Search results for 'Unification' (try it on Scholar)

937 found
Order:
  1. Explanatory Unification (1998). 1. The Decline and Fall of the Covering Law Model. In E. D. Klemke, Robert Hollinger, David Wÿss Rudge & A. David Kline (eds.), Introductory Readings in the Philosophy of Science. Prometheus Books 278.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2. Nicholas Maxwell (2014). Unification and Revolution: A Paradigm for Paradigms. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 45 (1):133-149.
    Incommensurability was Kuhn’s worst mistake. If it is to be found anywhere in science, it would be in physics. But revolutions in theoretical physics all embody theoretical unification. Far from obliterating the idea that there is a persisting theoretical idea in physics, revolutions do just the opposite: they all actually exemplify the persisting idea of underlying unity. Furthermore, persistent acceptance of unifying theories in physics when empirically more successful disunified rivals can always be concocted means that physics makes a (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3.  23
    Silvio Ghilardi (1999). Unification in Intuitionistic Logic. Journal of Symbolic Logic 64 (2):859-880.
    We show that the variety of Heyting algebras has finitary unification type. We also show that the subvariety obtained by adding it De Morgan law is the biggest variety of Heyting algebras having unitary unification type. Proofs make essential use of suitable characterizations (both from the semantic and the syntactic side) of finitely presented projective algebras.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   20 citations  
  4.  18
    Stefan Petkov, Wei Wang & Yi Lei (2016). Explanatory Unification and Natural Selection Explanations. Biology and Philosophy 31 (5):705-725.
    The debate between the dynamical and the statistical interpretations of natural selection is centred on the question of whether all explanations that employ the concepts of natural selection and drift are reducible to causal explanations. The proponents of the statistical interpretation answer negatively, but insist on the fact that selection/drift arguments are explanatory. However, they remain unclear on where the explanatory power comes from. The proponents of the dynamical interpretation answer positively and try to reduce selection/drift arguments to some of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5. Phillip Bricker (1996). Isolation and Unification: The Realist Analysis of Possible Worlds. Philosophical Studies 84 (2-3):225 - 238.
    If realism about possible worlds is to succeed in eliminating primitive modality, it must provide an 'analysis' of possible world: nonmodal criteria for demarcating one world from another. This David Lewis has done. Lewis holds, roughly, that worlds are maximal unified regions of logical space. So far, so good. But what Lewis means by 'unification' is too narrow, I think, in two different ways. First, for Lewis, all worlds are (almost) 'globally' unified: at any world, (almost) every part is (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   10 citations  
  6.  8
    U. Maki (2001). Explanatory Unification: Double and Doubtful. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 31 (4):488-506.
    Explanatory unification—the urge to “explain much by little”—serves as an ideal of theorizing not only in natural sciences but also in the social sciences, most notably in economics. The ideal is occasionally challenged by appealing to the complexity and diversity of social systems and processes in space and time. This article proposes to accommodate such doubts by making a distinction between two kinds of unification and suggesting that while such doubts may be justified in regard to mere derivational (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   11 citations  
  7.  41
    Tim Maudlin (1996). On the Unification of Physics. Journal of Philosophy 93 (3):129-144.
    There are various senses in which a physical theory may be said to "unify" different forces, with the unification being deeper of more shallow in different cases. This paper discusses some of these distinctions.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  8.  52
    Maarten Boudry & Bert Leuridan (2011). Where the Design Argument Goes Wrong: Auxiliary Assumptions and Unification. Philosophy of Science 78 (4):558-578.
    Sober has reconstructed the biological design argument in the framework of likelihoodism, purporting to demonstrate that it is defective for intrinsic reasons. We argue that Sober’s restriction on the introduction of auxiliary hypotheses is too restrictive, as it commits him to rejecting types of everyday reasoning that are clearly valid. Our account shows that the design argument fails, not because it is intrinsically untestable but because it clashes with the empirical evidence and fails to satisfy certain theoretical desiderata (in particular, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  9.  5
    Randall Harp & Kareem Khalifa (2015). Why Pursue Unification? A Social-Epistemological Puzzle. Theoria. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science 30 (3):431-447.
    Many have argued that unified theories ought to be pursued wherever possible. We deny this on the basis of social-epistemological and decision-theoretic considerations. Consequently, those seeking a more ubiquitous role for unification must either attend to the scientific community’s social structure in greater detail than has been the case, and/or radically revise their conception of unification.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10. Daniel Feinstein & Shuly Wintner (2008). Highly Constrained Unification Grammars. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 17 (3):345-381.
