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U. Schild [4]Uri Schild [2]Ulrike Schild [1]Uri J. Schild [1]
  1. Ulrike Schild, Angelika B. C. Becker & Claudia K. Friedrich (2014). Processing of Syllable Stress is Functionally Different From Phoneme Processing and Does Not Profit From Literacy Acquisition. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  2. M. Abraham, D. M. Gabbay & U. Schild (2012). Contrary to Time Conditionals in Talmudic Logic. Artificial Intelligence and Law 20 (2):145-179.
    We consider conditionals of the form A ⇒ B where A depends on the future and B on the present and past. We examine models for such conditional arising in Talmudic legal cases. We call such conditionals contrary to time conditionals.Three main aspects will be investigated: Inverse causality from future to past, where a future condition can influence a legal event in the past (this is a man made causality).Comparison with similar features in modern law.New types of temporal logics arising (...)
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  3. M. Abraham, D. M. Gabbay & U. Schild (2011). Obligations and Prohibitions in Talmudic Deontic Logic. Artificial Intelligence and Law 19 (2-3):117-148.
    This paper examines the deontic logic of the Talmud. We shall find, by looking at examples, that at first approximation we need deontic logic with several connectives: O T A Talmudic obligation F T A Talmudic prohibition F D A Standard deontic prohibition O D A Standard deontic obligation. In classical logic one would have expected that deontic obligation O D is definable by $O_DA \equiv F_D\neg A$ and that O T and F T are connected by $O_TA \equiv F_T\neg (...)
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  4. Michael Abraham, Dov M. Gabbay, Gabriel Hazut, Yosef E. Maruvka & Uri Schild (2011). Logical Analysis of the Talmudic Rules of General and Specific (Klalim-U-Pratim). History and Philosophy of Logic 32 (1):47-62.
    This article deals with a set-theoretic interpretation of the Talmudic rules of General and Specific, known as Klal and Prat (KP), Prat and Klal (PK), Klal and Prat and Klal (KPK) and Prat and Klal and Prat (PKP).
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  5. M. Abraham, Dov M. Gabbay & U. Schild (2009). Analysis of the Talmudic Argumentum a Fortiori Inference Rule (Kal Vachomer) Using Matrix Abduction. Studia Logica 92 (3):281 - 364.
    We motivate and introduce a new method of abduction, Matrix Abduction, and apply it to modelling the use of non-deductive inferences in the Talmud such as Analogy and the rule of Argumentum A Fortiori. Given a matrix with entries in {0, 1}, we allow for one or more blank squares in the matrix, say a i , j =?. The method allows us to decide whether to declare a i , j = 0 or a i , j = 1 (...)
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  6. Ruth Kannai, Uri Schild & John Zeleznikow (2007). Modeling the Evolution of Legal Discretion. An Artificial Intelligence Approach. Ratio Juris 20 (4):530-558.
  7. Uri J. Schild & Ruth Kannai (2005). Intelligent Computer Evaluation of Offender's Previous Record. Artificial Intelligence and Law 13 (3-4):373-405.
    This paper considers the problem of how to evaluate an offender’s criminal record. This evaluation is part of the sentencing process carried out by a judge, and may be complicated in the case of offenders with a heavy record. We give a comprehensive overview of the approach to an offender’s past record in various (Western) countries, considering the two major approaches: desert-based and utilitarian. The paper describes the determination of the parameters involved in the evaluation, and the construction of a (...)
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  8. U. Schild (1998). Decision Support for Criminal Sentencing. Artificial Intelligence and Law 6 (4):151-202.
     
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