Search results for 'Universality' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Order:
See also:
  1. Christopher Gregory Weaver (2013). A Church-Fitch Proof for the Universality of Causation. Synthese 190 (14):2749-2772.
    In an attempt to improve upon Alexander Pruss’s work (The principle of sufficient reason: A reassessment, pp. 240–248, 2006), I (Weaver, Synthese 184(3):299–317, 2012) have argued that if all purely contingent events could be caused and something like a Lewisian analysis of causation is true (per, Lewis’s, Causation as influence, reprinted in: Collins, Hall and paul. Causation and counterfactuals, 2004), then all purely contingent events have causes. I dubbed the derivation of the universality of causation the “Lewisian argument”. The (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  2.  40
    Ioannis Trisokkas (2009). The Speculative Logical Theory of Universality. The Owl of Minerva 40 (2009):141-172.
    Speculative logical theory, as provided in Hegel’s Science of Logic, consists of three main parts: the logic of being, the logic of essence, and the logic of the concept. The peculiar character of each logic’s starting-point determines the most general character of each logic’s development. The essay aims at making explicit the character of the starting-point of the third logic, the logic of the concept. This starting-point is exemplified by the category of universality. It is shown (a) that the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  3.  34
    Stephen H. Phillips (2002). Does Classicism Explain Universality? Minds and Machines 12 (3):423-434.
    One of the hallmarks of human cognition is the capacity to generalize over arbitrary constituents. Recently, Marcus (1998, 1998a, b; Cognition 66, p. 153; Cognitive Psychology 37, p. 243) argued that this capacity, called universal generalization (universality), is not supported by Connectionist models. Instead, universality is best explained by Classical symbol systems, with Connectionism as its implementation. Here it is argued that universality is also a problem for Classicism in that the syntax-sensitive rules that are supposed to (...)
    Direct download (18 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4.  8
    José Manuel Aroso Linhares (2012). Law's Cultural Project and the Claim to Universality or the Equivocalities of a Familiar Debate. International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 25 (4):489-503.
    Do our present circumstances allow us to defend a specific connection (that specific connection) between «legal rules», «moral claims» and «democratic principles» which we may say is granted by an unproblematic presupposition of universality or by an «acultural» experience of modernity? In order to discuss this question, this paper invokes the challenge-visée of a plausible reinvention of Law’s autonomous project (a reinvention which may be capable of critically re-thinking and re-experiencing Law’s constitutive cultural-civilizational originarium in a «limit-situation» such as (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5.  23
    David Novak (2008). The Universality of Jewish Ethics: A Rejoinder to Secularist Critics. Journal of Religious Ethics 36 (2):181-211.
    Jewish ethics like Judaism itself has often been charged with being "particularistic," and in modernity it has been unfavorably compared with the universality of secular ethics. This charge has become acute philosophically when the comparison is made with the ethics of Kant. However, at this level, much of the ethical rejection of Jewish particularism, especially its being beholden to a God who is above the universe to whom this God prescribes moral norms and judges according to them, is also (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6.  67
    Marek Piechowiak (1996). Powszechność praw człowieka. Zagadnienia filozoficznoprawne [Universality of Human Rights in the Light of their Ontic Foundations]. In Tadeusz Jasudowicz & Cezary Mik (eds.), O prawach człowieka. W podwójną rocznicę Paktów. Księga Pamiątkowa w hołdzie Profesor Annie Michalskiej. Dom Organizatora TNOiK 49-71.
