A Typology for the Analysis of English Interest in Educational Policy and Provision in Germany. Educational Studies 28 (4):325-339.score: 18.0
    This paper describes a 'structural typology' to assist in the analysis of ways in which policy-makers in one country explore educational provision in another and seek to 'borrow' from it. In this analysis we look specifically at England's 'cross-national attraction' to education in Germany over the past 200 years. The paper aims to provide an analytical programme to use in comparative education and to facilitate exploration of the importance of context in shaping educational phenomena.
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  46. Christopher Potts, Rajesh Bhatt, Joe Pater & Michael Becker, Harmonic Grammar with Linear Programming: From Linear Systems to Linguistic Typology.score: 18.0
    Harmonic Grammar (HG) is a model of linguistic constraint interaction in which well-formedness is calculated as the sum of weighted constraint violations. We show how linear programming algorithms can be used to determine whether there is a weighting for a set of constraints that fits a set of linguistic data. The associated software package OT-Help provides a practical tool for studying large and complex linguistic systems in the HG framework and comparing the results with those of OT. We describe the (...)
     
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  47. David J. Zehnder (2011). A Theologian's Typology for Science and Religion. Zygon 46 (1):84-104.score: 16.0
    Abstract: A 1991 article by psychologist John D. Carter offers an underdeveloped insight that typologies for relating science and religion might be fruitfully formulated in discipline-specific perspectives. This essay thus covers a specifically theological perspective only briefly outlined in Carter, and it expands four models that theologians have used to relate religion and science. This essay renames these models and expands their implications, especially for addressing the behavioral sciences. (1) The contrarian model generally opposes science, (2) the apologetic makes theology (...)
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  48. László Koppány Csáji (2011). Flying with the Vanishing Fairies: Typology of the Shamanistic Traditions of the Hunza. Anthropology of Consciousness 22 (2):159-187.score: 16.0
    Until recently, very little has been written examining the beliefs and practices of the Hunzakuts shamans of North Pakistan. This paper attempts to provide insight into the shamanic traditions of the Burushaski speakers of Hunza, focusing on those specialists within this community who serve as intermediaries between the human and spirit worlds—bitan, dashmán, jaadugár, síre gús, and aqhón—with particular emphasis on the bitan, whose role can be easily compared with our term “shaman.” Using ethnographic techniques such as participant observation and (...)
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  49. G. Jager (2012). Using Statistics for Cross-Linguistic Semantics: A Quantitative Investigation of the Typology of Colour Naming Systems. Journal of Semantics 29 (4):521-544.score: 16.0
    The paper presents a statistical evaluation of the typological data about colour naming systems across the languages of the world that have been obtained by the World Color Survey. In a first step, we discuss a principal component analysis of the categorization data. This leads to a small set of easily interpretable features that are dominant in colour categorization. These features were used for a dimensionality reduction of the categorization data. Based on the thus preprocessed data, it is investigated how (...)
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  50. Nicholas Asher (1987). A Typology for Attitude Verbs and Their Anaphoric Properties. Linguistics and Philosophy 10 (2):125--197.score: 15.0
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