    Unification grammars are widely accepted as an expressive means for describing the structure of natural languages. In general, the recognition problem is undecidable for unification grammars. Even with restricted variants of the formalism, off-line parsable grammars, the problem is computationally hard. We present two natural constraints on unification grammars which limit their expressivity and allow for efficient processing. We first show that non-reentrant unification grammars generate exactly the class of context-free languages. We then relax the constraint (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  11.  3
    Wojciech Dzik & Piotr Wojtylak (forthcoming). Modal Consequence Relations Extending $Mathbf{S4.3}$: An Application of Projective Unification. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic.
    We characterize all finitary consequence relations over $\mathbf{S4.3}$, both syntactically, by exhibiting so-called passive rules that extend the given logic, and semantically, by providing suitable strongly adequate classes of algebras. This is achieved by applying an earlier result stating that a modal logic $L$ extending $\mathbf{S4}$ has projective unification if and only if $L$ contains $\mathbf{S4.3}$. In particular, we show that these consequence relations enjoy the strong finite model property, and are finitely based. In this way, we extend the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12.  40
    Anya Plutynski (2005). Explanatory Unification and the Early Synthesis. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 56 (3):595-609.
    The object of this paper is to reply to Morrison's ([2000]) claim that while ‘structural unity’ was achieved at the level of the mathematical models of population genetics in the early synthesis, there was explanatory disunity. I argue to the contrary, that the early synthesis effected by the founders of theoretical population genetics was unifying and explanatory both. Defending this requires a reconsideration of Morrison's notion of explanation. In Morrison's view, all and only answers to ‘why’ questions which include the (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  13.  16
    Kateryna Samoilova (forthcoming). Transparency and Introspective Unification. Synthese:1-19.
    Gareth Evans has observed that one merely needs to ‘look outward’ to discover one’s own beliefs. This observation of what has become known as belief ‘transparency’ has formed a basis for a cluster of views on the nature of introspection. These views may be well suited to account for our introspective access to beliefs, but whether similar transparency-based accounts of our introspective access to mental states other than belief can be given is not obvious. The question of whether a transparency-based (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14.  11
    Randall Harp & Kareem Khalifa (2015). Why Pursue Unification? A Social-Epistemological Puzzle. Theoria. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science 30 (3):431-447.
    Many have argued that unified theories ought to be pursued wherever possible. We deny this on the basis of social-epistemological and decision-theoretic considerations. Consequently, those seeking a more ubiquitous role for unification must either attend to the scientific community’s social structure in greater detail than has been the case, and/or radically revise their conception of unification.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15.  22
    Efrat Jaeger, Nissim Francez & Shuly Wintner (2005). Unification Grammars and Off-Line Parsability. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 14 (2):199-234.
    Unification grammars are known to be Turing-equivalent; given a grammar G and a word w, it is undecidable whether w L(G). In order to ensure decidability, several constraints on grammars, commonly known as off-line parsability (OLP), were suggested, such that the recognition problem is decidable for grammars which satisfy OLP. An open question is whether it is decidable if a given grammar satisfies OLP. In this paper we investigate various definitions of OLP and discuss their interrelations, proving that some (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  16. Michiru Nagatsu (2013). The Limits of Unification for Theory Appraisal: A Case of Economics and Psychology. Synthese 190 (2):2267-2289.
    In this paper I examine Don Ross’s application of unificationism as a methodological criterion of theory appraisal in economics and cognitive science. Against Ross’s critique that explanations of the preference reversal phenomenon by the ‘heuristics and biases’ programme is ad hoc or ‘Ptolemaic’, I argue that the compatibility hypothesis, one of the explanations offerd by this programme, is theoretically and empirically well-motivated. A careful examination of this hypothesis suggests several strengths of a procedural approach to modelling cognitive processes underlying individual (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17.  84
    Jennifer Wilson Mulnix (2011). Explanatory Unification and Scientific Understanding. Acta Philosophica 20 (2):383 - 404.
    This paper represents a response to the criticisms made by Eric Barnes in “Explanatory Unification and the Problem of Asymmetry” and “Explanatory Unification and Scientific Understanding” against the thesis of Explanatory Unification. This paper responds to Barnes‟ two main criticisms, that of derivational skepticism and causal asymmetry, and successfully refutes his objections. This paper also defends the plausibility of the unificationist account of scientific explanation because of its ability to render coherent the notion of scientific understanding, focusing (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18.  8
    Erik Weber & Merel Lefevere (forthcoming). Unification, the Answer to Resemblance Questions. Synthese:1-21.