    Idea powszechności legła u samych podstaw współczesnej ochrony praw człowieka i nadal jest często podkreślana w dyskursie typu praktycznego, na różnych płaszczyznach: politycznej, moralnej czy religijnej. Jednakże trudno o koncepcję praw człowieka pozwalającą pogodzić powszechność z właściwościami prawa, z postulatami respektu dla pluralizmu ugruntowanego tak w odmienności kulturowej, jak i wolności poszczególnych jednostek ludzkich. Wziąwszy pod uwagę, że powszechność jest fundamentalnym przy¬miotem praw człowieka, kłopoty z powszechnością są kłopotami ze zbudowaniem filozoficznej koncepcji praw człowieka w ogóle. Odrzucenie powszechności jest równoznaczne (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7.  36
    Kyung-Man Kim (2011). Habermas on Understanding: Virtual Participation, Dialogue and the Universality of Truth. [REVIEW] Human Studies 34 (4):393-406.
    Although the success of Habermas’s theory of communicative action depends on his dialogical model of understanding in which a theorist is supposed to participate in the debate with the actors as a ‘virtual participant’ and seek context-transcendent truth through the exchange of speech acts, current literature on the theory of communicative action rarely touches on the difficulties it entails. In the first part of this paper, I will examine Habermas’s argument that understanding other cultural practices requires the interpreter to virtually (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8. Brent Berlin & Paul Kay (1999). Basic Color Terms: Their Universality and Evolution. Center for the Study of Language and Inf.
    The work reported in this monograph was begun in the winter of 1967 in a graduate seminar at Berkeley. Many of the basic data were gathered by members of the seminar and the theoretical framework presented here was initially developed in the context of the seminar discussions. Much has been discovered since1969, the date of original publication, regarding the psychophysical and neurophysical determinants of universal, cross-linguistic constraints on the shape of basic color lexicons, and something, albeit less, can now also (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   140 citations  
  9.  35
    Keith Simmons (1993). Universality and the Liar: An Essay on Truth and the Diagonal Argument. Cambridge University Press.
    This book is about one of the most baffling of all paradoxes--the famous Liar paradox. Suppose we say: "We are lying now." Then if we are lying, we are telling the truth; and if we are telling the truth we are lying. This paradox is more than an intriguing puzzle, since it involves the concept of truth. Thus any coherent theory of truth must deal with the Liar. Keith Simmons discusses the solutions proposed by medieval philosophers and offers his own (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   27 citations  
  10.  66
    RW Batterman (2000). Multiple Realizability and Universality. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (1):115-145.
    This paper concerns what Jerry Fodor calls a 'metaphysical mystery': How can there by macroregularities that are realized by wildly heterogeneous lower level mechanisms? But the answer to this question is not as mysterious as many, including Jaegwon Kim, Ned Block, and Jerry Fodor might think. The multiple realizability of the properties of the special sciences such as psychology is best understood as a kind of universality, where 'universality' is used in the technical sense one finds in the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   21 citations  
  11.  34
    Margaret Whitehead (2007). Physical Literacy: Philosophical Considerations in Relation to Developing a Sense of Self, Universality and Propositional Knowledge. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 1 (3):281 – 298.
    This paper opens with a presentation of the philosophical underpinning and rationale of the concept of physical literacy. This is followed by an articulation of the concept of physical literacy. Three subsequent sections then consider aspects of the concept in a little more detail. The first investigates the relationship of the physical literacy to the development of a sense of self and to establishing interaction with others. Here the philosophical approach is informed by writings on cognitive development and recent neurological (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  12. John Earman (1978). The Universality of Laws. Philosophy of Science 45 (2):173-181.
    Various senses in which laws of nature are supposed to be "universal" are distinguished. Conditions designed to capture the content of the more important of these senses are proposed and the relations among these conditions are examined. The status of universality requirements is briefly discussed.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  13.  28
    Bernd Carsten Stahl (2008). Discourses on Information Ethics: The Claim to Universality. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 10 (2-3):97-108.
    An important question one can ask of ethical theories is whether and how they aim to raise claims to universality. This refers to the subject area that they intend to describe or govern and also to the question whether they claim to be binding for all (moral) agents. This paper discusses the question of universality of Luciano Floridi’s information ethics (IE). This is done by introducing the theory and discussing its conceptual foundations and applications. The emphasis will be (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  14. David Gruender (1984). The Bounds of Law: Universality in Science. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1984:95-101.
