Search results for 'Typology (Linguistics' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  19
    Mark Donohue & Søren Wichmann (eds.) (2008). The Typology of Semantic Alignment. Oxford University Press.
    This book will interest typological and historical linguists at graduate level and above.
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  2.  11
    Nicholas Evans (ed.) (2011). Reciprocals and Semantic Typology. John Benjamins Pub. Company.
    That is the central goal of this volume, and it develops and explains new techniques for tackling this question.
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  3.  17
    Nikolaus Himmelmann & Eva Schultze-Berndt (eds.) (2005). Secondary Predication and Adverbial Modification: The Typology of Depictives. Oxford University Press.
    This is the first book to approach depictive secondary predication - a hot topic in syntax and semantics research - from a crosslinguistic perspective. It maps out all the relevant phenomena and brings together critical surveys and new contributions on their morphosyntactic and semantic properties.
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  4.  11
    Joe Pater (2009). Weighted Constraints in Generative Linguistics. Cognitive Science 33 (6):999-1035.
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  5.  4
    J. R. Cameron & Theodore Drange (1967). Type Crossings: Sentential Meaninglessness in the Border Area of Linguistics and Philosophy. Philosophical Quarterly 17 (69):366.
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  6.  8
    Anetta Kopecka & Bhuvana Narasimhan (eds.) (2012). Events of "Putting" and "Taking": A Crosslinguistic Perspective. John Benjamins Pub. Co..
    This volume provides a significant contribution within the emerging field of semantic typology, and will be of interest to researchers interested in the language-cognition interface, including linguists, psychologists, anthropologists, and ...
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  7.  15
    Gabriele Diewald & Elena Smirnova (eds.) (2010). Linguistic Realization of Evidentiality in European Languages. De Gruyter Mouton.
    This volume contains a selection of contributions to the workshop 'Linguistic realization of evidentiality in European languages', held at the 30th Annual ...
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  8.  2
    Doris L. Payne (1990). The Pragmatics of Word Order: Typological Dimensions of Verb Initial Languages. Mouton De Gruyter.
    Chapter One Introduction Located in northeastern Peru, Yagua comes from an area of the world which has to date figured little in formulations of linguistic ...
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  9.  34
    Brigitte L. M. Bauer (1995). The Emergence and Development of Svo Patterning in Latin and French: Diachronic and Psycholinguistic Perspectives. Oxford University Press.
    This book analyzes--in terms of branching--the pervasive reorganization of Latin syntactic and morphological structures: in the development from Latin to French, a shift can be observed from the archaic, left-branching structures (which Latin inherited from Proto-Indo-European) to modern right-branching equivalents. Brigitte Bauer presents a detailed analysis of this development based on the theoretical discussion and definition of "branching" and "head." Subsequently she relates the diachronic shift to psycholinguistic evidence, arguing that the difficuly of LB complex structures as reflected in their (...)
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  10.  10
    John Haiman & Pamela Munro (eds.) (1983). Switch-Reference and Universal Grammar: Proceedings of a Symposium on Switch Reference and Universal Grammar, Winnipeg, May 1981. J. Benjamins Pub. Co..
    The contributions to this volume are concerned with questions of form, function, and genesis of canonical switch-reference systems.
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  11. Zvi Penner (1988). The Grammar of the Nominal Sentence: A Government-Binding Approach. Universitaet Bern, Institut Für Sprachwissenschaft.
  12. R. M. W. Dixon & Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald (eds.) (2006). Complementation: A Cross-Linguistic Typology. Oxford University Press Uk.
    A complement clause is used instead of a noun phrase; for example one can say either I heard [the result] or I heard [that England beat France]. Languages differ in the grammatical properties of complement clauses, and the types of verbs which take them. Some languages lack a complement clause construction but instead employ other construction types to achieve similar ends; these are called complementation strategies. The book explores the variety of types of complementation found across the languages of the (...)
     
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  13. Frederick J. Newmeyer (2005). Possible and Probable Languages: A Generative Perspective on Linguistic Typology. Oxford University Press Uk.
    In this important and pioneering book Frederick Newmeyer takes on the question of language variety. He considers why some language types are impossible and why some grammatical features are more common than others. The task of trying to explain typological variation among languages has been mainly undertaken by functionally-oriented linguists. Generative grammarians entering the field of typology in the 1980s put forward the idea that cross-linguistic differences could be explained by linguistic parameters within Universal Grammar, whose operation might vary (...)