    In the current literature on scientific explanation unification became unfashionable in favour of causal approaches. We want to bring unification back into the picture. In this paper we demonstrate that resemblance questions do occur in scientific practice and that they cannot be properly answered without unification. Our examples show that resemblance questions about particular facts demand what we call causal network unification, while resemblance questions about regularities require what we call mechanism unification. We clarify how (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19.  6
    T. Jones (2008). Unification. In Martin Curd & Stathis Psillos (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Science. Routledge
    Summary: Throughout the history of science, indeed throughout the history of knowledge, unification has been touted as a central aim of intellectual inquiry. We’ve always wanted to discover not only numerous bare facts about the universe, but to show how such facts are linked and interrelated. Large amounts of time and effort have been spent trying to show diverse arrays of things can be seen as different manifestations of some common underlying entities or properties. Thales is said to have (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  20.  82
    Erik Weber & Jeroen Van Bouwel (2009). Causation, Unification, and the Adequacy of Explanations of Facts. Theoria. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science 24 (3):301-320.
    Pluralism with respect to the structure of explanations of facts is not uncommon. Wesley Salmon, for instance, distinguished two types of explanation: causal explanations (which provide insight in the causes of the fact we want to explain) and unification explanations (which fit the explanandum into a unified world view). The pluralism which Salmon and others have defended is compatible with several positions about the exact relation between these two types of explanations. We distinguish four such positions, and argue in (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21.  1
    Leonardo Cabrer (forthcoming). Unification on Subvarieties of Pseudocomplemented Distributive Lattices. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic.
    In this paper subvarieties of pseudocomplemented distributive lattices are classified by their unification type. We determine the unification type of every particular unification problem in each subvariety of pseudocomplemented distributive lattices.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22.  13
    Stefan Petkov (2015). Explanatory Unification and Conceptualization. Synthese 192 (11):3695-3717.
    There are several important criticisms against the unificationist model of scientific explanation: Unification is a broad and heterogeneous notion and it is hard to see how a model of explanation based exclusively on unification can make a distinction between genuine explanatory unification from cases of ordering or classification. Unification alone cannot solve the asymmetry and irrelevance problems. Unification and explanation pull in different directions and should be decoupled, because for good scientific explanation extra ad explanandum (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23.  12
    Silvio Ghilardi & Lorenzo Sacchetti (2004). Filtering Unification and Most General Unifiers in Modal Logic. Journal of Symbolic Logic 69 (3):879-906.
    We characterize (both from a syntactic and an algebraic point of view) the normal K4-logics for which unification is filtering. We also give a sufficient semantic criterion for existence of most general unifiers, covering natural extensions of K4.2⁺ (i.e., of the modal system obtained from K4 by adding to it, as a further axiom schemata, the modal translation of the weak excluded middle principle).
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  24.  23
    Todd Jones (1995). Reductionism and the Unification Theory of Explanation. Philosophy of Science 62 (1):21-30.
    P. Kitcher's unification theory of explanation appears to endorse a reductionistic view of scientific explanation that is inconsistant with scientific practice. In this paper, I argue that this appearance is illusory. The existence of multiply realizable generalizations enable the unification theory to also count many high-level accounts as explanatory.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  25.  4
    Rosalie Iemhoff (2016). A Syntactic Approach to Unification in Transitive Reflexive Modal Logics. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 57 (2):233-247.
    This paper contains a proof-theoretic account of unification in transitive reflexive modal logics, which means that the reasoning is syntactic and uses as little semantics as possible. New proofs of theorems on unification types are presented and these results are extended to negationless fragments. In particular, a syntactic proof of Ghilardi’s result that $\mathsf {S4}$ has finitary unification is provided. In this approach the relation between classical valuations, projective unifiers, and admissible rules is clarified.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26.  49
    Erik Weber & Maarten Van Dyck (2002). Unification and Explanation. Synthese 131 (1):145 - 154.
    In this article we criticize two recent articles that examinethe relation between explanation and unification. Halonen and Hintikka (1999), on the one hand,claim that no unification is explanation. Schurz (1999), on the other hand, claims that all explanationis unification. We give counterexamples to both claims. We propose a pluralistic approach to the problem:explanation sometimes consists in unification, but in other cases different kinds of explanation(e.g., causal explanation) are required; and none of these kinds is more fundamental.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  27.  18
    Krzysztof Wójtowicz (1998). Unification of Mathematical Theories. Foundations of Science 3 (2):207-229.