    Giving attention both to the history of modern science and to current work in the natural sciences, the importance of requiring that natural laws be treated as universal with respect to space and time is discussed critically. It is concluded that the view that such a requirement be taken as a definitional criterion characterizing laws of nature--or science itself--is not justified, and that the deductive advantages of universality can be preserved with local laws using scope limitations or sortal techniques.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15. Robert Rynasiewicz (1986). The Universality of Laws in Space and Time. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:66-75.
    A number of writers have suggested that laws of nature must be universal in space and time. Just what this claim amounts to is the focus of the present study. I consider and compare a number of interpretations of the requirement, with especial reference to an example by Tooley which seems paradigmatic of the antithesis of universality in space and time. I also sketch a number of other concepts of "local", "global", and "universal", each of which should be kept (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16.  7
    Günter Figal (2015). The Universality of Technology and the Independence of Things. Research in Phenomenology 45 (3):358-368.
    _ Source: _Volume 45, Issue 3, pp 358 - 368 In the 1949 _Bremen Lectures_, Martin Heidegger characterizes the essence of technology as a universal, or total, condition of modern existence. This makes it appear as though nothing can exist in the world independent of the technological. The fact that technology attempts to do away with distance, however, means that technology’s very workings presuppose the existence of distance and nearness that oppose it. Things, insofar as they are, according to Heidegger, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17.  13
    Dalia Vitkauskaite-Meurice (2010). The Arab Charter on Human Rights: The Naissance of New Regional Human Rights System or a Challenge to the Universality of Human Rights? Jurisprudence 119 (1):165-180.
    The issue of human rights has always been a matter shared by politicians, lawyers, philosophers and sociologists. Since the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights scholars and human rights activists have discussed whether the Declaration has become a symbol of human rights universality. Two decades later Muslim states have started discussions if human rights are indeed universal. They argued that human rights is a product of western imperialism and therefore the Arab states are not bound by the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  18.  6
    Jeff Love & Todd May (2008). From Universality to Inequality: Badiou’s Critique of Rancière. Symposium: The Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy 12 (2):51-69.
    Alain Badiou argues in “Rancière and Apolitics” that Rancière has appropriated his central idea of equality from Badiou’s own work. We argue that Badiou’s characterisation of Rancière’s project is correct, but that his self-characterisation is mistaken. What Badiou’s ontology of events opens out onto is not necessarily equality, but instead universality. Equality is only one form of universality, but there is nothing in Badiou’s thought that prohibits the universality he positsfrom being hierarchical. In the end, then, Badiou’s (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  19.  40
    B. Sakita (1997). Random Matrices, Fermions, Collective Fields, and Universality. Foundations of Physics 27 (11):1519-1525.
    We first relate the random matrix model to a Fokker-Planck Hamiltonian system, such that the correlation functions of the model are expressed as the vacuum expectation values of equal-time products of density operators. We then analyze the universality of the random matrix model by solving the Focker-Planck Hamiltonian system for large N. We use two equivalent methods to do this, namely the method of relating it to a system of interacting fermions in one space dimension and the method of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20.  5
    Marian Hobson (2010). Laws and Universality, Laws and History. International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 23 (3):265-281.
    The article begins by examining two arguments used by Derrida in work published in 1967. The first claims against Lévi-Strauss that an empirical pattern of events cannot be injected into or superimposed onto an historical pattern claiming universality, for then there can be no disconfirmation of what is said. (This argument is used against Marxian history by some who write in the wake of Existentialism, Paul Roubiczek for instance.) The second claims against Foucault that he does not distinguish between (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  21.  26
    Christopher Cordner (2004). Foucault and Ethical Universality. Inquiry 47 (6):580 – 596.