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  14. Masayoshi Shibatani & Theodora Bynon (eds.) (1999). Approaches to Language Typology. Oxford University Press Uk.
    What do all languages have in common, and what gives each language its individuality? Language typology, which has developed in response to these fundamental questions, is concerned with the construction of theoretical frameworks capable of delimiting the range of possible human languages and of capturing constraints on cross-linguistic variation. Language typology is a major concern of all contemporary schools of linguistics, yet a coherent image of the field is difficult to form because of the diversity of theoretical orientations (...)
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  15.  40
    Johanna Seibt (2004). Free Process Theory: Towards a Typology of Occurrings. [REVIEW] Axiomathes 14 (1-3):23-55.
    The paper presents some essential heuristic and constructional elements of Free Process Theory (FPT), a non-Whiteheadian, monocategoreal framework. I begin with an analysis of our common sense concept of activities, which plays a crucial heuristic role in the development of the notion of a free process. I argue that an activity is not a type but a mode of occurrence, defined in terms of a network of inferences. The inferential space characterizing our concept of an activity entails that anything which (...)
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  16.  29
    Irene Pollach (2005). A Typology of Communicative Strategies in Online Privacy Policies: Ethics, Power and Informed Consent. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 62 (3):221 - 235.
    The opaque use of data collection methods on the WWW has given rise to privacy concerns among Internet users. Privacy policies on websites may ease these concerns, if they communicate clearly and unequivocally when, how and for what purpose data are collected, used or shared. This paper examines privacy policies from a linguistic angle to determine whether the language of these documents is adequate for communicating data-handling practices in a manner that enables informed consent on the part of the user. (...)
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  17. Albert Rijksbaron (1989). Aristotle, Verb Meaning and Functional Grammar: Towards a New Typology of States of Affairs: With an Appendix on Aristotle's Distinction Between Kinesis and Energeia. Gieben.
     
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  18. Yoshikata Shibuya & Kim Ebensgaard Jensen (2016). Raffaele Simone and Francesca Masini: Word Classes: Nature, Typology and Representations. Cognitive Linguistics 27 (2):289-297.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Cognitive Linguistics Jahrgang: 27 Heft: 2 Seiten: 289-297.
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  19.  76
    Nicholas Asher (1987). A Typology for Attitude Verbs and Their Anaphoric Properties. Linguistics and Philosophy 10 (2):125--197.
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  20.  59
    Galit Weidman Sassoon (2010). Measurement Theory in Linguistics. Synthese 174 (1):151 - 180.
    This paper presents a novel semantic analysis of unit names (like pound and meter ) and gradable adjectives (like tall, short and happy ), inspired by measurement theory (Krantz et al. In Foundations of measurement: Additive and Polynomial Representations, 1971). Based on measurement theory’s four-way typology of measures, I claim that different adjectives are associated with different types of measures whose special characteristics, together with features of the relations denoted by unit names, explain the puzzling limited distribution of measure (...)
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  21.  5
    Ryan Spring & Kaoru Horie (2013). How Cognitive Typology Affects Second Language Acquisition: A Study of Japanese and Chinese Learners of English. Cognitive Linguistics 24 (4):689-710.
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  22.  6
    Alice Carmichael Harris & Zheng Xu (forthcoming). Diachronic Morphological Typology. Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics.
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  23.  15
    Katrin Tent (1990). The Application of Montague Translations in Universal Research and Typology. Linguistics and Philosophy 13 (6):661 - 686.
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  24. Walter Bisang (2006). Contact-Induced Convergence: Typology and Areality. In Keith Brown (ed.), Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Elsevier 3--88.
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  25. Juliette Blevins (2006). Syllable: Typology. In Keith Brown (ed.), Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Elsevier 2--333.
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  26. Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald (2000). Classifiers: A Typology of Noun Categorization Devices. Oxford University Press Uk.
    'This study is extremely authoritative and up-to-date... This book has much to offer linguists motivated by any one of several primary interests, particularly universals and the connection between language and cognition' -Journal of Linguistics 'Aikhenvald displays the rare gift of being able to inspire interest in new research through the success of her own results, without stifling those future possibilities through undue certitude in having discovered all of the answers already. The best thing about this very excellent book is precisely (...)
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  27.  53
    Paul Smolensky, Emmanuel Dupoux, Nicholas Evans & Stephen C. Levinson (2009). Universals in Cognitive Theories of Language. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (5):468.
