Search results for 'Understanding others' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Order:
  1. Shaun Gallagher & Daniel D. Hutto (2008). Understanding Others Through Primary Interaction and Narrative Practice. In J. Zlatev, T. Racine, C. Sinha & E. Itkonen (eds.), The Shared Mind: Perspectives on Intersubjectivity. John Benjamins 17–38.
    We argue that theory-of-mind (ToM) approaches, such as “theory theory” and “simulation theory”, are both problematic and not needed. They account for neither our primary and pervasive way of engaging with others nor the true basis of our folk psychological understanding, even when narrowly construed. Developmental evidence shows that young infants are capable of grasping the purposeful intentions of others through the perception of bodily movements, gestures, facial expressions etc. Trevarthen’s notion of primary intersubjectivity can provide a (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   50 citations  
  2.  7
    Constantine Sandis (2015). “If Some People Looked Like Elephants and Others Like Cats”: Wittgenstein on Understanding Others and Forms of Life. Nordic Wittgenstein Review 4:131-153.
    This essay introduces a tension between the public Wittgenstein’s optimism about knowledge of other minds and the private Wittgenstein’s pessimism about understanding others. There are three related reasons which render the tension unproblematic. First, the barriers he sought to destroy were metaphysical ones, whereas those he struggled to overcome were psychological. Second, Wittgenstein’s official view is chiefly about knowledge while the unofficial one is about understanding. Last, Wittgenstein’s official remarks on understanding themselves fall into two distinct (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3.  13
    Anna Wierzbicka (2012). Understanding Others Requires Shared Concepts. Pragmatics and Cognition 20 (2):356-379.
    “It is a noble task to try to understand others, and to have them understand you (…) but it is never an easy one“, says Everett (p. 327). This paper argues that a basic prerequisite for understanding others (and also for having them understand you) is to have some shared concepts on which this understanding can build. If speakers of different languages didn't share some concepts to begin with then cross-cultural understanding would not be possible (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4.  9
    Guiseppina D'Oro (2013). Understanding Others: Cultural Anthropology with Collingwood and Quine. Journal of the Philosophy of History 7 (3):326-345.
    On one meaning of the term “historicism” to be a historicist is to be committed to the claim that the human sciences have a methodology of their own that is distinct in kind and not only in degree from that of the natural sciences. In this sense of the term Collingwood certainly was a historicist, for he defended the view that history is an autonomous discipline with a distinctive method and subject matter against the claim for methodological unity in the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5. Giacomo Rizzolatti & Maddalena Fabbri-Destro (2013). The Mirror Mechanism: Understanding Others From the Inside. In Simon Baron-Cohen, Michael Lombardo & Helen Tager-Flusberg (eds.), Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives From Developmental Social Neuroscience. OUP Oxford 264.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6.  4
    Douglas Hollan (2008). Being There: On the Imaginative Aspects of Understanding Others and Being Understood. Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 36 (4):475-489.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  7. Douglas Hollan (2008). Being There: On the Imaginative Aspects of Understanding Others and Being Understood. Ethos 36 (4):475-489.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  8.  8
    Giuseppina D'Oro (2013). Understanding Others: Cultural Anthropology with Collingwood and Quine. Journal of the Philosophy of History 7 (3):326-345.
  9.  2
    Daniel L. Everett (2012). Understanding Others Requires Adaptive Thinking: Response to Wierzbicka. Pragmatics and Cognition 20 (2):417-428.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10. Daniel L. Everett (2012). Understanding Others Requires Adaptive Thinking: Response to Wierzbicka. Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 20 (2):417-428.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11. Susumu Shimazono (2006). Violence and the Position of Understanding Others: The Transformation of Religious Studies After the Aum Shinrikyo Affair. Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 79 (4):966-967.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12. Anna Wierzbicka (2012). Understanding Others Requires Shared Concepts. Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 20 (2):356-379.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13. A. F. Kramer, M. G. H. Coles, G. D. Logan, G. Underwood & V. Batt (1996). ISBN 3 7643 5322 8 Green DW and Others Cognitive Science: An Introduction Blackwell, Oxford, 1996, 416 Pages,£ 15.99 Paper (US $25.58) ISBN 0631 19861X Hampson PJ, Morris PE Understanding Cognition Blackwell, Oxford, 1996, 399 Pages,£ 13.99 Paper (US $22.38) ISBN 0 631157514. [REVIEW] In Enrique Villanueva (ed.), Perception. Ridgeview 375-376.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14.  16
    Luca Bonini, Pier Francesco Ferrari & Leonardo Fogassi (2013). Neurophysiological Bases Underlying the Organization of Intentional Actions and the Understanding of Others' Intention. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (3):1095-1104.