    Foucault's resistance to a universalist ethics, especially in his later writings, is well-known. Foucault thinks that ethical universalism presupposes a shared human essence, and that this presupposition makes it a straitjacket, an attempt to force people to conform to an externally imposed 'pattern'. Foucault's hostility may be warranted for one - perhaps the usual - conception of ethical universality. But there are other conceptions of ethical universality that are not vulnerable to Foucault's criticism, and that are ethically and (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  22.  26
    Jeff Love & Todd May (2008). From Universality to Inequality. Symposium: The Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy 12 (2):51-69.
    Alain Badiou argues in “Rancière and Apolitics” that Rancière has appropriated his central idea of equality from Badiou’s own work. We argue that Badiou’s characterisation of Rancière’s project is correct, but that his self-characterisation is mistaken. What Badiou’s ontology of events opens out onto is not necessarily equality, but instead universality. Equality is only one form of universality, but there is nothing in Badiou’s thought that prohibits the (multiple) universality he positsfrom being hierarchical. In the end, then, (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  23.  9
    Andrzej W. Jankowski (1985). Universality of the Closure Space of Filters in the Algebra of All Subsets. Studia Logica 44 (1):1 - 9.
    In this paper we show that some standard topological constructions may be fruitfully used in the theory of closure spaces (see [5], [4]). These possibilities are exemplified by the classical theorem on the universality of the Alexandroff's cube for T 0-closure spaces. It turns out that the closure space of all filters in the lattice of all subsets forms a generalized Alexandroff's cube that is universal for T 0-closure spaces. By this theorem we obtain the following characterization of the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  24.  3
    Menachem Kojman & Saharon Shelah (1992). The Universality Spectrum of Stable Unsuperstable Theories. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 58 (1):57-72.
    Kojman, M. and S. Shelah, The universality spectrum of stable unsuperstable theories, Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 58 57–72. It is shown that if T is stable unsuperstable, and 1 [brvbar]T[brvbar], T stable and κ<κ then there is a universal tree of height κ + 1 in cardinality λ.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  25. Edward P. Butler (2015). Universality and Locality in Platonic Polytheism. Walking the Worlds: A Biannual Journal of Polytheism and Spiritwork 1 (2).
    In a famous quote reported by his biographer Marinus, Proclus says that a philosopher should be like a “priest of the whole world in common”. This essay examines what this universality of the philosopher’s religious practice entails, first with reference to Marinus’ testimony concerning Proclus’ own devotional life, and then with respect to the systematic Platonic understanding of divine ‘locality’. The result is, first, that the philosopher’s ‘universality’ is at once more humble than it sounds, and more far-reaching; (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26.  60
    Gyula Klima (2010). Indifference Vs. Universality of Mental Representation in Ockham, Buridan, and Aquinas. Questio. Yearbook of the History of Metaphysics 10 (1):99-110.
    This paper argues in the first place that nominalists are right in insisting against ontological realists that semantic universality does not require commitment to universal entities. However, Ockham, in his zeal to get rid of Scotus’s universal entities, swept under the carpet the issue of universal representational content of genuinely universal symbols, conflating it with the mere indifference of the information content of non-distinctive singular representations. Buridan did come up with an abstractionist theory of the formation of genuinely universal (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27.  4
    Katherine Thompson (2006). Universality for Orders and Graphs Which Omit Large Substructures. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 47 (2):233-248.
    This paper will examine universality spectra for relational theories which cannot be described in first-order logic. We will give a method using functors to show that two types of structures have the same universality spectrum. A combination of methods will be used to show universality results for certain ordered structures and graphs. In some cases, a universal spectrum under GCH will be obtained. Since the theories are not first-order, the classic model theory result under GCH does not (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  28.  11
    Michael Tamir (2013). Geodesic Universality in General Relativity. Philosophy of Science 80 (5):1076-1088.