    In this article the problem of unification of mathematical theories is discussed. We argue, that specific problems arise here, which are quite different than the problems in the case of empirical sciences. In particular, the notion of unification depends on the philosophical standpoint. We give an analysis of the notion of unification from the point of view of formalism, Gödel's platonism and Quine's realism. In particular we show, that the concept of “having the same object of study” (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28.  5
    David Raffe, Cathy Howieson, Ken Spours & Michael Young (1998). The Unification of Post-Compulsory Education: Towards a Conceptual Framework. British Journal of Educational Studies 46 (2):169 - 187.
    The drive to 'unify' post-compulsory education and training systems is one of the most important current developments in education policy. However the concept of 'unification' lacks clarity, is not widely recognised, and is pursued through different measures in different countries. In this paper we propose a conceptual framework with which to analyse the different meanings of and debates about unification. Using England and Scotland as examples, we show how the framework may be used to analyse existing systems, reform (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29. Michel Dalissier (2009). Anfractuosité et unification. La philosophie de Nishida Kitarô. Préface de Yasuhiko Sugimura. Droz.
    Anfractuosité et unification consiste en une introduction à la pensée de Nishida Kitarô (1870-1945), au moyen du fil directeur interprétatif qu’est la notion d’« unification » (tôitsusuru). Que signifie unifier : atteindre une unité dernière, ou bien poursuivre « sans cesse » l’unité ? Une telle poursuite ne revient-t-elle pas à un « néant pur et simple » ? En fait, cette crainte ne proviendrait-elle pas de ce que l’homme ne peut faire face à l’« infini » qui (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30. Michael Heller, Leszek Pysiak & Wiesław Sasin (2011). Fundamental Problems in the Unification of Physics. Foundations of Physics 41 (5):905-918.
    We discuss the following problems, plaguing the present search for the “final theory”: (1) How to find a mathematical structure rich enough to be suitably approximated by the mathematical structures of general relativity and quantum mechanics? (2) How to reconcile nonlocal phenomena of quantum mechanics with time honored causality and reality postulates? (3) Does the collapse of the wave function contain some hints concerning the future quantum gravity theory? (4) It seems that the final theory cannot avoid the problem of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31.  20
    Brigitte Falkenburg (2012). Pragmatic Unification, Observation and Realism in Astroparticle Physics. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 43 (2):327-345.
    Astroparticle physics is a recent sub-discipline of physics that emerged from early cosmic ray studies, astrophysics, and particle physics. Its theoretical foundations range from quantum field theory to general relativity, but the underlying “standard models” of cosmology and particle physics are far from being unified. The paper explores the pragmatic strategies employed in astroparticle physics in order to unify a disunified research field, the concept of observation involved in these strategies, and their relations to scientific realism.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  32.  32
    Carlos Castro (2005). The Extended Relativity Theory in Born-Clifford Phase Spaces with a Lower and Upper Length Scales and Clifford Group Geometric Unification. Foundations of Physics 35 (6):971-1041.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33.  24
    Hrvoje Nikolić (2009). Boson-Fermion Unification, Superstrings, and Bohmian Mechanics. Foundations of Physics 39 (10):1109-1138.
    Bosonic and fermionic particle currents can be introduced in a more unified way, with the cost of introducing a preferred spacetime foliation. Such a unified treatment of bosons and fermions naturally emerges from an analogous superstring current, showing that the preferred spacetime foliation appears only at the level of effective field theory, not at the fundamental superstring level. The existence of the preferred spacetime foliation allows an objective definition of particles associated with quantum field theory in curved spacetime. Such an (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34.  15
    Claire Gardent (2000). Deaccenting and Higher-Order Unification. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 9 (3):313-338.
    The HOU-based analysis of ellipsis was shown byDalrymple et al. (1991) and Shieber et al. (1996) to correctly capture thecomplex interaction of VP-ellipsis, scope and anaphora and claimed toextend to further related phenomena. When applied to deaccenting, theanalysis makes a strong prediction, namely that all anaphors occurringin the deaccented part of a deaccented utterance are parallelanaphors, i.e., anaphors that resolve to their parallel counterpart inthe source. I argue that this prediction is supported by the data andshow that it correctly captures (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35. Andrew Brenner (2015). Mereological Nihilism and Theoretical Unification. Analytic Philosophy 56 (4):318-337.