  15.  10
    Wilco W. van Dijk, Jaap W. Ouwerkerk, Yoka M. Wesseling & Guido M. van Koningsbruggen (2011). Towards Understanding Pleasure at the Misfortunes of Others: The Impact of Self-Evaluation Threat on Schadenfreude. Cognition and Emotion 25 (2):360-368.
  16.  4
    Brian Phillips (2007). Nursing Care and Understanding the Experiences of Others: A Gadamerian Perspective. Nursing Inquiry 14 (1):89-94.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  17. Alison Gopnik & Andrew N. Meltzoff (1994). Minds, Bodies, and Persons: Young Children's Understanding of the Self and Others as Reflected in Imitation and Theory of Mind Research. In S. T. Parker, R. Mitchell & M. L. Boccia (eds.), Self-Awareness in Animals and Humans: Developmental Perspectives. Cambridge University Press
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  18.  1
    Barbara Beierl (2014). An Intercultural Understanding of How We Imagine Nonhuman Animal Others. Society and Animals 22 (5):537-540.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19.  4
    Gordon B. Moskowitz (2012). W Hat is a Goal? How Do People Pursue Goals? The Answers to These Questions May Seem Obvious Because People Have a Lifetime of Experience at Setting Goals, Pursuing Goals, Disengaging From Some Goals, and Attaining Others. One's History of Experience with Goals, However, Does Not Mean That One has an Accurate Understanding of Where Goals Come From, How the Mind Represents Them, or How One Goes About Pursuing the Aims That Are so Central to One's Sense of Personal Fulfillment. In Henk Aarts & Andrew J. Elliot (eds.), Goal-Directed Behavior. Psychology Press
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20.  1
    Kirsten A. Deconti & Donald J. Dickerson (1994). Preschool Children's Understanding of the Situational Determinants of Others' Emotions. Cognition and Emotion 8 (5):453-472.
  21.  1
    Petra Hauf & Wolfgang Prinz (2005). The Understanding of Own and Others' Actions During Infancy:“You-Like-Me” or “Me-Like-You”? Interaction Studies 6 (3):429-445.
  22.  12
    James Winchester (2000). Understanding Aesthetic Judgments Across Cultural Borders: Bell Hooks, Kant, and Cornel West and the Understanding of Aesthetic Judgments of Others. Southern Journal of Philosophy 38 (3):499-525.
  23.  3
    Mary Gauvain (2005). What Are the Consequences of Understanding the Complex Goal-Directed Actions of Others? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (5):700-701.
    Four issues that build on the ideas offered by Tomasello et al. are discussed: the developmental course of shared intentionality and its relation to other developing abilities and experiences, and the conceptualization of three key features of the process: motivation, plans and the development of planning, and culture.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24. Alex Alvergne (2011). Mothers and Others: The Evolutionary Origins of Mutual Understanding. By Sarah Blaffer Hrdy. Pp. 422. (Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, USA, 2009.) £19.95, ISBN 978-0-674-03299-6, Hardback. [REVIEW] Journal of Biosocial Science 43 (4):509-511.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25. Bernadette Hannigan (1996). Death Hath ten Thousand Several Doors, Some More Open Than Others. Understanding Ageing . Cambridge University Press. 207pp. £35 , £14.95 . ISBN 0-521-417880 , 0-521-48702-2 . The CD4 Molecule. Roles in T-Ly. [REVIEW] Bioessays 18 (10):853-853.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26. Petra Hauf & Wolfgang Prinz (2005). The Understanding of Own and Others’ Actions During Infancy: “You-Like-Me” or “Me-Like-You”? Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 6 (3):429-445.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27. Petrus Ramus, R. & Aristotle (1651). A Compendium of the Art of Logick and Rhetorick in the English Tongue. Containing All That Peter Ramus, Aristotle, and Others Have Writ Thereon: With Plaine Directions for the More Easie Understanding and Practice of the Same. Printed by Thomas Maxey.