    According to recent arguments, the geodesic principle strictly interpreted is compatible with Einstein’s field equations only in pathologically unstable circumstances and, hence, cannot play a fundamental role in the theory. It is shown here that geodesic dynamics can still be coherently reinterpreted within contemporary relativity theory as a universality thesis. By developing an analysis of universality in physics, I argue that the widespread geodesic clustering of diverse free-fall massive bodies observed in nature qualifies as a universality phenomenon. (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29.  55
    Linda Palmer (2008). A Universality Not Based on Concepts: Kant's Key to the Critique of Taste. Kantian Review 13 (1):1-51.
    ‘Beautiful is what, without a concept, is liked universally.’ Thus ends the second Moment of the Analytic of the Beautiful in Kant's Critique of Judgment.What could yield a non-conceptual universality? Kant finds this in the harmonious ‘free play’ of the mental powers, which he characterizes as a mental state that is both non-cognitive and inherently universally valid. In general, any interpretation of Kant's aesthetic theory will depend on the view of its relationship to cognition. This relationship itself should be (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30.  10
    Seon-Wook Kim (2008). Hannah Arendt's Unintended Quest for the Practical Dimension of Universality. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 50:377-389.
    The purpose of this article is to make apparent Hannah Arendt’s thought on the practical dimension of universality alluded throughout her works. The issue of universality has been one of the most pivotal questions in political philosophy until today. Beneath of her philosophical endeavor there is always her deep concern for it. In this article I will show the practical dimension of universality unintentionally pursued by Arendt and its political implications. By harshly criticizing Plato Arendt successfully shows (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31.  7
    Michał Masłowski & Klaudyna Hildebrandt (2007). Mickiewicz's Models of Universality. Dialogue and Universalism 17 (5/6):53-61.
    In the paper the model of universality revealed by Adam Mickiewicz is investigated. It is claimed that his model of universality, which plays in Polish culture a role of a cultural canon, is distinct from the Enlightenment view on universality.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32.  10
    San MacColl (1990). Universality and Difference: O'Keeffe and McClintock. Hypatia 5 (2):149 - 157.
    This is a critique of the idea of universality in art and science that considers the examples of Georgia O'Keeffe's work as an artist and Barbara McClintock's work as a scientist. A consideration of their lives and work brings out their differences in the inherently male fields of art and science. Their underlying commonality is found in a shared view of nature involving fluidity, concern for detail, and caring and feeling, traits often characterized as "female". This enables each of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33.  23
    Luca Baccelli (2011). The Logical Foundation of Fundamental Rights and Their Universality. Res Publica 17 (4):369-376.
    This paper offers a critical analysis of two central issues in Luigi Ferrajoli’s Principia iuris , and more generally of his theory of rights. One is the way in which ‘expectations’ play a crucial role in his deontic theory by establishing the logical basis for his guarantee-based conception of law and rights. The axiomatic way in which Ferrajoli arrives at his conception of fundamental rights is questioned, for it fails to give a full account of the nature of subjective rights. (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34.  32
    Stephen Kershnar (2009). Some Difficult Intuitions for the Principle of Universality. Utilitas 21 (4):478-488.
    The Principle of Universality asserts that a part retains its intrinsic value regardless of the whole in which it is a part or even whether it is part of a whole. The idea underlying this principle is that the intrinsic value of a thing supervenes on its intrinsic properties. Since the intrinsic properties remain unchanged so does the thing’s intrinsic value. In this article, I argue that, properly understood, the Principle of Universality can handle seemingly troublesome intuitions about (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35.  9
    Jo Bogaerts (2014). Sartre, Kafka and the Universality of the Literary Work. Sartre Studies International 20 (1):69-85.