    Mereological nihilism (henceforth just "nihilism") is the thesis that composition never occurs. Nihilism has often been defended on the basis of its theoretical simplicity, including its ontological simplicity and its ideological simplicity (roughly, nihilism's ability to do without primitive mereological predicates). In this paper I defend nihilism on the basis of the theoretical unification conferred by nihilism, which is, roughly, nihilism's capacity to allow us to take fewer phenomena as brute and inexplicable. This represents a respect in which nihilism (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36. Philip Kitcher (1981). Explanatory Unification. Philosophy of Science 48 (4):507-531.
    The official model of explanation proposed by the logical empiricists, the covering law model, is subject to familiar objections. The goal of the present paper is to explore an unofficial view of explanation which logical empiricists have sometimes suggested, the view of explanation as unification. I try to show that this view can be developed so as to provide insight into major episodes in the history of science, and that it can overcome some of the most serious difficulties besetting (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   165 citations  
  37. Michael Strevens (2004). The Causal and Unification Approaches to Explanation Unified—Causally. Noûs 38 (1):154–176.
    The two major modern accounts of explanation are the causal and unification accounts. My aim in this paper is to provide a kind of unification of the causal and the unification accounts, by using the central technical apparatus of the unification account to solve a central problem faced by the causal account, namely, the problem of determining which parts of a causal network are explanatorily relevant to the occurrence of an explanandum. The end product of my (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   36 citations  
  38.  14
    Sebastian Gardner (2016). Kant's Third Critique: The Project of Unification. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 78:161-185.
    This paper offers a synoptic view of Kant's Critique of the Power of Judgement and its reception by the German Idealists. I begin by sketching Kant's conception of how its several parts fit together, and emphasize the way in which the specifically moral motivation of Kant's project of unification of Freedom and Nature distances it from our contemporary philosophical concerns. For the German Idealists, by contrast, the CPJ's conception of the opposition of Freedom and Nature as defining the overarching (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39. Stephan Hartmann & Matteo Colombo (forthcoming). Bayesian Cognitive Science, Unification and Explanation. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axv036.
    It is often claimed that the greatest value of the Bayesian framework in cognitive science consists in its unifying power. Several Bayesian cognitive scientists assume that unification is obviously linked to explanatory power. But this link is not obvious, as unification in science is a heterogeneous notion, which may have little to do with explanation. While a crucial feature of most adequate explanations in cognitive science is that they reveal aspects of the causal mechanism that produces the phenomenon (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40.  32
    Philip Ehrlich (2012). The Absolute Arithmetic Continuum and the Unification of All Numbers Great and Small. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 18 (1):1-45.
    In his monograph On Numbers and Games, J. H. Conway introduced a real-closed field containing the reals and the ordinals as well as a great many less familiar numbers including $-\omega, \,\omega/2, \,1/\omega, \sqrt{\omega}$ and $\omega-\pi$ to name only a few. Indeed, this particular real-closed field, which Conway calls No, is so remarkably inclusive that, subject to the proviso that numbers—construed here as members of ordered fields—be individually definable in terms of sets of NBG, it may be said to contain (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  41.  39
    Dolf Rami (2013). On the Unification Argument for the Predicate View on Proper Names. Synthese 191 (5):1-22.
    The predicate view on proper names opts for a uniform semantic representation of proper nouns like ‘Alfred’ as predicates on the level of logical form. Early defences of this view can be found in Sloat (Language, vol. 45, pp. 26–30, 1969) and Burge (J. Philos. 70: 425–439, 1973), but there is an increasing more recent interest in this view on proper names. My paper aims to provide a reconstruction and critique of Burge’s main argument for the predicate view on proper (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  42.  39
    Wayne C. Myrvold, On the Evidential Import of Unification.
    This paper discusses two senses in which a hypothesis may be said to unify evidence. One is the ability of the hypothesis to increase the mutual information of a set of evidence statements; the other is the ability of the hypothesis to explain commonalities in observed phenomena by positing a common origin for them. On Bayesian updating, it is only mutual information unification that contributes to the incremental support of a hypothesis by the evidence unified. This poses a challenge (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  43.  2
    Franz Baader & Silvio Ghilardi (2011). Unification in Modal and Description Logics. Logic Journal of the IGPL 19 (6):705-730.