  28. Humio Takizawa (1993). Understanding for Cooperation with Others in Playing Sport. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport and Physical Education 15 (1):39-47.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29. Margaret Whitehead (2010). Physical Literacy, the Sense of Self, Relationships with Others and the Place of Knowledge and Understanding in the Concept. In Physical Literacy: Throughout the Lifecourse. Routledge
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30. Carol M. Worthman (2010). Mothers and Others: The Evolutionary Origins of Mutual Understanding. Sarah Blaffer Hrdy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 2009. X+422pp. [REVIEW] Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 38 (4):1-3.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31. Carol M. Worthman (2010). Mothers and Others: The Evolutionary Origins of Mutual Understanding. Sarah Blaffer Hrdy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 2009. X+422pp. [REVIEW] Ethos 38 (4):1-3.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32.  87
    Shaun Nichols & Stephen P. Stich (2003). Mindreading. An Integrated Account of Pretence, Self-Awareness, and Understanding Other Minds. Oxford University Press.
    The everyday capacity to understand the mind, or 'mindreading', plays an enormous role in our ordinary lives. Shaun Nichols and Stephen Stich provide a detailed and integrated account of the intricate web of mental components underlying this fascinating and multifarious skill. The imagination, they argue, is essential to understanding others, and there are special cognitive mechanisms for understanding oneself. The account that emerges has broad implications for longstanding philosophical debates over the status of folk psychology. Mindreading is (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   149 citations  
  33. Jordan Dodd (2014). Realism and Anti-Realism About Experiences of Understanding. Philosophical Studies 168 (3):745-767.
    Strawson (1994) and Peacocke (1992) introduced thought experiments that show that it seems intuitive that there is, in some way, an experiential character to mental events of understanding. Some (e.g., Siewert 1998, 2011; Pitt 2004) try to explain these intuitions by saying that just as we have, say, headache experiences and visual experiences of blueness, so too we have experiences of understanding. Others (e.g., Prinz 2006, 2011; Tye 1996) propose that these intuitions can be explained without positing (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  34.  64
    Michael Tomasello, Malinda Carpenter, Josep Call, Tanya Behne & Henrike Moll (2005). Understanding and Sharing Intentions: The Origins of Cultural Cognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (5):675-691.
    We propose that the crucial difference between human cognition and that of other species is the ability to participate with others in collaborative activities with shared goals and intentions: shared intentionality. Participation in such activities requires not only especially powerful forms of intention reading and cultural learning, but also a unique motivation to share psychological states with others and unique forms of cognitive representation for doing so. The result of participating in these activities is species-unique forms of cultural (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   153 citations  
  35.  41
    Daniel A. Wilkenfeld, Dillon Plunkett & Tania Lombrozo (2016). Depth and Deference: When and Why We Attribute Understanding. Philosophical Studies 173 (2):373-393.
    Four experiments investigate the folk concept of “understanding,” in particular when and why it is deployed differently from the concept of knowledge. We argue for the positions that people have higher demands with respect to explanatory depth when it comes to attributing understanding, and that this is true, in part, because understanding attributions play a functional role in identifying experts who should be heeded with respect to the general field in question. These claims are (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  36.  26
    John Michael (2014). Towards a Consensus About the Role of Empathy in Interpersonal Understanding. Topoi 33 (1):157-172.
    In recent years, there has been a great deal of controversy in the philosophy of mind, developmental psychology and cognitive neuroscience both about how to conceptualize empathy and about the connections between empathy and interpersonal understanding. Ideally, we would first establish a consensus about how to conceptualize empathy, and then analyze the potential contribution of empathy to interpersonal understanding. However, it is not at all clear that such a consensus will soon be forthcoming, given that different people have (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  37.  62
    Kevin Morris (2012). A Defense of Lucky Understanding. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 63 (2):357-371.