    French existentialism is commonly regarded as the main impetus for the universal significance that Kafka gained in postwar France. A leading critic, Marthe Robert, has contended that this entailed an outright rejection of interest in the biographical, linguistic and historical dimension of Kafka's writing in order to interpret it as a general expression of the human condition. This article will consider this claim in the light of Sartre's original conceptualization of a dialectic of the universal and the particular in the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36.  27
    Diane Perpich (2005). Universality, Singularity, and Sexual Difference: Reflections on Political Community. Philosophy and Social Criticism 31 (4):445-460.
    of the tension between universality and singularity in the constitution of political community. Politics for Derrida refers to demands for universal justice, while friendship stands in for demands to recognize the incomparable uniqueness of each person. Derrida develops the incompatibility between these demands to its furthest extreme while arguing that democracy paradoxically requires meeting the demands of both claims. The result is a democracy that is never achieved but always present only in the form of a desire for democracy. (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37.  20
    Xinzhong Yao (1995). Jen , Love and Universality—Three Arguments Concerning Jen in Confucianism. Asian Philosophy 5 (2):181 – 195.
    Abstract Universality, rather than partiality, is the characteristic of Confucian jen. This article puts forward three arguments to clarify confusion of interpretation: (1) that jen, rather than shu, is the main thread running through the whole system of Confucianism, and that by its two procedures of chung and shu, it presents itself as an integration of one's self with others; (2) that jen, as love, does not signify a natural preference, but an ethical refinement of an ordinary feeling of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38.  12
    Annelies Monseré (2012). Non-Western Art and the Concept of Art: Can Cluster Theories of Art Account for the Universality of Art? Estetika 49 (2):148-165.
    This essay seeks to demonstrate that there are no compelling reasons to exclude non-Western artefacts from the domain of art. Any theory of art must therefore account for the universality of the concept of art. It cannot simply start from ‘our’ art traditions and extend these conceptions to other cultures, since this would imply cultural appropriation, nor can it resolve the matter simply by formulating separate criteria for non-Western art, since this would imply that there is no unity in (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39.  8
    Viorel Guliciuc (2008). The Non-Generic Universality and the XXIth Century. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 24:11-17.
    We are experiencing a new phase of the crisis of the universality in the transmodern era. In the XXIst century there is room for the common search for the human unity starting from the acceptance of our fundamental diversity and the experiencing of an insular, local universality in the Digital Realm of the Net. There are good reasons to consider the Human Being has a ground non generic universality, inviting us to search the human integrality as a (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40.  15
    Shenbai Liao (2011). The Subjectivity and Universality of Virtues—An Investigation Based on Confucius' and Aristotle's Views. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 6 (2):217-238.
    Philosophers today are inclined to propose virtues are either something subjective or something universal. However, Confucius and Aristotle, who made the most profound investigations into virtues, did not develop such theses. The deep-seated reason lies in their belief that there is always a possibility for a human being to become a man of practice, which cancels the need of proposing subjectivity thesis. The reason for their not raising the universality thesis of virtues is that they do not think that (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41.  6
    Yuval Shany (2013). Taking Universality Seriously: A Functional Approach to Extraterritoriality in International Human Rights Law. Law and Ethics of Human Rights 7 (1):47-71.
    International human rights law has struggled to define a standard for determining the extraterritorial applicability of its norms that would reconcile the ethos of universal entitlement, on the one hand, with the centrality of borders in delineating state powers and responsibilities under international law, on the other hand. The case law of the UN Human Rights Committee and the European Court of Human Rights favors barring states from engaging in conduct outside their borders that would be impermissible if undertaken inside (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42.  14
    Brice Halimi (2011). The Versatility of Universality inPrincipia Mathematica. History and Philosophy of Logic 32 (3):241-264.
    In this article, I examine the ramified-type theory set out in the first edition of Russell and Whitehead's Principia Mathematica. My starting point is the ?no loss of generality? problem: Russell, in the Introduction (Russell, B. and Whitehead, A. N. 1910. Principia Mathematica, Volume I, 1st ed., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 53?54), says that one can account for all propositional functions using predicative variables only, that is, dismissing non-predicative variables. That claim is not self-evident at all, hence a problem. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43.  5
    Philippe Rochat (2010). What is Really Wrong with a Priori Claims of Universality? Sampling, Validity, Process Level, and the Irresistible Drive to Reduce. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):107-108.