    Generative linguistics' search for linguistic universals (1) is not comparable to the vague explanatory suggestions of the article; (2) clearly merits a more central place than linguistic typology in cognitive science; (3) is fundamentally untouched by the article's empirical arguments; (4) best explains the important facts of linguistic diversity; and (5) illuminates the dominant component of language's nature: biology.
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  28. Sergeiy Sandler, Language as Literature: Characters in Everyday Spoken Discourse.
    There are several linguistic phenomena that, when examined closely, give evidence that people speak through characters, much like authors of literary works do, in everyday discourse. However, most approaches in linguistics and in the philosophy of language leave little theoretical room for the appearance of characters in discourse. In particular, there is no linguistic criterion found to date, which can mark precisely what stretch of discourse within an utterance belongs to a character, and to which character. And yet, without at (...)
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  29.  8
    D. F. Farkas (2002). Specificity Distinctions. Journal of Semantics 19 (3):213-243.
    The notion of specificity in linguistics is notoriously non‐specific. We consider here various distinctions within the realm of noun phrase semantics that are relevant to specificity. The common thread uniting these distinctions is the notion of variation in value assignments for the variable introduced by the noun phrase. The distinctions concern the nature of the variation involved. The first part of the paper (section 2) is devoted to the definite/indefinite divide and proposes a dynamic parameter of ‘determinacy of reference’ which (...)
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  30.  30
    Vincent W. J. Van Gerven Oei (2012). Cumposition: Theses on Philosophy's Etymology. Continent 2 (1).
    continent. 2.1 (2012): 44–55. Philosophers are sperm, poetry erupts sperm and dribbles, philosopher recodes term, to terminate, —A. Staley Groves 1 There is, in the relation of human languages to that of things, something that can be approximately described as “overnaming”—the deepest linguistic reason for all melancholy and (from the point of view of the thing) for all deliberate muteness. Overnaming as the linguistic being of melancholy points to another curious relation of language: the overprecision that obtains in the tragic (...)
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  31.  16
    Tom Eyers, Jacques Lacan and the Concept of the 'Real'.
    This thesis proposes a new philosophical reading of the work of the French psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan. In particular, it is argued that it is Lacan's concept of the 'Real', one ofhis three registers of the Real, Symbolic and the Imaginary, that provides the crucial conceptual horizon for La can' s work, early and late, against those who would locate the emergence of the centrality of the Real only late in Lacan's teaching. The thesis sets out to establish the conceptual genesis (...)
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  32.  14
    Barry Smith (1995). On Drawing Lines on a Map. Spatial Information Theory:475–484.
    The paper is an exercise in descriptive ontology, with specific applications to problems in the geographical sphere. It presents a general typology of spatial boundaries, based in particular on an opposition between bona fide or physical boundaries on the one hand, and fiat or human-demarcation-induced boundaries on the other. Cross-cutting this opposition are further oppositions in the realm of boundaries, for example between: crisp and indeterminate, complete and incomplete, enduring and transient, symmetrical and asymmetrical. The resulting typology generates (...)
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  33.  6
    Elena María Muñoz Calvo & Muñoz Muñoz (2013). Reading comprehension of scientific texts in the teaching-learning process. Humanidades Médicas 13 (3):772-804.
    El desarrollo de habilidades lectoras y el conocimiento de elementos teóricos para la comprensión de los textos científicos es una necesidad en la formación de todo profesional. Para que los futuros egresados puedan comprender esta tipología textual es necesario que cada docente, desde las diferentes asignaturas del currículo escolar, le ofrezcan las herramientas necesarias para interactuar con estos. Por tal motivo este trabajo tiene como objetivo realizar una revisión bibliográfica de los aspectos esenciales acerca de la comprensión lectora y en (...)
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  34. Ramon Harvey (2016). The Preferences of Al-Kisāʾī : Grammar and Meaning in a Canonical Reading of the Qur’An. International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 29 (2):313-332.
    The Qur’an has been transmitted as both a written text and an oral recital. This has led to the development of a reading tradition that permits numerous different vocalisations to be made upon the basic skeletal text of the established ʿUthmānī codex. Ibn al-Jazarī chose ten early readers whom he felt were most representative of this tradition and whose readings are treated as canonical up until this day. One of these, the Kufan linguist al-Kisāʾī has been characterised in the literature (...)
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  35. David I. Beaver (2008). Sense and Sensitivity: How Focus Determines Meaning. Blackwell Pub..