    It is plausible to think that the epistemic benefit of having an explanation is understanding. My focus in this article is on the extent to which explanatory understanding, perhaps unlike knowledge, is compatible with certain forms of luck—the extent to which one can understand why something is the case when one is lucky to truly believe an explanatorily relevant proposition. I argue, contra Stephen Grimm ([2006]) and Duncan Pritchard ([2008], [2009]), that understanding quite generally is compatible with (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  38. Peter J. Markie (2013). Rational Intuition and Understanding. Philosophical Studies 163 (1):271-290.
    Rational intuitions involve a particular form of understanding that gives them a special epistemic status. This form of understanding and its epistemic efficacy are not explained by several current theories of rational intuition, including Phenomenal Conservatism (Huemer, Skepticism and the veil of perception, 2001 ; Ethical intuitionism, 2005 ; Philos Phenomenol Res 74:30–55, 2007 ), Proper Functionalism (Plantinga, Warrant and proper function, 1993 ), the Competency Theory (Bealer Pac Philos Q 81:1–30, 2000 ; Sosa, A virtue epistemology, 2007 (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  39.  43
    Steffen Ducheyne (2009). Understanding (in) Newton's Argument for Universal Gravitation. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 40 (2):227 - 258.
    In this essay, I attempt to assess Henk de Regt and Dennis Dieks recent pragmatic and contextual account of scientific understanding on the basis of an important historical case-study: understanding in Newton’s theory of universal gravitation and Huygens’ reception of universal gravitation. It will be shown that de Regt and Dieks’ Criterion for the Intelligibility of a Theory (CIT), which stipulates that the appropriate combination of scientists’ skills and intelligibility-enhancing theoretical virtues is a condition for scientific understanding, (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  40.  26
    Corrado Sinigaglia & Giacomo Rizzolatti (2011). Through the Looking Glass: Self and Others. Cosciousness and Cognition 20 (1):64-74.
    In the present article we discuss the relevance of the mirror mechanism for our sense of self and our sense of others. We argue that, by providing us with an understanding from the inside of actions, the mirror mechanism radically challenges the traditional view of the self and of the others. Indeed, this mechanism not only reveals the common ground on the basis of which we become aware of ourselves as selves distinct from other selves, but also (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  41. Barry C. Smith (2006). Publicity, Externalism and Inner States. In Tomáš Marvan (ed.), What Determines Content?: The Internalism/Externalism Dispute. Cambridge Scholars Press
    The critic Cyril Connolly once pointed out that diarists don’t make novelists. He went on to describe the problem for the would-be writer. “Writing for oneself: no public. Writing for others: no privacy” (Cyril Connolly, Journal). This paper addresses Connolly's worry about the public ad private: how can we reconcile the inner and conscious dimension of speech with its outer and public dimension? For if what people mean by their words involves, or consists in, what they have in mind (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  42.  9
    G. Rusch (2007). Understanding. The Mutual Regulation of Cognition and Culture. Constructivist Foundations 2 (2-3):118-128.
    Purpose: Demonstrate that cognitive and social approaches towards understanding do not at all oppose but rather they complement each other. Constructivist concepts of understanding paved the way to conceive of understanding as a cognitive-social "mechanism" which mutually regulates processes of social structuration and, at the same time, cognitive constructions and processing. Findings: Constructivist approaches bridge the gap between the cognitive and the social faces of understanding. They demonstrate how comprehension and cultivation, cognition and cultural reproduction are (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43.  12
    Clarence W. Joldersma (2011). Education: Understanding, Ethics, and the Call of Justice. Studies in Philosophy and Education 30 (5):441-447.