    Catchy acronyms such as are good mnemonics. However, they carry the danger of distracting us from deeper issues: how to sample populations, the validity of measuring instruments, the levels of processing involved. These need to be considered when assessing claims of universality regarding how the mind works – a dominant and highly rewarded drive in the behavioral and brain sciences.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44.  9
    Elaine Englehardt (1998). The Search for Universality: A Book Review by Elaine Englehardt. [REVIEW] Journal of Mass Media Ethics 13 (1):62-64.
    (1998). The search for universality: A book review by Elaine Englehardt. Journal of Mass Media Ethics: Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 62-64. doi: 10.1207/s15327728jmme1301_7.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45.  11
    Dorota Czyżowska & Adam Niemczyński (1996). Universality of Socio‐Moral Development: A Cross‐Sectional Study in Poland. Journal of Moral Education 25 (4):441-453.
    Abstract Lawrence Kohlberg's theory postulates a universal model of moral development. According to Kohlberg's cognitive?development theory, moral judgement represents underlying thought organisation rather than specific responses. Although the specific content of moral judgement may vary among cultures, the basic structures are said to be universal. Our cross?sectional study has been undertaken to test the validity of Kohlberg's measure in a Polish sample. The data were gathered between 1985?87. The sample includes 291 men and women, 15?80 years of age. This paper (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46.  12
    Owen Ware (2006). Universality and Historicity: On the Sources of Religion. Research in Phenomenology 36 (1):238-254.
    One of the central questions of Jacques Derrida's later writings concerns the sources of religion. At times he gives explicit priority to the universal dimension of religion. In other places, however, he considers the primacy of faith in its concrete, historical context. This paper will clarify Derrida's relationship to universality and historicity by first comparing his notion of "messianicity without messianism" to that of Walter Benjamin's "weak Messianism." After drawing out these differences, I will focus on Derrida's later writings. (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47.  2
    Luka Zevnik (2014). The Discussion About the Universality of Happiness and the Promise of Neuroscience. Cultura 11 (1):41-62.
    The main aim of this article is to contribute to the discussion about the universality of well-being by juxtaposing the theoretical and empirical arguments of the two extreme theoretical positions regarding the possibility of a universal notion of well-being. The article first explains that the question about the possibility of a universal notion of well-being is ultimately a matter of the nature of well-being. While researchers who opt for the universalist position are convinced that their empirical data show that (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48.  8
    Richard M. Young (2003). Cognitive Architectures Need Compliancy, Not Universality. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (5):628-628.
    The criterion of computational universality for an architecture should be replaced by the notion of compliancy, where a model built within an architecture is compliant to the extent that the model allows the architecture to determine the processing. The test should be that the architecture does easily – that is, enables a compliant model to do – what people do easily.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49.  7
    Gail A. Hornstein & Susan Leigh Star (1990). Universality Biases: How Theories About Human Nature Succeed. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 20 (4):421-436.
    University of Keele, England This article analyzes the strategies and means by which universalist claims about human nature become successful in science. Of specific interest are the conditions under which claims of this sort are taken to be inherently superior to those which are particularistic or context-specific (a hierarchy of values which we term "universality bias"). We trace the birth of universalists claims in neglected fields, their growth through methodological agreements and the use of invisible referents, and their roots (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50.  2
    A. Bienayme (2008). The Universality of Economics and Cultural Diversity. Diogenes 55 (3):47-54.
    The very diversity of cultures impels the economist to respect a principle of modesty when it comes to specifying the degree of universality to which the science of economics can lay claim. In considering this issue, this paper: a) criticizes the ambition of certain forms of economic thought to arrive at truths which are universal, and b) explores the modes by which contemporary economic science participates in a renewed pursuit of a universalist doctrine. It concludes that the logic of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 1000