    Unification was originally introduced in automated deduction and term rewriting, but has recently also found applications in other fields. In this article, we give a survey of the results on unification obtained in two closely related, yet different, application areas of unification: description logics and modal logics.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  44. Robert A. Skipper Jr (1999). Selection and the Extent of Explanatory Unification. Philosophy of Science 66 (3):209.
    According to Philip Kitcher, scientific unification is achieved via the derivation of numerous scientific statements from economies of argument schemata. I demonstrate that the unification of selection phenomena across domains in which it is claimed to occur--evolutionary biology, immunology and, speculatively, neurobiology--is unattainable on Kitcher's view. I then introduce an alternative method for rendering the desired unification based on the concept of a mechanism schema. I conclude that the gain in unification provided by the alternative account (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   11 citations  
  45. Bert Leuridan (2014). The Structure of Scientific Theories, Explanation, and Unification. A Causal–Structural Account. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 65 (4):717-771.
    What are scientific theories and how should they be represented? In this article, I propose a causal–structural account, according to which scientific theories are to be represented as sets of interrelated causal and credal nets. In contrast with other accounts of scientific theories (such as Sneedian structuralism, Kitcher’s unificationist view, and Darden’s theory of theoretical components), this leaves room for causality to play a substantial role. As a result, an interesting account of explanation is provided, which sheds light on explanatory (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  46.  56
    Wayne C. Myrvold (2003). A Bayesian Account of the Virtue of Unification. Philosophy of Science 70 (2):399-423.
    A Bayesian account of the virtue of unification is given. On this account, the ability of a theory to unify disparate phenomena consists in the ability of the theory to render such phenomena informationally relevant to each other. It is shown that such ability contributes to the evidential support of the theory, and hence that preference for theories that unify the phenomena need not, on a Bayesian account, be built into the prior probabilities of theories.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   13 citations  
  47. Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther (2005). An Obstacle to Unification in Biological Social Science: Formal and Compositional Styles of Science. Graduate Journal of Social Science 2 (2):40-100.
    I motivate the concept of styles of scientific investigation, and differentiate two styles, formal and compositional. Styles are ways of doing scientific research. Radically different styles exist. I explore the possibility of the unification of biology and social science, as well as the possibility of unifying the two styles I identify. Recent attempts at unifying biology and social science have been premised almost exclusively on the formal style. Through the use of a historical example of defenders of compositional biological (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  48.  69
    Alexander Rueger (2005). Perspectival Models and Theory Unification. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 56 (3):579-594.
    Given that scientific realism is based on the assumption that there is a connection between a model's predictive success and its truth, and given the success of multiple incompatible models in scientific practice, the realist has a problem. When the different models can be shown to arise as different approximations to a unified theory, however, one might think the realist to be able to accommodate such cases. I discuss a special class of models and argue that a realist interpretation has (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   9 citations  
  49.  8
    Ioannis Votsis, Unification: Not Just a Thing of Beauty.
    There is a strong tendency in science to opt for simpler and more unified hypotheses. A view that has of- ten been voiced is that such qualities, though aesthetically pleasing or beautiful, are at best pragmatic considerations in matters of choosing between rival hypotheses. This essay offers a novel conception and an associated measure of unification, both of which are manifestly more than just pragmatic considerations. The discussion commences with a brief survey of some failed attempts to conceptualise (...). It then proceeds to an analysis of the notions of confirmational connectedness and disconnectedness, as these are essential ingredients in the proposed conception of unification and its associated measure. Roughly speaking, the notions attempt to capture the way support flows or fails to flow between the content parts of a hypothesis. Equally roughly, the more the content of a hypothesis is confirmationally connected, i.e. support flows between its content parts, the more that content is unified. Since the confirmational connectedness of two content parts is determined by purely objective matters of fact, the proposed notion and measure of unification are themselves strictly objective, i.e. not merely pragmatic. The essay concludes with a discussion of how the proposed measure handles several examples but also how it relates to the debate over measures of coherence. (shrink)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50.  53
    Eric Margolis & Stephen Laurence (2010). Concepts and Theoretical Unification. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):219-220.
    This article is a commentary on Machery (2009) Doing without Concepts. Concepts are mental symbols that have semantic structure and processing structure. This approach (1) allows for different disciplines to converge on a common subject matter; (2) it promotes theoretical unification; and (3) it accommodates the varied processes that preoccupy Machery. It also avoids problems that go with his eliminativism, including the explanation of how fundamentally different types of concepts can be co-referential.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
1 — 50 / 937