    Education is interpreted as something basic to our humanity. As part of our primordial way of being human, education is intrinsic to the understanding’s functioning. At the same time education involves an originary ethical relation to the other, unsettling the self-directed character of the striving to live. And because of its social setting, the call of many others, education orients one to the social, to the call of justice.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44.  16
    Michael Strevens (forthcoming). How Idealizations Provide Understanding. In Stephen Grimm, Christoph Baumberger & Sabine Ammon (eds.), Explaining Understanding: New Essays in Epistemology and the Philosophy of Science. Routledge
    How can a model that stops short of representing the whole truth about the causal production of a phenomenon help us to understand the phenomenon? I answer this question from the perspective of what I call the simple view of understanding, on which to understand a phenomenon is to grasp a correct explanation of the phenomenon. Idealizations, I have argued in previous work, flag factors that are casually relevant but explanatorily irrelevant to the phenomena to be explained. Though useful (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45.  92
    Albert Newen & Tobias Schlicht (2009). Understanding Other Minds: A Criticism of Goldman's Simulation Theory and an Outline of the Person Model Theory. Grazer Philosophische Studien 79 (1):209-242.
    What exactly do we do when we try to make sense of other people e.g. by ascribing mental states like beliefs and desires to them? After a short criticism of Theory-Theory, Interaction Theory and the Narrative Theory of understanding others as well as an extended criticism of the Simulation Theory in Goldman's recent version (2006), we suggest an alternative approach: the Person Model Theory . Person models are the basis for our ability to register and evaluate persons having (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  46.  75
    Jeremy I. M. Carpendale & Charlie Lewis (2004). Constructing an Understanding of Mind: The Development of Children's Social Understanding Within Social Interaction. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (1):79-96.
    Theories of children's developing understanding of mind tend to emphasize either individualistic processes of theory formation, maturation, or introspection, or the process of enculturation. However, such theories must be able to account for the accumulating evidence of the role of social interaction in the development of social understanding. We propose an alternative account, according to which the development of children's social understanding occurs within triadic interaction involving the child's experience of the world as well as (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   25 citations  
  47. Shaun Gallagher (2004). Understanding Interpersonal Problems in Autism. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 11 (3):199-217.
    A BSTRACT: I argue that theory theory approaches to autism offer a wholly inadequate explanation of autistic symptoms because they offer a wholly inadequate account of the non-autistic understanding of others. As an alternative I outline interaction theory, which incorporates evidence from both developmental and phenomenological studies to show that humans are endowed with important capacities for intersubjective understanding from birth or early infancy. As part of a neurophenomenological analysis of autism, interaction theory offers an account of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   18 citations  
  48.  48
    F. G. Miller & H. Brody (2011). Understanding and Harnessing Placebo Effects: Clearing Away the Underbrush. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (1):69-78.
    Despite strong growth in scientific investigation of the placebo effect, understanding of this phenomenon remains deeply confused. We investigate critically seven common conceptual distinctions that impede clear understanding of the placebo effect: (1) verum/placebo, (2) active/inactive, (3) signal/noise, (4) specific/nonspecific, (5) objective/subjective, (6) disease/illness, and (7) intervention/context. We argue that some of these should be eliminated entirely, whereas others must be used with caution to avoid bias. Clearing away the conceptual underbrush is needed to lay down a (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  49.  11
    Alexis Emanuel Gros (2014). Towards a Moderate Direct Perception Theory: Alfred Schutz’s Phenomenological Theory of Interpersonal Understanding in the Light of the Contemporary Debate on Social Cognition. Schutzian Research 6:75-91.
    In this paper, I intend to show the relevance of Schutz’s account of interpersonal understanding within the context of the contemporary social cognition debate. Currently, the research on the nature of everyday interpersonal understanding is taking place almost exclusively within the field of interdisciplinary cognitive science. Generally speaking, since the mid-nineties the so-called social cognition debate is dominated by two opposed theoretical outlooks which diverge concerning the ultimate mechanisms responsible for our understanding of Others, namely the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50.  71
    Henk W. de Regt & Wendy S. Parker (2014). Introduction: Simulation, Visualization, and Scientific Understanding. Perspectives on Science 22 (3):311-317.
    Only a decade ago, the topic of scientific understanding remained one that philosophers of science largely avoided. Earlier discussions by Hempel and others had branded scientific understanding a mere subjective state or feeling, one to be studied by psychologists perhaps, but not an important or fruitful focus for philosophers of science. Even as scientific explanation became a central topic in philosophy of science, little attention was given to understanding. Over the last decade, however, this situation has (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 1000