    Sense and Sensitivity explores the semantics and pragmatics of focus in natural language discourse, advancing a new account of focus sensitivity which posits a three-way distinction between different effects of focus. Makes a valuable contribution to the ongoing research in the field of focus sensitivity Discusses the features of QFC, an original theory of focus implying a new typology of focus-sensitive expressions Presents novel cross-linguistic data on focus and focus sensitivity Concludes with a case study of exclusives (like “only”), (...)
     
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  36.  23
    Anna Szabolcsi, James Doh Whang & Vera Zu (2014). Quantifier Words and Their Multifunctional(?) Parts. Language and Linguistics 15 (1).
    Formal semantic analyses often take words to be minimal building blocks for the purposes of compositionality. But various recent theories of morphology and syntax have converged on the view that there is no demarcation line corresponding to the word level. The same conclusion has emerged from the compositional semantics of superlatives. In the spirit of extending compositionality below the word level, this paper explores how a small set of particles (Japanese KA and MO, Chinese DOU, and Hungarian VALA/VAGY, MIND, and (...)
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  37.  12
    Steven T. Piantadosi & Edward Gibson (2014). Quantitative Standards for Absolute Linguistic Universals. Cognitive Science 38 (4):736-756.
    Absolute linguistic universals are often justified by cross-linguistic analysis: If all observed languages exhibit a property, the property is taken to be a likely universal, perhaps specified in the cognitive or linguistic systems of language learners and users. In many cases, these patterns are then taken to motivate linguistic theory. Here, we show that cross-linguistic analysis will very rarely be able to statistically justify absolute, inviolable patterns in language. We formalize two statistical methods—frequentist and Bayesian—and show that in both it (...)
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  38.  27
    Erik Christensen (2004). Overt and Hidden Processes in 20th Century Music. Axiomathes 14 (1-3):97-117.
    For the purpose of contributing to a clarification of the term process, different kinds of musical processes are investigated: A rule-determined phase shifting process in Steve Reich's Piano Phase (1966), a model for an indeterminate composition process in John Cage's Variations II (1961), a number of evolution processes in György Ligeti's In zart fliessender Bewegung (1976), and a generative process of fractal nature in Per Nørgård's Second Symphony (1970). In conclusion I propose that six process categories should be included in (...)
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  39.  28
    Adrian Brasoveanu (2011). Sentence-Internal Different as Quantifier-Internal Anaphora. Linguistics and Philosophy 34 (2):93-168.
    The paper proposes the first unified account of deictic/sentence-external and sentence-internal readings of singular different . The empirical motivation for such an account is provided by a cross-linguistic survey and an analysis of the differences in distribution and interpretation between singular different , plural different and same (singular or plural) in English. The main proposal is that distributive quantification temporarily makes available two discourse referents within its nuclear scope, the values of which are required by sentence-internal uses of singular different (...)
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  40.  33
    Daphna Heller & Lynsey Wolter (2011). On Identification and Transworld Identity in Natural Language: The Case of -Ever Free Relatives. [REVIEW] Linguistics and Philosophy 34 (2):169-199.
    An -ever free relative is felicitous only when the speaker doesn’t know, or doesn’t care about, the identity of the entity denoted. In this paper we investigate what it means to identify an entity by examining the non-identification condition on -ever free relatives. Following Dayal (In A. Lawson (Ed.), Proceedings of SALT VII, 1997 ), we analyze -ever free relatives as definites with a modal dimension. We show that the variation in the identity of the entity across the possible worlds (...)
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  41.  8
    Anamaria Fălăuş (2014). Free Choice of Alternatives. Linguistics and Philosophy 37 (2):121-173.
    This paper contributes to the semantic typology of dependent indefinites, by accounting for the distribution and interpretation of the Romanian indefinite vreun. It is shown that its occurrences are restricted to negative polarity and a subset of modal contexts. More specifically, the study of its behavior in intensional environments reveals that vreun is systematically incompatible with non-epistemic operators, a restriction we capture by proposing a novel empirical generalization (‘the epistemic constraint’). To account for the observed pattern, we adopt the (...)
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  42.  6
    Younghee Na & G. J. Huck (1993). On the Status of Certain Island Violations in Korean. Linguistics and Philosophy 16 (2):181 - 229.
    We have demonstrated in this study that the island phenomena exhibited in Korean complex constructions, such as they are, follow from the strict application of the Argument Condition to the semantic interpretations of those constructions — and not from formal restrictions on the location of the antecedents of gaps. The AC was shown to entail a kind of subjaceny restriction, although it is immaterial to the AC whether a particular gap is locally bound in a clause as long as the (...)
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